Major Robert Odell Owens was a New York politician and a prominent member of the Democratic Party who served in the United States House of Representatives from 1983 to 2007, representing the state's 11th Congressional district. He was succeeded by Yvette Clarke. Owens was born on June 28, 1936 in Collierville, Tennessee to Edna Owens. Owens was raised in Memphis and his father worked in a furniture factory as a laborer, he received a bachelor's degree in 1956 from Morehouse College in Atlanta and received a master's degree in library science in 1957 from Atlanta University, now known as Clark Atlanta. Owens began his career in librarianship. After obtaining his master's degree, Owens settled in Brooklyn, New York and began his career as a librarian at the Brooklyn Public Library from 1958 through the late 1960s. At the same time, Owens became active in the Congress of Racial Equality and other community groups. Owens, a community information librarian, became known for "placing Brooklyn Public Library collections in public places such as laundromats, stores and anywhere people gathered."
In 1969, Owens worked with a group of other New York librarians, including Miriam Braverman, Anne Littlejohn, Betty-Carol Sellen, Joan Marshall, Hardy R. Franklin, Pat Schuman, Andrew Armitage, Mitch Freedman, to establish the New York Social Responsibilities Round Table; this organization became part of the New York Library Association and its mission was "to create a central position for libraries and librarians in the battles for civil rights, social justice and ever-improved public access to education and information." Although having moved from his career in librarianship into his political career, in 1979 and 1991, Owens was a featured speaker at the White House Conference on Libraries. In 1996, Owens received the American Library Association's highest honor—honorary membership. In 1968, New York City Mayor John Lindsay made Owens the commissioner of New York City's Community Development Agency. After serving in this position for five years ran for and was elected to the New York Senate.
He was a member of the New York State Senate from 1975 to 1982, sitting in the 181st, 182nd, 183rd and 184th New York State Legislatures. In 1982, he was elected to the U. S. House of Representatives, replacing the retiring Shirley Chisholm, where he remained until his retirement in 2006. Owens became known as "The Librarian In Congress." Owens's career in Congress is marked by his advocacy for and support of library funding and education issues. In Congress, he worked with American Disability activist Justin Whitlock Dart, visiting his office on Capitol Hill and provided testimony before Owen's Subcommittee on Select Education in the House, during the late 1980s and early 1990s, prior to the passage of the ADA when it was being heatedly debated. Owens aided in its enactment. Owens represented a diverse district located within Brooklyn, New York which included many African-Americans, Hispanic-Americans and Jewish Americans, including a large Hasidic Jewish community, his district included low income areas of Brownsville, a large Hasidic area of Crown Heights, the Caribbean areas of Flatbush and East Flatbush, the now upscale neighborhood of Park Slope.
Although Owens won the 2004 Democratic primary with just 45.44% of the vote, he was re-elected in 2004 general election with 94% of the vote. In 2006, Owens decided to retire at the end of his term. In the 2006 election, Yvette Clarke, who had run against Owens in the 2004 primary, won the election and became Owens successor. Owens was one of 31 who voted in the House to not count the electoral votes from Ohio in the United States presidential election, 2004, he was a member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus. He received an "A" on the Drum Major Institute's 2005 Congressional Scorecard on middle-class issues. At some point in his life, Owens was a member of the Democratic Socialists of America. In 2006, Owens decided to not pursue re-election and retired from Congress, thereby ending his political career. Owens indicated. In 2006 after Owens's retirement decision, the Librarian of Congress announced that Owens would be appointed as a distinguished visiting scholar at The John W. Kluge Center with the position to commence in January 2007.
During his time at The John W. Kluge Center, Owens's work focused "on a case study of the Congressional Black Caucus and its impact on national politics." Owens used his time at the Kluge Center to research and write his book The Peacock Elite: A Subjective Case Study of the Congressional Black Caucus and Its Impact on National Politics,", published in 2011. Owens served as a senior fellow for the DuBois-Bunche Center for Public Policy at Medgar Evers College. Owens was married twice, his first marriage to Ethel Werfel ended in divorce after twenty-five years. From his marriage to Ethel, Owens had three sons: Brooklyn politician Chris Owens, actor Geoffrey Owens, Millard Owens, he married Maria A. Cuprill who had two children. Owens died October 2013 in New York City of congestive heart failure, he was 77 and is survived by his wife, Maria Owens, his three sons from his first marriage, two step-children from his second marriage, four grandchildren, five step-grandchildren. List of African-American United States Representatives United States Congress.
"Major Owens". Biographical Directory of the United States Congr
Robert Greenwald is the founder of Brave New Films, a nonprofit film and advocacy organization whose work is distributed for free in concert with nonprofit partners and movements in order to educate and mobilize for progressive causes. The work of Brave New Films has been screened over seven continents and viewed over tens of millions of times and counting, his most recent full-length feature documentary, illustrates the connection between gun industry profits and gun deaths in America. The studio is working with a coalition in California opposed to the money bail system with films like Debunking Bail Myths. Brave New Films is continuing its history of political advocacy by presenting short documentaries on current events from a progressive perspective, e.g. a piece on Donald Trump's cabinet picks. With BNF, he has made investigative documentaries such as Uncovered: The War on Iraq, Outfoxed: Rupert Murdoch's War on Journalism, Wal-Mart: The High Cost of Low Price, Iraq for Sale: The War Profiteers, Rethink Afghanistan, Koch Brothers Exposed, War on Whistleblowers, as well as many short investigative films and internet campaigns.
His eighth feature-length documentary, Unmanned: America's Drone Wars, was released in October 2013. Other recent, issued based short-films since 2015 include: Racism is Real which shows the stark differences between life in America as a black man and as a white man. Before launching Brave Films in 2000, Greenwald produced and/or directed more than 65 TV movies and films as well as major theatrical releases, his early body of work includes Steal This Movie!, starring Vincent D'Onofrio as 60s radical Abbie Hoffman. His work has earned him 25 Emmy Award nominations, two Golden Globe nominations, the Peabody Award and the Robert Wood Johnson Award, he was awarded the 2002 Producer of the Year Award by the American Film Institute. He has been honored for his investigative film work by the ACLU Foundation of Southern California. Greenwald was raised in New York City, he is son of the prominent psychotherapist Harold Greenwald, the nephew of choreographer Michael Kidd. He attended the city's High School of Performing Arts.
Greenwald started his directing career in the theater, with The People Vs. Ranchman, A Long Time Coming and A Long Time Gone, Me and Bessie and I Have a Dream, a play based on the life of Martin Luther King, Jr. with Billy Dee Williams playing King. Greenwald moved to Los Angeles in 1972, where he continued working as a theater director at the Mark Taper Forum, he launched a career as a director for television, establishing first Moonlight Productions and Robert Greenwald Productions, began creating theatrical films, television movies and documentaries with a distinct social and political sensibility. Moonlight Productions was responsible for 34 films, RGP has brought more than 45 films to audiences worldwide. In 1977, Greenwald received his first of three Emmy Award nominations for producing the television movie 21 Hours at Munich about the massacre at the 1972 Olympics, his next Emmy nomination came in 1984 for directing The Burning Bed, one of the most-watched television movies of all time.
Based on a true story, The Burning Bed has been credited as "a turning point in the fight against domestic violence." Greenwald directed theatrical films such as Breaking Up, Steal This Movie! and Xanadu. Xanadu received negative reviews; the film broke at the box office in its initial release. A double feature of Xanadu and another musical released at about the same time, Can't Stop the Music, inspired John J. B. Wilson to create the Golden Raspberry Awards, an annual event "dishonoring" what is considered the worst in cinema for a given year. Xanadu was nominated for six other awards. Greenwald turned to documentary filmmaking in 2002, he executive-produced three political documentaries known as "The Un Trilogy": Unprecedented: The 2000 Presidential Election. At BNF, Greenwald has produced and directed eight feature-length documentaries, along with many short pieces and campaigns. Greenwald released War on Whistleblowers: Free Press and the National Security State and a documentary about the U.
S. government's drone program, Unmanned: America's Drone Wars, which premiered in October 2013. Greenwald's approach has been to adapt the principles of guerrilla filmmaking to political documentaries, using small budgets and short shooting schedules to produce films and distributing them on DVDs or the Internet in affiliation with politically sympathetic groups such as MoveOn.org. BNF's methods are "rewriting the book on how movies are made and distribut
Washington, D. C. formally the District of Columbia and referred to as Washington or D. C. is the capital of the United States. Founded after the American Revolution as the seat of government of the newly independent country, Washington was named after George Washington, first President of the United States and Founding Father; as the seat of the United States federal government and several international organizations, Washington is an important world political capital. The city is one of the most visited cities in the world, with more than 20 million tourists annually; the signing of the Residence Act on July 16, 1790, approved the creation of a capital district located along the Potomac River on the country's East Coast. The U. S. Constitution provided for a federal district under the exclusive jurisdiction of the U. S. Congress, the District is therefore not a part of any state; the states of Maryland and Virginia each donated land to form the federal district, which included the pre-existing settlements of Georgetown and Alexandria.
The City of Washington was founded in 1791 to serve as the new national capital. In 1846, Congress returned the land ceded by Virginia. Washington had an estimated population of 702,455 as of July 2018, making it the 20th most populous city in the United States. Commuters from the surrounding Maryland and Virginia suburbs raise the city's daytime population to more than one million during the workweek. Washington's metropolitan area, the country's sixth largest, had a 2017 estimated population of 6.2 million residents. All three branches of the U. S. federal government are centered in the District: Congress and the U. S. Supreme Court. Washington is home to many national monuments, museums situated on or around the National Mall; the city hosts 177 foreign embassies as well as the headquarters of many international organizations, trade unions, non-profit, lobbying groups, professional associations, including the World Bank Group, the International Monetary Fund, the Organization of American States, AARP, the National Geographic Society, the Human Rights Campaign, the International Finance Corporation, the American Red Cross.
A locally elected mayor and a 13‑member council have governed the District since 1973. However, Congress may overturn local laws. D. C. residents elect a non-voting, at-large congressional delegate to the House of Representatives, but the District has no representation in the Senate. The District receives three electoral votes in presidential elections as permitted by the Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified in 1961. Various tribes of the Algonquian-speaking Piscataway people inhabited the lands around the Potomac River when Europeans first visited the area in the early 17th century. One group known as the Nacotchtank maintained settlements around the Anacostia River within the present-day District of Columbia. Conflicts with European colonists and neighboring tribes forced the relocation of the Piscataway people, some of whom established a new settlement in 1699 near Point of Rocks, Maryland. In his Federalist No. 43, published January 23, 1788, James Madison argued that the new federal government would need authority over a national capital to provide for its own maintenance and safety.
Five years earlier, a band of unpaid soldiers besieged Congress while its members were meeting in Philadelphia. Known as the Pennsylvania Mutiny of 1783, the event emphasized the need for the national government not to rely on any state for its own security. Article One, Section Eight, of the Constitution permits the establishment of a "District as may, by cession of particular states, the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the government of the United States". However, the Constitution does not specify a location for the capital. In what is now known as the Compromise of 1790, Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson came to an agreement that the federal government would pay each state's remaining Revolutionary War debts in exchange for establishing the new national capital in the southern United States. On July 9, 1790, Congress passed the Residence Act, which approved the creation of a national capital on the Potomac River; the exact location was to be selected by President George Washington, who signed the bill into law on July 16.
Formed from land donated by the states of Maryland and Virginia, the initial shape of the federal district was a square measuring 10 miles on each side, totaling 100 square miles. Two pre-existing settlements were included in the territory: the port of Georgetown, founded in 1751, the city of Alexandria, founded in 1749. During 1791–92, Andrew Ellicott and several assistants, including a free African American astronomer named Benjamin Banneker, surveyed the borders of the federal district and placed boundary stones at every mile point. Many of the stones are still standing. A new federal city was constructed on the north bank of the Potomac, to the east of Georgetown. On September 9, 1791, the three commissioners overseeing the capital's construction named the city in honor of President Washington; the federal district was named Columbia, a poetic name for the United States in use at that time. Congress held its first session in Washington on November 17, 1800. Congress passed the District of Columbia Organic Act of 1801 that organized the District and placed the entire territory under the exclusive control of the federal
United States Student Association
The United States Student Association was founded in 1947 and bills itself as the oldest and most inclusive student association in the United States. USSA was formed by a merger of the National Student Lobby, its political activism was cited in a 1995 lawsuit concerning the University of Wisconsin's mandatory student fee. In Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System v. Southworth 529 U. S. 217, the U. S. Supreme Court upheld the university's right to subsidize political speech with student fees. Regions: Golden Pacific Pacific Northwest Rocky Mountains Great Lakes Great Plains Southeast Atlantic New England Empire GardenAffiliations and coalitions: National People of Color Student Coalition National Women's Student Coalition National Queer Student Coalition The USSA annually elects a President and Vice President at its National Student Congress to manage the organization full-time; the current President is Joseline Garcia, the current Vice President is Chris Gannon. Oregon Student Association University of California Students Association Jobs with Justice Student/Farmworker Alliance USSA
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
National Labor Relations Board
The National Labor Relations Board is an independent agency of the Federal government of the United States with responsibilities for enforcing U. S. labor law in relation to collective bargaining and unfair labor practices. Under the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 it supervises elections for labor union representation and can investigate and remedy unfair labor practices. Unfair labor practices may involve union-related situations or instances of protected concerted activity; the NLRB is governed by a five-person board and a General Counsel, all of whom are appointed by the President with the consent of the Senate. Board members are appointed to five-year terms and the General Counsel is appointed to a four-year term; the General Counsel acts as a prosecutor and the Board acts as an appellate quasi-judicial body from decisions of administrative law judges. The NLRB is headquartered at 1015 Half St. SE, Washington, D. C. with over 30 regional, sub-regional and residential offices throughout the United States.
The history of the National Labor Relations Board can be traced to enactment of the National Industrial Recovery Act in 1933. Section 7 of the act protected collective bargaining rights for unions, but was difficult to enforce. A massive wave of union organizing was punctuated by employer and union violence, general strikes, recognition strikes; the National Industrial Recovery Act was administered by the National Recovery Administration. At the outset, NRA Administrator Hugh S. Johnson believed that Section 7 would be self-enforcing, but the tremendous labor unrest proved him wrong. On August 5, 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced the establishment of the National Labor Board, under the auspices of the NRA, to implement the collective bargaining provisions of Section 7; the National Labor Board established a system of 20 regional boards to handle the immense caseload. Each regional board had a representative designated by local labor unions, local employers, a "public" representative.
All were unpaid. The public representative acted as the chair; the regional boards could propose settlements to disputes. They lacked authority to order representation elections, but this changed after Roosevelt issued additional executive orders on February 1 and February 23, 1934; the NLB, proved ineffective. Congress passed Public Resolution No. 44 on June 19, 1934, which empowered the president to appoint a new labor board with authority to issue subpoenas, hold elections, mediate labor disputes. On June 29, President Roosevelt abolished the NLB and in Executive Order 6763 established a new, three-member National Labor Relations Board. Lloyd K. Garrison was the first Chairman of the National Labor Relations Board; the "First NLRB" established organizational structures which continue at the NLRB in the 21st century. This includes the regional structure of the board. Formally, Garrison established the: Executive Office, which handled administrative activities of the national and regionalsit boards, field staff, Legal Division.
It was overseen by an Executive Secretary. Examining Division, national staff which conducted field investigations and assisted the regional boards with adjudications and representative elections. Information Division, which provided the press and public with news. Legal Division, which assisted the Department of Justice in seeking compliance with board decisions in the courts, or in responding to suits brought about by board decisions. Research Division, which studied decisions of the regional boards so that a comprehensive labor law might be developed, studied the economics of each case. Within a year, most of the jurisdiction of the "First NLRB" was stripped away, its decisions in the automobile, newspaper and steel industries proved so volatile that Roosevelt himself removed these cases from the board's jurisdiction. Several federal court decisions further limited the board's power. Senator Robert F. Wagner subsequently pushed legislation through Congress to give a statutory basis to federal labor policy that survived court scrutiny.
On July 5, 1935, a new law—the National Labor Relations Act —superseded the NIRA and established a new, long-lasting federal labor policy. The NLRA designated the National Labor Relations Board as the implementing agency; the first Chairman of the "new" NLRB was J. Warren Madden, professor of the University of Pittsburgh School of Law. Madden confirmed the previous structure of the "first NLRB" by formally establishing five divisions within the agency: The Administrative Division, which oversaw all administrative activities of the national and regional boards, as well as their finances, it was led by a Secretary. The Economic Division, which analzyed economic evidence in cases and made studies of the economics of labor relations for use by the board and the courts, it was supervised by a Chief Industrial Economist. The Legal Division, which handled NLRB decisions which were appealed to the courts, or cases where the NLRB sought enforcement of its decisions; the position of General Counsel was created to oversee this division.
There were two subdivisions: The Litigation Section, which advised the national and regional boards, prepared briefs, worked with the Justice Department.
Dennis John Kucinich is an American politician. A former U. S. Representative from Ohio, serving from 1997 to 2013, he was a candidate for the Democratic nomination for President of the United States in the 2004 and 2008 Presidential elections, he was a candidate for Governor of Ohio in the 2018 election, losing in the primary to Richard Cordray. From 1977 to 1979, Kucinich served as the 53rd Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, a tumultuous term in which he survived a recall election and was successful in a battle against selling the municipal electric utility before being defeated for reelection by George Voinovich; because of redistricting following the 2010 state elections, Kucinich was pitted against 9th District incumbent Marcy Kaptur in the 2012 race for the Democratic nomination of Ohio's 9th congressional district absorbed part of Cuyahoga County, which he lost. In January 2013, he became a contributor on the Fox News Channel, appearing on programs such as The O'Reilly Factor. Kucinich was born in Cleveland, Ohio, on October 8, 1946, as the eldest of the seven children of Virginia and Frank J. Kucinich.
His father, a truck driver, was of Croat ancestry. Growing up, his family moved 21 times and Dennis was charged with the responsibility of finding apartments they could afford, he attended Cleveland State University from 1967 to 1970. In 1973, he graduated from Case Western Reserve University with both a Bachelor and a Master of Arts degree in speech and communication. Kucinich's political career began in 1967. In 1969, Kucinich was elected to the Cleveland City Council at the age of twenty-three. In 1972, Kucinich ran for a House of Representatives seat, losing narrowly to incumbent Republican William E. Minshall Jr. After Minshall's retirement in 1974 Kucinich sought the seat again, this time failing to get the Democratic nomination, which instead went to Ronald M. Mottl. Kucinich ran as an Independent candidate in the general election, placing third with about 30% of the vote. In 1975, Kucinich became clerk of the municipal court in Cleveland and served in that position for two years. Kucinich was elected Mayor of Cleveland in 1977 and served in that position until 1979.
At thirty-one years of age, he was the youngest mayor of a major city in the United States, earning him the nickname "the boy mayor of Cleveland". Kucinich's tenure as mayor is regarded as one of the most tumultuous in Cleveland's history. After Kucinich refused to sell Municipal Light, Cleveland's publicly owned electric utility, the Cleveland mafia put out a hit on Kucinich. A hit man from Maryland planned to shoot him in the head during the Columbus Day Parade, but the plot fell apart when Kucinich was hospitalized and missed the event; when the city fell into default shortly thereafter, the mafia leaders called off the contract killer. It was the Cleveland Trust Company that required all of the city's debts be paid in full, which forced the city into default, after news of Kucinich's refusal to sell the city utility. For years, these debts were rolled over, pending future payment, until Kucinich's announcement was made public. In 1998, the Cleveland City Council honored him for having had the "courage and foresight" to stand up to the banks, which saved the city an estimated $195 million between 1985 and 1995.
After losing his re-election bid for Mayor to George Voinovich in 1979, Kucinich kept a low profile in Cleveland politics. He criticized a tax referendum proposed by Voinovich in 1980, which voters approved, he struggled to find employment and moved to Los Angeles, where he stayed with a friend, actress Shirley MacLaine. During the next three years, Kucinich worked as a radio talk-show host and consultant, it was a difficult period for Kucinich financially. Without a steady paycheck, Kucinich fell behind in his mortgage payments, nearly lost his house in Cleveland, ended up borrowing money from friends, including MacLaine, to keep it. On his 1982 income tax return, Kucinich reported an income of $38; when discussing this period, Kucinich stated, "When I was growing up in Cleveland, my early experience conditioned me to hang in there and not to quit... It's one thing to experience that as a child, but when you have to as an adult, it has a way to remind you how difficult things can be. You understand what people go through."In 1982, Kucinich moved back to Cleveland and ran for Secretary of State.
In 1983, Kucinich won a special election to fill the seat of a Cleveland city councilman who had died. His brother, Gary Kucinich, was a councilman at the time. In 1985, there was some speculation. Instead, his brother Gary ran against the incumbent Voinovich. Kucinich, gave up his council position to run for Governor of Ohio as an independent against Richard Celeste, but withdrew from the race. After this, Kucinich, in his own words "on a quest for meaning," lived in New Mexico until 1994, when he won a seat in the Ohio State Senate. In 1996, Kucinich was elected to the U. S. House of Representatives, representing the 10th district of Ohio, he defeated two-term Republican incumbent Martin Hoke by three percentage points. He would never face another general election contest nearly that close, would be re-elected seven times. Committee on Education and the Workforce Subcommittee on Workforce Protections Subcommittee on Health, Employment and Pensions Committee on Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee on Regulatory Affairs, Stimulus Oversight and Government Spending Kucinich served as chair of the Congress