England is a country, part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to Scotland to the north-northwest; the Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south; the country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight. The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles, a Germanic tribe deriving its name from the Anglia peninsula, who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world; the English language, the Anglican Church, English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, the country's parliamentary system of government has been adopted by other nations.
The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the world's first industrialised nation. England's terrain is chiefly low hills and plains in central and southern England. However, there is upland and mountainous terrain in the west; the capital is London, which has the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and the European Union. England's population of over 55 million comprises 84% of the population of the United Kingdom concentrated around London, the South East, conurbations in the Midlands, the North West, the North East, Yorkshire, which each developed as major industrial regions during the 19th century; the Kingdom of England – which after 1535 included Wales – ceased being a separate sovereign state on 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union put into effect the terms agreed in the Treaty of Union the previous year, resulting in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The name "England" is derived from the Old English name Englaland, which means "land of the Angles"; the Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in Great Britain during the Early Middle Ages. The Angles came from the Anglia peninsula in the Bay of Kiel area of the Baltic Sea; the earliest recorded use of the term, as "Engla londe", is in the late-ninth-century translation into Old English of Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People. The term was used in a different sense to the modern one, meaning "the land inhabited by the English", it included English people in what is now south-east Scotland but was part of the English kingdom of Northumbria; the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle recorded that the Domesday Book of 1086 covered the whole of England, meaning the English kingdom, but a few years the Chronicle stated that King Malcolm III went "out of Scotlande into Lothian in Englaland", thus using it in the more ancient sense.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, its modern spelling was first used in 1538. The earliest attested reference to the Angles occurs in the 1st-century work by Tacitus, Germania, in which the Latin word Anglii is used; the etymology of the tribal name itself is disputed by scholars. How and why a term derived from the name of a tribe, less significant than others, such as the Saxons, came to be used for the entire country and its people is not known, but it seems this is related to the custom of calling the Germanic people in Britain Angli Saxones or English Saxons to distinguish them from continental Saxons of Old Saxony between the Weser and Eider rivers in Northern Germany. In Scottish Gaelic, another language which developed on the island of Great Britain, the Saxon tribe gave their name to the word for England. An alternative name for England is Albion; the name Albion referred to the entire island of Great Britain. The nominally earliest record of the name appears in the Aristotelian Corpus the 4th-century BC De Mundo: "Beyond the Pillars of Hercules is the ocean that flows round the earth.
In it are two large islands called Britannia. But modern scholarly consensus ascribes De Mundo not to Aristotle but to Pseudo-Aristotle, i.e. it was written in the Graeco-Roman period or afterwards. The word Albion or insula Albionum has two possible origins, it either derives from a cognate of the Latin albus meaning white, a reference to the white cliffs of Dover or from the phrase the "island of the Albiones" in the now lost Massaliote Periplus, attested through Avienus' Ora Maritima to which the former served as a source. Albion is now applied to England in a more poetic capacity. Another romantic name for England is Loegria, related to the Welsh word for England and made popular by its use in Arthurian legend; the earliest known evidence of human presence in the area now known as England was that of Homo antecessor, dating to approximate
National Hockey League
The National Hockey League is a professional ice hockey league in North America comprising 31 teams: 24 in the United States and 7 in Canada. The NHL is considered to be the premier professional ice hockey league in the world, one of the major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada; the Stanley Cup, the oldest professional sports trophy in North America, is awarded annually to the league playoff champion at the end of each season. The National Hockey League was organized on November 26, 1917, at the Windsor Hotel in Montreal after the suspension of operations of its predecessor organization, the National Hockey Association, founded in 1909 in Renfrew, Ontario; the NHL took the NHA's place as one of the leagues that contested for the Stanley Cup in an annual interleague competition before a series of league mergers and folds left the NHL as the only league left competing for the Stanley Cup in 1926. At its inception, the NHL had four teams—all in Canada, thus the adjective "National" in the league's name.
The league expanded to the United States in 1924, when the Boston Bruins joined, has since consisted of American and Canadian teams. From 1942 to 1967, the league had only six teams, collectively nicknamed the "Original Six"; the NHL added six new teams to double its size at the 1967 NHL expansion. The league increased to 18 teams by 1974 and 21 teams in 1979. Between 1991 and 2000, the NHL further expanded to 30 teams, it added its 31st team in 2017 and has approved the addition of a 32nd team in 2021. The league's headquarters have been in New York City since 1989 when the head office moved there from Montreal. After a labour-management dispute that led to the cancellation of the entire 2004–05 season, the league resumed play in 2005–06 under a new collective agreement that included a salary cap. In 2009, the NHL enjoyed record highs in terms of sponsorships and television audiences; the International Ice Hockey Federation considers the Stanley Cup to be one of the "most important championships available to the sport".
The NHL draws many skilled players from all over the world and has players from 20 countries. Canadians have constituted the majority of the players in the league, with an increasing percentage of American and European players in recent seasons; the current NHL Champions are the Washington Capitals, who defeated the Vegas Golden Knights four games to one in the 2018 Stanley Cup Finals. The National Hockey League was established in 1917 as the successor to the National Hockey Association. Founded in 1909, the NHA began play one year with seven teams in Ontario and Quebec, was one of the first major leagues in professional ice hockey, but by the NHA's eighth season, a series of disputes with Toronto Blueshirts owner Eddie Livingstone led team owners of the Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs to hold a meeting to discuss the league's future. Realizing the NHA constitution left them unable to force Livingstone out, the four teams voted instead to suspend the NHA, on November 26, 1917, formed the National Hockey League.
Frank Calder was chosen as its first president, serving until his death in 1943. The Bulldogs were unable to play, the remaining owners created a new team in Toronto, the Arenas, to compete with the Canadiens and Senators; the first games were played on December 19, 1917. The Montreal Arena burned down in January 1918, causing the Wanderers to cease operations, the NHL continued on as a three-team league until the Bulldogs returned in 1919; the NHL replaced the NHA as one of the leagues that competed for the Stanley Cup, an interleague competition back then. Toronto won the first NHL title, defeated the Vancouver Millionaires of the Pacific Coast Hockey Association for the 1918 Stanley Cup; the Canadiens won the league title in 1919. Montreal in 1924 won their first Stanley Cup as a member of the NHL; the Hamilton Tigers, won the regular season title in 1924–25 but refused to play in the championship series unless they were given a C$200 bonus. The league refused and declared the Canadiens the league champion after they defeated the Toronto St. Patricks in the semi-final.
Montreal was defeated by the Victoria Cougars of the Western Canada Hockey League for the 1925 Stanley Cup. It was the last time a non-NHL team won the trophy, as the Stanley Cup became the de facto NHL championship in 1926 after the WCHL ceased operation; the National Hockey League embarked on rapid expansion in the 1920s, adding the Montreal Maroons and Boston Bruins in 1924. The Bruins were the first American team in the league; the New York Americans began play in 1925 after purchasing the assets of the Hamilton Tigers, were joined by the Pittsburgh Pirates. The New York Rangers were added in 1926; the Chicago Black Hawks and Detroit Cougars were added after the league purchased the assets of the defunct WCHL. A group purchased the Toronto St. Patricks in 1927 and renamed them the Maple Leafs; the first NHL All-Star Game was held in 1934 to benefit Ace Bailey, whose career ended on a vicious hit by Eddie Shore. The second was held in 1937 in support of Howie Morenz's family when he died of a coronary embolism after breaking his leg during a game.
The Great Depression and the onset of World War II took a toll on the league. The Pirates became the Philadelphia Quakers in 1930 folded one year later; the Senators became the St. Louis Eagles in 1934 lasting only one
Dunnville is an unincorporated community located near the mouth of the Grand River in Haldimand County, Canada near the historic Talbot Trail. It was an incorporated town encompassing the surrounding area with a total population of 12,000. Dunnville was the site of a Cayuga settlement called Detgahnegaha'gó:wah; the European settlement was built as the entrance to the Welland "feeder" canal and the town once boasted several water-powered mills and a once-bustling canal port. The feeder canal closed in the late 1880s and the last mill was destroyed and replaced with a condominium complex about ten years ago. There is an impassable dam at Dunnville which regulates the level of the Grand River at Port Maitland which, in the 19th century helped regulate the level of the Welland Canal. Dunnville was incorporated as a village in 1860 and as a town in 1900. In 1974, the town amalgamated with the townships of Dunn, Canborough and Sherbrooke when the Regional Municipality of Haldimand-Norfolk was formed.
In 2001, Dunnville and all other municipalities within the region were dissolved and the region was divided into two single tier municipalities with city-status but called counties. What was the incorporated town of Dunnville now consists of Wards 5 and 6 in Haldimand County. Only a few kilometres from Lake Erie, Dunnville has many private vacation properties. There are natural attractions. In June, the annual Mudcat Festival is held to celebrate one of the Grand River's most well-known inhabitants; the festival includes a parade, strongman contests and fireworks. Another popular event is the Dunnville Agricultural Fair, held in late August which includes heavy and miniature horse shows and goat shows. Dunnville has tennis and swimming facilities and many Bed and Breakfasts and camp sites to stay in. Tuesday and Saturday are Farmers Market days since the relocation of the local arena Dunnville is constructing a new Farmers Market Pavilion providing more protection from the elements while helping to support what the local farming has to offer.
The former World War II RCAF Training Base, the Dunnville Airport, offers a unique window on history with its massive hangars and runways. Used for recreational flying and skydiving, the airport is now closed due to six large wind-turbine power generators on the airfield; the airport is home to Haldimand County's newest museum, the No. 6 RCAF Dunnville Museum. It has been the home of the Driver Rehabilitation Centre for the reality television program Canada's Worst Driver since 2010; the Grand River and nearby Lake Erie offers aquatic activities including swimming, windsurfing and features prime locations for fishing. Nearby are Byng Island Conservation Area, Rock Point Provincial Park and Port Maitland's new pier. In the fall, Rock Point hosts thousands of monarch butterflies heading south. Dunnville is the site of one of the largest expanses of provincially significant wetlands in Ontario. Smuckers Foods of Canada Co. which operates the Bick's Pickle Plant, provides employment for a small percentage of the town's population students.
In 2001, Bick's head office facility in Scarborough, Ontario was shut down and operations were transferred to the Dunnville location, where it remained until the end of November 2011, at which point it closed. This community is the easternmost city. On February 13, 2009, the Grand River flooded when the river ice thawed, damaging Cayuga and Dunnville; the next day, the CCGC Griffon proceeded up the river to help clear ice. James N. Allan, politician Ryan Barnes, hockey player John Bowen, Bishop of Sierra Leone Cory Conacher, Former NHL player for the Ottawa Senators Peter DeBoer, NHL Coach for the San Jose Sharks David Fenyves, retired NHL player Jim Gregory, Past General Manager for the Toronto Maple Leafs Nathan Horton, NHL player for the Toronto Maple Leafs Matt Roik, professional lacrosse goaltender for the Washington Stealthy Tyson Leies, professional lacrosse player, elected to Canadian Lacrosse Hall of Fame Dunnville Secondary School - Panthers St. Michael's Catholic School - Golden Hawks Dunnville Christian School Mapleview Elementary School - Mustangs Thompson Creek Elementary School - TimberwolvesAttercliffe Canadian Reformed Elementary School Lions Club Lioness Club Optimist Club Rotary International Club Dunnville Kinsmen Royal Canadian Legion Branch 142 Dunnville Community Theatre River Arts Festival Broad Street Tattoo No.6 RCAF Dunnville Museum
Anders Börje Salming, nicknamed "The King", is a Swedish retired professional ice hockey defenceman. He played for Brynäs IF, the Toronto Maple Leafs, the Detroit Red Wings, AIK. Salming was one of the first European players to make an impact in the National Hockey League, paving the way for future generations of players, he was one of the premier defencemen of his era in the NHL, was recognized for this by being inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1996. Remembered for his many seasons with the Maple Leafs, he holds numerous franchise records, including most assists. Salming played extensively for Sweden in international play, he was recognized for this by being selected to the International Ice Hockey Federation Centennial All-Star Team. In 2017 Salming was named one of the'100 Greatest NHL Players' in history. Salming was born on 17 April 1951 in the village of Salmi in Kiruna, near Torneträsk in Jukkasjärvi Parish, his father, was of Sami origin, while his mother, was Swedish. His paternal grandfather Anders Nikolaus had the surname of Saari, but changed to Salming after the village that he and his father had built up.
His father died in an accident in the mine when Salming was 5 years old. He is proud of his Sami heritage, wears a traditional Sami pewter bracelet, he is the first person of Sami origin to play in a top North American professional sports league. He followed in his older brother Stig Salming's footsteps playing ice hockey and played handball. Salming played with Kiruna AIF in Sweden's Division 2 from 1967–1970, before joining Brynäs in the top division between 1970 and 1973. Brynäs won league championships in 1972 with Salming on the squad. Salming was signed as a free agent by the Toronto Maple Leafs on 12 May 1973. Salming was not the Leafs target. Salming made his National Hockey League debut with the Leafs at the beginning of the 1973–74 NHL season against the Buffalo Sabres. After a 7–4 victory, Salming was named the best player of the game. At the end of the season, Salming had recorded 39 points. Prior to Börje Salming's breakthrough, the consensus in North American ice hockey circles was that European players in general lacked the toughness to play NHL ice hockey, with those from Sweden being referred to as "Chicken Swedes".
However, Salming did much to permanently eradicate that reputation. He played in 1148 regular season games, 81 playoff games and scored 150 goals and 637 assists in the NHL. Salming was named a First Team All-Star in 1977, was selected to the Second Team in 1975, 1976, 1978, 1979 and 1980. Salming spent 16 seasons with the Maple Leafs. On 4 September 1986, Salming was suspended by the NHL for the entire 1986–87 season for admitting in a newspaper interview that he had tried cocaine. However, Salming served just eight games of the suspension before being reinstated. On 26 November 1986, late in a game between the Leafs and the Red Wings in Detroit, Salming was knocked down in front of the Leafs net and Gerard Gallant of the Red Wings accidentally cut Salming's face with his skate blade; the injury required more than two hundred stitches to his face. In 1989, after sixteen years with the Toronto Maple Leafs, he signed as a free agent with the Red Wings, for whom he played one season to finish his career in the NHL.
He completed his pro hockey career with AIK of the Swedish Elite League. Salming was a fan favourite in Toronto; the peak of his popularity may have come during the 1976 Canada Cup, held at Maple Leaf Gardens. When Team Sweden was playing against the Team USA, Salming received an extended standing ovation during player introductions. Salming commented, "I'll never forget our game in Toronto; the fans gave me a standing ovation during the introductions. I was representing my country and Canadian fans gave me a standing ovation. Sometimes hockey has no country." After the end of his active hockey career, Salming moved into the sports underwear business with his own brand Salming Underwear. In 2007, at age 56, he posed nude for acclaimed Swedish graffiti artist Johan A Wattberg to create 31 paintings that were exhibited in Sweden before going on permanent display at The SPORT Gallery in Toronto, Canada. In 1996, he became the first Swedish hockey player to be inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame. In 1998, he was ranked 74th on The Hockey News' list of the 100 Greatest National Hockey League Players, the highest-ranked player from Sweden.
On 4 October 2006, Salming's no. 21, along with Red Kelly's and Hap Day's no. 4, was honoured by the Leafs in a ceremony before their first game of the 2006–07 season. Named to the All-Star Team at the World Ice Hockey Championships in 1973. Named to the Swedish All-Star Team in 1973 and 1989. Named to the NHL Second All-Star Team in 1975, 1976, 1978, 1979 and 1980. Named to the NHL First All-Star Team in 1977. Awarded the Viking Award in 1976, 1977 and 1979. Awarded the Molson Cup in 1974, 1977, 1978 and 1980. Named to the Canada Cup All-Star Team in 1976. Played in the NHL All-Star Game in 1976, 1977 and 1978. Awarded the Charlie Conacher Humanitarian Award in 1982. Played for Team NHL in the 1979 Challenge Cup. Named to the IIHF Hall of Fame in 1998. Named to the IIHF centennial All Stars team in 2008. Number Retired by the Toronto Maple Leafs Holds 6 career and single season Toronto Maple Leaf records including most career points by a defenceman, most career goals by a def
Europe is a continent located in the Northern Hemisphere and in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the south, it comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia. Since around 1850, Europe is most considered to be separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term "continent" implies physical geography, the land border is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several times since its first conception in classical antiquity; the division of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural and ethnic differences which vary on a spectrum rather than with a sharp dividing line. The geographic border does not follow political boundaries, with Turkey and Kazakhstan being transcontinental countries. A strict application of the Caucasus Mountains boundary places two comparatively small countries and Georgia, in both continents.
Europe covers 2 % of the Earth's surface. Politically, Europe is divided into about fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of about 741 million as of 2016; the European climate is affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. Further from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast. Europe, in particular ancient Greece, was the birthplace of Western civilization; the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration Period marked the end of ancient history and the beginning of the Middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration and science led to the modern era. Since the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. Between the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various times the Americas all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in Great Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to radical economic and social change in Western Europe and the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most part in Europe, contributing to a decline in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet Union and the United States took prominence. During the Cold War, Europe was divided along the Iron Curtain between NATO in the West and the Warsaw Pact in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall. In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, following a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, with the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals, it includes all European states except for Belarus and Vatican City. Further European integration by some states led to the formation of the European Union, a separate political entity that lies between a confederation and a federation.
The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most used among Europeans. In classical Greek mythology, Europa was a Phoenician princess; the word Europe is derived from her name. The name contains the elements εὐρύς, "wide, broad" and ὤψ "eye, countenance", hence their composite Eurṓpē would mean "wide-gazing" or "broad of aspect". Broad has been an epithet of Earth herself in the reconstructed Proto-Indo-European religion and the poetry devoted to it. There have been attempts to connect Eurṓpē to a Semitic term for "west", this being either Akkadian erebu meaning "to go down, set" or Phoenician'ereb "evening, west", at the origin of Arabic Maghreb and Hebrew ma'arav. Michael A. Barry, professor in Princeton University's Near Eastern Studies Department, finds the mention of the word Ereb on an Assyrian stele with the meaning of "night, sunset", in opposition to Asu " sunrise", i.e. Asia.
The same naming motive according to "cartographic convention" appears in Greek Ἀνατολή. Martin Litchfield West stated that "phonologically, the match between Europa's name and any form of the Semitic word is poor." Next to these hypotheses there is a Proto-Indo-European root *h1regʷos, meaning "darkness", which produced Greek Erebus. Most major world languages use words derived from Europa to refer to the continent. Chinese, for example, uses the word Ōuzhōu. In some Turkic languages the Persian name Frangistan is used casually in referring to much of Europe, besides official names such as Avrupa or Evropa; the prevalent definition of Europe as a geographical term has been in use since the mid-19th century. Europe is taken to be bounded by large bodies of water
Darryl Glen Sittler is a Canadian retired professional ice hockey player who played in the National Hockey League from 1970 until 1985 for the Toronto Maple Leafs, the Philadelphia Flyers and the Detroit Red Wings. He was elected to the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1989, the Ontario Sports Hall of Fame in 2003 and the Canadian Walk of Fame in 2016. In 2017 Sittler was named one of the'100 Greatest NHL Players' in history. On February 7, 1976, Sittler set an NHL record, he recorded ten points against the Boston Bruins. Sittler grew up in St. Jacobs and played minor hockey in nearby Elmira, he was drafted out of the Junior C Elmira Sugar Kings by the London Nationals, soon renamed the London Knights, played under coaches Turk Broda and Bep Guidolin. Sittler was selected eighth overall by the Maple Leafs in the 1970 NHL Amateur Draft, he was named team captain on September 10, 1975 after Dave Keon left the team to play in the World Hockey Association following a contract dispute with Leafs owner Harold Ballard.
In his first season as captain, Sittler finished the season with 41 goals and 59 assists, being the first Leaf to reach the 100 point mark. A few months he tied the playoff record for most goals in one game, with five against the Philadelphia Flyers; that summer, in the inaugural Canada Cup, he scored in overtime to win the final series for Team Canada over Czechoslovakia. On February 7, 1976 in a game between Toronto and Boston at Maple Leaf Gardens, Sittler set an NHL record that still stands by tallying 6 goals and adding 4 assists for 10 points. All his points were scored against rookie goalie Dave Reece in an 11-4 Maple Leaf victory. In 1977–78, Sittler's 117 points ranked him third in regular season scoring behind Guy Lafleur and Bryan Trottier, earned him a Second Team All-Star selection. Sittler's scoring totals remained a Leafs record until being surpassed by Doug Gilmour in 1992–93; the 1978–79 season saw Sittler suffer some knee problems and miss 10 games. It was the year Leafs owner Ballard fired and rehired coach Roger Neilson, a process which saw Sittler lobby on the players' behalf for Neilson's reinstatement.
Sittler's relationship with Ballard deteriorated after Ballard hired Punch Imlach as general manager in July 1979. Imlach and Ballard both had strained relations with NHLPA executive director Alan Eagleson who, as a player agent, represented more than a dozen Leafs, including Sittler and his best friend and linemate, Lanny McDonald. Imlach believed Sittler had too much influence on the team and tried to undermine his authority with the players; when Sittler and goaltender Mike Palmateer agreed to appear on the TV show Showdown, as negotiated by the NHLPA, Imlach went to court to try to get injunction to stop them. When Imlach said he was open to offers for Sittler from other teams, Eagleson said it would cost $500,000 to get Sittler to waive the no-trade clause in his contract. So, instead of trading Sittler, Imlach sent McDonald to the woeful Colorado Rockies on December 29, 1979. In response, Sittler ripped the captain's C off his sweater commenting a captain had to be the go-between with players and management, he no longer had any communication with management.
Ballard would liken Sittler's actions to burning the Canadian flag. Through the summer, Ballard insisted, but before the start of the 1980–81 season and Ballard appeared at a news conference described as "all smiles and buddy-buddy" to announce that Sittler would be at training camp. He showed up with the C back on his sweater. Sittler had arranged the talks with Ballard on his own; the discussions took place with Imlach hospitalized following his second heart attack. At the news conference, Ballard said the real battle had been between Imlach and Eagleson, Sittler just got caught in the crossfire. During the 1981–82 season, Ballard considered Imlach's health to be too poor for him to continue as general manager, but with Imlach gone, Sittler's relationship with the Leafs worsened to the point where he told Ballard and acting general manager Gerry McNamara at the end of November he would waive his no-trade clause if he was sent to the Flyers or the Minnesota North Stars. In the first week of December, Eagleson agreed to terms with Flyers' owner Ed Snider and North Stars' general manager Lou Nanne.
But it took another seven weeks for the Leafs to make a deal. During that time, Sittler added the Islanders and Buffalo Sabres to the list of teams he could be traded to. On January 5, 1982, on advice from his physician, Sittler walked out on the Leafs, saying he was "mentally depressed" because a trade was taking so long to complete. On January 20, 1982, the 31-year-old Sittler was traded to the Flyers for Rich Costello plus the Hartford Whalers' second-round pick in the 1982 draft, future considerations, which ended up being Ken Strong. Only Ihnacak would play for the Leafs. In 1980, Imlach had rejected an offer from Philadelphia, who were said to be willing to trade Rick MacLeish and André Dupont for Sittler. With the Flyers in 1982–83, Sittler earned his fourth All-Star game appearance and he returned to the Flyers the following season. Before the 1984 -- 85 season, Sittler was told. On the day the announcement was to be made—Sittler had a brief speech prepared—he was instead told by Flyers' newly appointed general manager Bobby Clarke he had been traded to the Detroit Red Wings for Murray Craven and Joe Paterson.
It was this incident. "Clarke can't come close to real
Toronto St. Michael's Majors
The Toronto St. Michael's Majors were a major junior ice hockey team in the Ontario Hockey League, based in Toronto, Canada; the most recent franchise was revived on August 15, 1996. In 2007, the team relocated to Mississauga and became the Mississauga St. Michael's Majors until 2012; the hockey program was founded and operated by St. Michael's College School in 1906, adopted the name "Majors" in 1934, was referred to as St. Mike's Majors; the St. Michael's College Hockey Team was first established in 1906 when the team joined the junior division of the Ontario Hockey Association; the team was not known as the St. Michael's Majors until 1934, had the informal nickname of the "Irish"; the school team played for 55 years until 1961 before suspending operations. St. Michael's revived the Majors hockey team for the 1997-98 season in the Ontario Hockey League. In total, over one hundred St. Michael's Majors alumni have gone on to play in the National Hockey League, including 13 members of the Hockey Hall of Fame.
The hockey team was founded and operated by St. Michael's College School, a Catholic secondary school in uptown Toronto; the college's hockey team soon blossomed. The school competed with their crosstown rivals, the Protestant organized Toronto Marlborough Athletic Club for Toronto's hockey supremacy. Players in the St. Michael's Majors program, were enrolled in the school. St. Michael's were successful in recruiting players and providing a complete education at the same time; the college built a strong reputation in moulding well-rounded young citizens. Four years after the hockey program started, St. Michael's were Canadian Amateur Champions, winning the Allan Cup in 1910. Birth of the MajorsIn 1933, the Ontario Hockey Association's Junior division, split into'A' and'B' levels. St. Michael's divided its hockey program into two teams accordingly; the Junior'A' team became the Majors, the Junior'B' team was known as St. Michael's Buzzers; the Majors dominated the Junior A hockey scene during the 1933-34 season.
The team was undefeated in the regular season, kept rolling through the playoffs, the Ontario Championship, Eastern Canadian Championship and the Memorial Cup. Of note, in 1933-34 the Buzzers won the Sutherland Cup as Ontario Junior'B' champions. St. Michael's featured the likes of Bobby Bauer, Reg Hamilton, Art Jackson, Regis Kelly, Nick Metz, Don Wilson, Mickey Drouillard, goaltenders Harvey Teno and Jack Hamilton; the Toronto team was coached by a dentist who had quite a hockey history. He refereed in the NHL in the 1920s; that was after he had played defence on the Allan Cup winners from St. Michael's in 1909-1910 and captained the Allan Cup-winning Dentals of Toronto in 1916-17. In the 1934 playoffs St. Michael's skated to 8-2, 9-3 victories versus the Ottawa Shamrocks to win the two game series for the Ontario title. In the following series, Toronto faced the Charlottetown Abegweits in the eastern final, played in Toronto; the Majors prevailed again in two games, by scores of 12-2 and 7-2.
The Memorial Cup final was played at Shea's Amphitheatre in Winnipeg, where St. Michael's faced the Edmonton Athletic Club in a best-of-three series for the title; the Majors picked up Turk Broda from the Winnipeg Monarchs to back up if goaltender Harvey Teno was injured. St. Mike's opened with a 5-0 victory over the Athletics on April 3. More than 4,500 fans showed up for game 2 on April 5. St. Michael's won its first Memorial Cup championship, with a 6-4 victory in overtime. 1937 OHA ChampionsSt. Michael's made their second trip to the OHA finals in 1937, again faced the same opponent from in 1934, the Stratford Midgets. Toronto prevailed winning 3 games to 2. In the Ontario Championship, St. Michael's faced a familiar foe in the Copper Cliff Redmen; the Redmen played in Newmarket in the same league as Toronto, but switched to NOHA. Toronto lost in 2 straight games. Joe Primeau returned to coach the 1945 Memorial Cup St. Michael's team, after being runners-up in the OHA finals in 1944. In 1945, Toronto won the J. Ross Robertson Cup, defeating the Galt Black Hawks in four games straight.
The Majors advanced further by eliminating the Montreal Royals in six games in the eastern final. They won the sixth game 7-4 behind Joe Sadler's three goals in front of 10,548 fans at Maple Leaf Gardens on April 11; the Memorial Cup final was played in its entirety at Maple Leaf Gardens. The Majors' opponents were the Moose Jaw Canucks coached by Roy Bentley. Toronto won game one 8-5 on April 14 Moose Jaw turned the tables on April 16 with a 5-3 victory to the series; the Majors won each of the next three games by scores of 4-3 and 7-2 in the deciding game. Trail, B. C. native Frank Turik scored three hat tricks in the five games to become the tournament's leading goal scorer. Paid attendance for the five games was 65,437, which exceeded the Maple Leaf Gardens junior record for five games, set in 1943 when the Winnipeg Rangers tangled with the Oshawa Generals; that 1943 series still held the six-game record of 73,867. St. Michael's returned to the Memorial Cup for a second consecutive year in 1946.
The Majors defeated the Oshawa Generals in a six-game, coming back from two games behind for the OHA championship. St. Michael's swept the Montreal Junior Canadiens in three games straight in the eastern finals; the Majors met up with the Winnipeg Monarchs at Maple Leaf Gardens on April 13 to start the best-of-seven series for the national championship. Winnipeg won the first game 3 to 2 Toronto rallied to win the next two games 5 to 3, 7 to 3, before the Monarchs the series in game four, winning 4 to 3. Toronto scored a 7