Spanish naming customs
Spanish naming customs are historical traditions for naming children practised in Spain. According to these customs, a persons name consists of a name followed by two family names. The first surname is usually the fathers first surname, and the second the mothers first surname, in recent years, the order of the surnames can be reversed at birth if it is so decided by the parents. Currently in Spain, people bear a single or composite given name, a composite given name comprises two single names, for example Juan Pablo is considered not to be a first and a second forename, but a single composite forename. The two surnames refer to each of the parental families, traditionally, a persons first surname is the fathers first surname, and the second one is the mothers first surname. From 2013, if the parents of a child are unable to agree on order of surnames, the law also grants a person the option, upon reaching adulthood, of reversing the order of their surnames. Each surname can also be composite, the parts usually linked by the y or e. For example, a name might be Juan Pablo Fernández de Calderón García-Iglesias, consisting of a forename, a paternal surname. There are times when it is impossible, by inspection of a name, for example, the writer Sebastià Juan Arbó was alphabetised by the Library of Congress for many years under Arbó, assuming that Sebastiá and Juan were both given names. However, Juan was actually his first surname, to resolve questions like this, which typically involve very common names, one must consult the person involved, or legal documents. A man named José Antonio Gómez Iglesias would normally be addressed as either señor Gómez or señor Gómez Iglesias instead of señor Iglesias, because Gómez is his first surname. Furthermore, Mr. Gómez might be addressed as José Antonio, José, Pepe, Antonio, or Toño Jose, Joselito, Josito, Joselillo, Josico or Joselín, Antoñito, Tonín or Nono. Very formally, he could be addressed with an honorific as don José Antonio or don José, colombian writer Gabriel García Márquez is sometimes incorrectly referred to in English media as Mr. Márquez, when it should be Mr. García Márquez or, simply, Mr. García. It is not unusual, when the first surname is very common, for example, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero is often called simply Zapatero, the name he inherited from his mothers family, since Rodríguez is a common surname and may be ambiguous. The same occurs with another former Spanish Socialist leader, Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba, with the poet and dramatist Federico García Lorca, as these peoples paternal names are very common, they are often called with their maternal names. It would nonetheless be a mistake to index José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero under Z as Zapatero, a practical option to spare an explanation is using a single surname composed of two separate words. Parents choose their childs name, which must be recorded in the Registro Civil to establish his or her legal identity. With few restrictions, parents can now choose any name, common sources of names are the parents taste, honouring a relative, the General Roman Calendar nomina, legislation in Spain under Franco legally limited cultural naming customs to only Christian and typical Spanish names
A midfielder is an association football position. Midfielders are generally positioned on the field between their teams defenders and forwards, some midfielders play a disciplined defensive role, breaking up attacks, and are otherwise known as defensive midfielders. Others blur the boundaries, being mobile and efficient in passing, they are commonly referred to as deep-lying midfielders, play-makers, box-to-box. The number of midfielders on a team and their assigned roles depends on the teams formation, most managers assign at least one midfielder to disrupt the opposing teams attacks, while others may be tasked with creating goals, or have equal responsibilities between attack and defence. Midfielders are the players who typically travel the greatest distance during a match, central or centre midfielders are players whose role is divided roughly equally between attack and defence. When the opposing team has the ball, a midfielder may drop back to protect the goal or move forward. The 4–3–3 and 4–5–1 formations each use three central midfielders, the 4−4−2 formation may use two central midfielders, and in the 4–2–3–1 formation one of the two deeper midfielders may be a central midfielder. The term box-to-box midfielder refers to central midfielders who have abilities and are skilled at both defending and attacking. These players can track back to their own box to make tackles and block shots. A good box-to-box midfielder needs good passing, vision, control, stamina, tackling and marking in defence, left and right midfielders have a role balanced between attack and defence, similar to that of central midfielders, but they are positioned closer to the touchlines of the pitch. They may be asked to cross the ball into the penalty area to make scoring chances for their teammates. Common modern formations that include left and right midfielders are the 4−4−2, the 4−4−1−1, the 4–2–3–1, a notable example of a right midfielder is David Beckham. Defensive midfielders are players who focus on protecting their teams goal. These players may defend a zone in front of their teams defence, defensive midfielders may also move to the full-back or centre-back positions if those players move forward to join in an attack. Sergio Busquets described his attitude, The coach knows that I am an obedient player who likes to help out and if I have to run to the wing to cover someones position, great. A good defensive midfielder needs good positional awareness, anticipation of play, marking, tackling, interceptions, passing and great stamina. A holding or deep-lying midfielder stays close to their teams defence, a player in this role will try to protect their goal by disrupting the opponents attacking moves and stopping long shots on the goal. The holding midfielder may also have responsibilities when their team has the ball and this player will make mostly short and simple passes to more attacking members of their team but may try some more difficult passes depending on the teams strategy
Guayaquil City F.C.
Club Deportivo River Ecuador is a Ecuadorian professional football club based in Guayaquil. They currently play in the countrys first-level football league—the Serie A—after gaining promotion from the segunda-level Primera Categoria and they were affiliated with River Plate of Buenos Aires. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Kléber Fajardo Guillermo Sanguinetti Official website
C.S.D. Independiente del Valle
Club de Alto Rendimiento Especializado Independiente del Valle, known simply as Independiente del Valle or Independiente, is a football club based in Sangolquí, Ecuador. It was founded on March 1,1958 and is participating in the Serie A. In the 2013 season Independiente was runner-up of the Serie A and reached the final of the 2016 Copa Libertadores after defeating River Plate, Pumas UNAM and Boca Juniors. In 1977, two years after the death of José Terán, the name was changed to Independiente José Terán in honor of its founder. The name and initial club colors were inspired by the Club Atlético Independiente, in 1995 the club achieved the Segunda Categoría for the second time. In the 2006 season, staying in the category, the club changed its trade name to Independiente del Valle. The club achieved the Ecuadorian Serie A, for the first time in the 2010 season, on the 2016 season, Independiente del Valle reached the final of the 2016 Copa Libertadores. Independiente had previously defeated Copa Libertadores defending champions, Argentinas River Plate in the round of 16 with a 2–1 in the agreggate, in the quarter-finals defeated Pumas UNAM in the penalty shoot-out. The aggregate score was 3–3 but Independiente won on penalties 5–3, the club subsequently face Argentinas giant Boca Juniors in the semi-final in July defeating Boca Juniors 5–3 on the aggregate. In the finals first leg in Quito, Independiente drew 1–1 against Colombias Atlético Nacional, independientes fairy tale story came to an conclusion after a 1–0 loss in the second leg with the series ending 2–1 favouring the Colombians. The Rumiñahui Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium and it is located between the streets Gonzales Suarez and Eloy Alfaro in the city of Sangolquí. It was inaugurated on 30 May 1941 and it is used mainly for playing football and it has capacity for 7,233 spectators and for international tournaments the club use the Estadio Olímpico Atahualpa in Quito with a capacity of 38,500 spectators. The stadium plays an important role in football, as also sangolquileños clubs like Clan Juvenil make this local sports scene. The club has its own training center located in Sangolquí and which is called Centro de Alto Rendimiento, the training center also has rooms to accommodate players, dining room, parking, a gym, indoor pool and administrative offices. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Club Sport Emelec is an Ecuadorian sports club based in Guayaquil that is best known for their professional football team. The football team plays in the Ecuadorian Serie A, the highest level of football in the country. Emelec has won thirteen Serie A titles, holding the record of doing so in all decades in which the Serie A has been played and they also have won seven regional titles, a record-tying 5 of them in the professional era. Emelec was founded on April 28,1929 by George Capwell, the name of their home stadium pays homage to the clubs founder. The clubs most intense rivalry is with crosstown-team Barcelona, matches between the clubs are known as El Clásico del Astillero. The club was found after an assembly of employees at the Empresa Eléctrica del Ecuador, the initiative was spearheaded by George Capwell, the executive officer of the company who came from the United States. The first sports played in the club were baseball, basketball, boxing, swimming, handball, Capwell did not enjoy football, so the sport was supported only by his employees in non-official but recognized championships. Since then, they have accumulated eleven more national titles, placing them 3rd in the title count behind Barcelona with 14 titles. They have also won seven local titles, in the 1990s, the football team saw success internationally. In 1995, they reached the semi-finals of the Copa Libertadores, in 2001, the team was close to becoming the first Ecuadorian club to win an international title when they were a finalist in the 2001 Copa Merconorte. In the finals, they lost to Millionarios 3–1 on penalty kicks after tying on aggregate 2–2, a year after that, in 1943, Emelecs staff officially named and initiated the construction of the George Capwell Stadium. Although Emelecs president did not like football and their stadium was not initially intended to be a football field, Emelec won 5–4 against an all stars team from the cities of Manta and Bahia. After the Estadio Modelo was opened in 1959, the George Capwell Stadium became obsolete and was closed for many years, on several occasions it was almost destroyed for various projects that, luckily for the club, were never actually completed. It wasnt until 1991 that with the leadership of Nassib Nehme that the George Capwell Stadium was reopened, however, that number has not been changed even after the two enlargements were finished. It is said that the capacity of the stadium at the moment is 25,000 spectators. The construction of the Samanes training ground started in 1984 and was finished in 1986 and was built by Filanbanco a large financial institution in Ecuador at the time and this meant that Los Samanes ended up in the hands of the Issfa the Ecuadorian armys social security agency. Because Issfa had no use for it, the then Football director of Emelec Mr. Omar Quintana Baquerizo managed to loan the training ground for the club. Elias Wated are in talks with the government to settle on a purchase of the training ground