Peter II, Duke of Bourbon
Peter II, Duke of Bourbon, was the son of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon, Agnes of Burgundy, a member of the House of Bourbon. He and his wife Anne of France ruled as regents during the minority of Charles VIII of France. A loyal and capable subject of the crown, Peter earned the grudging respect of Louis XI through his demonstration of the Bourbon family's "meekness and humility", he was betrothed to Marie d'Orleans, sister of Louis, Duke of Orleans. A marriage between Peter and the King's elder daughter, was arranged. Peter and Anne were married on 3 November 1473. At the time of Louis XI's death in 1483, Peter was one of the few royal servants to have remained in favour during the King's reign, it was to him that Louis, on his deathbed, granted guardianship over the new King, Charles VIII. Peter and Anne took up their duties, began to position themselves as leaders of a regency government; the King was swiftly crowned. Having assisted his wife in the governing of France, in 1488 both were able to begin building up a power-base of their own in the Bourbonnais.
Anne was Countess of Gien, Peter was Count of Clermont and La Marche, as well as Lord of Beaujeu. The new Duke and Duchess of Bourbon proceeded to add to these domains, adding Bourbon-Lancy in December 1488, trading l'Isle-en-Jordain with the Armagnacs in June 1489 for Carlades and Murat; these domains were granted to them by the King in absolute right – they would not revert to the crown, were not obligated to pass to the next heirs to the Bourbon inheritance, the Bourbon-Montpensiers – the Duke and Duchess could bequeath them to whomsoever they wished. On 10 May 1491, the pair acquired an heir of their own, a daughter, Suzanne. By 1491, the Bourbon influence over the crown was waning. Against the better judgement of Anne and Peter, Charles chose to renounce his unconsummated marriage to Margaret of Austria, instead marry Anne, Duchess of Brittany. Nor were either able to prevent Charles' disastrous Italian expeditions, although both were left in control of France on several of his absences.
Both continued to be major figures in the court for the rest of Charles VIII's reign, but restricted in power. After Charles VIII's death, the accession of Louis XII, Peter retired from court politics and devoted his few remaining years to his family, being devoted to his daughter Suzanne. Without surviving male issue, the next heir to the Bourbon Duchy was Suzanne, it was in the question of the future of Suzanne and the Bourbon territories that Peter and Anne found themselves opposing each another in his final years. With Charles VIII dead and the more cautious Louis XII on the throne, Suzanne needed a husband to support her in her inheritance, which risked being disputed by the crown and the Montpensiers; the Duke and Duchess had groomed the next Bourbon heir, Louis of Bourbon-Montpensier, as a son-in-law. Peter decided to betroth Suzanne to Charles IV, Duke of Alençon, a favourite of Louis XII, so to protect the duchy against royal encroachment and Montpensier challenges; this contract was signed on 21 March 1501 at Moulins, Charles being 11, Suzanne 9.
Before this marriage could be completed, Peter died of a fever. Following this, Anne arranged for Suzanne to marry the next Bourbon heir-male, Charles of Bourbon-Montpensier, thereby averting a succession dispute over the Bourbon inheritance with the young pair inherited jointly
Louis d'Armagnac, Duke of Nemours
Louis d'Armagnac, Duke of Nemours, known for most of his life as the Count of Guise, was the third son of Jacques d'Armagnac, Duke of Nemours and Louise of Anjou. In 1491, he was made Count of Guise, a title last held by his uncle Charles IV, Duke of Anjou. Upon the death of his elder brother Jean in 1500, he became Duke of Nemours, he fought in the Italian Wars and was made viceroy of Naples in 1501. He was defeated and killed at the battle of Cerignola on 28 April 1503
Duke of Nemours
Duke of Nemours was a title in the Peerage of France. The name refers to Nemours in the Île-de-France region of north-central France. In the 12th and 13th centuries, the Lordship of Nemours, in the Gatinais, was a possession of the house of Villebéon, a member of which, was marshal of France in the middle of the 13th century; the lordship was sold to King Philip III of France in 1276 by Jean and Philippe de Nemours. It was made a county and given in 1364 to Jean III de Grailly, captal de Buch. In 1404, Charles VI of France gave it to Charles III of Navarre and erected it into a duchy in the peerage of France, in exchange to his ancestral county of Évreux in Normandy. After being confiscated and restored several times, the duchy reverted to the French crown in 1504, after the extinction of the house of Armagnac-Pardiac. In 1507, it was given by Louis XII of France to his nephew, Gaston de Foix, killed at the Battle of Ravenna in 1512; the duchy returned to the royal domain and was detached from it successively for Giuliano de Medici and his wife Philiberta of Savoy in 1515, for Louise of Savoy in 1524, for Philip of Savoy, Count of Genevois, in 1528.
The descendants of Philip of Savoy held the duchy until its sale to Louis XIV of France. In 1672, Louis XIV gave it to his brother Philippe de France, Duke of Orléans, whose descendants held it until the French Revolution, it was one of the many subsidiary titles held by the House of Orléans. The title of Duke of Nemours was afterwards given to Louis Charles d'Orléans, the second son of King Louis Philippe of the French. House of Château-LandonOrson Aveline, died 1196Aveline married Walter of Villebéon, lord of Beaumont-du-Gâtinais, in 1150 and shared the lordship with him, they left it to their son in 1174. House of VillebéonWalter I, died 1205 Philip I Walter II Philip II Walter III Philip III The lordship was sold to the king in 1274. Charles d'Évreux King of NavarreAfter the death of Charles III in 1425, the Duchy was claimed both by the descendants of his younger daughter and his elder daughter and heiress, Blanche I of Navarre. Louis XI settled the claim on Jacques d'Armagnac, grandson of Beatrix, in 1462, though Blanche's descendants, the Kings of Navarre, claimed the title until 1571.
Eléanore de Bourbon Jacques d'Armagnac confiscated from Jacques at his execution for treason in 1477, restored to his son Jean in 1484Jean d'Armagnac Louis d'Armagnac Marguerite d'Armagnac Charlotte d'Armagnac The last descendant of Béatrix d'Évreux, she died without issue. Gaston of Foix Giuliano di Medici, married to: Philiberte of Savoy Louise of Savoy, Duchess of Angoulême, Francis I of France's mother, she received the duchy of Nemours in 1524 with the duchy of Anjou. It was transferred to her half-brother in 1528 and she received the duchy of Touraine in exchange, she received the Duchy of Auvergne. Philip of Savoy Jacques of Savoy Charles Emmanuel of Savoy Henry of Savoy Louis of Savoy Charles Amadeus of Savoy Henry of Savoy Philippe de France Philippe d'Orléans, Regent of France 1715–1723, son of the above Louis d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans, son of the above Louis Philippe d'Orléans, son of the above Philippe d'Orléans, Philippe Égalité, son of the above Louis Philippe d'Orléans, King of the French, 1830–1848, son of the above Louis Charles d'Orléans, son of the above Charles Philippe d'Orléans, great-grandson of the above This is a list of the Duchesses of Nemours and their original houses