Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
The Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology is a research institute based in Leipzig, founded in 1997. It is part of the Max Planck Society network; the institute comprises four departments, several Research Groups, The Leipzig School of Human Origins. About 375 people are employed at the institute; the former Department of Linguistics, which ran from 1998 to 2015, was closed in May 2015, upon the retirement of its director, Bernard Comrie. The former Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology operated from 1998 to 2018 under director Michael Tomasello. Well-known scientists based at the institute include Svante Pääbo, Michael Tomasello, Christophe Boesch, Jean-Jacques Hublin and Richard McElreath. In July 2006, the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology and 454 Life Sciences announced that they would be sequencing the Neanderthal genome. Results of the study were published in the May 2010 journal Science detailing an initial draft of the Neanderthal genome based on the analysis of four billion base pairs of Neanderthal DNA.
It was thought that a comparison of the Neanderthal genome and human genome would expand our understanding of Neanderthals, as well as the evolution of humans and human brains. The study determined that some mixture of genes occurred between Neanderthals and anatomically modern humans and presented evidence that elements of their genome remain in that of non-African modern humans. DNA researcher Svante Pääbo tested more than 70 Neanderthal specimens and found only one that had enough DNA to sample. Preliminary DNA sequencing from a 38,000-year-old bone fragment from a femur found in 1980 at Vindija Cave in Croatia shows that Neanderthals and Homo sapiens share about 99.5% of their DNA. It is believed; the authors of the Nature article have calculated that the species diverged about 516,000 years ago, whereas fossil records show a time of about 400,000 years ago. From DNA records, scientists hope to confirm or deny the theory that there was interbreeding between the species. Dating carried out by the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig revealed that the Jebel Irhoud site and its Homo sapiens fossils were far older than first thought.
Fresh excavations revealed a number of stone tools. The finds included part of a skull, a jawbone and limb bones which had come from three adults, a juvenile, a child aged about seven and a half years old; the bones looked similar facially to those of humans today, but had much larger lower jaws and elongated braincases. They have similar features to a skull dating to 260,000 years ago found at the other end of the continent, in Florisbad, South Africa, attributed to Homo sapiens on the basis of the Jebel Irhoud finds; the tools were found alongside gazelle bones and lumps of charcoal, indicating the presence of fire and of cooking in the cave. The gazelle bones showed characteristic signs of butchery and cooking, such as cut marks, notches consistent with marrow extraction, charring; some of the tools had been burned due to fires being lit on top of them after they had been discarded. This enabled the researchers to use thermoluminescence dating to ascertain when the burning had happened, by proxy the age of the fossil bones, which were found in the same deposit layer.
The burnt tools were dated to around 315,000 years ago, indicating that the fossils are of about the same age. This conclusion was confirmed by recalculating the age of the Irhoud 3 mandible, which produced an age range compatible with that of the tools at 280,000 to 350,000 years old; this would make the remains the earliest known examples of Homo sapiens. This suggests that, rather than modern humans arising in East Africa around 200,000 years ago, it appears that humans may have been present across the length of Africa 100,000 years earlier. According to Jean-Jacques Hublin, "The idea is that early Homo sapiens dispersed around the continent and elements of human modernity appeared in different places, so different parts of Africa contributed to the emergence of what we call modern humans today." Early humans may have comprised a large, interbreeding population dispersed across Africa whose spread was facilitated by a wetter climate that created a "green Sahara", around 300,000 to 330,000 years ago.
The rise of modern humans may thus have taken place on a continental scale rather than being confined to a particular corner of Africa. In 2005, the World Atlas of Language Structures, a project of the institute's former Department of Linguistics, was published; the Atlas consists of over 140 maps, each displaying a particular language feature – for example order of adjective and noun – for between 120 and 1370 languages of the world. In 2008 the Atlas was published online and the underlying database made available, they used to maintain the Glottolog until 2015, when it was taken over by the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History in Jena. Researchers at the institute have developed a computer model analyzing early toddler conversations to predict the structure of conversations, they showed that toddlers develop their own individual rules for speaking with slots into which they could put certain kinds of words. The rules inferred from toddler speech were better predictors of subsequent speech than traditional grammars.
Homepage of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Donald Davidson (philosopher)
Donald Herbert Davidson was an American philosopher. He served as Slusser Professor of Philosophy at the University of California, Berkeley from 1981 to 2003 after having held teaching appointments at Stanford University, Rockefeller University, Princeton University, the University of Chicago. Davidson was known for the depth and difficulty of his thought, his work exerted considerable influence in many areas of philosophy from the 1960s onward in philosophy of mind, philosophy of language, action theory. While Davidson was an analytic philosopher, most of his influence lies in that tradition, his work has attracted attention in continental philosophy as well in literary theory and related areas. Although published in the form of short, terse essays that do not explicitly rely on any overriding theory, his work is nonetheless noted for a unified character, the same methods and ideas brought to bear on a host of unrelated problems, for synthesizing the work of a great number of other philosophers.
He developed an influential truth-conditional semantics, attacked the idea of mental events as governed by strict psychological laws, rejected the conception of linguistic understanding as having to do with conventions or rules, concluding famously that "there is no such thing as a language, not if a language is anything like what many philosophers and linguists have supposed. There is therefore no such thing to be learned, mastered, or born with." His philosophical work, as a whole, is said to be concerned with how human beings communicate and interact with one another. Davidson was born in Springfield, Massachusetts on March 6, 1917, to Clarence Herbert Davidson and Grace Cordelia Anthony; the family lived in the Philippines from shortly after Davidson's birth until he was about 4. Having lived in Amherst and Philadelphia, the family settled on Staten Island when Davidson was 9 or 10, he began to attend public school and had to begin in first grade with much younger children. He attended the Staten Island Academy, starting in fourth grade.
At Harvard University, he switched his major from English and comparative literature to classics and philosophy. Among his influences was Alfred North Whitehead, he graduated in 1939, with a B. A. magna cum laude. Davidson was a pianist and always had an interest in music teaching philosophy of music at Stanford. At Harvard, he was in the same class as the conductor and composer Leonard Bernstein, with whom Davidson played piano four hands. Bernstein wrote and conducted the musical score for the production which Davidson mounted of Aristophanes' play The Birds in the original Greek; some of the music was to be reused in Bernstein's ballet Fancy Free. After graduation, he went to California, where he wrote radio scripts for the private-eye drama Big Town, starring Edward G. Robinson, he returned to Harvard on a scholarship in classical philosophy, teaching philosophy and concurrently undergoing the intensive training of Harvard Business School. Before he had the opportunity to graduate from Harvard Business School, Davidson was called up by the US Navy, for which he had volunteered.
He trained pilots to recognize enemy planes and participated in the invasions of Sicily and Anzio. After three and a half years in the Navy, he tried unsuccessfully to write a novel before returning to his philosophy studies and earning his doctorate in philosophy in 1949 under Raphael Demos and Donald Williams. Plato's Philebus was the topic of his dissertation. Under the influence of W. V. O. Quine, whom he credited as his mentor, he began to turn toward the more formal methods and precise problems characteristic of analytic philosophy. In the 1950s, Davidson worked with Patrick Suppes on developing an experimental approach to Decision Theory, they concluded that it was not possible to isolate a subject's beliefs and preferences independently of one another so there would always be multiple ways to analyze a person's actions in terms of what they wanted or were trying to do or valued. That result was comparable to Quine's thesis on the indeterminacy of translation and figured in much of Davidson's work on philosophy of mind.
His most noted work was published in a series of essays from the 1960s onward, moving successively through philosophy of action into philosophy of mind and philosophy of language, dabbling in aesthetics, philosophical psychology, the history of philosophy. Davidson was traveled and had a great range of interests he pursued with enormous energy. Apart from playing the piano, he had a pilot's license, built radios, he was fond of mountain climbing and surfing, he was married three times. His first wife was the artist Virginia Davidson, with whom he had his only child, a daughter, Elizabeth Boyer. Following his divorce from Virginia Davidson, he married for the second time to Nancy Hirschberg, Professor of Psychology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and at Chicago Circle, she died in 1979. In 1984, Davidson married to philosopher Marcia Cavell, he served terms as president of both the Eastern and Western Divisions of the American Philosophical Association, held various professional positions at Queens College, Princeton, Rockefeller University, the University of Chicago.
From 1981 to his death he was at the University of California, Berke
Sweet Dreams (book)
Sweet Dreams: Philosophical Obstacles to a Science of Consciousness is a 2005 book by the American philosopher Daniel Dennett, based on the text of the Jean Nicod lectures he gave in 2001. Dennett extends his well noted attack on the philosophical notion of qualia by using the metaphor of philosophical zombies as well as addressing many popular thought experiments. Dennett's conclusion is that there are no qualia and that the mind, consciousness, can be understood and explained from the Naturalist school of thought. Dennett reposes the question of consciousness addressed in his 1991 book Consciousness Explained. In Consciousness Explained, Dennett established what he called the "multiple drafts model" of consciousness, which suggested that there was no singular space in the conscious mind. In other words, there is no special location in the brain that can be seen as the qualia-containing "consciousness module". Instead, he states, he extends the model by creating a similar figure that he calls "Fame in the Brain" and suggests that the mind acts, to some degree, as an echo chamber, as well as the "bundle of semi-independent agencies" that he suggested in Consciousness Explained.
The main tenet of "Fame in the Brain" is that consciousness, much like fame, is not the cause, but the aftermath of certain brain processes. Dennett asks us to imagine an author whose book has yet to be released, but will result in unimaginable fame when it does. On Tuesday, when the book is to come out, he is scheduled to go on The Oprah Winfrey Show, to be interviewed on the BBC, be nominated for several awards. However, on Monday, an earthquake destroys the entire city of San Francisco. All the media hype that would have revolved around this author is drowned in the focus on San Francisco. Dennett asks, can this man be considered "famous"? He says that the man is in fact not famous though the book that would have made him famous remains unchanged; this is because fame, according to Dennett, is not about the cause of the fame, but about the aftermath: the interviews, the magazine covers, the paparazzi, etc. Consciousness is the same way. In order for something to be considered "conscious", there must be enough correlating neural events that go with it
École normale supérieure (Paris)
The École normale supérieure is one of the French grandes écoles and a school of PSL University since 2010. It was conceived during the French Revolution and was intended to provide the Republic with a new body of professors, trained in the critical spirit and secular values of the Enlightenment, it has since developed into an institution which has become a platform for a select few of France's students to pursue careers in government and academia. Founded in 1794 and reorganised by Napoleon, ENS has two main sections and a competitive selection process consisting of written and oral examinations. During their studies, ENS students hold the status of paid civil servants; the principal goal of ENS is the training of professors and public administrators. Among its alumni there are 13 Nobel Prize laureates including 8 in Physics, 12 Fields Medalists, more than half the recipients of the CNRS's Gold Medal, several hundred members of the Institut de France, scores of politicians and statesmen; the school has achieved particular recognition in the fields of mathematics and physics as one of France's foremost scientific training grounds, along with notability in the human sciences as the spiritual birthplace of authors such as Julien Gracq, Jean Giraudoux, Assia Djebar, Charles Péguy, philosophers such as Henri Bergson, Jean-Paul Sartre, Louis Althusser, Simone Weil, Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Alain Badiou, social scientists such as Émile Durkheim, Raymond Aron, Pierre Bourdieu, "French theorists" such as Michel Foucault and Jacques Derrida.
The school's students are referred to as normaliens. The ENS is a grande école and, as such, is not part of the mainstream university system, although it maintains extensive connections with it; the vast majority of the academic staff hosted at ENS belong to external academic institutions such as the CNRS, the EHESS and the University of Paris. This mechanism for constant scientific turnover allows ENS to benefit from a continuous stream of researchers in all fields. ENS full professorships are competitive. Generalistic in its recruitment and organisation, the ENS is the only grande école in France to have departments of research in all the natural and human sciences, its status as one of the foremost centres of French research has led to its model being replicated elsewhere, in France, in Italy, in Romania, in China and in former French colonies such as Morocco, Mali and Cameroon. The current institution finds its roots in the creation of the Ecole normale de l'an III by the post-revolutionary National Convention led by Robespierre in 1794.
The school was created based on a recommendation by Joseph Lakanal and Dominique-Joseph Garat, who were part of the commission on public education. The Ecole normale was intended as the core of a planned centralised national education system; the project was conceived as a way to reestablish trust between the Republic and the country's elites, alienated to some degree by the Reign of Terror. The decree establishing the school, issued on 9 brumaire, states in its first article that "There will be established in Paris an Ecole normale, from all the parts of the Republic, citizens educated in the useful sciences shall be called upon to learn, from the best professors in all the disciplines, the art of teaching." The inaugural course was given on 20 January 1795 and the last on 19 May of the same year at the Museum of Natural History. The goal of these courses was to train a body of teachers for all the secondary schools in the country and thereby to ensure a homogenous education for all; these courses covered all the existing sciences and humanities and were given by scholars such as: scientists Monge, Daubenton and philosophers Bernardin de Saint-Pierre and Volney were some of the teachers.
The school was closed as a result of the arrival of the Consulate but this Ecole normale was to serve as a basis when the school was founded for the second time by Napoleon I in 1808. On 17 March 1808, Napoleon created by decree a pensionnat normal within the imperial University of France charged with "training in the art of teaching the sciences and the humanities"; the establishment was opened in its strict code including a mandatory uniform. By a sister establishment had been created by Napoleon in Pisa under the name of Scuola normale superiore, which continues to exist today and still has close ties to the Paris school. Up to 1818, the students are handpicked by the academy inspectors based on their results in the secondary school. However, the "pensionnat" created by Napoleon came to be perceived under the Restoration as a nexus of liberal thought and was suppressed by then-minister of public instruction Denis-Luc Frayssinous in 1824. An École préparatoire was created on 9 March 1826 at the site of collège Louis-le-Grand.
This date can be taken as the definitive date of creation of the current school. After the July Revolution, the school regained its original name of École normale and in 1845 was renamed École normale supérieure. During the 1830s, under the direction of philosopher Victor Cousin, the school enhanced its status as an institution to prepare the agrégation by expanding the duration of study to three years, was divided into its present-day "
Daniel Clement Dennett III is an American philosopher and cognitive scientist whose research centers on the philosophy of mind, philosophy of science, philosophy of biology as those fields relate to evolutionary biology and cognitive science. As of 2017, he is the co-director of the Center for Cognitive Studies and the Austin B. Fletcher Professor of Philosophy at Tufts University. Dennett is an atheist and secularist, a member of the Secular Coalition for America advisory board, a member of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry, as well as an outspoken supporter of the Brights movement. Dennett is referred to as one of the "Four Horsemen of New Atheism", along with Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris, the late Christopher Hitchens. Dennett is a member of the editorial board for The Rutherford Journal. Dennett was born on March 28, 1942 in Boston, the son of Ruth Marjorie and Daniel Clement Dennett, Jr. Dennett spent part of his childhood in Lebanon, during World War II, his father was a covert counter-intelligence agent with the Office of Strategic Services posing as a cultural attaché to the American Embassy in Beirut.
When he was five, his mother took him back to Massachusetts after his father died in an unexplained plane crash. Dennett's sister is the investigative journalist Charlotte Dennett. Dennett says that he was first introduced to the notion of philosophy while attending summer camp at age 11, when a camp counselor said to him, "You know what you are, Daniel? You're a philosopher."Dennett graduated from Phillips Exeter Academy in 1959, spent one year at Wesleyan University before receiving his Bachelor of Arts in philosophy at Harvard University in 1963. At Harvard University he was a student of W. V. Quine. In 1965, he received his Doctor of Philosophy in philosophy at the University of Oxford, where he studied under Gilbert Ryle and was a member of Hertford College, his dissertation was entitled "The Mind and the Brain: Introspective Description in the Light of Neurological Findings. Dennett describes himself as "an autodidact—or, more properly, the beneficiary of hundreds of hours of informal tutorials on all the fields that interest me, from some of the world's leading scientists".
He is the recipient of a Fulbright Fellowship, two Guggenheim Fellowships, a Fellowship at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences. He is a Fellow of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry and a Humanist Laureate of the International Academy of Humanism, he was named 2004 Humanist of the Year by the American Humanist Association. In February 2010, he was named to the Freedom From Religion Foundation's Honorary Board of distinguished achievers. In 2012, he was awarded the Erasmus Prize, an annual award for a person who has made an exceptional contribution to European culture, society or social science, "for his ability to translate the cultural significance of science and technology to a broad audience."In 2018, he was awarded an honorary degree by Radboud University, located in Nijmegen, Netherlands for his contributions to and influence on cross-disciplinary science. While he is a confirmed compatibilist on free will, in "On Giving Libertarians What They Say They Want"—Chapter 15 of his 1978 book Brainstorms, Dennett articulated the case for a two-stage model of decision making in contrast to libertarian views.
The model of decision making I am proposing has the following feature: when we are faced with an important decision, a consideration-generator whose output is to some degree undetermined, produces a series of considerations, some of which may of course be rejected as irrelevant by the agent. Those considerations that are selected by the agent as having a more than negligible bearing on the decision figure in a reasoning process, if the agent is in the main reasonable, those considerations serve as predictors and explicators of the agent's final decision. While other philosophers have developed two-stage models, including William James, Henri Poincaré, Arthur Holly Compton, Henry Margenau, Dennett defends this model for the following reasons: First... The intelligent selection and weighing of the considerations that do occur to the subject is a matter of intelligence making the difference. Second, I think it installs indeterminism in the right place for the libertarian, if there is a right place at all.
Third... from the point of view of biological engineering, it is just more efficient and in the end more rational that decision making should occur in this way. A fourth observation in favor of the model is that it permits moral education to make a difference, without making all of the difference. Fifth—and I think this is the most important thing to be said in favor of this model—it provides some account of our important intuition that we are the authors of our moral decisions; the model I propose points to the multiplicity of decisions that encircle our moral decisions and suggests that in many cases our ultimate decision as to which way to act is less important phenomenologically as a contributor to our sense of free will than the prior decisions affecting our deliberation process itself: the decision, for instance, not to consider any further, to terminate deliberation. These prior and subsidiary decisions contribute, I think, to our sense of ourselves as responsible free agents in the following way: I am faced with an important decision to make, after a certain amount of deliberation, I say to myself: "That's enough.
I've considered this matter enough and now I'm going to act," in the full knowledge that I could have considered further, in the full knowledge that the eventualities may prove that I decided in er
Ray Jackendoff is an American linguist. He is professor of philosophy, Seth Merrin Chair in the Humanities and, with Daniel Dennett, co-director of the Center for Cognitive Studies at Tufts University, he has always straddled the boundary between generative linguistics and cognitive linguistics, committed to both the existence of an innate universal grammar and to giving an account of language, consistent with the current understanding of the human mind and cognition. Jackendoff's research deals with the semantics of natural language, its bearing on the formal structure of cognition, its lexical and syntactic expression, he has conducted extensive research on the relationship between conscious awareness and the computational theory of mind, on syntactic theory, with Fred Lerdahl, on musical cognition, culminating in their generative theory of tonal music. His theory of conceptual semantics developed into a comprehensive theory on the foundations of language, which indeed is the title of a recent monograph: Foundations of Language.
Brain, Grammar, Evolution. In his 1983 Semantics and Cognition, he was one of the first linguists to integrate the visual faculty into his account of meaning and human language. Jackendoff studied under linguists Noam Chomsky and Morris Halle at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he received his PhD in linguistics in 1969. Before moving to Tufts in 2005, Jackendoff was professor of linguistics and chair of the linguistics program at Brandeis University from 1971 to 2005. During the 2009 spring semester, he was an external professor at the Santa Fe Institute. Jackendoff was awarded the Jean Nicod Prize in 2003, he received the 2014 the premier award in the field of cognitive science. He has been granted honorary degrees by the Université du Québec à Montréal, the National Music University of Bucharest, the Music Academy of Cluj-Napoca, the Ohio State University, Tel Aviv University. Jackendoff argues against a syntax-centered view of generative grammar, at variance with earlier models such as the standard theory, the extended standard theory, the revised extended standard theory, the government and binding theory, the minimalist program, in which syntax is the sole generative component in the language.
Jackendoff takes syntax and phonology all to be generative, interconnected via interface components. The task of his theory is to formalize the proper interface rules. While rejecting mainstream generative grammar due to its syntactocentrism, the cognitive semantics school has offered an insight that Jackendoff would sympathize with, that meaning is a separate combinatorial system not dependent upon syntax. Unlike many of the cognitive semantics approaches, he contends that neither syntax alone should determine semantics, nor vice versa. Syntax need only interface with semantics to the degree necessary to produce properly ordered phonological output. Jackendoff, together with Fred Lerdahl, has been interested in the human capacity for music and its relationship to the human capacity for language. In particular, music has structure as well as a "grammar"; when a listener hears music in an idiom he or she is familiar with, the music is not heard as a stream of sounds. Jackendoff is interested in what cognitive structures or "mental representations" this understanding consists of in the listener's mind, how a listener comes to acquire the musical grammar necessary to understand a particular musical idiom, what innate resources in the human mind make this acquisition possible and what parts of the human music capacity are governed by general cognitive functions and what parts result from specialized functions geared for music.
Similar questions have been raised regarding human language, although there are differences. For instance, it is more that humans evolved a specialized language module than having evolved one for music, since the specialized aspects of music comprehension are tied to more general cognitive functions Conceptual semantics Mentalist postulate List of Jean Nicod Prize laureates X-bar theory Jackendoff, Ray. Semantic Interpretation in Generative Grammar. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. P. 400. ISBN 0-262-10013-4. Jackendoff, Ray. X-Bar Syntax: A Study of Phrase Structure. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. P. 248. ISBN 0-262-10018-5. Jackendoff, Ray. Semantics and Cognition. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. P. 283. ISBN 0-262-10027-4. Lerdahl, Fred & Ray Jackendoff. A Generative Theory of Tonal Music. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. P. 369. ISBN 0-262-12094-1. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list Jackendoff, Ray. Consciousness and the Computational Mind. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. P. 356.
ISBN 0-262-10037-1. Jackendoff, Ray. Semantic Structures. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. P. 322. ISBN 0-262-10043-6. Jackendoff, Ray. Languages of the Mind: Essays on Mental Representation. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. P. 200. ISBN 0-262-10047-9. Jackendoff, Ray. Patterns in the Mind: Language and Human Nature. New York, NY: Harvester Wheatsheaf. P. 243. ISBN 0-7450-0962-X. Jackendoff, Ray; the Architecture of the Language Faculty. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. P. 262. ISBN 0-262-1005
Victoria University of Wellington
Victoria University of Wellington is a university in Wellington, New Zealand. It was established in 1897 by Act of Parliament, was a constituent college of the University of New Zealand; the university is well known for its programmes in law, the humanities, some scientific disciplines, offers a broad range of other courses. Entry to all courses at first year is open, entry to second year in some programmes is restricted. Victoria had the highest average research grade in the New Zealand Government's Performance-Based Research Fund exercise in 2012, having been ranked 4th in 2006 and 3rd in 2003. Victoria has been ranked 221st in the World's Top 500 universities by the QS World University Rankings. Victoria is named after Queen Victoria. There was a dispute as to where to site it, it opened in temporary facilities in Thorndon, it was decided to place it in Kelburn, where it still has its primary campus. This decision was influenced by the Cable Car company's offer of a donation of £1,000 if it were located in Kelburn so that students would patronise the Cable Car from the city.
Several of the Company investors like Martin Kennedy were supporters of Seddon, who stalled on releasing land on the alternative Mount Cook Gaol site for the university, although this site was supported in Wellington. The foundation stone of the historic Hunter Building was laid in 1904; the original name was Victoria University College, but on the dissolution of the University of New Zealand in 1961 Victoria or "Vic" became the Victoria University of Wellington, conferring its own degrees. An extramural branch was founded at Palmerston North in 1960, it merged with Massey College on 1 January 1963. Having become a branch of Victoria upon the University of New Zealand's 1961 demise, the merged college became Massey University on 1 January 1964. In 2004, Victoria celebrated the 100th birthday of the Hunter Building. Victoria has expanded beyond its original campus in Kelburn, with campuses in Te Aro, Pipitea. Victoria hosts the Ferrier Research Institute and the Robinson Research Institute in Lower Hutt, the Coastal Ecology Laboratory in Island Bay and the Miramar Creative Centre, in Park Rd, Miramar.
In 2015, Victoria opened a new campus in Auckland to service the growing demand for its courses and expertise. In May 2018, it was reported that Victoria was exploring options to simplify its name to University of Wellington. Vice-Chancellor Grant Guillford said that the university was pursuing a name change in order to reduce confusion overseas, as several other universities carried the "Victoria" name. On the 27th July, 2018, the Victoria University of Wellington Council agreed in principle to the name change, as well as replacing the Māori name with Te Herenga Waka. Of the 2,000 public submissions on the name change proposal were opposed, 75% were opposed to it. Alumni and students were opposed to the name change, staff gave mixed feedback, while university stakeholders favoured the name change. On 24 September 2018, Victoria University's Council voted by a majority of nine to two to change the university's name to the University of Wellington; the Council voted to adopt the new Māori name of Te Herenga Waka.
The University's Vice-Chancellor Grant Guilford abstained from the vote, citing a conflict of interest. Critics such as Victoria University law professor Geoff McLay criticized the name change for erasing 120 years of history. By contrast, Chancellor Neil Pavious-Smith defended the outcome of the vote as "one decision in a much broader strategy to try and help the university achieve its potential"; the Council will submit its recommendation to the Minister of Education who will make the final decision. On 18 December 2018, Minister for Education Chris Hipkins announced that he had rejected the University Council's recommendation, citing the proposed change did not have sufficient support from Victoria's staff, students or alumni, that such a change would not in keeping with institution accountability or be in the national interest, its main campus is in Kelburn, a suburb on a hill overlooking the Wellington central business district, where its administration and humanities & social science and science faculties are based.
The law and commerce and administration faculties are in the Pipitea Campus, near Parliament Buildings, which consists of Rutherford House, the restored Old Government Buildings, the West Wing of the Wellington railway station. A smaller campus in Te Aro is the base for the design schools; the newest facility, the Victoria University Coastal Ecology Laboratory supports research programmes in marine biology and coastal ecology on Wellington's rugged south coast. Day-to-day governance is in the hands of the University Council, which consists of 20 people: four elected by the Court of Convocation, three elected by the academic staff, one elected by the general staff, two appointed by the student union executive, four appointed by the Minister of Education, four selected by the Council itself, the Vice-Chancellor; the Court of Convocation is composed of all graduates. Charles Wilson, at the time the chief librarian of the parliamentary library, was a member of the original council and its chairman for two years.
For New Zealand residents entry to most courses is open, with a few exceptions. Performance Music requires an audition. There is selection for entry into the second year in degrees such as BArch and BDes. BA in criminology a