Joachimsthal is a small town in the district of Barnim, in Brandenburg, Germany. It is situated within the Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve on the isthmus between the lakes Grimnitzsee in the north and Werbellinsee in the south, about 17 km northwest of the district's capital Eberswalde and 55 km northeast of the Berlin city centre; the municipality is the administrative seat of the Amt Joachimsthal. Joachimsthal was founded in 1601 by Elector Joachim III Frederick of Brandenburg at the foot of medieval Grimnitz Castle and received town privileges in 1604; the Elector had a glass foundry erected and in 1607 established a boarding school, the Joachimsthalsches Gymnasium, relocated to Berlin after its devastation in 1636 during the Thirty Years' War. After a blaze in 1814, the church and several houses were rebuilt according to plans by Karl Friedrich Schinkel. King Frederick William IV of Prussia had the Hubertusstock hunting lodge erected on the western shore of the Werbellinsee in 1849.
In changing times, Hubertusstock served as a pleasure ground for men in power: The German Emperors from the House of Hohenzollern indulged in huntsmanship, as did the Presidents of the Weimar Republic, Friedrich Ebert and Paul von Hindenburg. In 1944 Adolf Hitler gave the lodge to Obergruppenführer Hans Lammers and in 1973 it was rebuilt as a vacation home for General Secretary Erich Honecker. Golczewo, Poland Grimnitzsee Werbellinsee Franz Ernst Neumann, physicist The first hinorary citizen was S. K. Thoden van Velzen, who worked as a doctor in the city. In the last days of the Second World War, he prevented the destruction of the city, with a white flag of the approaching Red Army. Friedrich Brunold, Brandenburg writer, died in Joachimsthal Media related to Joachimsthal at Wikimedia Commons
Georg Joachimsthal was a German orthopedist, native of Stargard in Pommern. In 1887 he earned his medical doctorate from Friedrich Wilhelm University with a dissertation on scoliosis titled Zur Pathologie und Therapie der Skoliose, afterwards remained in Berlin as an assistant to Julius Wolff, he received his habilitation in 1898, two years founded a private clinic. In 1908 he became an associate professor and director of the orthopedic university polyclinic in Berlin. In Berlin, Joachimsthal performed important experimental studies involving the physiological effects of orthopedic procedures, he was a founding member of the Deutschen Orthopädischen Gesellschaft, in 1910 founded the Berlin Orthopedic Society. In 1905 he published a regarded textbook on orthopedic surgery called Handbuch der Orthopädischen Chirurgie. In 1907 became an editor of the Zeitschrift für Orthopädische Chirurgie. Catalog of scientific collections of the Humboldt University of Berlin The American Journal of Orthopedic Surgery
Jáchymov, until 1945 known by its German name of Sankt Joachimsthal or Joachimsthal is a spa town in the Karlovy Vary Region of Bohemia, now part of the Czech Republic. It is situated at an altitude of 733 m above sea level in the eponymous St. Joachim's valley in the Ore Mountains, close to the Czech border with Germany; the town was German-speaking until the end of the Second World War. In 1938, it was annexed by Germany as part of the Sudetenland; the German-speaking population was replaced by Czech-speaking settlers. The silver Joachimsthaler coins minted there since the 16th century became known in German as Thaler for short, which via the Dutch daalder or daler is the origin of the English word "dollar". At the beginning of the 16th century, silver was found in the area of Joachimsthal; the village of Joachimsthal was founded in 1516 in place of the former abandoned village of Konradsgrun in order to facilitate the exploitation of this valuable resource. The silver caused the population to grow and made the Counts von Schlick, whose possessions included the town, one of the richest noble families in Bohemia.
The Schlicks had coins minted. They gave their name to the dollar; the fame of Joachimsthal for its ore mining and smelting works attracted the scientific attention of the doctor Georg Bauer in the late 1520s, who based his pioneering metallurgical studies on his observations made here. In 1523, the Protestant Reformation began. In the Schmalkaldic War Joachimsthal was occupied for a time by Saxon troops; when in 1621 the Counter-reformation and re-Catholicisation took effect in the town, many Protestant citizens and people from the mountains migrated to nearby Saxony. Until 1918, the town was in the Austrian part of the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary, head of the district with the same name, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia. In the 19th century the town was the location of a Court, of an administrative office responsible for mines and iron production. Mining was still significant in this period, it was run by state-owned and by owned firms. In addition to silver ore, nickel and uranium ore were extracted.
There were other industries: an enormous tobacco factory employed 1,000 women. In addition, there was the manufacture of corks and of bobbin lace. On 31 March 1873 the town entirely burnt down. At the end of the 19th century, Marie Curie discovered, in tons of pitchblende ore containing uraninite from Joachimsthal, the element radium, for which she won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry; until the First World War this was the foremost source of radium in the world. The first radon spa in the world was founded in Joachimsthal in 1906, joining the famous spas of the region, including Karlsbad and Marienbad. In 1929, Dr Löwy of Prague established that "mysterious emanations" in the mine led to a form of cancer. Ventilation and watering measures were introduced, miners were given higher pay and longer vacations, but death rates remained high. In 1938, it was annexed by Germany as one of the municipalities in Sudetenland; the German-speaking population was replaced by Czech settlers. After the Communist party took control of Czechoslovakia in 1948, large prison camps were established in the town and around it.
Opponents of the new regime were forced to mine uranium ore under harsh conditions: the average life expectancy in Jáchymov at this period was 42 years. Uranium mining ceased in 1964; the radioactive thermal springs which arise in the former uranium mine are used under the supervision of doctors for the treatment of patients with nervous and rheumatic disorders. They make use of the produced radioactive gas radon dissolved in the water, see Radon therapy. Not far from here, at the foot of the Plešivec, there once stood the Capuchin monastery Mariasorg. From the valley of the Veseřice a chairlift goes to the highest peak in the Ore Mountains, the 1244 m high Klínovec. Georgius Agricola, town doctor and chemist, the "Father of Mineralogy" Johannes Mathesius, from 1532 Rector of the Latin School and since 1542 "mine preacher" Samuel Fischer, professor and Superintendent Media related to Jáchymov at Wikimedia Commons Official website Historical photographs Historical photographs