St Ebbe's Church, Oxford
St Ebbe's is a Church of England parish church in central Oxford. The church is within the conservative evangelical tradition and participates in the Anglican Reform movement, it has members from many nations. The rector is Vaughan Roberts, an author and conference speaker; the church stands on the site of one dedicated to St Æbbe before 1005. Most sources suggest that this was the Northumbrian St Æbbe of Coldingham, but it has been suggested that Æbbe of Oxford was a different saint; the name was first recorded in about 1005 when the church was granted to Eynsham Abbey by Ealdorman Æthelmær the Stout, when it was recorded as the "ancient St Ebbe's". The present church was built in 1814–16, it was enlarged and improved in 1866 and 1904. A Norman doorway of the 12th century has been placed at the west end; the church is the parish church for the parish of St Ebbes, a portion of, demolished to make way for the nearby Westgate Shopping Centre in the 1970s. The church has a ministry among the remaining part of the parish, although most of its members live outside the parish.
The church is a partner church of a school within the parish. St Ebbe's continues to be active, with three meetings each Sunday at 9:45, 4:30 and 6:30, with the additional of a fourth 11:45 service during term-time. There are a range of mid-week groups. St Ebbe's is within the Conservative Evangelical tradition of the Church of England, it has passed resolutions to reject the ordination of women and/or female leadership. 15??-1550: Thomas Dobson 1550-1553: Ralph Rudde. P. Hathaway 1874-1877: Thomas Valpy French 1881: John Arkell 1901-1909: P. W. G. Filleul 1912-1926: John Stansfeld 1947–1952: Maurice Wood Principal of Oak Hill and Bishop of Norwich 1952–1964: Basil Gough 1964–1985: Keith Weston 1986–1998: David Fletcher 1998-present: Vaughan Roberts 1816: John Penson 1822-1824: William Wilson 1825: Henry Bliss 1826-1831: Henry Bulteel 1831-1837: William Champneys 1837-1842: H. B. Whitaker Churton 1847-1860: G. T. Cameron 1860-18??: S. Y. Grittith 1934-1936: Pat Gilliat 1950-1952: Edward Saunders 1952-1956: Michael Farrer 1955-1958: David Pytches 1957-1960: Peter Dawes 1958-1960: Brian Ringrose 1960-1963: Patrick Harris 1961-1964: James Spence 1963-1966: Anthony Baker 1964-1968: Gilbert Gauntlett 1966-1972: Simon Starkey 1968-1971: John Wesson 1971-1974: Robert Hope 1973-1976: Anthony Burdon 1974-1976: Peter Toon 1976-1980: Robert Key 1980-1983: David Banting 1983-1986: Kevin Scott 1988-1991: Timothy Hastie-Smith 1991-1998: Vaughan Roberts 1995-2001: David Gibb 1999-2003: Anthony Jones 2002-present: Pete Wilkinson 2003-2008: Julian Bidgood 2008-2012: Phil Jack 2009-present: Dave Reid 2010-2014: Suresh Menon 2013-2018: James Fletcher 2013-2017: Alistair Gibbs 2017-present: Joel Knight 2017-present: Matt Pope 2005-2008: Sam Allberry 2012-2013: Phil Jack 2015-present: James Poole 2016-present: John Miller 1979-1991: Jean Ritchie 1991-1993: Patricia Whelan Sherwood, Jennifer.
Oxfordshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. P. 292. ISBN 0-14-071045-0
Henley Royal Regatta
Henley Royal Regatta is a rowing event held annually on the River Thames by the town of Henley-on-Thames, England. It was established on 26 March 1839, it differs from the three other regattas rowed over the same course, Henley Women's Regatta, Henley Masters Regatta and Henley Town and Visitors' Regatta, each of, an separate event. The regatta lasts for five days ending on the first weekend in July. Races are head-to-head knock out competitions, raced over a course of 1 mile 550 yards; the regatta attracts international crews to race. The most prestigious event at the regatta is the Grand Challenge Cup for Men's Eights, awarded since the regatta was first staged; as the regatta pre-dates any national or international rowing organisation, it has its own rules and organisation, although it is recognised by both British Rowing and FISA. The regatta is organised by a self-electing body of Stewards, who are former rowers themselves. Pierre de Coubertin modelled elements of the organisation of the International Olympic Committee on the Henley Stewards.
The regatta is regarded as part of the English social season. As with other events in the season, certain enclosures at the regatta have strict dress codes; the Stewards’ Enclosure has a strict dress code of lounge suits for men. Entries for the regatta close at 6:00 pm sixteen days before the Regatta. In order to encourage a high quality of racing, create a manageable race timetable and to ensure that most crews race only once a day, each event has a limited number of places. Qualifying races are held on the Friday before the regatta; the regatta's Committee of Management decides at its absolute discretion which crews are obliged to qualify. The qualifying races take the form of a timed processional race up the regatta course, with the fastest crews qualifying. Times are released for non-qualifying crews only; this does not stop an enthusiastic band of unofficial timers with synchronised watches working out how fast their first round opposition might be. If it is apparent that there are a number of outstanding crews in an event, they may be'selected' by the Stewards, to prevent them from meeting too early in the competition.
The regatta insists that selection is not the same as seeding, the main difference being that there is no'rank order' as is the case in, for example, a tennis tournament. The draw is a public event that takes place in the Henley town hall at 3 pm on the Saturday before the regatta. For each event the names of all selected crews are placed on pieces of paper which are drawn at random from the Grand Challenge Cup; these crews are placed on pre-determined positions on the draw chart, as far apart as possible. The remaining qualifying crews are drawn from the cup, filling in from the top of the draw chart downwards, until all places have been filled; each event in the regatta takes the form of a knockout competition, with each race consisting of two crews racing side by side up the Henley course. The course is marked out by two lines of booms, which are placed along the river to form a straight course 2,112 metres long; the course is wide enough to allow two crews to race down with a few metres between them.
As such it is not uncommon for inexperienced steersmen or coxswains to crash into the booms costing their crew the race. The race begins at the downstream end of Temple Island, where the crews attach to a pair of pontoons; the race umpire will call out the names of the two crews and start them when they are both straight and ready. Each crew is assigned to row on either the'Bucks' or'Berks' side of the race course; the coxswains or steersmen are expected to keep their crew on the allocated side of the course at all times during the race, else they risk disqualification. The only exception is when a crew leads by a sizeable margin and is not deemed by the umpire to be impeding the trailing crew. There are several progress markers along the course. Intermediate times are recorded at two of them – "the Barrier" and "Fawley", in addition to the time to the finish; the regatta has official commentary, announced at these points along the course. The commentary is renowned for being unemotional and factual, with the commentator only allowed to announce the rate of striking, which crew is leading, the distance between the crews, the progress marker which the crews are passing.
Henley Royal Regatta has always been raced over a distance of ‘about one mile and 550 yards’ from Temple Island upstream towards Henley Bridge. However, four distinct courses have been used over the regatta's history, with smaller changes being made incrementally. Changes to the course have all been aimed at improving the prospects for safe racing; this ran from a point just upstream of Temple Island. At the first regatta in 1839, the finish line was Henley Bridge itself, but it was quickly realised that this had inherent problems. From 1840 onward the finish was moved downstream slightly. A grandstand was erected for their guests outside the Red Lion. Other spectators could watch from the adjacent roadway while those with carriages surveyed the scene from a vantage p
A. A. Casamajor
Alexander Alcée Casamajor was a British rower who won the Wingfield Sculls in six successive years and the Diamond Challenge Sculls at Henley Royal Regatta as well as being twice in the winning Grand Challenge Cup team. Casamajor was an amateur and won his first public sculling match at Barnes Regatta in 1852, he rowed for Wandle Club in 1855 when he won the Wingfield Sculls and Diamond Challenge sculls at Henley beating Herbert Playford in the final. He won Silver Goblets at Henley with Josias Nottidge beating W F Short and Edward Cadogan. In 1856, Casamajor helped Nottidge and Playford establish the London Rowing Club, becoming secretary; as a newly founded club, they were unable to enter Henley Royal Regatta in 1856, so its members competed as members of the Argonaut Club. Casamajor was in a coxed four with Nottidge, James Paine and Playford which won the Stewards' Challenge Cup and the Wyfold Challenge Cup. In 1856 at Henley he won the Diamonds beating C Stephens in the final and partnered Nottidge again in the Silver Goblets which they won over their colleagues Paine and Playford.
He won the Wingfield Sculls for Argonaut Club. In 1857 the London Rowing Club competed at Henley and won the Grand Challenge Cup and the Stewards' Cup with Casamajor in the crews. Though a sculler, Casamajor helped the club eight win the Grand Challenge Cup at Henley in 1857 and 1859 although on both occasions he showed extreme exhaustion, he won Diamonds in 1857. In 1858, Casamajor won the Diamond Challenge sculls with a row over and won Silver Goblets with Playford when they beat Edmond Warre and Arthur Lonsdale in the final in 1858. Casamajor helped the club eight win the Grand Challenge Cup and partnered Paine in the Silver Goblets in 1859 when they were runners-up to Warre and John Arkell. In 1860, he won Silver Goblets partnering W Woodbridge, he won the Wingfield sculls with a row over in 1857, 1858, 1859 and 1860. In 1861, he won the Diamond Challenge Sculls. Casamajor died from a broken blood vessel at the age of 28, a month after winning at Henley and three days before the date of the Wingfield Sculls and the race was postponed in tribute.
He won 45 races of 60 in which he took part, was never beaten in a public event. Casamajor was rowing correspondent of The Field. A tribute in Hunts Yachting Magazine noted "THIS gentleman's sudden death on Wednesday Aug 7th caused great regret amongst the rowing men on the Thames and a large circle of friends His kindly disposition gained him the esteem of all parties with whom he came in contact duriug his long and successful career as the Champion Sculler on the Thames and the aquatic editor of DeWs Life himself an oracle on boating says His wonderful prowess as an oarsman and sculler and unflinching pluck at once directed attention to the boat in which he was pulling a match and without disparagement to his predecessors and contemporaries we may pronounce him to have been one of the best scullers that have appeared." Casamajor had a distinctive sculling style with a long swing back with straight arms and a stiff back until the blades came out of the water of their own accord. As a result he pulled himself up on the blades at the start of the recovery so that his technique was considered inferior to contemporaries such as Herbert Playford.
However, he had great strength and his technique was effective, it being noted that on an occasion when he rowed out of style he was down at the start, although he went on to win when he reverted to his long stroke
Portishead is a coastal town on the Severn Estuary, close to Bristol, but within the unitary authority of North Somerset, which falls within the ceremonial county of Somerset, England. It has a population of around 25,000, with a growth rate in excess of surrounding towns. Portishead has a long history as a fishing port; as a Royal Manor it expanded during the early 19th century around the docks, with supporting transport infrastructure. A power station and chemical works were added in the 20th century, but the dock and industrial facilities have since closed and been redeveloped into a marina and residential areas. Portishead was the telephone control centre used by British Telecom for non-direct dialled calls to maritime vessels, a service known as Portishead Radio; the town's population is expanding, Portishead is now a dormitory town for Bristol and its environs, although a range of service industries has grown up. The headquarters of both Avon and Somerset Constabulary and Avon Fire Brigade are in Portishead.
The name Portishead derives from the "port at the head of the river". It has been called Portshead and Portschute at times in its history and Portesheve in the Domesday Book, was locally known as Posset; the town’s recorded history dates back to Roman times, although there is evidence of prehistoric settlement, including polished flint axe heads. There were Iron Age settlements in the area, of which Cadbury Camp was the largest. Other sites that have been identified include a 1,200 by 600 feet site, successively occupied by the Romans and Danes. There is some evidence that it may have been the western end of the Wansdyke, an early medieval or Roman boundary with a series of defensive linear earthworks extending to the Savernake Forest near Marlborough in Wiltshire. After the Norman conquest the manor was held by the Bishop of Coutances and reverted to the crown, after which William II gave it to a merchant from Bristol known as Harding and to his son Robert Fitzharding who became Lord of Berkeley.
The Berkeley family held it for generations until it passed by marriage to the Cokes of Holkham in Norfolk. In the 14th century it belonged to Everard le Frenshe. In 1621 the Bristol Corporation purchased large portions of land in Portishead and revived the Manor Court; the rights of the corporation over the manor was disputed but they held it until 1836 when they sold it for £8,050. The parish of Portishead was part of the Portbury Hundred; the town was built on the mouth of a small tributary of the Severn Estuary near the mouth of the River Avon. The old pill or jetty provided protection for craft against the Bristol Channel's large tidal range, iron rings can be seen in the high street at which fishing boats used to moor, its position meant Portishead was used to guard the "King Road", as the waters around the headland are called. In 1497 it was the departure point for John Cabot on the Matthew. A fort was built on Battery Point, was used during the English Civil War when the town supported the Royalists, but surrendered to Fairfax in 1645.
Guns were placed at Battery Point during World War II. The King Road was the site of a naval action in 1758 when HMS Antelope captured HMS Belliqueux, one of a French squadron returning from Quebec. A mill was built on Welhay stream but this was replaced by tidal mills. In the 17th century the City of Bristol bought the manors of North Weston and Portishead for access to the channel and as a place to stay outside of the city and, in the 19th century, as a seaside resort. An outer sea wall was built allowing the local marshes to be drained and increased the land available for farming; the dominant architecture is early Victorian, with some buildings maintaining their original features. The expansion in residential property coincided with the construction of the dock and the rail link to Bristol; the Royal Hotel by the pier was built in a Tudor Gothic style in 1830, to provide accommodation and catering for travellers on the steamers from Bristol and Ireland. The Act of Parliament governing the enclosure of Portishead was passed in 1814, stipulated the right to a public wharf, although there is historical evidence of nautical connections dating back to the Patent Rolls of 1331.
Around the 1860s, at the height of the iron and steel era, a pier and a deep-water dock were built by the Bristol & Portishead Pier and Railway to accommodate the large ships that had difficulty in reaching Bristol Harbour. They exported local products overseas. Ships carrying coal were commonplace in Portishead Docks. In the 1880s Portishead Dock was acquired by Bristol Corporation, was subsequently managed as part of the Port of Bristol until its closure; the Portishead power stations were coal-fed power stations built next to the dock. Construction work started on Portishead "A" power station in 1926, it began generating electricity in 1929 for the Bristol Corporation's Electricity Department. In 1937 its original six short chimney stacks were replaced by a 350 ft high stack. A second 350 ft stack was added when the power station was expanded in 1948. Construction of Portishead "B" power station began in 1949; the power stations became part of the nationalised electricity industry after 1949, were operated in turn by the British Electricity Authority, the Central Electricity Authority and the CEGB.
They used some local coal produced in the Somerset coalfield, delivered by train along the Portishead branch of the Great Western Railway. The line had opened on 12 April 1867 as Railway Company; the main supply of coal was imported by boat from N
In rowing, stroke is the action of propelling the boat with oars, a rower seated closest to the stern of the boat. The stroke side is the port side of the boat; the stroke is the set of actions to propel the boat, comprises two main parts - the drive when pressure is applied through the oars to pull the boat through the water, the recovery when the oars are lifted out of the water and returned to the start position. When the boat has more than one rower, the rower closest to the stern of the boat is referred to as "stroke"; this is the most important position in the boat, because the stroke rower sets the stroke rate and rhythm for the rest of the crew to follow. Stroke seat has to be a calm and yet competitive individual. A good stroke will lead a team by bringing the best out of every rower in the boat; the rower at the opposite end of the boat is referred to as bow. Dudley Storey, double Olympic medallist for New Zealand and the country's national coach, describes the required qualities of a stroke as follows: Stroke side refers to the port side of the boat, on the left-hand side of a cox facing forwards, but on the right-hand side of a rower facing backwards.
The usage derives from the tradition of having the stroke rower's oar be on the port side of the boat. However, the stroke seat oar in a sweep boat does not always emerge from port side, such as when the boat is starboard rigged. In Cornish pilot gigs, the stroke rower's oar is on the starboard side and therefore stroke side refers to the starboard side of the boat
Edmond Warre was an English rower and Head Master of Eton College from 1884 to 1905. Warre was born near Milverton, Somerset, he was educated at Eton, where he was an exact contemporary of Algernon Charles Swinburne, at Balliol College, where he had a distinguished university career, taking a double first. He was an outstanding oarsman and at Eton he won the School Pulling for coxed pairs. At Oxford, he went Head of the River with Balliol in 1855 and 1859, won the University Sculls and Pairs in 1855-56 and the University Fours in 1856 and 1858, was Oxford University Boat Club president in 1858, he rowed for Oxford in the tideway Boat Races of 1857 and 1858. He won the Silver Goblets at Henley Royal Regatta in 1857 partnering Arthur Lonsdale. Warre and Lonsdale were runners up in 1858 but Warre won Silver Goblets again in 1859 partnering John Arkell, he rowed at Henley in the Diamond Challenge Sculls, Ladies' Challenge Plate, Grand Challenge Cup between 1855 and 1859. In 1859 Warre was elected a Fellow of All Souls Oxford.
In 1860 he returned to Eton as an assistant master, in 1884 became Head Master, a position which he retained until 1905. He took much interest in sport at Eton, the high standard of rowing which the Eton eights attained was due in a large measure to his coaching, his 45 years' connexion with Eton identified him with its traditions and ideals, without being remarkable either as a scholar or as a teacher, he wielded a personal influence, surpassed. After a period of retirement he was in 1909 appointed as Provost of Eton in succession to James John Hornby, but during the greater part of his provostship ill health prevented him from taking any active part in the government of the school, he was an honorary chaplain to Queen Victoria, occupied the same office in the households of King Edward VII and King George V. He was appointed a member of the Royal Victorian Order in 1901, a Companion of the Order of the Bath in the 1905 Birthday Honours, a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order in 1910. Warre married Florence Dora Malet and died at Eton at the age of 82.
His son Felix Warre rowed in the University Boat Race and at Henley. The historian C. R. L. Fletcher wrote a biography of Edmond Warre. List of Oxford University Boat Race crews This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Warre, Edmond". Encyclopædia Britannica. London & New York. Card, Tim. "Warre, Edmond". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/36751. The Rowers of Vanity Fair E Warre Works written by or about Edmond Warre at Wikisource
Oxford University Boat Club
Oxford University Boat Club is the rowing club of the University of Oxford, located on the River Thames at Oxford. The club was founded in the early 19th century. OUBC's boat house on the Isis burnt down in 1999 and much archival material, including photographs, was lost. OUBC now rows from its new purpose-built boat house in Wallingford, south of Oxford, following a successful fundraising appeal from 2004 to 2007; the boathouse was designed following a limited competition by Tuke Manton Architects LLP. The club has the use of the Redgrave Pinsent Rowing Lake in south Oxfordshire for training purposes, along with the GB Rowing squad and University College Oxford Boat Club; the club races against the Cambridge University Boat Club in The Boat Race on the Thames in London each year, with the Oxford boat based at the Westminster School Boat Club. Oxford's team are referred to as the "Dark Blues", it has featured medal-winning Olympic coxes. OUBC was one of five clubs which retained the right until 2012 to appoint representatives to the Council of British Rowing.
The others were Leander Club, London Rowing Club, Thames Rowing Club and Cambridge University Boat Club. List of Oxford University Boat Race crews Rowing on the River Thames University rowing OUBC website