Kansas City, Kansas
Kansas City is the third-largest city in the State of Kansas, the county seat of Wyandotte County, the third-largest city of the Kansas City metropolitan area. Kansas City, Kansas is abbreviated as "KCK" to differentiate it from Kansas City, after which it is named, it is part of a consolidated city-county government known as the "Unified Government". Wyandotte County includes the independent cities of Bonner Springs and Edwardsville; as of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 145,786 residents. It is situated at Kaw Point, the junction of the Missouri and Kansas rivers. In October 1872, "old" Kansas City, was incorporated; the first city election was held on October 22 of that year, by order of Judge Hiram Stevens of the Tenth Judicial District, resulted in the election of Mayor James Boyle. The mayors of the city after its organization were James Boyle, C. A. Eidemiller, A. S. Orbison, Eli Teed and Samuel McConnell. In June 1880, the Governor of Kansas proclaimed the city of Kansas City a city of the second class with Mayor McConnell present.
In March 1886, "new" Kansas City, was formed through the consolidation of five municipalities: "old" Kansas City, Armourdale, Wyandotte. The oldest city of the group was Wyandotte, formed in 1857 by Wyandot Native Americans and Methodist missionaries. In the 1890s, the city saw an explosive growth in population as a streetcar suburb of Kansas City, Missouri; this growth continued until the 1930s. It was one of the nation's 100 largest cities for many U. S. Census counts, from 1890 to 1960, including 1920, when it had a population of over 100,000 residents for the first time; as with adjacent Kansas City, the percentage of the city's most populous ethnic group, non-Hispanic whites, has declined from 76.3% in 1970 to 40.2% in 2010. In 1997, voters approved a proposition to unify the city and county governments creating the Unified Government of Wyandotte County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 128.38 square miles, of which, 124.81 square miles is land and 3.57 square miles is water.
Neighborhoods of Kansas City, include the following: Downtown Argentine − former home to the silver smelter for which it was named. Armourdale − a city, it was consolidated with the city of Kansas City in 1886. Armstrong − a town absorbed by Wyandotte. Bethel − a neighborhood located along Leavenworth Rd. between 72nd and 77th Streets. It was never incorporated as a municipality. Fairfax District − an industrial area along the Missouri River. Muncie Maywood − until the late 1990s, Maywood was a quiet, isolated residential area. Nearman Piper Polish Hill Pomeroy − a late-19th—early-20th-century Train Depot, Trading Post, Saw Mill, river landing for barges to load and unload. Riverview Rosedale − merged with Kansas City in 1922. Stony Point Strawberry Hill Turner − community around the Wyandotte-Johnson County border to the Kansas River north-south, from I-635 to I-435 east-west. Vinewood Wolcott Welborn City Park Wyandotte County Lake Park Kansas City lies in the Midwestern United States, as well as near the geographic center of the country, at the confluence of the longest river in the country, the Missouri River, the Kansas River.
The city lies in the Humid continental climate zone, with four distinct seasons, moderate precipitation, is part of USDA plant hardiness zones 5b and 6a Being located in the center of North America, far removed from a significant body of water, there is significant potential for extremes of hot and cold swings in temperature throughout the year. Unless otherwise stated, normal figures below are based on data from 1981 to 2010 at Downtown Airport; the warmest month of the year is July, with a 24-hour average temperature of 81.0 °F. The summer months are hot, but can get hot and moderately humid, with moist air riding up from the Gulf of Mexico. High temperatures surpass 100 °F on 5.6 days of the year, 90 °F on 47 days. The coldest month of the year is January, with an average temperature of 31.0 °F. Winters are cold, with 22 days where the high is at or below the freezing mark and 2.5 nights with a low at or below 0 °F. The official record maximum temperature is 113 °F, set on August 14, 1936, at Downtown Airport, while the official record minimum temperature is −23 °F, set on December 22 and 23, 1989.
Normal seasonal snowfall is 13.4 inches at Downtown Airport and 18.8 in at Kansas City International Airport. The average window for freezing temperatures is October 31 to April 4, while for measurable snowfall, it is November 27 to March 16 as measured at Kansas City International Airport. Precipitation, both in frequency and total accumulation, shows a marked uptick in late spring and summer. Kansas City is situated on the edge of the "Tornado Alley", a broad region where cold air from the Rocky Mountains in Canada collides with warm air from the Gulf of Mexico, leading to the formation of powerful storms during the spring. A few areas of the Kansas City Metropolitan Area have had some severe outbreaks of tornadoes at different points in the past, including the Ruskin Heights tornado in 1957, the May 2003 tornado outbreak sequence; the region can fall victim to the sporadic ice storm during the winter months, such as the 2002 ice
Motocross World Championship
FIM Motocross World Championship is the premier championship of motocross racing, organized by the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme divided into two distinct classes: MX1 and MX2. Race duration is 30 minutes plus 2 laps per moto; the series runs 18 events with two motos at each round. The Motocross World Championship is a worldwide motocross series sanctioned by the F. I. M.. It was inaugurated in 1957 using a 500 cc engine displacement formula. In 1962 a 250cc class was added and in 1975, a 125cc class was introduced. Prior to 1957, the championship was known as the European Championship. In 2002, the F. I. M. Changed the displacement formulas to reflect the changes in engine technology and as a move towards environmentally friendlier four-stroke engines; the new MX1 class became the premier class, allowing two-stroke engines of up to 250cc and four-stroke engines of up to 450cc. The MX2 class allowed four-stroke motors of up to 250cc; the MX3 class allowed two-stroke engines of up to four stroke engines of up to 650cc.
Note: Pink background denotes European Championship only. Without the European Championships. Last updated: 30 September 2018 Last updated: 17 September 2018 Including the European Championships. Last updated: 29 September 2018. Last updated: 30 September 2018. Countries that have held Grand Prix as of the 2018 season. 2018 Motocross des Nations Countries in bold hold a Grand Prix. FIM Women's Motocross World Championship List of AMA motocross national champions Supercross World Championship List of Trans-AMA motocross champions List of Motocross riders Hawkstone Park Motocross Circuit Cwmythig Hill Motocross Circuit Official website
Las Vegas Valley
The Las Vegas Valley is a major metropolitan area in the southern part of the U. S. state of Nevada. The state's largest urban agglomeration, it is the heart of the Las Vegas–Paradise-Henderson, NV MSA; the Valley is defined by the Las Vegas Valley landform, a 600 sq mi basin area surrounded by mountains to the north, south and west of the metropolitan area. The Valley is home to the three largest incorporated cities in Nevada: Las Vegas and North Las Vegas. Five unincorporated towns governed by the Clark County government are part of the Las Vegas Township and constitute the largest community in the state of Nevada; the names Las Vegas and Vegas are interchangeably used to indicate the Valley, the Strip, the city, as a brand by the Las Vegas Convention and Visitors Authority to denominate the region. The Valley is affectionately known as the "ninth island" by Hawaii natives and Las Vegans alike, in part due to the large number of people from Hawaii who live in and travel to Las Vegas. Since the 1990s the Las Vegas Valley has seen rapid growth, tripling its population of 741,459 in 1990 to 2,227,053 estimated in 2018.
The Las Vegas Valley remains one of the fastest growing metropolitan areas in the United States, in its short history has established a diverse presence in international business, urban development and entertainment, as well as one of the most iconic and most visited tourist destinations in the world. In 2014, a record breaking 41 million visited the Las Vegas area, producing a gross metropolitan product of more than $100 billion; the first reported non-Native American visitor to the Las Vegas Valley was the Mexican scout Rafael Rivera in 1829. Las Vegas was named by Mexicans in the Antonio Armijo party, including Rivera, who used the water in the area while heading north and west along the Old Spanish Trail from Texas. In the 19th century, areas of the valley contained artesian wells that supported extensive green areas, or meadows, hence the name Las Vegas; the area was settled by Mormon farmers in 1854 and became the site of a United States Army fort in 1864, beginning a long relationship between southern Nevada and the U.
S. military. Since the 1930s, Las Vegas has been identified as a gaming center as well as a resort destination targeting adults. Nellis Air Force Base is located in the northeast corner of the valley; the ranges that the Nellis pilots use and various other land areas used by various federal agencies, limit growth of the valley in terms of geographic area. Businessman Howard Hughes arrived in the late 1960s and purchased many casino hotels, as well as television and radio stations in the area. Legitimate corporations began to purchase casino hotels as well, the mob was run out by the federal government over the next several years; the constant stream of tourist dollars from the hotels and casinos was augmented by a new source of federal money from the establishment of what is now Nellis Air Force Base. The influx of military personnel and casino job-hunters helped start a land building boom, now leveling off; the Las Vegas area remains one of the world's top entertainment destinations. The valley is contained in the Las Vegas Valley landform.
This includes the cities of Las Vegas, North Las Vegas, Henderson, the unincorporated towns of Summerlin South, Spring Valley, Sunrise Manor, Enterprise and Whitney. The valley is technically located within the larger metropolitan area, as the metropolitan area covers all of Clark County including parts that do not fall within the valley; the government of Clark County has an "Urban Planning Area" of Las Vegas. This definition is a rectangular area, about 20 mi from east to west and 30 miles from north to south. Notable exclusions from the "Urban Planning Area" include Red Rock, Blue Diamond, Mount Charleston; the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department is the largest police department in the valley and the state and exercises jurisdiction in the entire county. There are 3,000 police officers that cover the city of Las Vegas; the department does not exercise primary jurisdiction in areas with separate police forces such as North Las Vegas, Boulder City, Nellis Air Force Base and the Paiute reservation.
The Las Vegas Valley lies in the Mojave Desert. The surrounding land is desert with mountains in the distance; the Las Vegas Valley lies in a high-altitude portion of the Mojave Desert, with a subtropical hot-desert climate. The Valley averages less than 5 in of rain annually. Daily daytime summer temperatures in July and August range from 100 °F to 110 °F, while nights range from 72 °F to 80 °F. Low humidity, tempers the effect of these temperatures, though dehydration, heat exhaustion, sun stroke can occur after a limited time outdoors in the summer; the interiors of automobiles prove deadly to small children and pets during the summer and surfaces exposed to the sun can cause first- and second-degree burns to unprotected skin. July and August can be marked by "monsoon season", when moist winds from the Gulf of California soak much of the Southwestern United States. While not only raising humidity levels, these winds develop into dramatic desert thunderstorms that can sometimes cause flash flooding.
Winters in the Las Vegas Valley are chilly, but sunny. Winter highs in December and January range from 52 °F to 60 °F, while nighttime lows range from 34 °F to 42 °F (
Yamaha Motor Company
Yamaha Motor Company Limited is a Japanese manufacturer of motorcycles, marine products such as boats and outboard motors, other motorized products. The company was established in 1955 upon separation from Yamaha Corporation, is headquartered in Iwata, Japan; the company conducts development and marketing operations through 109 consolidated subsidiaries as of 2012. Led by Genichi Kawakami, the company’s first president, Yamaha Motor began production of its first product, the YA-1, in 1955; the 125cc motorcycle won the 3rd Mount Fuji Ascent Race in its class. The company's products includes motorcycles, motorized bicycles, sail boats, personal water craft, swimming pools, utility boats, fishing boats, outboard motors, 4-wheel ATVs, recreational off-road vehicles, go-kart engines, golf carts, multi-purpose engines, electrical generators, water pumps, small snow throwers, automobile engines, surface mounters, intelligent machinery, industrial-use unmanned helicopters, electrical power units for wheelchairs and helmets.
The company is involved in the import and sales of various types of products, development of tourist businesses and management of leisure, recreational facilities and related services. Yamaha’s motorcycle sales are the second largest in the world outboard motor and Yamaha is the world leader in water vehicle sales; the motorcycle division of Yamaha was founded in 1955, was headed by Genichi Kawakami. Yamaha's initial product was a 125 cc two-cycle, single cylinder motorcycle, the YA-1, a copy of the German DKW RT 125; the YA-1 was a competitive success at racing from the beginning, winning not only the 125cc class in the Mt. Fuji Ascent, but sweeping the podium with first and third place in the All Japan Autobike Endurance Road Race that same year. Early success in racing set the tone for Yamaha, as competition in many varieties of motorcycle racing has been a key endeavor of the company throughout its history fueled by a strong rivalry with Honda and other Japanese manufacturers. Yamaha began competing internationally in 1956 when they entered the Catalina Grand Prix, again with the YA-1, at which they placed sixth.
The YA-1 was followed by the YA-2 of 1957, another 125cc two stroke, but with improved frame and suspension. The YD-1 of 1957 was a 250cc two-stroke twin cylinder motorcycle, resembling the YA-2, but with a larger and more powerful motor. A performance version of this bike, the YDS-1 housed the 250cc two-stroke twin in a double downtube cradle frame and offered the first five-speed transmission in a Japanese motorcycle; this period saw Yamaha offer its first outboard marine engine. By 1963 Yamaha's dedication to both the two-stroke engine and racing paid off with their first victory in international competition, at the Belgium GP, where they won the 250cc class. Success in sales was more impressive, Yamaha set up the first of its international subsidiaries in this period beginning with Thailand in 1964, the Netherlands in 1968. 1965 saw the release of the flagship of the company's lineup. It featured a separate oil supply. In 1967 a new larger displacement model was added to the range, the 350cc two stroke twin R-1.
In 1968 Yamaha launched their first four-stroke motorcycle, the XS-1. The Yamaha XS-1 was a 650cc four-stroke twin, a larger and more powerful machine that equaled the displacement and performance of the popular British bikes of the era, such as the Triumph Bonneville and BSA Gold Star. Yamaha continued on with both the two-stroke line and four-stroke twins at a time that other Japanese manufacturers were moving to four cylinder four-stroke machines, a trend led by Honda in 1969 with the legendary CB-750 four-stroke four-cylinder cycle. Not until 1976 would Yamaha answer the other Japanese brands with a multi-cylinder four stroke of their own; the XS-750 a 750cc triple cylinder machine with shaft final drive was introduced seven years after Honda's breakthrough bike. Yamaha's first four-cylinder model, the XS-1100 followed in 1978, again with shaft drive. Despite being heavier and more touring oriented than its rivals it produced an impressive string of victories in endurance racing; the 1970s saw some of the first dedicated off-road bikes for off-road racing and recreation.
Yamaha was an early innovator in dirt-bike technology, introduced the first single-shock rear suspension, the trademarked "Monoshock" of 1973. It appeared in production on the 1974 Yamaha YZ-250, a model which has continued in production, with many updates, until 2015, making it Yamaha's longest continuous model and name. Yamaha continued racing throughout the 1970s with increasing success in several formats; the decade of the 1970s was capped by the XT500 winning the first Paris-Dakar Rally in 1979. By 1980 the combination of consumer preference and environmental regulation made four strokes popular. Suzuki ended production of their GT two stroke series, including the flagship water-cooled two-stroke 750cc GT-750 in 1977. Kawasaki, who had considerable success throughout the 1970s with their two-stroke triples of 250cc, 350cc, 500cc and 750cc ended production of road-going two strokes in 1980. Yamaha continued to refine and sell two-strokes for the street into the 1980s; these bikes were performance oriented, water-cooled twin cylinder machines, designed to achieve excellent performance t
Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme
The Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme is the global governing/sanctioning body of motorcycle racing. It represents 113 national motorcycle federations that are divided into six regional continental unions. There are six motorcycle-racing disciplines that FIM covers, encompassing 65 world championships and prizes: road racing, motocross trials, enduro and track racing. FIM is involved in many non-racing activities that promote the sport, its safety, support relevant public policy; the FIM is the first international sporting federation to publish an Environmental Code, in 1994. In 2007, a Commission for Women in Motorcycling was created by the FIM in order to promote the use of powered two-wheelers and the motorcycle sport among women; the FIM was born from the Fédération Internationale des Clubs Motocyclistes, which itself was founded in Paris, France, on 21 December 1904. The British Auto-Cycle Union was one of the founding members. In 1906, the FICM was reborn in 1912 with the headquarters now located in England.
The Six Days Reliability Trial was held the next year, the first international event held by the new incarnation. The name was changed to the Fédération Internationale Motocycliste in 1949, the same year that saw the first race of the famed Road Racing World Championship Grand Prix; the headquarters were transferred to Geneva, Switzerland in 1959. 1994 saw the headquarters relocated, this time to Mies and occupy its own building for the first time, shaped like a stylized motorcycle. The name was changed again in 1998 to the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme at the congress in Cape Town, South Africa; the same year, the FIM was given provisional status of recognition by the International Olympic Committee, gained full status in 2000 at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, Australia. 2004 marked the organization's centenary, celebrations were held at the congress in Paris in October. Since 2006, Vito Ippolito is the first non-European president of the FIM. FIM Grand Prix motorcycle racing FIM Superbike World Championship FIM Supersport World Championship FIM Road Racing World Championship Grand Prix FIM Endurance World Championship FIM Sidecar World Championship FIM CEV Moto2 European Championship FIM CEV Moto3 Junior World Championship MotoE World Cup FIM Cross-Country Rallies World Championship FIM World Enduro Championship International Six Days Enduro FIM SuperEnduro World Championship FIM Motocross World Championship Motocross des Nations FIM Supercross World Championship FIM Sidecarcross World Championship FIM Snowcross World Championship FIM Trial World Championship Trial des Nations FIM Speedway World Championship FIM Supermoto World Championship Supermoto of Nations FIM Freestyle Motocross World Championship Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile Outline of motorcycles and motorcycling FIM Official website
Kawasaki Heavy Industries Motorcycle & Engine
Kawasaki Heavy Industries Motorcycle & Engine Company is a division of Kawasaki Heavy Industries that produces motorcycles, ATVs, utility vehicles, jet ski personal watercraft, general-purpose gasoline engines. Before the 2011 fiscal year it was called Consumer Machinery, its slogan is "Let the good times roll!" Kawasaki's Aircraft Company began the development of a motorcycle engine in 1949. The development was completed in 1952 and mass production started in 1953; the engine was an air-cooled, 148 cc, OHV, four-stroke single cylinder with a maximum power of 4 PS at 4,000 rpm. In 1954, the first complete Kawasaki Motorcycle was produced under the name of Meihatsu, a subsidiary of Kawasaki Aircraft. In 1960, Kawasaki completed construction of a factory dedicated to motorcycle production and bought Meguro Motorcycles. Kawasaki's first ATV was the three-wheeled KLT200, which debuted in 1981, its first four-wheel ATV, the Bayou 185, was introduced in 1985 and in 1989, its first model with four-wheel-drive, the Bayou 300 4x4.
Today, Kawasaki's ATV line-up includes a wide range of recreational and utility ATVs. Kawasaki's MULE utility vehicle combines an ATV with a pick-up truck; the first MULE was produced in 1988. Kawasaki now calls their utility vehicles "side-by-side" vehicles. In 1973, Kawasaki introduced a limited production of stand-up models as designed by the recognized inventor of jet skis, Clayton Jacobsen II. In 1976, Kawasaki began mass production of the JS400-A. JS400s came with 400 cc two-stroke hulls based upon the previous limited release models, it became. In 1986 Kawasaki broadened the world of Jet Skis by introducing a two-person model with lean-in "sport" style handling and a 650 cc engine, dubbed the Kawasaki X2. In 1989, they introduced their first two-passenger "sit-down" model, the Tandem Sport with a step-through seating area. In 2003, Kawasaki celebrated the Jet Ski brand by releasing a special 30th anniversary edition of its current stand-up model, the SX-R, which has seen a revival of interest in stand-up jetskiing.
The X-2 has been updated, based on the SX-R platform and re-released in Japan. Kawasaki continues to produce three models including many four-stroke models; the four stroke engines have come on since the late 1990s. Jet Ski is the brand name of personal watercraft manufactured by Kawasaki; the name, has become a genericized trademark for any type of personal watercraft. Kawasaki's traditional racing colour is green. Many Kawasaki racing teams are called Team Green; the "Monster Energy Kawasaki Team Green™" provides a support program developing amateur motocross racers. Kawasaki's first title was with Dave Simmonds in 1969. Kawasaki dominated the 250 cc and 350 cc grand prix classes from 1978 to 1982 winning four titles in each category. With the introduction of the four-stroke engines into MotoGP in 2002, Kawasaki decided to take part in the new MotoGP World Championship. Kawasaki entered the championship in 2003 with 250 cc Grand Prix racer Harald Eckl's Team Eckl. In 2003, the Kawasaki Racing Team was formed after Kawasaki had developed their new 990cc ZX-RR bike throughout 2002 and raced it in the last three races of the 2002 MotoGP season.
The racing activities were managed by Harald Eckl's team based in Germany. It wasn't until 2004 that Kawasaki had two riders - Alex Hofmann and Shinya Nakano, who raced for the entire season. Nakano placed 3rd in Japan that year achieving Kawasaki's first podium finish in MotoGP. In 2007, Kawasaki split from Harald Eckl because of Eckl's involvement with a competitor's MotoGP activities, which forced Kawasaki to terminate the relationship immediately. Kawasaki formed Kawasaki Motors Racing, a European subsidiary of Kawasaki Heavy Industries responsible for managing the racing activities of the MotoGP team and any other motorcycle racing activities Kawasaki may enter in the future. For the first time since Kawasaki returned to the premier class of motorcycle racing, the team became a complete ‘in house’ factory team. On January 9, 2009, Kawasaki announced it had decided to "... suspend its MotoGP racing activities from 2009 season onward and reallocate management resources more efficiently". The company stated that it will continue racing activities using mass-produced motorcycles as well as supporting general race oriented consumers.
Grand Prix motorcycle racing Kawasaki's involvement in the World Superbike Championship started in 1990 with the USA-based Team Muzzy Kawasaki, which managed the superbike activities until 1996. Between 1997 and 2002, Kawasaki gave factory backing to the Harald Eckl's team, based in Germany, while Muzzy focused on the AMA Superbike domestic series. From 2003 to 2008, only privateer teams like Bertocchi and PSG-1 entered the world championship, with small factory support. In 2009, Kawasaki returned to SBK with Paul Bird Motorsport, but after three seasons, in 2012, Kawasaki switched the factory support to the Spanish-based Provec Racing team. Kawasaki has won several superbike racing championships, they won the rider's Superbike World Championship in 1993 with Scott Russell, two decades in 2013 with Tom Sykes, four times again 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018 with Jonathan Rea. The manufacturer has claimed nine AMA Superbike Championships with riders such as Eddie Lawson and Wayne Rainey. During the 1990s, they dominated the Endurance World Championship.
Superbike World ChampionshipAMA Superbike ChampionshipEndurance World Championship Kawasaki machine
Motorcycle Hall of Fame
The AMA Motorcycle Hall of Fame Museum is an offshoot of the American Motorcyclist Association, recognizing individuals who have contributed to motorcycle sport, motorcycle construction, or motorcycling in general. It displays motorcycles, riding gear, memorabilia; the museum is located in Pickerington, United States. Official website