Joachim Cronman

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Joachim Cronman
COA family sv Cronman.svg
Born
Joakim Cronman

circa 1630–1640
Died(1703-03-05)March 5, 1703
NationalitySwedish
EducationUniversity of Tartu
OccupationSoldier
Spouse(s)
Lunetta Makeléer
(m. 1657; her death 1693)
ChildrenJohan Cronman
Parent(s)Hans Detterman Cronman (1590–aft.1645)
Ursula Kordes (1600–1675)
RelativesFritz Cronman, brother
John Hans Makeléer, father-in-law
Joachim von Rohr, grandson
Military career
AllegianceSweden Swedish Empire
Years of servicec1680-1703
RankColonel
Commandant of the Neumünde redoubt/fortlet (skans in Swedish)

Joachim Cronman (c.1640 – March 5, 1703) was an owner of estates in Livonia and a colonel for the Swedish Empire.[1][2][3] He was the Commandant of the Neumünde redoubt/fortlet (skans in Swedish).[4][5][6][7]

Biography[edit]

Joachim Cronman was the son of Hans Detterman Cronman (1590–c1645) and was born around 1640.

Hans was the war commissar for the Swedish Empire. Hans had been knighted as Lord Cronman by Christina, Queen of Sweden on March 9, 1638,[6] he became Lord of Alatskivi Castle in Swedish Livonia in 1642.[8]

Joachim's mother was Ursula Kordes (1600–1675), and she was the daughter of Joakim Kordes and Ursula Gantschau,[6][9] his brother was Fritz Cronman and his sisters were Elisabeth Cronmann who married captain Johann Schulmann, landlord of Nova-Bura in Ingria;[10] and Anna Catharina Cronman I (1620–1685) who married Frans von Knorring (1626–1694).[5][11][12][13]

Joachim Cronman attended the University of Tartu,[14] he married Lunetta Makeléer (1639–1693) on August 9, 1657 in Göteborg, Sweden.[15] Lunetta was the daughter of Hans Makeléer, 1st Baronet who was the Lord of Gåsevadholm, and Hageby in Sweden.[16]

Together, Cronman and his wife had the following children:

Cronman became a colonel on January 23, 1679,[20] he was later stationed at the Narva fortress.[21] On March 10, 1685 he was assigned to the Savolaks and Nyslott regiment,[3][12][22] he later served as commandant of the Neumünde fortress.[4][12] He died on March 5, 1703 at Neumünde.[5][12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Finnish Historical Society. Historiallinen aikakauskirja (in Finnish). ...
  2. ^ Martti Ruuth (1990). Savon Historia (in Finnish). ISBN 951-696-935-6. Rykmentin paallysto koostui suurelta osin Cronmanin rykmentin upseereista ja aliupseereista, mutta osa tuli Muualtakin. Eversti Joachim von Cronman itse ...
  3. ^ a b Veijo Saloheimo. Savon Historia (in Finnish). .
  4. ^ a b Leonhard von Stryk (1877). Beiträge zur Geschichte der Rittergüter Livlands (in German). p. 72. ... Joachim Cronmann ... und Commandant von Dünamünde ...
  5. ^ a b c d e Gabriel Anrep (1858). Svenska adelns ättar-taflor (in Swedish). Joachim Cronman son af Hans Detterman Nobil Cronman ... Kommendant pâ Neumünde skantz ...
  6. ^ a b c Gustaf Elgenstierna (1925). Adelns Ättartavlor Med Tillägg Och Rättelser (in Swedish). p. 100.
  7. ^ Nils William Olsson (1997). "Swedish American Genealogist". Cronman, Joakim, colonel and commandant (kommendant) of Neumuende redoubt/fortlet (skans), Livonia; d. 5 March 1702/03; m. Goteborg 9 August 1657 Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  8. ^ Genealogisches Handbuch der baltischen Ritterschaften, Teil 2 Estland, Bd. 3, Görlitz, 1930, s.19
  9. ^ Gabriel Anrep lists his siblings as: Johan Detterman Cronman (1618–?); Vilhelm Cronman (c.1617–1656); Anna Catharine Cronman I (1620–?) who married Colonel Frans von Knorring (1626–1694); Christina Cronman (c1625–1687) who married Joakim George Fredrick von Rohr (c1625–1687) and he died in the Battle of Narva; Elisabeth Cronman (1630–1687); and Fritz Cronman (c1640–?) who was a diplomat.
  10. ^ Genealogisches Handbuch der baltischen Ritterschaften. Elisabeth Cronmann married captain Johann Schulmann, landlord of Nova-Bura in Ingria
  11. ^ a b Gabriel Anrep incorrectly lists Anna Catharina Cronman I (1620–?) as the wife of Hans Christoffer von Rohr I (1626–1700) because they are the same age. She would be the sister of Joachim Cronman. Gustaf Elgenstierna corrected the Anrep genealogy around 1925, he has an Anna Catharina Cronman II (c1660–1661) who died young, and Anna Catharina Cronman III as the wife of Hans Christoffer von Rohr I (1626–1700). This makes her the daughter of Joachim Cronman, which puts her at the proper age for bearing the children of von Rohr. Hans would be about 30 years older than her; this error has been repeated in many online genealogies.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g Adam Lewenhaupt. Karl XII's officerare: Biografiska anteckningar (in Swedish). Överste for ett varvat regiment i Ingermanland 1679 January 23; överste för Savolax och Nyslotts lans infanteriregemente 1685 March 10; tillika kommendant pâ Neumünde skans; död 1703 March 5 in Neumünde. Gift 1659 m. Lunetta Makeleer, dotter av Radmannen Hans M. och Anna Gubbertz. (A 2. Krafl.)
  13. ^ a b c August Theodor Låstbom. Swea och Götha höfdinga-minne sedan 1720 (in Swedish). Joachim von Rohr. Född 23 January 1678. Kom i tienst wid Fortificationen 1694. Mousqueterare och Piquenerare wid Lifgardet 1696. Fänrik wir Ofwerste Pistolkors,s Vataillon 19 Aug. 1699. Lieutenant wid Grefwe Otto Wellingks Regemente 6 Der. 1700. Regements-Quartermästare 27 Febr. 1705. Capitaine wid samma, dä Ofwerste Henr. Hastfehrs Regemente 1708. Gjorde Stads-Majors-tjenst under Wiborgs belägr ng 1710. Fängen derstädcs och förd till Siberien s. ä. Aterkom 1722. Ofwerste - Lieutenants n. h. o. w. 29 August 1723. Commandant pä Dalarö 23 Jan. 1743. R. S. O. 7 Nov. 1748. Erhöll pä begäran afstcd 29 Aug. 1754. Död 9 September 1757. Son af Capitainen Hans Christopher von Rohr och dess första fru Anna Catharina Cronman, dotter af Ofwersten och Commendanten Joachim Cronman. Gift med Charlotta Klingenberg, dotter af Majoren Johan Klingenberg och Elisabeth Wellingks. Translation of last two sentences: Son of Captain Hans Christopher Von Rohr and his first wife Anna Catherina Cronman, daughter of Officer and Commander Joachim Cronman. Married to Charlotta Klingenberg, daughter of Major Johan Klingenberg and Elisabeth Wellingks.
  14. ^ Arvo Tering. Album Academicum der Universität Dorpat (Tartu), 1632–1710.
  15. ^ Alexia Grosjean and Steve Murdoch (2005). Scottish communities abroad in the early modern period. Lunetta married Colonel Joachim Cronman in 1657, while Elsa Beata married Major Marten Christensson till ...
  16. ^ Bruce Duncan (1998). The Mark of the Scots: Their Astonishing Contributions to History, Science. ISBN 0-8065-2060-4. One of the first to arrive was John Maclean, one of the principle builders of the city, who made himself a large fortune in the process. He was ennobled by Queen Christiana in 1649 under the name Makeleer and was royal banker to the queen, his son, also John, was president of the Göteburg Court of Justice
  17. ^ Oskar Wasastjerna (1879). Ättar-taflor öfver den på Finlands riddarhus introducerade adeln (in Swedish). ...
  18. ^ "Owners of the Jõesse manor in Martna Parish". Retrieved 2010-07-02. Arend Wilhelm, Wilhelm Joachim von Rehbinderi p (+1796) are the heirs of his widow Margarethe Helene, Charles T von Rehbinder (born von Marquard), and two sons. Waives the right of the widow of her husband's legacy. Ratsaväekapten can Jõesse Fromhold von Rehbinder. Price 30 000 silver rubles
  19. ^ Genealogisches Handbuch der baltischen Ritterschaften (Genealogical Handbook of Baltic Knights) (in German). 1930.
  20. ^ "Arméns rulla 1684". Retrieved 2009-10-10. Öfwersten Jochim von Cronman, efter kongl. fullmacht ... 23 Jan. 1679
  21. ^ Ulla Birgegård (translator and editor) (2002). J.G. Sparwenfeld's diary of a journey to Russia 1684-87. ISBN 91-554-2444-9. ... Joakim Cronman (d. 1703), colonel with the garrison regiment of Narva 1679, colonel with the Savolaks and Nyslott provincial regiment 1683, commandant at Neumünde fortlet (Gustaf Elgenstierna 1936 page 100)
  22. ^ "Hobin" (in Finnish). Retrieved 2009-11-01. Suvun toistaiseksi vanhin tunnettu jäsen on Anders Hobin, joka 1692 mainitaan katselmuskirjurina eversti Joakim Cronmanin rykmentissä (Savon ja Savonlinnan läänin jalkaväkirykmentissä) kapteeni Gyllenspångin komppaniassa. Lappeenrannan henkikirjassa vuodelta 1697 tuossa pienessä itäsuomalaisessa kaupungissa mainitaan asuvaksi mm. katselmuskirjuri Hobinin vaimo.
  23. ^ Jämten; Heimbygdas Arsbok. 1963. 1724-1728 Anders Örbom. Född i Örebro 1675. Kom i tjänst 1691. ...

External links[edit]