Jewelry Television

Jewelry Television is an American television network. It was called the America's Collectibles Network; the company sells men's jewelry. It has an estimated reach of more than 80 million U. S. households, through cable and satellite providers, online streaming and limited over-the-air broadcasters. The headquarters of Jewelry Television are located in Tennessee, it has manufacturing facilities in Sri Lanka, Hong Kong, Thailand. Jewelry Television was founded as "America's Collectibles Network" in 1993 by Jerry Sisk, Jr. Bob Hall, Bill Kouns. Sisk was a graduate gemologist, Kouns was a jewelry expert, Hall had worked in the television industry; the fledgling network began broadcasting from a studio in Greeneville, with just one television camera. ACN sold gemstones and collectible coins. Sisk and Kouns moved the network to a larger headquarters and television studio in Knoxville. In 2002, the company relaunched as Jewelry Television and has since focused on selling gemstones and jewelry-making kits.

In 2006, Jewelry Television bought competitor Shop at its assets from Scripps. On June 21, 2006, Jewelry Television replaced Shop at Home on Shop at Home-affiliated stations owned by Scripps. In 2008 and 2009, Jewelry Television experienced multiple rounds of layoffs, due to the "great recession" and increasing prices of gold and silver. Jewelry Television has 1,400 employees, as of May 2019. Jewelry Television airs 24 hours a day, although programming hours vary between each region, based on the local TV provider. In October 2008 the network began broadcasting in high definition; the network streams online through its website, like most home shopping networks. In April 2012, Jewelry Television launched the Titanic Jewelry Collection. Created in partnership with Titanic Museum Attractions, this proprietary collection offers pieces in the Art Nouveau and Edwardian styles typical of that era. On March 26, 2008, Jewelry Television filed suit in the U. S. District Court in Tennessee against Lloyd's of London, as a result of a criminal scheme that took place in 2006 and 2007.

A person had used a bank account of the Office of the Comptroller of the City of New York to buy more than $3.5 million in jewelry. On May 23, 2008, a $5 million class action lawsuit was filed in California against Jewelry Television; the suit alleged that since 2003 the shopping network has sold a gemstone called andesine-labradorite without disclosing its treatment, while promising buyers that this stone was rare and untreated. On June 2, 2008, Jewelry Television said andesine-labradorite has been sold in the gem trade since 2002 as natural and untreated material. "Lab reports from major laboratories have confirmed these gemstones as natural and untreated. Jewelry Television, like other major retailers, relied upon the lab reports and general industry information". On May 19, 2009, an age discrimination lawsuit was filed against Jewelry Television alleging an employee had been terminated as part of a company-wide reduction in workforce the previous May. Official website


Russin is a municipality in the canton of Geneva in Switzerland. Russin is first mentioned around 1100 as Russino und Rucins. In 1217 it was mentioned as Russins. Russin has an area, as of 2009, of 4.91 square kilometers. Of this area, 2.63 km2 or 53.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 1.04 km2 or 21.2% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.67 km2 or 13.6% is settled, 0.42 km2 or 8.6% is either rivers or lakes and 0.19 km2 or 3.9% is unproductive land. Of the built up area and buildings made up 2.4% and transportation infrastructure made up 5.9%. Power and water infrastructure as well as other special developed areas made up 5.1% of the area Out of the forested land, 19.1% of the total land area is forested and 2.0% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 24.6% is used for growing crops and 6.1% is pastures, while 22.8% is used for orchards or vine crops. Of the water in the municipality, 1.2 % is in lakes and 7.3 % streams. The municipality is located on the right bank of the Rhone river.

It consists of the hamlets of Verbois, La Chaumaz and Les Baillets. The municipality of Russin consists of the sub-sections or villages of Molards, Russin - plateau, Teppes-du-Biolay and Russin - village. Russin has a population of 541; as of 2008, 23.8% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 16.6%. It has changed at a rate of 6 % due to births and deaths. Most of the population speaks French, with German being second most common and Portuguese being third. There are 4 people; as of 2008, the gender distribution of the population was 48.6 % female. The population was made up of 59 non-Swiss men. There were 63 non-Swiss women. Of the population in the municipality 105 or about 26.8% were born in Russin and lived there in 2000. There were 123 or 31.4% who were born in the same canton, while 52 or 13.3% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, 93 or 23.7% were born outside of Switzerland. In 2008 there were 4 live births to Swiss citizens and 3 births to non-Swiss citizens, in same time span there.

Ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens increased by 4 while the foreign population increased by 3. There were 1 Swiss woman who emigrated from Switzerland. At the same time, there was 1 non-Swiss man and 5 non-Swiss women who immigrated from another country to Switzerland; the total Swiss population change in 2008 was an increase of 1 and the non-Swiss population increased by 6 people. This represents a population growth rate of 1.8%. The age distribution of the population is children and teenagers make up 25.5% of the population, while adults make up 62.2% and seniors make up 12.2%. As of 2000, there were 160 people who never married in the municipality. There were 19 individuals who are divorced; as of 2000, there were 155 private households in the municipality, an average of 2.4 persons per household. There were 42 households that consist of 14 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 163 households that answered this question, 25.8% were households made up of just one person and there was 1 adult who lived with their parents.

Of the rest of the households, there are 49 married couples without children, 52 married couples with children There were 8 single parents with a child or children. There were 3 households that were made up of unrelated people and 8 households that were made up of some sort of institution or another collective housing. In 2000 there were 77 single family homes out of a total of 125 inhabited buildings. There were 14 multi-family buildings, along with 23 multi-purpose buildings that were used for housing and 11 other use buildings that had some housing. Of the single family homes 32 were built before 1919, while 6 were built between 1990 and 2000; the most multi-family homes were built before 1919 and the next most were built between 1961 and 1970. There were 2 multi-family houses built between 1996 and 2000. In 2000 there were 162 apartments in the municipality; the most common apartment size was 4 rooms of which there were 43. There were 53 apartments with five or more rooms. Of these apartments, a total of 144 apartments were permanently occupied, while 10 apartments were seasonally occupied and 8 apartments were empty.

As of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 56 new units per 1000 residents. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 0%; the historical population is given in the following chart: The Campagne De La Grand’Cour is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance. In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP; the next three most popular parties were the Green Party, the FDP and the SP. In the federal election, a total of 152 votes were cast, the voter turnout was 64.1%. In the 2009 Grand Conseil election, there were a total of 265 registered voters; the most popular party in the municipality for this election was the Les Radicaux with

Human trafficking in Georgia (country)

Human trafficking in Georgia is common, where people are subjected to forced prostitution and forced labor. In 2009, women and girls from Georgia were forced into prostitution in Georgia, the United Arab Emirates, Greece. In recent years, cases of forced prostitution of Georgian victims were documented in Russia and Austria. Men and women have been forced into labor in Georgia and Turkey. Men from Turkey are forced into labor in the breakaway region of Abkhazia, outside the Georgian government’s control; the government of Georgia complies with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking. The government demonstrated strong efforts to identify and assist victims of trafficking and again increased its victim assistance funding to $312,000; the government demonstrated impressive law enforcement success increasing the number of individuals convicted of trafficking, again ensuring all convicted trafficking offenders served some time in prison. The Georgian government demonstrated strong prevention efforts and continued its close partnership with anti-trafficking NGOs in both victim assistance and prevention efforts.

U. S. State Department's Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons placed the country in "Tier 1" in 2017. Street children in Georgia, are susceptible to exploitation through means of trafficking. Whether it be through begging or theft by third parties, including their parents, this subcategory of the population is considered to be at risk. Children working in agriculture and in the informal urban economy are vulnerable to forced labor. Trafficking of children is a large concern within this area. Thousands of children living in the streets and in orphanages are trafficked annually; some families experiencing economic hardship have been forced to separate, which has directly increased the number of children living on the streets in Georgia. This is a direct result of familial stress on the children, which leads to youth feeling responsible to take on means of supporting the family in hard times, by bringing in money through illegal means; as a large portion of children, who are susceptible to be drawn into the realm of trafficking, are first noted as high-risk youth and street children, it is relevant to note that statistic that UNICEF estimated that 28.8 percent of children ages 5 to 14 years in Georgia were working in 1999.

While the majority of working children work in family businesses, in agriculture in rural areas, there are reports of significant numbers of children, some as young as 5 years old, engaged in begging or working on the streets. Children as young as 9 years old are found working in markets, sometimes at night, involved in carrying or loading wares. Children work in cafes, gas stations, for street photographers; the relevance of these statistics annotate the sense that a majority of these working children are out in the community, as opposed to working within the safer confines of their homes. Having to go outside the home to work within the community at a young age plays a role in the risk of being a youth in this area. According to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, police violence against street children is a problem. In general, there is a lack of social safety services for children living on the street, with disabilities or from dysfunctional households. Children young girls are trafficked for the purposes of Commercial sexual exploitation of children for prostitution and pornography.

In 2003, the statistical bureau of the Supreme Court reported 24 registered cases of the use of children in the drug trade and trafficking. This burden can lead to negative impacts the female as they mature on both their sexual health, as well as concerns about their mental stability; the government of Georgia complies with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking where children are involved. During the year, local experts expressed serious concerns about the government’s view of its trafficking problem and its lack of effective efforts in the first half of the reporting period to proactively identify victims of this serious crime. In the duration of the reporting period, the government increased the number of trafficking cases investigated and the percentage of prosecutions that resulted in convictions of trafficking offenders; the government significantly increased funding for anti-trafficking training and trafficking prevention activities, including in the budgets of its shelters for victims.

The government increased the number of Georgian officials provided training on victim identification. The Government of Georgia demonstrated increased law enforcement efforts during the reporting period. Georgia prohibits all forms of trafficking in persons through Article 143 of its criminal code, which prescribes penalties ranging from seven to 20 years’ imprisonment; these penalties are sufficiently stringent and are commensurate with those for other serious crimes, such as rape. In 2009, the government investigated 33 trafficking cases, compared with 14 investigations in 2008. Authorities prosecuted 40 individuals for trafficking – including three individuals for forced labor – compared with 10 individuals prosecuted for sex trafficking in 2008. Thirty-seven trafficking offenders were convicted in 2009, a significant increase from 10 convicted offenders in 2008. All 37 convicted trafficking offenders were sentenced to time in prison; the average sentence was 21 years’ imprisonment. There were no reports of trafficking-related complicity of law enforcement personnel from either NGOs or the government.

In 2009, the government relied on partnerships with local NGOs and international organizatio