Hudson Hawk is a 1991 American action comedy film directed by Michael Lehmann. Bruce Willis stars in the title role and co-wrote both the story and the theme song. Danny Aiello, Andie MacDowell, James Coburn, David Caruso, Lorraine Toussaint, Frank Stallone, Sandra Bernhard and Richard E. Grant are featured, it was a box office bomb. The live action film employs cartoon-style slapstick including sound effects, which enhances the movie's signature surreal humour; the plot combines material based on conspiracy theories, secret societies, historic mysteries, as well as outlandish "clockpunk" technology à la Coburn's Our Man Flint movies of the 1960s. A recurring plot device in the film has Hudson and his partner Tommy "Five-Tone" singing songs concurrently but separately, to time and synchronize their exploits. Willis-Aiello duets of Bing Crosby's "Swinging on a Star" and Paul Anka's "Side by Side" are featured on the film's soundtrack. Eddie "Hudson Hawk" Hawkins —"Hudson Hawk" is a nickname for the bracing winds off the Hudson River—is a master catburglar and safe-cracker, attempting to celebrate his first day of parole from prison with a cappuccino.
Before he can get it, he is blackmailed by various entities, including his own parole officer, a minor Mafia family headed by the Mario Brothers, the CIA into doing several dangerous art heists with his singing partner in crime, Tommy "Five-Tone" Messina. The holders of the puppet strings turn out to be a "psychotic American corporation", Mayflower Industries, run by husband and wife Darwin and Minerva Mayflower and their blade-slinging butler, Alfred; the company, headquartered in the Esposizione Universale Roma, seeks to take over the world by reconstructing La Macchina dell'Oro, a machine purportedly invented by Leonardo da Vinci that converts lead into gold. A special assembly of crystals needed for the machine to function are hidden in a variety of Leonardo's artworks: the maquette of the Sforza, the Da Vinci Codex, a scale model of DaVinci's helicopter design. Sister Anna Baragli is an operative for a secretive Vatican counter-espionage agency, which has arranged with the CIA to assist in the Roman portion of Hawk's mission, though intending all along to foil the robbery at St. Peter's Basilica.
Throughout the adventure, Hudson is foiled in attempts to drink a cappuccino. After blowing up an auctioneer to cover up the theft of the Sforza, the Mario Bros. take Hawk away in an ambulance. Hawk sticks syringes into Antony Mario's face and falls out of the ambulance on a gurney, the Marios try to run him down with the ambulance as his gurney speeds along the highway; the brothers are killed when their driver, startled by the array of syringes in Antony's face, crashes the ambulance. Afterwards, Hawk meets CIA head George Kaplan and his CIA agents–Snickers, Kit Kat, Almond Joy, Butterfinger –who take him to Darwin and Minerva Mayflower. Hawk steals the Da Vinci Codex from another museum, but refuses to steal the helicopter design. Tommy Five-Tone fakes his death, they are discovered and attacked by the CIA Agents, Kaplan reveals that he and his agents stole the piece, unlike Tommy and Hudson, had no problem killing the guards. Hawk and Tommy escape when Snickers and Almond Joy are killed -Snickers by a misfired explosive, Almond Joy in the ensuing blast after being incapacitated by a backfired paralysis dart- and pursue the remaining agents.
Kit Kat and Butterfinger take Anna to the castle. A showdown takes place at the castle between the remaining CIA agents, the Mayflowers, the team of Hudson, Five-Tone, Baragli. Kit Kat and Butterfinger are betrayed and killed by Minerva, although Kit Kat frees Baragli before he dies. Tommy fights Darwin and Alfred inside Darwin's speeding limo, Hudson fights George Kaplan on the roof of the castle. Kaplan topples from the castle and lands of the roof of the limo. Alfred plants escapes with Darwin; the bomb detonates. Darwin and Minerva force Hawk to put together the crystal powering the machine, but Hawk intentionally leaves out one small piece; when the Mayflowers activate the machine, it explodes, killing Minerva and Darwin. Hawk battles Alfred. Hawk and Baragli escape the castle using a da Vinci flying machine and discover Tommy waiting for them at a cafe, having miraculously escaped death through an improbable combination of airbags and a sprinkler system in the limo. Hawk gets to enjoy a cappuccino.
Bruce Willis as Eddie Hawkins/Hudson Hawk Danny Aiello as Tommy "Five-Tone" Messina Andie MacDowell as Anna Baragli James Coburn as George Kaplan Richard E. Grant as Darwin Mayflower Sandra Bernhard as Minerva Mayflower Donald Burton as Alfred Andrew Bryniarski as Butterfinger David Caruso as Kit Kat Lorraine Toussaint as Almond Joy Don Harvey as Snickers Doug Martin as Igg Steve Martin as Ook Leonardo Cimino as The Cardinal Frank Stallone as Cesar Mario Carmine Zozzara as Antony Mario Enrico Lo Verso as Apprentice Courtenay Semel as Bratty girl in museum Frank Welker as Bunny the Dog William Conrad as The Narrator The soundtrack album was released by Varèse Sarabande in 1991, there are eleven tracks in all; the film's score was conducted by Michael Kamen with Robert Kraft. "Huds
James Francis Cameron is a Canadian filmmaker, environmentalist and philanthropist who lives in the United States. After working in special effects, he found major success after directing and writing the science fiction action film The Terminator, he became a popular Hollywood director and was hired to write and direct Aliens. He found further critical acclaim for his use of special effects in Terminator 2: Judgment Day. After his film True Lies, Cameron took on his biggest film at the time, which earned him Academy Awards for Best Picture, Best Director and Best Film Editing. After Titanic, Cameron began a project that took 10 years to make: his science-fiction epic Avatar, in particular a landmark for 3D technology, for which he received nominations for the same three Academy Awards. Despite Avatar being his only movie made to date in 3D, Cameron is the most successful 3D film-maker in terms of box-office revenue. In the time between making Titanic and Avatar, Cameron spent several years creating many documentary films and co-developed the digital 3D Fusion Camera System.
Described by a biographer as part scientist and part artist, Cameron has contributed to underwater filming and remote vehicle technologies. On March 26, 2012, Cameron reached the bottom of the Mariana Trench, the deepest part of the ocean, in the Deepsea Challenger submersible, he is the first person to do this in a solo descent, is only the third person to do so ever. In 2010, Time magazine listed Cameron among the 100 most influential people in the world. In total, Cameron's directorial efforts have grossed US$2 billion in North America and US$6 billion worldwide. Not adjusted for inflation, Cameron's Titanic and Avatar are the two highest-grossing films of all time at $2.19 billion and $2.78 billion respectively. Cameron holds the distinction of having directed the first two of the four films in history to gross over $2 billion worldwide. In March 2011, he was named Hollywood's top earner by Vanity Fair, with estimated 2010 earnings of $257 million. In October 2013, a new species of frog Pristimantis jamescameroni from Venezuela was named after him in recognition of his efforts in environmental awareness, in addition to his public promotion of veganism.
Cameron was born in 1954 in Kapuskasing, Canada, the son of Shirley, an artist and nurse, Phillip Cameron, an electrical engineer. His paternal great-great-great-grandfather emigrated from Balquhidder, Scotland, in 1825. Cameron grew up in Chippawa and attended Stamford Collegiate School in Niagara Falls, Ontario, his family moved to California in 1971, when Cameron was 17 years old. He dropped out of Sonora High School attended Brea Olinda High School to further his secondary education. Cameron enrolled at a two-year community college, in 1973 to study physics, he switched to English dropped out before the start of the fall 1974 semester. Next, he worked several jobs, including as a truck driver, writing. During this period he taught himself about special effects: "I'd go down to the USC library and pull any thesis that graduate students had written about optical printing, or front screen projection, or dye transfers, anything that related to film technology; that way I could sit down and read it, if they'd let me photocopy it, I would.
If not, I'd make notes."Cameron quit his job as a truck driver to enter the film industry after seeing Star Wars in 1977. When Cameron read Syd Field's book Screenplay, it occurred to him that integrating science and art was possible, he wrote a 10-minute science-fiction script with two friends, titled Xenogenesis, they raised money, rented camera, film stock and studio shot it in 35 mm. They dismantled the camera to understand how to operate it and spent the first half-day of the shoot trying to figure out how to get it running, he was the director, writer and production designer for Xenogenesis. He became an uncredited production assistant on Rock and Roll High School in 1979. While continuing to educate himself in filmmaking techniques, Cameron started working as a miniature model maker at Roger Corman Studios. Making produced, low-budget productions taught Cameron to work efficiently, he soon found employment as an art director in the sci-fi movie Battle Beyond the Stars. He did special effects work design and direction on John Carpenter's Escape from New York, acted as production designer on Galaxy of Terror, consulted on the design of Android.
Cameron was hired as the special effects director for the sequel to Piranha, entitled Piranha II: The Spawning in 1982. The original director, Miller Drake, left the project due to creative differences with producer Ovidio Assonitis, who gave Cameron his first job as director; the interior scenes were filmed in Rome, while the underwater sequences were shot at Grand Cayman Island. The movie was to be produced in Jamaica. On location, production slowed due to adverse weather. James Cameron was fired after failing to get a close up of Carole Davis in her opening scene. Ovidio ordered Cameron to do the close-up the next day. Cameron spent the entire day sailing around the resort, reproducing the lighting but still failed to get the close-up. After he was fired, Ovidio invited Cameron to assist in the shooting. Once in Rome, Ovidio took over the editing. During his illness, Camer
Behind Enemy Lines (2001 film)
Behind Enemy Lines is a 2001 American war film directed by John Moore in his directorial debut, starring Owen Wilson and Gene Hackman. The film tells the story of Lieutenant Chris Burnett, an American naval flight officer, shot down over Bosnia and uncovers genocide during the Bosnian War. Meanwhile, his commanding officer is struggling to gain approval to launch a combat search and rescue mission to save Burnett; the plot is loosely based on the 1995 Mrkonjić Grad incident. Released on November 30, 2001, Behind Enemy Lines received negative reviews from critics, with criticism aimed at the film's action scenes and its perceived jingoistic plot. However, it was a considerable box office success, taking in nearly $92 million worldwide against a $40 million budget; the film was followed by three direct-to-video sequels, Behind Enemy Lines II: Axis of Evil, Behind Enemy Lines: Colombia, SEAL Team 8: Behind Enemy Lines, with the third film being co-produced by WWE Studios. None of these sequels feature the crew of the original.
During the Bosnian War, United States Navy flight officer Lieutenant Chris Burnett and pilot Lieutenant Jeremy Stackhouse, who are stationed on the aircraft carrier USS Carl Vinson in the Adriatic Sea, are assigned an aerial reconnaissance mission by their commanding officer, Admiral Reigart. The mission goes smoothly until they spot suspicious activity in the demilitarized zone where NATO aircraft and the warring factions are prohibited from engaging in military activity. Burnett persuades Stackhouse to fly their F/A-18F Super Hornet off-course to get a close look and photograph the target, they are unaware that they photographed mass graves, Serb paramilitaries see the jet. The local Bosnian Serb paramilitary commander, General Miroslav Lokar, is conducting a secret genocidal campaign against the local Bosniak population. Not wanting the mass graves to be discovered, Lokar orders the jet be shot down. Despite trying to outmaneuver the missiles fired at them, their jet is hit and both men are forced to eject.
Shortly after touching ground, a Serb patrol interrogate him. Stackhouse is executed by Sasha, one of Lokar's right-hand men. Burnett, observing the Serbs' interrogation of Stackhouse from a hill, flees the area, but exposes his location. Wanting Burnett dead as well, Lokar orders both his deputy, Colonel Bazda, Sasha to find him. After Burnett contacts Reigart for help, he orders Burnett to move to a certain location in order to be extracted. However, Reigart is forced to stand down after Admiral Piquet, the commander of NATO naval forces in the region, warns him that rescuing Burnett in the demilitarized zone risks derailing the peace process; when Burnett reaches the extraction point, Reigart informs him that he must move to another location miles outside of the demilitarized zone in order to be rescued. After being informed, Burnett sees a Serb patrol, led by Bazda, looking for him. Running from them, he falls into the mass grave that he and Stackhouse had photographed and hides under a dead body.
When the patrol is out of sight, he continues to run. On his way to the new extraction point, Burnett encounters a group of Bosniak guerrillas in a pickup truck who offer him a ride; the guerrillas inform Burnett that they are heading to Hač, a safe haven but turns out to be a war zone. During the battle, Serb troops believe that they have found Burnett's body, but Sasha realizes that Burnett had switched uniforms with a dead Serb guerrilla and escaped Hač; the Serbs turn the situation to their advantage, presenting the corpse wearing Burnett's uniform to the media, saying he was killed by guerrillas. The ruse works and a mission to rescue Burnett is aborted. However, Burnett notices an angel statue near, he activates the rescue beacon. Though the carrier group notices his signal and positively identifies him, Burnett has alerted the Serbs to his location. Knowing he risks being relieved of command, Reigart prepares a task force to rescue Burnett in open defiance of Piquet's orders. Meanwhile and Sasha are ordered by Lokar to find Burnett and kill him, but on their way, Bazda steps on a landmine and Sasha abandons him to his fate.
The mine explodes, alerting Burnett that someone is following him. After Sasha finds the ejection seat, Burnett ambushes him and the two men engage in hand-to-hand combat until Burnett fatally stabs Sasha. Thereafter, Lokar arrives with armored vehicles and infantry who open fire on Burnett. Reigart's task force holds off Lokar's forces. After retrieving the hard drive containing the photos of the mass graves, Burnett is rescued; the footage Burnett retrieved leads to the arrest and conviction of Lokar for war crimes including genocide, while Reigart's actions result in him being relieved of command and his eventual retirement. Burnett continues his career in the Navy; the film was shot on location in Slovakia, plus Koliba Studios, Slovakia. The USS Carl Vinson was the aircraft carrier featured in the film. Exterior naval footage was filmed on board the carrier. Interiors were filmed on the USS Constellation, on a film set; the film bears some resemblance to the experiences of former U. S. Air Force Captain Scott O'Grady, shot down over Bosnia on June 2, 1995.
He managed to survive for six days before being rescued by U. S. Marines. O'Grady, who became a children's author and motivational speaker, filed suit against the both the producers of Behind Enemy Lines as well as Behind Enemy Lines: The Scott O’Grady Story, a 1998 documentary that Discovery Channel aired on his experience, for defamation of character, accusing the film's producers of in
Predator 2 is a 1990 American science fiction action film written by brothers Jim and John Thomas, directed by Stephen Hopkins, starring Danny Glover, Ruben Blades, Gary Busey, María Conchita Alonso, Bill Paxton, Kevin Peter Hall. The film is the second installment of the Predator franchise, serving as a sequel to 1987's Predator, with Kevin Peter Hall reprising the title role of the Predator. Set ten years after the events of the first film, in Los Angeles, the film focuses on the Predator, a technologically advanced alien hunter, the efforts of a disgruntled police officer and his allies to defeat the malevolent creature; the film received negative reviews and, despite earning a moderate return at the box office, grossing $57 million worldwide, was considered a disappointment compared to the previous film's $98 million gross on a smaller production budget. As a result, this would be the last film appearance of the Predator until 2004's crossover film Alien vs. Predator. A direct sequel, was released in 2010.
In the years since its release, the film gained a strong cult following. In 1997, Los Angeles is suffering from both a heat wave and a turf war between armed Colombian and Jamaican drug cartels. A Predator watches a shootout between the police and Colombians, observing as Lieutenant Michael R. Harrigan charges into the firefight to rescue two wounded officers and drive the Colombians back into their hideout; the Predator assaults the Colombians causing a disturbance that prompts Harrigan and his police detectives Leona Cantrell and Danny Archuleta to defy orders and enter the hideout. They find. Harrigan shoots the crazed gang leader on the roof, he catches a glimpse of the camouflaged Predator but dismisses it as an effect of the extreme heat and his acrophobia. At the station, Harrigan is reprimanded by his superiors for his disobedience, he is introduced to Special Agent Peter Keyes, leader of the task force investigating the cartels, Detective Jerry Lambert, the newest member of Harrigan's team.
That evening, Jamaicans enter the Colombian drug lord's penthouse and murder him, but they are soon slaughtered by the Predator. Harrigan's team find the drug lord's body and the Jamaicans' skinned corpses suspended from the rafters, noting the similarity to the earlier Colombian massacre. Keyes kicks Harrigan's team out. Archuleta returns to continue investigating. After he finds one of the Predator's speartip weapons in an air conditioning vent, the lurking Predator kills him. Harrigan vows to bring down Danny's killer. Forensic analysis reveals. Seeking answers, Harrigan meets with Jamaican drug lord King Willie, a voodoo practitioner, in an alley. King Willie tells Harrigan that the killer is supernatural, that he should prepare himself for battle against him. Harrigan more puzzled, leaves before the Predator kills King Willie, taking his head as a trophy. Tracing a lead indicating Danny's killer had been in a slaughterhouse, Harrigan arranges to meet his team at a warehouse district to investigate.
Cantrell and Lambert take the subway to the rendezvous when the Predator, hunting Harrigan's subordinates attacks. Lambert is killed. Cantrell is spared. Arriving on the scene to find numerous armed civilians dead in addition to Cantrell, Harrigan chases the fleeing Predator but is intercepted by Keyes' men. Keyes reveals that the killer is an extraterrestrial hunter with infrared vision that uses active camouflage and has been hunting humans for sport throughout armed conflicts, most in Central America. Keyes and his team have set a trap in a nearby slaughterhouse, using thermally insulated suits and cryogenic weapons to capture it for study; when the Predator arrives, the trap is sprung. However, the suspicious Predator uses its mask to scan through various electromagnetic wavelengths to identify the light from the team's torches, it now outmaneuvers and slaughters the men before wounding Keyes. Harrigan attacks the Predator, badly wounding it before it rallies, destroys his weapon, closes in.
Harrigan is saved by the sudden reappearance of Keyes who tries to freeze the alien but is soon decapitated by its throwing disc. The Predator chases Harrigan to the two foes clash, leaving them hanging from a ledge; the alien activates a self-destruct device on its forearm which Harrigan severs using the throwing disc, rendering the device harmless. The Predator treats its wounds and flees through the building. Harrigan finds a spacecraft in an underground chamber. Inside the ship, after showing a trophy room with different skulls including a Xenomorph, the two face off in a final duel and Harrigan kills the Predator by impaling it with the throwing disc. Several other Predators appear and collect their dead comrade one of them presents Harrigan with an antique flintlock pistol as a trophy. Harrigan escapes from the ship, he reaches the surface. As Keyes' subordinate Garber curses their lost opportunity to capture the alien, Harrigan muses that the creatures will return. Danny Glover as Lieutenant Michael "Mike" R. Harrigan, an LAPD Officer, investigating rival Jamaican and Colombian drug cartels.
He is stubborn and is criticized by the superior officers for not obeying orders. Kevin Peter Hall as The Predator, a member of a warrior race which hunts aggressive members of other species for sport, uses active camouflage, a p
Howard the Duck (film)
Howard the Duck is a 1986 American comic science fiction film directed by Willard Huyck and starring Lea Thompson, Jeffrey Jones, Tim Robbins. Based on the Marvel comic book of the same title, the film was produced by Gloria Katz and written by Huyck and Katz, with George Lucas as executive producer; the screenplay was intended to be an animated film, but the film adaptation became live-action because of a contractual obligation. Although several TV adaptations of Marvel characters had aired during the preceding 21 years, this was the first theatrically released feature film, coming after the serial Captain America. Lucas proposed adapting the comic book following the production of American Graffiti. After multiple production difficulties and mixed response to test screenings, Howard the Duck was released in theaters on August 1, 1986. Upon its release, the film was a critical and commercial failure, in the years since, was considered one of the worst films of all time, it was nominated for seven Razzie Awards, made about US$15 million domestically compared to its US$37 million budget.
Despite the criticism, it has gained a cult following among fans of the comic-book series. 27-year-old Howard the Duck lives on Duckworld, a planet similar to Earth, but inhabited by anthropomorphic ducks and orbited by twin moons. As he is reading the latest issue of Playduck magazine, his armchair begins to quake violently and propels him out of his apartment building and into outer space. Upon arriving, Howard encounters a woman being attacked by thugs, he defeats them using a unique style of martial arts. After the thugs flee, the woman introduces herself as Beverly Switzler, decides to take Howard to her apartment and let him spend the night; the following day, Beverly takes Howard to Phil Blumburtt, a scientist who Beverly hopes can help Howard return to his world. After Phil is revealed to be only a janitor, Howard resigns himself to life on Earth and rejects Beverly's aid, he soon applies for a job as a janitor at a local romance spa. Howard soon rejoins Beverly, who plays in a band called Cherry Bomb.
At the club where Cherry Bomb is performing, Howard comes across their manager, confronts him when he insults the band. A fight breaks out. Howard rejoins Beverly backstage after the band's performance and accompanies her back to her apartment, where Beverly persuades him to be the band's new manager; the two begin to flirt, but they are interrupted by Blumburtt and two of his colleagues, who reveal that a laser spectroscope they were inventing was aimed at Howard's planet and transported him to Earth when it was activated. They theorize. Upon their arrival at the laboratory, the laser spectroscope malfunctions when it is activated, raising the possibility of something else being transported to Earth. At this point, Dr. Walter Jenning is possessed by a life form from a distant region of space; when they visit a diner, the creature introduces itself as a "Dark Overlord of the Universe" and demonstrates its developing mental powers by destroying table utensils and condiments. A fight ensues. Howard is captured and is killed by the diner chef, but the Dark Overlord destroys the diner and escapes with Beverly.
Howard locates Phil, arrested for his presence at the laboratory with no security clearance. After they escape, they discover an ultralight aircraft, which they use to search for the Dark Overlord and Beverly. At the laboratory, the Dark Overlord ties Beverly down to a metal bed and plans to transfer another one of his kind into her body with the dimension machine. Howard and Phil arrive and destroy the Dark Overlord with an experimental "neutron disintegrator". However, the creature has only been forced out of Jenning's body; the Dark Overlord reveals his true form at this point. Howard fires the neutron disintegrator at the hideous beast, he destroys the laser spectroscope, preventing more Dark Overlords from arriving on Earth, but ruining Howard's only chance of returning to his planet. Howard becomes Beverly's manager, hires Phil as an employee on her tour, plays guitar with Beverly on stage. George Lucas attended film school with Willard Huyck and Gloria Katz, who co-wrote American Graffiti with Lucas.
After the film's production concluded, Lucas told Huyck and Katz about the comic book Howard the Duck written by Steve Gerber, describing the series as being "very funny" and praising its elements of film noir and absurdism. In 1984, Lucas relinquished his presidency of Lucasfilm to focus on producing films. According to the documentary A Look Back at Howard the Duck, Huyck and Lucas began to consider adapting Howard the Duck as a film, met with Gerber to discuss the project. Steve Gerber's account differs slightly; the film was optioned by Universal Studios after a partnership with Marvel Comics. According to Marvin Antonowsky, "Sidney lobbied hard for Howard the Duck", because the studio had passed on previous projects in which Lucas was involved, successful. Sheinberg denied any involvement in Howard the Duck. Huyck and Katz felt that the film should be animated; because Universal needed a film for a summer release, Lucas suggested that the film could be produced in live action, with special effects created by ILM.
Production designer Peter Jamison and director of photography Richard Kline were hired to give the
Needles is a city in San Bernardino County, United States. It lies on the western banks of the Colorado River in the Mohave Valley subregion of the Mojave Desert, near the borders of Arizona and Nevada and 110 miles from the Las Vegas Strip, it is the easternmost city of the San Bernardino-Riverside metropolitan area. Needles is geographically isolated from other cities in the county. Barstow, the nearest city within the county, is separated from Needles by over 140 miles of desert and 2 mountain ranges; the city is accessible via Interstate 40 and U. S. Route 95; the population was 4,844 at the 2010 census, up from 4,830 at the 2000 census. Needles was named after "The Needles", a group of pinnacles in the Mohave Mountains on the Arizona side of the river to the south of the city; the large Mohave Native American community shares the nearby Fort Mojave Indian Reservation and the town. Needles is a gateway to the Mojave National Preserve; the Mohave, one of the traditional Colorado River Indian Tribes, are Native Americans that have been living in the Mojave Valley area for thousands of years prior to the European exploration of the area.
In the Mohave language, they call themselves the ʼAha Makhav. Their name comes from two words: ʼaha, meaning "river", makhav, meaning "along" or "beside", to them it means "people who live along the river"; these people traded with the tribes of coastal Southern California following the Mohave Trail. The Franciscan missionary Francisco Garcés, was the first European to visit the Mohave people and travel on the trail and report on the route in 1776. From 1829 to 1848, part of this trail became a part of the route of the Old Spanish Trail between New Mexico and Southern California; the historic Mojave Road, now goes through the Mojave National Preserve following the route of the Mohave Trail. Along it, in 1859, Fort Mohave was built and the road established to protect new pioneer immigrants to California from New Mexico and other travelers from the Mohave during the Mohave War; the city was founded in May 1883 as a result of the construction of the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway, which crossed the Colorado River at Eastbridge, Arizona three miles southeast of modern downtown Needles.
The name was derived from the Needles, pointed mountain peaks at the south end of the valley with wind-blown holes in them, visible only by boat from the Colorado River. This point on the Colorado River was a poor site for such a bridge, lacking firm banks and a solid bottom. Additionally, the bridge was not of the best quality, which led to criticism that it was a "flimsy looking structure", was an obstruction to navigation, since it lacked a draw to allow boat traffic; the flooding and meandering of the Colorado River destroyed the bridge in 1884, 1886 and 1888. The railroad surrendered to nature and built the Red Rock Bridge, a high cantilever bridge, at a much narrower point with solid rock footings ten miles downstream near modern Topock; the bridge was completed in May 1890. A tent town for railroad construction crews, the railroad company built a hotel, car sheds, shops and a roundhouse. Within a month the town boasted a Chinese wash-house, a newsstand, a restaurant, a couple of general stores, nine or ten saloons.
The town became the largest port on the river above Arizona. The railway and the Fred Harvey Company built the elegant Neoclassical and Beaux-Arts style El Garces Hotel and Santa Fe Station in 1908, considered the "crown jewel" of the entire Fred Harvey chain; the landmark building is being restored. Needles was a major stop on the historic U. S. Route 66 highway from the 1920s through the 1960s. For immigrants from the Midwest Dust Bowl in the 1930s, it was the first town that marked their arrival in California; the city is lined with other shops from that era. The "Carty's Camp", which appears in The Grapes of Wrath as the Joad family enters California from Arizona, is now a ghost tourist court, its remains located behind the 1940s-era 66 Motel. In 1949, the United States Bureau of Reclamation began an extensive project to dredge a new channel for the Colorado River that would straighten out a river bend, causing serious silt problems since the Hoover Dam was completed. Needles is a tradition going back many decades.
The city is the eastern gateway to a scenic desert area. The city has a desert climate with a subtropical temperature range, with a mean annual temperature of 74.2 °F.. Needles, like Death Valley to the northwest, is known for extreme heat during the summer; the Needles weather station is reported by the United States government's National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration as the site of the highest daily temperature recorded in the U. S. during the desert summers. Needles sets national or world daily temperature records, along with other related records associated with extreme desert heat. For instance, on July 22, 2006, Needles experienced a record high low temperature of 100 °F at 6:00 AM with a high temperature exceeding 120 °F, making it one of the few locations on Earth that have recorded a triple-digit overnight low temperature. On August 13, 2012, Needles experienced a thunderstorm that deposited rain at a temperature of 115 °F starting at 3:56 PM, setting a new record for the hottest rain in world history.
The air temperature was 118 °F. Since the humidity was only 11%, the rain evaporated so that "only a trace of precipitation was recorded in the rain gauge". Weather records researcher Maximiliano Herrera reported that this was the lowest
Starlog was a monthly science fiction magazine, created in 1976 and focused on Star Trek at its inception. Kerry O'Quinn and Norman Jacobs were its creators and it was published by Starlog Group, Inc. in August 1976. Starlog was one of the first publications to report on the development of the first Star Wars movie, it followed the development of what was to become Star Trek: The Motion Picture. Starlog was born out of the Star Trek fandom craze, but was inspired by the success of the magazine Cinefantastique, the model of Star Trek and Star Wars coverage. Starlog, though it called itself a science fiction magazine contained no fiction; the primary focus of the magazine, besides the fact that it was based on Star Trek fandom, was the making of science fiction media - books and television series - and the work that went into these creations. The magazine examined the form of science fiction and used interviews and features with artists and writers as its foundation. Science fiction fans, such as those who follow the television channel SYFY, have voiced that Starlog is the science fiction magazine most responsible for cultivating and exhibiting fanboy culture in America during the magazine’s heyday in the 1970s through the early 1990s.
Not only did the magazine cover media, the way it was created, by whom, but they attended conventions such as the “Ultimate Fantasy” convention in Houston, Texas in 1982 and kept fans updated on the current events in their respective sci-fi fandoms. Starlog itself followed the marketing strategy of labeling it “the most popular science fiction magazine in publishing history” which allowed the creators to home in on their fanboy market and use that advertisement strategy to their advantage. In years many of its long-time contributors had moved on. Nonetheless, it continued to boast genre journalists such as Jean-Marc Lofficier, Will Murray, Tom Weaver. Starlog ended its run as a digital magazine published by The Brooklyn Company, run by longtime Fangoria President Thomas DeFeo. In April 2009, Starlog ended its time in print, moving 33 years of material into the Internet Archive where the issues are still available today in digital form. Though no new issues were created, all the past issues have been uploaded by users and are downloadable in multiple formats.
In the mid-1970s, Kerry O'Quinn and his high school friend David Houston talked about creating a magazine that would cover science fiction films and television programs. O'Quinn came up the idea of publishing a one-time-only magazine on the Star Trek phenomenon. Houston's editorial assistant, Kirsten Russell, suggested that they include an episode guide to all three seasons of the show, interviews with the cast, unpublished photographs. During this brainstorming session many questions were raised, most notably legal issues. Houston contacted Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry with the intention of interviewing him for the magazine. Once they got his approval, O'Quinn and Jacobs proceeded to put together the magazine, but Paramount Studios, which owned Star Trek, wanted a minimum royalty, greater than the startup's projected net receipts, the project was shelved. O'Quinn realized they could create a magazine that featured only Star Trek content, but without its being the focus, thereby circumvent the royalties issue.
He realized this could be the science fiction magazine he and Houston had talked about. Many titles for the new magazine were suggested, including Fantastic Films and Starflight, before Starlog was chosen; the first issue of Starlog, scheduled as a quarterly, was dated August 1976. While the cover featured Captain Kirk and the Enterprise, the issue contained a "Special Collector's Section" on Star Trek, other science fiction topics were discussed, such as The Bionic Woman and Space: 1999; the issue sold out, this encouraged O'Quinn and Jacobs to publish a magazine every six weeks instead of quarterly. O'Quinn was the magazine's editor, while Jacobs ran the business side of things, dealing with typesetters and printers. One of the magazine's milestones was its 100th issue, published in November 1985, it featured the 100 most important people in science fiction as determined by the editors. This included exclusive interviews with John Carpenter, Peter Cushing, George Lucas, Harlan Ellison, Leonard Nimoy, Gene Roddenberry.
In 1985 and 1986, Starlog teamed with Creation Entertainment to produce a series of conventions called the Starlog SF, Horror & Fantasy Festival. The first show was held March 30 -- 1985, at the Boston Sheraton in Boston. Others were held June 15–16, 1985, at the Center Hotel and May 10–11, 1986, at the Roosevelt Hotel in New York city. Nicholas Courtney of Doctor Who fame was a guest at all three shows; the magazine's 200th issue repeated the format of the 100th issue, but this time interviewed such notable artists as Arthur C. Clarke, Tim Burton, William Gibson, Gale Anne Hurd, Terry Gilliam; the last issue of Starlog, issue 374, published in April 2009 features more modern science fiction media including the television show Fringe, an American movie Push, the animated stop-motion film, Coraline. After the entire magazine industry took a serious tumble in 2001, Starlog Group was purchased by Creative Group, Inc. which continued to publish Starlog and Fangoria, expanded its franchises into the Internet, satellite radio, TV, vid