George Smith (horse)
George Smith was an American Thoroughbred racehorse and was the winner of the 1916 Kentucky Derby. George Smith was a black colt by the imported British stallion Out of Reach and out of the imported British mare Consuelo II, his grandsire, was a son of the great English racer and sire St. Simon. George Smith was named after noted turfman George E. Smith known as "Pittsburg Phill", once an owner of the colt's dam; the horse was bred by Fred Forsythe and Jack Chinn and was foaled at their Fountain Bleu Farm in Harrodsburg, Kentucky. George Smith was purchased as a yearling for $1,600 by Ed Mcbride, who trained him as a yearling and raced him as a two-year-old. George Smith was a promising two-year-old, winning many major stakes races, including the Victoria Stakes at Old Woodbine Race Course in Toronto, he was bought by noted Eastern horseman John Sanford for $22,500 as a two-year-old. The 1916 Kentucky Derby was run on a clear day with a field of 9 horses. George Smith was ridden by American Racing Hall of Fame jockey Johnny Loftus and was the clear contender of the race from the start.
The only competition for the win came from Star Hawk, who lost the race by a neck after a rally in the home stretch.[1}In 1918, George Smith won the Bowie Handicap at Pimlico Race Course by defeating two other Kentucky Derby winners. The 1917 winner, Omar Khayyam, finished second, the 1918 winner, ran third. George Smith was retired from racing at age five and stood at stud at Sanford's Hurricana Stud farm near Amsterdam, New York, he was a disappointing sire. On August 5, 1926, Sanford donated George Smith and another stallion called Nassovian to the Breeding Bureau of The Jockey Club. By the following year, George Smith was in the possession of the U. S. Army Remount Service, where he sired military horses for his remaining years
National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame
The National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame was founded in 1951 in Saratoga Springs, New York, to honor the achievements of American Thoroughbred race horses and trainers. In 1955, the museum moved to its current location on Union Avenue near Saratoga race course, at which time inductions into the hall of fame began; each spring, following the tabulation of the final votes, the announcement of new inductees is made during Kentucky Derby Week in early May. The actual inductions are held in mid-August during the Saratoga race meeting; the Hall of Fame's nominating committee selects eight to ten candidates from among the four Contemporary categories to be presented to the voters. Changes in voting procedures that commenced with the 2010 candidates allow the voters to choose multiple candidates from a single Contemporary category, instead of a single candidate from each of the four Contemporary categories. For example, in 2016, two female horses were inducted at the same time; the museum houses a large collection of art and memorabilia that document the history of horse racing from the eighteenth century to the present.
The museum first opened its doors in 1951, at which time it occupied a single room in Saratoga's Canfield Casino. The establishment was supported by the city of Saratoga Springs, which donated $2,500, the Saratoga Racing Association, which donated $5,000, various patrons of the sport, who donated various pieces of art and memorabilia; the first item in the museum's collection was a horseshoe worn by the great Lexington. In 1955, the museum relocated to its current location on Union Avenue, close to the main entrance of Saratoga Race Course. Inductions into the hall of fame began at the same time. Since the museum has expanded several times to allow for the display of its extensive art collection and more multimedia displays on the history of the sport. In the early years, inductions to the hall of fame were based on the evaluation of a panel of racing historians. In 1955, a group of 9 horses from the earliest years of the American turf were inducted; the 1956 class included 11 horses that raced around the turn of the century, while the 1957 class included 10 horses that raced up to the mid-thirties.
Since the classes have been smaller as the inductions shifted to more contemporary horses. Under current rules, a horse must have been retired for a minimum of five full calendar years to be eligible for the hall of fame. Thoroughbreds remain eligible in the contemporary category between five and 25 calendar years following their final racing year. Thoroughbreds retired for more than 25 calendar years may become eligible through the Historic Review Committee. Source: National Museum of Racing and Hall Contemporary jockeys become eligible for the Hall of Fame after they have been licensed for at least 20 years, remain eligible until 25 years after retirement. In special circumstances such as fragile health, the 20 year requirement may be waived, though there is a five year waiting period after retirement in such cases. Source: National Museum of Racing and Hall of FameLegend: * Still active ** Wins in North America only Contemporary trainers become eligible for the Hall of Fame after they have been licensed for at least 25 years, remain eligible until 25 years after retirement.
In special circumstances such as fragile health, the 25 year requirement may be waived though there is a five year waiting period after retirement in such cases. Established in 2013, the Hall of Fame states that the Pillars of the Turf category honors those "who have made extraordinary contributions to Thoroughbred racing in a leadership or pioneering capacity at the highest national level." In addition to the Hall of Fame, the museum houses numerous exhibits. These include: the Link Gallery, which features a bronze statue, a rotating selection of paintings the Sculpture Gallery, which features work by June Harrah, Herbert Haseltine, Marilyn Newmark, Jim Reno, John Skeaping and Eleanor Iselin Wade, among others; the gallery looks out onto the inner courtyard, which features a life-size bronze of Secretariat the Colonial Gallery, which covers the ocean transportation of horses and the foundations of American racing the Pre-Civil War Gallery, covering the expansion of racing during the early 19th century the Post-Civil War Gallery, covering the continued expansion of racing after the Civil War until a backlash to gambling in the early 20th century led to the closure of many tracks the 20th Century Gallery, which covers more recent topics The Eclipse Gallery, featuring award-winning entries from the Eclipse Award photography competition The Racing Day Gallery, which features displays about jockeys and the Breeders' Cup The Anatomy Room, covering the breeding and biology of the Thoroughbred The Triple Crown Gallery, including information and artifacts related to Triple Crown history The Steeplechase Gallery, covering the history of steeplechase racing in America The von Stade Gallery, which displays a selection of paintings, works on paper, or photographic prints from the Museum Collection The Peter McBean Gallery, which houses temporary exhibitions, a semi-permanent Hall of Fame Heroes exhibition and seasonal exhibitions.
It houses a collection bequeathed by John Nerud, including trophies and paintings of the Hall of Fame horses he trained, Gallant Man and Dr. FagerThe Museum Collection includes just over 300 paintings; these range from paintings of the early days of racing in England by John E. Ferneley, Sr. to more contemporary champions by Richard Stone Reeves. Featured artists include: William Smithson Broadhead, Vaughn Flannery, Sir Alfred J. Munnings
John Hay Whitney
John Hay "Jock" Whitney was U. S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom, publisher of the New York Herald Tribune, president of the Museum of Modern Art, he was a member of the Whitney family. Whitney was born on August 17, 1904, in Ellsworth, Whitney was a descendant of John Whitney, a Puritan who settled in Massachusetts in 1635, as well as of William Bradford, who came over on the Mayflower, his father was Payne Whitney, his grandfathers were William C. Whitney and John Hay, both presidential cabinet members, his mother was Helen Hay Whitney. The Whitneys' family mansion, Payne Whitney House on New York's Fifth Avenue, was around the corner from James B. Duke House, home of the founder of the American Tobacco Co. Whitney's uncle, Oliver Hazard Payne, a business partner of John D. Rockefeller, arranged the funding for Duke to buy out his competitors. Jock Whitney attended Groton School Yale College, he joined Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity. Whitney, his father and great-uncle were oarsmen at Yale, his father was captain of the crew in 1898.
He was a member of Key. While at Yale, he inspired the coining of the term "crew cut" for the haircut favored by the rowing crew which still bears the name. After graduating in 1926, Whitney went to Oxford University, but the death of his father necessitated his returning home, he inherited a trust fund of $20 million, inherited four times that amount from his mother. In 1929, Whitney– despite his vast wealth –was a clerk at the firm of Lee, Higginson & Co where, through his boss, J. T. Claiborne, Jr. he met former Lee, Higginson clerk Langbourne Meade Williams, Jr. who had come to Claiborne for help in his efforts to gain control of Freeport Texas Co. Williams was a scion of a founding investment firm in the sulfur mining company. In 1929, the year after Whitney became one of the wealthiest men in America, through inheritance. Whitney was soon Freeport's biggest shareholder, enabling Williams to replace the chairman and his management team. Claiborne was made a Vice-President. In 1946, Whitney founded J.
H. Whitney & Company, the oldest venture capital firm in the U. S. with Benno C. Schmidt, Sr.– who coined the term "venture capital" –with J. T. Claiborne as a partner. Whitney put up $10 million to finance entrepreneurs with business plans. Companies Whitney invested in included Minute Maid. In 1958, while he was still ambassador to the United Kingdom, his company Whitney Communications Corp. bought the New York Herald Tribune, was its publisher from 1961 to its closure in 1966. Whitney Communications owned and operated other newspapers, plus magazines and broadcasting stations. Whitney's television stations were sold to Dun & Bradstreet in 1969. Whitney invested in several Broadway shows, including Peter Arno's 1931 revue Here Goes the Bride, a failure that cost him $100,000, but was more successful as one of the backers of Life with Father. An October 1934 Fortune article on the Technicolor Corporation noted Whitney's interest in pictures, he had met Technicolor head Herbert Kalmus at the Saratoga Race Course.
In 1932, Technicolor achieved a breakthrough with its three-strip process. Merian C. Cooper of RKO Radio Pictures approached Whitney with the idea of investing in Technicolor, they joined forces and founded Pioneer Pictures in 1933, with a distribution deal with RKO to distribute Pioneer's films. Whitney and his cousin Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney bought a 15% stake in Technicolor. Whitney was the major investor in David O. Selznick's production company Selznick International Pictures, putting up $870,000 and serving as Chairman of the Board, he put up half the money to option Margaret Mitchell's Gone with the Wind for the Selznick film version, in which he invested, in Rebecca. Whitney served in the United States Army Air Forces as an intelligence officer during World War II, assigned to the Office of Strategic Services, he was taken prisoner by the Germans in southern France, but escaped when the train transporting him to a POW camp came under Allied fire. Whitney inherited his family's love of horses, a predilection he shared with his sister, Joan Whitney Payson.
Jock and his sister ran Greentree Stables in the U. S. owned by their mother. In 1928, he became the youngest member elected to The Jockey Club. Whitney and his first wife "Liz" raced horses both in Europe, he owned Easter Hero who won the 1930 editions of the Cheltenham Gold Cup. In the 1929 Grand National, his horse was beaten by a nose at the finish. Although Whitney entered the Grand National annually, he never again came close to winning; the Whitneys entered four horses in the Kentucky Derby in the 1930s, "Stepenfetchit," which finished 3rd in 1932, "Overtime," which finished 5th in 1933, "Singing Wood," which finished 8th in 1934, "Heather Broom," which finished 3rd in 1939. Jock Whitney was an outstanding polo player, with a four-goal handicap, it was as a sportsman that he made the cover of the March 27, 1933, issue of Time magazine. In 2015, Whitney was posthumously inducted to the National Museum of Racing's Hall of Fame as Pillar of the Turf. Whitney was the major backer of Dwight D. Eisenhower.
President Eisenhower appointed him United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom, a post held sixty years earlier by Whitney's gran
New York City
The City of New York called either New York City or New York, is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2017 population of 8,622,698 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles, New York is the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 20,320,876 people in its 2017 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 23,876,155 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural and media capital of the world, exerts a significant impact upon commerce, research, education, tourism, art and sports; the city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.
Situated on one of the world's largest natural harbors, New York City consists of five boroughs, each of, a separate county of the State of New York. The five boroughs – Brooklyn, Manhattan, The Bronx, Staten Island – were consolidated into a single city in 1898; the city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. New York City is home to more than 3.2 million residents born outside the United States, the largest foreign-born population of any city in the world. In 2017, the New York metropolitan area produced a gross metropolitan product of US$1.73 trillion. If greater New York City were a sovereign state, it would have the 12th highest GDP in the world. New York is home to the highest number of billionaires of any city in the world. New York City traces its origins to a trading post founded by colonists from the Dutch Republic in 1624 on Lower Manhattan.
The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York. New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790, it has been the country's largest city since 1790. The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the U. S. by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is an international symbol of the U. S. and its ideals of liberty and peace. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance, environmental sustainability, as a symbol of freedom and cultural diversity. Many districts and landmarks in New York City are well known, with the city having three of the world's ten most visited tourist attractions in 2013 and receiving a record 62.8 million tourists in 2017. Several sources have ranked New York the most photographed city in the world. Times Square, iconic as the world's "heart" and its "Crossroads", is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District, one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections, a major center of the world's entertainment industry.
The names of many of the city's landmarks and parks are known around the world. Manhattan's real estate market is among the most expensive in the world. New York is home to the largest ethnic Chinese population outside of Asia, with multiple signature Chinatowns developing across the city. Providing continuous 24/7 service, the New York City Subway is the largest single-operator rapid transit system worldwide, with 472 rail stations. Over 120 colleges and universities are located in New York City, including Columbia University, New York University, Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top universities in the world. Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York has been called both the most economically powerful city and the leading financial center of the world, the city is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ. In 1664, the city was named in honor of the Duke of York.
James's older brother, King Charles II, had appointed the Duke proprietor of the former territory of New Netherland, including the city of New Amsterdam, which England had seized from the Dutch. During the Wisconsinan glaciation, 75,000 to 11,000 years ago, the New York City region was situated at the edge of a large ice sheet over 1,000 feet in depth; the erosive forward movement of the ice contributed to the separation of what is now Long Island and Staten Island. That action left bedrock at a shallow depth, providing a solid foundation for most of Manhattan's skyscrapers. In the precolonial era, the area of present-day New York City was inhabited by Algonquian Native Americans, including the Lenape, whose homeland, known as Lenapehoking, included Staten Island; the first documented visit into New York Harbor by a European was in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, a Florentine explorer in the service of the French crown. He named it Nouvelle Angoulême. A Spanish expedition led by captain Estêvão Gomes, a Portuguese sailing for Emperor Charles V, arrived in New York Harbor in January 1525 and charted the mouth of the Hudson River, which he named Río de San Antonio.
The Padrón Rea
Keeneland includes the Keeneland Racecourse, a Thoroughbred horse racing facility, a sales complex, both in Lexington, Kentucky. Operated by the Keeneland Association, Inc. it is known for its reference library. In 2009, the Horseplayers Association of North America introduced a rating system for 65 Thoroughbred racetracks in North America. Keeneland was ranked #1 of the top ten tracks, it is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and designated a National Historic Landmark in 1986. Keeneland was founded in 1936 as a nonprofit racing–auction entity on 147 acres of farmland west of Lexington, owned by Jack Keene, a driving force behind the building of the facility, it has used proceeds from races and its auctions to further the thoroughbred industry as well as to contribute to the surrounding community. The racing side of Keeneland, Keeneland Race Course, has conducted live race meets in April and October since 1936; the 15-day spring meet is one of the richest in North America, with fifteen graded stakes races featuring the Blue Grass Stakes, a prep race for the Kentucky Derby.
The 17-day fall meet features seventeen graded stakes races, six of which are Grade One events used as Breeders' Cup preps. Keeneland takes pride in maintaining racing traditions. Most of the racing scenes of the 2003 movie Seabiscuit were shot at Keeneland, in part because of the track's "retro feel". Keeneland was used in the 2005 movie Dreamer and the 2010 movie Secretariat for several key scenes, including the running of the Belmont Stakes where the horse completes the Triple Crown. Nonetheless, Keeneland has adopted several innovations. In 1984 in preparation for a visit by Queen Elizabeth II, it built a trackside Winner's Circle and created the Queen Elizabeth II Challenge Cup Stakes. In 1985, it installed a turf course over which the Challenge Cup, as well as a number of other turf races, is now run, it reshaped the main track and replaced the dirt surface with the proprietary Polytrack surface over the summer of 2006 in time for its fall race meeting. The track was restored to a dirt racing surface during the summer of 2014.
Keeneland was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1986. Keeneland hosted the Breeders' Cup for the first time in 2015; the Breeders' Cup Classic was won by Triple Crown winner American Pharoah by six and a half lengths. He became the first to win the unofficial Grand Slam of horse racing. Many horse industry personnel were skeptical of Keeneland as a suitable venue because the track and town were too small to host such a large event; however it was a huge success and had a Thoroughbred Daily News writer report "I was wrong...it was spectacular" and how he "couldn't be more impressed". In August 2018 Keeneland was named as the host of the 2020 Breeders' Cup. Keeneland is the world's largest Thoroughbred auction house, conducting three sales annually: The September Yearling Sale, November Breeding Stock Sale, January Horses of All Ages Sale. Horses sold at Keeneland sales include 82 horses. Graduates of Keeneland sales; the Keeneland Team travels to over 25 countries and invests in over $700,000 annually towards international market development to deliver the world's deepest buying bench.
The auctions have sold horses to owners worldwide. Nine of the 14 highest ranked horses in the Kentucky Oakes were sold in sales through Keeneland; the track has a seven and one-half furlong turf oval. The turf course uses two configurations: the Keeneland Course setup has a temporary rail set 15 feet out, while the Haggin Course has no temporary rail. Mike Battaglia Katie Mikolay Gensler Keeneland has two racing seasons: a Spring Meeting in April and a Fall Meeting in October; the following stakes races have been run at Keeneland, some with changing names and sponsorships over the years. Grade I racesAlcibiades Stakes Ashland Stakes Breeders' Futurity Stakes First Lady Stakes Jenny Wiley Stakes Madison Stakes Maker's 46 Mile Stakes Queen Elizabeth II Challenge Cup Stakes Shadwell Turf Mile Stakes Spinster StakesGrade II racesBlue Grass Stakes Elkhorn Stakes Fayette Stakes Marathon Stakes Raven Run Stakes Shakertown Stakes Thoroughbred Club of America Stakes Grade III racesAppalachian Stakes Beaumont Stakes Ben Ali Stakes Bewitch Stakes Bourbon Stakes Buffalo Trace Franklin County Stakes Commonwealth Stakes Doubledogdare Stakes Dowager Stakes Lexington Stakes Phoenix Stakes Sycamore Stakes Transylvania Stakes presented by Keeneland Select Valley View Stakes Woodford StakesNon-graded stakes racesBryan Station Stakes Giant's Causeway Stakes Official site Classic Race winners sold at Keeneland Auction Keeneland's First Meet, 1936
Christine Marie Evert, known as Chris Evert Lloyd from 1979 to 1987, is a retired American World No. 1 tennis player. She won three doubles titles, she was the year-ending World No. 1 singles player in 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1980, 1981. Overall, Evert won 32 doubles titles. Evert reached 34 Grand Slam singles finals, more than any other player in the history of professional tennis, she holds the record of most consecutive years to win at least one Grand Slam title. In singles, Evert reached the semifinals or better 52 of the 56 Grand Slams she played, including the semifinals or better of 34 consecutive Grand Slams entered from the 1971 US Open through the 1983 French Open. Evert never lost in the first or second round of a Grand Slam singles tournament and lost in the third round only twice. In Grand Slam women's singles play, Evert won a record seven championships at the French Open and a co-record six championships at the US Open. Evert's career winning percentage in singles matches of 89.97% is the highest in the history of Open Era tennis, for men or women.
On clay courts, her career winning percentage in singles matches of 94.55% remains a WTA record. Evert served as president of the Women's Tennis Association during eleven calendar years, 1975–76 and 1983–91, she was inducted into the Hall of Fame. In life Evert was a coach and is now an analyst for ESPN and has a line of tennis and active apparel. Evert began taking tennis lessons from her father Jimmy Evert, he was a professional tennis coach who had won the men's singles title at the Canadian Championships in 1947. By 1969 she had become the No. 1 ranked under-14 girl in the United States. Evert played her first senior tournament in that year reaching the semifinals in her hometown of Fort Lauderdale, losing to Mary-Ann Eisel in three sets. In 1970, Evert won the national sixteen-and-under championship and was invited to play in an eight-player clay court tournament in Charlotte, North Carolina; the 15-year-old Evert defeated Françoise Dürr in the first round in straight sets before defeating Margaret Court 7–6, 7–6 in a semifinal.
Court had just won the Grand Slam in singles. These results led to Evert's selection for the U. S. Wightman Cup team, the youngest player in the competition. Evert made her Grand Slam tournament debut at age 16 at the 1971 US Open. After an easy straight-sets win over Edda Buding in the first round, she faced the American No. 4 Mary-Ann Eisel in the second round. Evert saved six match points - with Eisel at one stage serving at 6–4, 6–5 in the second set - before going on to win 4–6, 7–6, 6–1, she made two further comebacks from a set down, against Dürr and Lesley Hunt, both seasoned professionals, before losing to Billie Jean King in a semifinal in straight sets. This defeat ended a 46-match winning streak built up through a variety of professional and junior tour events; this winning streak included her first matches with and wins over King, Virginia Wade and Betty Stöve. In 1973 Evert was the runner-up at the Wimbledon Championships. A year she won both those events during her then-record 55-consecutive-match winning streak, which included eight other tournament wins.
She ended the year with a 100–7 match record, winning 16 tournaments including two Grand Slams, having been a finalist in her first Australian Open, having for a fourth straight year reached the semifinals at the US Open. She was chosen as the year-end number one by the leading tennis experts and authorities of the day - except Bud Collins - over her closest rivals and Evonne Goolagong, each of whom had six titles including a Grand Slam. At the time, she was engaged to Jimmy Connors, who won the Wimbledon men's singles title that year as media attention surrounded the summer "Love Match" of tennis, they partnered in the mixed doubles event at the 1974 US Open. Their engagement was short-lived as it was called off that year. However, their on-again-off-again relationship continued over the next couple of years. For the next five years, Evert was the world's No. 1 player. In 1975 she won her second French Open and the first of four straight US Open titles by defeating Cawley in a three-set final.
In November of that year, the official WTA computer ranking system was instituted, with Evert being the first No. 1. In total Evert logged 260 weeks at number one; until February 2013 she held the record of the oldest woman to be ranked WTA number 1, achieving that distinction after reclaiming the spot for the final time during the week of November 24, 1985, at the age of 30 years and 11 months. This was three weeks after she had first achieved the number one spot; that record stood for 27 years and 3 months until Williams surpassed it in 2013. The following 1976 season holds a unique distinction for Evert, as this was the only time in her career where she won both Wimbledon and the US Open titles in the same year, she defeated Goolagong Cawley in a thrilling three-set final on grass and dismantled her on clay at Forest Hills, losing just three games. However, Evert lost to Goolagong Cawley again in the final of the Virginia Slims Championships. In all, Evert won 26 of 39 matche
The Belmont Stakes is an American Grade I stakes Thoroughbred horse race held on the first or second Saturday in June at Belmont Park in Elmont, New York. It is a 1.5-mile-long horse race, open to three-year-old Thoroughbreds. Colts and geldings carry a weight of 126 pounds; the race, nicknamed The Test of the Champion, The Run for the Carnations, is the third and final leg of the Triple Crown and is held five weeks after the Kentucky Derby and three weeks after the Preakness Stakes. The 1973 Belmont Stakes and Triple Crown winner Secretariat holds the mile and a half stakes record of 2:24; the attendance at the Belmont Stakes is among the American thoroughbred racing top-attended events. The 2004 Belmont Stakes drew a television audience of 21.9 million viewers, had the highest household viewing rate since 1977 when Seattle Slew won the Triple Crown. The 150th Belmont Stakes took place on Saturday, June 9, 2018. Justify became the second horse in four years to win the Triple Crown; the first Belmont Stakes was held at Jerome Park Racetrack in The Bronx, built in 1866 by stock market speculator Leonard Jerome and financed by August Belmont Sr. for whom the race was named.
The first race in 1867 saw the filly Ruthless win. The race continued to be held at Jerome Park until 1890, when it was moved to the nearby facility, Morris Park Racecourse; the 1895 race was not held because of new laws that banned bookmaking in New York: it was rescheduled for November 2. The race remained at Morris Park Racecourse until the May 1905 opening of the new Belmont Park, 430-acre racetrack in Elmont, New York on Long Island, just outside the New York City borough of Queens; when anti-gambling legislation was passed in New York State, Belmont Racetrack was closed, the race was cancelled in 1911 and 1912. The first winner of the Triple Crown was Sir Barton, in 1919, before the series was recognized as such. In 1920, the Belmont was won by the great Man o' War, who won by 20 lengths, setting a new stakes and American record. Starting in 1926, the winner of the Belmont Stakes has been presented with August Belmont Trophy; the owner may keep the trophy for one year, receives a silver miniature for permanent use.
The term Triple Crown was first used when Gallant Fox won the three races in 1930, but the term did not enter widespread use until 1935 when his son Omaha repeated the feat. Sir Barton was honored retroactively. Since 1931, the order of Triple Crown races has been the Kentucky Derby first, followed by the Preakness Stakes, the Belmont Stakes. Prior to 1931, the Preakness was run before the Derby eleven times. On May 12, 1917 and again on May 13, 1922, the Preakness and the Derby were run on the same day. On eleven occasions, the Belmont Stakes was run before the Preakness Stakes; the date of each event is now set by the Kentucky Derby, always held on the first Saturday in May. The Preakness Stakes is held two weeks later; the earliest possible date for the Derby is May 1, the latest is May 7. In 1937, War Admiral became the fourth Triple Crown winner after winning the Belmont in a new track record time of 2:28 3/5. In the 1940s, four Triple Crown winners followed: Whirlaway in 1941, Count Fleet in 1943, Assault in 1946 and Citation in 1948.
Count Fleet won the race by a then-record margin of twenty-five lengths. He set a stakes record of 2:28 1/5, a record tied by Citation. In 1957, the stakes record was smashed when Gallant Man ran the Belmont in 2:26 3/5 in a year when the Triple Crown series was split three ways; the Belmont Stakes race was held at Aqueduct Racetrack from 1963 to 1967, while the track at Belmont was restored and renovated. The largest crowd of the 20th century was in 1971 with over 80,000 people, supplemented by the city's Latino community, there to cheer on their new hero, Cañonero II, the Venezuelan colt who had won the Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes and was poised to win the U. S. Triple Crown. However, due to a foot infection that had bothered the horse for several days, Cañonero II failed to win the Triple Crown when he struggled across the finish line in 4th place behind Pass Catcher, ridden by Walter Blum. Despite this loss, Cañonero II was named the winner of the first Eclipse Award for Outstanding Three-Year-Old Male Horse.
On June 9, 1973, Secretariat won the Belmont Stakes by thirty-one lengths in a record time of 2:24, becoming a Triple Crown champion, ending a 25-year gap between Citation, the Belmont and Triple Crown winner in 1948. Secretariat's record still stands as the fastest running of the Belmont Stakes and an American record for 1½ miles on the dirt. In 1977, Seattle Slew became the first horse to win the Triple Crown while undefeated. Affirmed was the last winner of the Triple Crown in the 20th century, taking the Belmont Stakes in 2:26 4/5 on June 10, 1978. Ridden by eighteen-year-old Steve Cauthen, Affirmed defeated rival Alydar with Jorge Velasquez in the saddle. At the time the race was the third-slowest start and the third-fastest finish with the quarter in 25, the half in 50, 3/4 in 1:14, the mile in 1:37 2/5. In 1988, Secretariat's son Risen Star won the Belmont in 2:26 2/5 the second-fastest time in the history of the race; the next year, Easy Goer lowered the mark for second-fastest time to 2:26.
Easy Goer holds a Beyer Speed Figure of 122 for the race, the best of any Triple Crown race since these ratings were first published in 1987. For three years in a row, horses came to the Belmont S