Order of the British Empire
The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry, rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations, public service outside the civil service. It was established on 4 June 1917 by King George V and comprises five classes across both civil and military divisions, the most senior two of which make the recipient either a knight if male or dame if female. There is the related British Empire Medal, whose recipients are affiliated with, but not members of, the order. Recommendations for appointments to the Order of the British Empire were made on the nomination of the United Kingdom, the self-governing Dominions of the Empire and the Viceroy of India. Nominations continue today from Commonwealth countries that participate in recommending British honours. Most Commonwealth countries ceased recommendations for appointments to the Order of the British Empire when they created their own honours; the five classes of appointment to the Order are, in descending order of precedence: Knight Grand Cross or Dame Grand Cross of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire Knight Commander or Dame Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire Officer of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire Member of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire The senior two ranks of Knight or Dame Grand Cross, Knight or Dame Commander, entitle their members to use the title of Sir for men and Dame for women before their forename.
Most members are citizens of the United Kingdom or the Commonwealth realms that use the Imperial system of honours and awards. Honorary knighthoods are appointed to citizens of nations where the Queen is not head of state, may permit use of post-nominal letters but not the title of Sir or Dame. Honorary appointees are, referred to as Sir or Dame – Bob Geldof, for example. Honorary appointees who become a citizen of a Commonwealth realm can convert their appointment from honorary to substantive enjoy all privileges of membership of the order, including use of the title of Sir and Dame for the senior two ranks of the Order. An example is Irish broadcaster Terry Wogan, appointed an honorary Knight Commander of the Order in 2005, on successful application for British citizenship, held alongside his Irish citizenship, was made a substantive member and subsequently styled as Sir Terry Wogan. King George V founded the Order to fill gaps in the British honours system: The Orders of the Garter, of St Patrick honoured royals, peers and eminent military commanders.
In particular, King George V wished to create an Order to honour many thousands of those who had served in a variety of non-combatant roles during the First World War. When first established, the Order had only one division. However, in 1918, soon after its foundation, it was formally divided into Military and Civil Divisions; the Order's motto is For the Empire. At the foundation of the Order, the'Medal of the Order of the British Empire' was instituted, to serve as a lower award granting recipients affiliation but not membership. In 1922, this was renamed the'British Empire Medal', it stopped being awarded by the United Kingdom as part of the 1993 reforms to the honours system, but was again awarded beginning in 2012, starting with 293 BEMs awarded for Queen Elizabeth II's Diamond Jubilee. In addition, the BEM is awarded by some other Commonwealth nations. In 2004, a report entitled "A Matter of Honour: Reforming Our Honours System" by a Commons committee recommended to phase out the Order of the British Empire, as its title was "now considered to be unacceptable, being thought to embody values that are no longer shared by many of the country's population".
The British monarch is Sovereign of the Order, appoints all other members of the Order. The next most senior member is the Grand Master, of whom there have been three: Prince Edward, the Prince of Wales; the Order is limited to 300 Knights and Dames Grand Cross, 845 Knights and Dames Commander, 8,960 Commanders. There are no limits applied to the total number of members of the fourth and fifth classes, but no more than 858 Officers and 1,464 Members may be appointed per year. Foreign appointees, as honorary members, do not contribute to the numbers restricted to the Order as full members do. Although the Order of the British Empire has by far the highest number of members of the British Orders of Chivalry, with over 100,000 living members worldwide, there are fewer appointments to knighthoods than in other orders. Though men can be knighted separately from an order of chivalry, women cannot, so the rank of Knight/Dame Commander of the Order is the lowest rank of damehood, second-lowest of knighthood.
Because of this, an appointment as Dame Commander is made in circumstances in which a man would be created a Knight Bachelor. For example, by convention, female judges of the High Court of Justice are created Dames Commander after appointment, while male judges
University of Hull
The University of Hull is a public research university in Kingston upon Hull, a city in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It was founded in 1927 as University College Hull; the main university campus is located in Hull and is home to the Hull York Medical School, a joint initiative with the University of York. Students are served by Hull University Union; the University's Brynmor Jones Library was the workplace of the poet Philip Larkin who served as its Head Librarian for over thirty years. The Philip Larkin Society organises activities in remembrance of Larkin including the Larkin 25 festival, organised during 2010 in partnership with the University. Andrew Motion, another prominent poet, former poet laureate worked at the university. Lord Wilberforce was chancellor of the University from 1978 until 1994. Robert Armstrong was the chancellor from 1994 to 2006. Virginia Bottomley was installed as the current chancellor in April 2006. Alumni of the University of Hull are prominent in the fields of politics, academia and drama.
They include former MP and Deputy Prime Minister Lord Prescott, former MP and Deputy Leader of the Labour Party Lord Hattersley and current deputy leader Tom Watson and author Chris Mullin, social scientist Lord Giddens, poet Roger McGough, journalist John McCarthy and film director and screenwriter the late Anthony Minghella. The foundation stone of University College Hull an external college of the University of London, was laid in 1927 by Prince Albert, the Duke of York; the college was built on land donated by Hull City Council and by two local benefactors, Thomas Ferens and G F Grant. A year the first 14 departments, in pure sciences and the arts, opened with 39 students; the college at that time consisted of one building, now named the Venn building. The building now houses the administrative centre of the university. Other early buildings include the Cohen Building, which housed the college library, Staff House, built in 1948 as the Student's Union. Another early structure was the Chemistry Building, built in 1953.
With the rapid expansion of student numbers which took place in the 1950s many many academic departments were housed in temporary buildings, colloquially known as'huts,' which gave the campus the feel of an'academic army camp.'Though many of the older buildings on Hull's campus are of red brick it is not a redbrick university in the strictest sense of the term, as it was not founded as part of the civic university movement of the late Victorian and Edwardian eras. Hull, with its origins in the 1920s, has been categorised as a'younger civic university' and it is placed between the'redbricks' and the'plateglass universities' founded in the 1960s; the first principal of the college was Arthur E. Morgan, the second was John H Nicholson, who served as the university's first vice-chancellor when the college was granted university status; the university coat of arms was designed by Sir Algernon Tudor-Craig in 1928. The symbols are the torch for learning, the rose for Yorkshire, the ducal coronet from the arms of the City of Hull, the fleur-de-lys for Lincolnshire and the dove, symbolising peace, from the arms of Thomas Ferens.
These symbols were reused to create the current university logo. The motto, Lampada Ferens, incorporates the name of the university's founding father within a Latin pun; the college gained its Royal Charter on 6 September 1954. This empowered it to award degrees of its own, making it the 3rd university in Yorkshire and the 14th in England; the twenty six years between the formation of the university college and the awarding of the charter were the shortest such period in the history of university formation in England up to that time. Within a year of the charter being granted applications to study at the new university had doubled, in 1956 student numbers topped 1,000 for the first time; the academic authority and autonomy of the university is symbolically embodied in the ceremonial mace. Made of gilt silver, incorporating devices from the Hull University coat of arms, the mace was presented to the university in December 1956 by the Lord Mayor of Hull; as a gift from the city it reflects the close relationship between "town and gown" existing in Hull.
The mace is displayed at all major university ceremonies. The period of rapid expansion of Hull University coincided with the vice-chancellorship of Sir Brynmor Jones, during whose time in office student numbers quadrupled; the Brynmor Jones Library, which houses more than a million volumes, was constructed in two phases: the first phase was completed in 1959, with a tower block extension opened in 1970. During the 1950s and 1960s a considerable number of academic buildings were built, including the Larkin and Wilberforce Buildings. The'Martin Plan' of 1967, Sir Leslie Martin was the university architect, envisaged a campus with its tallest buildings in the centre surrounded by buildings diminishing in height towards the perimeter. In the course of the 1960s most of the departments housed in temporary structures were moved into new purpose-built premises. However, Biochemistry was still located in a'hut' to the rear of the Venn building into the early 1980s; this early phase of expansion through building ended in 1974, after this year there was to be no further academic building construction on the campus until 1996.
However, student numbers doubled in this period, with the university becoming efficient in u
University of Salford
The University of Salford, Manchester is a public research university in Salford, Greater Manchester, England, 1 mile west of Manchester city centre. The Royal Technical Institute, which opened in 1896, became a College of Advanced Technology in 1956 and gained university status, following the Robbins Report into higher education, in 1967, it is in 160 acres of parkland on the banks of the River Irwell. The university's origins can be traced to the opening in 1896 of the Royal Technical Institute, Salford, a merger of Salford Working Men's College and Pendleton Mechanics' Institute; the Royal Technical Institute received royal letters after the then-Duke and Duchess of York officiated at its opening ceremony, an event commemorated in the university's Redbrick Peel Building and which allowed'Royal' to be appended to the name of the institute. At the start of the 20th century, mechanical engineering, chemical works and construction dominated the industrial scene in Salford; this influenced the choice of subjects offered in the nine departments opened.
These were Engineering, Electrical Engineering & Applied Physics, Chemistry, Dyeing, Spinning & Weaving and Art. Some 1,240 students registered for the first session in these departments. There were 19 members of staff. In 1921 the Institute was renamed Salford. In 1958 the institution split into two organisations: the remaining Royal Technical College and a breakaway institution, Peel Park Technical College; this changed its name first in 1961 to Salford Technical College, before becoming the Salford College of Technology in 1970, University College Salford in 1992. The Royal Technical College became a CAT in 1956, became known as the Royal College of Advanced Technology. In 1963, the government completed an inquiry into the state of higher education in the United Kingdom and produced the Robbins Report, which paved the way for the Royal College of Advanced Technology to assume university status by Royal Charter; the Royal College of Advanced Technology became the University of Salford on 10 February 1967, when Queen Elizabeth II handed over the institution's Royal Charter.
The first Vice-Chancellor was Clifford Whitworth. The first Chancellor was Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, who remained the university's chancellor until 1991. Prince Philip took a keen interest in the university whilst in office which has continued since and he visited the university's award-winning acoustics laboratories in 2008; the breakaway University College Salford merged with the University of Salford in 1996, to form a single institution. In 2012, the University of Salford announced a partnership with the UK's biggest arms company, four other universities in northwestern England in order to work on the Gamma Programme, which aims to develop "autonomous systems". On 5 September 2015, Salford was represented for the third time on University Challenge; the main Peel Park campus is less than 1.5 miles from Manchester city centre on the banks of the River Irwell, adjacent to Peel Park the first public park in the world, which opened on 22 August 1846. A former president of the Students' Union described Salford in 2007 as "a relaxed campus close to Manchester, but cheaper and greener."
Salford Crescent railway station is adjacent to the campus, high frequency bus services operate to Manchester and Bolton and Liverpool. There are other university facilities within a mile of the main campus, namely the Frederick Road and Adelphi campuses. Most of the university administration buildings are along Salford Crescent, opposite the Peel Campus; the Salford Museum and Art Gallery, said to be the first unconditionally free public library in England, is located on the Peel Park Campus. In October 2010 the university opened a learning and research space at MediaCityUK. Over 1,500 students will have opportunities to work near media professionals using the latest industry specified equipment and laboratories, they will study in 39 postgraduate programmes. The university embarked on a £150 million programme of investment in 2004, to deliver new buildings and carry out major refurbishment projects; these included: £22m Mary Seacole Building, opened in 2006, the purpose-built five storey facility for the College of Health and Social Care.
£10m Lady Hale Building for the Salford Law School which opened in February 2008. The whole building acts as its own night storage heating and cooling system thanks to a "Termodeck" system. £10m Innovation Forum Building Joule Physics Laboratory provides a suite of new, purpose-built physics teaching laboratories and is named after James Prescott Joule, whose former home is situated opposite the Peel Building. Opened in October 2011 - A new building for the university's College of Arts, Media & Social Sciences designed by 3XN Architects on the MediaCityUK site in Salford Quays - which will be home to five BBC departments. In summer 2013 construction work started on the £55 million New Adelphi building, due to open in September 2016, housing music, art and architecture students. Facilities will include a 350 capacity theatre, 140sqm studio theatre, 2 large TV acting studios, 36 dedicated rehearsal rooms, 6 industry standard recording studios, 12 amplified performance spaces, 2 dance studios, 3 floors of dedicated wood, textiles and plastics workshops, 7 photographic studios, 14 instrumental tuition rooms, a doubl
The London Gazette
The London Gazette is one of the official journals of record of the British government, the most important among such official journals in the United Kingdom, in which certain statutory notices are required to be published. The London Gazette claims to be the oldest surviving English newspaper and the oldest continuously published newspaper in the UK, having been first published on 7 November 1665 as The Oxford Gazette; this claim is made by the Stamford Mercury and Berrow's Worcester Journal, because The Gazette is not a conventional newspaper offering general news coverage. It does not have a large circulation. Other official newspapers of the UK government are The Edinburgh Gazette and The Belfast Gazette, apart from reproducing certain materials of nationwide interest published in The London Gazette contain publications specific to Scotland and Northern Ireland, respectively. In turn, The London Gazette carries not only notices of UK-wide interest, but those relating to entities or people in England and Wales.
However, certain notices that are only of specific interest to Scotland or Northern Ireland are required to be published in The London Gazette. The London and Belfast Gazettes are published by TSO on behalf of Her Majesty's Stationery Office, they are subject to Crown copyright. The London Gazette is published each weekday, except for bank holidays. Notices for the following, among others, are published: Granting of royal assent to bills of the Parliament of the United Kingdom or of the Scottish Parliament The issuance of writs of election when a vacancy occurs in the House of Commons Appointments to certain public offices Commissions in the Armed Forces and subsequent promotion of officers Corporate and personal insolvency Granting of awards of honours and military medals Changes of names or of coats of arms Royal Proclamations and other DeclarationsHer Majesty's Stationery Office has digitised all issues of the Gazette, these are available online; the official Gazettes are published by The Stationery Office.
The content, apart from insolvency notices, is available in a number of machine-readable formats, including XML and XML/RDFa via Atom feed. The London Gazette was first published as The Oxford Gazette on 7 November 1665. Charles II and the Royal Court had moved to Oxford to escape the Great Plague of London, courtiers were unwilling to touch London newspapers for fear of contagion; the Gazette was "Published by Authority" by Henry Muddiman, its first publication is noted by Samuel Pepys in his diary. The King returned to London as the plague dissipated, the Gazette moved too, with the first issue of The London Gazette being published on 5 February 1666; the Gazette was not a newspaper in the modern sense: it was sent by post to subscribers, not printed for sale to the general public. Her Majesty's Stationery Office took over the publication of the Gazette in 1889. Publication of the Gazette was transferred to the private sector, under government supervision, in the 1990s, when HMSO was sold and renamed The Stationery Office.
In time of war, despatches from the various conflicts are published in The London Gazette. People referred to are said to have been mentioned in despatches; when members of the armed forces are promoted, these promotions are published here, the person is said to have been "gazetted". Being "gazetted" sometimes meant having official notice of one's bankruptcy published, as in the classic ten-line poem comparing the stolid tenant farmer of 1722 to the lavishly spending faux-genteel farmers of 1822: Notices of engagement and marriage were formerly published in the Gazette. Gazettes, modelled on The London Gazette, were issued for most British colonial possessions. History of British newspapers Iris Oifigiúil The Dublin Gazette – in Ireland London Gazette index Official Journal of the European Union List of government gazettes London and Belfast Gazettes official site Great Fire of London 1666 – Facsimile and transcript of London Gazette report
Salford Quays is an area of Salford, Greater Manchester, near the end of the Manchester Ship Canal. The site of Manchester Docks, it became one of the first and largest urban regeneration projects in the United Kingdom following the closure of the dockyards in 1982. Built by the Manchester Ship Canal Company, Salford Docks was the larger of two that made up Manchester Docks, they were spanned 120 acres of water and 1,000 acres of land. At their height the Manchester Docks were the third busiest port in Britain, but after containerisation and the limit placed on vessel size on the Manchester Ship Canal, the docks declined in the 1970s, they closed in 1982. In 1983, Salford City Council acquired parts of the docks covering 220 acres from the Manchester Ship Canal Company with the aid of a derelict land grant; the area was rebranded as Salford Quays and redevelopment by Urban Waterside began in 1985 under the Salford Quays Development Plan. Faced with major pollution issues from quality of the water in the ship canal, dams were built to isolate the docks, after which water quality was improved by aerating it using a compressed air mixing system.
Within two years the quality was sufficient to introduce 12,000 coarse fish, which have thrived in the environment. Water quality is monitored fortnightly by scientists from APEM, the Manchester University Aquatic Pollution and Environmental Monitoring Unit, the improved habitat has been recognised by the Angling Foundation and the Institute of Fisheries Management. Between 1986 and 1990, the infrastructure of the docks was modified to create an internal waterway network. Roads and bridges were a promenade along the waterfront constructed and landscaped. Moorings and watersports facilities were provided and a railway swing bridge moved to cross Dock 9. A hotel, housing, offices were built on Piers 5 and 6 followed by more developments on Pier 7. Public funding and private investment totalled around £280 million by the early 1990s. Early in the planning stages for redevelopment of Salford Quays in 1988, potential was recognised for a landmark arts venue, the Salford Quays Centre for the Performing Arts, which became known as the Lowry Project in 1994.
It had secured £64 million in funding by 22 February 1996. The Lowry stands at the end of Pier 8 surrounded by the waters of the Manchester Ship Canal. Designed by James Stirling and Michael Wilford, it opened on 28 April 2000 and houses the 1,730 seat Lyric theatre, the 466 seat Quays theatre, studio spaces and 17,330 square feet of gallery space. There are bars and a restaurant at the south-western end of the building; the centre is associated with L. S. Lowry, houses a collection of his work; the Imperial War Museum North, on Trafford Wharf Road in Trafford Park, overlooks the Manchester Ship Canal on the opposite bank to the Lowry and MediaCityUK. The area was bombed during the Manchester Blitz in December 1940; the museum, designed by architect Daniel Libeskind, opened in July 2002. Its structure was designed to be a metaphor for a world shattered by war with sloping walls and ceilings. Three areas, the Air and Water Shards house exhibition and gallery space, public areas and restaurants; the museum is proud of its extensive collection of historical artifacts from the wars occurring during the 20th century, the museum has an exhibition house of whose theme changes on a regular basis.
As of 2013, the exhibition is dedicated to Medicine Through Time. The museum currently has a large artefact from the New York 9/11 Twin Tower disaster. Manchester United are a Premier League football club based in the Old Trafford section of the Quays, their stadium Old Trafford stands with a capacity of 74,994, it is the largest club football stadium in the United Kingdom. Manchester United are known for their working class vocal supporters and drew large amounts of their support from the dockers that worked on the former Manchester Docks, now the Quays. MediaCityUK is a 200-acre mixed-use property development on Pier 9 of the Quays with a focus on creative industries, it was developed by the Peel Group. Its principal tenants are media organisations including the BBC; the brownfield site occupied by the development was part of the Port of Manchester. The Lowry Outlet Mall contains outlet stores of well-known high-street businesses, including Cadbury's, Marks & Spencer and Gap; the mall contains coffee shops and convenience food chains, a multi-screen cinema operated by Vue.
Outside the mall, a bar and several restaurants overlook the Lowry plaza. The head office of the UK arm of Communicorp is situated in Laser House on Salford Quays, with the company's flagship stations 100.4 Smooth Radio and Real Radio XS broadcasting from studios there. Standing at the head of Erie Basin, Anchorage is a complex of buildings, home to BUPA and Barclaycard. To the north side of Erie Basin stand the Victoria and Alexandra buildings home to Haelo. To the south east, the former Colgate-Palmolive factory is undergoing a £25m renovation project known as Soapworks and set to create around 2,000 jobs and provide retail, leisure facilities and 350,000 sq ft of office space at Salford Quays. Quays Reach has, located between the Langworthy and MediaCityUK tram stops, houses numerous businesses such NSPCC and Datacentreplus; the Salford City College FutureSkills building is situated on the same road. Some of the first developments in Salford Quays were residential, initial builds consisting of traditional
Barnsley is a town in South Yorkshire, located halfway between Leeds and Sheffield. In the West Riding of Yorkshire, the town centre lies on the west bank of the Dearne Valley. Barnsley is surrounded by several smaller settlements which together form the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley, of which Barnsley is the largest and its administrative centre. At the 2011 Census, Barnsley had a population of 91,297. Barnsley is a former industrial town centred on linen in its former years and coal mining and textiles; the industries declined in the 20th century. Barnsley's culture is rooted in its industrial heritage and it has a tradition of brass bands created as social clubs by its mining communities, it is home of the Barnsley chop. The town is accessed from junctions 36, 37 and 38 of the M1 motorway and has a railway station on the Hallam and Penistone Lines. Barnsley F. C. is the local football club, which has competed in the second tier of British football for most of its history. Barnsley F. C. won the FA Cup in 1912.
The first reference to Barnsley occurs in 1086 in the Domesday Book, in which it is called Berneslai and has a population of around 200. The origin of the name Barnsley is subject to debate, but Barnsley Council claims that its origins lie in the Saxon word "Berne", for barn or storehouse, "Lay", for field; the town was in the parish of Silkstone and developed little until in the 1150s when it was given to the Pontefract Priory. The monks built a town where three roads met: the Sheffield to Wakefield, Rotherham to Huddersfield and Cheshire to Doncaster routes; the Domesday village became known as Old Barnsley, a town grew up on the new site. The monks erected a chapel of ease dedicated to Saint Mary, which survived until 1820, established a market. In 1249, a Royal charter was granted to Barnsley permitting it to hold a weekly market on Wednesdays and annual four-day fair at Michaelmas. By the 1290s, three annual fairs were held; the town was the centre of the Staincross wapentake, but in the mid-16th century had only 600 inhabitants.
From the 17th century, Barnsley developed into a stop-off point on the route between Leeds, Wakefield and London. The traffic generated as a result of its location fuelled trade, with hostelries and related services prospering. A principal centre for linen weaving during the 18th and 19th century, Barnsley grew into an important manufacturing town; the first passenger station to serve Barnsley was opened by the North Midland Railway in 1840. Barnsley station was located some 2½ miles away at Cudworth. On 1 January 1850 the Manchester and Leeds Railway opened Barnsley Exchange station, close to the town centre. On 1 May 1870 the Midland Railway opened a temporary structure. A new station was opened by the MR on the Regent Street site on 23 August 1873; as it incorporated the old court house in its construction Regent Street station was renamed Barnsley Court House station. Barnsley became a municipal borough in 1869, a county borough in 1913; the town's boundaries were extended to absorb Ardsley and Monk Bretton in 1921 and Carlton in 1938.
Barnsley was the site of a stampede that resulted in the deaths of 16 children in 1908, at a public hall now known as The Civic, when children were rushing to watch a film in the building. Barnsley has a long tradition of glass-making, however Barnsley is most famous for its coal mines. In 1960, there were 70 collieries within a 15-mile radius of Barnsley town centre, but the last of these closed in 1994; the National Union of Mineworkers still has its HQ in Barnsley. George Orwell mentioned the town in The Road to Wigan Pier, he arrived in the town on 11 March 1936 and spent a number of days in the town living in the houses of the working class miners while researching for the book. He wrote critically of the council's expenditure on the construction of Barnsley Town Hall and claimed that the money should have been spent on improving the housing and living conditions of the local miners. Barnsley was created a county borough in 1913, administered independently of the West Riding of Yorkshire.
In 1974, following the Local Government Act 1972, the county borough was abolished and Barnsley became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley in the new county of South Yorkshire, along with nine urban districts and parts of two rural districts of the surrounding area, including many towns and villages including Penistone and Cudworth. Elections to Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council have seen the Labour Party retain control of the council at every election. Following the latest election in 2012 the council has 53 Labour, 5 Barnsley Independent Group and 5 Conservative councillors; the borough council elects the mayor every year. On the day of the election, a parade takes place in front of the town hall in honour of the new mayor. Barnsley is split into four constituencies, Barnsley Central, whose MP is Dan Jarvis of the Labour party, Barnsley East, whose MP is Stephanie Peacock of the Labour party and Stocksbridge, whose MP is Angela Smith of The Independent Group, Wentworth and Dearne, whose MP is John Healey of the Labour Party.
Ardsley, Barugh Green, Carlton, Cundy Cross, Dodworth, Gawber, Honeywell, Kendray, Kingstone, Mapplewell, Monk Bretton, New Lodge, Old Town, Royston, Smithies, Stairfoot, Woolley Colliery, Wombwell. In 2011, Barnsley was: 94.7% White British 1.1% Asian 0.8% Black The town had a population of 91,297 in 2011. Barnsley is within a green belt region that extends into the borough