Johann Andreas Benignus Bergsträsser

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Johann Andreas Benignus Bergsträsser (21 December 1732 in Idstein – 24 December 1812 in Hanau) was a German educator, philologist and entomologist.

He studied philology and theology at the universities of Jena and Halle, and in 1756–58 worked as a teacher at the orphanage in Halle an der Saale; in 1760 he was appointed rector at the Evangelical Lutheran gymnasium in Hanau. In 1775 he obtained the title of professor and became a member of the consistory.[1][2]

In 1784 he proposed a type of optical telegraph system to "connect" Leipzig with Hamburg.[2]

Selected works[edit]

  • Realwörterbuch über die classischen Schriftsteller (7 volumes. Halle, 1772–81) – Dictionary on the classical authors.[2]
  • Chronologiae historicae particula prima (-secunda), scholarum in usus concinnatae, qua ad solemnem lycei lustrationem... (Hanovre, 2 volumes, 1778).
  • Nomenclatur und Beschreibung der Insecten der Grafschaft Hanau-Münzenberg... (Hanau, three volumes, 1777–79) – Nomenclature and description of the insects of Hanau-Münzenberg.[1]
  • Jo. Andr. Benigni Bergstraesseri,... Icones papilionum diurnorum quotquot adhuc in Europa occurrunt descriptae... Decuria prima, oder Abbildungen und Beschreibungen aller bekannten europaeischen Tagfalter. Erstes Zehendt (Hanovre, 3 parts, 1779-1781).
  • Ueber sein am ein und zwanzigsten December. 1784 angekündigtes Problem einer Korrespondenz in ab- und unabsehbaren Weiten der Kriegsvorfälle, oder über Synthematographik... (Hanau, three volumes, 1785–88).
  • Ueber Signal-, Order- und Zielschreiberei in die Ferne... oder über Synthematographe und Telegraphe in der Vergleichung... (Francfort-sur-le-Main, 1795).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Aachen - Braniß edited by Rudolf Vierhaus
  2. ^ a b c ADB:Bergsträßer, Johann Andreas Benignus In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Band 2, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1875, S. 387–398.