Witchcraft or witchery broadly means the practice of and belief in magical skills and abilities exercised by solitary practitioners and groups. Witchcraft is a broad term that varies culturally and societally, thus can be difficult to define with precision, cross-cultural assumptions about the meaning or significance of the term should be applied with caution. Witchcraft occupies a religious divinatory or medicinal role, is present within societies and groups whose cultural framework includes a magical world view; the concept of witchcraft and the belief in its existence have persisted throughout recorded history. They have been present or central at various times and in many diverse forms among cultures and religions worldwide, including both "primitive" and "highly advanced" cultures, continue to have an important role in many cultures today; the predominant concept of witchcraft in the Western world derives from Old Testament laws against witchcraft, entered the mainstream when belief in witchcraft gained Church approval in the Early Modern Period.
It posits a theosophical conflict between good and evil, where witchcraft was evil and associated with the Devil and Devil worship. This culminated in deaths and scapegoating, many years of large scale witch-trials and witch hunts in Protestant Europe, before ceasing during the European Age of Enlightenment. Christian views in the modern day are diverse and cover the gamut of views from intense belief and opposition to non-belief, in some churches approval. From the mid-20th century, witchcraft – sometimes called contemporary witchcraft to distinguish it from older beliefs – became the name of a branch of modern paganism, it is most notably practiced in the Wiccan and modern witchcraft traditions, no longer practices in secrecy. The Western mainstream Christian view is far from the only societal perspective about witchcraft. Many cultures worldwide continue to have widespread practices and cultural beliefs that are loosely translated into English as "witchcraft", although the English translation masks a great diversity in their forms, magical beliefs and place in their societies.
During the Age of Colonialism, many cultures across the globe were exposed to the modern Western world via colonialism accompanied and preceded by intensive Christian missionary activity. Beliefs related to witchcraft and magic in these cultures were at times influenced by the prevailing Western concepts. Witch hunts and killing or shunning of suspected witches still occurs in the modern era, with killings both of victims for their magical body parts, of suspected witchcraft practitioners. Suspicion of modern medicine due to beliefs about illness being due to witchcraft continues in many countries to this day, with tragic healthcare consequences. HIV/AIDS and Ebola virus disease are two examples of often-lethal infectious disease epidemics whose medical care and containment has been hampered by regional beliefs in witchcraft. Other severe medical conditions whose treatment is hampered in this way include tuberculosis, leprosy and the common severe bacterial Buruli ulcer. Public healthcare requires considerable education work related to epidemology and modern health knowledge in many parts of the world where belief in witchcraft prevails, to encourage effective preventive health measures and treatments, to reduce victim blaming and stigmatization, to prevent the killing of people and endangering of animal species for body parts believed to convey magical abilities.
The word witch is of uncertain origin. There are numerous etymologies. One popular belief is that it is "related to the English words wit, wisdom," so "craft of the wise." Another is from the Old English wiccecræft, a compound of "wicce" and "cræft". In anthropological terminology, witches differ from sorcerers in that they don't use physical tools or actions to curse; this definition was pioneered in a study of central African magical beliefs by E. E. Evans-Pritchard, who cautioned that it might not correspond with normal English usage. Historians of European witchcraft have found the anthropological definition difficult to apply to European witchcraft, where witches could use physical techniques, as well as some who had attempted to cause harm by thought alone. European witchcraft is seen by historians and anthropologists as an ideology for explaining misfortune; the witchcraft label has been applied to practices people believe influence the mind, body, or property of others against their will—or practices that the person doing the labeling believes undermine social or religious order.
Some modern commentators believe. The concept of a magic-worker influencing another person's body or property against their will was present in many cultures, as traditions in both folk magic and religious magic have the purpose of countering malicious magic or identifying malicious magic users. Many examples appear in early texts, such as those from ancient Babylonia. Malicious magic users can become a credible cause for disease, sickness in animals, bad luck, sudden death, impo
Television, sometimes shortened to tele or telly, is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome, or in color, in two or three dimensions and sound. The term can refer to a television set, a television program, or the medium of television transmission. Television is a mass medium for advertising and news. Television became available in crude experimental forms in the late 1920s, but it would still be several years before the new technology would be marketed to consumers. After World War II, an improved form of black-and-white TV broadcasting became popular in the United States and Britain, television sets became commonplace in homes and institutions. During the 1950s, television was the primary medium for influencing public opinion. In the mid-1960s, color broadcasting was introduced in most other developed countries; the availability of multiple types of archival storage media such as Betamax, VHS tape, local disks, DVDs, flash drives, high-definition Blu-ray Discs, cloud digital video recorders has enabled viewers to watch pre-recorded material—such as movies—at home on their own time schedule.
For many reasons the convenience of remote retrieval, the storage of television and video programming now occurs on the cloud. At the end of the first decade of the 2000s, digital television transmissions increased in popularity. Another development was the move from standard-definition television to high-definition television, which provides a resolution, higher. HDTV may be transmitted in various formats: 1080p, 720p. Since 2010, with the invention of smart television, Internet television has increased the availability of television programs and movies via the Internet through streaming video services such as Netflix, Amazon Video, iPlayer and Hulu. In 2013, 79 % of the world's households owned; the replacement of early bulky, high-voltage cathode ray tube screen displays with compact, energy-efficient, flat-panel alternative technologies such as LCDs, OLED displays, plasma displays was a hardware revolution that began with computer monitors in the late 1990s. Most TV sets sold in the 2000s were flat-panel LEDs.
Major manufacturers announced the discontinuation of CRT, DLP, fluorescent-backlit LCDs by the mid-2010s. In the near future, LEDs are expected to be replaced by OLEDs. Major manufacturers have announced that they will produce smart TVs in the mid-2010s. Smart TVs with integrated Internet and Web 2.0 functions became the dominant form of television by the late 2010s. Television signals were distributed only as terrestrial television using high-powered radio-frequency transmitters to broadcast the signal to individual television receivers. Alternatively television signals are distributed by coaxial cable or optical fiber, satellite systems and, since the 2000s via the Internet; until the early 2000s, these were transmitted as analog signals, but a transition to digital television is expected to be completed worldwide by the late 2010s. A standard television set is composed of multiple internal electronic circuits, including a tuner for receiving and decoding broadcast signals. A visual display device which lacks a tuner is called a video monitor rather than a television.
The word television comes from Ancient Greek τῆλε, meaning'far', Latin visio, meaning'sight'. The first documented usage of the term dates back to 1900, when the Russian scientist Constantin Perskyi used it in a paper that he presented in French at the 1st International Congress of Electricity, which ran from 18 to 25 August 1900 during the International World Fair in Paris; the Anglicised version of the term is first attested in 1907, when it was still "...a theoretical system to transmit moving images over telegraph or telephone wires". It was "...formed in English or borrowed from French télévision." In the 19th century and early 20th century, other "...proposals for the name of a then-hypothetical technology for sending pictures over distance were telephote and televista." The abbreviation "TV" is from 1948. The use of the term to mean "a television set" dates from 1941; the use of the term to mean "television as a medium" dates from 1927. The slang term "telly" is more common in the UK; the slang term "the tube" or the "boob tube" derives from the bulky cathode ray tube used on most TVs until the advent of flat-screen TVs.
Another slang term for the TV is "idiot box". In the 1940s and throughout the 1950s, during the early rapid growth of television programming and television-set ownership in the United States, another slang term became used in that period and continues to be used today to distinguish productions created for broadcast on television from films developed for presentation in movie theaters; the "small screen", as both a compound adjective and noun, became specific references to television, while the "big screen" was used to identify productions made for theatrical release. Facsimile transmission systems for still photographs pioneered methods of mechanical scanning of images in the early 19th century. Alexander Bain introduced the facsimile machine between 1843 and 1846. Frederick Bakewell demonstrated a working laboratory version in 1851. Willoughby Smith discovered the photoconductivity of the element selenium in 1873; as a 23-year-old German university student, Paul Julius Gottlieb Nipkow proposed and patented the Nipkow disk in 1884.
This was a spinning disk with a spiral pattern of holes in it, so each hole scanned a line of the image. Although he never built a working model
GMA Network is a major national commercial broadcast television and radio network in the Philippines. GMA Network is the flagship property of publicly traded GMA Network Inc, its first broadcast on television was on October 29, 1961, GMA Network is signified to as the "Kapuso Network" in reference to the outline of the company’s logo. It has been called the “Christian Network” which refers to the apparent programming during the tenure of the new management, which took over in 1974, it is headquartered in the GMA Network Center in Quezon City and its transmitter, Tower of Power is located at Tandang Sora Avenue, Barangay Culiat in Quezon City. The original meaning of the GMA acronym was Greater Manila Area, referring to the initial coverage area of the station; as the network expanded it changed into Global Media Arts. GMA's flagship television station is DZBB-TV which carries VHF Channel 7 and UHF Channel 27; the network has 48 relay stations nationwide. Its programming is available outside the Philippines through GMA Pinoy TV, GMA Life TV and GMA News TV International.
The origin of GMA Network can be traced back to Loreto F. de Hemedes Inc. through DZBB, which started airing its radio broadcast on March 1, 1950, launched as a local radio station in Manila on June 14, 1950 and owned by Robert La Rue “Uncle Bob” Stewart, an American war correspondent. Venturing into television in the 1960s, Stewart started its television station, upon the establishment of RBS TV Channel 7 on October 29, 1961, becoming the Philippines' fourth terrestrial television station. RBS's programming is composed of foreign programs from the United States and it produced local programs to cater to Filipino audiences, it produced shows like Uncle Bob’s Lucky Seven Club, a child-oriented show aired every Saturdays. And in 1963, RBS launched its first provincial television station in Cebu, DYSS Channel 7. In the same year, from Loreto F. de Hemedes Inc, the firm was formally renamed to Republic Broadcasting System, Inc.. On September 21, 1972 President Ferdinand Marcos declared martial law by the virtue of Proclamation 1081.
Marcos, ruling by decree, curtailed other civil liberties. Military personnel occupied GMA Network compound and placed it under military control to prevent alleged communist propaganda. Media outlets including RBS, critical to the Marcos administration were ordered to be closed, but in late-December 1972, RBS gave the green light by the government to return on the air this time by its blocktime agreement with the National Media Production Center, however with limited three-month permits. But due to limited licenses, difficulty in financial obligations, disallowing foreign citizens and entities from owning and operating media companies in the Philippines and the American Broadcasting Company, who owned a quarter of the company, was forced to cede majority control to a triumvirate composed of Gilberto Duavit Sr. a Malacañang official. His wife Loring was the president; the relaunched GMA, aside from sporting a light blue square logo with the network name in white had a circle 7 logo in use, in its final years the blue circle 7 logo used was similar to those used by the ABC in some United States cities.
After that, Rod Reyes, the then-general manager of RBS recruited old-timers from ABS-CBN, including from the news department and entertainment programs. Through the acquisition, the station was able to broadcast in color with a PhP8 million credit line thru buying telecine machines and acquired foreign programs. Ratings were up from #5 to #3 that time; when Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr. a senator who opposed the Marcos administration, was assassinated on August 21, 1983, it was only a small item on television news. The iron grip that the Marcos administration had on television began to slip, as GMA broadcast the funeral, the only local station to do so. In 1984, Imee Marcos, daughter of Ferdinand Marcos, attempted to take over GMA. However, the takeover was prevented by GMA executives. Stewart left the Philippines for good. GMA was instrumental during the years preceding the People Power Revolution; the network was the first to air a television interview with Corazon Aquino via Viewpoint in 1984, when she announced that she would run for the presidency if she receives one million signatures.
In February 1986, the network was the first to report that Fidel Ramos and Juan Ponce Enrile broke away from the Marcos administration. When democracy in the Philippines was restored in the People Power Revolution in 1986, television stations began to air, some with their original owners; the political instability of the country added to the station's burden, when soldiers stormed into the studios for two days in a part of coup attempt to topple president, Corazon Aquino. In 1987, it became the first VHF television network in the country to provide a new dimension to viewers by broadcasting the network's programs in full stereo, it opened its high-end live studio
Valiente (1992 TV series)
Valiente is a Philippine television drama series broadcast by ABS-CBN and GMA Network. Directed by Herman Escueta and Jose Rowel Icamen, it stars Michael de Mesa and Tirso Cruz III, it premiered on February 10, 1992 on ABS-CBN replacing Agila and aired its final episode on the network on January 27, 1995. The series premiered on GMA Network on January 30, 1995; the series concluded on September 12, 1997. A remake aired in 2012 on TV5. Lead castMichael de Mesa as Gardo Valiente Tirso Cruz III as Theo Braganza Glenda Garcia as Leona Braganza Mariz Ricketts as Maila Braganza-ValienteSupporting castOdette Khan as Trinidad "Trini" Braganza Jean Garcia as Elaine Velasquez-Braganza Ruben Rustia as Damian Valiente Renato del Prado as Pepito "Peping" Ramirez Aris Cuevas as Badong Jose Manalo Nognog Various as Armando Braganza Marissa Sanchez as Vivian Val Victa as Fidel Dioquino Eugene Domingo as Dolores Alma Lerma as Adeling Marlon Mance as Dino Lucita Soriano as Nena Richard Arellano as Crisanto Simon Serrano as Bugoy Rustom Padilla as Albert Rosales Liza Ranillo as Cita Jeniffer Mendoza as Celia Patricia Ann Roque as Lea / Melissa B.
Valiente Karina "Kara" Cruz as Chona John Arcilla as Froilan / Benjie Robert Arevalo as Cenon Maggie Dela Riva Tet Antiquiera Rochelle Barrameda Romy Mallari as Lea's adoptive father Jean Saburit as Lea's adoptive mother Matutina Berting LabraGuest castSunshine Cruz as young Leona Atong Redillas as young Theo Valiente on IMDb
ABS-CBN (TV network)
ABS-CBN is a Filipino commercial broadcast television network, the flagship property of ABS-CBN Corporation, a company under the Lopez Group. The network is headquartered at the ABS-CBN Broadcasting Center in Quezon City, with additional offices and production facilities in 25 major cities including Baguio, Bacolod, Iloilo and Davao. ABS-CBN is formally referred to as "The Kapamilya Network"; this was introduced in 1999 and was introduced in 2003 during the celebration of its 50th anniversary. It is the largest television network in the country in terms of revenues and international coverage. ABS-CBN is the oldest television broadcaster in Southeast Asia and one of the oldest commercial television broadcasters in Asia, it is the leading television network in the Philippines with advertising revenues of 21.2 billion pesos for the fiscal year of 2015. ABS-CBN's first television broadcast was on October 23, 1953, as Alto Broadcasting System on DZAQ-TV, just 3 months after the first broadcast of Japan's NHK General TV and Nippon Television.
It is the first television network in Southeast Asia to broadcast in color, the first television network in the Philippines to formally launch a digital terrestrial television service, the first broadcast television network in the Philippines to formally launch in high-definition. Today, the flagship television station of ABS-CBN is DWWX-TV; the network operates across the Philippine archipelago through the ABS-CBN Regional division which controls 80 television stations. Its programs are available outside the Philippines through the global subscription television channel The Filipino Channel, now available in over three million paying households worldwide as well as terrestrially in Guam through KEQI-LP. Since 2011, the network is on test broadcast for digital terrestrial television using the Japanese standard ISDB-T in select areas in the Philippines. On October 3, 2015, ABS-CBN started to broadcast in high-definition through its affiliate direct-to-home cable and satellite television providers.
ABS-CBN traces its history to the first Philippine television station DZAQ-TV, owned by Bolinao Electronics Corporation, renamed Alto Broadcasting System. James Lindenberg, the owner of BEC, was the first to apply for a license to the Philippine Congress to establish a television station in 1949, his request was granted on June 14, 1950, under Republic Act 511. Because of the strict import controls and the lack of raw materials needed to open a TV station in the Philippines during the mid-20th century, Lindenberg branched to radio broadcasting instead. Judge Antonio Quirino, brother of former President Elpidio Quirino tried to apply for a license to Congress, but was denied, he purchased stocks from BEC and subsequently consummated the controlling stock to rename the company from BEC to Alto Broadcasting System. DZAQ-TV began commercial television operations on October 23, 1953; the first program to air was a garden party at the Quirino residence in San Juan. After the premiere telecast, the station followed a four-hour-a-day schedule, from six to ten in the evening.
In 1955, Manila Chronicle owner Eugenio Lopez, Sr. and former Vice President Fernando Lopez, acquired a radio-TV franchise from the Congress and established Chronicle Broadcasting Network in 1956, which focused only on radio broadcasting. On February 24, 1957, Lopez invited Judge Quirino to his house for breakfast and ABS was bought under a contract written on a table napkin; the corporate name was reverted to Bolinao Electronics Corporation after the purchase of ABS. With the establishment of DZXL-TV 9 of CBN in April 19, 1958, the Lopez brothers controlled both television channels in the archipelago, culminating in the first wave of expansion; the monopoly in television was broken in 1960, when DZTV-TV 13 was established by the Inter-Island Broadcasting Corporation, owned by Dick Baldwin. In 1961, BEC launched the nation's first provincial television station in Cebu City. In the same year, BEC merged ABS and CBN to form the ABS-CBN network, a brand name that would become official in a few years.
In 1966, ABS-CBN became the first TV network to broadcast certain shows in color by using the American NTSC standard and by December 18, 1968, ABS-CBN opened its present-day Broadcast Center complex in Bohol Avenue, Quezon City, moving from its Roxas Boulevard studios, opened in 1958. It was among the most advanced broadcasting facility of its kind in Asia. Full-color broadcasts began in 1971 on ABS-CBN 2 with the availability of more color television sets around Manila and neighboring municipalities and cities. In 1967, the company was renamed ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corporation; this company became the formal merger of the two stations DZAQ-TV 3 and DZXL-TV 9. In 1969, DZAQ-TV transferred to channel 2, while its sister station DZXL-TV transferred to channel 4; this frequency adjustment was done to make room for Kanlaon Broadcasting System or KBS to occupy the channel 9 frequency. ABS-CBN sold its headquarters and studios in Roxas Boulevard to KBS; when then-President Ferdinand Marcos declared martial law in 1972, the station was forced, along with its regional stations and other television networks to shut down, with the co
Kay Tagal Kang Hinintay
Kay Tagal Kang Hinintay is a Filipino soap opera, produced by ABS-CBN and Star Cinema. It started July 8, 2002 and ended November 14, 2003; the critically acclaimed and top-rating teleserye won the CMMA Best Drama Series and the PMPC Star Awards Best Primetime Drama Series. It is the first local soap opera that became a finalist to the Best Drama Series category of the International Emmy Awards, it was part of the top five drama series of the Asian TV Awards. The series re-airs internationally this 2012 via The Brand New Cinema One Global after 8 years. Lorrea and Lorrinda Guinto are twins. Lorrea accidentally takes the place of her twin sister in the world of the drug lords. After many trials and tribulations she finds Andrei/Yuri; the Story revolves on Lorrinda Guinto. Lorrea grows up feeling abandoned by her mother. Lorrea does all that she can to save her family from a series of events that threaten to tear the family apart; this includes her rape at the hands of Francis Ventaspejo who lives in the same village and hometown.
Lorrea has a child and names him loses him. She is, in the process, blamed for murdering Francis' father; as she is thrown in jail by the powerful family Lorrea comes face to face with Lorrinda who offers to help her escape. To do so Lorrea must enter the world of the drug lords and as a step mother and wife to Henri Argos a powerful and influential character. Lorrea turns into Lorrinda, known to the people of the underworld as "Red Butterfly" or "Red", she is plunged into meeting a long lost love Borris Archangel the man that Lorrea, Lorrinda, once loved. Despite all unnecessary events there is her son Andrei who now grows up as Yuri Orbida the son adopted by Mirdo Orbida whom he grows to love as a real father. Yuri meets Helaena Argos at the university. Helaena falls for Yuri, to the dismay of Kayla Yuri's childhood friend and crush. Meanwhile and his childhood friend Ivan reunite. Ivan's adoptive mother dies in suicide and Ivan retaliates by revealing to Lorrea that her son Andrei died. Henri Argo's criminal empire is ruined Yuri vows revenge upon "Red" for killing his adoptive father, Kayla is attacked, the truth is revealed about Henri being the drug lord, leaving the family penniless.
Helaena is heartbroken after overhearing Yuri's true feelings for his true love for Kayla. Helaena, a longtime love of Anilov Mijares tries to support her family and becomes a prostitute. Lady Morganna,Brigitta's evil sister and now Borris' wife, enters the picture and plans to make "Red's" family all suffer. Helaena has sessions with him as Mister X, an Alter Ego. Unknown to Yuri is that Dimitri, once his professor and taught him law, is the one, connected to his plans for revenge, he grows to hate Anilov, for not stopping his older sister who dies overdosing on a drug made by Henri's family. After 8 years, Lorrea is still alive and Lady Morganna's old enemies resurface. Yuri falls for Katrina Henri's younger daughter who has just finished becoming a lawyer the two fall in love. Kayla suffers from jealousy. Dimitri takes him under his wing. On the other hand, Lady Morganna becomes insane and tries to shoot Lorrea, but shoots Borris instead. Yuri is unwilling to forgive Lorrea because there is not enough proof to make him believe she is the real Lorrea and not Lorrinda.
Lorrea's face is fixed after surgery after the bomb explosion, planted by Lady Morganna. The real Lorrinda/"Red Butterfly" is alive having suffered from a head trauma and amnesia after the bombing in the Jail. Lorrinda defends her twin and says that the series of events that took place will reveal that everything was staged and that everything was her fault. Yuri accepts the truth. Helaena and Anilov marry and have a child while Lorrea takes care of Alyssa, both Lady Morganna and Borris' child. Lady Morganna takes full responsibility for all the attempts and killings, on commits suicide in jail due to the guilt for Borris' death. Yuri becomes a law lecturer in a university and accepts Lorrea and Francis as his parents and all is forgiven. Lorna Tolentino as Lorrea Guinto / Lorrinda Guinto / Lea Mijares / Ingrid Medrano / Red Butterfly – Lorrea is the good twin trying to find her lost son Andre. Lorrinda has always wanted more than life had to offer for her so she became a part of the drug syndicate and adopted the names Ingrid Medrano and Red Butterfly.
They both fall in love with Boris. John Lloyd Cruz as Yuri Orbida – The lost son of Lorrea, he seeks justice for the deaths of his foster fathers. Rica Peralejo as Helaena Argos – The eldest child of Henri Argos, she does everything in her power to raise her sister after her father dies. She gets hurt from her first love, Yuri but will learn to love again with Anilov. John Estrada as Boris Arcangel – He becomes the man that both Lorrea and Lorrinda love, he becomes the right-hand man of Henri Argos. Edu Manzano as Henri Argos – Father of Helaena and Niko. One of the leaders of the drug syndicate. Jean Garcia as Lady Morgana Frost Arcangel – The female antagonist of series, she will make Lorrea and the Argos children's l
Pinulot Ka Lang sa Lupa
Pinulot Ka Lang sa Lupa is a 2017 Philippine television drama series broadcast by GMA Network. The series is based on the 1987 film of the same title. Directed by Gina Alajar, it stars Benjamin Alves, it premiered on January 30, 2017 on the network's Afternoon Prime line up replacing Sa Piling ni Nanay and worldwide on GMA Pinoy TV. The series concluded on April 2017 with a total of 53 episodes, it was replaced by D' Originals in its timeslot. The series is streaming online on YouTube. Santina is forced to work after the death of her aunt, she will work for Diony who sends Santina to school and treats her like a daughter. Diony will adopt Angeli leading Santina and Angeli's vying for Diony's son, Ephraim's love. Lead castJulie Anne San Jose as Santina "Tina" Marquez-Esquivel Benjamin Alves as Ephraim EsquivelSupporting castMartin del Rosario as Francisco "Kiko" Garela / Francis LJ Reyes as Angeli "Geli" Martinez / Esquivel Ara Mina as Mariz Alejo-Zimmerman Jean Garcia as Diony Sta. Maria-Esquivel Victor Neri as Cesar Esquivel Allan Paule as Hector Marquez Geleen Eugenio as Yoleng Sta.
Maria Janna Dominguez as Chona Garela Lharby Policarpio as Boggs Koreen Medina as LaureenGuest castKyle Ocampo as young Angeli "Geli" Martinez Marc Justin Alvarez as young Ephraim Esquivel Ar Angel Aviles as young Santina "Tina" Marquez Candy Pangilinan as Liza Marquez Leanne Bautista as Glenda Esquivel Elle Ramirez as Macy Montenegro Kiko Matos as Manny Sotto Eunice Lagusad as Elma Carmen Del Rosario as Lydia Leandro Baldemor as Conrad Alejo Sheree as Arlene Garela-Alejo Afi Africa as Britney Gee Canlas as Siony Prince Clemente as Ephraim's friend Joemarie Nielsen as Ephraim's friend Eian Rances as Ephraim's friend Kim Rodriguez as Julie David Licauco as Aiden Ge Villamil as Maring According to AGB Nielsen Philippines' Nationwide Urban Television Audience Measurement household ratings, the pilot episode of Pinulot Ka Lang sa Lupa earned an 11.4% rating. While the final episode scored a 5.4% rating in Nationwide Urban Television Audience Measurement people in television homes. Official website Pinulot Ka Lang sa Lupa on IMDb