Lyman Briggs College
The Lyman Briggs College is a residential college located at Michigan State University in East Lansing, United States. Established as a residential college in 1967, Lyman Briggs was a residential school within the College of Natural Sciences from 1981 to 2007, returned to residential college status in 2007; the college is named in honor of Lyman James Briggs, who attended Michigan State Agricultural College from 1889 to 1893. Lyman Briggs College addresses the modern dilemma described by C. P. Snow's "Two Cultures" by educating STEM students in the natural sciences as well as the humanities and social sciences attempting to create a curriculum of "liberal sciences." Science classes offered by LBC include chemistry, biology and math, classes in the history and sociology of science. All of these classes reveal science's relationship with society, literature and philosophy. Smaller class sizes allow for more interaction with professors, LBC professors are leaders in discipline-based education research and the scholarship of teaching and learning.
Lyman Briggs College is located in the largest residence hall on campus. Many of the over 1250 students in the residence hall are members of LBC. Many of the students in the Lyman Briggs program intend to pursue careers in medicine, but there are a variety of other programs that are supported by Lyman Briggs. In all, there are over 30 coordinate majors, from human biology to computer sciences. LBC has the unique distinction of being one of the few major schools to allow undergraduate students to assist in the classroom as "Learning Assistants." Learning Assistants run supervised recitations and labs in chemistry, biology and physics. Lyman Briggs College was made a school of the College of Natural Sciences in 1981 when the university was experiencing significant financial stress, with a name change to Lyman Briggs School of Science. In 2007, the school went through the formal process of regaining its status as a residential college, "in time for the school's 40th anniversary in the fall." The proposal to change its status was unanimously approved by the Faculty Council on April 10, 2007, presented to the Academic Council on April 17, 2007, approved by the MSU Board of Trustees on June 15, 2007.
The school's director, Elizabeth H. Simmons, was appointed dean and served through academic year 2016-2017. Mark Largent served as interim dean for academic year 2017-2018. Michele H. Jackson was appointed Dean on June 22, 2018. LBC partners with the James Madison College and the MSU Department of Fisheries and Wildlife in the Science, Technology and Public Policy specialization, based in JMC and offers a minor. LBC partners with MSU's College of Arts and Letters to host the Bioethics minor; the James Madison College at Michigan State University was founded in the same year on the same principle of residential college, but in the area of public policy, political theory, the liberal arts. Madison and Briggs Colleges collaborate with the Department of Fisheries and Wildlife in offering an undergraduate specialization in Science, the Environment, Public Policy. Students in the two colleges enjoy friendly competition through the annual fall Canoe Race and spring Olympics. In fall 2007, Michigan State opened a new Residential College in the Humanities.
RCAH is collaborating with Madison and Briggs Colleges on a 21st Century Chautauqua, co-sponsored by the American Association of Colleges and Universities. Lyman Briggs College
Public Works of Art Project
The Public Works of Art Project was a program to employ artists, as part of the New Deal, during the Great Depression. It was the first such program, running from December 1933 to June 1934, it was headed by Edward Bruce, under the United States Treasury Department and paid for by the Civil Works Administration. The purpose of the PWAP was "to give work to artists by arranging to have competent representatives of the profession embellish public buildings." Artists were told that the subject matter had to be related to the "American scene". Artworks from the project were shown or incorporated into a variety of locations, including the White House and House of Representatives. Artists participating in the project were paid wages of $38 – $46.50 per week. Participants were required to be professional artists, in total, 3,749 artists were hired, 15,663 works were produced; the project was succeeded by the Federal Art Project of the Works Progress Administration. The largest of the projects sponsored by the PWAP were the murals in San Francisco’s Coit Tower, employing a total of 44 artists and assistants, begun in December 1933 and completed in June 1934.
Many of the muralists were former students of the California School of Fine Arts. Among the lead artists were Maxine Albro, Victor Arnautoff, Jane Berlandina, Ray Bertrand, Roy Boynton, Ralph Chesse, Ben Cunningham, Rinaldo Cuneo, Mallette Harold Dean, Parker Hall, Edith Hamlin, George Albert Harris, William Hesthal, John Langley Howard, Lucien Labaudt, Gordon Langdon, Jose Moya del Pino, Otis Oldfield, Frederick E. Olmsted, Suzanne Scheuer, Ralph Stackpole, Edward Terada, Frede Vidar, Clifford Wight, Bernard Zakheim. After a majority of the murals were completed, the Big Strike of 1934 shut down the Pacific Coast. Though it has been claimed that allusions to the event were subversively included in the murals by some of the artists, in fact the murals were completed before the strike began and none of those that were not completed by that time show any reference to the strike. Another significant project funded by PWAP is the Astronomers Monument at Griffith Observatory in Los Angeles; the monument is a large outdoor concrete sculpture on the front lawn of the Observatory that pays homage to six of the greatest astronomers of all time: Hipparchus.
Soon after the PWAP began in December 1933, in cooperation with the Los Angeles Park Commission, PWAP commissioned a sculpture project on the grounds of the new Griffith Observatory. Using a design by local artist Archibald Garner and materials donated by the Women's' Auxiliary of the Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce and five other artists sculpted and cast the concrete monument and figures; each artist was responsible for sculpting one astronomer. On November 25, 1934, about six months prior to the opening of the Observatory, a celebration took place to mark completion of the Astronomers Monument; the only "signature" on the Astronomers Monument is "PWAP 1934" referring to the program which funded the project and the year it was completed. This Art Deco style monument serves as the gateway to the Hollywood Bowl, is said to be the largest of hundreds of monuments in Southern California constructed under the WPA; the 200-foot long, 22-foot high sculpture is a fountain and was constructed with concrete and covered with slabs of decorative granite.
The structure was completed in 1940 by George Stanley a contributor to the Griffith Observatory's Astronomers Monument and, better known as the sculptor who molded the original Academy Awards' Oscar statue. The structure was refurbished in 2006. Federal Art Project, a New Deal federal arts program operated by the Works Progress Administration which ran from 1935 to 1943. Section of Painting and Sculpture, a New Deal federal arts program operated by the United States Department of the Treasury. Treasury Relief Art Project List of New Deal sculpture Pohl, Frances K.. Framing America. A Social History of American Art. New York: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-28715-6. Contreras, Belisario R.. Tradition and Innovation in New Deal Art. London and Toronto: Associated University Presses. O'Connor, Francis V. ed.. Art for the Millions: Essays from the 1930s by Artists and Administrators of the WPA Federal Art Project. Boston: New York Graphic Society. "1934: A New Deal for Artists" is an exhibition featuring artworks from the Public Works of Art Project at the Smithsonian American Art Museum.
This site contains a slide show, public programs, recent news stories Public Works of Art Project, video The Living New Deal Project, a digital database of the lasting effects of the New Deal founded in the Department of Geography at the University of California, Berkeley (including an interactive map featuring detailed information on public artworks created as a part of the New Deal. New Deal Art Registry 1934: A New Deal for Artists, a link to Anne Prentice Wagner's article, "1934: A New Deal for Artists" in the Spring 2009 issue of Antiques and Fine Art Magazine
Michigan State University College of Osteopathic Medicine
The Michigan State University College of Osteopathic Medicine is the osteopathic medical school of Michigan State University located in East Lansing, Michigan. The college grants the Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine degree, as well as a DO-PhD combined degree for students interested in training as physician-scientists. MSUCOM operates two satellite campuses in Macomb and Detroit; the college is accredited by the American Osteopathic Association's Commission on Osteopathic College Accreditation and by the Higher Learning Commission of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools. Michigan State University College of Osteopathic Medicine was founded at a time when new osteopathic medical schools were not being chartered. Many osteopathic doctors throughout Michigan began working on the creation of a new medical school. In 1964, the Michigan Association of Osteopathic Physicians and Surgeons received a state charter and started to raise money for a new private osteopathic medical college.
In 1969, the first class was admitted to the Michigan College of Osteopathic Medicine in Pontiac, becoming the first osteopathic medical school to open since 1916. That same year, the Michigan legislature passed P. A. 162, which stated that “A school of osteopathic medicine is established and shall be located as determined by the state board of education at an existing campus of a state university with an existing school or college of medicine." On September 19, 1969, Michigan State University accepted the legislative mandate and agreed to create a new osteopathic medical school on their campus, making it the first osteopathic medical school based at a public university. In 1971, MCOM was moved to East Lansing and was given its current name of MSUCOM. Myron S. Magan, D. O. was the first dean and served for more than two decades. In the mid-2000s, MSUCOM expanded from its main campus in East Lansing to two satellite campuses in Detroit and Macomb; the expansion was approved by the MSU Board of Trustees in May 2007 and by the Commission on Osteopathic College Accreditation in September 2008.
In July 2009, instruction began at these two expansion sites. In 2011, MSUCOM started a program for training Canadian students to become osteopathic physicians, accepting 25 Canadian students each year. In 2010, the partnership between MSU and Sparrow Hospital was strengthened; this agreement was meant to foster research and clinical services, it culminated in the creation of the Center for Innovation and Research in 2012. In December 2017, MSU and McLaren announced they were strengthening their partnership and that a new $450 million hospital would be built near MSU’s East Lansing campus; the college offers the Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine degree, as well as dual degrees. Applicant selection is made from a competitive applicant pool and depends on many aspects of the applicant such as GPA, MCAT, community service and life experiences. Among admitted students, the average GPA is 3.6 and the average MCAT score is 29-30. MSUCOM's curriculum consists of pre-clerkship years; the first portion consists of introductory basic science, including: anatomy, genetics, etc.
During this time, students learn physical examination, doctor-patient interactions, the principles of osteopathic palpatory diagnosis and manipulative therapy. After learning the biological foundations, the curriculum shifts to a body system focus where the integumentary, neuro-musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, urinary, gastrointestinal and reproductive systems are detailed. Throughout the entire sequence, courses in Patient Care and Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine are incorporated. After the first two years, the students are assigned a base hospital and begin their clerkship years where they rotate through family medicine, internal medicine, OBGYN, general surgery, etc. MSUCOM’s DO-PhD Physician Scientist Training Program, the first of its kind in the nation, was founded by Dr. Veronica Maher and Dr. Justin McCormick in 1979; the eight-year program is not organized in the traditional 2-4-2 MD-PhD arrangement, but starts with the first year of graduate coursework. This arrangement allows for more integration between the graduate research and medical school education.
Most DO-PhD students complete PhDs through the BioMolecular Science program which includes: biochemistry and molecular biology, microbiology, pharmacology & toxicology, physiology. However, there are graduate students in neuroscience, epidemiology and sociology; the alumni of the program have entered many prestigious residency programs and most graduates find careers in medical colleges, universities, or major medical research centers. The College of Osteopathic Medicine conducts pre-clinical training at three sites: East Lansing and Macomb. MSUCOM’s primary campus is in East Lansing on the main Michigan State University campus; the Detroit satellite campus is situated on the campus of the Detroit Medical Center. The Macomb satellite campus, the most recent to be added, is located at Macomb University Center within Macomb Community College. Clinical training for the third- and fourth-year students occurs at hospitals throughout Michigan affiliated with the Statewide Campus System Currently, there are nearly 30 hospital locations affiliated with MSUCOM.
In 2017, MSUCOM’s Statewide Campus System was named as one of the five regional assessment training centers by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. MSUCOM was the only DO medical school included. Beaumont Hospitals- Beaumont Hospital, Farmington Hills and Beaumont Hospital, Southshore Campus Detroit Medical Center- Sinai-Grace Hospital and
Seating capacity is the number of people who can be seated in a specific space, in terms of both the physical space available, limitations set by law. Seating capacity can be used in the description of anything ranging from an automobile that seats two to a stadium that seats hundreds of thousands of people; the largest sporting venue in the world, the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, has a permanent seating capacity for more than 235,000 people and infield seating that raises capacity to an approximate 400,000. Safety is a primary concern in determining the seating capacity of a venue: "Seating capacity, seating layouts and densities are dictated by legal requirements for the safe evacuation of the occupants in the event of fire"; the International Building Code specifies, "In places of assembly, the seats shall be securely fastened to the floor" but provides exceptions if the total number of seats is fewer than 100, if there is a substantial amount of space available between seats or if the seats are at tables.
It delineates the number of available exits for interior balconies and galleries based on the seating capacity, sets forth the number of required wheelchair spaces in a table derived from the seating capacity of the space. The International Fire Code, portions of which have been adopted by many jurisdictions, is directed more towards the use of a facility than the construction, it specifies, "For areas having fixed seating without dividing arms, the occupant load shall not be less than the number of seats based on one person for each 18 inches of seating length". It requires that every public venue submit a detailed site plan to the local fire code official, including "details of the means of egress, seating capacity, arrangement of the seating...."Once safety considerations have been satisfied, determinations of seating capacity turn on the total size of the venue, its purpose. For sports venues, the "decision on maximum seating capacity is determined by several factors. Chief among these are the primary sports program and the size of the market area".
In motion picture venues, the "limit of seating capacity is determined by the maximal viewing distance for a given size of screen", with image quality for closer viewers declining as the screen is expanded to accommodate more distant viewers. Seating capacity of venues plays a role in what media they are able to provide and how they are able to provide it. In contracting to permit performers to use a theatre or other performing space, the "seating capacity of the performance facility must be disclosed". Seating capacity may influence the kind of contract to be the royalties to be given; the seating capacity must be disclosed to the copyright owner in seeking a license for the copyrighted work to be performed in that venue. Venues that may be leased for private functions such as ballrooms and auditoriums advertise their seating capacity. Seating capacity is an important consideration in the construction and use of sports venues such as stadiums and arenas; when entities such as the National Football League's Super Bowl Committee decide on a venue for a particular event, seating capacity, which reflects the possible number of tickets that can be sold for the event, is an important consideration.
The seating capacity for restaurants is reported as'covers'. Seating capacity differs from total capacity, which describes the total number of people who can fit in a venue or in a vehicle either sitting or standing. Where seating capacity is a legal requirement, however, as it is in movie theatres and on aircraft, the law reflects the fact that the number of people allowed in should not exceed the number who can be seated. Use of the term "public capacity" indicates that a venue is allowed to hold more people than it can seat. Again, the maximum total number of people can refer to either the physical space available or limitations set by law. All-seater stadium List of stadiums by capacity List of football stadiums by capacity List of American football stadiums by capacity List of rugby league stadiums by capacity List of rugby union stadiums by capacity List of tennis stadiums by capacity Seating assignment
Racial integration, or integration, includes desegregation. In addition to desegregation, integration includes goals such as leveling barriers to association, creating equal opportunity regardless of race, the development of a culture that draws on diverse traditions, rather than bringing a racial minority into the majority culture. Desegregation is a legal matter, integration a social one. Morris J. MacGregor, Jr. in his paper "Integration of the Armed Forces 1940–1969" writes concerning the words integration and desegregation:... In recent years many historians have come to distinguish between these like-sounding words.. The movement toward desegregation, breaking down the nation's Jim Crow system, became popular in the decade after World War II. Integration, on the other hand, Professor Oscar Handlin maintains, implies several things not yet accepted in all areas of American society. In one sense it refers to the "levelling of all barriers to association other than those based on ability and personal preference".
But in another sense integration calls for the random distribution of a minority throughout society. Here, according to Handlin, the emphasis is on racial balance in areas of occupation, education and the like. From the beginning the military establishment rightly understood that the breakup of the all-black unit would in a closed society mean more than mere desegregation, it used the terms integration and equal treatment and opportunity to describe its racial goals. If does one find the word desegregation in military files that include much correspondence. Keith M. Woods writing on the need for precision in journalistic language writes, "Integration happens when a monolith is changed, like when a black family moves into an all-white neighborhood. Integration happens without a mandate from the law. Desegregation," on the other hand, "was the legal remedy to segregation." Making the same point, Henry Organ, identifying himself as " a participant in the Civil Rights Movement on the Peninsula in the'60s... and... an African American," wrote in 1997, " The term'desegregation' is reserved to the legal/legislative domain, it was the legalization of discrimination in public institutions based on race that many fought against in the 1960s.
The term'integration,' on the other hand, pertains to a social domain. We call this phenomenon virtual integration, it is the primary reason why the integration illusion – the belief that we are moving toward a colorblind nation – has such a powerful influence on race relations in America today." Reviewing this book in the libertarian magazine Reason, Michael W. Lynch sums up some of their conclusions as, "Blacks and whites live, work, pray and entertain separately." He cites Stephan and Abigail Themstrom's America in Black and White as making the case to the contrary, gives anecdotal evidence on both sides of the question, writes: The problem, as I see it, is that access to the public spheres the commercial sphere depends on being comfortable with the norms of white society. If a significant number of black children aren't comfortable with them, it isn't by choice: It's because they were isolated from those norms. It's one thing for members of the black elite and upper middle class to choose to retire to predominantly black neighborhoods after a lucrative day's work in white America.
It's quite another for people to be unable to enter that commercial sphere because they spent their formative years in a community that didn't, or couldn't, prepare them for it. Writes Patterson, "The greatest problem now facing African-Americans is their isolation from the tacit norms of the dominant culture, this is true of all classes." Although widespread, this distinction between integration and desegregation is not universally accepted. For example, it is possible to find references to "court-ordered integration" from sources such as the Detroit News, PBS, or Encarta; these same sources use the phrase "court-ordered desegregation" with the same meaning. When the two terms are confused, it is always to use integration in the narrower, more legalistic sense of desegregation. Civil rights movement Office of Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity Auto-segregation Silk Road discusses an instance of racial integration in Southern Asia in the Middle Ages. Intercultural Garden Online segregation Anti-discrimination law United States v. Fordice Steinhorn and Diggs-Brown, Barbara, By the Color of Our Skin: The Illusion of Integration and the Reality of Race.
New York: Dutton, 1999. ISBN 0-525-94359-5 Themstrom and Abigail, America in Black and White: One Nation, Indivisible New York, NY: Touchstone, 1997. ISBN 0-684-84497-4. Adel Iskandar and Hakem Rustom, From Paris to Cairo: Resistance of the Unacculturated The Ambassadors online magazine. Hong, Dorothy "Tales from a Korean Maiden in America" ISBN 0-595-28390-X Memphis Civil Rights Digital Archive New York Civil Rights Coalition Prominent integrationist grou
Earvin "Magic" Johnson Jr. is an American retired professional basketball player and former president of basketball operations of the Los Angeles Lakers of the National Basketball Association. He played point guard for the Lakers for 13 seasons. After winning championships in high school and college, Johnson was selected first overall in the 1979 NBA draft by the Lakers, he won a championship and an NBA Finals Most Valuable Player Award in his rookie season, won four more championships with the Lakers during the 1980s. Johnson retired abruptly in 1991 after announcing that he had contracted HIV, but returned to play in the 1992 All-Star Game, winning the All-Star MVP Award. After protests from his fellow players, he retired again for four years, but returned in 1996, at age 36, to play 32 games for the Lakers before retiring for the third and final time. Johnson's career achievements include three NBA MVP Awards, nine NBA Finals appearances, twelve All-Star games, ten All-NBA First and Second Team nominations.
He led the league in regular-season assists four times, is the NBA's all-time leader in average assists per game, at 11.2. Johnson was a member of the 1992 United States men's Olympic basketball team, which won the Olympic gold medal in 1992. After leaving the NBA in 1992, Johnson formed the Magic Johnson All-Stars, a barnstorming team that travelled around the world playing exhibition games. Johnson was honored as one of the 50 Greatest Players in NBA History in 1996. Johnson became a two-time inductee into the Basketball Hall of Fame—being enshrined in 2002 for his individual career, again in 2010 as a member of the "Dream Team", he was rated the greatest NBA point guard of all time by ESPN in 2007. His friendship and rivalry with Boston Celtics star Larry Bird, whom he faced in the 1979 NCAA finals and three NBA championship series, are well documented. Since his retirement, Johnson has been an advocate for HIV/AIDS prevention and safe sex, as well as an entrepreneur, philanthropist and motivational speaker.
His public announcement of his HIV-positive status in 1991 helped dispel the stereotype, still held at the time, that HIV was a "gay disease" that heterosexuals need not worry about. Named by Ebony magazine as one of America's most influential black businessmen in 2009, Johnson has numerous business interests, was a part-owner of the Lakers for several years. Johnson is part of a group of investors that purchased the Los Angeles Dodgers in 2012 and the Los Angeles Sparks in 2014. Earvin Johnson Jr. was born in Lansing, the son of General Motors assembly worker Earvin Sr. and school janitor Christine. Johnson, who had six siblings, was influenced by his parents' strong work ethic, his mother spent many hours after work each night cleaning their home and preparing the next day's meals, while his father did janitorial work at a used car lot and collected garbage, all while never missing a day at General Motors. Johnson would help his father on the garbage route, he was teased by neighborhood children who called him "Garbage Man".
Johnson came to love basketball as a youngster. His favorite basketball player was Bill Russell, whom he admired more for his many championships than his athletic ability, he idolized players such as Earl Monroe and Marques Haynes, practiced "all day". Johnson came from an athletic family, his father played high school basketball in his home state of Mississippi, Johnson learned the finer points about the game from him. Johnson's mother from North Carolina, had played basketball as a child, she grew up watching her brothers play the game. By the time he had reached the eighth grade, Johnson had begun to think about a future in basketball, he had become a dominant junior high player. Johnson looked forward to playing at Sexton High School, a school with a successful basketball team and history that happened to be only five blocks from his home, his plans underwent a dramatic change when he learned that he would be bused to the predominately white Everett High School instead of going to Sexton, predominately black.
Johnson's sister Pearl and his brother Larry had bused to Everett the previous year and did not have a pleasant experience. There were incidents of racism, with rocks being thrown at buses carrying black students and white parents refusing to send their children to school. Larry was kicked off the basketball team after a confrontation during practice, prompting him to beg his brother not to play. Johnson did join the basketball team but became angry after several days when his new teammates ignored him during practice, not passing the ball to him, he nearly got into a fight with another player. Johnson accepted his situation and the small group of black students looked to him as their leader; when recalling the events in his autobiography, My Life, he talked about how his time at Everett had changed him: Johnson was first dubbed "Magic" as a 15-year-old sophomore playing for Everett High School, when he recorded a triple-double of 36 points, 18 rebounds, 16 assists. After the game, Fred Stabley Jr. a sports writer for the Lansing State Journal, gave him the moniker despite the belief of Johnson's mother, a Christian, that the name was sacrilegious.
In his final high school season, Johnson led Everett to a 27–1 win–loss record while averaging 28.8 points and 16.8 rebounds per game, took his team to an overtime victory in the state championship game. Johnson dedicated the championship victory to his best friend Reggie Chastine, killed in a car accident the p
Michigan State Spartans football
The Michigan State Spartans football program represents Michigan State University in college football at the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision level. The Spartans are members of the Big Ten Conference. Michigan State claims a total of six national championships, they have been named national champions twice in the Coaches Poll. The Spartans have won two Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association championships and nine Big Ten championships; the Spartans home games are played at Spartan Stadium, located on the main university campus. Spartan Stadium has ranked among the NCAA's Top 25 in attendance for 61 consecutive seasons, from 1953 through 2016; the Spartans' current coach, Mark Dantonio was hired on November 27, 2006. The team's iconic Spartan helmet logo has been ranked as one of the game's best. Starting as a club sport in 1885, football gained varsity status in 1896. Early teams at the Michigan Agricultural College competed in the Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association, chartered in 1888 and is the oldest existing collegiate leagues in the United States.
In 1884, Albion College and Michigan Agricultural had played in the first intercollegiate football game held within the state of Michigan. The MIAA's other charter members included Albion and Hillsdale Colleges; the Association's first season of competitive football was in 1894 which by also included Eastern Michigan University and Alma College. In those early years the MAC Aggies could only accomplish one outright league football championship and share another with Albion; the first decade of the 20th Century saw the MIAA and MAC being dominated by either Albion or Olivet Colleges. MSU left the league and became an Independent in 1907. Chester Brewer revolutionized the football program during three different stints as head coach: 1903–10, 1917, 1919. Considered a defensive genius, his teams posted shutouts in 49 of the 88 games. John Macklin took over as head coach in 1911 and owned a winning percentage of.853, the highest in Michigan State history. Jim Crowley, one of Notre Dame’s immortal Four Horsemen, served as the head football coach at Michigan State from 1929 to 1933.
Charlie Bachman, another Notre Dame alumnus, succeeded Jim Crowley as head football coach at Michigan State, coming to East Lansing after a successful stint at Florida. A teammate of Knute Rockne, Bachman employed the Notre Dame system and forged 10 winning seasons in 13 years. Clarence Lester "Biggie" Munn took over as head coach of Michigan State from Charlie Bachman in 1947, his 1951 and 1952 squads won national championships. Munn retired from coaching in 1953 to assume duties as Michigan State's athletic director, a position he held until 1971; each year, the Michigan State Spartans football team hands out the "Biggie Munn Award" to the team's most motivational player. MSU's Munn Ice Arena, built in 1974, is named in his honor. Munn was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a coach in 1959, and, in 1961, he became Michigan State's first inductee into the Michigan Sports Hall of Fame, he authored the coaching textbook Michigan State Multiple Offense in 1953. 1947–1950 In 1947, Munn and the Michigan State administration, led by university president John A. Hannah, approached Notre Dame president Father Cavanaugh to have his Fighting Irish play the Spartans for the first time since 1921.
MSU offered to let Notre Dame take 80 percent of the gate, but Cavanaugh insisted they split the receipts down the middle. Munn was the only coach to beat Notre Dame head coach Frank Leahy three years in a row. Starting with a 33–14 win over William & Mary in East Lansing on October 14, 1950 Biggie Munn started his historic 28-game winning streak. 1951 The 1951 team went undefeated and were elected the National Champions by the Helms Athletic Foundation. 1952 The 1952 squad continued Munn's undefeated streak going 9-0. Michigan State won a national championship for the second year in a row and for the first time in school history were voted #1 in both the AP and Coaches' polls. Munn was named the AFCA Coach of coaching MSU to 9 -- 0 record and a national championship. 1953 In 1953, Michigan State's first year of conference play in the Big Ten, the Spartans shared the conference title with Illinois and went to the Rose Bowl, where they beat UCLA, 28–20. On October 24, 1953, Purdue upset the Spartans 6-0 ending Munn's 28-game winning streak.
The Spartans won the first Paul Bunyan Trophy after beating rival Michigan 14-6 in East Lansing. Shortly after the Rose Bowl victory, MSU's athletic director, Ralph H. Young retired. Munn stepped down from coaching to assume duties as athletic director and remained in that position until 1971. Munn named Duffy Daugherty, as his successor to helm the football team. During his tenure as Michigan State's head football coach, Munn tutored 17 All-Americans, his teams have retained the school's top four season marks for rushing-yards-per-game: 1948, 1951, 1952, 1950. Munn was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1959. During the 1950s when Detroit was known as the world's leading automobile manufacturer, Michigan State was referred to as the nation's "football factory." During this era, the Spartans produced great players such as Lynn