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Jinx

A jinx, in popular superstition and folklore, is a curse or the attribute of attracting bad or negative luck. The word "jynx" meaning the bird wryneck and sometimes a charm or spell has been in use in English since the seventeenth century; the modern spelling and connotations developed late in the nineteenth century. In the 21st-century press, the suggestion a ship might be "jinxed" was made in connection with two cruise liners after misfortunes, MS Queen Victoria and the Emerald Princess. In the 20th century, the Australian aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne was sometimes said to be jinxed, having twice struck a friendly ship, with considerable loss of life on both occasions. Calling attention to good fortune – e.g. noting that a certain athlete is having a streak of good fortune – is sometimes said to "jinx" it. Conversely, calling attention to possible bad fortune is sometime said to jinx those it might affect. Jinx is a children's game played when two people say the same thing at the same time.

The Online Etymology Dictionary states that'jynx', meaning a charm or spell, was in usage in English as early as the 1690s. The same source states that'jinx', with that specific spelling, is first attested in American English in 1911. Jynx/jinx is traced to the 17th-century word jyng, meaning "a spell", to the Latin word iynx spelled jynx, as'j' and'i' are the same letter in Latin; the Latin iynx came from the Greek name of the wryneck bird, associated with sorcery. A "Mr Jinx" appeared in Ballou's monthly magazine - Volume 6, page 276, in 1857. Barry Popik of the American Dialect Society suggests that the word should be traced back to an American folksong called Captain Jinks of the Horse Marines written by William Lingard in 1868. In 1887, the character Jinks Hoodoo, described as "a curse to everybody, including himself" appeared in the musical comedy Little Puck, the name was picked up by the press. One of the uses of the word "jinx" has been in the context of baseball. Yes, sir, I'll hoodoo th' whole darned club, I will.

I'll put a jinx on'em or my name ain't Dasher, an' that goes! And again But the ball players knew the truth. "A jinx, a jinx," they whispered along the bench. "Cross-eyed girl sittin' over there back o' third. See her? She's got Th' Dasher. Holy smoke, look at them eyes!" Like the discreet and experienced manager he was, McNabb did not chasten his men in this hour of peril. He treated the matter just as as they, condoling with The Dasher, bracing up the Yeggman, execrating the jinx and summoning all his occult strategy to outwit it, and referenced in Pitching at a Pinch, Christy Mathewson explained that "a jinx is something which brings bad luck to a ball player." Baseball's most common "jinx" belief is that talking about a pitcher's ongoing no-hitter will cause it to be ended. See Curse of the Bambino. Hex Jinks

James Ireland Craig

James Ireland Craig was a Scottish mathematician and creator of the Craig retroazimuthal projection. He was born on 24 February 1868 in Buckhaven the son of Captain T M Craig, a pioneer in the development of Borneo, his wife Agnes, he was educated at Daniel Stewart's College in Edinburgh, where he was school dux for 1885. He attended Edinburgh University and Emmanuel College, graduating MA in 1892. In 1893 he became a Master, teaching mathematics at Eton College at Winchester College from 1895. In 1896 he moved to Egypt to work for the Egyptian government. In 1908 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh for his contributions to cartography, his proposers were William J MacDonald, John Alison and John Brown Clark. He created, in 1909, the Craig retroazimuthal projection that preserves true directions on a map to a specified location, such as Mecca, which it why it is called the Mecca projection, he was based in London at the Ministry of Food. In the aftermath of the war he was creator Food Controller 1918-20 for Upper Silesia.

In 1925 he returned to Egypt as Controller General from 1928 to 1934, was Financial Secretary to the Egyptian Census. In 1934 he was made UK Government Commissioner of Customs, he retired from employment in 1947, aged 79. He still spent much of his time in Egypt. In 1942 he was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire for his services in Egypt, he was killed aged 83 in a deliberate fire at the Turf Club in Cairo, set by rioters on 26 January 1952 during the Cairo Fire. In 1897 he married Isabella Wilson; the Rains of the Nile Basin and Nile Floods of 1909 General Theory of Map Projections Anthropometry of Modern Egyptians Some General Principles of Surveying' Egyptian Irrigation Elements of Analytical Geometry

Victoria Centre

Intu Victoria Centre is a shopping centre in Nottingham, constructed between 1967 and 1972. Known as the Victoria Centre, it contains fashion and high street chain stores as well as cafes, restaurants, a health and fitness centre, the Nottingham Victoria bus station. Over three million people live within a 45-minute drive of the centre; the Victoria Centre stands on the site of the old Nottingham Victoria railway station, demolished in 1967. The clock tower and the former Victoria Station Hotel were the only parts of the old station to survive; the shopping centre was built between 1972 by Taylor Woodrow. Above the shopping centre rise the 26 floor, 256 ft high Victoria Centre Flats, which run north–south along their length. There are 36,000 sq ft of office space. In 1970, the kinetic sculptor Rowland Emett was commissioned to design and build a "water-powered" clock known as The Aqua Horological Tintinnabulator; the clock was installed in late 1972 and chimed on the hour and half-hour, playing "Gigue en Rondeau II" from Rameau's "Pieces de Clavecin" Suite in E minor.

This musical animated sculpture was located on the lower mall and was a popular meeting place. The clock was modified to chime and play the music every fifteen minutes. In February 2014 the clock was dismantled and refurbished by engineer Pete Dexter and the Rowland Emett Society, it was reassembled for exhibition in Millennium Point, during the summer of 2014 before being dismantled again and stored until December 2014. The parts were transported back to Nottingham, where Dexter and Intu Victoria Centre staff carried out further refurbishment work, it was reassembled at the north end of the upper mall. Its stature, colour scheme, most of its original water features were restored, it was restarted on 17 June 2015. In 1997 the centre was extended to provide more retail space and allow the addition of a new anchor, House of Fraser. Following this the rest of the centre was refurbished. In 2010 it was announced that the Victoria Centre would be expanded to compete with Westfield's nearby Broadmarsh Centre and new centres in Derby and Leicester.

In November 2011, Capital Shopping Centres purchased the Broadmarsh Centre. The purchase prompted an investigation by the Office of Fair Trading and the Competition Commission, concerned the company's monopoly over the city's shopping centres could negatively impact competition. Following the purchase, the owners wished to begin the planned development of the Victoria Centre, but Nottingham City Council insisted that Broadmarsh must be their "priority" and offered £50 million towards its redevelopment; the deputy leader of Nottingham City Council said the council would withhold planning permission for the development of the Victoria Centre until they "see bulldozers going into the Broadmarsh Centre". In February 2013 the parent company, Capital Shopping Centres, changed its name to Intu Properties; the centre was rebranded Intu Victoria Centre as part of the company's £25m nationwide rebrand. In 2013, plans were revealed for the centre to be refurbished; the refurbishment started in February 2014 and was completed in summer 2015.

It was undertaken by Laing O'Rourke and features a new restaurant quarter in the clock tower area and new lighting, flooring and toilet facilities. This is the second refurbishment of the centre since the last major refurbishment in 1997. There are plans for an extension to the centre to increase floor space, but these will not be considered until plans for Intu Broadmarsh have been submitted. On the first floor, opposite John Lewis, is Nottingham's largest indoor market, the Victoria Centre Market, it sells a range of goods, including fresh food and fish. There are speciality stalls selling items such as books and haberdashery; the market is open from Monday to Saturday from 9:00 to 5:00 p.m. In 2008 it won the award for the Greenest Market in the Midlands from the National Market Traders Federation. Nottingham Victoria bus station List of shopping centres in the United Kingdom Nottingham City Centre Broadmarsh Official website