WMAQ was an AM radio station located in Chicago, United States, broadcast at 670 kHz with 50,000 watts. The station was in existence from 1922 to 2000, was the oldest surviving broadcast outlet in Chicago, it was a class A clear channel station, could be heard at night, over most of the eastern United States. WMAQ was owned in its years by CBS Radio, but for much of its life it was owned by the National Broadcasting Company, Westinghouse Broadcasting; the station's original owner was the Chicago Daily News newspaper, but its longest-running ownership was as an NBC Radio owned-and-operated station. Its transmitter was located in Bloomingdale, Illinois just off Army Trail Road, with a 238-meter tower where it remains today, with the callsign still on the exterior facade; the AM 670 transmitter is now in use by WMAQ's successor, All Sports Radio WSCR, remains under the ownership of Entercom, which merged with CBS Radio in 2017. WMAQ came to life as WGU on April 13, 1922; the station was formed as a joint venture between The Fair Department Store and the Chicago Daily News, with the station's first transmitter atop the department store.
At the time, the station was broadcasting on 833 kilocycles with a transmitter power of about 100 watts. There are questions as to whether anyone was able to hear the station's initial half-hour broadcast, as technical problems forced the station to shut down the following day and it remained off the air while a new ordered transmitter was awaited. One of the problems with reception of the station was the interference of other tall buildings in the area and the fact that it had only about 100 watts of power; the City of Chicago operated its own radio station with similar call letters, WBU. In an attempt to avoid confusion with the city's station, Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover inaugurated a new antenna and transmitter of 500 watts and assigned the station the call letters WMAQ. WMAQ's call letters were first broadcast October 1922 on a clear channel frequency of 750 kc. Early radio had no regulations. Anyone with some technical knowledge and equipment could set up a radio station. While it was possible for anyone to start a radio station, keeping the station on the air meant that it had to be profitable.
Most of these smaller radio stations faded out because of money issues. The Chicago stations that are or had been on the dial for many years had a business or organization behind them, willing and able to weather the early times when having a radio station did not mean making a profit. WMAQ had the financial backing of the Chicago Daily News, but it had a capable general manager, Judith Waller, in charge of the station until it was purchased by NBC. At that point Waller became the director of public affairs programming for NBC's central division, holding that title until her retirement in 1957. By early 1923, the Daily News was convinced enough in the power of radio to buy out the Fair Store's 51% interest in the station; the Daily News moved the station and its transmitter to the tallest building in Chicago at the time—the La Salle Hotel on West Washington street in the West Loop. With a new location and new frequency of 670 kilohertz, WMAQ went on the air July 2, 1923; the new frequency however, was not clear channel.
WMAQ had to share it with another local station, WQJ, jointly owned by the Calumet Baking Powder Company and the Rainbo Gardens Ballroom on North Clark Street. Rainbo was one of the country's top ballrooms and Calumet's broadcasts brought the company much publicity; the Daily News was not able to buy out WQJ until 1927 to make the 670 frequency a clear channel one. Within four weeks after its move, WMAQ obtained the exclusive Chicago rights from American Telephone & Telegraph to broadcast President Warren Harding's address from San Francisco. At the time, it was AT&T's policy to sell the exclusive broadcasting rights for an event to one radio station per city. Shortly before the special event, AT&T would send wires to all radio stations, informing them of what was to take place. WMAQ would broadcast both the 1924 Republican and Democratic conventions by this same arrangement. By 1924, the station took an active interest in broadcasting sporting events, broadcasting the 1924 World Series and convincing William Wrigley to air all Chicago Cubs home games from Wrigley Field in 1925, making the station the first broadcaster of them.
Hal Totten, a Daily News sportswriter, was WMAQ's first sportscaster. Beginning in the fall of 1925, football games from the University of Chicago were broadcast. WMAQ was the first to broadcast an intercollegate football game in the United States. Though the Daily News had formed a partnership with the new National Broadcasting Company in 1926, the following year WMAQ severed its ties with NBC and joined the new Columbia Broadcasting System as a charter affiliate, it was one of the 16 stations that aired the first CBS network program on September 18, 1927. There was now a need for a new transmitter and a site for it outside of the city, so the station's coverage area could be enlarged. In 1928, the new station transmitter was constructed in Elmhurst, it was time to move th
Norm Van Lier
Norman Allen Van Lier III was an NBA basketball player and television broadcaster who spent the majority of his career with the Chicago Bulls. Norman Van Lier was born in East Liverpool, Ohio to Helen and Norm Sr. who worked in a steel mill for 31 years. He was raised, along with three brothers and a sister, in Pennsylvania. Van Lier had three other brothers. Van Lier would look back fondly to his childhood playing tackle football with a taped coffee can for a ball due to their circumstances, he would credit this upbringing in forming his famed work ethic in life. Van Lier was a member of the 1965 Midland High School Leopards, considered by many to be one of the greatest high school basketball teams of all time, finishing 28-0 and winning the Pennsylvania State Championship. One of Van Lier's teammates was future NBA player Simmie Hill. During weekends, Van Lier would hitchhike to the playgrounds in Harlem, once playing with Billy Cunningham. Van Lier was a co-captain of his football team, where he played both quarterback and safety.
He was recruited to play for several colleges, but none allowed him to play his desired position of quarterback. Van Lier had received offers to play professional baseball as well, after starring on his high school and county all-star teams. On June 21, 2008, he was inducted into the WPIAL Hall of Fame. "Western Pennsylvania is football country, but my years are considered the golden era of basketball not only in the state but maybe the country," Van Lier said that night. "Uniontown, Midland and Ambridge could play with anybody, anytime and in any era in the country." Van Lier's modest 6'1" stature and his emphasis on defense kept him under the radar of stardom, he was not recruited by major basketball powers. He attended Saint Francis University of Pennsylvania, where he emerged as a standout point guard, he graduated from Saint Francis University in 1969. The Chicago Bulls selected Van Lier in the third round of the 1969 NBA draft, but traded him to the Cincinnati Royals, with whom he led the NBA in assists in 1971.
The Bulls reacquired Van Lier during the 1971–72 season, he remained with the Bulls until 1978, appearing in three All-Star games over the course of six seasons. Nicknamed "Stormin' Norman" for his tenacity and aggression, Van Lier was one of the most popular Bulls players of the 1970s. During his ten-year career, Van Lier was named to three NBA All-Defense First Teams and five NBA All-Defense Second Teams, he was named to the All-NBA Second Team in 1974. Van Lier was waived by the Bulls in October 1978. Van Lier held the record for the longest field goal in NBA history for 24 years until Baron Davis broke the record on November 17, 2001. After playing with the Milwaukee Bucks, he retired in 1979 with career totals of 8,770 points and 5,217 assists. Van Lier served as a color analyst on Bulls radio broadcasts from 1980 to 1982. In 1989 he was the assistant coach of the Worcester Counts in the World Basketball League. From 1992 to 2009, he was a television pre-game and post-game analyst for Chicago Bulls games.
He appeared on other Chicago television programs to discuss the Bulls, at one point co-hosted a sports talk radio show. Van Lier was the head basketball coach for the Worcester Vocational Technical High School team during part of the 1989–90 season, his team reached the Massachusetts Division II championship game. Van Lier served as a special disc jockey on the Chicago rock music station 97.9 WLUP. In 2002 and 2004, he had supporting roles in the movies Barbershop and Barbershop 2: Back in Business. On February 25, 2009, Van Lier was unexpectedly absent from his scheduled television appearance on Comcast SportsNet following a Bulls game, he was found dead in his apartment on Chicago's Near West Side on February 26, 2009. Fellow Bulls broadcaster and former Bulls head coach Johnny "Red" Kerr died that day. Career Stats at basketball-reference.com Obituary in the Chicago Tribune The Bullfighter - an upcoming documentary film Book, "Cincinnati's Basketball Royalty", by Gerry Schultz
Richfield Coliseum known as the Coliseum at Richfield, was an indoor arena located in Richfield Township, between Cleveland and Akron, Ohio. It opened in 1974 as a replacement for the Cleveland Arena, had a seating capacity of 20,273 for basketball, it was the main arena for the Northeast Ohio region until 1994, when it was replaced by Quicken Loans Arena in downtown Cleveland. The Coliseum stood vacant for five years before it was purchased and demolished in 1999 by the National Park Service; the site of the building is now part of Cuyahoga Valley National Park. The arena was the home to the Cleveland Cavaliers of the National Basketball Association, developed by Cavaliers owner Nick Mileti, who owned the Cleveland Crusaders of the World Hockey Association. Over the years it had additional tenants such as the Cleveland Barons of the National Hockey League, Cleveland Force of Major Soccer League, Cleveland Crunch of Major Indoor Soccer League, the Cleveland Lumberjacks of the International Hockey League, the Cleveland Thunderbolts of the Arena Football League.
In a 2012 interview with ESPN's Bill Simmons, basketball great Larry Bird said that it was his favorite arena to play in. The Coliseum was the site of Bird's final game in the NBA. Richfield Coliseum hosted the 1988 and 1992 editions of WWE's Survivor Series pay-per-view, it hosted the 1981 NBA All-Star Game and The Buckeye Homecoming, the 1983 professional boxing match bout between Michael Dokes and Gerrie Coetzee. It was the site of the March 24, 1975 boxing match between Muhammad Ali and Chuck Wepner, which in part inspired the movie Rocky; the Coliseum was a regular concert venue, with its first event being a concert by Frank Sinatra and the last being a concert by Roger Daltrey in 1994, the last official event at the arena. The first rock concert at the Richfield Coliseum was Stevie Wonder in October 1974; the arena, which opened in 1974, replaced the Cleveland Arena, which had 12,500+ boxing capacity, 10,000+ otherwise. The new arena seated 20,273 for basketball and 18,544 for hockey, was one of the first indoor arenas to contain luxury boxes.
Nick Mileti was the driving force behind the Coliseum's construction, believing that its location in northern Summit County south of Cleveland near the confluence of the Ohio Turnpike and Interstates 77 and 271 was ideally suited given the growth of urban sprawl. The Coliseum was built in Richfield to draw fans from both of Northeast Ohio's major cities, as nearly 5 million Ohioans lived within less than an hour's drive from the Coliseum. While the arena's location hindered attendance somewhat the Cavaliers' average attendance was over 18,000 per game each of the last 2 seasons at the Coliseum; the World Wrestling Federation promoted several notable shows including: Saturday Night's Main Event, taped on 09/13/1986, Survivor Series, Survivor Series, Survivor Series Though a large arena at the time of construction, it had only one concourse for both levels, which made for cramped conditions when attendance was anywhere close to capacity. The Coliseum's real drawback was that the revenue-producing luxury suites were at the uppermost level, as such were the worst seats in the house.
This situation was rectified at Quicken Loans Arena, where the suites are much closer to the playing area. Another hindrance to attendance was the arena's location at the intersection of Interstate 271 and Ohio State Route 303, a rural, two-lane highway outside of Richfield; as the only true access to the arena was directly at the interchange, traffic became an issue with every Coliseum event with lake-effect snow from Lake Erie providing another obstacle to drivers during the winter months. The Coliseum's fate was sealed in 1990, when voters in Cuyahoga County approved a new sin tax to fund the Gateway Sports and Entertainment Complex, which included Gund Arena; the Cavaliers moved to Gund Arena at the beginning of the 1994-95 season. After being vacant for five years, the arena was torn down in 1999, between March 30 and May 21, the arena footprint and surrounding parking areas were allowed to be returned to woodland as part of the Cuyahoga Valley National Recreation Area, now Cuyahoga Valley National Park.
Two years it was noted that the site appeared to have no trace of the former building, although a widened section of Route 303, as well as the remains of the parking lot entrance, reveal its location. The site has become an important area for wildlife. Birds such as the Eastern meadowlark and various sparrows now inhabit the area; this has caused the site to become popular with local birders. Other birds that are seen are American goldfinch, red-winged blackbird, turkey vulture, red-tailed hawk, American kestrel. In 1997, the hardwood floor and baskets were sold to Grace Christian School of Staunton, Virginia for a price of $26,000; the seating capacity for basketball was as follows: Details of the demolition at Independence Excavating's website|via=Wayback Machine Arenas by Munsey & Suppes
Scotty Maurice Pippen spelled Scottie Pippen, is an American former professional basketball player. He played 17 seasons in the National Basketball Association, winning six NBA championships with the Chicago Bulls. Pippen, along with Michael Jordan, played an important role in transforming the Bulls into a championship team and for popularizing the NBA around the world during the 1990s. Considered one of the best small forwards of all time, Pippen was named to the NBA All-Defensive First Team eight consecutive times and the All-NBA First Team three times, he was a seven-time NBA All-Star and was the NBA All-Star Game MVP in 1994. He was named one of the 50 Greatest Players in NBA History during the 1996–97 season, is one of four players to have his jersey retired by the Chicago Bulls, he played a main role on both the 1992 Chicago Bulls Championship team and the 1996 Chicago Bulls Championship team which were selected as two of the Top 10 Teams in NBA History. His biography on the Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame's website states, "The multidimensional Pippen ran the court like a point guard, attacked the boards like a power forward, swished the nets like a shooting guard."
During his 17-year career, he played 12 seasons with the Bulls, one with the Houston Rockets and four with the Portland Trail Blazers, making the postseason sixteen straight times. Pippen is the only NBA player to have won an NBA title and Olympic gold medal in the same year twice, he was a part of the 1992 U. S. Olympic "Dream Team" which beat its opponents by an average of 44 points. Pippen was a key figure in the 1996 Olympic team, alongside former Dream Team members Karl Malone, John Stockton, Charles Barkley as well as newer faces such as Anfernee "Penny" Hardaway and Grant Hill, he wore number 8 during both years. Pippen is a two-time inductee into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, being inducted for both on August 13, 2010. On December 8, 2005, the Chicago Bulls retired his number #33, while his college, University of Central Arkansas, retired his number #33 on January 21, 2010, as well. Scottie Pippen was born on September 25, 1965, in Hamburg, the youngest of 12 children born to Ethel and Preston Pippen.
Pippen's mother was 6 feet tall and his father was 6'1". His parents could not afford to send their other children to college, his father worked in a paper mill until a stroke that paralyzed his right side prevented him from walking and affected his speech. Pippen attended Hamburg High School. Playing point guard, he led his team to the state playoffs and earned all-conference honors as a senior, he was not offered any college scholarships. Pippen began his college playing career at the University of Central Arkansas in Conway after being discovered by then-UCA Head coach Don Dyer as a 6'1" walk-on, he did not receive much recognition in college because the school played in the NAIA. He had a growth spurt to 6'8", his per game averages of 23.6 points, 10 rebounds, 4.3 assists and near 60 percent field goal shooting earned the Central Arkansas senior Consensus NAIA All-American honors in 1987 and made him a dominant player in the Arkansas Intercollegiate Conference, drawing the attention of NBA scouts.
He was selected fifth overall in the 1987 NBA draft by the Seattle SuperSonics and traded to the Chicago Bulls for Olden Polynice and future draft pick options. Pippen became part of Chicago's young forward tandem with 6'10" power forward Horace Grant, although both came off the bench to back up Brad Sellers and Charles Oakley during their rookie seasons. Scottie made his NBA debut on November 7, 1987, when the Chicago Bulls faced the Philadelphia 76ers as their first game of the season, he finished the game with 2 steals, 4 assists and 1 rebound in 23 minutes of play. The Bulls won their season-opening game 104–94. With fellow Bull Michael Jordan as a motivational and instructional mentor, Pippen refined his skills and developed many new ones over his career. Jordan and Pippen played one-on-one outside of team practices to hone each other's skills on offense and defense. Pippen claimed the starting small forward position during the 1988 NBA Playoffs, helping the Jordan-led Bulls to reach the conference semifinals for the first time in over a decade.
Pippen emerged as one of the league's premier young forwards at the turn of the decade, recording then-career highs in points and field goal shooting as well as being the NBA's number three leader in steals. These feats earned Pippen his debut NBA All-Star selection in 1990. Pippen continued to improve as the Bulls reached the Eastern Conference Finals in 1989 and 1990, but were eliminated both times by the Detroit Pistons. In the 1990 final, Pippen suffered a severe migraine headache at the start of Game 7 that impacted his gameplay, he made only one of his ten field goal attempts as the Bulls lost 93–74. In the 1990–91 NBA season, Pippen emerged as the Bulls' primary defensive stopper and a versatile scoring threat in Phil Jackson's'triangle offense'. Alongside the help of Michael Jordan, Scottie continued to improve his game, he had his first triple-double on November 23 when the Bulls faced the Los Angeles Clippers as he had 13 points, 12 assists and 13 rebounds in 30 minutes in a 105–97 win.
He had his second triple-double against the Indiana Pacers on December 22 as the Bulls defeated the Pacers 128–118. Pippen finished the game with 18 points, 11 assists and 10 rebounds in 41 minutes of play, in addition to 1
WFLD, virtual channel 32, is a Fox owned-and-operated television station licensed to Chicago, United States. The station is owned by the Fox Television Stations subsidiary of Fox Corporation, as part of a duopoly with Gary, Indiana-licensed primary CW affiliate and secondary MyNetworkTV owned-and-operated station WPWR-TV; the two stations share studios at Michigan Plaza on North Michigan Avenue in the Chicago Loop, transmitter facilities atop the Willis Tower on South Wacker Drive in the Loop business district. On cable, WFLD can be seen on Comcast Xfinity channel 12 in most parts of the Chicago area; the station first signed on the air on January 1966, as an independent station. WFLD was founded by a joint venture of the parties that each competed individually for the license and construction permit to operate on UHF channel 32. Field Enterprises—owned by heirs of the Marshall Field's department store chain, publishers of the Chicago Sun-Times and the Chicago Daily News—was the station's majority partner and was responsible for managing WFLD's day-to-day operations.
The station operated from studio facilities located within the Marina City complex on State Street. Channel 32 was christened the "Station of Tomorrow" by an April 1966 Sun-Times article because of its innovative technical developments in broadcasting its signal, it broadcast news programming from the Sun-Times/Daily News newsroom. From the fall of 1967 to summer of 1970, WFLD aired the final hour of CBS' Saturday daytime schedule from 12:00 to 1:00 p.m. in lieu of the network's owned-and-operated station WBBM-TV. In March 1969, Field entered into an agreement to sell WFLD to New York City-based Metromedia for $10 million. At the time, the Field interests were concerned about running afoul of the Federal Communications Commission's recent scrutiny of owned multiple media outlets within the same market; the deal fell through nearly one year in February 1970. WFLD was noteworthy for being the longtime home of the local B-movie program Svengoolie. There were two versions of the showcase: the original incarnation of the series began on the station on September 18, 1970, under the title Screaming Yellow Theatre, with local disc jockey Jerry G. Bishop doing scary voices and wearing a long green wig while portraying the character.
Bishop became such a hit with viewers that the show was popularly called "Svengoolie" after his character, this version lasted until late in the summer of 1973. The second version premiered on June 16, 1979, with Rich Koz as "Son of Svengoolie", ran on channel 32 until January 25, 1986; the show was revived on WCIU-TV when it became an English-language independent station in December 1994, has aired there locally since, began to be broadcast nationally on MeTV in April 2011. Field Enterprises sold controlling interest in WFLD to Kaiser Broadcasting in May 1972; when the deal was completed in July 1973, the two companies' new partnership resulted in WFLD joining Kaiser's stable of UHF independent stations in San Francisco, Philadelphia and Detroit. In June 1977, Kaiser ended the partnership when it sold its share of the stations back to Field Enterprises. In addition to carrying the traditional fare of sitcoms, drama series, children's programs and first-run syndicated programs, the station aired movies—initially European releases that were dubbed into English—and local public affairs programming during this period.
To counterprogram against its more established VHF rivals, channel 32 offered older cartoons, older off-network sitcoms, drama series and live sporting events. The station broadcast daily from 10 a.m. to about 1 a.m. during the 1970s, except from September to December, when the station signed on at 7 a.m. Beginning in 1978, WFLD signed on daily before 6 a.m. In 1975, WFLD acquired the local syndication rights to The Partridge Family. Channel 32 strengthened its syndicated programming slate in 1979, when it acquired the local syndication rights to M*A*S*H, All in the Family, Happy Days and What's Happening!!. The station acquired the rights to I Love Lucy that year, added Battlestar Galactica, Buck Rogers in the 25th Century, The Six Million Dollar Man, Wonder Woman and Star Trek in 1982. WFLD began to beat WGN-TV in ratings as a result of its stronger programming acquisitions, the two stations continued to go head-to-head throughout the 1980s. WFLD scored no big ticket program acquisitions in 1980 or 1981.
In 1982, Field Enterprises began a sale of its five television stations on an individual basis—a process which continued into the following year—due to disagreements between brothers Marshall Field V and Frederick "Ted" Field on how to operate the company, which strained their working relationship. Incidentally, the year prior in 1981, the Field brothers sought a prospective buyer for WFLD in the event that the company would be put up for sale. While WFLD was the leading independent station in Chicago at
Doug Collins (basketball)
Paul Douglas Collins is an American basketball executive, former player and television analyst. He was the first overall pick of a four-time NBA All-Star, he has been an NBA coach, coaching the Chicago Bulls, Detroit Pistons, Washington Wizards and Philadelphia 76ers. Collins served as an analyst for various NBA-related broadcast shows, he is a recipient of the Curt Gowdy Media Award. Collins was born in Illinois, he grew up in Benton, where his next-door neighbour was future film star John Malkovich. Collins enjoyed a successful high school basketball career at Benton Consolidated High School, under renowned coach Rich Herrin, after which he went on to play for Illinois State University in Normal, coached from 1970 by Will Robinson, the first black head coach in NCAA Division I basketball. Collins was drafted first overall in the 1973 NBA draft by the Philadelphia 76ers, he played eight seasons for Philadelphia, was an all star three times. In 1976–77, he joined Julius Erving leading the Sixers to the NBA Finals, where they lost to the Portland Trail Blazers.
A rash of injuries to his feet and left knee beginning in 1979, would end Collins' career in 1981. In all, he played 415 NBA games. After his retirement, Collins turned to coaching, he joined Bob Weinhauer's staff at the University of Pennsylvania as an assistant coach and followed Weinhauer to Arizona State for the same job. In May 1986, Collins was named head coach of the Chicago Bulls. Despite having Jordan, the Bulls were coming off a 30-52 season and fired their past two coaches after one season each. Collins helped the Bulls turn around their fortunes, showing an improvement of 10 games in each of his first two seasons, coaching Chicago to a 50-32 record in his second year. In his third year as coach, he brought Chicago to their first Eastern Conference Finals Appearance in 15 years, they were unable to get past their Central Division rival the "Bad Boys" Detroit Pistons. Despite the Bulls' success and his popularity in Chicago, Collins was fired in the summer of 1989. Collins was named the head coach of the Detroit Pistons in 1995.
His arrival in Detroit was similar to his in Chicago, as the Pistons had a second-year star who drew comparisons to Michael Jordan, Grant Hill. In his first season, he was able to improve the team's previous season's record by 18 games and lead them back to the playoffs, though they would be swept by the Orlando Magic. A fast start in his second season pushed Hill to the top of MVP consideration and Collins was named the Eastern Conference All-Star team's coach; the highlight of the year for Collins came on April 13, when the Pistons defeated the defending champion Bulls to end Detroit's 19-game losing streak against Chicago. The Pistons finished 54-28 and lost in the first round of playoffs to the Atlanta Hawks, 3–2 in the best-of-five series, he served as Pistons' head coach until February 2, 1998, when he was fired and replaced by Alvin Gentry. Collins became a television broadcaster, working for many years at various networks, such as NBC on the NBA on NBC and TNT on the NBA on TNT, he worked as a broadcaster for about three years before being hired to coach the Washington Wizards for the start of the 2001–02 NBA season.
In Washington, Collins was reunited with Charles Oakley. Once again, in his first season with his new team, Collins improved the team's previous season's record by 18 games. Though his.451 winning percentage through 2 seasons was better than the Wizards'.308 record the previous 2 seasons, Collins was fired at the conclusion of the 2002–03 season. On May 21, 2010, Collins was hired as head coach of the Philadelphia 76ers. While the 76ers started out poorly with a record of 3-13, the team showed great improvement as the season went on, clinched the seventh seed in the Eastern Conference for the playoffs. Under Collins, the team increased its win total by 14 games over the previous season, they lost to the eventual Eastern Conference champion Miami Heat in the first round, but were able to avoid a sweep, predicted. Collins finished second in Coach of the Year voting that season. In the lockout-shortened 2011–2012 season, Collins led the Sixers to an improved record, but Philadelphia was only able to take the eighth seed in the playoffs.
Against the top seeded Chicago Bulls, Collins led the Sixers to their first playoff series victory since 2003. It was the fifth time in NBA history, they lost. Collins resigned as 76ers coach on April 18, 2013, citing a need to spend more time with his five grandchildren, it was announced. Collins represented the United States at the 1972 Summer Olympics in West Germany; those basketball games are remembered by U. S. fans for the controversial gold medal basketball game between the United States and the Soviet Union, in which Collins played a key part. Collins started doing work for CBS in the mid-1980s, calling playoff games, he was the lead color analyst for the local broadcasts of the 76ers' games during the 1985–86 season. In-between his various coaching stints he has done broadcasting work for CBS, NBC, TNT, TBS. After being fired by the Wizards, Collins returned to announcing games for TNT. In addition, he served as an analyst for NBC Sports' TV coverage of basketball at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing.
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Michael Jeffrey Jordan known by his initials, MJ, is an American former professional basketball player, the principal owner and chairman of the Charlotte Hornets of the National Basketball Association. He played 15 seasons in the NBA for the Chicago Bulls and Washington Wizards, his biography on the official NBA website states: "By acclamation, Michael Jordan is the greatest basketball player of all time." He was one of the most marketed athletes of his generation and was considered instrumental in popularizing the NBA around the world in the 1980s and 1990s. Jordan played three seasons for coach Dean Smith at the University of North Carolina; as a freshman, he was a member of the Tar Heels' national championship team in 1982. Jordan joined the Bulls in 1984 as the third overall draft pick, he emerged as a league star and entertained crowds with his prolific scoring. His leaping ability, demonstrated by performing slam dunks from the free throw line in Slam Dunk Contests, earned him the nicknames Air Jordan and His Airness.
He gained a reputation for being one of the best defensive players in basketball. In 1991, he won his first NBA championship with the Bulls, followed that achievement with titles in 1992 and 1993, securing a "three-peat". Although Jordan abruptly retired from basketball before the beginning of the 1993–94 NBA season, started a new career in Minor League Baseball, he returned to the Bulls in March 1995 and led them to three additional championships in 1996, 1997, 1998, as well as a then-record 72 regular-season wins in the 1995–96 NBA season. Jordan retired for a second time in January 1999, but returned for two more NBA seasons from 2001 to 2003 as a member of the Wizards. Jordan's individual accolades and accomplishments include six NBA Finals Most Valuable Player Awards, ten scoring titles, five MVP Awards, ten All-NBA First Team designations, nine All-Defensive First Team honors, fourteen NBA All-Star Game selections, three All-Star Game MVP Awards, three steals titles, the 1988 NBA Defensive Player of the Year Award.
He holds the NBA records for highest career regular season scoring average and highest career playoff scoring average. In 1999, he was named the greatest North American athlete of the 20th century by ESPN, was second to Babe Ruth on the Associated Press' list of athletes of the century. Jordan is a two-time inductee into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, having been enshrined in 2009 for his individual career, again in 2010 as part of the group induction of the 1992 United States men's Olympic basketball team, he became a member of the FIBA Hall of Fame in 2015. Jordan is known for his product endorsements, he fueled the success of Nike's Air Jordan sneakers, which were introduced in 1984 and remain popular today. Jordan starred as himself in the 1996 film Space Jam. In 2006, he became part-owner and head of basketball operations for the Charlotte Bobcats, bought a controlling interest in 2010. In 2014, Jordan became the first billionaire player in NBA history, he is the third-richest African-American, behind Robert F. Oprah Winfrey.
Jordan was born in Brooklyn, New York, to Deloris, who worked in banking, James R. Jordan Sr. an equipment supervisor. His family moved to Wilmington, North Carolina. Jordan is the fourth of five children, he has two older brothers, Larry Jordan and James R. Jordan, Jr. one older sister and one younger sister, Roslyn. Jordan's brother James retired in 2006 as the Command Sergeant Major of the 35th Signal Brigade of the XVIII Airborne Corps in the U. S. Army. Jordan attended Emsley A. Laney High School in Wilmington, where he highlighted his athletic career by playing basketball and football, he tried out for the varsity basketball team during his sophomore year, but at 5'11", he was deemed too short to play at that level. His taller friend, Harvest Leroy Smith, was the only sophomore to make the team. Motivated to prove his worth, Jordan became the star of Laney's junior varsity team, tallied several 40-point games; the following summer, he trained rigorously. Upon earning a spot on the varsity roster, Jordan averaged more than 25 points per game over his final two seasons of high school play.
As a senior, he was selected to play in the 1981 McDonald's All-American Game and scored 30 points, after averaging 27 points, 12 rebounds and 6 assists per game for the season. Jordan was recruited by numerous college basketball programs, including Duke, North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia. In 1981, Jordan accepted a basketball scholarship to North Carolina, where he majored in cultural geography; as a freshman in coach Dean Smith's team-oriented system, he was named ACC Freshman of the Year after he averaged 13.4 ppg on 53.4% shooting. He made the game-winning jump shot in the 1982 NCAA Championship game against Georgetown, led by future NBA rival Patrick Ewing. Jordan described this shot as the major turning point in his basketball career. During his three seasons at North Carolina, he averaged 17.7 ppg on 54.0% shooting, added 5.0 rpg. He was selected by consensus to the NCAA All-American First Team in both his sophomore and junior seasons. After winning the Naismith and the Wooden College Player of the Year awards in 1984, Jordan left North Carolina one year before his scheduled graduation to enter the 1984 NBA draft.
The Chicago Bulls selected Jordan after Hakeem Olajuwon and Sam Bowie. One of the primary reasons why Jordan was not drafted