Jefferson County, Kansas

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Jefferson County, Kansas
County
Jefferson county courthouse kansas.jpg
Jefferson County Courthouse in Oskaloosa
Map of Kansas highlighting Jefferson County
Location in the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded August 25, 1855
Named for Thomas Jefferson
Seat Oskaloosa
Largest city Valley Falls
Area
 • Total 557 sq mi (1,443 km2)
 • Land 533 sq mi (1,380 km2)
 • Water 24 sq mi (62 km2), 4.3%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 18,897
 • Density 36/sq mi (14/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website jfcountyks.com

Jefferson County (county code JF) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. At the 2010 census, the county population was 19,126,[1] its county seat is Oskaloosa,[2] and its most populous city is Valley Falls.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America; in 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century[edit]

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles; in 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1855, Jefferson County was established, and was named for President Thomas Jefferson.[3] Settlement of the county was slowed by events prior to and during the Civil War, but the present day unincorporated community of Thompsonville (3 miles northwest of Perry on the Delaware River) was the first established in 1851 by Mormon settlers who initially refused to accompany the main group led by Brigham Young to the Salt Lake Valley. The settlement was first abandoned due to the violence resulting from the border wars, but was re-established when the Civil War ended.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 557 square miles (1,440 km2), of which 533 square miles (1,380 km2) is land and 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2) (4.3%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 4,459
1870 12,526 180.9%
1880 15,563 24.2%
1890 16,620 6.8%
1900 17,533 5.5%
1910 15,826 −9.7%
1920 14,750 −6.8%
1930 14,129 −4.2%
1940 12,718 −10.0%
1950 11,084 −12.8%
1960 11,252 1.5%
1970 11,945 6.2%
1980 15,207 27.3%
1990 15,905 4.6%
2000 18,426 15.9%
2010 19,126 3.8%
Est. 2016 18,897 [5] −1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2016[1]

Jefferson County is included in the Topeka, KS Metropolitan Statistical Area.

At the 2000 Census, there were 18,426 people, 6,830 households and 5,190 families residing in the county, the population density was 34 per square mile (13/km²). There were 7,491 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.70% White, 0.92% Native American, 0.37% Black or African American, 0.17% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.42% from other races, and 1.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.28% of the population.

There were 6,830 households of which 35.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.20% were married couples living together, 7.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.00% were non-families. 20.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.07.

27.40% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 24.90% from 45 to 64, and 12.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years, for every 100 females there were 102.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.90 males.

The median household income was $45,535 and the median family income was $50,557. Males had a median income of $36,174 compared with $25,468 for females, the per capita income for the county was $19,373. About 5.30% of families and 6.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.90% of those under age 18 and 7.70% of those age 65 or over.

Law and government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[10]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 62.5% 5,213 30.2% 2,518 7.3% 606
2012 60.2% 4,827 37.2% 2,977 2.6% 209
2008 58.3% 5,220 39.6% 3,542 2.1% 188
2004 61.5% 5,408 37.0% 3,253 1.5% 132
2000 56.2% 4,423 38.1% 3,000 5.8% 454
1996 49.3% 3,781 36.0% 2,757 14.7% 1,130
1992 33.0% 2,569 32.6% 2,538 34.4% 2,673
1988 55.5% 3,605 43.3% 2,810 1.2% 77
1984 68.9% 4,524 30.3% 1,990 0.8% 49
1980 64.6% 4,046 28.4% 1,776 7.0% 441
1976 55.1% 3,225 42.2% 2,470 2.7% 156
1972 72.7% 3,679 24.4% 1,237 2.9% 145
1968 56.6% 2,781 27.6% 1,355 15.9% 779
1964 53.1% 2,380 46.1% 2,066 0.9% 39
1960 65.7% 3,353 34.1% 1,739 0.2% 9
1956 70.2% 3,677 29.3% 1,536 0.4% 22
1952 73.5% 3,980 26.1% 1,411 0.5% 26
1948 59.0% 2,986 39.7% 2,010 1.2% 62
1944 68.7% 3,504 30.9% 1,575 0.4% 19
1940 65.8% 4,330 33.6% 2,212 0.6% 38
1936 54.3% 3,711 45.4% 3,105 0.4% 25
1932 47.4% 2,974 50.8% 3,185 1.8% 112
1928 74.8% 4,810 24.9% 1,601 0.3% 22
1924 72.7% 4,422 21.7% 1,320 5.6% 340
1920 68.9% 3,463 30.5% 1,535 0.6% 31
1916 50.5% 3,174 46.4% 2,919 3.1% 193
1912 29.8% 1,155 39.6% 1,537 30.7% 1,190
1908 55.6% 2,270 42.1% 1,720 2.3% 95
1904 65.3% 2,568 30.5% 1,199 4.3% 168
1900 54.7% 2,374 44.0% 1,912 1.3% 57
1896 50.0% 2,322 49.0% 2,276 1.0% 47
1892 50.0% 2,026 50.0% 2,030[a]
1888 57.0% 2,268 40.2% 1,601 2.8% 110

Like all of Kansas outside the eastern cities, Jefferson County is a Republican stronghold, having not been won by a Democrat since Lyndon Johnson’s 1964 landslide – although it was one of three Kansas counties to give a plurality to Ross Perot in 1992.

Jefferson County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[11]

Education[edit]

Unified school districts[edit]

Communities[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Jefferson County (map legend)

Cities[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Jefferson County is divided into twelve townships. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the townships include those of the cities; in the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Delaware 17425 Valley Falls 2,034 9 (23) 229 (88) 0 (0) 0.11% 39°21′6″N 95°28′31″W / 39.35167°N 95.47528°W / 39.35167; -95.47528
Fairview 22525 Rural Ozawkie 1,510 22 (56) 70 (27) 20 (8) 22.20% 39°10′49″N 95°26′50″W / 39.18028°N 95.44722°W / 39.18028; -95.44722
Jefferson 35250 Winchester 1,240 8 (21) 151 (58) 0 (0) 0.24% 39°19′37″N 95°16′11″W / 39.32694°N 95.26972°W / 39.32694; -95.26972
Kaw 36125 Grantville 1,409 16 (43) 86 (33) 2 (1) 1.78% 39°5′41″N 95°32′55″W / 39.09472°N 95.54861°W / 39.09472; -95.54861
Kentucky 36575 Perry 1,576 17 (44) 93 (36) 14 (5) 13.18% 39°5′18″N 95°24′42″W / 39.08833°N 95.41167°W / 39.08833; -95.41167
Norton 51475 Nortonville 955 9 (25) 101 (39) 0 (0) 0.30% 39°24′13″N 95°18′47″W / 39.40361°N 95.31306°W / 39.40361; -95.31306
Oskaloosa 53400 Oskaloosa 2,142 14 (37) 149 (58) 0 (0) 0.17% 39°13′12″N 95°18′58″W / 39.22000°N 95.31611°W / 39.22000; -95.31611
Ozawkie 53950 Ozawkie 1,408 15 (38) 97 (37) 14 (5) 12.74% 39°14′32″N 95°26′3″W / 39.24222°N 95.43417°W / 39.24222; -95.43417
Rock Creek 60575 Meriden 2,718 19 (50) 140 (54) 1 (1) 0.92% 39°12′52″N 95°32′58″W / 39.21444°N 95.54944°W / 39.21444; -95.54944
Rural 61700 Williamstown 804 10 (25) 82 (32) 1 (0) 1.14% 39°4′31″N 95°18′52″W / 39.07528°N 95.31444°W / 39.07528; -95.31444
Sarcoxie 63100 Rural Lawrence 958 12 (31) 80 (31) 0 (0) 0.45% 39°5′13″N 95°14′50″W / 39.08694°N 95.24722°W / 39.08694; -95.24722
Union 72150 McLouth 1,672 15 (39) 111 (43) 0 (0) 0.30% 39°12′41″N 95°12′26″W / 39.21139°N 95.20722°W / 39.21139; -95.20722
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. Archived from the original on 2002-08-02. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 12, 2011. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 168. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  10. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  11. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This comprises 1,973 votes (48.6%) were for Populist James B. Weaver (who was supported by the state’s Democrats) and 57 votes (1.4%) for Prohibition Party candidate John Bidwell.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

County
Maps

Coordinates: 39°13′N 95°24′W / 39.217°N 95.400°W / 39.217; -95.400