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Jerry Wexler

Gerald "Jerry" Wexler was a music journalist turned music producer, was one of the main record industry players behind music from the 1950s through the 1980s. He coined the term "rhythm and blues", was integral in signing and/or producing many of the biggest acts of the time, including Ray Charles, the Allman Brothers, Chris Connor, Aretha Franklin, Led Zeppelin, Wilson Pickett, Dire Straits, Dusty Springfield and Bob Dylan. Wexler was inducted to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1987 and in 2017 to the National Rhythm & Blues Hall of Fame. Gerald Wexler was born in The Bronx, New York City, the son of a German Jewish father and a Polish Jewish mother. Despite graduating from George Washington High School at age 15, he dropped out of the City College of New York after two semesters. In 1935, Wexler enrolled at what is now Kansas State University, where he studied intermittently for several years. Following his service in the Army, Wexler became a serious student, he graduated from Kansas State with a B.

A. in journalism in 1946. During his time as an editor and writer for Billboard Magazine, Wexler coined the term "rhythm and blues". In June 1949, at his suggestion, the magazine changed the name of the Race Records chart to Rhythm & Blues Records. Wexler wrote, "'Race' was a common term a self-referral used by blacks... On the other hand,'Race Records' didn't sit well... I came up with a handle I thought suited the music well –'rhythm and blues.'... a label more appropriate to more enlightened times."Wexler became a partner in Atlantic Records in 1953. There followed classic recordings with the Drifters and Ruth Brown. With Ahmet and Nesuhi Ertegün, he built Atlantic Records into a major force in the recording industry. In the 1960s, he recorded Wilson Pickett and Aretha Franklin, oversaw production of Dusty Springfield's acclaimed Dusty in Memphis and Lulu's New Routes albums, he cultivated a tight relationship with Stax Records, was an enthusiastic proponent of the then-developing Muscle Shoals Sound and launched the fortunes of Muscle Shoals Sound Studios and the Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section.

In 1967 he was named Record Executive of the Year for turning Aretha Franklin's career around. His work in this decade put Atlantic at the forefront of soul music. In 1968, he and Ahmet Ertegun signed Led Zeppelin to Atlantic Records on the recommendation of singer Dusty Springfield and from what they knew of the band's guitarist, Jimmy Page, from his performances with the Yardbirds. With its strong catalog, Atlantic Records was purchased by Warner Bros. Records in 1968. In 1975, Wexler moved from Atlantic to its parent Warner Records. In 1979, Wexler produced Bob Dylan's controversial first "born again" album, Slow Train Coming at Muscle Shoals; when Wexler agreed to produce, he was unaware of the nature of the material. "Naturally, I wanted to do the album in Muscle Shoals - as Bob did - but we decided to prep it in L. A. where Bob lived", recalled Wexler. "That's when I learned what the songs were about: born-again Christians in the old corral... I like the irony of Bob coming to me, the Wandering Jew, to get the Jesus feel...

I had no idea. I said,'Bob, you're dealing with a sixty-two-year-old confirmed Jewish atheist. I'm hopeless. Let's just make an album.'" In 1983, Wexler recorded with UK pop star George Michael. The most famous outtake of these sessions would prove to be a rare early version of "Careless Whisper", recorded in Muscle Shoals. In 1987, Wexler was inducted into the Roll Hall of Fame, he retired from the music business in the late 1990s. For most of the 1990s, Wexler lived on David's Lane in East Hampton, New York, where he shared living space with a Chinese family who aided him with daily functions and kept him company. In Ray, the biopic of Ray Charles, Jerry Wexler is portrayed by Richard Schiff. Wexler will be portrayed by Marc Maron in the movie Respect, the life story of Aretha Franklin, scheduled for release in October 2020. Tom Thurman directed a documentary film about Wexler, Immaculate Funk; the film takes its name from Wexler's own expression for the Atlantic sound. Wexler married thrice. In 1941, he married Shirley Kampf.

His second wife was Renee Pappas. His third wife was playwright-novelist Jean Arnold, he died at his home in Sarasota, Florida, on August 2008, from congestive heart failure. Asked by a documentary filmmaker several years before his death what he wanted on his tombstone, Wexler replied "Two words:'More bass'." Muscle Shoals, Alabama Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section Muscle Shoals Sound Studios FAME Studios Category:Albums produced by Jerry Wexler "Jerry Wexler". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Jerry Wexler at Find a Grave "Jerry Wexler" by Alex Halberstadt at Salon Jerry Wexler Interview NAMM Oral History Library

Battle of Salzbach

The Battle of Salzbach or Sasbach was fought July 27, 1675, between the armies of France and the Holy Roman Empire, during the Franco-Dutch War. The term "battle" is something of a misnomer because the encounter consisted of an artillery duel. However, it was costly for the French: the great French marshal, the Vicomte de Turenne, was killed by a cannonball; the Imperial army was commanded by the Italian Field Marshal Raimondo Montecuccoli. During the 1667-1668 War of Devolution, France captured most of the Spanish Netherlands but under the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, it was forced to relinquish most of these gains by the Triple Alliance between the Dutch Republic and Sweden. Louis XIV now moved to break up the Alliance before making another attempt on the Spanish Netherlands. In return for large subsidies, Sweden agreed to remain neutral and to attack its regional rival, Brandenburg-Prussia if it attempted to intervene. In 1670, Charles II of England signed the Treaty of Dover, agreeing to an alliance with France against the Dutch, the provision of 6,000 English and Scottish troops for the French army.

It contained a number of secret provisions, not revealed until 1771, one being the payment by Louis to Charles of £230,000 per year for the services of this Brigade. France invaded the Dutch Republic in May 1672 and seemed at first to have achieved an overwhelming victory. However, the Dutch position stabilised, while concern at French gains brought support from Frederick William of Brandenburg-Prussia, Emperor Leopold and Charles II of Spain. Louis was now forced into another war of attrition around the French frontiers and in August, an Imperial army opened a new front in the Rhineland; the French army in Germany was led by Turenne, considered the greatest general of the period. Over the next two years, he won a series of victories over superior Imperial forces led by Alexander von Bournonville and Raimondo Montecuccoli, the one commander contemporaries viewed as equal to Turenne. France found itself over-extended, a problem that increased in January 1674 when Denmark joined the Alliance; the campaign that started in June 1674 and ended with his death in July 1675, has been described as'possibly Turenne's most brilliant campaign.'

Outnumbered, he fought Bournonville to a standstill at Entzheim in early October, followed by a surprise winter attack that culminated in another decisive victory at the Battle of Turckheim in January 1675. After Bournonville's defeat, Montecuccoli took over command of the Imperial forces in southern Germany, he hoped to make up for the recent disaster by crossing the Rhine River at Strasbourg and re-occupying Alsace. In the spring of 1675, he marched west through the Black Forest into the Rhine valley. There, he gathered in the remnants of some 8,000 men; the Imperial army now numbered 14,000 horse. On May 20, Montecuccoli established his headquarters at Willstatt. At the same time, his scouts reached Kehl, the town on the east bank of the Rhine opposite Strasbourg; as Montecuccoli approached the east bank of the Rhine and his army—20,000 foot and 15,000 horse—moved to block the Imperials on the opposite bank. The French commander sent word to Strasbourg an independent city, demanding that the Imperial army not be allowed to use the city's bridge over the Rhine.

However, unimpressed by Turenne's recent victory, Strasbourg favored the Empire. Not only did the city authorities permit Montecuccoli to cross on May 22, but they supplied his headquarters with delicacies. For his part, the Imperial commander seemed intimidated by Turenne's approach. Although Montecuccoli crossed the Rhine, he did not bring his army with him, he made a pretense of moving troops to Kehl, but he and his army were soon marching north to attempt a crossing elsewhere. On May 31, Montecuccoli crossed to the west bank of the Rhine near Speyer. However, his move was nothing more than a feint designed to draw Turenne north, away from Strasbourg. Turenne was not taken in by the ruse; the French army began to build temporary bridges across the Rhine at Ottenheim south of Strasbourg on June 6, the French were across by June 8. Now both armies were on the east bank; as Montecuccoli had done, Turenne chose Willstatt for his headquarters. The Imperial army hurried south to confront the French who now blocked the way to Kehl and Strasbourg.

The Imperial advance guard, 4,000 men under Charles of Lorraine, attacked the French lines but was repelled. Montecuccoli attempted another feint to draw Turenne away from Kehl, he marched around the French eastern flank, to occupy Offenburg. He sent troops further south to threaten the French bridges at Ottenheim. Refusing to take the bait, Turenne pulled up his bridges and moved them north, closer to Willstatt. For a week, the two armies watched each other, neither side willing to bring on a general engagement. At last, lack of forage forced Montecuccoli to withdraw north to entrench his army along the Rench River, 10 miles from Strasbourg, he left 5,000 men under Count Aeneas de Caprara to hold Offenburg. In response, Turenne moved most of his army to face the new Imperial position while keeping a garrison in Willstatt. Both sides suffered from the weather. French horses were reduced to eating leaves, the troops suffered under continuous rain. While the armies marked time waiting for better weather, Turenne had a close call.

Peasants fired on a party of French officers, killing a guard who stood near Turenne. The rain let up on July 22, Turenne began a

Gregg Hammann

Gregg Hammann is an American businessman, the president of the Nautilus Corporation from 2003–2007 and a vice president of The Coca-Cola Company from 1996 to 2000. Hammann grew up on a farm near Bellevue and attended Bellevue High School, he received a bachelor's degree in business administration from the University of Iowa, earned his M. B. A. from the University of Wisconsin–Madison. At Iowa, he played wide receiver for Hawkeyes coach Hayden Fry. Hammann managed the Crest brands for consumer products giant Procter & Gamble, he developed a business program for shoe marketer Famous Footwear that supported the company's plan to triple its retail presence. Hammann served as general manager of the Canadian division of battery maker Rayovac, he was named a vice president of The Coca-Cola Company from 1996 to 2000, where he led the National Account fountain group. Hammann was chief customer officer for global apparel giant Levi Strauss & Co. from 2001 to 2003. While there, he introduced a new, down channel, $1 billion brand of Levi's to Wal-Mart stores worldwide.

Hammann joined Nautilus Corporation in 2003, replacing Brian Cook, who had held the CEO position for 17 years. Under Hammann's leadership in 2005, Nautilus launched a three-year plan to leverage its five brands, Bowflex, Schwinn Fitness and Pearl Izumi. Hammann resigned in August 2007. Hammann was replaced by Robert Falcone, named to the positions of president and chief executive. A report of Falcone's appointment noted that Nautilus had encountered financial difficulties due to increased distribution of the company's Bowflex machines and apparel lines to sports retailers just as consumer spending tailed off. In 2008, Hammann returned to his home town, Iowa, to coach track and football at Bellevue High. In 2009, he was named the head football coach at Beckman High School in Iowa. From 2008 till September 2012 he was the CEO at Power Plate International Limited, which manufactures fitness equipment and CEO at Action Advisors. Https://

Khalil Rahman

Khalil Rahman is a Bangladeshi political cartoonist. His cartoons have been appearing on the front page of some leading Bengali dailies including The Daily Jugantor and the daily Samakal. Khalil Rahman grew up in a small village in Jhenaidah District. From his school days, he has drawn cartoons for national dailies, but he started his career as a political cartoonist in The New Nation in 2003 when he was studying at university. After he worked 2 years for the newspaper he joined a Bengali daily newspaper. Khalil worked for the newspaper for about 3 years; as a cartoonist he joined the Samakal, a leading national daily. His cartoons were published on the front page of The daily for 5 years. At present Khalil is working as a political cartoonist for The Daily Jugantor, a popular daily newspaper in Bangladesh. Since his early career days, his political cartoons carry strong messages, his cartoons reflect political violence, corruption, traffic jams of Dhaka city, load shedding as well as social evils.

His cartoons are distributed internationally by, one of the most popular and largest editorial cartoon's websites around the world, which distributes editorial cartoons and columns to over 850 newspapers. Khalil's cartoons have the power inside their strokes to unveil the hidden truth from an event. About his cartoon, American Pulitzer prize winner cartoonist Steave Sack said,'Khalil Rahman's cartoons are a fresh and witty visual delight. With his vibrant drawing style he expertly comments on today's issues with cleverness and charm. Bangladeshi famous cartoonist Rafikun Nabi and Shishir Bhattacharya eulogized him for his cartoons; the Best of Khalil -


Khaled's Ya-Rayi studio album was released in Europe in August 2004 by AZ Records, a label of Universal Music France, licensed in UK, reissued in United States on June 27, 2005. The European release was dubbed a "back to the roots" album, while the United States release was dubbed a "peace through music" album; the album includes remakes of El Hadj M'Hamed El Anka's "El-H'mam" and Rabah Driassa and Blaoui Houari's "H'mama". "Mani Hani" "Ya-Rayi" "Zine Zina" "El-H'mam" "Lemen" "Ya Galbi" "H'mama" "Ensa El Hem" "Hagda" "El Ghira" "El-H'mam" In the UK the Universal Music France album was licensed unchanged to Wrasse Records with the French album track listing and an extra DVD of music clips. The Wrasse Records release included the original French booklet with Arabic sung texts in French romanization and studio notes in French, but with a CD backing tray insert in English. Ya-Rayi on, Ya-Rayi's lyrics and English lyrics translation

Belews Lake

Belews Lake is a reservoir in Stokes, Rockingham and Forsyth counties of North Carolina, near the towns of Stokesdale and Pine Hall. It was created in 1973 by the Duke Energy corporation to provide cooling water for the corporation's Belews Creek Steam Station, a coal-burning power plant; the lake has a surface area of an 88-mile shoreline. It is held back by a concrete spillway; the northern portion of the lake has depths of over 100 feet and the lake reaches up to 130 feet deep in the vicinity of the dam. There is no hydroelectric power generation at this dam, so the lake is not bound by many FERC regulations, it was formed from a small tributary of the Dan River. U. S. Route 158 and North Carolina Highway 65, as well as a number of secondary roads provide access to the lake. Boating and water skiing are common on the lake. Two marinas on the lake include Humphrey's Ridge, which has a grill that serves food, Carolina Marina, which has boat sales and service facilities. Selenium pollution Duke Energy - Belews Lake Stokesdale News On Belews Lake