John Barber was an English coal viewer and inventor. He was born in Nottinghamshire, but moved to Warwickshire in the 1760s to manage collieries in the Nuneaton area. For a time he lived in Camp Hill House, between Hartshill and Nuneaton, lived in Attleborough, he patented several inventions between 1766 and 1792, of which the most remarkable was one for a gas turbine. Although nothing practical came out of this patent, Barber was the first man to describe in detail the principle of the gas turbine, in recent years a working model based on Barber's specification has been built. In 1791 Barber took out a patent which contained all of the important features of a successful gas turbine. Planned as a method of propelling a "horseless carriage", Barber's design included a chain-driven, reciprocating gas compressor, a combustion chamber, a turbine. Barber's turbine was used to burn gas obtained from wood, oil, or other substances, heated in a retort or producer, from where the gases were conveyed into a receiver and cooled.
Air and gas were to be compressed in different cylinders and pumped into an "exploder" where they were ignited, the mixture of hot gas being played against the vanes of a paddle wheel. Water was to be injected into the explosive mixture to cool the mouth of the chamber and, by producing steam, to increase the volume of the charge. Barber's concept was sound, but given the technology of that day, it was not possible for the device to create sufficient power to both compress the air and the gas and produce useful work; the credit for the idea that leads to the modern gas turbine can be given to John Barber. In 1972 the Bonn firm Kraftwerk-Union AG showed a working model of Barber's turbine at the Hannover Fair. Sir Frank Whittle in England patented 1930 a design for a gas turbine for jet propulsion; the first successful use of this engine was in April, 1937. His early work on the theory of gas propulsion was based on the contributions of most of the earlier pioneers of this field including John Barber.
History of the internal combustion engine H. S. Torrens, ‘Barber, John ’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 29 July 2016 Cook, Alan F.. "JOHN BARBER – The Inventor Of The Gas Turbine: A Potted History". Nuneaton & North Warwickshire Family History Society – Journal: 10. Retrieved 9 March 2008. Davey, Norman; the Gas Turbine – Development and Engineering. Watchmaker Publishing. P. 206. ISBN 1-929148-20-8
David Comyn was an Irish language revivalist from Kilrush parish in County Clare. He is best known as co-founder of the Society for the Preservation of the Irish Language and as editor of the Gaelic Journal. David Comyn, son of John Comyn and Keat Hassett, was baptised in Kilrush parish on 14 May 1854, he moved to Dublin to work as a bank clerk in the National Bank. He threw in all his energies in support of the movement, started in the 1870s, to preserve the Irish language. From that time to his death, in 1907, he laboured zealously in its behalf, in the Gaelic Union and other kindred bodies, he was a Member of the Royal Irish Academy, first editor of the Gaelic Journal, edited and annotated portion of Geoffrey Keating's History of Ireland, for the Irish Texts Society of London. He left his manuscripts as a gift to the National Library of Ireland. By 1901, he was living at 43 Brighton Square in Rathmines, he died on 22 January 1907 at his home at 43 Brighton Square in Dublin and was buried in Glasnevin Cemetery.
He left an estate of £4,464 12s. 9d. Gaelscoil Uí Choimín in his native parish is named in his honour. COIMÍN, Dáithí le Diarmuid Breathnach agus Máire Ní Mhurchú Comyn, David by Paul Rouse, in Dictionary of Irish Biography "David Comyn" by Br. Seán McNamara, reproduced from the Clare County Express in the Clare Association Yearbook 1993. Dáithí Coimín agus Aontacht na Gaeilge le Breandán Ó Conaire in Studia Hibernica No. 29, pp. 117–156. Dáithí Ó Coimín agus bunú Irisleabhar na Gaeilge: Cuid a h-aon agus Cuid a dó le Breandán Ó Conaire i gComhar, Iml. 39, Uimh 4, pp. 10-15 agus Uimh 5, pp. 21-26. Location of Irish Scholar's House, Clare Champion, 18 June 1993, p. 10 Geoffrey Keating Foras Feasa ar Éirinn: the history of Ireland D. Comyn and PS Dineen 4 vols. Irish Texts Society
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1728, adopted unanimously on December 15, 2006, after reaffirming all resolutions on the situation in Cyprus Resolution 1251, the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus for six months until June 15, 2007. The Security Council called on both Cyprus and Northern Cyprus to urgently address the humanitarian issue of missing persons, it noted the Secretary-General Kofi Annan's assessment that the security situation was stable and the situation along the Green Line was calm. Both sides were urged to refrain from actions. Council members appreciated the work of the Under-Secretary-General Ibrahim Gambari in concluding an agreement outlining the principles of a bi-federal, bi-communal federation for a settlement of the dispute, it welcomed crossings of Greek to the north and Turkish Cypriots to the south and the opening of additional crossing points, including Ledra Street. There was concern that opportunities for public debate about the future of the island had become fewer, the resolution reaffirmed the Council's responsibility to bring about a comprehensive settlement of the conflict.
Furthermore, demining progress in the Nicosia area was welcomed along with UNFICYP's efforts to extend demining into Turkish Forces minefields. The resolution went on to welcome the efforts the contributions of Greece and Cyprus to the peacekeeping operation, efforts relating to the prevention of HIV/AIDS in the peacekeeping mission. Extending UNFICYP's mandate, the resolution praised the efforts of the United Nations in Cyprus over the last ten years, further endorsing UNFICYP's efforts to implement the sexual exploitation policy, it urged the Turkish Cypriot side to restore the military status quo that existed at Strovilia prior to June 30, 2000. The Council supported bi-communal discussions, requested the Secretary-General to report by June 1, 2007 on progress made. Annan Plan for Cyprus Cyprus dispute List of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1701 to 1800 United Nations Buffer Zone in Cyprus Turkish invasion of Cyprus Text of the Resolution at undocs.org
The Trade Union Educational League was established by William Z. Foster in 1920 as a means of uniting radicals within various trade unions for a common plan of action; the group was subsidized by the Communist International via the Workers Party of America from 1922. The organization did not collect membership dues but instead ostensibly sought to both fund itself and to spread its ideas through the sale of pamphlets and circulation of a monthly magazine. After several years of initial success, the group was marginalized by the unions of the American Federation of Labor, which objected to its strategy of "boring from within" existing unions in order to depose sitting union leaderships. In 1929 the organization was transformed into the Trade Union Unity League, which sought to establish radical dual unions in competition with existing labor organizations; the Trade Union Educational League was founded in Chicago in November 1920 by William Foster and a handful of close associates hailing from the radical movement.
The group was nearly stillborn, counting only about two dozen active members at its outset, including left wing Socialists and former Wobblies. Shortly after the tiny group was called into being, Foster departed for Soviet Russia, ostensibly as a correspondent for the Federated Press news service, but to attend the Founding Congress of the Red International of Labor Unions, best known by its contracted Russian name, "Profintern."The trip would prove to be important, as the former syndicalist Foster came to identify with the Bolshevik Revolution and its tactics. After returning from Soviet Russia in 1921 joined the underground Communist Party of America, he compiled his Russian journalism written for the Federated Press into a book called "The Russian Revolution" and set about touring the country lecturing on behalf of the Friends of Soviet Russia and acting as a fundraiser for Russian famine relief. According to Foster's account, TUEL preexisted as an independent organization and "upon my return to the United States I had a meeting with the Central Executive Committee of the Communist Party, who agreed to support the work of the Trade Union Educational League."
Foster stated that "the League is not an organic section of the Party but is endorsed by it." Foster's efforts to organize radical trade unionists through TUEL to remake the structure of the labor movement and to overthrow its existing leadership put him at odds with Samuel Gompers, head of the American Federation of Labor. Historians Peter J. Albert and Grace Palladino have summarized the situation in this manner: "The forty-one year old was everything Gompers was not, he embraced Communism and the Red International of Labor Unions, or Profintern, advocated independent working-class political action, believed that the AFL would have to function as a strong, centralized organization if it hoped to survive and grow. Whereas Gompers presumed that the great mass of workers would learn the value of solidarity through direct experience and his supporters favored a more top-down approach.... With amalgamation as its slogan, industrial unionism as its goal, and'boring from within' the established trade unions as its method, the TUEL promised to transform otherwise'timid and muddled' AFL affiliates into'scientifically constructed, class conscious weapons in the revolutionary struggle.'"
In defending the existing system from what he perceived as a Moscow-directed attack, Gompers availed himself of every opportunity to question Foster's motives and emphasize his close personal connection with the American Communist movement. The TUEL did not have paid dues. No membership cards were issued; the organization instead supported itself through sales of pamphlets and magazines and through an unpublicized subsidy by the Communist International by way of the Workers Party. The size of the de facto membership of the organization is difficult to gauge. Historian Ralph Darlington notes that while TUEL declared a circulation for its publications of from 10,000 to 15,000, in actual fact the group only had "about 500 hard-core activists" at the time of its greatest strength during the first years of the 1920s. In 1928, as a byproduct of the Third Period ultra-radicalism of the Communist International, the TUEL was transformed into the Trade Union Unity League, a federation of industrial unions established in opposition to the American Federation of Labor craft labor unions.
Though this change of tactics met a refutation of William Z. Foster's long-held strategy of "boring from within" the existing trade unions, in favor of "dual unionism," Foster continued to remain loyal to the new TUUL organization. William Z. Foster, The Railroaders' Next Step. Chicago: Trade Union Educational League, 1921. Labor Herald Library #1. Revised edition published as The Railroaders' Next Step: Amalgamation. William Z. Foster, The Russian Revolution. Chicago: Trade Union Educational League, 1921. Labor Herald Library #2. William Z. Foster, The Revolutionary Crisis of 1918-1921: in Germany, England and France. Chicago: Trade Union Educational League, 1921. Labor Herald Library #3. William Z. Foster, The Bankruptcy of the American Labor Movement. Chicago: Trade Union Educational League, 1921. Labor Herald Library #4; the Principles and Program of the Trade Union Educational League. Chicago: Trade Union Educational League, 1922. Jay Fox, Amalgamation. Chicago: Trade Union Educational League, 1923.
Labor Herald Library #5. Resolutions and Decisions: Second World Congress of the Red International of Labor Unions Held in Moscow, November 1922. Chicago: Trade Union Educational League, 1922. Labor Herald Library #6. Mikhail Tomsky, The Russian Trade Unions in 1923. Chi
Alexander Taylor was a Canadian entrepreneur and politician. He is credited as being one of the founders of the city of Edmonton. Taylor was born in on May 17, 1853, in Ottawa and came to Edmonton in 1877. Shortly after his arrival in Edmonton, Taylor established the first telegraph and electricity systems. Edmonton asked the Bell Telephone Company to provide services in 1883, but were just offered "a few telephones" and no telephone exchange at a great cost, who, at the time was working for the Dominion Telegraph and Signal Service proposed running a telephone line from his office to St. Albert, 14 km away, he purchased two telephones made of Spanish mahogany, asked store owner Henry William McKenney of St. Albert to keep the device in St. Albert. On January 3, 1885, the two tested the first on Northern Alberta. In 1891, Taylor co-founded the Edmonton Electric Light Company. Taylor co-founded Edmonton's first newspaper, the Edmonton Bulletin with Frank Oliver in 1880. Taylor served on the Edmonton Public School Board from 1899 to 1909, was the chairman of the board in 1907.
In 1904, ill health prompted Taylor to sell his telephone company to the City of Edmonton for $17,000, which became known as Edmonton Telephones. Taylor died on February 12, 1916, he is buried in the Edmonton Cemetery
Kev Gray & The Gravy Train are an alternative pop rock band formed in Tokyo in November 2008, with members from America, Canada and Japan. After being chosen as a feature band in the government-sponsored, UK-Japan Year 2008, the group achieved mixed success on the Japanese music scene, after signing to Hemlock Music and twice winning the national music award, Gaijin Sounds. Based around the songwriting of lead singer, Kev Gray, their sound has drawn comparisons to melody driven artists such as Paul McCartney, The Smiths and Antony Hegarty. After starting as an acoustic trio, the band went electric and became known for its array of vocal and musical styles, before the band rebuilt its original sound in 2013 with new personnel in Tokyo: "Pon", they developed a national following after touring in Japan, including Hard Rock Cafe, The Crocodile Club, headlined events at the international music festival, Japan Music Week. The group have played in England, Australia and America, much of SE Asia; the group featured in the Japanese media, including TV, radio and press, receiving strong reviews in Metropolis and Time Out, whose editor, Jon Wilks, described the songs as demonstrating "lyrical genius".
Their first release, Shipwrecked, in November 2008, was followed in May 2009 by I Should've Stopped There, with their troubled album, Antidote released in October 2011. After an accident involving the lead singer, The Gravy Train cancelled most live shows and recordings in 2012 but made a comeback in early 2013 in Tokyo, aiming to restart recording for the two albums, The Veil Has Been Lifted, Prisoner in Paradise; the band headlined events at Hard Rock Cafe's anniversary celebrations in Tokyo and an all-day music festival in July, Tokyo Woodstock, before a summer tour of the US in 2013. A round-the-world tour of Japan, England and the USA in the summer of 2015 was cut short after a car-crash in California, the outfit is looking to record a new album in autumn 2016; the band started as a recording trio in 2006 as Akibakei, featuring Japanese TV star, Christy Strothers, female singer from the show, The Human Jukebox. After returning to Tokyo in January 2008, a live duo was formed between Gray and classical guitarist, Robin Watson.
Watson was at the time a member of the well-established British-Japanese outfit, Eden Rogue, with the Tokyo label, Suzuki Records. They were joined by Damien Cavanagh, former drummer with the British prog-indie group, played the cajón in the trio due to the acoustic nature of the band; the band won the Gaijin Sounds songwriting award in April 2008 for the song, "How The Story Ends". This attracted the attention of Australian music producer, Paul Morgan, who invited them to record at his Medici Studios and set up Hemlock Music to promote the band; the resulting recording, was produced by ARIA-nominated, Mike Stangel, at the studio in Melbourne in August 2008. The band released their debut Shipwrecked, on November 7, 2008, in Ebisu, Tokyo. To increase the band's songwriting profile, the group released a collection of early recordings, I Should've Stopped There; the cover, designed by Rob Moore, featured "The Angel of Sorrow", from a mural in Spain. Although the lyrical and vocal strength of the collection had been enough to kickstart the band's initial success, with songs such as the 1950s swing number, "Guatemala", the harmony rich gospel song, "Jordan River", the album received mixed reaction due to the poor quality production and some mediocre album tracks.
In April 2009, the band won another Gaijin Sounds award, this time for "One More Chance". The increased exposure saw the band secure a monthly residency at The Crocodile Club, a former rockabilly hangout in Harajuku with their regular UK-Japan Night. During this period, Hemlock Music arranged international support acts such as Afro-American kalimba artist, Kevin Spears; the band used the club's high quality sound to make live recordings and debut new songs, including The Veil Has Been Lifted, Who Loves The Lonely, their most popular song, Six Feet Under. The proposed ethos of Hemlock music was that Tokyo bands would be able fund recordings through live receipts; the first planned album was to be Antidote, which according to Gray, was to be a showcase of the band's diversity. Songs were written in a mix of genres such as Letters from Tijuana; the diversity of the song content was to be matched by the lyrical themes which drew upon true stories, from suicidal friends to a swingers party in a Japanese hot spring.
However, production problems and personal differences plagued the recordings delaying its completion. The proposed launch went ahead on November 11, 2009, but without the CD, which despite attempts at remixing would be re-recorded. Despite the ongoing problems with the recordings, the band continued to have increasing success on the live scene around Japan. After playing at Hard Rock Cafe in Nagoya in early 2009, they were invited to open the Hakuba Music Festival known as KevRock after its Australian organizer, Kevin Gibson, appearing with cult Australian bands, the Hoodoo Gurus and Regurgitator. More success followed at the Tokyo attempt at SXSW in November of that year. After suffering from ill health, Watson left the band in January 2010, with Canadian, Chris Cooling, taking over on electric guitar, Mississippian, For