The Evil That Men Do (film)
The Evil That Men Do is a 1984 Mexican-American-British action thriller film directed by J. Lee Thompson, starring Charles Bronson, Theresa Saldana, Joseph Maher; the film was adapted by David Lee Henry and John Crowther from the novel of the same name by R. Lance Hill. Bronson plays a former assassin, who comes out of retirement to avenge the death of his journalist friend; the movie marks director J. Lee Thompson. Holland is a former CIA assassin who lives and peacefully on the Cayman Islands, he is persuaded out of retirement by the death of a friend and dissident journalist. Hidalgo was murdered by a Welsh doctor who lives in Guatemala. Molloch is an expert in the science of torture and sells his knowledge and skills to any government that can pay his price, he lives under government protection in Guatemala. Holland is hired by a professor and friend of Hidalgo, he poses as a family man and is accompanied to Guatemala by Hidalgo's widow Rhiana and daughter Sarah. Holland kills several of Molloch's men, kidnaps his sister Claire for ransom.
She is killed during a chase by thugs hired by the US ambassador, who has used Molloch for his own purposes in the past. Molloch, meets Holland at a remote location to pay the ransom, he holds her in exchange for his sister. Local miners know that Molloch has tortured their family members and attack him with pick and shovel. Sarah, her mother Rhiana, Holland leave his death in the hands of the local people. Charles Bronson as Holland, a former CIA assassin. Theresa Saldana as Rhiana, Hidalgo's wife. Joseph Maher as Clement "The Doctor" Molloch, a doctor and expert in the art of torture. José Ferrer as Hector Lomelin, a friend of Hidalgo's. Antoinette Bower as Claire, Molloch's sister. Angélica Aragón as María. René Enríquez as Max Ortiz, Lomelin's lifelong friend, he provides Holland with information on Molloch's daily routine in Guatemala. John Glover as Paul Briggs, the U. S. Ambassador to the Republic of Guatemala, he is blackmailed by Molloch. Raymond St. Jacques as Randolph Whitley, Molloch's communication expert.
He is a former intelligence officer. Mischa Hausserman as Karl Houssen: He is a former Green Berets and has worked for the CIA. Jorge Luke as Cillero, Molloch's chauffeur. Jorge Humberto Robles as Jorge Hidalgo, a dissident journalist who condemns Molloch's actions. Amanda Nicole Thomas as Sarah and Rhiana Hidalgo's daughter. Additional actors included Enrique Lucero as Aristos; the movie's first draft was written by the novel's writer. Lance Hill. John Crowther was hired to rewrite the draft in the spring of 1982. Crowther was hired on a weekly contract, but when the producers realized the extent to which the script needed rewriting, it was drastically extended. Prior to rewriting the film's screenplay, Crowther had written the martial-arts, action movie Kill and Kill Again. Crowther had known Pancho Kohner - the movies producer - for many years, it was Kohner. In addition to this, Crowther had worked on Bronson's earlier movies. For example, he was an uncredited writer on Bullets. According to Crowther, Hill's script was of poor quality, the producers knew that it would need "major rewrites".
In Crowther's opinion, there were "holes" in the logic of Hill's script. He gave an example where, in the novel, Molloch is said to have better security than an "Israeli Mossad", but in the reality of Hill's script, Molloch has "three lame-os" providing him with security. Crowther called Hill's premise "ridiculous". Crowther felt. To make the movie more interesting, seven of the novel’s minor characters were cut from the script. In addition to this, a number of vignettes were cut, including: Moloch’s surreal dream of being tortured in a concentration camp by Josef Mengele; the cast and crew went to Mexico to begin filming the movie in March, 1983. By shooting the movie in Mexico, the producers saved a lot of money. There was no sound stage, everything was shot on location. Producer Pancho Kohner and executive producer Lance Hool were on set for the entire time of filming. Bronson was contracted to film at least eight hours a day. According to Crowther, because Bronson's family was with him on set, he wouldn't work more hours than what was stated in his contract.
The cast and crew had a lot of respect for the movie's director. Kohner said that during filming, Thompson was proficient and knew what shots he wanted to capture. Rotten Tomatoes, a review aggregator, reports that 40% of five surveyed critics gave the film a positive review. Janet Maslin of The New York Times wrote that audiences want to see Bronson kill people, the film delivers many audience-pleasing kills. Time Out London called it "a clumsy catalogue of pain and death". Fred Lutz of the Toledo Blade identified the film as a comeback for Bronson. Dan Lorentz of the Milwaukee Sentinel wrote that the film is violent and exploitative, but it will satisfy fans of Bronson; the Evil That Men Do on IMDb The Evil That Men Do at the TCM Movie Database The Evil That Men Do at AllMovie The Evil That Men Do at Rotten Tomatoes
Judy Kay "Juice" Newton is an American pop and country singer and musician. To date, Newton has received five Grammy Award nominations in the Pop and Country Best Female Vocalist categories - winning once in 1983 - as well as an ACM Award for Top New Female Artist and two Billboard Female Album Artist of the Year awards. Newton's other awards include a People's Choice Award for "Best Female Vocalist" and the Australian Music Media's "Number One International Country Artist." Newton has several Gold and Platinum records to her credit, including Juice, Quiet Lies and her first Greatest Hits album. During the 1980s, she charted 14 Top-10 hits across the Billboard Country, AC, Billboard Hot 100 charts, with many of the recordings achieving crossover success and six of the songs hitting the No. 1 position. Newton was born on February 18, 1952, in Lakehurst, New Jersey, graduated from First Colonial High School in Virginia Beach, Virginia, her mother encouraged her interest in music. After graduating from high school, Newton attended Foothill College in Los Altos Hills, where she played folk music in local coffeehouses.
She formed a folk-rock band with guitarist and songwriter Otha Young, played bars around northern California. In the early 1970s, Otha Young and Tom Kealey formed a band that would be called Juice Newton & Silver Spur, signed to RCA Records; the group released two albums for RCA in 1975 and 1976, scored only one charting country single with "Love Is a Word." The band was dropped by RCA joined Capitol Records in 1977, but disbanded shortly after releasing just one more album. In late 1977, Newton went solo and continued to record for Capitol, although Silver Spur would remain the name of her backup band until 1982; that year, Newton provided backing vocals for Bob Welch's platinum solo debut album on three tracks, including his hit "Ebony Eyes". In 1977, "It's a Heartache" became Newton's first solo record and a major hit in Mexico, where it was certified Gold. In 1978, Newton released the song in the United States, it became the first of her 11 "Hot 100" pop hits. In 1978, The Carpenters' version of the Newton/Young-penned song "Sweet, Sweet Smile" reached the Top 10 on both the Country and Adult Contemporary charts, #44 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart.
Newton's solo debut album, Well Kept Secret, was released in 1978 and stands as Newton's most rock-oriented record, to date. Neither the record nor its sole single "Hey Baby" charted, though Capitol Records proceeded to renew Newton's contract. Capitol's investment in Newton began to pay off in 1979, when Newton had her first Top-40 Country hit with "Let's Keep It That Way"; that year, the album Take Heart featured five modestly charting singles: "Until Tonight". The last became Newton's second top-40 single on the country charts in 1980, with "You Fill My Life" reaching No. 41 and "Until Tonight" reaching No. 42. Both of Newton's initial solo efforts performed with modest success but failed to have lasting impacts on the album charts. In 1981, Newton's third solo album titled Juice, was released, it spawned three consecutive Top-10 pop hits: "Angel of the Morning". A fourth single, "Ride'Em Cowboy," was lifted from Juice in 1984 to support Newton's first Greatest Hits album and reached the Top 40 of the Billboard Country chart.
Newton's video for "Angel of the Morning" was the first country-music video to air on MTV and the 40th video to air on the channel overall. Newton was the third female solo artist to be featured on MTV its first air date, after videos by Pat Benatar and Carly Simon. Juice went Triple-Platinum in Canada. "Angel of the Morning" and "The Sweetest Thing" each reached #1 on the Billboard Adult Contemporary chart, where Newton would chart for the next several years. In 1982, Newton received two Grammy nominations for Best Female Vocalist: one for "Angel of the Morning" in the Pop category, another for "Queen of Hearts" in Country; these two singles became her biggest sellers in the United States, each earning an RIAA Gold certification. The songs were sizable hits in Australia, the Netherlands and other countries. For example, "Angel of the Morning" peaked at No. 43 in the UK Singles Chart in May 1981. While "The Sweetest Thing" failed to receive a U. S. certification, the song's popularity propelled album sales from Gold to Platinum, the recording remained in the Top 40 for 18 weeksIn the spring of 1982 Newton released her fourth solo album, Quiet Lies, which sold 900,000 copies in the United States.
The album went platinum in Canada. From Quiet Lies came the Top 10 Pop and Adult Contemporary hit "Love's Been a Little Bit Hard on Me". "Break It to Me Gently" was the second single and hit #1 on the Billboard Adult Contemporary chart, #2 on the Billboard Country chart, as well as #9 in Cash Box and #11 on the Billboard Hot 100. The recording, a contemporary remake of a Brenda L
The Seattle Times
The Seattle Times is a daily newspaper serving Seattle, United States. It has the largest circulation of any newspaper in the state of Washington and in the Pacific Northwest region; the newspaper was founded in 1891 and has been controlled by the Blethen family since 1896. The Seattle Times Company owns local newspapers in Walla Walla and Yakima, it had a longstanding rivalry with the Post-Intelligencer until the latter ceased publication in 2009. The Seattle Times originated as the Seattle Press-Times, a four-page newspaper founded in 1891 with a daily circulation of 3,500, which Maine teacher and attorney Alden J. Blethen bought in 1896. Renamed the Seattle Daily Times, it doubled its circulation within half a year. By 1915, circulation stood at 70,000; the newspaper moved to the Times Square Building at 5th Avenue and Olive Way in 1915. It built a new headquarters, the Seattle Times Building, north of Denny Way in 1930; the paper moved to its current headquarters at 1000 Denny Way in 2011. The Seattle Times switched from afternoon delivery to mornings on March 6, 2000, citing that the move would help them avoid the fate of other defunct afternoon newspapers.
This placed the Times in direct competition with its Joint Operating Agreement partner, the morning Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Nine years the Post-Intelligencer became an online-only publication; the Times is one of the few remaining major city dailies in the United States independently operated and owned by a local family. The Seattle Times Company, while owning and operating the Times owns three other papers in Washington, owned several newspapers in Maine that were sold to MaineToday Media; the McClatchy Company owns 49.5 percent of voting common stock in the Seattle Times Company held by Knight Ridder until 2006. The Times reporting has received 10 Pulitzer Prizes, most for its breaking news coverage of the 2014 landslide that killed 43 people in Oso, Wash, it has an international reputation for its investigative journalism, in particular. In April 2012, investigative reporters Michael Berens and Ken Armstrong won the Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting for a series documenting more than 2,000 deaths caused by the state of Washington's use of methadone as a recommended painkiller in state-supported care.
In April 2010, the Times staff won the Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News Reporting for its coverage, in print and online, of the shooting deaths of four police officers in a Lakewood coffee house and the 40-hour manhunt for the suspect. In February 2002, The Seattle Times ran a subheadline "American outshines Kwan, Slutskaya in skating surprise" after Sarah Hughes won the gold medal at the 2002 Olympics. Many Asian Americans felt insulted by the Times' actions, because Michelle Kwan is American. Asian American community leaders criticized the subheadline as perpetuating a stereotype that people of color can never be American; the incident echoed a similar incident that happened with an MSNBC article during the Winter games in 1998, reported on by Times. The newspaper's Executive Editor at the time of the controversy, Mike Fancher, issued an apology in the aftermath of the controversial headline. On October 17, 2012, the publishers of The Seattle Times launched advertising campaigns in support of Republican gubernatorial candidate Rob McKenna and a state referendum to legalize same-sex marriage.
The newspaper's management said the ads were aimed at "demonstrating how effective advertising with The Times can be." The advertisements in favor of McKenna represent an $80,000 independent expenditure, making the newspaper the third largest contributor to his campaign. More than 100 staffers signed a letter of protest sent to Seattle Times Publisher Frank Blethen, calling it an "unprecedented act". From 1983 to 2009, the Times and Seattle's other major paper, the Hearst-owned Seattle Post-Intelligencer, were run under a "Joint Operating Agreement" whereby advertising, production and circulation were controlled by the Times for both papers; the two papers maintained their own identities with separate editorial departments. The Times announced its intention to cancel the Joint Operating Agreement in 2003, citing a clause in the JOA contract that three consecutive years of losses allowed it to pull out of the agreement. Hearst sued, arguing that a force majeure clause prevented the Times from claiming losses as reason to end the JOA when they result from extraordinary events.
While a district judge ruled in Hearst's favor, the Times won on appeal, including a unanimous decision from the Washington State Supreme Court on June 30, 2005. Hearst continued to argue that the Times fabricated its loss in 2002; the two papers announced an end to their dispute on April 16, 2007. This arrangement JOA was terminated; the Times contains different sections every day. Each daily edition includes Main News & Business, a NW section for the day and any other sections listed below. Friday: NW Autos. For decades, the broadsheet page width of the Times was 13 1⁄2 inches, printed from a 54-inch web, the four-page width of a roll of newsprint. Following changing industry standards, the width of the page was reduced in 2005 by 1 inch, to 12 1⁄2 inches, now a 50-inch web standard. In February 2009, the web size was further reduced to 46 inches, which narrowed the page by another inch to 11 1⁄2 inches in width; the Times'
Crossroads (1986 film)
Crossroads is a 1986 American coming-of-age musical drama film inspired by the legend of blues musician Robert Johnson. Starring Ralph Macchio, Joe Seneca and Jami Gertz, the film was written by John Fusco and directed by Walter Hill and features an original score featuring Ry Cooder and Steve Vai on the soundtrack's guitar, harmonica by Sonny Terry. Vai appears in the film as the devil's guitar player in the climactic guitar duel. Fusco was a traveling blues musician prior to attending New York University's Tisch School of the Arts, where he wrote Crossroads as an assignment in a master class led by the screenwriting giants Waldo Salt and Ring Lardner, Jr; the student screenplay won first place in the national FOCUS Awards and was sold to Columbia Pictures while Fusco was still a student. Seventeen year old Eugene Martone has a fascination for blues music while studying classical guitar at the Juilliard School for Performing Arts in New York City. Researching blues and guitar music brings famed Robert Johnson's mythically creative acclaim to his attention.
In his quest to find this song, he researches old archived newspaper clippings, learning that Johnson's longtime friend, musician Willie Brown, is alive and incarcerated for murder in a nearby minimum security hospital. Eugene goes to see the elderly man, he admits his identity after hearing Eugene play some blues. Willie says he knows the missing Robert Johnson tune in question but refuses to give it to Eugene unless the boy breaks him out of the facility and gets him to Mississippi, where he has unfinished business to settle. Eugene agrees and they head south; the boy soon realizes, that Willie is running minor scams such as claiming that he has more money than he has to cover their bus tickets. With no money, they end up "hoboing" from Memphis to rural Mississippi. During their quest and Willie experience the blues legacy of Robert Johnson first-hand, taking part in an impromptu jam session at a "jook joint", where Eugene is given the nickname "Lightning" by Willie because of his musical skill.
When Eugene jokingly suggests to Willie that he himself ought to "sell his soul to the Devil at the crossroads", Willie strikes him, angrily telling him he should never joke like that. The pair meet a girl fleeing her abusive step-father who hitchhikes with them, she and Eugene start a physical relationship. A few days she abandons them to continue her own journey, leaving Eugene heartbroken but with a deeper feeling for the blues. Heartbroken, he plays on an old Fender Telecaster guitar using a Pignose amplifier that Willie helped him buy. Willie confesses that there is no missing Johnson song, but tells the boy that he has proven himself far beyond what learning any blues song could teach him; when they reach a rural crossroads in the middle of nowhere in Mississippi, Willie reveals the ultimate secret. The Devil, "Scratch", shows up and says that the contract for Willie's soul is still valid if Willie is dissatisfied with how his life turned out. Eugene, steps into the conversation; the Devil offers a challenge: If Eugene can come to a special concert and win a guitar battle against his ringer guitarist Willie gets his soul back.
If Eugene loses Eugene forfeits his soul. Despite Willie's protests, Eugene agrees to the deal. Willie and Eugene are transported to a music hall, where metal-blues guitar master Jack Butler, who sold his soul for musical ability, is wowing the crowd with his prowess. Eugene, now understanding the situation, receives a mojo bag from Willie to hold in his pocket. Eugene matches Butler throughout their guitar duel, is able to win the battle by falling back on his classical training playing a Paganini arrangement and performing music that his opponent cannot match; the Devil tears up Willie's contract. Willie and Eugene are transported back to Mississippi, where they start walking again, talking of cities they plan to visit. Ralph Macchio as Eugene Martone Joe Seneca as Willie Brown Jami Gertz as Frances Joe Morton as Scratch's Assistant Robert Judd as Scratch Steve Vai as Jack Butler Dennis Lipscomb as Lloyd Harry Carey, Jr. as Bartender John Hancock as Sheriff Tilford Allan Arbus as Dr. Santis Gretchen Palmer as Beautiful Girl/Dancer Al Fann as Pawnbroker Wally Taylor as O.
Z. Tim Russ as Robert Johnson Tex Donaldson as John McGraw Guy Killum as Willie at 17 Akosua Busia as Woman at Boardinghouse Edward Walsh as Harley Terhune Allan Graf as Alvin The script was an original by John Fusco, who had long been interested in blues music, he had been warned by a doctor to rest his voice. In 1981 his girlfriend, working at a rest home, told him that an old black man with a harmonica had been admitted. Fusco went to visit him and on the way dreamt up a story about what would happen if the player was a legendary blues player; this gave him the idea for the story. He expanded on the myth of Robert Johnson selling his soul to the Devil at the crossroads. Coincidentally, Johnson was inducted to the inaugural class of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in January 1986, while the film was in production. Fusco
Shelton Jackson "Spike" Lee is an American film director, producer and actor. His production company, 40 Acres and a Mule Filmworks, has produced over 35 films since 1983, he made his directorial debut with She's Gotta Have It, has since directed such films as Do the Right Thing, Jungle Fever, Malcolm X, He Got Game, The Original Kings of Comedy, 25th Hour, Inside Man, Chi-Raq, BlacKkKlansman. Lee had starring roles in ten of his own films. Lee's films have examined race relations, colorism in the black community, the role of media in contemporary life, urban crime and poverty, other political issues, he has won numerous accolades for his work, including an Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, a Student Academy Award, a BAFTA Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, two Emmy Awards, two Peabody Awards, the Cannes Grand Prix. He has received an Academy Honorary Award, an Honorary BAFTA Award, an Honorary César, the Dorothy and Lillian Gish Prize. Lee was born in Atlanta, the son of Jacqueline Carroll, a teacher of arts and black literature, William James Edward Lee III, a jazz musician and composer.
Lee has three younger siblings, Joie and Cinqué, who all worked in many different positions in Lee's films. Director Malcolm D. Lee is his cousin; when he was a child, the family moved to New York. His mother nicknamed him "Spike" during his childhood, he attended John Dewey High School in Brooklyn's Gravesend neighborhood. Lee enrolled in Morehouse College, a black college, where he made his first student film, Last Hustle in Brooklyn, he took film courses at Clark Atlanta University and graduated with a B. A. in mass communication from Morehouse. He did graduate work at New York University's Tisch School of the Arts, where he earned a Master of Fine Arts in film & television. Lee's independent film, Joe's Bed-Stuy Barbershop: We Cut Heads, was the first student film to be showcased in Lincoln Center's New Directors/New Films Festival. In 1985, Lee began work on his first feature film, She's Gotta Have It. With a budget of $175,000, he shot the film in two weeks; when the film was released in 1986, it grossed over $7,000,000 at the U.
S. box office. Lee's 1989 film Do the Right Thing was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay in 1989. Many people, including Hollywood's Kim Basinger, believed that Do the Right Thing deserved a Best Picture nomination. Driving Miss Daisy won Best Picture that year. Lee said in an April 7, 2006, interview with New York magazine that the other film's success, which he thought was based on safe stereotypes, hurt him more than if his film had not been nominated for an award. After the 1990 release of Mo' Better Blues, Lee was accused of antisemitism by the Anti-Defamation League and several film critics, they criticized the characters of the club owners Josh and Moe Flatbush, described as "Shylocks". Lee denied the charge, explaining that he wrote those characters in order to depict how black artists struggled against exploitation. Lee said that Lew Wasserman, Sidney Sheinberg, or Tom Pollock, the Jewish heads of MCA and Universal Studios, were unlikely to allow antisemitic content in a film they produced.
He said he could not make an antisemitic film because Jews run Hollywood, "that's a fact". His 1997 documentary 4 Little Girls, about the children killed in the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing in Birmingham, Alabama, in 1963, was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Feature Documentary. On May 2, 2007, the 50th San Francisco International Film Festival honored Spike Lee with the San Francisco Film Society's Directing Award. In 2008, he received the Wexner Prize. In 2013, he won The Dorothy and Lillian Gish Prize, one of the richest prizes in the American arts worth $300,000. In 2015, Lee received an Academy Honorary Award from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences for his contributions to film. Lee directed and produced the MyCareer story mode in the video game NBA 2K16. Lee's film BlacKkKlansman, a drama thriller set in the 1970s, won the Grand Prix at the 2018 Cannes Film Festival, opened the following August, it received nominations for the Academy Award for Best Picture and Best Director, with Lee winning his first competitive Academy Award in the category Best Adapted Screenplay.
In 1991, Lee taught a course at Harvard about filmmaking, in 1993, he began to teach at New York University’s Tisch School of the Arts in the Graduate Film Program. It was there that he received his master of fine arts and was appointed artistic director in 2002, he is now a tenured professor at NYU. In mid-1990, Levi's began producing a series of TV commercials directed by Lee for their 501 button-fly jeans. Marketing executives from Nike offered Lee a job directing commercials for the company, they wanted to pair Lee's character, the Michael Jordan–loving Mars Blackmon, Jordan in a marketing campaign for the Air Jordan line. Lee was called on to comment on the controversy surrounding the inner-city rash of violence involving youths trying to steal Air Jordans from other kids, he said that, rather than blaming manufacturers of apparel that gained popularity, "deal with the conditions that make a kid put so much importance on a pair of sneakers, a jacket and gold". Through the marketing wing of 40 Acres and a Mule, Lee has directed commercials for Converse, Taco Bell, Ben & Jerry's.
Lee's films have examined race relations, colorism in the black community, the role of media in contemporary life, urban crime and poverty, other political issues. His films are noted for their unique stylistic elements, including the use of dolly shots to portray the characters "f
The Taking of Pelham One Two Three (1974 film)
The Taking of Pelham One Two Three is a 1974 American thriller film directed by Joseph Sargent, produced by Gabriel Katzka and Edgar J. Scherick, starring Walter Matthau, Robert Shaw, Martin Balsam and Héctor Elizondo. Peter Stone adapted the screenplay from the 1973 novel of the same name written by Morton Freedgood under the pen name John Godey; the film received critical acclaim and holds a rating of 100 percent on Rotten Tomatoes, based on 38 reviews. Several critics called it one of 1974's finest films and it was a box office success; as in the novel, the film follows a group of criminals taking the passengers hostage inside a New York City Subway car for ransom. Musically, it features "one of the best and most inventive thriller scores of the 1970s", it was again remade in 2009 as a theatrical film. In New York City, four men wearing similar disguises and carrying concealed weapons board the same downtown 6 train, Pelham 1-2-3, at different stations. Using their codenames Mr. Blue, Mr. Green, Mr. Grey and Mr. Brown, they take 18 people, including the conductor and an undercover police officer, hostage in the first car.
They park it down the tunnel below 28th Street. Communicating over the radio with Zachary Garber, a New York City Transit Authority police lieutenant, Blue demands a $1 million ransom to be delivered within one hour or he'll kill one hostage for every minute it is late. Green sneezes periodically, to which Garber always responds, "Gesundheit." Garber, his co-worker Lt. Rico Patrone, others cooperate while speculating about the hijackers' escape plan. Garber surmises. Conversations between the hijackers reveal. Just Grey shoots and kills a supervisor sent to investigate the stalled train; the ransom is transported uptown in a speeding police car that crashes well before it reaches 28th Street. As the deadline arrives, Garber bluffs Blue by telling him that the money has reached the station and just has to be walked down the tunnel to the train. Blue spares a hostage. A police motorcycle arrives with the ransom and two patrolmen carry the money down the tunnel. During the standoff, one of many police snipers in the tunnel shoots at Brown, the hijackers exchange gunfire with the police.
In retaliation, Blue kills the conductor. The money is divided among the hijackers. Blue orders Garber to restore power to the subway line. Garber warns. Before the process is complete, Green moves the train farther south; when Garber becomes alarmed, Blue explains that he wanted more distance from the police inside the tunnel. The hijackers override the dead-man's switch so that the train will run without anyone at the controls. Garber joins Inspector Daniels above ground; when the route is clear, the hijackers get off. As they make their way to the tunnel's emergency exit, the undercover officer jumps off the train and hides between the rails. Unaware that the hijackers left the train and Daniels drive south above the train's route. With no one at the controls, the train gains speed; the hijackers collect their disguises and weapons for disposal, but Grey refuses to surrender his gun, resulting in a stand-off with Blue, who shoots him dead. The undercover officer kills Brown. While Green escapes through the emergency exit onto the street, Blue exchanges fire with the officer.
Garber, contemplating the train's last suspicious movement, concludes that the hijackers defeated the dead-man feature and are no longer on board. He returns to where the train had stopped, enters the same emergency exit from street level, confronts Blue before he can kill the undercover officer. Blue commits suicide by placing his foot against the third rail. Meanwhile, Pelham 1-2-3 hurtles through the southbound tunnel; when it enters the South Ferry loop, its speed triggers the automatic safeties. It screeches to a halt, leaving the hostages safe. Since none of the three dead hijackers were a transit employee, Garber surmises that the survivor must be the one. Working their way through a list of discharged motormen and Patrone knock on the door of Harold Longman. After hastily hiding the loot, Longman lets them in, bluffs his way through their interrogation, complains indignantly about being suspected. Garber vows to return with a search warrant; as Garber closes the door behind him, Longman sneezes.
Garber says "Gesundheit". He gives Longman a caustic stare; the novel was published in February 1973 by Putnam, but Palomar Productions had secured the film rights and Dell had bought the paperback rights months earlier in September, 1972. The paperback rights sold for $450,000. Novelist Godey was a "subway buff." The novel and the film came out during the so-called "Golden Age" of skyjacking in the United States, from 1968 through 1979. Additionally, New York City was edging toward a financial crisis, crime had risen citywide (as depicted in the contemporaneous film Death Wish, the subway was perceived as neither safe nor reliable. At first the Metropolitan Transportation Authority refused to cooperate with the filmmakers. Godey's novel was more detailed about how the hijackers would accomplish their goal and recognized that the caper's success did not rely on defeating the “deadman feature” in the motorman's cab. Screenwriter Stone, made a fictional override mec
School Daze is a 1988 American musical comedy drama film and directed by Spike Lee, starring Larry Fishburne, Giancarlo Esposito, Tisha Campbell-Martin. Based in part on Spike Lee's experiences at Atlanta's Morehouse College, Spelman College, Morris Brown College and Clark Atlanta University, it is a story about fraternity and sorority members clashing with other students at a black college during homecoming weekend, it touches upon issues of colorism and hair texture bias within the African-American community. The second feature film by Spike Lee, School Daze was released on February 12, 1988 by Columbia Pictures. Vaughn "Dap" Dunlap is a politically conscious black American student at Mission College, a leading black college in Atlanta, Georgia whose motto is "Uplift the Race." The college administration is portrayed as inept. Dunlap leads anti-apartheid demonstrations encouraging students and school administrators to divest from South Africa; when his buddies go into town, they find the local boys are not impressed with their activities, but think of them as privileged college boys.
Open conflict breaks out between the groups. Dunlap feuds with Julian Eaves aka Dean Big Brother Almighty of Gamma Phi Gamma Fraternity, Incorporated; this group is characterized as "wannabees," as in "wannabe better than me." The fraternity brothers are preparing for Homecoming parties. Meanwhile, Dap's younger cousin, aka "Half-Pint," is a Gamma pledge; the Gamma women's auxiliary, the Gamma Rays, who are sleek and light-skinned, confront non-Greek black co-eds over skin color and the nature of their hair. Some of the Rays use contact lens to change eye color. Larry Fishburne as Vaughn "Dap" Dunlap Giancarlo Esposito as Julian "Dean Big Brother Almighty" Eaves Tisha Campbell as Jane Toussaint Kyme as Rachel Meadows Joe Seneca as President Harold McPherson Ellen Holly as Odrie McPherson Art Evans as Cedar Cloud Ossie Davis as Coach Odom Bill Nunn as Grady James Bond III as Monroe Branford Marsalis as Jordan Edward D. Bridges as Moses Kadeem Hardison as Edge Eric Payne as Booker T. Spike Lee as Darrell "Half-Pint" Dunlap Anthony Thompkins as Doo-Doo Breath Darryl M. Bell as Big Brother X—Ray Vision Joie Lee as Lizzie Life Alva Rogers as Doris Witherspoon Paula Brown as Miriam Jasmine Guy as Dina Samuel L. Jackson as Leeds Roger Guenveur Smith as Yoda Dominic Hoffman as Mustafa Cinqué Lee as Buckwheat Kasi Lemmons as Perry Adrienne-Joi Johnson as Cecilia Guy Killum as Double Rubber Cylk Cozart as Big Brother Dr. Feelgood Rusty Cundieff as Big Brother Chucky Tyra Ferrell as Tasha Leonard L. Thomas as Big Brother General Patton Cassi Davis as Paula Erik Dellums as Slim Daddy Gregg Burge as Virgil Cloyd Kirk Taylor as Sir Nose Monique Mannen as Monique "Mo-Freak" Leslie Sykes as Miss Mission Tanya Lynne Lee as Tanya Eartha Robinson as Eartha Toni Ann Johnson as Muriel Kevin Rock as Mussolini Phyllis Hyman as Phyllis Spike Lee arranged for the two groups of actors to stay in separate hotels during filming.
The actors playing the "wannabees" were given better accommodations than the ones playing the "jigaboos." This favoritism contributed to tension on the set, which showed in the on-camera animosity between the two camps. In School Daze, the method approach yielded strong results — the fight that occurs at the step show between Dap's crew and the Gammas was not in the script. On the day the scene was shot, the fight broke out between the two sides. Lee ordered the cameras to keep rolling. Officials of Morehouse and Clark Atlanta University asked Lee to stop filming on the campuses before he completed his work because the colleges' Boards of Directors had concerns on how he was portraying the black colleges in the film. Lee had to finish filming at the neighboring Morris Brown College; the film received positive reviews for its exploration of issues within the black community. Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times noted, "There is no doubt in my mind that'School Daze,' in its own way, is one of the most honest and revealing movies I've seen about modern middle-class black life in America."
He noted its frank exploration of issues of discrimination within the black community related to skin tone and nature of hair. He said. All of the characters and bad, are black, all of the character's references are to each other."On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 59%, based on 22 reviews, an average rating of 5.8/10. Kadeem Hardison, Darryl M. Bell, Jasmine Guy became principal cast members on The Cosby Show spin-off, A Different World — a TV series about life at a black college. Other School Daze cast members appeared on A Different World, including Dominic Hoffman, Tisha Campbell, Art Evans, Guy Killum and Roger Guenveur Smith. In 2009, Alicia Keys paid homage to School Daze in the music video for her song "Teenage Love Affair". "Da Butt," written by Marcus Miller and Mark Stevens, performed by the group E. U. hit number 35 on its Pop chart. The School Daze soundtrack features the song, "Be One," written by Bill Lee and performed by Phyllis Hyman, who appears in the film.
Black colleges and universities Colorism Stepping School Daze on IMDb School Daze at AllMovie School Daze at Rotten Tomatoes