John Bacon (Loyalist)
John Bacon, was a leader of the Pine Robbers, a band of Loyalist guerrilla fighters who hid out in the Pine Barrens of south-central New Jersey and preyed upon Patriots toward the end of the American Revolutionary War. The group was responsible for the October 1782 Long Beach Island Massacre, which occurred after hostilities between the United States and Great Britain had been put on hold pending treaty negotiations, he and his band were relentlessly pursued thereafter. Bacon was killed the following March while resisting capture. John Bacon's origins are not known, he first appeared in public documents in 1775 as a shingler in Monmouth County, Province of New Jersey required to appear in local court for unpaid debts. Bacon had two sons who resided with him in Pemberton, New Jersey. Bacon purportedly served at one point in the Patriot militia, but subsequently joined with the Loyalist side, he became a member of the "Board of Associated Loyalists" an organization of associators, chartered by King George III and overseen by William Franklin, British royal governor of the New Jersey Colony.
Franklin chose Bacon as the military leader of the "Pine Robbers", a guerrilla-style fighting unit which financed its operations through war-time plunder. The organization's purpose was to seize supplies from the Patriots. Bacon fulfilled the organization's mission by raiding ground transports, depots and Patriot homes. Bacon and his band of marauders were involved in the October 1782 Long Beach Island Massacre, the following December were in a skirmish at the Cedar Bridge Tavern in New Jersey. Bacon's subsequent death several months after this engagement is characterized as the last casualty of the American Revolutionary War. Manahawkin, New Jersey militiamen had heard rumors that Bacon and his men, now known as "The Refugees," were planning to raid the town; the local militia met on December 30, 1781 at Capitan Reuben Randolph's home to plan the town's defense. On the morning of December 31, Bacon and his men, totaling between 30 and 40, arrived from the direction of Barnegat Township. Before the militiamen were organized and his men opened fire, killing Lines Pangbon and wounding Sylvester Tilton.
On October 25, 1782, Bacon conspired with a Loyalist sympathizer, working on the offloading of cargo from a cutter which had become stranded at Barnegat Shoals, to hijack the operation. He and his band stealthily murdered 19 men in their sleep, including Militia Captain Andrew Steelman; this attack, occurring after formal hostilities between the United States and Great Britain had paused because of peace negotiations, was considered so atrocious that Governor William Livingston put a bounty of fifty pounds on Bacon's head. A gun battle involving Bacon and his men near the Cedar Bridge Tavern, on the Jersey Shore, was the last documented conflict of the American Revolutionary War. In December 1782, Captain Richard Shreve, heading a Patriot force from Burlington, received word that Bacon and his troop were in the area, they came upon Bacon and his men as they were camped out near a tavern overlooking the Cedar Bridge crossing. The Refugees fired upon Shreve and his men as they approached Cedar Bridge, wounding him and three others.
Bacon was wounded along with four of his fighters. Several of his men, were captured; the battle came to be known as "The Affair at Cedar Bridge On March 31, 1783, Bacon was tracked down by armed forces of the new republic on Long Beach Island where he was spotted scavenging a shipwreck. A search party of six men, led by Captain John Stewart, was sent out to find Bacon, found at the Rose Tavern. Stewart wrestled him to the ground. Stewart stabbed Bacon with his bayonet and shot him, causing his death. Bacon's body was ceremoniously brought to Jacobstown, where the citizens were preparing a disrespectful burial in the middle of the road, when Bacon's brother arrived begging for a proper burial, his body was taken by his family to a cemetery in Arneytown. There is an annual re-enactment of the Affair at Cedar Bridge each December 27 at the Cedar Bridge Tavern
John L. Bacon
John L. Bacon was a civil engineer and Republican politician from California. Bacon was born in 1878 in Illinois. By 1914, he was in San Diego, he helped lay out the aquatic features of the San Diego Zoo. Bacon was elected mayor of San Diego, serving from 1921 to 1927. An important issue of the day was the construction of water projects to enable San Diego to grow and prosper. After problems with water development, as property valuations increased, confidence in Bacon declined enough that in 1928 Bacon declined to seek re-election. During and after his term as mayor, Bacon was president of Boulder Dam Association, a group that promoted funding for the construction of Hoover Dam, was seeking a share of Colorado River water for use by Southern California cities. Bacon died in 1961 in the city of San Diego. I would rather see 100 tourists come to San Diego, spend a month or a season, be busy every minute with healthful, outdoor entertainment, go back home to tell their relatives and neighbors that San Diego is the greatest town in America than to have 10,000 tourists come, stay 24 hours, go away "knocking" because they had a dull time
John Lement Bacon
John Lement Bacon was a Vermont banker and politician who served as State Treasurer. John L. Bacon was born in Chelsea, Vermont on June 18, 1862, he attended school in Chelsea, graduated from St. Johnsbury Academy. In 1881 he began a career in banking at the First National Bank of Chelsea of which his father was President, he became Cashier in 1883. A Republican, Bacon served as Orange County Treasurer from 1884 to 1885; when the National Bank of White River Junction was organized in 1886, Bacon relocated to Hartford and was appointed Cashier, held this position until his death. From 1891 to 1898 Bacon served as Hartford's Town Treasurer. From 1892 to 1893 he served in the Vermont House of Representatives, he was involved in several businesses, including the Ottaquechee Woolen Company and the Fairground Railroad Company. Bacon was elected state treasurer in 1898, served until 1906. At the time, Vermont's treasurer and secretary of state served as Vermont's insurance commissioners, Bacon was elected secretary, vice president and president of the National Convention of Insurance Commissioners.
After serving as state treasurer, Bacon continued his business career. In 1908 he was appointed chairman of the Appropriations Committee. Bacon died in Hartford on April 27, 1909, he was interred in a family vault at Hartford Point Cemetery. In Hartford Bacon purchased the house and farm that had once been owned by Lieutenant Governor Joseph Marsh, christened the property "Marshland." The home still stands and is today operated as the Quechee Inn at Marshland Farm