The Knitting Factory is a nightclub, opened in New York City and that featured eclectic music and entertainment. After opening in 1987, various other locations were opened in the United States; the Knitting Factory gave its audience poetry readings, performance art, standup comedy, musicians who transcended the usual boundaries of rock and jazz experimental music. The Knitting Factory owners distributed some performances to radio stations, around 1990 starting a radio show and the record label Knitting Factory Works; the founders started Knitting Factory Records in 1998. It was founded by Michael Dorf and Louis Spitzer in 1987; the Knitting Factory was named by Dorf's and Spitzer's childhood friend Bob Appel and songwriter Jonathan Zarov, who derived the name through joking about Appel's experience working in an actual knitting factory. Appel, a lifelong musician, joined as a co-manager soon after its founding. John Zorn was associated with the creative direction of the club in its earliest years.
The original location was in Manhattan at 47 East Houston Street, near to CBGB and within walking distance of The Bottom Line. The venue was founded as an art gallery, with a performance space and cafe, as well as a home for experimental music. Within a few years, the venue relocated to a new Manhattan location at 74 Leonard St, which featured a much larger main hall that showcased independent rock and pop music, two smaller subterranean stages that were dedicated to avant garde music. Since 1990, the Knitting Factory has sponsored the What is Jazz? Festival, a two-week long event in several locations in New York City; the event became so successful. Knitting Factory Records was founded in 1998. Dorf opened a new club location in Los Angeles in 2000 under the parent company of Knitting Factory Entertainment, KnitMedia. Jared Hoffman, the founder of Instinct Records, acquired by Knitting Factory Entertainment in 2002, took over as CEO of the company from Dorf in 2004. In 2006 he oversaw the acquisition of concert promoters Bravo Entertainment and, in 2008, re-branded two of Bravo's clubs as Knitting Factory Concert Houses.
Knitting Factory Presents promoted a number of mainstream tours throughout the US. In 2007 The Knitting Factory partnered with XM Satellite Radio to record and broadcast concerts from both Knitting Factory locations. Morgan Margolis took over as CEO in 2008. Hoffman left the company at the end of 2008. In July 2008 the owners announced their move to close the Manhattan location and move to a much smaller space in Williamsburg, Brooklyn where it now stands at 361 Metropolitan Ave. At this new venue alternative comedy thrived, with many notable comedians gracing the stage including Hannibal Buress, Seth Herzog, Che Bridgett, Dan Ilic, Pete Davidson, but they changed their minds and reopened the Tribeca location, continued putting on shows with bands including The Shells, the Cro-Mags, New Model Army. At that time, the New York and Hollywood locations held over 5,000 live performances each year. In July 2009 it was reported; the last show in the Manhattan location however was on July 25, 2009, was an event called Staff Infection in which staff took to the stage and said goodbye to its beloved club.
The last band to play KFNY was 12,000 Trees featuring 3 Knit staffers. The new location was set to reopen in the new Brooklyn location in July 2009. On September 9, 2009, The Knitting Factory relocated to the former space of the Luna Lounge — itself a Manhattan transplant — at 361 Metropolitan Avenue; this location remodeled, is now in operation and has a capacity of about 300. The venue opened with a performance by Les Savy Fav. In March 2016, the Knitting Factory announced; the Knitting Factory gave its audience poetry readings, performance art, standup comedy, musicians who transcended the usual boundaries of rock and jazz, such as the Lounge Lizards, John Zorn, Dewey Redman, Don Byron, Anthony Braxton, Cecil Taylor. The owners distributed them to radio stations, they started a radio show in 1990, broadcast nationwide, sometime between 1989 and 1990 a record label called Knitting Factory Works. In ten years the label issued over 200 albums that included music by Marilyn Crispell, Mark Dresser, Bill Ware, Roy Nathanson, Charles Gayle, Joe Morris, Curtis Fowlkes.
Downtown music List of record labels Knitting Factory Records Philippe Carles, André Clergeat, Jean-Louis Comolli, Dictionnaire du jazz, Paris, 1994 For Knitting Factory, Westward Ho. New York Times
The Ramones were an American punk rock band that formed in the New York City neighborhood of Forest Hills, Queens, in 1974. They are sometimes cited as the first true punk rock group. Despite achieving only limited commercial success the band was influential in the United States and the United Kingdom. All of the band members adopted pseudonyms ending with the surname "Ramone", although none of them were biologically related, they performed 2,263 concerts, touring nonstop for 22 years. In 1996, after a tour with the Lollapalooza music festival, the band played a farewell concert and disbanded. By 2014, all four of the band's original members had died – lead singer Joey Ramone, bass guitarist Dee Dee Ramone, guitarist Johnny Ramone and drummer Tommy Ramone. Recognition of the band's importance built over the years, are now mentioned in many assessments of all-time great rock music, such as number 26 in the Rolling Stone magazine list of the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time" and number 17 in VH1's "100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock".
In 2002, the Ramones were ranked the second-greatest band of all time by Spin magazine, trailing only by the Beatles. On March 18, 2002, the original four members and Tommy's replacement on drums, Marky Ramone, were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on their first year of eligibility, though Joey had died by then. In 2011, the group was awarded a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award; the original members of the band met in and around the middle-class neighborhood of Forest Hills in the New York City borough of Queens. John Cummings and Thomas Erdelyi had both been in a high-school garage band from 1965 to 1967 known as the Tangerine Puppets, they became friends with Douglas Colvin, who had moved to the area from Germany, Jeffrey Hyman, the initial lead singer of the glam rock band Sniper, founded in 1972. The Ramones began taking shape in early 1974 when Cummings and Colvin invited Hyman to join them in a band. Colvin wanted to play guitar and sing, Cummings would play guitar and Hyman would play drums.
The lineup was to be completed with their friend Richie Stern on bass. However, after only a few rehearsals it became clear that Richie Stern could not play bass, so in addition to singing, Colvin switched from guitar to bass and Cummings became the only guitarist. Colvin was the first to adopt the name "Ramone", he was inspired by Paul McCartney's use of the pseudonym Paul Ramon during his Silver Beetles days. Dee Dee convinced the other members to take on the name and came up with the idea of calling the band the Ramones. Hyman and Cummings became Johnny Ramone, respectively. A friend of the band, Monte A. Melnick, helped to arrange rehearsal time for them at Manhattan's Performance Studios, where he worked. Johnny's former bandmate Erdelyi was set to become their manager. Soon after the band was formed, Dee Dee realized that he could not sing and play his bass guitar simultaneously. Dee Dee would continue, however, to count off each song's tempo with his signature rapid-fire shout of "1-2-3-4!"
Joey soon realized that he could not sing and play drums and left the position of drummer. While auditioning prospective replacements, Erdelyi would take to the drums and demonstrate how to play the songs, it became apparent that he was able to perform the group's music better than anyone else, he joined the band as Tommy Ramone. The Ramones played before an audience for the first time on March 1974, at Performance Studios; the songs they played were fast and short. Around this time, a new music scene was emerging in New York centered on two clubs in downtown Manhattan—Max's Kansas City and, more famously, CBGB; the Ramones made their CBGB debut on August 16, 1974. Legs McNeil, who cofounded Punk magazine the following year described the impact of that performance: "They were all wearing these black leather jackets, and they counted off this song... and it was just this wall of noise... They looked so striking; these guys were not hippies. This was something new."The band swiftly became regulars at the club, playing there seventy-four times by the end of the year.
After garnering considerable attention for their performances—which averaged about seventeen minutes from beginning to end—the group was signed to a recording contract in late 1975 by Seymour Stein of Sire Records. After they were seen by Sire A&R man Craig Leon he brought the band to the attention of the label. Stein's wife, Linda Stein, saw the band play at Mothers. By this time, the Ramones were recognized as leaders of the new scene, being referred to as "punk"; the group's unusual frontman had a lot to do with their impact. As Dee Dee explained, "All the other singers were copying David Johansen, copying Mick Jagger... But Joey was unique unique." The Ramones recorded their debut album, Ramones, in February 1976. Of the fourteen songs on the album, the longest, "I Don't Wanna Go Down to the Basement" surpassed two and a half minutes. While the songwriting credits were shared by the entire band, Dee Dee was the primary writer; the Ramones album was produced by Sire's Craig Leon, with Tommy as associate producer, on an low budget of about $6,400 and released in April.
The now iconic front cover photograph of the band was taken by Roberta Bayley, a photographer for Punk magazine. Punk, responsible for codifying the term for the scene emerging around CBGB, ran
East Village Radio
East Village Radio is an Internet radio station which broadcasts from a storefront studio in the East Village of Manhattan, in New York City. The station shut down on May 23, 2014 and relaunched in conjunction with Dash Radio, June 3, 2015. EVR's street-level studio is on 21 First Avenue at East 1st Street. According to an MTA study of pedestrian traffic in New York City 1,800 pedestrians passed by the sound booth per hour. Over 60 DJs and hosts provide 16 hours of free live programming a day, in two-hour show blocks, seven days a week. Programming features a mix of music, news and commentary. Music ranges from indie to new wave to coldwave to hip hop and post punk to vintage jazz and soul to house and ambient electronic. EVR supports the free radio movement. East Village Radio was established in June 2003, broadcast on the airwaves at 88.1 FM. After an article in The New York Times described the station, the FCC sent a cease-and-desist letter as the station was unlicensed to use the airwaves. Due to the difficulty of obtaining new FM licenses, the decision was made to make EVR an internet radio station.
Some time after this, it was decided to move the studio from its original location above a restaurant to a storefront booth on First Avenue in Manhattan. This was seen as a way of reconnecting EVR with the East Village community since the station was no longer on-the-air. East Village Radio's DJ line-up included producer Mark Ronson. One of its final guests before closing and relaunching was artist and Vector Gallery creator/curator JJ Brine on the AndewAndrew show. East Village radio has now relaunched on Dash Radio and is live as of June 3, 2015. Accidental Rhythm /Jason Eldredge Analog Soul /Jacky Sommer & DatKat Andrew Andrew Sound Sound /AndrewAndrew Authentic Sh!t / Mark Ronson Atlantic Tunnel / Ed Rogers & Gaz Thomas Ballers Eve / DJ Dirrty, Minski Walker & Kat Daddy Slim Beyond Beyond is Beyond / Mike Newman Chances with Wolves / Mikey Palms, DJ Kool Kear & Kray Chillin' Island / Dapwell from Das Racist / Despot Coalition Chart Show / Mike Joyce Contemporary Adult / Michael Hirsch Death By Audio / Edan Wilber Delancey Music Service / Stretch Armstrong & Eli Escobar Fast Forward Reverse / TimmyG Forty Deuce / Geebee, Keene & ExPee Fat Beats / Monster Friction on EVR / Bobby Friction Jamaica Rock / Queen Majesty Gay Beach / Tedward Gold River Show / Jerry Jones Guilty Pleasure / DJ Elhaam Happy Medium / Lane LaColla JetLag / Andy Rourke La Décadanse / Melody Nelson Minimal Wave / Veronica Vasicka Modern Products / Harris Smith Morricone Youth / Devon E. Levins Never Not Working / Oskar Mann Pizza Party / Max & Kevin Sandy Acres Sound Lab / Colleen Crumbcake Seaport Music Radio / dj Pledge Shocking Blue Sessions / Delphine Blue Short Bus Radio / DJ Speculator Teenage Kicks / Nick and Nick The Big Cover Up / $mall ¢hange The Blue Label Show / Jamal Ali The Continuous Mammal / Niall Van Dyke The Lillywhite Sessions / Steve Lillywhite The Two for Tennis Show M.
P. Messenie & Tim'Love' Lee Universópolis / Julianne Escobedo Shepherd Blessinger, Brian. "Think Local, Act Global: East Village Radio Circumvents the FCC". BPM Magazine. P. 78. Katz, David. "Internet radio takes to the street after F. C. C. Clampdown". Downtown Express. Retrieved 2007-10-04. Hughes, C. J.. "In a Small Walk-Up, A Radio Signal Is Born. But Mum's the Word"; the New York Times. Retrieved 2007-10-04. D'Amico, Randy. "East Village Radio: Because the regular radio just sucks". Prefix Magazine. Archived from the original on August 18, 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-04
Martha Wainwright is a Canadian-American folk-rock singer-songwriter. She is the daughter of American folk singer and actor Loudon Wainwright III and Canadian folk singer-songwriter Kate McGarrigle, she was raised in a musical family along with her older brother, Rufus Wainwright, in Montreal, Canada. Wainwright released an independent cassette, Ground Floor, in 1997; the following year, her song "Year of the Dragon" appeared on The McGarrigle Hour, an album released by Kate & Anna McGarrigle. Shortly after this recording, Martha began singing backup vocals for her brother, released the six-song EP Martha Wainwright in 1999. Following her drama classes at Montreal's Concordia University, she moved to New York City, where she established herself as singer and songwriter, she made contacts within the industry, one of whom was producer Brad Albetta, who worked with Wainwright to produce her self-titled debut album, Martha Wainwright. Albetta worked again with Wainwright to produce her second album, I Know You're Married But I've Got Feelings Too, released in Canada on June 10, 2008.
Artists contributing to the album include Pete Townshend, Donald Fagen, Garth Hudson, as well as her mother and aunt. Wainwright is signed with the independent record labels Rounder Records in the United States, DiS in the United Kingdom, MapleMusic Recordings in Canada, V2 Records in Europe and Shock Records in Australia, she performed "Tower of Song" and "The Traitor" at the Leonard Cohen tribute concert which became the film and album Leonard Cohen: I'm Your Man. In 1988, Wainwright sang the end credit song "Tommy Come Back" for the movie Tommy Tricker and the Stamp Traveller, she sang the French version of the song "Tommy, Reviens" for the French version of the movie titled "Les Aventuriers du Timbre Perdu." In 1999, Wainwright sang the title track in the short animated film When The Day Breaks, directed by Wendy Tilby and Amanda Forbis and funded by the National Film Board of Canada or NFB. In 2001, Wainwright recorded "Star Crossed Lovers" with Propellerheads for the Red Hot Organization's compilation album Red Hot + Indigo, a tribute to Duke Ellington, which raised money for various charities devoted to increasing AIDS awareness and fighting the disease Since the release of her album, I Know You're Married...
Wainwright toured in Europe, the United States and Australia. She has positive reviews, she appeared at the 2007 Bonnaroo and at Belladrum Tartan Heart Festival, Inverness-shire in August 2007. She duetted with Snow Patrol at the V Festival and Lollapalooza, performed with her brother at the Hollywood Bowl in September 2007, she recorded the song "Set the Fire to the Third Bar" with Snow Patrol in 2006. In May 2007 Martha Wainwright, her mother, Kate McGarrigle, cousin Lily Lanken performed "Golden Hair" and "See Emily Play" at the Syd Barrett memorial concert at the Barbican Centre in London. In 2010, Martha contributed background vocals on Hole's album Nobody's Daughter. In 2013, she recorded the soundtrack album for the fourth season of the television drama series Trauma, including covers of songs by Offenbach, Claude Dubois, Daniel Bélanger, Ariane Moffatt, Michel Berger and Luc Plamondon and Kate and Anna McGarrigle, as well as French translations of her own songs "I Will Internalize", "When the Day Is Short" and "This Life".
In 2014, she appeared in all four episodes of the HBO television miniseries Olive Kitteridge, portraying Angela O'Meara, who sings and plays the piano in the restaurant – and in the nursing home – in the fictional seaside town of Crosby, performing covers of 1970s pop tunes. She participated in the 2015 edition of Canada Reads, advocating for Jocelyne Saucier's novel And the Birds Rained Down, she married her producer Brad Albetta in September 2007. They have two sons and Francis Valentine. Martha Wainwright I Know You're Married But I've Got Feelings Too Sans Fusils, Ni Souliers, à Paris: Martha Wainwright's Piaf Record Come Home to Mama Trauma: Chansons de la serie tele Saison 4 Songs in the Dark Goodnight City Official website Martha Wainwright discography at Discogs Martha Wainwright on IMDb
Nada Surf is an American alternative rock band which consists of Matthew Caws, Ira Elliot, Doug Gillard and Daniel Lorca. Based in New York City and formed in the 1990s, Nada Surf continues to tour, their eighth album, You Know Who You Are, was a featured release on NPR in February 2016. In 1992, the band was formed by Daniel Lorca; the original band name was Helicopter but changed to Nada Surf, which Caws said is “actually referring to something much more existential, it's just surfing on nothing. Being lost in your head or in your imagination but you know, whenever I listen to music I always find myself off somewhere. Somewhere in space. You know, in mental space and it's a reference to that." They met in the Lycée Français de New York. Their first drummer, was replaced by Aaron Conte, with whom the band recorded its first 7", The Plan/Telescope, as well as the demo tape Tafkans, the raw version of High/Low; those raw versions were released on their second 7", Deeper Well/Pressure Free, on the Karmic EP and on North 6th Street.
In 1995, Conte left the band and was replaced by Ira Elliot, former drummer of the Fuzztones, a active band from the eighties New York scene, of whom both Caws and Lorca were fans. After a show at the Knitting Factory, Nada Surf met former Cars frontman and Weezer producer Ric Ocasek. With little hope, they presented him with a copy of Tafkans. Three weeks Ocasek called back with news of his intention to produce the band's album. Soon after, the band was finalizing a contract with Elektra Records, through an executive, Josh Deutsch. In spring 1996, the band released High/Low, their debut album, recorded and mastered within a 19-day period. Prior to this, the band released the EP on No. 6 Records, a label run by Elektra employee Bobby McCain. That summer, as Nada Surf toured the United States with Superdrag, their song "Popular" became a summer anthem, the band toured overseas. In 1998, the band released their follow-up album, in Europe. Produced by Fred Maher, the album gained little commercial success in the US.
Their record label, thinking the album lacked a hit like "Popular", had the band record several covers, including "Black & White" and "Why Are You So Mean To Me?", to use as singles. Tired of the requirements of the A&R director, the band judged the album was perfect as-is, broke their contract; as a consequence, Elektra did not release the album in the US and dropped the band while they were on a promotional tour in Europe. Despite these events, this album was critically acclaimed in France, where the band made a 30-show tour the following year. In 2000, the band released The Proximity Effect in the United States on their own label, MarDev, after being dropped by Elektra. Following the album's release, the band performed at their record release party at Luna Lounge in New York City and toured intensively for several months to rebuild their North American fan base. From 1999 to 2002, the band took regular day jobs: Caws worked at a Brooklyn record store called Earwax, Lorca worked on some computer projects and Elliot did drum and guitar session work for other artists.
Caws referred to these times as a period of luxury, the record store job as his "favorite job ever."In 2002, the band released Let Go, a critically acclaimed album which included the successful single, "Inside of Love", toured for this album for several months, including many European festivals in the summer of 2003. Recorded the year before, the album was produced by their friends Louie Lino and Chris Fudurich, who had engineered The Proximity Effect. In 2005, the band released The Weight Is a Gift on Barsuk Records, an album produced by Chris Walla, finished touring for this album in October of the following year; the record was made during a month spent at John Vanderslice's Tiny Telephone studio in San Francisco. In 2008, the band released Lucky, an album with producer John Goodmanson in the Robert Lang Studios in Seattle, from material recorded the year before; that same year, the band's song, "No Quick Fix", was featured as the Spinner MP3 of the Day, they were featured on the cover of Beyond Race Magazine for the publication's winter issue.
In 2010, the band released If I Had a Hi-Fi, an album of covers including songs by the likes of Depeche Mode, Kate Bush and The Go-Betweens. Milwaukee noise rock band IfIHadAHiFi reciprocally titled their next album Nada Surf EP+3. In 2012, the band released The Stars Are Indifferent to Astronomy, an album which included the single "Waiting for Something" and introduced former Guided By Voices guitarist Doug Gillard as fourth band member. In 2012, who had moved to England, recorded acoustic versions of five of the songs from The Stars Are Indifferent to Astronomy as B-sides in collaboration with record producer, Lee Russell; the material was released as The Dulcitone Files EP. The group released a compilation of rarities called B-Sides in 2014. Nada Surf's eighth studio album, You Know Who You Are, with an official release date of March 4, 2016, was released for streaming in late February 2016. In 2018, for the 15th anniversary of Let Go, the charity cover album Standing At T
The Psychedelic Furs
The Psychedelic Furs are an English rock band founded in London in February 1977. Led by singer Richard Butler and his brother Tim Butler on bass guitar, the Psychedelic Furs were one of the many acts spawned from the British post-punk scene, their music went through several phases, from an austere art rock sound, to touching on new wave and hard rock. The band scored several hits in their early career. In 1986, filmmaker John Hughes used their song "Pretty in Pink" for his movie of the same name; the band went on hiatus after they finished touring in 1992, but regrouped in 2000 and continue to perform around the world. Richard Butler stated that the Psychedelic Furs began rehearsing in his family's front room, but were soon banished because of the noise; the band was called RKO Radio. They vacillated between calling themselves "the Europeans" and "the Psychedelic Furs", playing gigs under both names before permanently settling on the latter; the band consisted of Richard Butler, Tim Butler, Duncan Kilburn, Paul Wilson and Roger Morris.
By 1979, this line-up had expanded to a sextet with Vince Ely replacing Wilson on drums and John Ashton joining as a second guitarist. The Psychedelic Furs' debut, a self-titled album released in March 1980, was produced by Steve Lillywhite; the album established the band on radio in Europe and was a No. 18 hit in the UK Albums Chart. The album found success in Germany, France and Australia; the Furs did find success in the US with their next release, 1981's Talk Talk Talk, which saw the band making its debut on the US Billboard 200 chart. In the UK, the album yielded two charting singles, "Dumb Waiters" and the original version of "Pretty in Pink"; the latter song served as inspiration for the 1986 John Hughes film of the same name, was re-recorded for the platinum-selling soundtrack - though Richard Butler was adamant that the cinematic interpretation had little to do with the song's original intent. In 1982, the band was reduced to a quartet with the departures of Morris and Kilburn, moved to the U.
S. in search of a producer. The band recorded their next album, Forever Now, with record producer Todd Rundgren in Woodstock, New York. Released in September 1982, this album contained "Love My Way", which became another UK chart entry, their first US Billboard Hot 100 single. Ely left the band after Forever Now; the next album, Mirror Moves was produced by Keith Forsey, featured the songs "The Ghost in You" and "Heaven". Both charted in the UK, "Heaven" became the band's highest charting UK hit at the time, peaking at No. 29. Columbia Records opted for "Here Come Cowboys" for the corresponding US release, which failed to chart, but "The Ghost In You" was a hit on the Billboard Hot 100. In Canada, "The Ghost In You" charted. Mirror Moves became a Top 20 album on the Canadian Albums Chart and was named the No. 1 album of 1984 by Toronto new wave radio station CFNY. By the mid-1980s, the band had become a staple on both US college radio and modern rock radio stations, they were experiencing consistent mainstream success, placing several singles in the charts on both sides of the Atlantic.
Still, according to biographer Dave Thompson, they would "have more impact on future musicians than they did in the marketplace."In 1986, the band recorded a new version of "Pretty in Pink" for the soundtrack of the film of the same name. Released as a single, it became their biggest hit to date in the US, their biggest UK hit. Butler claimed that the success of "Pretty in Pink" caused the band to be pressured into entering the recording studio with producer Chris Kimsey to record a follow-up release before they were ready; the result was Midnight to Midnight, their biggest Top 40 success to date, but an album that Richard Butler characterized as "hollow and weak". A more overtly commercial effort than their prior recordings, the album featured the single "Heartbreak Beat", the Furs' biggest Top 40 hit in the US; the album featured drummer Paul Garisto and saxophonist Mars Williams, both of whom toured with the band. In the wake of Midnight to Midnight, Ely returned, the Furs issued the single "All That Money Wants", a track recorded for the 1988 best-of compilation album All of This and Nothing.
1989's Book of Days, produced by the band and David M. Allen, featured the singles "Should God Forget" and "House". Produced by the band and Stephen Street, 1991's World Outside included the single "Until She Comes" and is the Furs' final studio album to date. From 1988 on, the Furs' singles had steady chart success with three No. 1 hits on the newly established US Modern Rock Tracks chart between 1988 and 1991. "All That Money Wants" was a No. 1 hit in 1988, while "House" topped the chart in 1990 and "Until She Comes" was No. 1 in 1991. The band took a long break in the early 1990s, with Richard and Tim Butler going on to found Love Spit Love with Richard Fortus and Frank Ferrer. In 2000, Richard Butler, Tim Butler and Ashton reformed the Psychedelic Furs; the touring lineup included Fortus and Ferrer. They released a live album, Beautiful Chaos: Greatest Hits Live, which included a new studio recording, "Alive". In 2006, Richard Butler released Richard Butler. Since reforming in 2001, the band continued to tour worldwide.
The current Psychedelic Furs touring line-up includes Richard Butler, Tim Butler, Williams, Amanda Kramer and Rich Good. In 2017, the band's 1984
MusicBrainz is a project that aims to create an open data music database, similar to the freedb project. MusicBrainz was founded in response to the restrictions placed on the Compact Disc Database, a database for software applications to look up audio CD information on the Internet. MusicBrainz has expanded its goals to reach beyond a compact disc metadata storehouse to become a structured open online database for music. MusicBrainz captures information about artists, their recorded works, the relationships between them. Recorded works entries capture at a minimum the album title, track titles, the length of each track; these entries are maintained by volunteer editors. Recorded works can store information about the release date and country, the CD ID, cover art, acoustic fingerprint, free-form annotation text and other metadata; as of 21 September 2018, MusicBrainz contained information about 1.4 million artists, 2 million releases, 19 million recordings. End-users can use software that communicates with MusicBrainz to add metadata tags to their digital media files, such as FLAC, MP3, Ogg Vorbis or AAC.
MusicBrainz allows contributors to upload cover art images of releases to the database. Internet Archive provides the bandwidth and legal protection for hosting the images, while MusicBrainz stores metadata and provides public access through the web and via an API for third parties to use; as with other contributions, the MusicBrainz community is in charge of maintaining and reviewing the data. Cover art is provided for items on sale at Amazon.com and some other online resources, but CAA is now preferred because it gives the community more control and flexibility for managing the images. Besides collecting metadata about music, MusicBrainz allows looking up recordings by their acoustic fingerprint. A separate application, such as MusicBrainz Picard, must be used for this. In 2000, MusicBrainz started using Relatable's patented TRM for acoustic fingerprint matching; this feature allowed the database to grow quickly. However, by 2005 TRM was showing scalability issues as the number of tracks in the database had reached into the millions.
This issue was resolved in May 2006 when MusicBrainz partnered with MusicIP, replacing TRM with MusicDNS. TRMs were phased out and replaced by MusicDNS in November 2008. In October 2009 MusicIP was acquired by AmpliFIND; some time after the acquisition, the MusicDNS service began having intermittent problems. Since the future of the free identification service was uncertain, a replacement for it was sought; the Chromaprint acoustic fingerprinting algorithm, the basis for AcoustID identification service, was started in February 2010 by a long-time MusicBrainz contributor Lukáš Lalinský. While AcoustID and Chromaprint are not MusicBrainz projects, they are tied with each other and both are open source. Chromaprint works by analyzing the first two minutes of a track, detecting the strength in each of 12 pitch classes, storing these 8 times per second. Additional post-processing is applied to compress this fingerprint while retaining patterns; the AcoustID search server searches from the database of fingerprints by similarity and returns the AcoustID identifier along with MusicBrainz recording identifiers if known.
Since 2003, MusicBrainz's core data are in the public domain, additional content, including moderation data, is placed under the Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-SA-2.0 license. The relational database management system is PostgreSQL; the server software is covered by the GNU General Public License. The MusicBrainz client software library, libmusicbrainz, is licensed under the GNU Lesser General Public License, which allows use of the code by proprietary software products. In December 2004, the MusicBrainz project was turned over to the MetaBrainz Foundation, a non-profit group, by its creator Robert Kaye. On 20 January 2006, the first commercial venture to use MusicBrainz data was the Barcelona, Spain-based Linkara in their Linkara Música service. On 28 June 2007, BBC announced that it has licensed MusicBrainz's live data feed to augment their music Web pages; the BBC online music editors will join the MusicBrainz community to contribute their knowledge to the database. On 28 July 2008, the beta of the new BBC Music site was launched, which publishes a page for each MusicBrainz artist.
Amarok – KDE audio player Banshee – multi-platform audio player Beets – automatic CLI music tagger/organiser for Unix-like systems Clementine – multi-platform audio player CDex – Microsoft Windows CD ripper Demlo – a dynamic and extensible music manager using a CLI iEatBrainz – Mac OS X deprecated foo_musicbrainz component for foobar2000 – Music Library/Audio Player Jaikoz – Java mass tag editor Max – Mac OS X CD ripper and audio transcoder Mp3tag – Windows metadata editor and music organizer MusicBrainz Picard – cross-platform album-oriented tag editor MusicBrainz Tagger – deprecated Microsoft Windows tag editor puddletag – a tag editor for PyQt under the GPLv3 Rhythmbox music player – an audio player for Unix-like systems Sound Juicer – GNOME CD ripper Zortam Mp3 Media Studio – Windows music organizer and ID3 Tag Editor. Freedb clients can access MusicBrainz data through the freedb protocol by using the MusicBrainz to FreeDB gateway service, mb2freedb. List of online music databases Making Metadata: The Case of Mus