Band of Brothers (miniseries)
Band of Brothers is a 2001 American war drama miniseries based on historian Stephen E. Ambrose's 1992 non-fiction book Band of Brothers; the executive producers were Steven Spielberg and Tom Hanks, who had collaborated on the 1998 World War II film Saving Private Ryan. The episodes first aired in 2001 on HBO; the series won Golden Globe awards in 2001 for best miniseries. The series dramatizes the history of "Easy" Company, 2nd Battalion, 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment, of the 101st Airborne Division, from jump training in the United States through its participation in major actions in Europe, up until Japan's capitulation and the war's end; the events are based on recorded interviews with Easy Company veterans. The series took literary license, adapting history for dramatic series structure; the characters portrayed. Some of the men were recorded in contemporary interviews, which viewers see as preludes to several episodes, with the men's real identities revealed in the finale; the title for the book and series comes from the St Crispin's Day Speech in William Shakespeare's play Henry V, delivered by King Henry before the Battle of Agincourt.
Ambrose quotes a passage from the speech on his book's first page. Band of Brothers is a dramatized account of "Easy Company", assigned to the United States Army's 101st Airborne Division during World War II. Over ten episodes the series details the company's exploits during the war. Starting with jump training at Camp Toccoa, Band of Brothers follows the unit through the American airborne landings in Normandy, Operation Market Garden, the Siege of Bastogne, on to the war's end, it includes the taking of the Kehlsteinhaus at Obersalzberg in Berchtesgaden and refers to the surrender of Japan. Major Richard Winters is the central character, shown working to accomplish the company's missions and keep his men together and safe. While the series features a large ensemble cast, each episode focuses on a single character, following his action; as the series is based on historic events, the fates of the characters reflect those of the persons on which they are based. Many either sustain serious wounds which lead to them being sent home.
Other soldiers rejoin their units on the front line. Their experiences, the moral and physical hurdles they must overcome, are central to the narrative; the series was developed chiefly by Tom Hanks and Erik Jendresen, who spent months detailing the plot outline and individual episodes. Steven Spielberg served as "the final eye" and used Saving Private Ryan, the film on which he and Hanks had collaborated, to inform the series. Accounts of Easy Company veterans, such as Donald Malarkey, were incorporated into production to add historic detail. Band of Brothers was at the time the most expensive TV miniseries to have been made by any network, until superseded by the series's sister show, The Pacific, its budget was an average of $12.5 million per episode. An additional $15 million was allocated for a promotional campaign, which included screenings for World War II veterans. One was held at Utah Beach, where U. S. troops had landed on June 6, 1944. On June 7, 2001, 47 Easy Company veterans were flown to Paris and travelled by chartered train to the site, where the series premiered.
Sponsoring was Chrysler, as its Jeeps were used in the series. Chrysler spent $5 million to $15 million on its advertising campaign, using footage from Band of Brothers; each of the spots was approved by the co-executive producers Hanks and Spielberg. The BBC paid £7 million as co-production partner, the most it had paid for a bought-in program, screened it on BBC Two, it was to have aired on BBC One but was moved to allow an "uninterrupted ten-week run", with the BBC denying that this was because the series was not sufficiently mainstream. Negotiations were monitored by British Prime Minister Tony Blair, who spoke to Spielberg; the series was shot over eight to ten months at Hatfield Aerodrome in England. Various sets, including replicas of European towns, were built; this location had been used to shoot the film Saving Private Ryan. Replicas were constructed on the large open field to represent twelve different towns, among them Bastogne, Belgium. North Weald Airfield in Essex was used for location shots depicting the take-off sequences before the D-Day Normandy landings.
The village of Hambleden, in Buckinghamshire, was used as a location extensively in the early episodes to depict the company's training in England, as well as in scenes. The scenes set in Germany and Austria were shot in Switzerland, in and near the village of Brienz in the Bernese Oberland, at the nearby Hotel Giessbach. To preserve historical accuracy, the writers conducted additional research. One source was the memoir of Easy Company soldier David Kenyon Webster, Parachute Infantry: An American Paratrooper's Memoir of D-Day and the Fall of the Third Reich; this was published by LSU Press, following renewed interest in World War II and 40 years after his death in a boating accident. In Band of Brothers Ambrose quoted liberally from Webster's unpublished diary entries, with permission from his estate; the production team consulted Dale Dye, a retired United States Marine Corps Captain and consultant on Saving Private Ryan, as well as with most of the surviving Company veterans, including Richard Winters, Bill Guarnere, Frank Perconte, Ed Hef
Bedford School is not to be confused with Bedford Girls' School, Bedford High School, Bedford Modern School or Old Bedford School in Bedford, Texas Bedford School is an HMC independent school for boys located in the county town of Bedford in England. Founded in 1552, it is the oldest of four independent schools in Bedford run by the Harpur Trust. Bedford School is composed of the Upper School. There are around 1,100 pupils, of whom a third are boarders. In 2014, James Hodgson succeeded John Moule as Headmaster, it has produced one Nobel Prize winner, recipients of the Victoria Cross, twenty-four rugby internationals, the winners of seven Olympic gold medals, educating leading personalities from fields as diverse as politics and the armed forces, the legal profession and sport. A school was established in Bedford as early as the thirteenth century, adjacent to St Paul's Church; the current Bedford School was established on 15 August 1552, when the Mayor, Bailiffs and Commonality of Bedford were, by letters patent issued by Edward VI, granted the right to establish a school, to provide "education and instruction of Boys and Youths in Grammar and Good Manners."
The driving force behind the establishment of the school was John Williams, Mayor of Bedford three times between 1546 and 1552, MP for Bedford between 1554 and 1555. Born in Bedford in c1519, Williams had purchased several hundred pounds of former monastic property in 1544-45 following the Dissolution of the Monasteries; this included the old schoolhouse, during Williams' first mayoralty, between 1546 and 1547, the Bedford church of St Peter Dunstable was demolished and the materials were utilised in carrying out repairs to the school. Shortly thereafter, William Harper and his wife, set out to provide funds for an educational endowment in perpetuity for the "poore chylders ther to be nurryshed and enformed"; the endowment included buildings in Bedford and thirteen acres of land acquired by Harper in Holborn. And so, conveying this endowment to the corporation of Bedford on 22 April 1566, Harper provided Bedford School with new buildings at its second location, in St Paul's Square, a house for the Headmaster, Edmund Greene.
Elected Lord Mayor of London in 1561 and knighted by Queen Elizabeth I in 1562, William Harper's coat of arms and crest included the eagle which remains a symbol for Bedford School. In the 1680s, as a consequence of London's rapid expansion in the late seventeenth century, the land in Holborn, with which William Harper had endowed Bedford School in 1566, was built upon; the rental value of the thirteen acres of land and three roods of meadow, purchased by Harper in 1564 for just £180 13s, soared and the future of Bedford School was assured. Harper's surname was changed to'Harpur' in 1764, nearly two centuries after his death; this was in the belief that the new spelling looked much better when used in a Latin inscription, still visible today, below the statue of Harper on the facade of the old school buildings in St Paul's Square. Whatever the truth of this story, in that same year, 1764, the Harpur Trust was formally created by Act of Parliament to administer Bedford School's endowment. James Surtees Phillpotts was appointed as the twenty-second Headmaster of Bedford School in 1874, at the age of thirty-five, he remained in that position until his retirement in 1903.
It was during his time as Headmaster that, on 29 October 1891, a procession of masters and old boys moved the school from its site in St Paul's Square to its third and far more spacious location in buildings constructed on land to the north of St Peter's Green. The new Main School Building, in Gothic Revival style, included a great hall with galleries opening to classrooms on the second and third floors; the ground floor included the Headmaster's study, the Bell Room, common rooms for masters and for monitors, as well as more classrooms. Access to the upper floors was by narrow staircases situated at each end of the building. Bedford School's Main School Building remained in this form until a disastrous fire on 3 March 1979 destroyed all but the west end where the Bell Room and the Headmaster's study were located. All that remained of the rest of the building was the brick shell, incorporated in the restored building; the restored Main School Building was opened on 10 September 1981. In the interim the school functioned in twenty-two temporary huts and by using the Howard and Craig buildings on the school estate.
In 2005, Bedford School was one of fifty of the country's leading private schools which were accused of running a price-fixing cartel which had allowed them to push up school fees. Each school was required to pay a nominal penalty of £10,000 and all agreed to make ex-gratia payments totalling £3 million into a trust designed to benefit pupils who attended the schools during the period in respect of which fee information was shared; the school estate has seen many developments over the past century, most the erection of two new buildings: the new Library in 2004, the new Music School in 2006. Work on the construction of a new school theatre is proceeding apace; the Main School Building built in 1891, is a Gothic Revival Grade II listed building. On the night of 3–4 March 1979, much of the building was gutted by fire as a result of arson; the internal structure of the building was destroyed and thirty classrooms were lost. All pupil records were saved but books and the large collection of portraits of former Headmasters were lost.
The school was in full operation on Monday 5 March. The integral structure of the walls
Doctors (2000 TV series)
Doctors is a continuing British medical soap opera which first broadcast in the United Kingdom on BBC One on 26 March 2000. Set in the fictional Midlands town of Letherbridge, defined as being in the city of Birmingham, the soap follows the lives of the staff of both a NHS Doctor's surgery and University Campus Surgery, as well as their families and friends. Doctors is produced by BBC Birmingham and is screened on BBC One, with the first episode broadcast on 26 March 2000, it was created with Mal Young developing it and Carson Black the original producer. The show has been shown at lunchtime since its inception at 12:30pm as a lead-in to the BBC's One O'Clock News. After it was temporarily moved to allow for extended news coverage of the 11 September 2001 attacks, its regular slot changed to 2:10pm, following directly after Neighbours, after ratings rose to a 25% audience share; when the BBC lost Neighbours to Channel 5 in January 2008, it moved into the Australian soap's old slot of 1:45pm.
For a brief trial period in Summer 2000, selected episodes from the first series were shown on Fridays at 7:00pm and from 16 February 2009, the show began transmitting in high definition on BBC HD at 4:00pm the same day. Doctors was produced and broadcast in blocks of episodes, ranging from blocks of 40 to 130 episodes in the first three years. For example, from season five in 2002 until January 2007, Doctors took lengthy breaks in transmission over the Summer for six weeks, to accommodate the length of transmission. However, the series' audience has developed and increased, prompting the BBC to commission Doctors as a year-round continuing series; the show breaks in the summer for the Wimbledon Championships held for two weeks, broadcasting of the Olympic Games and Easter period holidays and for bank holidays the FIFA World Cup and UEFA European Championship. On 26 March 2010, Doctors celebrated its 10th Anniversary and 1800th episode. Under the title Decade of Doctors, the BBC aired five-minute programmes about the show after each day's episode during the anniversary week.
On 16 February 2011, Doctors aired its 2,000th episode, extended and ran for 60 minutes. From 17 September 2012 for 5 days, special red button episodes aired after the regular show, focusing on the conclusion of the Harrison Kellor storyline, exploring Elaine Cassidy and her dealing with Harrison's change of plea for Lauren Porter's murder. On 10 September 2015, Doctors aired its 3,000th episode, The Heart of England, extended and ran for 60 minutes; until mid-2004, Doctors was filmed at the BBC's Pebble Mill studios in Birmingham. The show utilised space occupied by Pebble Mill at One; as Studio A had been mothballed a year before production started, the existing building had to be utilised for the show. The Pebble Mill foyer was used as a street frontage and sets such as the police station and The Lether Bar used other areas of the studio complex alongside the Riverside surgery. In the storyline, The Best Practice was introduced. Real houses were used for the homes of patients. After the closure of Pebble Mill, BBC Birmingham moved to a much smaller production base in Birmingham City Centre which had no studio space for the show.
In light of this, the show moved to the new BBC Drama Village development in Selly Oak, with the transition between locations achieved on screen by an explosion destroying the Riverside Health Centre, named after the series' original production home. Alongside the surgery, other regular locations include the police station, The Icon Bar and, since 2008, The Campus Surgery, after a storyline saw the practice take over the surgery at the fictional University of Letherbridge; the show's storylines dealt with the lives of staff and patients at the fictional Riverside Health Centre and its secondary location, The Best Practice. More stories are based on the replacement Mill Health Centre and Campus Surgery; the format of each episode sees the doctors and nurses of the practice meeting their patients both at the surgeries and on house calls and dealing with their medical complaint, alongside the continuing storylines. During the early years, many storylines revolved around the lead character of'Mac' and his complicated family life.
He rekindles his romance with his first wife, Julia Parsons, embarking on an affair with her, which leads to the departure of his second wife, Kate. Julia replaces Kate as practice manager.'Mac' remarries Julia. Their adult children appear in a number of storylines, including one where sexual assault is alleged against Liam McGuire; the marriage breaks down again. As'Mac' prepares to depart it is revealed that he has been having another affair, with his former second wife, who makes a brief reappearance as part of his exit storyline. In 2007, when more episodes were shown and there were fewer breaks in transmission, more storylines happened, including: receptionist Donna Parmar's breaking patient confidentiality and her sacking from the Mill, Dr Nick West's car crash and death and receptionist Vivien March's rape in 2008, which caused a stir in the media and received recognition at The British Soap Awards in 2009. With the departure of Dr Joe Fenton a new doctor was introduced, Dr Daniel Granger, the nephew of Dr Fenton.
One of the first storylines for the character involved his gambling addiction. 2009 saw the departure of long-standing major characters Ronnie and Bracken Woodson. In 2011, Black Country receptionist Karen Hollins fell pregnant and had an abortion, which saw a breakdown in her relationship with husband Rob
The British Broadcasting Corporation is a British public service broadcaster. Its headquarters are at Broadcasting House in Westminster, it is the world's oldest national broadcasting organisation and the largest broadcaster in the world by number of employees, it employs over 20,950 staff in total. The total number of staff is 35,402 when part-time and fixed-contract staff are included; the BBC is established under a Royal Charter and operates under its Agreement with the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture and Sport. Its work is funded principally by an annual television licence fee, charged to all British households and organisations using any type of equipment to receive or record live television broadcasts and iPlayer catch-up; the fee is set by the British Government, agreed by Parliament, used to fund the BBC's radio, TV, online services covering the nations and regions of the UK. Since 1 April 2014, it has funded the BBC World Service, which broadcasts in 28 languages and provides comprehensive TV, online services in Arabic and Persian.
Around a quarter of BBC revenues come from its commercial arm BBC Studios Ltd, which sells BBC programmes and services internationally and distributes the BBC's international 24-hour English-language news services BBC World News, from BBC.com, provided by BBC Global News Ltd. From its inception, through the Second World War, to the 21st century, the BBC has played a prominent role in British culture, it is known colloquially as "The Beeb", "Auntie", or a combination of both. Britain's first live public broadcast from the Marconi factory in Chelmsford took place in June 1920, it was sponsored by the Daily Mail's Lord Northcliffe and featured the famous Australian soprano Dame Nellie Melba. The Melba broadcast caught the people's imagination and marked a turning point in the British public's attitude to radio. However, this public enthusiasm was not shared in official circles where such broadcasts were held to interfere with important military and civil communications. By late 1920, pressure from these quarters and uneasiness among the staff of the licensing authority, the General Post Office, was sufficient to lead to a ban on further Chelmsford broadcasts.
But by 1922, the GPO had received nearly 100 broadcast licence requests and moved to rescind its ban in the wake of a petition by 63 wireless societies with over 3,000 members. Anxious to avoid the same chaotic expansion experienced in the United States, the GPO proposed that it would issue a single broadcasting licence to a company jointly owned by a consortium of leading wireless receiver manufactures, to be known as the British Broadcasting Company Ltd. John Reith, a Scottish Calvinist, was appointed its General Manager in December 1922 a few weeks after the company made its first official broadcast; the company was to be financed by a royalty on the sale of BBC wireless receiving sets from approved domestic manufacturers. To this day, the BBC aims to follow the Reithian directive to "inform and entertain"; the financial arrangements soon proved inadequate. Set sales were disappointing as amateurs made their own receivers and listeners bought rival unlicensed sets. By mid-1923, discussions between the GPO and the BBC had become deadlocked and the Postmaster-General commissioned a review of broadcasting by the Sykes Committee.
The Committee recommended a short term reorganisation of licence fees with improved enforcement in order to address the BBC's immediate financial distress, an increased share of the licence revenue split between it and the GPO. This was to be followed by a simple 10 shillings licence fee with no royalty once the wireless manufactures protection expired; the BBC's broadcasting monopoly was made explicit for the duration of its current broadcast licence, as was the prohibition on advertising. The BBC was banned from presenting news bulletins before 19.00 and was required to source all news from external wire services. Mid-1925 found the future of broadcasting under further consideration, this time by the Crawford committee. By now, the BBC, under Reith's leadership, had forged a consensus favouring a continuation of the unified broadcasting service, but more money was still required to finance rapid expansion. Wireless manufacturers were anxious to exit the loss making consortium with Reith keen that the BBC be seen as a public service rather than a commercial enterprise.
The recommendations of the Crawford Committee were published in March the following year and were still under consideration by the GPO when the 1926 general strike broke out in May. The strike temporarily interrupted newspaper production, with restrictions on news bulletins waived, the BBC became the primary source of news for the duration of the crisis; the crisis placed the BBC in a delicate position. On one hand Reith was acutely aware that the Government might exercise its right to commandeer the BBC at any time as a mouthpiece of the Government if the BBC were to step out of line, but on the other he was anxious to maintain public trust by appearing to be acting independently; the Government was divided on how to handle the BBC but ended up trusting Reith, whose opposition to the strike mirrored the PM's own. Thus the BBC was granted sufficient leeway to pursue the Government's objectives in a manner of its own choosing; the resulting coverage of both striker and government viewpoints impressed millions of listeners who were unaware that the PM had broadcast to the nation from Reith's home, using one of Reith's sound bites inserted at the last moment
Silent Witness is a British television crime drama series, produced by the BBC, which focuses on a team of forensic pathology experts and their investigations into various crimes. First broadcast in 1996, the series was created by Nigel McCrery, a former murder squad detective based in Nottingham. Twenty-two series of Silent Witness have been broadcast since 1996. Amanda Burton starred as primary character Dr. Sam Ryan before leaving the show during the eighth series. Since her departure the series has featured an ensemble cast consisting of Emilia Fox, David Caves, Liz Carr and Richard Lintern; the programme is broadcast in more than 235 territories, including ABC in Australia and the Knowledge Network in Canada, KRO in the Netherlands, TV One and Prime in New Zealand, BBC America in the United States. Silent Witness continues to achieve good audience ratings in the UK. In 2011, for example, Series 14 attracted an average audience of nine million viewers; the main character in the original series was based on Professor Helen Whitwell, a forensic pathologist based in Sheffield, whom McCrery had known while serving as a police officer.
The programme followed the activities of pathologist Sam Ryan, played by Amanda Burton, until she departed early in the eighth series. There was a succession of regular supporting characters, changing every series, but Dr Leo Dalton and Dr Harry Cunningham, who were introduced in the sixth series, continued as lead characters following Ryan's departure, with Dalton replacing her as professor. A new character, Dr Nikki Alexander, was introduced in the eighth series. While working as a forensic anthropologist, she appropriates facilities and software in the pathology department to analyse an Iron Age find, with the belated and begrudging approval of Dalton. Dr Alexander is able to assist in a set of cases being investigated by the team, as it turns out she has "worked in forensic pathology in Johannesburg for six months" and is certified by the Home Office to practise, she overcomes Leo's reluctance and, with Harry's support, is offered and accepts a position on the team. During the fifteenth series Dr Cunningham leaves to accept a position in New York City.
He is replaced by his assistant Clarissa Mullery. During the sixteenth series Dr Dalton is killed in an explosion, his replacement, Dr Thomas Chamberlain, is introduced at the start of the seventeenth series. Although the show focuses on areas of pathology, the police have a presence in each case. During series of the show detectives and investigators tend to differ from episode to episode, with guest artists appearing in these roles. However, during the early years of the show several characters appeared to investigate each case; the first three series were set in Cambridge. This changed to London from the start of the fourth series, following Sam as she took up an academic position; each series is made up of a series of two-part stories. The first nine series featured eight episodes, increased to ten episodes from the tenth series onwards. In 1998 the writer John Milne received an Edgar Award from the Mystery Writers of America for the second series episode "Blood and Tears". In the United States the series airs during'Mystery Monday' on BBC America.
The series airs in Norway under the title "Tause vitner" on the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation NRK and in Sweden on TV4 under the name "Tyst vittne". Both the Norwegian and Swedish titles are direct translations; the show is broadcast in the Netherlands by public broadcaster KRO, Belgium on VRT channel Canvas and in Finland on the Finnish Broadcasting Company Yle using the name "Hiljainen todistaja", a direct translation of the original title. The theme music featured in the series is performed by John Harle; the arrangement, for chamber orchestra and soprano saxophone solo, was first performed as part of the Canterbury Festival on 22 October 2011. The vocal section is performed by Sarah Leonard; the incidental music used in the series is written by the BAFTA-nominated composer Sheridan Tongue. In August 2012 the series came under criticism for being "unduly gruesome". Controversy was focused on the fifteenth-series episode Redhill, written by Ed Whitmore; the BBC responded with the following: As programme makers we take our responsibility to the audience seriously and try to make sure we strike the right balance between compelling drama without being unnecessarily graphic.
Towards the end of the first episode, we had established that DI Bridges and Officer Kessler had worked together and that he was the one much in control. The final scene was not an attempt to gratuitously shock the audience. We acknowledge that certain scenes may have been challenging, but we filmed and presented them in such a way as to make sure that although as a viewer the implication was there, it was never shown, and Silent Witness is now in its fifteenth series, we believe the general tone and content is recognised by its regular audience. It’s fair to say the show is known for tackling challenging stories and exploring adult themes and we don’t feel the content of these episodes would have gone beyond viewers' expectations; as well as scheduling the series after the watershed, we made sure the content was publicised and gave
The Office (UK TV series)
The Office is a British television mockumentary sitcom first broadcast in the UK on BBC Two on 9 July 2001. Created and directed by Ricky Gervais and Stephen Merchant, the programme follows the day-to-day lives of office employees in the Slough branch of the fictional Wernham Hogg paper company. Gervais stars in the series, playing the central character David Brent. Two six-episode series were made, along with a pair of 58-minute Christmas specials; when it was first shown on BBC Two, ratings were low, but it has since become one of the most successful of all British comedy exports. As well as being shown internationally on BBC Worldwide, channels such as BBC Prime, BBC America, BBC Canada, the series has been sold to broadcasters in over 80 countries, including ABC1 in Australia, The Comedy Network in Canada, TVNZ in New Zealand, the pan-Asian satellite channel STAR World, based in Hong Kong; the show was first shown in the United States on Cartoon Network's late night programing block Adult Swim on September 18, 2009.
The show centres on themes of social clumsiness, the trivialities of human behaviour, self-importance and conceit, frustration and fame. The success of the show led to a number of localised adaptations being produced for the television markets of other nations, resulting in an international Office franchise; the show is a mockumentary based in a branch of a large paper company called Wernham Hogg, in the Slough Trading Estate in Berkshire. Slough is a large town immortalised for its lack of appeal by John Betjeman in his poem "Slough"; the office is headed by general manager David Brent, aided by his team leader and Assistant to the Regional Manager Gareth Keenan, played by Mackenzie Crook. Much of the series' comedic success stems from Brent, who makes attempts to win favour with his employees and peers with embarrassing or disastrous results. Brent's character flaws are used to comic effect, including numerous verbal gaffes, inadvertent racism and sexism, other social faux pas; the other main plot line of the series, many of the more human elements found therein, come from the unassuming Tim Canterbury, whose relationship with bored receptionist Dawn Tinsley is a major arc in the series.
Their flirtation soon builds to a mutual romantic attraction, despite her engagement to dour and laddish warehouse worker Lee. A comparison between characters in different series is available here; the Office is a character-based comedy, portraying the people who work in an office environment. While being more of an ensemble piece than star-driven, four characters are the primary focus of the show: David Brent is the general manager of the Slough branch of Wernham Hogg paper merchants. Insecure, somewhat narcissistic, he believes he is a successful maverick in the business world and a Renaissance man, talented in philosophy and comedy. Although he thinks he is patient and popular, others perceive him as annoying and selfish, his immature behaviour comes across as he bumbles around the office – always hovering around the camera – telling unfunny jokes, performing hackneyed impressions, getting into trouble by talking before thinking. Brent thinks he is a kind, politically correct man, but his preoccupation with this position, the discrepancy between it and his patronising jokes, gets him into trouble.
Tim Canterbury is a sales representative at Wernham Hogg. Unlike David, Tim is considerate, his humour and kindness make him one of the most likeable employees in the office, but at 30 he still lives with his parents and works at a job he believes to be pointless. He maintains his sanity by pursuing an improbable romance with receptionist Dawn Tinsley and by playing practical jokes on Gareth. Although he wishes to leave Wernham Hogg to study psychology, his insecurity prevents him from taking any significant action. During Series One and Two, he fails to further pursue a relationship with Dawn. Chosen as David's successor at the end of series 2, he declines and lets Gareth take the position, however, does not keep him from playing pranks on Gareth. Gareth Keenan is enemy. Gareth is a humourless jobsworth with few good personality traits, he is obsessed with his military service in the Territorial Army and annoys Tim with his pretentious comments. He takes pride in being "Team Leader", not realising his title is meaningless, he imposes the little authority he has on his co-workers.
He is insensitive. Tim and Dawn insinuate homosexuality through questioning him about his military experience using double entendres. Proud of his close connections with David and glossing over David's poor treatment of him, he – during the Christmas special – gets back at David by patronising and humiliating him in front of the cameras. Dawn Tinsley is Brent's dogsbody, she has to put up with his attempts at humour and social interaction. Like her friend and co-worker Tim, she is aware of the sad state of her life – she has been in a long, rocky engagement with her fiancé Lee, a surly warehouse worker, gave up illustrating children's books to pursue her current fruitless career. During the Christmas special and Lee return from their illegally prolonged US vacation. Several other recurring characters, although not central to the episodes, play an important role in the series; these include: Keith Bishop: Keith works in the accounts department. Heavy set
Holby City is a British medical drama television series that airs weekly on BBC One. The series was created by Tony McHale and Mal Young as a spin-off from the established BBC medical drama Casualty, premiered on 12 January 1999, it is set in the same hospital as Casualty, in the fictional city of Holby, featured occasional crossovers of characters and plots with both Casualty and the show's 2007 police procedural spin-off HolbyBlue. Its first executive producers were Young and Johnathan Young, who were succeeded by Kathleen Hutchison from 2002 to 2004, Richard Stokes from 2004 to 2006, McHale from 2006 to 2010, Belinda Campbell from 2010 to 2011, Johnathan Young from 2011 to 2013, Oliver Kent from 2013 to 2017 and Simon Harper from 2017. Holby City airs once a week, all year round, each series now contains 52 episodes; the show follows the lives of ancillary staff at the fictional Holby City Hospital. It began with eleven main characters in its first series. New main characters have been both written in and out of the series since, with a core of around fifteen main actors employed on the serial at any given time.
In casting the first series, Young sought out actors who were well known in the television industry, something which has continued throughout the show's history, with cast members including Patsy Kensit, Jane Asher, Robert Powell, Ade Edmondson and John Michie. McHale was the show's lead writer for several years, was the first British writer to become the showrunner of a major prime time drama. Under his tenure as executive producer, attempts were made at modernising the programme and appealing to a younger audience by taking on the filmizing technique and introducing musical montage segments into each episode. Twenty series of Holby City have aired, the twenty-first began airing from 2 January 2019; the show has run for over 900 hour-long episodes. It is filmed at the BBC Elstree Centre in Hertfordshire, has featured special episodes filmed on location abroad. From October 2010, Holby City moved to high definition broadcasting. Holby City has attracted comparisons to other medical dramas unfavourable, figures within the television and entertainment industry including Broadcasting Standards Commission director Paul Bolt have accused the BBC of squandering the television licence fee on the programme.
The series employs a team of researchers to ensure medical accuracy, utilises surgeons from different disciplines to check scripts. Cast members are taught to perform basic medical procedures, given the opportunity to spend time on real hospital wards for research. Holby City has, been criticised for its lack of realism, with the British Medical Association denouncing its portrayal of organ donation and unrealistic impression of resuscitation, an accident and emergency nurse at the 2008 Royal College of Nursing conference accusing the show of fostering unrealistic expectations of the NHS and fuelling compensation culture. Holby City has been nominated for over 100 television awards, of which it has won ten: the 2008 British Academy Television Award for Best Continuing Drama, one BEFFTA Award, two Ethnic Multicultural Media Awards, two Music Video and Screen Awards, four Screen Nation Awards; the show's first series averaged 9.27 million viewers, but apart from a rise in its fifth series, ratings declined year-on-year until 2009, with the eleventh series averaging 5.44 million viewers.
The twelfth series saw a small rise to 5.62 million. Series have drawn over 4 million viewers per week; the show began with only eleven main characters in its first series, all of whom have since left the show. New main characters have been both written in and out of the series since, with a core of fifteen to twenty main actors employed on the serial at any given time. In casting the first series, Young sought out actors who were well known in the television industry, something which has continued throughout the show's history, with cast members including Patsy Kensit, Jane Asher, Robert Powell, Adrian Edmondson, Alex Walkinshaw and Jemma Redgrave. McHale was the show's lead writer for several years, was the first British writer to become the "showrunner" of a major prime time drama. Under his tenure as executive producer, attempts were made at modernising the programme and appealing to a younger audience by taking on the filmising technique and introducing musical montage segments into each episode.
Twenty complete series of Holby City have aired, an twenty-first began airing in January 2019. The show has run for over 600 hour-long episodes, it is filmed in studios at the BBC Elstree Centre in Hertfordshire, with the 1960s office building Neptune House being used for multiple exteriors and interiors in the series. It has featured special episodes filmed on location abroad. From October 2010, Holby City moved to high definition broadcasting. In September 2016, as part of the broadcaster's Compete Or Compare Strategy, the BBC confirmed the show would be one of the first put up for tender. In the tender released in October, it was confirmed the contract, open to independent producers and BBC Studios, would be for 3 series of a minimum 50 episodes per series, delivered from December 2017 with no break in transmission and produced from the existing production base at BBC Elstree Centre. BBC Studios was announced as the winning bidder and will continue to produce the show through to 2020. Holby City was created by Tony McHale and Mal Young as a spin-off from the BBC medical drama Casualty, set in the emergency department of the fictional Holby City Hospital.
Young wanted to explore what happened to patients treated in Casualty once t