click links in text for more info

Enikő A. Sajti

Enikő A. Sajti is a Hungarian historian, full professor, professor emerita of Faculty of Arts, University of Szeged, she has been active in research of the relationship between Serbia & Croatia and Hungary for decades. She is a notable and respected scientist both around the world, she took M. A. degree in Russian Philology and History at the Attila József University, Faculty of Arts in 1967. She began her career as a high school teacher. In 1973 she started as a research fellow of the Department of Modern History at the Faculty of Arts, JATE, she became an associate professor, she was appointed to the head of the department, she acted as a head from 1985 until 1995. She was the deputy dean in charge of education at the Faculty of Arts, JATE from 1991 until 1994, she took candidate of History degree in 1984 and was awarded Doctor of Science degree in History in 2003. In 1998 she habilitated. In 1999 she was appointed to university professor of the Department of Modern History and Mediterranean Studies.

From 2001 until 2014 she acted as a subprogram leader of Modern history in the Doctoral School of History at the University of Szeged, she was a member of the Council of the Doctoral School of History and a VIP member of the doctoral school. She was an invited lecturer of the Interdisciplinary Doctoral School at the Faculty of Arts at the University of Pécs. In 2014 the honorific title of professor emerita was conferred upon her, she has done research abroad, in Belgrade and Novi Sad for several times. She presents her talks at several conferences and at the different science forums and she developed significant research and professional relationships, her working papers were issued in both national and international prestigious professional research scientific journals, 12 monographs and 150 scientific articles were published. Attila József University, Scientific Committee of the Faculty of Arts, secretary JATE, Faculty of Arts, Department of Modern History, head JATE, Scientific Committee of the Faculty of Arts, deputy chairperson JATE, Rehabilitation Committee, member JATE, Faculty of Arts, Deputy dean for Education University of Szeged, Faculty of Arts, Council of the Doctoral School of History, member Hungarian Society for Dissemination of Scientific Knowledge in Csongrád County, deputy chairperson Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Eastern European Complex Committee, member HAS, member of the Public Body Hungarian Historical Society, Board of Directors, deputy chairperson Századok, Member of the Scientific Redaction Múltunk – Advisory Board, member Council of the Regional Centre of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, History Commission Széchenyi Professor Scholarship Albert Szent-Györgyi Award, 2008 Teacher's Service Medal, 2013 Délvidék Kutatásáért Emlékérem, 2015 Gold Diploma Útkeresés.

A Jugoszláv Kommunista Párt nemzetiségpolitikai koncepciójának formálódása az 1920-as években. Századok, 1979/3. 376–420. Ismeretlen dokumentum az. Hadtörténelmi Közlemények, l985. XXXII. 426–456. Territoriale Revision und die Nationalitatenverhaltnisse. Ethnicity and Society in Hungary. Ferenc Glatz: Etudes Historiques Hongroises 1990 publiées á loccassion du XVII e Congrés International des Sciences Historiques par le Comité National des Historiens Hongrois. Budapest, 1990. 393–406. A háború elõtti évek. Lajos Serfõzõ: Szeged története. 4. 1919–1944. Serial editor Gyula Kristó. Szeged, 1994. 447–472. Changes in the Situation of the Hungarian Minority in Yugoslavia during the Period of Royal Dictatorship Chronica. Annual of the Institut of History University of Szeged. 2001. Volume 1. 128–152. Az impériumváltás hatása a délvidéki magyarok társadalomszerkezetére. Limes, 2002. 2. Sz. 41–50. Impériumváltás, magyarellenes megtorlások, kitelepítések és a konszolidáció feltételeinek kialakulása a Délvidéken 1944–1947.

Századok, 2002. 136. Évf. 1061–1114. The former ‘Southlands’ in Serbia: 1918–1947; the Hungarian Quarterly. Volume 47. No. 181. Spring 2006. 111–124. Ötvenhatos menekültek Jugoszláviában. A magyar-jugoszláv hazatelepítési bizottságok tevékenysége 1956–1957-ben. In.: Az 1956-os forradalom visszhangja a szovjet tömb országaiban. Évkönyv, XIV. 2006–2007. Budapest, 1956-os Intézet. 2007. 201–212. A „kommunizmus mostohagyermekei”: a magyar kisebbség elleni megtorlások a Délvidéken – a kutatás eredményei és kérdőjelei. Létünk. Társadalom, tudomány, kultúra. Forum Könyvkiadó, Újvidék, XXXVIII.évfolyam, 20008. 3. Szám. 28–42. Egy kommunista káder a külügyben 1945–1948: Rex József. Forrás, 41. Évf, 2009. 7–8. Szám. 89–109. „Én ezeket magamtól meg sem írtam volna...” Katolikus egyházi források a magyarok elleni partizánmegtorlásokról a Bácskában. In: Gecsényi, Lajos – Izsák, Lajos: Magyar történettudmány az ezredfordulón. Glatz Ferenc 70. Születésnapjára. ELTE Eötvös Kiadó – MTA Társadalomkutató Központ, Budapest, 2011. 567–575.

Háború, kisebbségpolitika, megtorlás: magyarok és szerbek 1941–1945. Élet és Irodalom, 2011. Year 55, No. 36 3–4. 12. O. A magyar vagyonok kisajátítása, államosítása Jugoszláviában 1945 után. Eksproprijacija i nacionalizacija mađarske svojine u J

Alexander II of Scotland

Alexander II was King of Scotland from 1214 until his death. He concluded the Treaty of York which defined the boundary between England and Scotland unchanged today, he was born at Haddington, East Lothian, the only son of the Scottish king William the Lion and Ermengarde of Beaumont. He spent time in England before succeeding to the kingdom on the death of his father on 4 December 1214, being crowned at Scone on 6 December the same year. In 1215, the year after his accession, the clans Meic Uilleim and MacHeths, inveterate enemies of the Scottish crown, broke into revolt. In the same year Alexander joined the English barons in their struggle against John of England, led an army into the Kingdom of England in support of their cause; this action led to the sacking of Berwick-upon-Tweed as John's forces ravaged the north. The Scottish forces reached the south coast of England at the port of Dover where in September 1216, Alexander paid homage to the pretender Prince Louis of France for his lands in England, chosen by the barons to replace King John.

But King John having died, the Pope and the English aristocracy changed their allegiance to his nine-year-old son, forcing the French and the Scots armies to return home. Peace between Henry III, Louis of France, Alexander followed on 12 September 1217 with the Treaty of Kingston. Diplomacy further strengthened the reconciliation by the marriage of Alexander to Henry's sister Joan of England on 18 June or 25 June 1221. In 1222 Jon Haraldsson, the last native Scandinavian to be Jarl of Orkney, was indirectly implicated in the burning of Bishop Adam at his hall at Halkirk by local farmers when this part of Caithness was still part of the Kingdom of Norway. A contemporary chronicler, Boethius the Dane blamed Haraldsson for the bishop's death. After the Jarl swore oaths to his own innocence, Alexander took the opportunity to assert his claims to the mainland part of the Orkney jarldom, he visited Caithness in person, hanged the majority of the farmers while mutilating the rest. His actions were applauded by Pope Honorius III, a quarter of a century he was continuing to receive commendation from the Vatican, as in the reward of a bull from Celestine IV.

During the same period, Alexander subjugated the hitherto semi-independent district of Argyll. Royal forces crushed a revolt in Galloway in 1235 without difficulty. Soon afterwards a claim for homage from Henry of England drew forth from Alexander a counter-claim to the northern English counties; the two kingdoms, settled this dispute by a compromise in 1237. This was the Treaty of York, which defined the boundary between the two kingdoms as running between the Solway Firth and the mouth of the River Tweed. Alexander's first wife Joan of England died in March 1238 in Essex, was buried in Dorset. Alexander married his second wife, Marie de Coucy, the following year on 15 May 1239. Together they had one son, the future Alexander III, born in 1241. A threat of invasion by Henry in 1243 for a time interrupted the friendly relations between the two countries. Alexander now turned his attention to securing the Western Isles, which were still part of the Norwegian domain of Suðreyjar, he attempted negotiations and purchase, but without success.

Alexander set out to conquer these islands but died on the way in 1249. This dispute over the Western Isles known as the Hebrides, was not resolved until 1266 when Magnus VI of Norway ceded them to Scotland along with the Isle of Man; the English chronicler Matthew Paris in his Chronica Majora described Alexander as red-haired: taunted King Alexander, because he was red-headed, sent word to him, saying,'so shall we hunt the red fox-cub from his lairs. Alexander attempted to persuade Ewen, the son of Duncan, Lord of Argyll, to sever his allegiance to Haakon IV of Norway; when Ewen rejected these attempts, Alexander sailed forth to compel him, but on the way he suffered a fever at the Isle of Kerrera in the Inner Hebrides. He was buried at Melrose Abbey, he was succeeded by the seven-year-old Alexander III of Scotland. Alexander II had two wives: 1. Joan of England, was the eldest legitimate daughter and third child of John of England and Isabella of Angoulême, she and Alexander II married on 21 June 1221, at York Minster.

Alexander was 23. Joan was 11, they had no children. Joan was Alexander's 3rd cousin. Joan died in Essex in 1238, was buried at Tarant Crawford Abbey in Dorset. 2. Marie de Coucy, who became mother of Alexander III of Scotland, she was Alexander's third cousin once removed by their common ancestor Hugh, Count of Vermandois. He had an illegitimate daughter Marjorie, who married Alan Durward. Alexander II has been depicted in historical novels: Sword of State by Nigel Tranter; the novel depicts Patrick II, Earl of Dunbar. "Their friendship withstands treachery and rivalry". Child of the Phoenix by Barbara Erskine; the Decameron by Giovanni Boccaccio. Day the Second: Third Stor

Vladimir Karpov

Vladimir Vasilyevich Karpov was a Soviet soldier, writer of historical novels and public figure. He was awarded the hero of the Soviet Union for bravery in World War II. Karpov was born in Orenburg, moved to Tashkent as a child, he graduated from the Tashkent Military academy in 1941 when he was middleweight boxing champion of Uzbekistan. He was repressed in 1941 and transferred to a punishment battalion on the Kalinin Front in 1942, he was promoted to lieutenant. He was awarded the Hero of the Soviet Union in 1944 for capturing 79 prisoners. After the war, Karpov attended the Frunze Military Academy and served in Central Asia, retiring as a regimental commander and chief of staff of a division in 1966. Karpov started writing in 1945 and graduated from the Maxim Gorky Literature Institute via a correspondence course in 1954. From 1966 he was editor of the magazine Oktyabr in Uzbekistan and became editor of the magazine Novy Mir between 1981 and 1986. From 1986 to 1991, he was 1st secretary of the USSR Union of Writers.

Karpov is buried in Troyekurovskoye Cemetery. Hero of the Soviet Union Order of Lenin Order of the October Revolution Order of the Red Banner Order of the Patriotic War 1st class Order of the Red Star Medal "For Courage" Medal "For Battle Merit" Order of the Red Banner of Labour campaign and jubilee medals In English The Commander, Brassey's Inc, 1987. Russia at War, Vendome Press, 1987. (Introduction by Karpov «Маршальский жезл. Опала». «Генералиссимус», в 2 томах, – a Biography of Joseph Stalin "Маршал Баграмян "Мы много пережили в тиши после войны" memoirs of Ivan Bagramyan Hronos in Russian in Russian Portrait

Carina Moberg

Carina Elisabeth Moberg was a Swedish social democratic politician, leader of her party's group in the Riksdag from 2011 to 2012, when she was replaced by Mikael Damberg. She had been an MP representing Stockholms län since 1994. Before entering Parliament she was a physiotherapist. In the Riksdag, she was Group Leader of the Social Democratic Party and Deputy Chair of the Nominations Committee, she sat on the Advisory Council on Foreign Affairs and the Riksdag Board. She was an official guest at the 2010 wedding of Crown Princess Victoria, accompanied by Johnny Ahlqvist, her political priorities included gender equality in employment. Carina Moberg at the Riksdag website

Satoyama Kōsaku

Satoyama Kōsaku is a retired professional sumo wrestler from Ōshima, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. A former amateur sumo champion at Nihon University, he entered professional sumo in 2004 and first reached the top makuuchi division in 2007, his highest rank was maegashira 12. He spent much of his career in the jūryō and makushita divisions, won a yusho or tournament championship in each, he won promotion back to the top division in 2014 after a seven-year and 37-tournament absence, the longest ever. He was a member of Onoe stable, he retired in November 2018 and is an elder of the Japan Sumo Association under the name of Sanoyama. A former amateur sumo champion at Nihon University, Satoyama made his professional debut in March 2004, joining Mihogaseki stable alongside his team-mate at Nichidai Sumo Club, Shiraishi, he was attracted to the stable because of his admiration for Onoe Oyakata, himself a former amateur champion. He was somewhat overshadowed by Shiraishi and Baruto, who made their jūryō division debuts together in September 2005.

However, Satoyama was still regarded, despite his short height and light weight. He made his way up the ranks, recording only one make-koshi along the way to sekitori status, which he achieved in January 2006 upon promotion to the jūryō division. In September 2006 Satoyama, Baruto and a number of other wrestlers scouted by Onoe Oyakata joined his newly created Onoe stable. In March 2007 Satoyama won the jūryō division championship or yūshō with a 12–3 record and he entered the top makuuchi division for the first time in May 2007 at maegashira 12, where he scored seven wins against eight losses. After a poor 2–13 record in July he was demoted back to jūryō. Restricted by a neck injury, he had two more losing scores in September and November 2007, pushing him towards the bottom of the second division. In January 2008 he won only two bouts in the first 11 days, although he won his last four matches to finish on a 6–9 score, it was not enough to prevent demotion to the third makushita division. Satoyama produced a 2–5 score in March 2008, 3–4 in May, meaning he had chalked up seven consecutive losing scores.

In July 2008 he returned to form and won the makushita championship with a 6–1 score after an eight-way playoff, defeating his 232 kg stablemate Yamamotoyama Ryūta in the final. It was his first kachi-koshi or winning score since his jūryō division championship in March 2007; however he could manage only two wins in each of his next two tournaments. Remaining stuck in the makushita ranks, he became a tsukebito, or personal attendant, to Baruto. However, in the July 2011 basho he scored 5–2 at makushita 6 which returned him to jūryō for the first time in 21 tournaments, his score of 7–8 in September was enough to keep him in the second division, but not the 6–9 that followed in November. However he achieved his majority of wins against losses in the January 2012 basho, coming from 0–3 down to score 4–3, this was enough to return him to jūryō. In the January 2014 tournament Satoyama returned to the top division for the first time since July 2007; the 37 tournament gap between appearances in makuuchi is the most in sumo history, breaking the record of 28 tournaments held by Wakanoyama.

However, he only lasted two tournaments before being demoted. He was promoted to the top division in July 2015 and again in March 2016, but a kachi-koshi or majority of wins in a makuuchi tournament continued to elude him, he maintained his sekitori status until September 2017, when he was demoted to makushita for the first time since 2012. For the next year he recorded solid results in the third division but was unable to gain promotion and he announced his retirement after a 4-3 result in November 2018. Satoyama retired after the November 2018 tournament, he has stayed with the Japan Sumo Association as a coach at his stable under the borrowed elder name of Sanoyama Oyakata. His danpatsu-shiki, or official retirement ceremony, was held on 29 September 2019 at the Ryōgoku Kokugikan, on the same day as Kisenosato's. At 1.76 m and 119 kg Satoyama was one of the smallest sekitori and had to rely on technical skill to defeat his heavier opponents. According to his Japan Sumo Association profile Satoyama favoured yotsu-sumo, fighting on the mawashi or belt.

His preferred grip was listed as hidari-yotsu, with his right hand outside and left hand inside his opponent's arms. He is known for his underarm shitatenage. However, his most common winning kimarite was oshi-dashi, or push out. Satoyama was married in September 2012 and the wedding reception was held the following February, with Kitanoumi and Hakuho among the 500 guests, his wife has an amateur sumo background, is a former winner of the Women's Asian Championships. List of sumo tournament second division champions Glossary of sumo terms List of past sumo wrestlers List of sumo elders Satoyama Kōsaku's official biography at the Grand Sumo Homepage