Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC
Marc Savoy is an American musician, builder and player of the Cajun accordion. He was born on his grandfather's rice farm near Eunice, his grandfather was a fiddler, who played with the legendary Dennis McGee, once a tenant farmer on his grandfather's property. Marc Savoy began playing traditional music. Savoy holds a degree in chemical engineering but his primary income is derived from his accordion-making business, based at his Savoy Music Center in Eunice, Louisiana, his wife is the singer and guitarist Ann Savoy, whom he met in 1975 and married in 1977. He has performed with Robert Bertrand, Dennis McGee, Rodney Balfa, Sady Courville, Dewey Balfa, D. L. Menard, Michael Doucet, the latter of whom he plays with in the Savoy-Doucet Band, he plays in the Savoy Family Band with his wife Ann and their sons Joel and Wilson. He hosts regular jam mini-festivals at the Savoy Music Center. Savoy is a recipient of a 1992 National Heritage Fellowship awarded by the National Endowment for the Arts, the United States government's highest honor in the folk and traditional arts.
1976: Under a Green Oak Tree 1981: Oh What a Night 1998: Made in Louisiana 2003: The Savoy Family Band Cajun Album 1983: Home Music 1987: With Spirits 1989: Two-Step d'Amede 1992: Home Music with Spirits 1994: Live! At the Dance 2002: The Best of 1996: Now and Then 1972 - Spend It All 1981 - Southern Comfort. Directed by Walter Hill. 1989 - J'ai Ete Au Bal. Directed by Les Blank. 1990 - Yum Yum Yum! A Taste Of Creole Cooking. Directed by Les Blank. 1991 - Marc & Ann. Directed by Les Blank. History of Cajun music List of people related to Cajun music Savoy Music Center Marc Savoy at AllMusic Marc Savoy discography at Discogs Marc Savoy's love for the music of his culture is rooted deep in his own family. Barry Jean Ancelet, Meloche.net Marc Savoy interview at Rootsworld
Montmagny is a city in the Montmagny Regional County Municipality within the Chaudière-Appalaches region of Quebec. It is the county seat, its population as of the Canada 2011 Census was 11,491. The city is located on the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River east of Quebec City and was founded more than 350 years ago, it is Canada's Snow Goose Capital. Festivals include the International Accordion Festival in September and the Festival of the Snow Geese in October; the city was named after the first governor of New France. Samuel de Champlain was commander in chief. Montmagny was the county seat of the historic county of Montmagny County. Montmagny is north west of Notre-Dame mountains, the official -but not most used- designation of the Canadian extension of the Green Mountains as they are called in New England. While Monts Notre Dame is the official name, the vast majority of people living in the area stretching between Quebec City and the Gaspe peninsula refer to them as "the Appalachians", the origin of the official designation of the region comprising Quebec City's South Shore suburbia extending to the US border to the east and northeast, known as Chaudière-Appalaches after the mountains and the main river flowing down from them into the St. Lawrence.
The city of Montmagny itself is parted by the South River, where a smaller river named Bras-Saint-Nicolas merges into it. The confluence of waters swells into a set of falls leading to discharge into the Saint-Lawrence a short distance west of the city. Montmagny is the seat of the judicial district of Montmagny; the industrial sector is the backbone of the economy. However, the city lost many jobs when Whirlpool closed its activities on May 13, 2004, incurring the loss of 600 jobs; the city has rebounded from that period. Textile industry has made employment for decades. A post-secondary institution, The Centre d'études collégiales de Montmagny, a hospital, named Hôtel-Dieu de Montmagny, a provincial jail are part of the economy. Amable Bélanger, iron founder Sammy Blais, professional ice hockey left winger Gérard Bolduc, founder of the Quebec International Pee-Wee Hockey Tournament Etienne-Paschal Tache, twice Premier of the Province of Canada, President of the Quebec Conference, 1864, considered a Father of Confederation Thrulane James Rose, Twice voted Supreme Champion - Royal Agricultural Winter Fair among a long list of titles and honours, one of the most'highly decorated' dairy cows in North America.
The prized Holstein was raised on Pierre Boulet's dairy farm Emma Gaudreau Casgrain, first woman to be licensed as a dentist in Canada Montmagny Regional County Municipality Zec de l'Oie-Blanche-de-Montmagny St. Lawrence River List of cities in Quebec City web site
MusicBrainz is a project that aims to create an open data music database, similar to the freedb project. MusicBrainz was founded in response to the restrictions placed on the Compact Disc Database, a database for software applications to look up audio CD information on the Internet. MusicBrainz has expanded its goals to reach beyond a compact disc metadata storehouse to become a structured open online database for music. MusicBrainz captures information about artists, their recorded works, the relationships between them. Recorded works entries capture at a minimum the album title, track titles, the length of each track; these entries are maintained by volunteer editors. Recorded works can store information about the release date and country, the CD ID, cover art, acoustic fingerprint, free-form annotation text and other metadata; as of 21 September 2018, MusicBrainz contained information about 1.4 million artists, 2 million releases, 19 million recordings. End-users can use software that communicates with MusicBrainz to add metadata tags to their digital media files, such as FLAC, MP3, Ogg Vorbis or AAC.
MusicBrainz allows contributors to upload cover art images of releases to the database. Internet Archive provides the bandwidth and legal protection for hosting the images, while MusicBrainz stores metadata and provides public access through the web and via an API for third parties to use; as with other contributions, the MusicBrainz community is in charge of maintaining and reviewing the data. Cover art is provided for items on sale at Amazon.com and some other online resources, but CAA is now preferred because it gives the community more control and flexibility for managing the images. Besides collecting metadata about music, MusicBrainz allows looking up recordings by their acoustic fingerprint. A separate application, such as MusicBrainz Picard, must be used for this. In 2000, MusicBrainz started using Relatable's patented TRM for acoustic fingerprint matching; this feature allowed the database to grow quickly. However, by 2005 TRM was showing scalability issues as the number of tracks in the database had reached into the millions.
This issue was resolved in May 2006 when MusicBrainz partnered with MusicIP, replacing TRM with MusicDNS. TRMs were phased out and replaced by MusicDNS in November 2008. In October 2009 MusicIP was acquired by AmpliFIND; some time after the acquisition, the MusicDNS service began having intermittent problems. Since the future of the free identification service was uncertain, a replacement for it was sought; the Chromaprint acoustic fingerprinting algorithm, the basis for AcoustID identification service, was started in February 2010 by a long-time MusicBrainz contributor Lukáš Lalinský. While AcoustID and Chromaprint are not MusicBrainz projects, they are tied with each other and both are open source. Chromaprint works by analyzing the first two minutes of a track, detecting the strength in each of 12 pitch classes, storing these 8 times per second. Additional post-processing is applied to compress this fingerprint while retaining patterns; the AcoustID search server searches from the database of fingerprints by similarity and returns the AcoustID identifier along with MusicBrainz recording identifiers if known.
Since 2003, MusicBrainz's core data are in the public domain, additional content, including moderation data, is placed under the Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-SA-2.0 license. The relational database management system is PostgreSQL; the server software is covered by the GNU General Public License. The MusicBrainz client software library, libmusicbrainz, is licensed under the GNU Lesser General Public License, which allows use of the code by proprietary software products. In December 2004, the MusicBrainz project was turned over to the MetaBrainz Foundation, a non-profit group, by its creator Robert Kaye. On 20 January 2006, the first commercial venture to use MusicBrainz data was the Barcelona, Spain-based Linkara in their Linkara Música service. On 28 June 2007, BBC announced that it has licensed MusicBrainz's live data feed to augment their music Web pages; the BBC online music editors will join the MusicBrainz community to contribute their knowledge to the database. On 28 July 2008, the beta of the new BBC Music site was launched, which publishes a page for each MusicBrainz artist.
Amarok – KDE audio player Banshee – multi-platform audio player Beets – automatic CLI music tagger/organiser for Unix-like systems Clementine – multi-platform audio player CDex – Microsoft Windows CD ripper Demlo – a dynamic and extensible music manager using a CLI iEatBrainz – Mac OS X deprecated foo_musicbrainz component for foobar2000 – Music Library/Audio Player Jaikoz – Java mass tag editor Max – Mac OS X CD ripper and audio transcoder Mp3tag – Windows metadata editor and music organizer MusicBrainz Picard – cross-platform album-oriented tag editor MusicBrainz Tagger – deprecated Microsoft Windows tag editor puddletag – a tag editor for PyQt under the GPLv3 Rhythmbox music player – an audio player for Unix-like systems Sound Juicer – GNOME CD ripper Zortam Mp3 Media Studio – Windows music organizer and ID3 Tag Editor. Freedb clients can access MusicBrainz data through the freedb protocol by using the MusicBrainz to FreeDB gateway service, mb2freedb. List of online music databases Making Metadata: The Case of Mus
Comhaltas Ceoltóirí Éireann
Comhaltas Ceoltóirí Éireann is the primary Irish organisation dedicated to the promotion of the music, song and the language of Ireland. The organisation was founded in 1951 and has promoted Irish music and culture among the Irish people and the Irish diaspora, its current Director General is Senator Labhrás Ó Murchú. Today it has more than 400 branches worldwide, in Republic of Ireland, the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Mexico, Spain, Hungary, Russia and New Zealand. Comhaltas was founded in 1951 in Mullingar, County Westmeath by a group of traditional pipers who felt that the Irish musical tradition was in decline. I Comhaltas is responsible for organising the annual national Irish music festival and competition called the Fleadh Cheoil. Comhaltas has published a magazine called Treoir relating to Irish traditional music since 1970. Music of Ireland Uilleann pipes Irish language Fleadh Cheoil Official website
County Galway is a county in Ireland. It is located in the West of part of the province of Connacht. There are several Irish-speaking areas in the west of the county; the traditional county includes, is named for, the city of Galway, but the city and county now have separate local authorities: Galway City Council administers the urban area, while the rest of the county is administered by Galway County Council. The population of the county was 258,058 at the 2016 census; the first inhabitants in the Galway area arrived over 7000 years ago. Shell middens indicate the existence of people as early as 5000 BC; the county comprised several kingdoms and territories which predate the formation of the county. These kingdoms included Uí Maine, Maigh Seóla, Conmhaícne Mara, Soghain and Máenmaige. County Galway became an official entity around 1569 AD; the region known as Connemara retains a distinct identity within the county, though its boundaries are unclear, so it may account for as much as one third, or as little as 20%, of the county.
The county includes a number such as the Oileáin Árann and Inis Bó Fine. With the arrival of Christianity many monasteries were built in the county. Monasteries kept written records of events of its people; these were followed by a number of law-tracts, genealogies and miscellaneous accounts. Extant manuscripts containing references to Galway include: Nearly 20% of the population of County Galway live in the Gaeltacht. County Galway is home to the largest Gaeltacht Irish-speaking region in Ireland. There are over 48,000 people living within this region, which extends from Galway city westwards through Connemara; the region consists of the following Irish-speaking areas. All schools within the Gaeltacht use the Irish language for classroom instruction. There is a third-level constituent college of NUIG called Acadamh na hOllscolaíochta Gaeilge in Carraroe and Carna. Clifden is the largest town in the region. Galway City is home to Ireland's only Irish-language theatre, Taibhdhearc na Gaillimhe. There is a strong Irish-language media presence in this area too, which boasts the radio station Raidió na Gaeltachta and Foinse newspaper in Carraroe and national TV station TG4 in Baile na hAbhann.
The Aran Islands are part of the Galway Gaeltacht. According to Census 2016, there were 84,249 people in County Galway. According to Census 2011, the Galway city and county Gaeltacht has a population of 48,907, of which 30,978 say they can speak Irish, 23,788 can be classed as native Irish speakers while 7,190 speak Irish daily only within the classroom. There are 3,006 attending three Gaelcholáiste outside the Galway Gaeltacht. According to the Irish Census 2016 there are 9,445 people in the county who identify themselves as being daily Irish speakers outside the education system. Prior to the enactment of the Local Government Act 2001, the county was a unified whole for administrative purposes, despite the presence of two local authorities. Since that time, the administrative re-organisation has reduced the geographical extent of the county by the extent of the area under the jurisdiction of Galway City Council. Today, the geographic extent of the county is limited to the area under the jurisdiction of Galway County Council.
Each local authority ranks as first level local administrative units of the NUTS 3 West Region for Eurostat purposes. There are 34 LAU 1 entities in the Republic of Ireland; the remit of Galway County Council includes some suburbs of the city not within the remit of Galway City Council. Both local authorities are responsible for certain local services such as sanitation and development, the collection of motor taxation, local roads and social housing; the county is part of the Midlands–North-West constituency for the purposes of European elections. For elections to Dáil Éireann, the county is part of three constituencies: Galway East, Galway West and Roscommon–Galway. Together they return 11 deputies to the Dáil. County Galway is home to Na Beanna Beola mountain range, Na Sléibhte Mhám Toirc, the low mountains of Sliabh Echtghe; the highest point in the county is one of Benbaun, at 729m. County Galway is home to a number of Ireland's largest lakes including Lough Corrib, Lough Derg and Lough Mask.
The county is home to a large number of smaller lakes, many of which are in the Connemara region. These include Lough Anaserd, Ardderry Lough, Aughrusbeg Lough, Ballycuirke Lough, Ballynahinch Lake, Lough Bofin, Lough Cutra, Derryclare Lough, Lough Fee, Glendollagh Lough, Lough Glenicmurrin, Lough Inagh, Kylemore Lough, Lettercraffroe Lough, Maumeen Lough, Lough Nafooey, Lough Rea, Ross Lake and Lough Shindilla; the location of County Galway, situated on the west coast of Ireland, allows it to be directly influenced by the Gulf Stream. Temperature extremes are rare and short lived, though inland areas east of the Corrib, can boast some of the highest recorded temperatures of the summer in the island of Ireland. Overall, Galway is influenced by Atlantic airstreams which bring ample rainfall in between the fleeting sunshine. Rainf
Art Van Damme
Art Van Damme was an American jazz accordionist. Born in Norway, Michigan, he began playing the accordion at age nine and started classical study when his family moved to Chicago in 1934. In 1941 he joined Ben Bernie's band as an accordionist, he adapted Benny Goodman's music to the accordion. From 1945 to 1960 he worked for NBC, performing on The Dinah Shore Show, The Dave Garroway Show and other radio and TV shows with Garroway, he recorded 130 episodes of the 15-minute The Art Van Damme Show for NBC Radio. He once said. Van Damme toured Europe and was popular with jazz listeners in Japan and won the domestic Down Beat reader's poll for his instrument. Van Damme was married, had three children. After he retired to Roseville, California he continued to perform to the end of his life, he had been ill with pneumonia for several weeks when he died on February 15, 2010 at the age of 89. 1950: Cocktail Capers 1952: More Cocktail Capers 1953: Martini Time 1954: The Van Damme Sound 1956: House Party 1956: Manhattan Time 1956: The Beguiling Miss Frances Bergen 1956: The Art Of Van Damme 1957: Once Over Lightly 1958: They're Playing Our Song: Fifty Years Of Hit Songs 2LP 1959: Everything's Coming Up Music 1961: Accordion à la Mode 1962: Art Van Damme Swings Sweetly 1963: A Perfect Match 1964: Septet: The New Sound Of Art Van Damme 1965: Lover Man!
Compilation 1967: Music For Lovers compilation 1966: With Art Van Damme In San Francisco 1967: The Gentle Art Of Art 1967: Ecstasy 1968: Lullaby In Rhythm 1968: Art In The Black Forest 1969: On The Road 1969: Art And Four Brothers 1970: Blue World 1970: Keep Going 1972: The Many Moods Of Art 2LP 1973: Star Spangled Rhythm 2LP 1973: Squeezing Art & Tender Flutes 1973: Art Van Damme with Strings - note: quintet recorded in 1973. - note: reissue of Art Van Damme with Strings 2016: A Perfect Match/Martini Time - reissues WFMU: Art Van Damme "Nicollet Avenue Breakdown" Art Van Damme Quintet plays "Perdido" and "I Know That You Know" Accordions.com Interview Accordioninfo.com The Best of Garroway at Large BBC Radio 2 Art Van Damme Dies - Accordion Weekly News Art Van Damme Interview NAMM Oral History Library