Golden, British Columbia
Golden is a town in southeastern British Columbia, located 262 kilometres west of Calgary, Alberta and 713 kilometres east of Vancouver. Much of the town's history is tied into the logging industry. Today, the town's economy still relies on those two influences, but the development of Kicking Horse Mountain Resort, along with other outdoor adventure companies, has allowed the town to diversify into tourism. Mount 7, just southeast of town, is popular with paragliding, hang gliding, mountain biking enthusiasts; the town forms part of the Golden Triangle cycle route. Kicking Horse Pedestrian Bridge is the longest freestanding timber frame bridge in Canada. Planned as a community project by the Timber Framers Guild, volunteers from Golden were joined by carpenters and timber framers from the United States and from Europe; the bridge structure is 150 feet long, with a 210,000-pound Burr arch structure. The bridge was completed in September 2001. On March 26, 2009, then-Mayor Aman Virk died of complications after suffering a heart attack while vacationing in India.
Golden is nestled in the Rocky Mountain Trench, built around the confluence of the Columbia and Kicking Horse rivers, surrounded by three different mountain ranges and five National Parks: Yoho National Park, Banff National Park, Jasper National Park, Glacier National Park, Kootenay National Park. Golden is located on Highway 1 and it is the northern terminus of Highway 95, connecting it to the United States via the rest of the East Kootenay region and the city of Cranbrook, British Columbia; the Trans-Canada Highway east of Golden has numerous upgrade projects ongoing to improve the roadway west of the Yoho National Park boundary. The Ten Mile Hill section of the project was completed and represents a major upgrade to the old highway. Golden has a climate with influences of the humid semi-arid varieties. Summers are warm but hot, with winters being somewhat moderated in comparison to areas east of the Rockies. Golden has a service-based economy, relying on tourism and services for tourists.
Unlike many other Canadian towns with similar population size, Golden boasts nine automobile repair shops that all offer a wide range of services and are open extended hours. Golden features a large number of hotels with mountain views that provide accommodation to both tourists and stranded drivers. Public education is provided by School District 6 Rocky Mountain which operates 3 primary schools and one secondary school. Community College education is offered by the Golden Campus of the College of the Rockies. Doug Barrault, retired hockey player Dillon Dubé, professional ice hockey player David Duncan, freestyle skier Curtis McKenzie, NHL player with the Dallas Stars Patricia Owens, actress Sara Renner, cross country skier Town of Golden
Glen David Clark is a Canadian business executive and former politician, serving as the 31st Premier of British Columbia from 1996 to 1999. Clark attended independent Roman Catholic schools: St. Jude’s Elementary and Notre Dame Secondary in East Vancouver. At Notre Dame, Clark was known as a fearless linebacker for the football team. Notre Dame is where Clark was student council president and played the lead male role in The Sound of Music and performed in South Pacific. Clark holds a bachelor's degree from Simon Fraser University and a master's degree from the University of British Columbia. Before entering politics he worked in the labour movement. Clark was first elected to the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia in the 1986 provincial election, he served as the Minister of Finance and Corporate Relations and as the Minister of Employment and Investment in the government of Mike Harcourt. When Harcourt resigned as a result of the Bingogate scandal, Clark stood for and won the leadership of the BC NDP and therefore became BC's 31st premier.
Clark called an election in 1996. Although it received fewer votes across the province than the second-place BC Liberal Party, the NDP was able to hold on to power by winning all but eight seats in Vancouver. Clark continued the policies of the Harcourt government its implementation of the B. C. Benefits welfare reform package, similar to reforms carried out by Ralph Klein in Alberta and Mike Harris in Ontario; when the 1997 party convention adopted a motion condemning the reforms and calling for an increase in welfare rates, Clark responded, "No. We have a deficit." In an effort to revitalize a shipbuilding industry, Clark undertook the B. C. fast ferries initiative, designed to upgrade the existing BC Ferries fleet as well as jump start the shipbuilding industry in Vancouver. Although the ferries were produced, the project had massive cost overruns and long delays, the ferries were never able to function up to expectations; the ferries were sold by the incoming Liberal government, for a fraction of their original price, to the American owned Washington Marine Group.
In March 1999, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police executed a search warrant and searched the Clark household. The media was tipped off about the raid and television news showed live, primetime coverage of the premier pacing inside his house while the search was conducted. Two weeks the RCMP conducted a search of the Premier's Office; the subsequent investigation spawned intense coverage by the media. However, subsequent coverage exposed numerous inaccuracies in the way the story was portrayed, with some critics alleging a media or RCMP conspiracy to smear him for ideological reasons. Clark resigned on the night of August 21, 1999, following allegations that he had accepted favours from Dimitrios Pilarinos in return for approving a casino application, he was formally charged with committing breach of trust, a criminal offence. Conflict of interest commissioner H. A. D. Oliver concluded in 2001. However, Clark was acquitted of all criminal charges by the Supreme Court of British Columbia on August 29, 2002, with Justice Elizabeth Bennett ruling that while Clark had unwisely left himself open to a perception of unethical behaviour, there was no solid evidence that he had done anything illegal.
Upon Clark's resignation, Deputy Premier Dan Miller acceded to the interim leadership of the New Democratic Party, the premiership, until a leadership convention selected Ujjal Dosanjh. Due in part to the scandals surrounding Clark, the NDP was defeated by the BC Liberals under Gordon Campbell in the 2001 provincial election, winning just two seats provincewide. Clark is president and chief operating officer of the Jim Pattison Group
Michael C. "Mike" Farnworth is a New Democratic Party politician from British Columbia, Canada. He has served as the MLA for the riding of Port Coquitlam and its predecessors for all but one term since 1991, he is Minister of Public Safety and Solicitor General of British Columbia and Government House Leader. Farnworth was elected in 1991 for Port Coquitlam, after serving three terms on Port Coquitlam City Council, he was re-elected in 1996 in the redistributed riding of Port Coquitlam-Burke Mountain, but lost in the party's province-wide wipeout of 2001. Between 1997 and 2001, He served as Minister of Municipal Affairs and Housing, Minister of Employment and Investment and Minister Responsible for Housing, Minister of Health and Minister Responsible for Seniors, Minister of Social Development and Economic Security. In 2005 B. C. general election, Farnworth sought to take back his old seat. He won the riding with 11,844 votes. In 2009, Farnworth was re-elected to his fourth term in the recreated riding of Port Coquitlam with 54.64% of valid votes.
Farnworth won again in the 2013 B. C. general election by a large margin, again in the 2017 B. C. general election with his largest margin of victory. Prior to entering elected office, Farnworth worked at Mt. Isa Mining. In 2011, Farnworth ran in the NDP leadership election to replace retiring leader Carole James, he was narrowly defeated by Adrian Dix. Farnworth has publicly acknowledged, he has had a relationship with his partner, for over twenty five years
Australia the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area; the neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea and East Timor to the north. The population of 25 million is urbanised and concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, its largest city is Sydney; the country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane and Adelaide. Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians for about 60,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century, it is documented. After the European exploration of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, who named it New Holland, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day; the population grew in subsequent decades, by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established.
On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories. Being the oldest and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils, Australia has a landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometres. A megadiverse country, its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east and mountain ranges in the south-east. A gold rush began in Australia in the early 1850s, its population density, 2.8 inhabitants per square kilometre, remains among the lowest in the world. Australia generates its income from various sources including mining-related exports, telecommunications and manufacturing. Indigenous Australian rock art is the oldest and richest in the world, dating as far back as 60,000 years and spread across hundreds of thousands of sites. Australia is a developed country, with the world's 14th-largest economy.
It has a high-income economy, with the world's tenth-highest per capita income. It is a regional power, has the world's 13th-highest military expenditure. Australia has the world's ninth-largest immigrant population, with immigrants accounting for 26% of the population. Having the third-highest human development index and the eighth-highest ranked democracy globally, the country ranks in quality of life, education, economic freedom, civil liberties and political rights, with all its major cities faring well in global comparative livability surveys. Australia is a member of the United Nations, G20, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Pacific Islands Forum and the ASEAN Plus Six mechanism; the name Australia is derived from the Latin Terra Australis, a name used for a hypothetical continent in the Southern Hemisphere since ancient times. When Europeans first began visiting and mapping Australia in the 17th century, the name Terra Australis was applied to the new territories.
Until the early 19th century, Australia was best known as "New Holland", a name first applied by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1644 and subsequently anglicised. Terra Australis still saw occasional usage, such as in scientific texts; the name Australia was popularised by the explorer Matthew Flinders, who said it was "more agreeable to the ear, an assimilation to the names of the other great portions of the earth". The first time that Australia appears to have been used was in April 1817, when Governor Lachlan Macquarie acknowledged the receipt of Flinders' charts of Australia from Lord Bathurst. In December 1817, Macquarie recommended to the Colonial Office. In 1824, the Admiralty agreed that the continent should be known by that name; the first official published use of the new name came with the publication in 1830 of The Australia Directory by the Hydrographic Office. Colloquial names for Australia include "Oz" and "the Land Down Under". Other epithets include "the Great Southern Land", "the Lucky Country", "the Sunburnt Country", "the Wide Brown Land".
The latter two both derive from Dorothea Mackellar's 1908 poem "My Country". Human habitation of the Australian continent is estimated to have begun around 65,000 to 70,000 years ago, with the migration of people by land bridges and short sea-crossings from what is now Southeast Asia; these first inhabitants were the ancestors of modern Indigenous Australians. Aboriginal Australian culture is one of the oldest continual civilisations on earth. At the time of first European contact, most Indigenous Australians were hunter-gatherers with complex economies and societies. Recent archaeological finds suggest. Indigenous Australians have an oral culture with spiritual values based on reverence for the land and a belief in the Dreamtime; the Torres Strait Islanders, ethnically Melanesian, obtained their livelihood from seasonal horticulture and the resources of their reefs and seas. The northern coasts and waters of Australia were visited s
Canadian Pacific Railway
The Canadian Pacific Railway known as CP Rail between 1968 and 1996, known as Canadian Pacific is a historic Canadian Class I railroad incorporated in 1881. The railroad is owned by Canadian Pacific Railway Limited, which began operations as legal owner in a corporate restructuring in 2001. Headquartered in Calgary, Alberta, it owns 20,000 kilometres of track all across Canada and into the United States, stretching from Montreal to Vancouver, as far north as Edmonton, its rail network serves Minneapolis-St. Paul, Detroit and New York City in the United States; the railway was first built between eastern Canada and British Columbia between 1881 and 1885, fulfilling a promise extended to British Columbia when it entered Confederation in 1871. It was Canada's first transcontinental railway, but no longer reaches the Atlantic coast. A freight railway, the CPR was for decades the only practical means of long-distance passenger transport in most regions of Canada, was instrumental in the settlement and development of Western Canada.
The CPR became one of the largest and most powerful companies in Canada, a position it held as late as 1975. Its primary passenger services were eliminated in 1986, after being assumed by Via Rail Canada in 1978. A beaver was chosen as the railway's logo in honor of Sir Donald A Smith who had risen from Factor to Governor of the Hudson's Bay Company over a lengthy career in the beaver fur trade. Smith was a principal financier of the C. P. R. Staking much of his personal wealth. In 1885, he drove the last spike to complete the transcontinental line; the company acquired two American lines in 2009: the Dakota and Eastern Railroad and the Iowa and Eastern Railroad. The trackage of the IC&E was at one time part of CP subsidiary Soo Line and predecessor line The Milwaukee Road; the combined DME/ICE system spanned North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin and Iowa, as well as two short stretches into two other states, which included a line to Kansas City, a line to Chicago and regulatory approval to build a line into the Powder River Basin of Wyoming.
It is publicly traded on both the Toronto Stock Exchange and the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker CP. Its U. S. headquarters are in Minneapolis. Together with the Canadian Confederation, the creation of the Canadian Pacific Railway was a task undertaken as the National Dream by the Conservative government of Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald, he was helped by Sir Alexander Tilloch Galt, the owner of the North Western Coal and Navigation Company. British Columbia, a four-month sea voyage away from the East Coast, had insisted upon a land transport link to the East as a condition for joining Confederation; the government however proposed to build a railway linking the Pacific province to the Eastern provinces within 10 years of 20 July 1871. Macdonald saw it as essential to the creation of a unified Canadian nation that would stretch across the continent. Moreover, manufacturing interests in Quebec and Ontario wanted access to raw materials and markets in Western Canada; the first obstacle to its construction was political.
The logical route went through the city of Chicago, Illinois. In addition to this was the difficulty of building a railroad through the Canadian Rockies. To ensure this routing, the government offered huge incentives including vast grants of land in the West. In 1873, Sir John A. Macdonald and other high-ranking politicians, bribed in the Pacific Scandal, granted federal contracts to Hugh Allan's Canada Pacific Railway Company rather than to David Lewis Macpherson's Inter-Ocean Railway Company, thought to have connections to the American Northern Pacific Railway Company; because of this scandal, the Conservative Party was removed from office in 1873. The new Liberal prime minister, Alexander Mackenzie, ordered construction of segments of the railway as a public enterprise under the supervision of the Department of Public Works led by Sandford Fleming. Surveying was carried out during the first years of a number of alternative routes in this virgin territory followed by construction of a telegraph along the lines, agreed upon.
The Thunder Bay section linking Lake Superior to Winnipeg was commenced in 1875. By 1880, around 1,000 kilometres was nearly complete across the troublesome Canadian Shield terrain, with trains running on only 500 kilometres of track. With Macdonald's return to power on 16 October 1878, a more aggressive construction policy was adopted. Macdonald confirmed that Port Moody would be the terminus of the transcontinental railway, announced that the railway would follow the Fraser and Thompson rivers between Port Moody and Kamloops. In 1879, the federal government floated bonds in London and called for tenders to construct the 206 km section of the railway from Yale, British Columbia, to Savona's Ferry, on Kamloops Lake; the contract was awarded to Andrew Onderdonk, whose men started work on 15 May 1880. After the completion of that section, Onderdonk received contracts to build between Yale and Port Moody, between Savona's Ferry and Eagle Pass. On 21 October 1880, a new syndicate, unrelated to Hugh Allan's, signed
Penny Priddy is a politician from British Columbia, Canada. Priddy is the only woman in Canadian history to be elected to school board, city council, a provincial legislature and the House of Commons. A nurse, she moved from Ontario to Surrey, British Columbia in 1981 where she worked as a nursing educator. After five years as a school trustee on Surrey's school board, she ran in the 1991 provincial election as a British Columbia New Democratic Party candidate in Surrey-Newton, defeating Premier Rita Johnston to win the riding by over 10 points, she subsequently served in several cabinet posts including Women's Equality and Culture, Health and Children and Families in the NDP governments of Mike Harcourt, Glen Clark, Dan Miller and Ujjal Dosanjh. In 1996, she was made a full recovery, she did not run in the 2001 British Columbia election, but returned to politics in 2002 when she was elected to Surrey City Council. From 2006 to 2008, she was the federal NDP Member of Parliament for the riding of Surrey North, represented by independent Chuck Cadman until his death from cancer.
Priddy had been friends with Cadman and his wife, for many years despite their sharp political differences. Dona Cadman endorsed Priddy for the Surrey North seat, considered by some to be the deciding factor in her victory over Conservative candidate David Matta. Priddy did not run in the 40th Canadian federal election. In 2001, Priddy was awarded an honorary Doctorate of Law degree from Kwantlen University College for her service to the people of BC, she is past co-chair of the Women's Campaign School and she is a member of the Canadian Women Voters Congress and Canadian Women of Municipal Government. Priddy is a member of the board of directors for Vancouver Fraser Port Authority and a member of the Heritage Advisory Commission for the City of Surrey. Legislative Assembly Profile Penny Priddy – Parliament of Canada biography
2001 British Columbia general election
The British Columbia general election of 2001 was the 37th provincial election in the Province of British Columbia, Canada. It was held to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia; the election was called on April 18, 2001, held on May 16, 2001. Voter turnout was 55.4 per cent of all eligible voters. The incumbent British Columbia New Democratic Party, in office since 1991, had been rocked by two major scandals—the Fast Ferries Scandal and a bribery scandal involving Premier Glen Clark. With the NDP's ratings flatlining, Clark resigned in August 1999, Deputy Premier Dan Miller took over as caretaker premier until Ujjal Dosanjh was elected his permanent successor in February. Dosanjh was not, able to restore the party's public image, the BC NDP suffered a resounding defeat at the hands of the British Columbia Liberal Party, led by former Vancouver mayor Gordon Campbell; the BC Liberals won over 57% of the popular vote, an unprecedented 77 of the 79 seats in the provincial legislature—the largest victory in the province's electoral history.
The BC NDP, on the other hand, suffered a near-total political collapse. The party lost half of the share of the popular vote that it had won in the 1996 election, while its seat count fell from 39 seats to only two—those of Deputy Premier & Education Minister Joy MacPhail and Community Development Minister Jenny Kwan, it was the worst defeat of a sitting government in British Columbia. It was the second-worst defeat of a sitting provincial government in Canada, eclipsed only by the New Brunswick election of 1987 and the Alberta election of 1935, in which the governing Tories and UFA were wiped off the map. Dosanjh resigned as party leader soon after the election. Despite being the only other party in the Assembly, the BC NDP lacked the four seats required for official party status; the British Columbia Unity Party had been created as a union of conservative parties. Reform BC, the Social Credit, the British Columbia Party, the Family Coalition Party had joined under the "BC Unity" umbrella. By the time the election was called, only the Family Coalition Party and a large majority of Reform BC segments had remained in the BC Unity coalition.
The other parties had withdrawn to continue independently. Ron Gamble, sometime leader and sometime president of the renewed Reform BC continued his opposition to conservative mergers proclaiming a "Say No to Chris Delaney & BC Unity" policy, until Unity's eventual collapse in 2004 after a failed second attempt at a merger with BC Conservatives. Notes x - less than 0.005% of the popular vote. * The party did not nominate candidates in the previous election. Unity Party results are calculated relative to Family Coalition Party results. Names in bold indicate former premiers. Incumbents denoted with a dagger did not seek re-election. List of British Columbia political parties Elections BC 2001 Election