Orson Scott Card
Orson Scott Card is an American novelist, public speaker and columnist. He is known best for science fiction, his novel Ender's Game and its sequel Speaker for the Dead both won Hugo and Nebula Awards, making Card the only author to win both science fiction's top U. S. prizes in consecutive years. A feature film adaptation of Ender's Game, which Card co-produced, was released in 2013. Card is a professor of English at Southern Virginia University, has written two books on creative writing, hosts writing bootcamps and workshops, serves as a judge in the Writers of the Future contest. A great-great-grandson of Brigham Young, Card is a practicing member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. In addition to producing a large body of fiction works, he has offered political and social commentary in his columns and other writing. Card is the son of Willard Richards Card and Peggy Jane, the third of six children and the older brother of composer and arranger Arlen Card. Card was born in Richland and grew up in Santa Clara, California as well as Mesa and Orem, Utah.
He served as a missionary for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints in Brazil and graduated from Brigham Young University and the University of Utah. D. program at the University of Notre Dame. For part of the 1970s Card worked as an associate editor of the Ensign, an official magazine of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Influences on his fiction include Heinlein, Mitchell, Asimov and Bradbury. Card lives in Greensboro, North Carolina, a place that has played a significant role in Ender's Game and many of his other works. Card began his writing career as a poet, studying with Clinton F. Larson at BYU. During his studies as a theater major, he began "doctoring" scripts, adapting fiction for readers theater production, writing his own one-act and full-length plays, several of which were produced by faculty directors at BYU, he explored fiction writing, beginning with stories that evolved into The Worthing Saga. After returning to Provo, Utah from his Church of Jesus Christ mission in Brazil, Card started the Utah Valley Repertory Theatre Company, which for two summers produced plays at "the Castle", a Depression-era outdoor amphitheater behind the state psychiatric hospital in Provo.
Meanwhile, he took part-time employment as a proofreader at BYU Press made the jump to full-time employment as a copy editor. In 1976, in the midst of a paid role performing in the church's musical celebrating America's Bicentennial, he secured employment as an assistant editor at the Ensign, moved to Salt Lake City, it was while working at Ensign. His short story "Gert Fram" appeared in the July 1977 fine arts issue of that magazine under the pseudonym Byron Walley, he wrote the short story "Ender's Game" while working at the BYU press, submitted it to several publications. The idea for the novel of the same title came from the short story about a school where boys can fight in space, it was purchased by Ben Bova at Analog Science Fiction and Fact and published in the August 1977 issue. Meanwhile, he started writing half-hour audioplays on LDS Church history, the New Testament, other subjects for Living Scriptures in Ogden, Utah, he completed his master's degree in English at the University of Utah in 1981 and began a doctoral program at the University of Notre Dame, but the recession of the early 1980s caused the flow of new book contracts to temporarily dry up.
He returned to full-time employment as the book editor for Compute! magazine in Greensboro, North Carolina, in 1983. In October of that year, a new contract for the Alvin Maker "trilogy" allowed him to return to freelancing. Ender's Game and its sequel Speaker for the Dead were both awarded the Hugo Award and the Nebula Award, making Card the only author to win both of science fiction's top prizes in consecutive years. Card continued the series with Xenocide, Children of the Mind, Ender's Shadow, Shadow of the Hegemon, Shadow Puppets, "First Meetings in the Enderverse", Shadow of the Giant, A War of Gifts, Ender in Exile, a book that takes place after Ender's Game and before Speaker for the Dead. Card has announced his plan to write Shadows Alive, a book that connects the "Shadow" series and "Speaker" series together. Shadows in Flight serves as a bridge towards this final book, he co-wrote the formic war novels: Earth Unaware, Earth Afire, Earth Awakens and The Swarm as prequels to the Ender novels, with two more novels in the pipeline, which will result in two prequel formic war trilogies.
These trilogies relay, among the history of Mazer Rackham. Children of the Fleet is the first novel in a new sequel series, called Fleet School. In 2008 Card announced that Ender's Game would be made into a movie, but that he did not have a director lined up, it was to be produced by Chartoff Productions, Card was writing the screenplay himself. The film was made several years and released in 2013, with Asa Butterfield in the title role and Gavin Hood directing. Other works include the alternative histories The Tales of Alvin Maker, Pastwatch: The Redemption of Christopher Columbus, The Homecoming Saga, Hidd
Geoffrey Charles Ryman is a Canadian writer of science fiction, fantasy and historical fiction. Ryman was born in Canada and moved to the United States at age 11, he earned degrees in History and English at UCLA moved to England in 1973, where he has lived most of his life. He is gay. In addition to being an author, Ryman started a web design team for the UK government at the Central Office of Information in 1994, he led the teams that designed the first official British Monarchy and 10 Downing Street websites, worked on the UK government's flagship website www.direct.gov.uk. Ryman says he knew he was a writer "before could talk", with his first work published in his mother's newspaper column at six years of age, he is best known for his science fiction. Much of Ryman's work is based on travels to Cambodia; the first of these The Unconquered Country was winner of the World Fantasy Award and British Science Fiction Association Award. His novel The King's Last Song was set both in the Angkor Wat era and the time after Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge.
Ryman has written and performed in several plays based on works of other writers. He was guest of honour at Novacon in 1989 and has twice been a guest speaker at Microcon, in 1994 and in 2004, he was the guest of honour at the national Swedish sf convention Swecon in 2006, at Gaylaxicon 2008, at Wiscon 2009, at Åcon 2010. Mundane science fiction is a subgenre of science fiction focusing on stories set on or near the Earth, with a believable use of technology and science as it exists at the time the story is written, the Mundane SF movement was founded in 2002 during the Clarion workshop by Ryman amongst others. In 2008 a Mundane SF issue of Interzone magazine was published, guest-edited by Ryman, Julian Todd and Trent Walters. Ryman lectures in Creative Writing for University of Manchester's English Department, his most recent full-length novel, The King's Last Song, is set in Cambodia, both at the time of Angkorean emperor Jayavarman VII, in the present period. As of 2008 he was at work on a new historical novel set in the United States before their Civil War.
The Unconquered Country The Warrior Who Carried Life The Child Garden Was... 253, or Tube Theatre Lust Air: Or, Have not Have The King's Last Song Unconquered countries: Four novellas Paradise Tales Geoff Ryman at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database Author page at Small Beer Press Comment on the victims of the 7 July 2005 London Bombings Interview with Geoff Ryman conducted by Kit Reed at Infinity Plus, discussing his novel Air and the Mundane SF movement. Compilation of reviews of Ryman's book The King's Last Song Biog page at the University of Manchester
Clarkesworld Magazine is an American online fantasy and science fiction magazine. It released the first issue October 1, 2006 and has maintained a regular monthly schedule since, publishing fiction by authors such as Elizabeth Bear, Kij Johnson, Caitlin R. Kiernan, Sarah Monette, Catherynne Valente, Jeff VanderMeer and Peter Watts. Clarkesworld Magazine is published or collected in a number of formats: All fiction is collected annually in print anthologies published by Wyrm Publishing Apps are available for Android, iPad and iPhone devices EPUB, Amazon Kindle, Mobipocket ebook editions of each issue are available for purchase All content is available online via the magazine website All fiction is available in audio format via podcast or direct download Ebook subscriptions for the Kindle and EPUB readers Winner 2006 Million Writers Award for "Best New Online Magazine" Winner 2006 Million Writers Award for "Urchins, While Swimming" by Catherynne M. Valente Nominee 2007 Bram Stoker Award for Short Fiction, "There's No Light Between Floors" by Paul Tremblay Finalist 2007 Shirley Jackson Award for Short Fiction, "The Third Bear" by Jeff VanderMeer Finalist 2007 Shirley Jackson Award for Short Fiction, "Something in the Mermaid Way" by Carrie Laben Finalist 2007 WSFA Small Press Award, "The Third Bear" by Jeff VanderMeer Finalist 2007 WSFA Small Press Award, "Orm the Beautiful" by Elizabeth Bear Named SciFi.com Site of the Week: August 29, 2007 Winner 2009 Chesley Awards for Best Magazine Cover, "Floating Fish" by Mats Minnhagen Nominee 2009 Hugo Award for Best Semiprozine Nominee 2009 World Fantasy Special Award: Non-Professional Nominee 2009 World Fantasy Award for Best Short Fiction, "A Buyer's Guide to Maps of Antarctica", Catherynne M. Valente Nominee 2009 Nebula Award for Best Short Story, "Non-Zero Probabilities", N. K. Jemisin Winner 2009 Nebula Award for Best Short Story, "Spar", Kij Johnson Winner 2010 Hugo Award for Best Semiprozine Nominee 2010 Hugo Award for Best Short Story, "Non-Zero Probabilities", N. K. Jemisin Nominee 2010 Hugo Award for Best Short Story, "Spar", Kij Johnson Finalist 2010 Locus Award for Best Magazine, finished 4th Finalist 2010 Locus Award for Best Short Story, "Spar", Kij Johnson, finished 2nd Nominee 2010 Chesley Awards for Best Magazine Cover, "Brain Tower", Kazuhiko Nakamura Finalist 2010 Parsec Award for Best Speculative Fiction Story, "The Things", Peter Watts Nominee 2010 World Fantasy Special Award: Non-Professional Nominee 2010 BSFA Award for Best Short Story, "The Things", Peter Watts Winner 2010 Shirley Jackson Award for Best Short Story, "The Things", Peter Watts Winner 2011 Hugo Award for Best Semiprozine Nominee 2011 Hugo Award for Best Short Story, "The Things", Peter Watts Finalist 2011 Locus Award for Best Short Story, "The Things", Peter Watts Finalist 2011 Locus Award for Best Short Story, "Thirteen Ways of Looking at Space/Time", Catherynne M. Valente Nominee 2011 Chesley Awards for Best Magazine Cover, "Warm", Sergio Rebolledo Nominee 2011 Chesley Awards for Best Magazine Cover, "Honeycomb", Julie Dillon Nominee 2011 Chesley Awards for Best Magazine Cover, "Soulhunter", Andrey Lazarev Nominee 2011 Nebula Award for Best Short Story, "The Cartographer Wasps and the Anarchist Bees", E. Lily Yu Nominee 2011 Nebula Award for Best Novella, "Silently and Very Fast", Catherynne M. Valente Finalist 2012 Locus Award for Best Magazine Finalist 2012 Locus Award for Best Short Story, "The Cartographer Wasps and the Anarchist Bees", E. Lily Yu Winner 2012 Locus Award for Best Novella, "Silently and Very Fast", Catherynne M. Valente Nominee 2012 Hugo Award for Best Short Story, "The Cartographer Wasps and the Anarchist Bees", E. Lily Yu Nominee 2012 Hugo Award for Best Novella, "Silently and Very Fast", Catherynne M. Valente Nominee 2012 Hugo Award for Best Editor Short Form, Neil Clarke Nominee 2012 World Fantasy Award for Best Short Fiction, "The Cartographer Wasps and the Anarchist Bees", E. Lily Yu Nominee 2012 World Fantasy Award for Best Novella, "Silently and Very Fast", Catherynne M. Valente Nominee 2012 World Fantasy Special Award: Non-Professional Winner 2012 Chesley Awards for Best Magazine Cover, "New World" by Ken Barthelmey Finalist 2013 Locus Award for Best Magazine Nominee 2013 Hugo Award for Best Editor Short Form, Neil Clarke Winner 2013 Hugo Award for Best Semiprozine Finalist 2014 Locus Award for Best Magazine Nominee 2014 Hugo Award for Best Editor Short Form, Neil Clarke Winner 2014 World Fantasy Special Award: Non-Professional Kate Baker, Neil Clarke and Sean Wallace for Clarkesworld Winner 2014 British Fantasy Award for Best Magazine/Periodical Neil Clarke, Editor-in-Chief Sean Wallace, October 2006 – present Kate Baker, Podcast Director, October 2009 – present, Non-Fiction Editor, January 2013 – present Gardner Dozois, Reprint Editor, April 2013 – May 2018 Jeremy L.
C. Jones, September 2010 – December 2014 Jason Heller, Non-Fiction Editor, January 2012 – December 2012 Cheryl Morgan, Non-Fiction Editor, January 2009 – December 2011 Nick Mamatas, October 2006 – July 2008 Ekaterina Sedia, Interim Non-Fiction Editor, August 2008 – December 2008 Official website Clarkesworld Magazine podcast feed Clarkesworld's Awards & Recognition List
Robert Paul Holdstock was an English novelist and author best known for his works of Celtic, Nordic and Pictish fantasy literature, predominantly in the fantasy subgenre of mythic fiction. Holdstock broke into print in 1968, his science fiction and fantasy works explore philosophical, anthropological and woodland themes. He received three BSFA awards and won the World Fantasy Award in the category of Best Novel of 1985. Robert Holdstock, the eldest of five children, was born in Kent, his father, Robert Frank Holdstock, was a police officer and his mother, Kathleen Madeline Holdstock, was a nurse. At the age of seven Robert started attending Gillingham Grammar School in the Medway Towns; as a young adult he had jobs including construction worker and slate miner. He earned a Bachelor of Science from University College of North Wales, with honours in applied Zoology, he continued his education, earning a Master of Science in Medical Zoology at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine in 1971.
He conducted research at the Medical Research Council in London from 1971 to 1974, while doing part-time writing and producing a science fiction fanzine. He lived out the rest of his life in North London, he died in hospital at the age of 61, following his collapse with an E. coli infection on 18 November 2009. Robert Holdstock's first published story, "Pauper's Plot", appeared in the magazine New Worlds in 1968, his first novel was a science fiction work, Eye Among the Blind, published in 1976. During the late 1970s and throughout the 1980s Holdstock wrote many fantasy and science fiction novels along with a number of short stories, most of which were published under a pseudonym. Robert Holdstock's pseudonyms included Robert Faulcon, Chris Carlsen, Richard Kirk, Robert Black, Ken Blake, Steven Eisler; these included some adaptions of television scripts for novelisations of television series including The Professionals. During this same period he wrote the text for Space Wars and Weapons, a large format book in which he provided essays concerning the tropes of science fiction, accompanied by colour reproductions of related artwork.
In 1980 Holdstock wrote Tour of the Universe with Malcolm Edwards. The rights were subsequently sold for a space shuttle simulation ride at the CN Tower called the Tour of the Universe. Holdstock's novel "The Dark Wheel",was included with the best-selling computer game Elite in 1984, he wrote an adaptation of The Emerald Forest, a film directed by John Boorman, novelised episodes of the Granada Television series Bulman. Holdstock's breakthrough novel Mythago Wood was published in 1984, it began the Ryhope Wood series, which continued until the appearance of Avilion in 2009. Holdstock was guest of honour at the annual Novacon in 1984, a limited-edition chapbook featuring his fantasy story'Thorn' was presented to the first 500 attendees. Between 2001 and 2007 Holdstock produced a trilogy of fantasy novels, the Merlin Codex, consisting of Celtika, The Iron Grail and The Broken Kings. Holdstock wrote, edited or contributed to a number of nonfiction works, including Alien Landscapes, Tour of the Universe, Horror: 100 Best Novels and Encyclopedia of Science Fiction.
In 2013 a joint volume of poetry with Garry Kilworth was published by PS Publishing, Poems and Other Atrocities. David Pringle described Eye Among the Blind, Holdstock's first science fiction novel, as a "dogged, somewhat slow-moving planetary mystery". Ursula K. Le Guin called the same novel "As strong a treatment of a central theme of science fiction – alienness, the relation of the human and the alien – as any I have read."According to Michael D. C. Drout, Holdstock's Ryhope Wood series is a significant part of the fantasy genre, displaying the power and aesthetic standards of Tolkien’s fantasy without being either a "close imitation of" or a "reaction against" Tolkien. Drout considers Holdstock, along with Ursula K. Le Guin, a worthy inheritor of the fantasy tradition created by Tolkien. Patrick Curry placed Holdstock in a quartet of noteworthy fantasy authors, alongside Le Guin, John Crowley and Marion Zimmer Bradley, for writing fantasy books that come close to Tolkien's breadth and depth of imagination, "in some respects surpass Tolkien".
David Langford offers praise for most of Holdstock's work, but regarded Merlin's Wood less highly: "the overall narrative is flawed, distorted by its weight of undeserved loss and inaccessible healing". The covers of Holdstock's books were produced by a variety of illustrators; the original UK and US covers of Mythago Wood were illustrated by Eddi Gornall and Christopher Zacharow, respectively. Illustrators of subsequent covers and editions include Jim Burns, Tom Canty, John Howe, Alan Lee, John Jude Pallencar, Larry Rostant and Ron Walotsky. John Howe stated: "Holdstock is to me one of the best Celtic fantasy authors alive today." The novella Mythago Wood won the BSFA Award for Best Short Story in 1981 along with the World Fantasy Award for Best Novella in 1982. The novel Mythago Wood won the BSFA Award for Best Novel in 1984 along with the World Fantasy Award for Best Novel in 1985. Mythago Wood was published as part of the Masterpieces of Fantasy series by Easton Press, who describe themselves as releasing'works of lasting meaning and importance.'
Lavondyss won the BSFA Award for Best Novel in 1988. The Bone Forest was nominated for
Science fiction is a genre of speculative fiction dealing with imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space exploration, time travel, extraterrestrials in fiction. Science fiction explores the potential consequences of scientific other various innovations, has been called a "literature of ideas." "Science fiction" is difficult to define as it includes a wide range of concepts and themes. James Blish wrote: "Wells used the term to cover what we would today call'hard' science fiction, in which a conscientious attempt to be faithful to known facts was the substrate on which the story was to be built, if the story was to contain a miracle, it ought at least not to contain a whole arsenal of them."Isaac Asimov said: "Science fiction can be defined as that branch of literature which deals with the reaction of human beings to changes in science and technology." According to Robert A. Heinlein, "A handy short definition of all science fiction might read: realistic speculation about possible future events, based solidly on adequate knowledge of the real world and present, on a thorough understanding of the nature and significance of the scientific method."Lester del Rey wrote, "Even the devoted aficionado or fan—has a hard time trying to explain what science fiction is," and that the reason for there not being a "full satisfactory definition" is that "there are no delineated limits to science fiction."
Author and editor Damon Knight summed up the difficulty, saying "science fiction is what we point to when we say it." Mark C. Glassy described the definition of science fiction as U. S. Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart did with the definition of pornography: "I know it when I see it." Science fiction had its beginnings in a time when the line between myth and fact was arguably more blurred than the present day. Written in the 2nd century CE by the satirist Lucian, A True Story contains many themes and tropes that are characteristic of contemporary science fiction, including travel to other worlds, extraterrestrial lifeforms, interplanetary warfare, artificial life; some consider it the first science-fiction novel. Some of the stories from The Arabian Nights, along with the 10th-century The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter and Ibn al-Nafis's 13th-century Theologus Autodidactus contain elements of science fiction. Products of the Age of Reason and the development of modern science itself, Johannes Kepler's Somnium, Francis Bacon's New Atlantis, Cyrano de Bergerac's Comical History of the States and Empires of the Moon and The States and Empires of the Sun, Margaret Cavendish's "The Blazing World", Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels, Ludvig Holberg's Nicolai Klimii Iter Subterraneum and Voltaire's Micromégas are regarded as some of the first true science-fantasy works.
Indeed, Isaac Asimov and Carl Sagan considered Somnium the first science-fiction story. Following the 18th-century development of the novel as a literary form, Mary Shelley's books Frankenstein and The Last Man helped define the form of the science-fiction novel. Brian Aldiss has argued. Edgar Allan Poe wrote several stories considered science fiction, including "The Unparalleled Adventure of One Hans Pfaall" which featured a trip to the Moon. Jules Verne was noted for his attention to detail and scientific accuracy Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea which predicted the contemporary nuclear submarine. In 1887, the novel El anacronópete by Spanish author Enrique Gaspar y Rimbau introduced the first time machine. Many critics consider H. G. Wells one of science fiction's most important authors, or "the Shakespeare of science fiction." His notable science-fiction works include The Time Machine, The Island of Doctor Moreau, The Invisible Man, The War of the Worlds. His science fiction imagined alien invasion, biological engineering and time travel.
In his non-fiction futurologist works he predicted the advent of airplanes, military tanks, nuclear weapons, satellite television, space travel, something resembling the World Wide Web. In 1912, Edgar Rice Burroughs published A Princess of Mars, the first of his three-decade-long planetary romance series of Barsoom novels, set on Mars and featuring John Carter as the hero. In 1926, Hugo Gernsback published the first American science-fiction magazine, Amazing Stories, in which he wrote: By'scientifiction' I mean the Jules Verne, H. G. Wells and Edgar Allan Poe type of story—a charming romance intermingled with scientific fact and prophetic vision... Not only do these amazing tales make tremendously interesting reading—they are always instructive, they supply knowledge... in a palatable form... New adventures pictured for us in the scientifiction of today are not at all impossible of realization tomorrow... Many great science stories destined to be of historical interest are still to be written...
Posterity will point to them as having blazed a new trail, not only in literature and fiction, but progress as well. In 1928, E. E. "Doc" Smith's first published work, The Skylark of Space, written in collaboration with Lee Hawkins Garby, appeared in Amazing Stories. It is called the first great space opera; the same year, Philip Francis Nowlan's original Buck Rogers story, Armageddon 2419 appeared in Amazing Stories. This was followed by the first serious science-fiction comic. In 1937, John W. Campbell became editor of Astounding Science Fiction, an event, sometimes conside
Charles L. Grant
Charles Lewis Grant was an American novelist and short story writer specializing in what he called "dark fantasy" and "quiet horror." He wrote under the pseudonyms of Geoffrey Marsh, Lionel Fenn, Simon Lake, Felicia Andrews, Deborah Lewis. Charles L. Grant was born in New Jersey, he received a B. A. from Trinity College, Connecticut, in 1964 and taught for four years. From 1968 to 1970, Grant served in the U. S. Army was awarded a Bronze Star. From 1973 to 1977, Grant was Secretary of Science Fiction Writers of America. In 1987-1988, he served as President of the Horror Writers Association. Grant won a World Fantasy Award for his novella collection Nightmare Seasons, a Nebula Award in 1976 for his short story "A Crowd of Shadows", another Nebula Award in 1978 for his novella A Glow of Candles, a Unicorn's Eye, the latter telling of an actor's dilemma in a post-literate future. Grant edited the award-winning Shadows anthology, running eleven volumes from 1978-1991. Contributors include Stephen King, Ramsey Campbell, Al Sarrantonio, R.
A. Lafferty, Avram Davidson, Steve Rasnic and Melanie Tem. Grant was a former Executive Secretary and Eastern Regional Director of the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America and president of the Horror Writers Association, his story "Temperature Days on Hawthorne Street" was adapted into an episode of Tales from the Darkside titled "The Milkman Cometh" in 1987. Grant wrote twelve books set in the fictional Connecticut town of Oxrun Station. Three of these were intentionally pastiches of classic Universal and Hammer horror films, feature a vampire, a werewolf, an animated mummy. Grant's first wife is Debbie Voss, with whom he had Ian Matthew and Emily Kathryn. Ian has two sons Logan. In February, 1982, Grant married editor Kathryn Ptacek. Suffering ill health in his years, Grant died on September 15, 2006 from a heart attack. Oxrun Station The Hour of the Oxrun Dead The Last Call of Mourning The Sound of Midnight The Grave The Bloodwind The Soft Whisper of the Dead The Dark Cry of the Moon The Long Night of the Grave Other The Curse The Nestling Night Songs The Tea Party The Pet For Fear of the Night In A Dark Dream Stunts Fire Mask - for Young Adults Something Stirs Raven Jackals X-Files: Goblins X-Files: Whirlwind Millennium Quartet #1: Symphony Watcher Millennium Quartet #2: In The Mood Black Oak: Genesis Black Oak: The Hush of Dark Wings Millennium Quartet #3: Chariot Black Oak: Winter Knight Millennium Quartet #4: Riders in the Sky The Shadow of Alpha Ascension Ravens of the Moon Legion A Quiet Night of Fear Lincoln Blackthorne series The King of Satan's Eyes The Tail of the Arabian Knight The Patch of the Odin Soldier The Fangs of the Hooded Demon Hudson Hawk The Seven Spears of the W'dch'ck The Kent Montana series Kent Montana and the Really Ugly Thing From Mars Kent Montana and the Reasonably Invisible Man Kent Montana and the Once and Future Thing Mark of the Moderately Vicious Vampire 668, the Neighbor of the Beast The Quest For The White Duck series Blood River Down Web of Defeat Agnes Day Diego series Once Upon A Time in the East By The Time I Get To Nashville Time, The Semi-Final Frontier Midnight Palace series Daughter of Darkness Something's Watching Death Cycle He Told Me To The Forever House Shapes Death Scream The Clown Riverrun Riverwitch Mountainwitch Moonwitch Seacliffe Silver Huntress The Velvet Hart Voices Out of Time Eve of the Hound Kirkwood Fires The Wind At Winter's End Private School series Nightmare Session Academy of Terror Witch's Eye Skeleton Key The Enemy Within The Last Alien The First Chronicles of Greystone Bay Doom City The SeaHarp Hotel In the Fog Shadows Shadows 2 Shadows 3 Shadows 4 Shadows 5 Shadows 6 Shadows 7 Shadows 8 Shadows 9 Shadows 10 The Best of Shadows Final Shadows Nightmares Horrors Terrors Gallery of Horror Fears Midnight Night Visions 2 After Midnight Writing and Selling Science Fiction Tales from the Nightside A Glow of Candles and Other Stories Nightmare Seasons + Night Visions #1 Black Wine The Orchard + Dialing The Wind + The Black Carousel + Scream Quietly: The Best of Charles L. Grant edited by Stephen Jones ^* Novels set in the author's fictional town of Oxrun Station ^+ Linked novellas set in the author's fictional town of Oxrun Station "The House of Evil" F&SF, Dec "Afternoon of the Banjo" The Little Magazine, Spr "The Summer of the Irish Sea" Orbit 11, ed. Damon Knight "Come Dance with Me on My Pony’s Grave" F&SF, Jul "Abdication" Amazing Stories, Oct "But the Other Old Man Stopped Playing" Fantastic, Apr "The Magic Child" Frontiers 2: The New Mind, ed. Roger Elwood "Weep No More, Old Lady" Future Quest, ed. Roger Elwood "The Key to English" F&SF, May "Everybody a Win
Kim Stanley Robinson
Kim Stanley Robinson is an American writer of science fiction. He is best known for his Mars trilogy, his work has been translated into 24 languages. Many of his novels and stories have ecological and political themes running through them and feature scientists as heroes. Robinson has won numerous awards, including the Hugo Award for Best Novel, the Nebula Award for Best Novel and the World Fantasy Award. Robinson's work has been labeled by The Atlantic as "the gold-standard of realistic, literary, science-fiction writing." According to an article in The New Yorker, Robinson is "generally acknowledged as one of the greatest living science-fiction writers." Robinson was born in Illinois. He moved to Southern California as a child. In 1974, he earned a B. A. in literature from the University of California, San Diego. In 1975, he earned an M. A. in English from Boston University. In 1978 Robinson moved to Davis, California to take a break from his graduate studies at UC San Diego. During this time he worked as a bookseller for Orpheus Books.
He taught freshman composition and other courses at University of California, Davis. In 1982 Robinson earned a Ph. D. in English from the UC San Diego. His initial Ph. D. advisor was literary critic and Marxist scholar, Fredric Jameson, who told Robinson to read works by Philip K. Dick. Jameson described Dick to Robinson as "the greatest living American writer." Robinson's doctoral thesis, The Novels of Philip K. Dick, was published in 1984 and a hardcover version was published by UMI Research Press. In the 1980s Robinson spent time with a National Science Foundation team at a research base in Antarctica. In 2008, Time Magazine named Robinson a "Hero of the Environment" for his optimistic focus on the future. In 2009, Robinson was an instructor at the Clarion Workshop. In 2010, he was the guest of honor at the 68th World Science Fiction Convention, held in Melbourne, Australia. In April 2011, Robinson presented at the second annual Rethinking Capitalism conference, held at the University of California, Santa Cruz.
Among other points made, his talk addressed the cyclical nature of capitalism. Robinson was appointed Muir Environmental Fellow in 2011 by the John Muir College, University of California San Diego. Sheldon Brown described Robinson's novels as ways to explore how nature and culture continuously reformulate one another. All of Robinson's novels have an ecological component. In the Mars trilogy, one of the principal divisions among the population of Mars is based on dissenting views on terraforming. Colonists debate whether or not the barren Martian landscape has a similar ecological or spiritual value when compared with a living ecosphere like earth's. Forty Signs of Rain has an ecological thrust, taking global warming for its principal subject. Robinson's work explores alternatives to modern capitalism. In the Mars trilogy, it is argued that capitalism is an outgrowth of feudalism, which could be replaced in the future by a more democratic economic system. Worker ownership and cooperatives figure prominently in Green Mars and Blue Mars as replacements for traditional corporations.
The Orange County trilogy explores similar arrangements. Tim Kreider writes in the New Yorker that Robinson may be our greatest political novelist and describes how Robinson uses the Mars trilogy as a template for a credible utopia. Robinson's work portrays characters struggling to preserve and enhance the world around them in an environment characterized by individualism and entrepreneurialism facing the political and economic authoritarianism of corporate power acting in this environment. Robinson has been described as anti-capitalist, his work portrays a form of frontier capitalism that promotes egalitarian ideals that resemble socialist systems, but faced with a capitalism, maintained by entrenched hegemonic corporations. In particular, his Martian Constitution draws upon social democratic ideals explicitly emphasizing a community-participation element in political and economic life. Robinson's works portray the worlds of tomorrow in a manner similar to the mythologized American Western frontier, showing a sentimental affection for the freedom and wildness of the frontier.
This aesthetic includes a preoccupation with competing models of political and economic organization. The environmental and social themes in Robinson's oeuvre stand in marked contrast to the right-libertarian science fiction prevalent in much of the genre, his work has been called the most successful attempt to reach a mass audience with a left wing and anti-capitalist utopian vision since Ursula K. Le Guin's The Dispossessed. Robinson's work features scientists as heroes, they are portrayed in a mundane way compared to most work featuring scientists: rather than being adventurers or action heroes, Robinson's scientists become critically important because of research discoveries and collaborat