Minister of Justice (Japan)
The Minister of Justice is the member of the Cabinet of Japan in charge of the Ministry of Justice. Liberal Democratic Democratic
Panasonic Corporation known as Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. Ltd. is a Japanese multinational electronics corporation headquartered in Kadoma, Japan. The company was founded in 1918 as a producer of lightbulb sockets and has grown to become one of the largest Japanese electronics producers alongside Sony, Toshiba and Canon Inc. In addition to electronics, it offers non-electronic products and services such as home renovation services. Panasonic is the world's fourth-largest television manufacturer by 2012 market share. Panasonic has a primary listing on the Tokyo Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the Nikkei 225 and TOPIX indices, it has a secondary listing on the Nagoya Stock Exchange. From 1935 to October 1, 2008, the company name was "Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. Ltd." On January 10, 2008, the company announced that it would change its name to "Panasonic Corporation", in effect on October 1, 2008, to conform with its global brand name "Panasonic". The name change was approved at a shareholders' meeting on June 26, 2008 after consultation with the Matsushita family.
Panasonic was founded in 1918 by Kōnosuke Matsushita as a vendor of duplex lamp sockets. In the 1920's Matsushita began launching products. In 1927, he produced a line of bicycle lamps that were the first to be marketed with the "National" brand name. During World War II the company operated factories in Japan and other parts of Asia which produced electrical components and appliances such as light fixtures, electric irons, wireless equipment and its first vacuum tubes. After the war, Panasonic regrouped as a Keiretsu and began to supply the post-war boom in Japan with radios and appliances, as well as bicycles. Matsushita's brother-in-law, Toshio Iue, founded Sanyo as a subcontractor for components after World War II. Sanyo grew to become a competitor to Panasonic, but was acquired by Panasonic in December 2009. In 1961, Matsushita met American dealers; the company began producing television sets for the U. S. market under the Panasonic brand name, expanded the use of the brand to Europe in 1979.
The company used the National brand outside North America from the 1950s to the 1970s. The inability to use the National brand name led to the creation of the Panasonic brand in the United States. Over the next several decades Panasonic released additional products, including black and white TV's, electrical blenders, rice cookers, color TV's and microwave ovens; the company debuted a hi-fidelity audio speaker in Japan in 1965 with the brand Technics. This line of high quality stereo components became worldwide favorites, the most famous products being its turntables, such as the SL-1200 record player, known for its high performance and durability. Throughout the 1970s and early 1980s, Panasonic continued to produce high-quality specialized electronics for niche markets such as shortwave radios, developed its successful line of stereo receivers, CD players and other components. In 1973, Matsushita established "Anam National", joint venture with Anam Group in South Korea. In 1983, Matsushita launched the Panasonic Senior Partner, the first IBM PC compatible Japanese-made computer.
In November 1990, Matsushita agreed to acquire the American media company MCA Inc. for US$6.59 billion. Matsushita subsequently sold 80% of MCA to Seagram Company for US$7 billion in April 1995. In 1998, Matsushita sold Anam National to Anam Electronics. On May 2, 2002, Panasonic Canada marked its 35th anniversary in that country by giving $5 million to help build a "music city" on Toronto's waterfront. On January 19, 2006, Panasonic announced that it would stop producing analog televisions from the next month, in order to concentrate on digital televisions. In 2008, all models of electric shavers from the Panasonic factory were called Panasonic shavers, they dropped Matsushita and National from their name, regardless of worldwide or Japanese markets. On November 3, 2008, Panasonic and Sanyo announced that they were holding merger talks, which resulted in the acquisition of Sanyo by Panasonic; the merger was completed in December 2009, resulted in a corporation with revenues of over ¥11.2 trillion.
With the announcement that Pioneer would exit the production of its Kuro plasma HDTV displays, Panasonic purchased many of the patents and incorporated these technologies into its own plasma displays. In April 2011, it was announced that Panasonic would cut its work force by 40,000 by the end of fiscal 2012 in a bid to streamline overlapping operations; the curtailment is about 10 percent of its group work force. In October 2011, Panasonic announced that it would trim its money-losing TV business by ceasing production of Plasma TVs at its plant in Amagasaki, Hyogo Prefecture by March 2012, cutting 1,000 jobs in the process. In January 2012, Panasonic announced that it had struck a deal with Myspace on its new venture, Myspace TV. Myspace TV will allow users to watch live television while chatting with other users on a laptop, tablet or the television itself. With the partnership, Myspace TV will be integrated into Panasonic Viera televisions. On May 11, 2012, Panasonic announced plans to acquire a 76.2% stake in FirePro Systems, an India-based company in infrastructure protection and security solutions such as fire alarm, fire suppression, video surveillance and building management.
In line with company prediction of a net loss of 765 billion yen, on November 5, 2012, the shares fell to the lowest level since February 1975 to 388 yen. In 2012, the sh
The Asahi Shimbun is one of the five national newspapers in Japan. Its circulation, 7.96 million for its morning edition and 3.1 million for its evening edition as of June 2010, was second behind that of Yomiuri Shimbun. The company has its registered headquarters in Osaka. One of Japan's oldest and largest national daily newspapers, the Asahi Shimbun began publication in Osaka on 25 January 1879 as a small-print, four-page illustrated paper that sold for one sen a copy, had a circulation of 3,000 copies; the three founding officers of a staff of twenty were Kimura Noboru, Murayama Ryōhei, Tsuda Tei. The company's first premises were at Edobori in Osaka. On 13 September of the same year, Asahi printed its first editorial. In 1881, the Asahi adopted an all-news format, enlisted Ueno Riichi as co-owner. From 1882, Asahi began to receive financial support from the Government and Mitsui, hardened the management base. Under the leadership of Ueno, whose brother was one of the Mitsui managers, Murayama, the Asahi began its steady ascent to national prominence.
On 10 July 1888, the first issue of the Tokyo Asahi Shimbun was published from the Tokyo office at Motosukiyachō, Kyōbashi. The first issue was numbered No. 1,076 as it was a continuation of three small papers: Jiyū no Tomoshibi, Tomoshibi Shimbun and Mesamashi Shimbun. On 1 April 1907, the renowned writer Natsume Sōseki 41, resigned his teaching positions at Tokyo Imperial University, now Tokyo University, to join the Tokyo Asahi Shimbun; this was soon after the publication of his novels Wagahai wa Neko de Aru and Botchan, which made him the center of literary attention. On 1 October 1908, Osaka Asahi Shimbun and Tokyo Asahi Shimbun were merged into a single unified corporation, Asahi Shimbun Gōshi Kaisha, with a capitalization of 600,000 yen. In 1918, because of its critical stance towards Terauchi Masatake's cabinet during the Rice Riots, government authorities suppressed an article in the Osaka Asahi, leading to a softening of its liberal views, the resignation of many of its staff reporters in protest.
Indeed, the newspaper's liberal position led to its vandalization during the February 26 Incident of 1936, as well as repeated attacks from the right wing throughout this period. From the latter half of the 1930s, Asahi ardently supported Prime Minister Fumimaro Konoe's wartime government and criticized capitalism harshly under Taketora Ogata, the Editor in Chief of Asahi Shimbun. Influential editorial writers of Asahi such as Shintarō Ryū, Hiroo Sassa, Hotsumi Ozaki were the center members of the Shōwa Kenkyūkai, a political think tank for Konoe. Ogata was one of the leading members of the Genyōsha, formed in 1881 by Tōyama Mitsuru; the Genyōsha was an ultranationalist group of organized crime figures and those with far right-wing political beliefs. Kōki Hirota, hanged as a Class A war criminal, was a leading member of the Genyōsha and one of Ogata's best friends. Hirota was the chairman of Tōyama's funeral committee, Ogata was the vice-chairman. Ryū, a Marxist economist of the Ōhara Institute for Social Research before he entered Asahi, advocated centrally planned economies in his Nihon Keizai no Saihensei.
And Sassa, a son of ultranationalistic politician Sassa Tomofusa, joined hands with far-right generals and terrorists who had assassinated Junnosuke Inoue, Baron Dan Takuma and Prime Minister Inukai Tsuyoshi to support Konoe. In 1944, they attempted assassination of Prime Minister Hideki Tōjō. On 9 April 1937 the Kamikaze, a Mitsubishi aircraft sponsored by the Asahi Shimbun company and flown by Masaaki Iinuma, arrived in London, to the astonishment of the Western world, it was the first Japanese-built aircraft to fly to Europe. On 1 September 1940, the Osaka Asahi Shimbun and the Tokyo Asahi Shimbun unified their names into the Asahi Shimbun. On 1 January 1943, the publication of the Asahi Shimbun was stopped by the government after the newspaper published a critical essay contributed by Seigō Nakano, one of the leading members of the Genyōsha and Ogata's best friend. On 27 December 1943, Nagataka Murayama, a son-in-law of Murayama Ryōhei and the President of Asahi, removed Ogata from the Editor in Chief and relegated him to the Vice President to hold absolute power in Asahi.
On 22 July 1944, Vice President of Asahi, became a Minister without Portfolio and the President of Cabinet Intelligence Agency in Kuniaki Koiso's cabinet. On 7 April 1945, Hiroshi Shimomura, former Vice President of Asahi, became the Minister without Portfolio and the President of Cabinet Intelligence Agency in Kantarō Suzuki's cabinet. On 17 August 1945, Ogata became the Minister without Portfolio and the Chief Cabinet Secretary and the President of Cabinet Intelligence Agency in Prince Higashikuni's cabinet. On 5 November 1945, as a way of assuming responsibility for compromising the newspaper's principles during the war, the Asahi Shimbun's president and senior executives resigned en masse. On 21 November 1946, the newspaper adopted the modern kana usage system. On 30 November 1949, the Asahi Shimbun started to publish the serialized cartoon strip Sazae-san by Machiko Hasegawa; this was a la
Kōki Chūma is a Japanese politician serving in the House of Representatives in the Diet as a member of the Liberal Democratic Party. A native of Osaka and graduate of the University of Tokyo he was elected for the first time in 1976 as a member of the now-defunct party New Liberal Club, his father is former mayor of Osaka. 政治家情報 〜中馬 弘毅〜. ザ･選挙. JANJAN. Retrieved 2007-10-06. Official website
Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism
The Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Tourism, abbreviated MLIT, is a ministry of the Japanese government. It is responsible for one-third of all the laws and orders in Japan, is the largest Japanese ministry in terms of employees, as well as the second-largest executive agency of the Japanese government after the Ministry of Defense; the ministry oversees four external agencies including the Japan Coast Guard and the Japan Tourism Agency. MLIT was established as part of the administrative reforms of January 6, 2001, which merged the Ministry of Transport, the Ministry of Construction, the Hokkaido Development Agency, the National Land Agency. Before the ministry renamed itself on January 8, 2008, the ministry's English name was "Ministry of Land and Transport". After a fatal bus accident on April 29, 2012 where a bus bound for Tokyo Disneyland crashed into a wall on the Kanetsu Expressway in Gunma Prefecture killing seven and injuring 39 others, the ministry launched an investigation into highway bus companies.
From May to June 2012, it carried out inspections and found that 250 of 298 companies violated the Road Transportation Law, with 48 companies breaching it and one lending its name to another company. Twenty-two companies broke the law by hiring drivers on a daily basis. Among them, 15 companies hired more than one driver this way, which the ministry considered a "serious violation." The largest number of drivers hired by a company in this fashion was eight. 192 companies were found to have broken the law by ignoring the maximum nine hours of work a day for drivers. It found 118 companies did not give proper instructions and supervision to drivers, including the provision of safety education. Forty-eight companies did not perform roll call before their drivers started work, which should include an alcohol breath test; the ministry considered some of these violations as serious depending on their extent. "We would like to provide thorough instructions to the bus companies about their safety management," an official of the ministry's Road Transport Bureau said.
The ministry was considering whether to punish the violators and publish the inspection results of bus companies that are organizing tours this summer on its website. New safety measures, due to come into effect as early as July 2012 prohibited travel agencies from brokering bus tours to third parties. In the April 29 crash, two companies acted as brokers between the tour organizer and the bus operator. MLIT is organized into the following bureaus: Minister's Secretariat Policy Bureau National and Regional Policy Bureau Land Economy and Construction and Engineering Industry Bureau City Bureau Water and Disaster Management Bureau Road Bureau Housing Bureau Railway Bureau Road Transport Bureau Maritime Bureau Ports and Harbours Bureau Civil Aviation Bureau Hokkaido Bureau Director-General for Policy Planning Director-General for International Affairs Japan Transport Safety Board Japan Tourism Agency Japan Meteorological Agency Japan Coast Guard National Institute for Sea Training Official website Official website Ministry of Transport at the Wayback Machine
Takafumi Horie is a Japanese entrepreneur who founded Livedoor, a website design operation that grew into a popular internet portal. After being arrested and charged with securities fraud in 2006, he severed all connections with the company, his trial began on September 4, 2006. On March 16, 2007, Horie was sentenced to imprisonment of 6 months, he is popularly known as Horiemon due to his resemblance to Doraemon, the chubby robot cat in a popular Japanese cartoon. The name Horiemon was given to a racehorse he owned, after the name had been chosen by voting on a Livedoor website. Horie was born in Yame, Fukuoka Prefecture and was raised in a respected household by a corporate father and mother from a farming landlord family, he was a student at the department of literature at the University of Tokyo and was going to major in religion, but dropped out after establishing a company called Livin' on the Edge in 1995 with friends and classmates, which became the precursor to Livedoor. In 2004, Horie tried to buy the Kintetsu Buffaloes baseball team.
The team rejected the offer. Horie was criticized by conservative business circles in Japan for his unconventional manner – everything from his informal attire to the practice of corporate expansion through hostile takeover. In a country where neckties are the norm for businessmen, he was seen wearing t-shirts or unbuttoned collared shirts. While the media demonized him for his challenge of the status quo, it capitalized on the entertainment he offered with his non-conformist attitude. Horie bought a large number of shares in Fuji Television and attempted a hostile takeover in 2005. Since Japan had few laws governing defensive tactics by takeover targets, a compromise was arranged in which he was made a joint director of Fuji Television. Laws on M&A were hastily introduced thereafter in the country, modeled on the regulations in the United States. In 2005, Horie founded Interstellar Technologies rocket company. Horie unveiled a plan for space tourism at the 56th International Astronautical Congress in Fukuoka in 2005.
The spacecraft he planned to develop was based on the design of the Russian TKS spacecraft. Horie said that he planned to invest in space development and that he wanted to launch a manned rocket within five years; the project was called "Japan Space Dream – A Takafumi Horie Project". Horie announced on August 19, 2005, that he would run in the snap 2005 general election as an independent in the Hiroshima sixth district, he contemplated running as an official LDP candidate against LDP rebel Shizuka Kamei, but chose instead to run as an independent, while keeping the support of the LDP leadership. He returned to Tokyo to continue his business career. Kamei won the election in a rather close count of 110,979 to 84,433. Japanese prosecutors raided the offices of Livedoor and Horie's home in January 2006 on suspicion of securities fraud; the government cited several instances of apparent market manipulation, including a Livedoor subsidiary announcing it would acquire a company that it controlled, using misleading investment partnership accounting and artificially inflating the value of Livedoor stock through stock splits to fund acquisitions.
There were rumors that Livedoor was involved in money laundering for the yakuza or for politicians, as the company had been found to have moved large sums of money into fictitiously-named Swiss bank accounts. The veracity of the suspicions aside, many smelled conspiracy given the timing of the action, it was seen as a political move by defenders of the status quo to punish Horie for daring to challenge them, to discredit him and the business practices he had come to represent, which Horie's opponents considered distasteful and "un-Japanese". Livedoor's share price fell 14.4 percent in one day, with sell orders so numerous that trading volume prompted the Tokyo Stock Exchange to close 20 minutes early for the first time in its history. The Nikkei index lost its largest drop in nearly two years. Horie's net worth was estimated to have fallen from $1.3 billion in December 2005 to $280 million in June 2006. Horie was arrested by Tokyo district public prosecutors on January 23, on January 24, he announced his resignation as CEO.
On April 27, 2006, he was released on ¥300 million bail on the condition that he refrain from any contact with Livedoor or its employees. Horie said. Though indicted on charges of fabricating financial reports and spreading false information to investors, he continued to assert his innocence, his trial for securities fraud began on September 4, 2006. Prosecutors sought a four-year prison sentence for Horie. In March 2007, he was found guilty of falsifying the company's accounts and misleading investors and was sentenced to 2 years and 6 months imprisonment, he appealed the punishment. Horie maintained a digital newsletter from his prison cell and communicated with the outside world though staffers who posted to Twitter on his behalf, he lost more than 60 pounds while in prison. He was released on parole in March 2013 after 21 months behind bars. Horie now promotes his own portfolio of businesses through his company, SNS, he showcases other people's big ideas through his large social media network, his website horiemon.com.
Junichiro Koizumi is a Japanese politician, the 56th Prime Minister of Japan from 2001 to 2006. He retired from politics when his term in parliament ended in 2009, is the sixth longest serving PM in Japanese history. Seen as a maverick leader of the Liberal Democratic Party, he became known as an economic reformer, focusing on Japan's government debt and the privatization of its postal service. In 2005, Koizumi led the LDP to win one of the largest parliamentary majorities in modern Japanese history. Koizumi attracted international attention through his deployment of the Japan Self-Defense Forces to Iraq, through his visits to Yasukuni Shrine that fueled diplomatic tensions with neighboring China and South Korea, he is a member of the Nippon Kaigi nationalist organization. Although Koizumi maintained a low profile for several years after he leaving office, he returned to national attention in 2013 as an advocate for abandoning nuclear power in Japan, in the wake of March 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster, which contrasted with the pro-nuclear views espoused by the LDP governments both during and after Koizumi's term in office.
Koizumi is a third-generation politician of the Koizumi family. His father, Jun'ya Koizumi, was director general of the Japan Defense Agency and a member of the House of Representatives, his grandfather, Koizumi Matajirō, called "Tattoo Minister" because of the big tattoo on his body, the leader of Koizumi Gumi in Kanagawa, was Minister of Posts and Telecommunications under Prime Ministers Hamaguchi and Wakatsuki and an early advocate of postal privatization. Born in Yokosuka, Kanagawa on January 8, 1942, Koizumi was educated at Yokosuka High School, he graduated with a Bachelor of Economics degree from Keio University. He attended University College London before returning to Japan in August 1969 upon the death of his father, he stood for election to the lower house in December. In 1970, he was hired as a secretary to Takeo Fukuda, Minister of Finance at the time and was elected as Prime Minister in 1976. In the general elections of December 1972, Koizumi was elected as a member of the Lower House for the Kanagawa 11th district.
He joined Fukuda's faction within the LDP. Since he has been re-elected ten times. Koizumi gained his first senior post in 1979 as Parliamentary Vice Minister of Finance, his first ministerial post in 1988 as Minister of Health and Welfare under Prime Minister Noboru Takeshita, he held cabinet posts again in 1992 and 1996–1998. In 1994, with the LDP in opposition, Koizumi became part of a new LDP faction, made up of younger and more motivated parliamentarians led by Taku Yamasaki, Koichi Kato and Koizumi, a group popularly dubbed "YKK" after the zipper manufacturer YKK. After Prime Minister Morihiro Hosokawa resigned in 1994 and the LDP returned to power in a coalition government and Hosokawa teamed up with Shusei Tanaka of New Party Sakigake in a strategic dialogue across party lines regarding Japan becoming a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Although this idea was not popular within the LDP and never came to fruition and Hosokawa maintained a close working relationship across party lines, with Hosokawa tacitly serving as Koizumi's personal envoy to China during times of strained Sino-Japanese relations.
Koizumi competed for the presidency of the LDP in September 1995 and July 1998, but he gained little support losing decisively to Ryutaro Hashimoto and Keizō Obuchi, both of whom had broader bases of support within the party. However, after Yamasaki and Kato were humiliated in a disastrous attempt to force a vote of no confidence against Prime Minister Yoshirō Mori in 2000, Koizumi became the last remaining credible member of the YKK trio, which gave him leverage over the reform-minded wing of the party. On April 24, 2001, Koizumi was elected president of the LDP, he was considered an outside candidate against Hashimoto, running for his second term as Prime Minister. However, in the first poll of prefectural party organizations, Koizumi won 87 to 11 percent, he defeated Hashimoto by a final tally of 298 to 155 votes. He was made Prime Minister of Japan on April 26, his coalition secured 78 of 121 seats in the Upper House elections in July. Within Japan, Koizumi pushed for new ways to revitalise the moribund economy, aiming to act against bad debts with commercial banks, privatize the postal savings system, reorganize the factional structure of the LDP.
He spoke of the need for a period of painful restructuring. See "Honebuto Hoshin". In the fall of 2002, Koizumi appointed Keio University economist and frequent television commentator Heizō Takenaka as Minister of State for Financial Services and head of the Financial Services Agency to fix the country's banking crisis. Bad debts of banks were cut with the NPL ratio of major banks approaching half the level of 2001; the Japanese economy has been through a slow but steady recovery, the stock market has rebounded. The GDP growth for 2004 was one of the highest among G7 nations, according to the International Monetary Fund and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Takenaka was appointed as a Postal Reform Minister in 2004 for the privatization of Japan Post, operator of the country's Postal Savings system. Koizumi moved the LDP away from its traditional rural agrarian base