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Jewish population by country

As of 2018, the world's Core Jewish Population, those identifying as Jews above all else, was 14.6 million. The Connected Jewish Population, including those who say they are Jewish or that have Jewish background from at least one Jewish parent, in addition to the Core Jewish Population, was 17.8 million. The Enlarged Jewish Population, including those who say they have Jewish background but not a Jewish parent, all non-Jewish household members who live in households with Jews, in addition to the Jewish Connected Population, was 20.7 million. And the Law of Return Jewish Population, which counts all those eligible to immigration to Israel under its Law of Return, 23.5 million. Two countries, the United States, Israel, including the West Bank, account for 81% of those recognised as Jews and eligible for citizenship by Israel under its Law of Return. France, Russia, United Kingdom, Germany, Brazil and Hungary hold an additional 16%, the remaining 3% are spread around 98 other countries and territories with less than 0.5% each.

With nearly 6.5 million Jews, Israel is the only Jewish majority and explicitly Jewish state. In 1939, the core Jewish population reached its historical peak of 17 million. Due to the Holocaust, the number was reduced to 11 million in 1945; the population grew to around 13 million by the 1970s, recorded near-zero growth until around 2005 due to low fertility rates and to assimilation. From 2005 to 2018, the world's Jewish population grew on average 0.63% annually. This increase reflected the rapid growth of Haredi and some Orthodox sectors, who are becoming a growing proportion of Jews. Recent Jewish population dynamics are characterized by continued steady increase in the Israeli Jewish population and flat or declining numbers in other countries; the Jewish population of Israel increased from the country's inception in 1948 to 6,135,000 in 2014 while the population of the diaspora has dropped from 10.5 to 8.1 million over the same period. Current Israeli Jewish demographics are characterized by a high fertility rate of 3 children per woman and a stable age distribution.

The overall growth rate of Jews in Israel is 1.7% annually. The diaspora countries, by contrast, have low Jewish birth rates, an elderly age composition, a negative balance of people leaving Judaism versus those joining. Immigration trends favor Israel ahead of diaspora countries; the Jewish state has a positive immigration balance. Israel saw its Jewish numbers buoyed by a million-strong wave of Jewish immigrants from the former Soviet Union in the 1990s and immigration growth has been steady in the low tens of thousands since then. In the rest of the world, only the United States, Canada and Germany have had a positive recent Jewish migration balance outside of Israel. In general, the modern English-speaking world has seen an increase in its share of the diaspora since the Holocaust and the foundation of Israel, while historic Jewish populations in Eastern Europe, North Africa, the Middle East have declined or disappeared. France continues to be home to the world's third largest Jewish community, around 500,000, but has shown an negative trend.

Emigration loss to Israel amongst French Jews reached the tens of thousands between 2014 and 2017 following a wave of antisemitic attacks. The number of Jews in the United States has been the subject of much debate because of questions over counting methodology. In 2012, Sheskin and Dashefsky put forward a figure of 6.72 million based on a mixture of local surveys, informed local estimates, US census data. They qualified their estimate with a concern over double counting and suggested the real figure may lie between 6 and 6.4 million. Drawing on their work, the Steinhardt Social Research Institute released their own estimate of 6.8 million Jews in the United States in 2013. These figures are in contrast to Israeli demographer Sergio Della Pergola's number of 5,425,000 in 2012, he has called high estimates “implausible” and “unreliable” although he revised the United States Jewish number upward to 5.7 million in subsequent years. This controversy followed a similar debate in 2001 when the National Jewish Population Survey released a United States Jewish estimate as low as 5.2 million only to have serious methodological errors suggested in their survey.

In sum, a confidence interval of a million or more people is to persist in reporting on the number of Jewish Americans. Below is a list of Jewish populations in the world by country. All data below, but the last column, is from the Berman Jewish DataBank at Stanford University in the World Jewish Population report coordinated by Sergio DellaPergola at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem; the Jewish DataBank figures are based on national censuses combined with trend analysis. Core Jewish Population refers to those; the Connected Jewish Population, in addition to the Core Jewish Population, includes those who say they are Jewish or that have Jewish background from at least one Jewish parent. The Enlarged Jewish Population includes the Jewish Connected Population and those who say they have Jewish background but not a Jewish parent, all non-Jews living in households with Jews; the Law of Return Jewish Population includes all those eligible to immigration to Israel under its Law of Return. The above table represents Jews that number at least a few dozen per country.

Reports exist of Jewish communities remaining in other territories in the low single digits that are on the verge of disapp

Roi Heenok

Henoc Beauséjour known by his stage name Roi Heenok is a Canadian rapper and entrepreneur of Haitian descent from Montreal, Quebec. Roi Heenok has achieved notoriety in France and the French rap market since 2004 as a result of his successful use of Internet marketing. An avant-gardist who always commands his crowd, Roi Heenok was the first viral video star at a time when YouTube & DailyMotion were only starting to be used as branding tools. Considered a legend in the French rap world, Roi Heenok is known for his unique and authentic style of Queens Bridge French rap. Roi Heenok has worked with legendary artist Raekwon from the Wu-Tang Clan, G. O. D Pt.3 from Infamous Mobb, Green Money, Alibi Montana & Le Gued Muss. His music has appeared on the album Capitale du Crime 2 of Sony artist La Fouine. Roi Heenok has released three mixtapes:'Propagande Américaine: La Dose in 2005, Cocaino Rap Musique Vol.1 in 2007 & Cocaino Rap Musique Vol.2, France in 2009. He released his first Independent album under his label Gangster & Gentleman Inc. on 12/12/12, entitled Noirs et Professionnels on iTunes.

Roi Heenok has starred in three movie projects: Les Mathématiques du Roi Heenok directed by Mohammed Mazouz & Romain Gavras,'Le Monde Selon Roi Heenok' &'Le Retour à Queens Bridge' directed by Amine Bouziane, Julien Lafond & Henoc Beauséjour. Roi Heenok founded his first clothing line Ghetto Elegance in 2008 Henoc Beauséjour emigrated to the United States at age two. After moving several times throughout the world, his family settled in Montreal, Quebec. In 1989, Roi Heenok moved to Queens, New York to further craft his early love for hip hop culture and DJing, he opened his first label Drama Stay Life Entertainment and producing local artists such as Iman Thug, Bam Gotti, Rudy Red. In 1999, Roi Heenok returned to Montreal to open his recording studio. In 2003 he opened his current label Gangster & Gentleman Records Inc. signing and producing local artists Rap Iso, UgoBoss and Lynn. In 2005, Roi Heenok made his first appearance on MTVFrance during his anticipated arrival in Paris, he went on to work on movie projects including Kourtrajmé's January 2008 release of Les Mathématiques du Roi Heenok, the first DVD project directed by Mohamed Mazouz & Romain Gavras.

On April 17, 2008, Henoc Beauséjour was arrested at his Montreal recording studio stemming from the content of the 2008 DVD'Les Mathématiques du Roi'. Henoc Beauséjour was'acquitted' of all charges in 2013. Propagande Américaine: La Dose, La Mixtape Cocaïno Rap Musique Vol.1: le CD mixé Styles Libres Exclusifs Volume 1 Cocaïno Rap Musique Vol.1 le DVD et CD mixé Styles Libres Exclusifs Édition Limitée Cocaïno Rap Musique Volume 2: Édition Finale Noirs et Professionnels, Les Mathématiques du Roi Heenok, DVD Kourtrajmé, Cocaïno Rap Musique le DVD, Stuff Productions Le Monde selon Roi Heenok, DVD Stuff Productions Le Retour à Queens Bridge, web-series, G&G Films & Stuff Productions, Gangster et Gentlemen, Heenok's musical group Roi Heenok's official website an interview Roi Heenok's clothing line Roi Heenok on dailymotion

Standards in Public Office Commission

The Standards in Public Office Commission is an independent body established in December 2001 by the Irish Government under the Standards in Public Office Act, 2001. It replaced the Public Offices Commission, established in November 1995 by the Ethics in Public Office Act, 1995; the Electoral Commission proposed by the outgoing Irish government would have subsumed the electoral of SIPO. The Public Standards Bill 2015 proposed to repeal the Ethics in Public Office Act, 1995, establish a new Office of the Public Sector Standards Commissioner and a broadened role in the supervision of public sector standards, including greater powers of enforcement, it was proposed that the new body would take over the ethics functions of SIPO which would no longer exist. However the future of these initiatives is now uncertain as a result of the 2016 General Election; the commission is the supervisory body for compliance with legislation concerning ethical issues regarding politicians, office holders and civil servants The commission supervises compliance with legislation limiting donations to political parties in Ireland and election expenditure.

This is a broad remit and applies to donations received by sitting Members of both Houses of the Oireachtas and members of the European Parliament representing Irish constituencies. It applies to individual candidates at elections for Dáil Éireann, Seanad Éireann, the European Parliament and the President of Ireland; the Commission maintains the Register of Third Parties. The Commission makes reports to the Chairman of Dáil Éireann Ceann Comhairle in relation to donations; the commission supervises the disclosure of interests by politicians. All members of the Houses of the Oireachtas must provide the Commission with tax clearance certificates; this applies to the Attorney General and senior State-appointed members of public bodies. The Commission gives advice in individual cases; the Commission provides these statements of interests to the Clerk of Dáil Éireann or the Clerk of Seanad Éireann as appropriate, who publish registers of Members’ interests. The commission monitors the expenditure of State funding by political parties.

It makes reports to the Chairman of Dáil Éireann Ceann Comhairle on the use of State financing by political parties under the Electoral Acts. The Commission examines expenditure paid from the annual allowances to the leaders of parliamentary parties for expenses arising from the parties' parliamentary activities, including research; the commission makes reports to the Minister for Finance on the expenditure of the party leaders' allowances. Since 1 July 2014, the Party Leader's Allowance has been replaced by the Parliamentary Activities Allowance; the commission may receive complaints and carry out investigations against alleged breaches of the Ethics Acts. It may not receive complaints about Members of the Oireachtas as these are dealt with by the Oirechtas; the commission may hold sittings under the Ethics Acts. It provides a report to those specified in the legislation; the investigation reports are published on its website. The commission issues codes of conduct for politicians, office holders, civil servants.

It issues statutory guidelines for compliance. The commission may designate officials to give individual advice to individuals affected by the Ethics Acts; the commission can decide to open an investigation on its own initiative for breaches of the Ethics Acts. The Commission makes annual reports to the Minister for Public Expenditure and Reform which are laid before each House of the Oireachtas. In the annual reports, the commission makes recommendations for changes to ethics and other relevant legislation; the 2013 annual report summarises all previous recommendations. The Commission has been given new responsibility by the Regulation of Lobbying Act 2015 which introduces a statutory register of lobbying, rules concerning the practice of lobbying; the purpose of the Act is to provide for a web-based Register of Lobbying to make information available to the public on the identity of those communicating with designated public officials on specific policy, legislative matters or prospective decisions.

The Act provides restrictions and conditions on the taking up of certain employments by certain designated officials for a specified period of time where a possible conflict of interest arises. The Act states that the Standards Commission will be the Registrar of Lobbying and will establish an online Register of Lobbying; the Standards Commission will oversee the implementation of the register, monitor compliance, provide guidance and assistance and where necessary investigate and pursue breaches of legal requirements in due course. The Act was signed into law on Wednesday 11 March 2015; the focus in the initial period of the implementation of the Act was on guidance and information and ensuring that registrants were familiar with the process of submitting their returns online. Enforcement provisions provided for in Part 4 of the Regulation of Lobbying Act 2015 did not come into effect until 1 January 2017. From 1 January 2017, however, a person who does not register as required by the Act or does not submit a return of their lobbying activities or is late submitting a return of their lobbying activities is subject to the offences and penalties provided for in the Act.

Since the Electoral Act 2001, SIPO has maintained a register of "third parties", defined as "any individual or group, other than a registered political party or election candidate, who or which accepts, in a particular calendar year, a donation for political purposes exceed


Chouchi was a polity of the Di ethnicity in modern-day Gansu Province during the Sixteen Kingdoms and Southern and Northern Dynasties. At the beginning of the 3rd century CE Yang Teng, chieftain of the White Neck Di, had occupied the southeast area of modern Gansu province, at the upper course of the Han River, his followers Yang Ju and Yang Qianwan paid tribute to the emperors of the Cao-Wei Dynasty and were rewarded with the title of Prince. Yang Feilong shifted the center of the Chouchi realm back to Lüeyang, where his successor Yang Maosou reigned as independent king at the beginning of the 4th century; the Chouchi troops plundered territories in the Central Plains to the east and abducted people there, but on the other side the troops of Eastern Jin and Former Zhao deprived the Chouchi empire of her inhabitants. In 322 Yang Nandi suffered a defeat against Former Zhao and was degraded to Prince of Wudu and Duke of Chouchi; the next years are characterized by numerous internal struggles among the Yang clan and several throne usurpations.

The rulers were not seen as mere regional inspectors or governors of their region under the government of Jin. In 371 Fu Jiàn, ruler of Former Qin attacked Chouchi, captured the ruler Yang Cuan and ended the period of Former Chouchi. Yang Ding, a great-grandson of Yang Maosou and grandson of Fu Jiàn, resurrected the Chouchi kingdom in 385 with the capital at Licheng, his younger brother Yang Sheng was able to conquer the region Liangzhou at the upper course of the Han River, declared himself governor for the Jin Dynasty. Efforts to occupy the territory of modern Sichuan failed, but Chouchi controlled a great part of the modern provinces Gansu and Shaanxi. After 443 the lords of Chouchi were only puppet rulers controlled by the Northern Wei. Historians talk of the five realms of Chouchi: Former and Later Chouchi, Yinping 陰平, Wudu 武都, Wuxing 武興. Di Wu Hu List of past Chinese ethnic groups


Metridioidea is a superfamily of sea anemones in the order Actiniaria. Families in the superfamily Metridioidea include: Family Acontiophoridae Family Actinoscyphiidae Family Aiptasiidae Family Aiptasiomorphidae Family Aliciidae Family Amphianthidae Family Andvakiidae Family Antipodactinidae Family Bathyphelliidae Family Boloceroididae Family Diadumenidae Family Gonactiniidae Family Halcampidae Family Haliactinidae Family Hormathiidae Family Isanthidae Family Kadosactinidae Family Metridiidae Family Nemanthidae Family Nevadneidae Family Octineonidae Family Ostiactinidae Family Phelliidae Family Sagartiidae Family Sagartiomorphidae Family Spongiactinidae

First African Baptist Church and Parsonage (Scott County, Kentucky)

First African Baptist Church and Parsonage is an significant church building and an associated parsonage located in the United States on West Jefferson Avenue in Georgetown, Kentucky. In 1842, First Baptist Church moved from their West Jefferson location to a site closer to Georgetown College on College and Hamilton Streets; the church's previous building and property were leased to local black Baptists so a new congregation for blacks could be formed. The current building was constructed in 1870; the buildings were added to the U. S. National Register of Historic Places in 1984; the First Baptist Church congregation in Georgetown, Kentucky was organized in 1811, its first meeting house erected on West Jefferson Street in 1815. In 1842 Howard Malcom, the pastor of the church and president of Georgetown College, urged the relocation of the church to a site near the college; the congregation moved from their West Jefferson location to a site on Hamilton Streets. The building at the original site was leased to black congregation.

G. W. Dupee, a slave, was the first official pastor of the black congregation. Reuben Lee was pastor when the current building was constructed in 1870; the church building has a Gothic Revival style. The original twin doors to accommodate women and men separately entering have been closed on the front facade and replaced with "a single centered entrance highlighted by three lancet arches." National Register of Historic Places listings in Kentucky