America Football Club (Rio de Janeiro)
America Football Club, or America as it is called, is a Brazilian football club from Mesquita in Rio de Janeiro state, founded on September 18, 1904. The club competed in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A several times, winning the state championship seven times; the club's home stadium is the Estádio Giulite Coutinho, which has a capacity of 16,000. They play in white shorts and red socks; the football anthem composer Lamartine Babo was a supporter of America. America's mascot is a devil. America sponsors a beach American football team, the America Red Lions. On September 18, 1904, Alberto Koltzbucher, Alfredo Guilherme Koehler, Alfredo Mohrsted, Gustavo Bruno Mohrsted, Henrique Mohrsted, Jayme Faria Machado and Oswaldo Mohrsted founded America Football Club. In 1905, together with Bangu, Petrópolis and Futebol Atlético Clube founded Liga de Football do Rio de Janeiro, the first football federation of Rio de Janeiro. In 1913, the club won the state championship for the first time. For the 1971 season, the club competed in the national Championship's first edition, finishing in 11th place.
The yellow star just above their emblem represents their win in the Tournament of the Champions in 1982, a tournament organized by CBF to serve as a preview to the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A tournament. Flamengo declined the invitation so America, the team with the best record after the selected teams, was invited to fill the spot. America won the tournament by beating Guarani in overtime at Maracanã stadium. In 2006, America was the runner-up of Taça Guanabara. America played the final against Botafogo. In 2008, America suffered a major blow by being relegated to the Second Division of the Campeonato Carioca. However, they won the Second Division in 2009, thus being promoted to the first level in 2010. However, the club were relegated again in 2011 and continues playing the Second Division in 2015, returns to the elite of the Campeonato Carioca after five years vying for the Serie B, after beating the Americano. Third Stage of the Campeonato Carioca: 1955 Taça Jayme de Carvalho: 1976 Rio de Janeiro Extra Tournmanent: 1938 and 1952 Torneio Relâmpago: 1945 Taça Eficiência: 1936 Taça Disciplina: 1947, 1949, 1965, 1969, 1970 and 1983 Taça Fernando Loretti Jr. de Aspirantes: 1944 Torneio Ary Barroso: 1965*.
Imprensa Peruana: Quadrangular Sultana Del Valle: Quadrangular de Medellín: International Soccer League II Torneio Internacional Negrão de Lima: Taça TAP: Torneio Costa Dourada – Terragona: Torneio Quadrangular Presidente Costa e Silva: 1 Torneio Luís Viana Filho: 1 Campeonato Carioca de 2° Quadro: 6 times Amateur Campeonato Carioca: 2 times Campeonato Carioca Carioca de Aspirantes: 1968 Campeonato Carioca de Juniores: 6 times Campeonato Estadual de Juniores da Série B: Torneio Início de Juniores: 1953 Campeonato Carioca Carioca de Infanto-Juvenis: 2 times Campeonato Carioca Carioca de Infantil: 1981 Campeonato Carioca Carioca Especial de Infantil: 2012 Campeonato Carioca Carioca de Juvenis: 1991 Copa do Brasil de Juniores runners-up: 2001*Undefeated. **Torneio Extra Carlos Martins da Rocha. Women's team Campeonato Carioca de Futebol Feminino runneers-up:2007 According to the CBF register. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Luisinho Lemos: 311 Edu: 212 Maneco: 187 Plácido: 167 Carola: 158 Chiquinho: 102 America 1–4 Flamengo, 147.661, April 4, 1956 America 0–2 Fluminense, 141,689, June 9, 1968 America 1–2 Vasco, 121,765, January 28, 1951 America 1–0 Flamengo, 104,532, April 25, 1976 America 5–1 Flamengo, 102,002, April 1, 1956 America 2–1 Bonsucesso, 101.363, July 25, 1973 America 2–0 Fluminense, 100,635, March 17, 1956 America 2–1 Fluminense, 98,099, December 18, 1960 America 1–0 Fluminense, 97,681, September 22, 1974 America 0–1 Fluminense, 96,035, April 27, 1975 America 4–2 Benfica, 94,642, July 3, 1955 America 1–1 Flamengo, 93,393, May 19, 1969 One controversial aspect of the club is the official mascot: the Diabo, depicted as a red demon complete with horns, pointy beard, curled moustache, a long fat arrow-pointed tail, hooved feet and a black cape. The club's old stadium was nicknamed. In 2006 some of the club's fans, supported by then-manager Jorginho, an Evangelical Christian, attempted to replace the diabo with a bald eagle, claiming that the devil was "unlucky".
However, as the "diabo" is a traditional part of the club's story and with the original mascot the club conquered its greatest achievements and there was no change in the club's fortunes with the new mascot, the replacement was abandoned and it was considered that Jorginho's opinion was motivated by "religious fanaticism". America is the Brazilian club with the largest number of other clubs named after it, who copy its symbols; some of its clones include: América of Natal, América of São José do Rio Preto, América of Três Rios, América of Amazonas, América Futebol Clube, América of Ceará. Official Site History and fans Full information on Matches when America won titles Best attendances in matches of America
The J1 League is the top division of the Japan Professional Football League and the top professional association football J. League in Japan, it is one of the most successful leagues in Asian club football. The J1 League is the first level of the Japanese association football league system; the second tier is represented by the J2 League. It is sponsored by Meiji Yasuda Life and thus known as the Meiji Yasuda J1 League; until the 2014 season it was named the J. League Division 1. Before the inception of the J. League, the highest level of club football was the Japan Soccer League, which consisted of amateur clubs. Despite being well-attended during the boom of the late 1960s and early 1970s, the JSL went into decline in the 1980s, in general line with the deteriorating situation worldwide. Fans were few, the grounds were not of the highest quality, the Japanese national team was not on a par with the Asian powerhouses. To raise the level of play domestically, to attempt to garner more fans, to strengthen the national team, the Japan Football Association decided to form a professional league.
The professional association football league, J. League was formed in 1992, with eight clubs drawn from the JSL First Division, one from the Second Division, the newly formed Shimizu S-Pulse. At the same time, JSL changed its name and became the former Japan Football League, a semi-professional league. Although the J. League did not launch until 1993, the Yamazaki Nabisco Cup competition was held between the ten clubs in 1992 to prepare for the inaugural season. J. League kicked off its first season with ten clubs in early 1993. Despite the success in the first three years, in early 1996 the league attendance declined rapidly. In 1997 the average attendance was 10,131, compared to more than 19,000 in 1994; the league's management realized that they were heading in the wrong direction. In order to solve the problem, the management came out with two solutions. First, they announced the J. League Hundred Year Vision, in which they aim to make 100 professional association football clubs in the nation of Japan by 2092, the hundredth season.
The league encouraged the clubs to promote football or non-football related sports and health activities, to acquire local sponsorships, to build good relationship with their hometowns at the grass-root level. The league believed that this will allow the clubs to bond with their respective cities and towns and get support from local government and citizens. In other words, clubs will be able to rely on the locals, rather than major national sponsors. Second, the infrastructure of the league was changed in 1999; the league acquired nine clubs from the semi-professional JFL and one club from J. League to create a two division system; the top flight became the J. League Division 1 with 16 clubs while J. League Division 2 was launched with ten clubs in 1999; the former second-tier Japan Football League now became the third-tier Japan Football League. Until 2004, the J1 season was divided into two. At the end of each full season, the champion from each half played a two-legged series to determine the overall season winner and runners-up.
Júbilo Iwata in 2002, Yokohama F. Marinos in 2003, won both "halves" of the respective seasons, thus eliminating the need for the playoff series; this was the part of the reason the league abolished the split-season system starting from 2005. Since the 2005 season, J. League Division 1 consisted of 18 clubs and the season format became more similar to European club football; the number of relegated clubs increased from 2 to 2.5, with the 3rd-to-last club going into the promotion/relegation playoffs with the third-placed J2 club. Since other than minor adjustments, the top flight has stayed consistent. Japanese teams did not treat the AFC Champions League that in the early years, in part due to the distances travelled and teams played. However, in the 2008 Champions League, three Japanese sides made the quarter-finals. However, in recent years, with the inclusion of the A-League in Eastern Asia, introduction to the Club World Cup, increased marketability in the Asian continent, both the league and the clubs paid more attention to Asian competition.
For example, Kawasaki Frontale built up a notable fan base in Hong Kong, owing to their participation in the Asian Champions League during the 2007 season. Continuous effort led to the success of Urawa Red Diamonds in 2007 and Gamba Osaka in 2008. Thanks to excellent league management and competitiveness in Asian competition, the AFC awarded J. League the highest league ranking and a total of four slots starting from the 2009 season; the league took this as an opportunity to sell TV broadcasting rights to foreign countries in Asia. Starting from the 2008 season, the Emperor's Cup Winner was allowed to participate in the upcoming Champions League season, rather than waiting a whole year. In order to fix this one-year lag issue, the 2007 Emperor's Cup winner, Kashima Antlers' turn was waived. Nonetheless, Kashima Antlers ended up participating in the 2009 ACL season by winning the J. League title in the 2008 season. Three major changes were seen starting in the 2009 season. First, starting that season, four clubs entered the AFC Champions League.
Secondly, the number of relegation slots increased to three. The AFC Player slot was implemented starting this season; each club will be allowed to have a total of four foreign players.
2009 FIFA Confederations Cup
The 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup was the eighth Confederations Cup, was held in South Africa from 14 June to 28 June 2009, as a prelude to the 2010 FIFA World Cup. The draw was held on 22 November 2008 at the Sandton Convention Centre in Johannesburg; the opening match was played at Ellis Park Stadium in Johannesburg. The tournament was won by Brazil, who retained the trophy they won in 2005 by defeating the United States 3–2 in the final; the draw for the competition was held on 22 November 2008 at the Sandton Convention Centre in Johannesburg. Each team was represented in the draw by its competitor in the Miss World 2008 competition, except for Iraq, represented by Miss World 2007, Zhang Zilin, from China; the teams were divided into two pots: Pot A: South Africa, Italy, Spain Pot B: Egypt, New Zealand, United StatesTeams from the same confederation were not drawn into the same group, therefore Egypt was drawn into Group B. As result and Spain were drawn into different groups; the official match ball for the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup was the Adidas Kopanya.
The name means "join together" in Southern Sesotho, one of the 11 official languages of South Africa. The panel configuration of the ball is the same as that of the Teamgeist and Europass balls that came before it; the ball is white, accentuated with bold black lines and detailed with typical Ndebele designs in red, yellow and blue. Four cities served as the venues for the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup. All four venues were used for the 2010 FIFA World Cup. Port Elizabeth's Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium was chosen as a venue. On 8 July 2008, Port Elizabeth withdrew as a host city because its stadium was deemed unlikely to meet the 30 March 2009 deadline for completion; the Nelson Mandela Bay stadium was subsequently completed before the Confederations Cup and was opened on 7 June 2009. It acted as a venue for the 2009 Irish Lions tour to South Africa on 16 June. All of these stadia hosted matches during the Lions tour, but a minimum of nine days was allowed for pitch recovery between a rugby match and a Confederations Cup match.
The referees were announced on 5 May. Two referee teams withdrew due to injuries. Replacements from the same confederation, led by Benito Archundia and Pablo Pozo, were selected. Tie-breaking criteriaThe ranking of each team in each group was determined as follows:a) greatest number of points obtained in all group matches. Had two or more teams been equal on the basis of the above three criteria, their rankings would have been determined as follows: d) greatest number of points obtained in the group matches between the teams concerned. Source: FIFA Source: FIFA Luís Fabiano received the Golden Shoe award for scoring five goals. In total, 44 goals were scored with only one of them credited as own goal. 5 goals Luís Fabiano3 goals 2 goals 1 goal Own goal Andrea Dossena 2010 FIFA World Cup FIFA Confederations Cup South Africa 2009, FIFA.com 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup Official Site FIFA Technical Report
Carlos Alberto Parreira
Carlos Alberto Gomes Parreira is a Brazilian former football manager who holds the record for attending the most FIFA World Cup final tournaments as manager with six appearances. He managed Brazil to victory at the 1994 World Cup, the 2004 Copa América, the 2005 Confederations Cup, he most managed the South Africa national football team. Parreira supports Fluminense, he has won two league titles for the club: The First Division Brazilian Championship in 1984 and the Third Division in 1999. About the latter title, Parreira has said that this was the most important trophy of his career more so than Brazil's World Cup triumph, as the club he loved was facing near-bankruptcy and became close to extinction at the time. Parreira is one of two coaches that has led five national teams to the World Cup: Kuwait in 1982, United Arab Emirates in 1990, Brazil in 1994 and 2006, Saudi Arabia in 1998 and South Africa in 2010; the other coach, Bora Milutinović, reached this record when he led a fifth team in 2002.
Parreira was involved with the 1970 championship team for Brazil, which he claims was an inspiration for him to aspire to be a national football coach. In 1997, Parreira coached the MetroStars of the American Major League Soccer, he coached Fenerbahçe in Turkey and won a Turkish League Championship. Parreira was in charge of Corinthians in 2002, which gave him two of the most important national trophies of 2002: The Brazilian Cup and the Torneio Rio-São Paulo, besides being runner up at the Brazilian League; when coaching Saudi Arabia at the 1998 World Cup in France, he was fired after two matches, one of two managers to be sacked during the tournament. Parreira turned down offers to coach Brazil again between 1998 and 2002 World Cups. In end of 2000, when the team was in turmoil after firing Vanderlei Luxemburgo, he refused the post, stating that he did not want to relive the stress and pressure of winning the World Cup again. There were public cries again to replace Luiz Felipe Scolari for Parreira in July 2001 when Brazil lost two matches to Mexico and Honduras in its title defense at the 2001 Copa América in Colombia after last minute invitee Honduras defeated 2–0 and eliminated the favorite Brazil in quarter finals round on July 23, 2001.
Parreira only stated. After the 2002 World Cup, Parreira took part in drafting a technical report of the tournament, he was named coach along with Mario Zagallo as assistant director in January 2003, with the goal of defending their World Cup title in Germany 2006, but on July 1, 2006 Brazil was defeated and eliminated 0–1 by France in the quarterfinals. After Brazil's exit from the World Cup, Parreira was criticized by the Brazilian public and media for playing an outdated brand of football and not using the players available to him properly. Parreira subsequently resigned on July 19, 2006, he coached Brazil to victory in the 1994 FIFA World Cup and was the coach of the South Africa national football team until resigning in April 2008. On October 22, 2009 it was announced, he announced a verbal agreement with the South African Football Association on October 23, 2009. He resumed coaching South Africa in 2009 in time for the 2010 World Cup. In South Africa, his team drew with Mexico, 1–1, in the tournament opener, lost to Uruguay, 3–0, beat France, 2–1, to finish third in Group A.
After the France game, he tried to shake hands with French coach Raymond Domenech but the latter refused. On 25 June 2010 he announced his retirement as football coach. São Cristóvão Vasco da Gama Brazil Fluminense Brazil Kuwait Parreira has coached national squads in 23 games in FIFA World Cup finals. Parreira's coaching record is 10–4–9, his teams have scored 28 goals and conceded 32. Below is a list of all matches, along with their outcomes: 1982 FIFA World Cup 1990 FIFA World Cup 1994 FIFA World CupMain article: Brazil at the 1994 FIFA World Cup 1998 FIFA World Cup 2006 FIFA World Cup 2010 FIFA World Cup FluminenseSérie A: 1984 Série C: 1999FenerbahçeSüper Lig: 1995–96CorinthiansTorneio Rio – São Paulo: 2002 Copa do Brasil: 2002 KuwaitGulf Cup of Nations: 1982 AFC Asian Cup: 1980BrazilAmistad Cup: 1992 FIFA World Cup: 1994 Copa América: 2004 FIFA Confederations Cup: 2005Saudi ArabiaAFC Asian Cup: 1988South AfricaCOSAFA Cup: 2007 World Soccer Magazine World Manager of the Year: 1994 IFFHS World's Best National Coach: 2005 List of Brazil national football team managers
Real Madrid CF
Real Madrid Club de Fútbol referred to as Real Madrid, is a Spanish professional football club based in Madrid. Founded on 6 March 1902 as the Madrid Football Club, the club has traditionally worn a white home kit since inception; the word real is Spanish for "royal" and was bestowed to the club by King Alfonso XIII in 1920 together with the royal crown in the emblem. The team has played its home matches in the 81,044-capacity Santiago Bernabéu Stadium in downtown Madrid since 1947. Unlike most European sporting entities, Real Madrid's members have owned and operated the club throughout its history; the club was estimated to be worth €3.47 billion in 2018, it was the highest-earning football club in the world, with an annual revenue of €750.9 million in 2018. The club is one of the most supported teams in the world. Real Madrid is one of three founding members of La Liga that have never been relegated from the top division since its inception in 1929, along with Athletic Bilbao and Barcelona.
The club holds many long-standing rivalries, most notably El Clásico with Barcelona and El Derbi with Atlético Madrid. Real Madrid established itself as a major force in both Spanish and European football during the 1950s, winning five consecutive European Cups and reaching the final seven times; this success was replicated in the league, where the club won five times in the space of seven years. This team, which consisted of players such as Alfredo Di Stéfano, Ferenc Puskás, Francisco Gento, Raymond Kopa, is considered by some in the sport to be the greatest team of all time. In domestic football, the club has won 64 trophies. In European and worldwide competitions, the club has won a record 26 trophies. In international football, they have achieved a record seven club world championships. Real Madrid was recognised as the FIFA Club of the 20th Century on 11 December 2000, received the FIFA Centennial Order of Merit on 20 May 2004; the club was awarded Best European Club of the 20th Century by the IFFHS on 11 May 2010.
In June 2017, the team succeeded in becoming the first club to win back to back Champions Leagues made it three in a row in May 2018, extending their lead atop the UEFA club rankings. Real Madrid's origins go back to when football was introduced to Madrid by the academics and students of the Institución Libre de Enseñanza, which included several Cambridge and Oxford University graduates, they founded Sky Football in 1897 known as La Sociedad as it was the only one based in Madrid, playing on Sunday mornings at Moncloa. In 1900, conflict between members caused some of them to leave and create a new club, Nueva Sociedad de Football, to distinguish themselves from Sky Football. Among the dissenters were Julián Palacios, recognized as the first Real Madrid president, Juan Padrós and Carlos Padrós, the latter two being brothers and future presidents of Real Madrid. In 1901 this new club was renamed as Madrid Football Club. Following a restructuring in 1902, Sky was renamed as "New Foot-Ball Club".
On 6 March 1902, after a new Board presided by Juan Padrós had been elected, Madrid Football Club was founded. Three years after its foundation, in 1905, Madrid FC won its first title after defeating Athletic Bilbao in the Spanish Cup final; the club became one of the founding sides of the Royal Spanish Football Federation on 4 January 1909, when club president Adolfo Meléndez signed the foundation agreement of the Spanish FA. After moving between grounds the team moved to the Campo de O'Donnell in 1912. In 1920, the club's name was changed to Real Madrid after King Alfonso XIII granted the title of Real to the club. In 1929, the first Spanish football league was founded. Real Madrid led the first league season until the last match, a loss to Athletic Bilbao, meant they finished runners-up to Barcelona. Real Madrid won its first League title in the 1931–32 season and retained the title the following year, becoming the first team to win the championship twice. On 14 April 1931, the arrival of the Second Spanish Republic caused the club to lose the title Real and went back to being named Madrid Football Club.
Football continued during the Second World War, on 13 June 1943 Madrid beat Barcelona 11–1 in the second leg of a semi-final of the Copa del Generalísimo, the Copa del Rey having been renamed in honour of General Franco. It has been suggested Barcelona players were intimidated by police, including by the director of state security who "allegedly told the team that some of them were only playing because of the regime's generosity in permitting them to remain in the country." The Barcelona chairman, Enrique Piñeyro, was assaulted by Madrid fans. However, none of these allegations have been proven and FIFA and UEFA still consider the result as legitimate. According to Spanish journalist and writer, Juan Carlos Pasamontes, Barcelona player Josep Valle denied that the Spanish security forces came before the match. Instead, at the end of the first half, Barcelona coach Juan José Nogués and all of his players were angry with the hard-style of play Real Madrid was using and with the aggressiveness of the home crowd.
When they refused to take the field, the Superior Chief of Police of Madrid appeared, identified himself, ordered the team to take the field. Santiago Bernabéu Yeste became president of Real Madrid in 1945. Under his presidency, the club, its stadium Santiago Bernabéu and its training facilities Ciudad Deportiva were rebuilt after the Spa