Douglas Dam is a hydroelectric dam on the French Broad River in Sevier County, Tennessee, in the southeastern United States. The dam is operated by the Tennessee Valley Authority, which built the dam in record time in the early 1940s to meet emergency energy demands at the height of World War II. Douglas Dam is a straight reinforced concrete gravity-type dam 1705 feet long and 202 feet high, impounding the 28,420-acre Douglas Lake; the dam was named for a cliff overlooking the dam site prior to construction. The French Broad River winds its way westward from the Appalachian Mountains, gaining considerable strength after absorbing the Pigeon River and Nolichucky River near Newport before joining with the Holston River at Knoxville to form the Tennessee River. Douglas Dam is located 32 miles above the mouth of the French Broad; the area is a geological border between the Foothills of the Great Smoky Mountains and the Appalachian Ridge-and-Valley range. The reservoir includes parts of Sevier, Jefferson and Cocke counties.
Road access is available by Tennessee State Hwy 338. Interstate 40 passes a few miles to the north; the dam does not have any navigational locks. During 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt requested Congress to allocate funding for a dam on the French Broad River in East Tennessee. After the Attack on Pearl Harbor brought the United States into World War II, construction of this dam became a high priority in order to generate hydroelectric power for national defense purposes in the production of aluminum and magnesium – vital metals for wartime warplane-manufacturing; when TVA first asked Congress for the funds to construct Douglas Dam in late 1941, U. S. Senator Kenneth McKellar of Tennessee opposed the project because it would flood some 40 square miles of fertile farmland important to the local food canning industry. McKellar succeeded in blocking this project for two months, but his opposition to it was overridden due to needs of national defense; the Office of Production Management predicted that wartime industrial production would peak in 1943, that the generating capacity of existing and planned TVA projects would be short by 230,000 kilowatts of electric power.
Congress approved the project in January 1942 and President Roosevelt signed the bill into law on January 30, 1942. Construction began on February 2 as a rush project, it utilized blueprints, civil engineers, construction workers, construction machinery from the nearby Cherokee Dam, which had just been completed a few weeks earlier in late 1941; the construction of the Douglas Dam and its accompanying reservoir required the purchase of 33,160 acres of land, 5,182 acres of which were forested and had to be cleared. This project required the relocation of 525 families and 32 cemeteries, the rerouting of several miles of roads. Supplies for the construction of the dam were hauled to the site by the Smoky Mountain Railroad, which had constructed a spur line to the site from nearby Sevierville. Profits from supporting the dam construction saved this railroad from bankruptcy; the Douglas Project required the construction of ten smaller earthen saddle dams to fill in gaps along the adjacent ridgeline and permit a higher water elevation than would otherwise be possible.
Most of these saddle dams are located in the hills southeast of the main dam, although one protects downtown Dandridge, which along with the communities of Shady Grove, Oak Grove, Rankin, was scheduled to be flooded. However, the citizens of Dandridge appealed to the First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt, pointing out that this town was the only place in the United States named for Martha Washington, the wife of the first president George Washington. Mrs. Roosevelt made certain that a saddle dam was built to protect the town of Dandridge from flooding; the saddle dam was built of earthen fill, reinforced on its lakeside by gravel and riprap. In spite of a four-week work delay caused by flooding, the Douglas Dam was completed and its floodgates were closed on February 19, 1943, just 382 days after the construction began, setting a world record for a project of its size, its first electric generator went on-line on March 21, 1943, its second one went on-line on January 1, 1944. Its powerhouse operated at maximum capacity for most of its first year of operation.
After its completion, the Douglas Dam powerhouse furnished electric power for two critical war industries, aluminum production and the Manhattan Project's uranium enrichment operations at nearby Oak Ridge. The Douglas Dam powerhouse is a hydroelectric power producer with four large water turbines that drive four large electric generators, their combined peak electric power-production capacity is 146,000 kilowatts. In addition to hydroelectric generation, there are several secondary purposes of the Douglas dam and reservoir. One of these is flood control for the French Broad River and for the Tennessee River downstream. Douglas Lake has a total capacity of 1,461,000 acre⋅ft of water, of which 1,081,880 acre feet is reserved for flood control; the water stored in Douglas Lake serves an important purpose during extended dry periods and droughts in East Tennessee and western North Carolina. Water is released from this and other dams on the upper tributaries of the Tennessee River in order to maintain an eight-foot-deep navigation channel for barges on the inland waterway of the river from Knoxville down to its mouth at the Ohio River.
If it were not for these releases of water, parts of the Tennessee River would become unnavigable. Furthermore, the water, released is available for all
U.S. Route 25E
U. S. Route 25E is the eastern branch of U. S. Route 25 from Newport, where US 25 splits into US 25E and US 25W, to North Corbin, where the two highways rejoin; the road, continues as US 25E for 2 miles until it joins Interstate 75 in North Corbin. All of US 25E in Tennessee is now a National Scenic Byway. A portion of US 25E in Tennessee is designated as Appalachian Development Corridor S; the corridor follows US 25E between I-81 in White State Route 63 in Harrogate. US 25E has been included in the U. S. Highway System since the system's inception in 1926. US 25E is concurrent with unsigned Tennessee State Route 32 for its entire length in Tennessee. Northbound US 25 and westbound US 70 leave Newport concurrent with one another. At an intersection west of town, US 25 splits into two highways: US 25E, which heads north from this point, US 25W, which continues west along US 70. US 25E crosses over Douglas Lake south of Baneberry. Between White Pine and Witt, the highway has an interchange with Interstate 81.
North of the Interstate, the road widens out to four lanes, receives the Appalachian Development designation "Corridor S". US 25E intersects US 11E east of Morristown, it crosses Cherokee Lake. Near Bean Station, US 25E joins US 11W; the two roads split 3 miles west of Bean Station, US 25E continues northwest to Tazewell. Northwest of Tazewell, the road bridges the Powell River, passes through Harrogate. In the town of Cumberland Gap, Tennessee, US 25E serves as the western terminus of US 58. US 25E used that highway en route to the Cumberland Gap prior to 1996, however, it now uses a new highway leading to the Cumberland Gap Tunnel, freeing up a portion of road that US 58 now uses. US 25E passes through the tunnel, emerging on the other side in Kentucky. US 25E remains a multilane divided highway for its entire extent in Kentucky. Upon departing the tunnel, the road heads west to the town of Middlesboro, where it intersects KY 74. US 25E turns north at Middlesboro toward the county seat of Bell County.
In Pineville, the route is the western terminus of US 119. US 25E departs Pineville and heads northwest, indirectly serving Tinsley via KY 92, crossing into Knox County, bypassing Flat Lick to the west; the route makes an S-shaped curve, dipping south turning back northwest as it approaches Barbourville. After serving the east side of Barbourville, the highway passes near Heidrick and runs through Baileys Switch. Between Baileys Switch and Gray, US 25E turns more east–west. After running through Gray, the route serves as the northern terminus of KY 3041; the road reunites with US 25W north of Corbin, the unsuffixed US 25 continues to points north. However, the US 25E designation continues west to Interstate 75, where it ends at Exit 29. Before the Cumberland Gap Tunnel was opened in 1996, US 25E passed through the Cumberland Gap in Virginia. Prior to the U. S. highway system's arrival, Virginia's State Highway 10 began at the Cumberland Gap and proceeded to Bristol. A short spur south to Tennessee was soon added, becoming State Route 107 in the 1923 renumbering and State Route 100 in the 1928 renumbering.
Early U. S. Highway planning assigned the number U. S. Route 411 to SR 10 through Cumberland Gap to Kentucky, no number to SR 107. By the final 1926 plan, US 411 was truncated to Cumberland Gap, US 25E ran from Tennessee to Kentucky along SR 10 and SR 107; the State Route numbers were dropped in the 1933 renumbering. The Cumberland Gap Tunnel opened in 1996 bypassing Cumberland Gap and Virginia. U. S. Route 58 was moved to a new alignment, meeting US 25E in Tennessee, US 25E was decommissioned through Virginia; as it lay within the boundaries of the Cumberland Gap National Historical Park, the National Park Service now controls the former road, decided to return it to its pre-pavement state. The pavement was torn up, old US 25E is now a dirt path; the northern section of US 25E from the Kentucky State line to Tazewell, along with the junctioning Tennessee SR-33 between Tazewell and Knoxville, were the inspiration for the song "The Ballad of Thunder Road", in which a moonshiner runs illegal whiskey from Kentucky to Tennessee along this route.
U. S. Roads portal Kentucky portal Tennessee portal US 25 at KentuckyRoads.com Kentucky Transportation Cabinet Tennessee Department of Transportation
Sevierville is a city in and the county seat of Sevier County, located in Eastern Tennessee. The population was 14,807 at the 2010 United States Census and 16,355 according to the 2014 census estimate. Native Americans of the Woodland period were among the first human inhabitants of what is now Sevierville, they arrived some time around 200 A. D. and lived in villages scattered around the area known as Forks-of-the-River. Between 1200 and 1500 A. D. during the Dallas Phase of the Mississippian period, a group of Native Americans established McMahan Mound Site, a large village centered on a platform mound and surrounded by a palisade just above the confluence of the West Fork and the Little Pigeon River. This mound was 16 feet high and 240 feet across. An excavation in 1881 unearthed burial sites, arrowheads, a marble pipe, glass beads and engraved objects. At the time of this first excavation, the mound was located on a farm owned by the McMahan family, was thus given the name "McMahan Indian Mound."
By the early 18th century, the Cherokee controlled much of the Tennessee side of the Smokies and had established a series of settlements along the Little Tennessee River. A section of the Great Indian Warpath forked at the mouth of Boyd's Creek, just north of Sevierville; the main branch crossed the French Broad and continued along Dumplin Creek to the Nolichucky basin in northeastern Tennessee. The other branch, known as the Tuckaleechee and Southeastern Trail, turned south along the West Fork of the Little Pigeon River; this second branch forked again at modern-day Pigeon Forge, with the main trail turning east en route to Little River and the other branch, known as Indian Gap Trail, crossing the crest of the Smokies to the south and descending into the Oconaluftee area of North Carolina. The various Cherokee trails crossing Sevier County brought the first Euro-American traders and settlers to the area. European long hunters and traders arrived in the Sevierville area in the mid-18th century.
Isaac Thomas, the most notable of these early traders, was well respected by the Cherokee and may have lived at the Overhill town of Chota at one time. Europeans like Thomas were in the area in search of animal furs, which they exchanged for manufactured goods; as settlers began to trickle into East Tennessee, relations with the Cherokee began to turn hostile. During the Revolutionary War, the Cherokee, who had aligned themselves with the British, launched sporadic attacks against the sparse settlements in the Tennessee Valley. In December 1780, Col. John Sevier, fresh off a victory against the British at King's Mountain, launched a punitive expedition against the Cherokee. Sevier defeated the Cherokee at the Battle of Boyd's Creek and proceeded to destroy several Cherokee settlements along the Little Tennessee. A temporary truce secured by James White in 1783 led to an influx of Euro-American settlers in the French Broad valley. Hugh Henry erected a small fort near the mouth of Dumplin Creek in 1782 known as Henry's Station.
He was joined the following year by Samuel Newell, who established Newell's Station along Boyd's Creek, Joshua Gist, who settled near the creek's mouth. Other early forts in the area included Willson's Station at the confluence of the East and Middle Fork of the Little Pigeon and Wear's Fort at the junction of the Southeastern and Tuckaleechee Trail and Indian Gap Trail; the Cherokee signed away all rights to what is now Sevier County in the 1785 Treaty of Dumplin, negotiated at Henry's Station. In 1783, Isaac Thomas established a farm, trading post, tavern at the confluence of the West Fork and the Little Pigeon River, he was joined shortly thereafter by Spencer Clack and James McMahan, a community known as "Forks of the Little Pigeon" developed around them. In 1789, Reverend Richard Wood established Forks-of-the-River Baptist Church, which reported a congregation of 22 in 1790. By 1795, the congregation had 94 members. Sevier County was named after John Sevier. At a meeting at Thomas' house the following year, the Forks-of-the-Little-Pigeon area was chosen as the county seat and renamed "Sevierville."
James McMahan donated a 25-acre tract of land for erecting a town square. This tract was parceled out into lots of 0.5 acres that purchasers were required to build brick, framed, or stone structures on. The first Sevier County Courthouse was built in 1796. According to local legend, court was held in a flea-infested abandoned stable before its construction; the lore suggests that irritated lawyers paid an unknown person a bottle of whiskey to burn down the stable, forcing the new county to build an actual courthouse. As the county grew, several large farms were established in the fertile Boyd's Creek area. In 1792, Andrew Evans purchased a tract of land near the mouth of Boyd's Creek and built a ferry near the site of the old ford. In 1798, he sold the farm to John Brabson, it became known as Brabson's Ferry Plantation. In the early 1790s, Thomas Buckingham established a large farm between Sevierville, he went on to become the county's first sheriff. In the early 19th century, Timothy Chandler and his son, John Chandler, established the Wheatlands plantation in Boyd's Creek.
As towns situated along the French Broad are connected via waterway to New Orleans, flatboat trade flourished along the river in the early 19th century. In 1793, James Hubbert, who lived along Dumplin Creek, established Hubbert's Flat Landing to trade with flatboats moving up and down the river. In the early 19th century and Asheville were connected via Route 17, a crude road that followed the banks of the French Broad; this new road gave Tennessee's cattle drovers greater acc
Hamblen County, Tennessee
Hamblen County is a county located in the U. S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 62,544, its county seat and only Incorporated city is Morristown. Hamblen County is part of the Morristown, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Knoxville-Morristown-Sevierville, TN Combined Statistical Area. Hamblen County was created in 1870 from parts of Jefferson and Greene counties; the county is named in honor of Hezekiah Hamblen, an early settler, landowner and member of the Hawkins County Court for many years. Governor Dewitt Clinton Senter, a resident of the county, used his influence to assist in its establishment; the Hamblen County Courthouse was completed in 1874. During World War 1, Hamblen County was the only county in the United States to have two Medal of Honor recipients. Edward R. Talley and Calvin Ward both earned them while fighting on the Western Front. Bethesda Presbyterian Church Crockett Tavern Museum Rose Center According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 176 square miles, of which 161 square miles is land and 15 square miles is water.
It is the third-smallest county in Tennessee by land fourth-smallest by total area. Hawkins County Greene County Cocke County Jefferson County Grainger County Panther Creek State Park Rankin Wildlife Management Area I-81 US 11E US 25E SR 66 SR 113 SR 160 SR 340 SR 341 SR 342 SR 343 SR 344 As of the census of 2010, there were 62,544 people, 29,693 households, 17,161 families residing in the county; the population density was 388 people per square mile. There were 24,560 housing units at an average density of 153 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 84.2% White, 10.7% Hispanic or Latino, 4% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander. There were 24,560 households out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.1% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals living alone and 11.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.98. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.30% under the age of 20, 5.7% from 20 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $39,807, the median income for a family was $48,353. Males had a median income of $36,166 versus $27,094 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,162. 17.7% of the population and 13.2% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 15.7% are under the age of 65 and 19.3% are 65 or older. Morristown Alpha Lowland Russellville Talbott Whitesburg National Register of Historic Places listings in Hamblen County, Tennessee Official site Morristown Area Chamber of Commerce The Citizen Tribune, Morristown's newspaper Hamblen County Board of Education Hamblen County TNGenWeb site The Morristown-Hamblen Public Library website Hamblen County at Curlie
Interstate 40 in Tennessee
Interstate 40 traverses the entirety of the state of Tennessee from west to east, running from the Mississippi River at the Arkansas border to the northern base of the Great Smoky Mountains at the North Carolina border. The road connects Tennessee's three largest cities—Memphis and Knoxville—and crosses all of Tennessee's physiographical provinces and Grand Divisions—the Mississippi Embayment and Gulf Coastal Plain in West Tennessee, the Highland Rim and Nashville Basin in Middle Tennessee, the Cumberland Plateau, Appalachian Valley and Ridge Province, Blue Ridge Province in East Tennessee; the Tennessee section of I-40 is 452 miles long, the longest of any state. I-40 enters Tennessee from Arkansas via the six lane Hernando de Soto Bridge, which spans the Mississippi River at river mile 736. Within the city of Memphis, the interstate passes across the southern half of Mud Island before crossing the Wolf River Harbor into downtown Memphis. Throughout Memphis, the highway contains a minimum of six through lanes, except through major interchanges.
About one mile from the state line is an interchange with the western terminus of Interstate 240, where I-40 abruptly turns north, following a route designated as part of I-240. About one mile the highway has an interchange with State Route 300, a connector to US 51 and the future Interstate 69. At this interchange, the interstate turns east and enters a stretch designated as the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Expressway. I-40 crosses the Wolf River three times in Memphis as the road passes near the neighborhoods of Frayser and Raleigh and turns southeast. A few miles I-40 has an interchange with I-240 southbound and Sam Cooper Boulevard eastbound, turns sharp northeast, leaving Memphis. For the next several miles the highway is known as the Isaac Hayes Memorial Highway and is eight lanes, the left lanes functioning as HOV lanes during rush hour, passing through several major suburbs of Memphis, including Bartlett and Lakeland. At exit 18, with US 64, the highway narrows to six lanes, to four lanes a short distance beyond.
Several miles near Arlington, is a cloverleaf interchange with I-269. East of Arlington, I-40 crosses the Loosahatchie River and leaves the Memphis area, traversing through the Gulf Coastal Plain in a flat and straight stretch of farmland with some rural woodlands, bypassing most cities and communities. South of Brownsville, about 40 miles east of Memphis, the highway turns north and enters the Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge and crosses the Hatchie River. Upon exiting the refuge, I-40 passes just southeast of Brownsville; the interstate continues for the next 20 miles though further agricultural terrain, at mile marker 78, the crosses the South Fork of the Forked Deer River into Jackson. Passing through the northern half of the city, I-40 has a total of six exits in Jackson. From Jackson, I-40 continues east northeast through a sparsely populated area of farmland and woodlands, near the community of Parkers Crossroads, has an interchange with SR 22, a major north-south connector route in west Tennessee.
Several miles I-40 proceeds for several miles through the northern half of the Natchez Trace State Park, has an interchange with US 641/SR 69, another major north-south corridor, at milepost 126. The route descends about 400 feet on a steep grade over the course of a mile before crossing the Tennessee River into Middle Tennessee on the Jimmy Mann Evans Memorial Bridge. East of the Tennessee River, I-40 traverses through vast woodlands in the rugged hills of the Western Highland Rim for a considerable distance; this section is characterized by several noticeable upgrades and downgrades, with minor curves. About 35 miles the highway passes southeast of Dickson, now within the Nashville metropolitan area. A few miles approximately 35 miles west of Nashville, is the western terminus of Interstate 840, the outer southern beltway around Nashville; the highway continues through woodlands and descends into the Nashville Basin between mile markers 186 and 188. Around Bellevue, the route widens to six lanes.
About ten miles I-40 has an interchange with the western terminus of State Route 155, the northern controlled-access beltway around Nashville. About two miles is the western terminus of I-440, the southern loop around central Nashville. Two miles I-40 enters Downtown Nashville, has interchanges with several major highways and surface roads. In Nashville, I-40 shares brief concurrences first with I-65 and I-24, before splitting off; the eastern terminus of I-440 is directly accessible from the easternmost interchange with I-24. About 1.5 miles I-40 has an interchange with SR 155 near the Nashville International Airport. The route continues east for the next 20 miles through a still-developing area with eight lanes, the left lanes functioning as HOV lanes during rush hour, passing near the suburbs of Mount Juliet and Gallatin. At mile 219, I-40 crosses the Stones River just downstream from the Percy Priest Dam. About 25 miles east of Nashville, the route narrows back to four lanes and has an interchange with the eastern terminus of I-840 a few miles east of Lebanon.
The interstate continues for 50 miles across open farmland, passing near small communities. In Smith County between mileposts 263 and 266, I-40 crosses the meandering Caney Fork River five times before ascending the Eastern Highland Rim, reaching 1,000 feet for the first time in the state near Silver Point; the interstate remains flat across the plateau, beginning at the edge of the table-top rim at mile marker 27
The Territory South of the River Ohio, more known as the Southwest Territory, was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from May 26, 1790, until June 1, 1796, when it was admitted to the United States as the State of Tennessee. The Southwest Territory was created by the Southwest Ordinance from lands of the Washington District, ceded to the U. S. federal government by North Carolina. The territory's lone governor was William Blount; the establishment of the Southwest Territory followed a series of efforts by North Carolina's trans-Appalachian residents to form a separate political entity with the Watauga Association, with the failed State of Franklin. North Carolina ceded these lands in April 1790 as payment of obligations owed to the federal government; the territory's residents welcomed the cession, believing the federal government would provide better protection from Indian hostilities. The federal government paid little attention to the territory, increasing its residents' desire for full statehood.
Along with Blount, a number of individuals who played prominent roles in early Tennessee history served in the Southwest Territory's administration. These included John Sevier, James Robertson, Griffith Rutherford, James Winchester, Archibald Roane, John McNairy, Joseph McMinn and Andrew Jackson. During the colonial period, land that would become the Southwest Territory was part of North Carolina's land patent; the Blue Ridge Mountains, which rise along the modern Tennessee-North Carolina border, hindered North Carolina from pursuing any lasting interest in the territory. Trade, political interest, settlement came from Virginia and South Carolina, though refugees from the Regulator War began arriving from North Carolina in the early 1770s; the Watauga Association was a semi-autonomous government created in 1772 by frontier settlers living along the Watauga River in what is present day Elizabethton, Tennessee. The colony was established on Cherokee-owned land in which the Watauga and Nolichucky settlers had negotiated a 10-year lease directly with the Indians.
Fort Watauga was established on the Watauga River at Sycamore Shoals as a trade center of the settlements. In March 1775, land speculator and North Carolina judge Richard Henderson met with more than 1,200 Cherokees at Sycamore Shoals. Included at the gathering were Cherokee leaders such as Attacullaculla and Dragging Canoe; the meeting resulted in the "Treaty of Sycamore Shoals", in which Henderson purchased from the Cherokee all the land situated south of the Ohio River and lying between the Cumberland River, the Cumberland Mountains, the Kentucky River. This land, which encompassed 20 million acres, became known as the Transylvania Purchase. Henderson's land deal was found to be in violation of North Carolina and Virginia law, as well as the Royal Proclamation of 1763, which had prohibited the private purchase of American Indian land. Both North Carolina and Virginia considered the trans-Appalachian settlements illegal, refused to annex them. At the onset of the American War for Independence in 1776, the settlers, who vigorously supported the Patriot cause, organized themselves into the "Washington District" and formed a committee of safety to govern it.
In July 1776, Dragging Canoe and the faction of the Cherokee opposed to the Transylvania Purchase aligned with the British and launched an invasion of the Watauga settlements, targeting Fort Watauga at modern Elizabethton and Eaton's Station near modern Kingsport. After the settlers thwarted the attacks, North Carolina agreed to annex the settlements as the Washington District. In September 1780, a large group of trans-Appalachian settlers, led by William Campbell, John Sevier and Isaac Shelby, assembled at Sycamore Shoals in response to a British threat to attack frontier settlements. Known as the Overmountain Men, the settlers marched across the mountains to South Carolina, where they engaged and defeated a loyalist force led by Patrick Ferguson at the Battle of Kings Mountain. Overmountain Men would take part in the Battle of Musgrove Mill and the Battle of Cowpens. In 1784, North Carolina ceded control of the Overmountain settlements following a hotly contested vote; the cession was rescinded that year, but not before some of the settlers had organized the State of Franklin, which sought statehood.
John Sevier was named governor and the area began operating as an independent state not recognized by the Congress of the Confederation. Many Overmountain settlers, led by John Tipton, remained loyal to North Carolina, quarreled with the Franklinites. Following Tipton's defeat of Sevier at the "Battle of Franklin" in early 1788, the State of Franklin movement declined; the Franklinites had agreed to rejoin North Carolina by early 1789. North Carolina ratified the United States Constitution on November 21, 1789. On December 22, the state legislature voted to cede the Overmountain settlements as payment of its obligations to the new federal government. Congress accepted the cession during its first session on April 2, 1790, when it passed "An Act to Accept a Cession of the Claims of the State of North Carolina to a Certain District of Western Territory". On May 26, 1790, Congress passed an act organizing the new cession as the "Territory of the United States South of the River Ohio," which consisted of modern Tennessee, with the exception of minor boundary changes.
However, most of the new territory was under Indian control, with territorial administration covering two unconnected areas— the Washington District in what is now northeast Tennessee, the Mero District around Nashville. The act merged the office of territorial gov