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Sigi Lens

Sigi Lens is a retired Dutch-Surinamese footballer and is a sports agent. During his career he served Fortuna Sittard, he was one of the footballers that survived the Surinam Airways Flight PY764 air crash in Paramaribo on 7 June 1989. His nephew Jeremain Lens is a professional footballer. In his playing career Lens was a tall, but quick forward, able to play as a right winger or a striker, he made his professional debut at AZ in the 1985-86 season when he featured in a team with players like Kees Kist and Pier Tol. Despite the appearance of these goalscoring players he was the club's top goalscorer in the season, scoring a total of 17 goals, his efforts came out best in counterattacks. Lens signed a new contract at Fortuna Sittard. In his three years at Fortuna Sittard he became the club's top goalscorer in the 1986–87 and 1987-88 season. In the 1988-89 season only John Clayton scored more goals, he had a great effort in the matches against AFC Ajax, Feyenoord Rotterdam and PSV Eindhoven who were all beaten at Fortuna's homeground De Baandert that season.

After that season he was invited by Sonny Hasnoe, the founder of the Colourful 11 to be part of the team and travel to Suriname to play in the "Boxel Kleurrijk Tournament" with three Surinamese teams. The Surinam Airways Flight PY764 crashed during approach to Paramaribo-Zanderij International Airport, killing 176 of the 187 on board, making it the worst aviation disaster in Suriname's history. Among the dead were a total of 15 members of the Colourful 11, only three of them, including Lens survived. One of his best friends Fred Patrick with whom he played together at AZ was among the deaths. Lens would never play professional football again due to a complicated pelvic fracture he suffered during the crash. After his career Lens became one of their player's agents, he would work with the black players, with whom he built up close relationships. The VVCS reasoned. After a few years half way during the 1990s he and colleague Peter Gerards were charged for a possible fraud, it was said they might have been earning money for transfers without the VVCS or the player in question knowing.

As a result, both were fired by the VVCS, but as a result of the rumours a lot of the players at the VVCS left as well. The affaire with Gerards and Lens in the main roles made it possible for commercial investors to start their own agencies; this was due to the Bosman ruling of 1995 that made it easier for players to switch clubs. Sigi Lens for instance started his own agency named Pro Athlete; the relations between Lens and the players he worked with were so close, that when Lens started Pro Athlete they followed him and most of them stayed with him until now or until they ended their careers. Other retired footballers and friends of Lens Paul Nortan and John Veldman were appointed as his partners. Several of the players Lens worked with and still works with are André Ooijer, Denny Landzaat, George Boateng, Giovanni van Bronckhorst, Mario Melchiot, Michael Reiziger and Winston Bogarde. Crash report Crash website Pro Athlete profile Pro Athlete players Fortuna Sittard career VVCS career Iwan Tol: Eindbesteming Zanderij.

Thomas Vien

Thomas Vien, was a Canadian politician. Born in Lauzon, Quebec on 19 July 1881, he studied at the Royal Military College of Canada in Kingston, Ontario studied law at the Collège de Lévis. After, he studied law at the Université Laval, he was called to the Quebec Bar in 1905. He practiced with several law firms before becoming senior partner of Vien, Paré, Gould and Vien, of Montreal, Quebec, he was first elected to the House of Commons of Canada for the Quebec riding of Lotbinière as a Laurier Liberal in the 1917 federal election. He was re-elected in 1921 but did not run in 1925. From 1922 to 1923, he served as chairman of the House of Commons Public Accounts Committee. From 1924 to 1925, he was chairman of the Commerce Committee. From 1925 to 1931, he was the deputy chief commissioner of the Board of Railway Commissioners for Canada. After returning to his legal practice, he was elected in 1935 federal election for the riding of Outremont. From 1936 to 1940, he served as chairman of the Standing Committee on Railways and Telegraph Lines.

He was re-elected in 1940. From 1940 to 1942, he was the Deputy Speaker and Chairman of Committees of the Whole of the House of Commons. In 1942, he was appointed to the Senate of Canada representing the senatorial division of De Lorimier, Quebec. From 1943 to 1945, he was the Speaker of the Senate of Canada. At the age of 87, in 1968, he resigned his senate seat, he died four years in Montreal. Thomas Vien – Parliament of Canada biography Speakers of the Senate biography

Hugh Mulzac

Hugh Nathaniel Mulzac was an African-American member of the United States Merchant Marine. He earned a Master rating in 1918 which should have qualified him to command a ship, but this did not happen until September 29, 1942 because of racial discrimination. Hugh Nathaniel Mulzac was born March 1886, on Union Island in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Hugh was born to Ada Roseline Donowa, an accomplished pianist and a woman of pure African descent. Hugh’s grandfather Charles Malzac, was a white man and a native of St. Kitts W. I... Mulzac/Malzac family were descended from a French Huguenot galley slave who escaped the sinking of the ship, ‘Notre Dame de Bonne Esperance” off the coast of Martinique in 1697. Hugh attended the Church of England School in Kingstown, SVG, headed by his maternal grandfather, the Rev. James Donowa, a former student of the Reverend Edward Nugent Bree. Hugh had two older brothers Jonathon and Edward along with younger brothers Irvin and James along with younger sisters Lavinia and Una.

Mulzac's life at sea started after high school when he served on British schooners. He was sent to Swansea Nautical College in Wales to train. In 1918, Hugh Mulzac emigrated to the United States. Within two years he had earned his shipping master's certificate, the first issued to an African American, he joined with Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association and served as a Captain on the SS Yarmouth of the Black Star Line. However, disagreements with the UNIA lead to his resignation in 1921. For the next two decades, the only shipboard work Mulzac could get was in the steward's departments on several shipping lines. In 1942, Mulzac was offered command of the SS Booker T. Washington, the first Liberty ship to be named after an African-American, he refused at first. He insisted on an integrated crew, stating, "Under no circumstances will I command a Jim Crow", the authorities relented. With this, he became famous for being the first black captain, the first black man to obtain a ships masters license and the first black man to command a integrated vessel.

Under his command, over 18,000 troops were transported around the world, additionally "carrying vital war supplies such as tanks and ammunition to the European front." Captain Hugh Mulzac played a role in the National Maritime Union. The Union included a clause that stipulated that there should be no discrimination based on color, political creed, religion or national origin. After the war, Mulzac could not regain a position as captain. In 1948 he unsuccessfully filed a lawsuit against the ship's operators. In 1950 he made a bid for Queens Borough President under the American Labor Party ticket, he lost the election. Due to his strong ties to the labor movement, he found himself blacklisted in the era of McCarthyism. At the New York state election, 1958, he ran on the Independent-Socialist ticket for New York State Comptroller. Mulzac was a self-taught painter, in 1958, thirty-two of his oil paintings were put on exhibit at one man show in the Countee Cullen Library in Manhattan. In 1960 a Federal Judge restored his seaman's papers and license, at the age of 74 he was able to find work as a night mate.

Captain Mulzac died in East Meadow, New York on January 30, 1971 at the age of 84. On September 29, 1920, Hugh Mulzac married a native of Jamaica, their daughter, Una Mulzac, was the founder of a prominent Harlem-based political and Black power-oriented bookstore, Liberation Bookstore. Hugh's nephew, John Ira Mulzac Sr. was a pilot with the Tuskegee Airmen. He was mentioned in the episode "A Nugget of History" in the television series The Suite Life of Zack & Cody on the Disney Channel. Mulzac, Hugh. A Star to Steer By as told to Norbal Welch. International Publishers. ASIN B00M6APYTO. SS Booker T Washington Images at the U. S. National Archive

Mediapolis (company)

Mediapolis, Inc. is a Web engineering company based in New York City. Founded in 1995 the company has built over 300 websites utilizing open-source software. Mediapolis operates the DataLounge, a popular LGBT Internet forum; the company was founded in January 1995 by Carl Pritzkat, Michael Rhodes, Tony Travostino. The first headquarters were out of Michael's apartment in the Meatpacking Manhattan. In 1998 Alan Emtage, creator of Archie the first Internet search engine, joined the company. Since it has worked to produce several hundred websites, with clients ranging from small not-for-profits to large multi-national corporations. For a period the company operated a string of LGBT sites under the moniker'The Datalounge Network'; these included,, and In January 1995 BMG Entertainment launched the Internet's first e-commerce site featuring an entire record label catalog, which Mediapolis engineered and operated until late 2004.

Other notable sites created and operated include for Express Scripts,, for Volvo. In early 2010, Mediapolis was part of a team that purchased Publishers Weekly from media conglomerate Reed Elsevier, it operates the website. In 1999 the DataLounge won GLAAD Media Award for Outstanding LGBT Interactive Media. Tech companies in the New York metropolitan area


Combatant is the legal status of an individual who has the right to engage in hostilities during an international armed conflict. The legal definition of "combatant" is found at article 43 of Additional Protocol One to the Geneva Conventions of 1949, it states that "Members of the armed forces of a Party to a conflict are combatants, to say, they have the right to participate directly in hostilities."In addition to having the right to participate in hostilities, combatants have the right to the status of Prisoners of War when captured during an international armed conflict. "While all combatants are obliged to comply with the rules of international law applicable in armed conflict, violations of these rules shall not deprive a combatant of his right to be a combatant or, if he falls into the power of an adverse Party, of his right to be a prisoner of war." Under the International Humanitarian Law combatants may be classified in one of two categories: privileged or unprivileged. Inter alia, those privileged combatants that have violated certain terms of the IHL lose their status and become unprivileged combatants.

The following categories of combatants qualify for prisoner-of-war status on capture: Members of the armed forces of a Party to the conflict as well as members of militias or volunteer corps forming part of such armed forces. Members of other militias and members of other volunteer corps, including those of organized resistance movements, belonging to a party to the conflict and operating in or outside their own territory if this territory is occupied, provided that they fulfill the following conditions: that of being commanded by a person responsible for his subordinates. Members of regular armed forces who profess allegiance to a government or an authority not recognized by the Detaining Power. Inhabitants of a non-occupied territory, who on the approach of the enemy spontaneously take up arms to resist the invading forces, without having had time to form themselves into regular armed units, provided they carry arms and respect the laws and customs of war. For countries which have signed the "Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts", combatants who do not wear a distinguishing mark still qualify as prisoners of war if they carry arms during military engagements, while visible to the enemy when they are deploying to conduct an attack against them.

There are several types of combatants who do not qualify as privileged combatants: Combatants who would otherwise be privileged but have breached the laws and customs of war. Spies, child soldiers, civilians who take a direct part in combat and do not fall into one of the categories listed in the previous section. If there is any doubt as to whether the person benefits from "combatant" status, they must be held as a POW until they have faced a "competent tribunal" to decide the issue. Most unprivileged combatants who do not qualify for protection under the Third Geneva Convention do so under the Fourth Geneva Convention, which concerns civilians, until they have had a "fair and regular trial". If found guilty at a regular trial, they can be punished under the civilian laws of the detaining power. Non-combatant Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts Project