St Kilda Football Club
The St Kilda Football Club, nicknamed the Saints, is an Australian rules football club based in Melbourne, Australia. The club plays in the Australian Football League, the premier league. The clubs name originates from the bayside Melbourne suburb of St Kilda in which the club was established in 1873, St Kilda have only won a single premiership to date, a famous one-point win in the 1966 VFL Grand Final. St Kilda most recently won the premiership in the 2009 AFL season and were grand finalists in 2009 and 2010. The St Kilda Football Club was formed on 2 April 1873, soon after a decision was made to amalgamate St Kilda FC with nearby Prahran Football Club. St Kilda retained their colours and ground, as well as picking up a number of Prahran players. St Kilda competed as a club in the VFA from 1877 to 1879, 1881–1882. St Kilda were one of the eight clubs that took part in the inaugural VFL season in 1897 and they made their debut in an away game against Collingwood on 8 May 1897, which they lost 2.4. to 5.11.
The clubs home ground in the new league was the Junction Oval in the suburb of St Kilda in Melbourne, the score was St Kilda 3.8. to 10.6. St Kildas early years in the VFL were not successful and, in 1899, they had the lowest score recorded in a VFL/AFL match. In 1902, Charlie Baker became the first St Kilda player to be the leading goalkicker in a home. Six successive wins at the start of the 1907 season saw St Kilda make the finals for the first time, qualifying third with nine wins, St Kilda were beaten by Carlton in their first VFL final by 56 points. They qualified in third again in 1908 and were once again eliminated by Carlton in the semi-finals. The 1913 season saw improvement in which the team qualified fourth. St Kilda won its semi-final against South Melbourne and defeated Fitzroy two weeks 10.10. to 6.9. in what was a match between the two teams won the semi-finals.14. to 5.13. Colin Watson became the first St Kilda player to win the leagues highest individual award, the following years saw St Kilda establish itself as a more consistently competitive club.
They made the finals in 1929 and were eliminated again by Carlton,12.9 to 11.7. In 1936, Bill Mohr became the second St Kilda player to be the leading goalkicker in a home
1966 VFL Grand Final
It was the 70th annual grand final of the Victorian Football League, staged to determine the premiers for the 1966 VFL season. The match, attended by 102,055 spectators, was won by St Kilda by a margin of one point, marking that clubs first and only premiership victory to date. Twenty-five minutes into the quarter and with scores level, Collingwoods Wayne Richardson had a shot at goal on the run. St Kilda began to work the ball out of defence after winning the boundary throw-in, a kick from Ian Cooper saw the ball make its way to centre half forward. Collingwood defender Ted Potter failed to mark the low down. Brian Mynott won the tap for the Saints but it was intercepted by Potter who was quickly tackled. Potter however managed to get out a pass but it found its way to St Kildas Barry Breen who snapped at goal. With about a minute left on the clock, Collingwood were able to work the ball towards their forward line, bob Murray, was able to take a mark at centre half back and the siren sounded after he kicked the ball towards the wing.
One of the timekeepers was an avid St Kilda fan and blew the final siren for more than ten seconds, umpire – Jeff Crouch Australian Football article on the grand final 1966 VFL season 2010 AFL Grand Final
The Age is a daily newspaper that has been published in Melbourne, since 1854. It is delivered in both hardcopy and online formats, the newspaper shares many articles with other Fairfax Media metropolitan daily newspapers, such as The Sydney Morning Herald. As at February 2017, The Age had a weekday circulation of 88,000. The Sunday Age had a circulation of 123,000 and these represented year-on-year declines of 8% to 9%. The Ages website, according to third-party web analytics providers Alexa and SimilarWeb, is the 44th and 58th most visited website in Australia respectively, SimilarWeb rates the site as the seventh most visited news website in Australia, attracting more than 7 million visitors per month. The newspaper went compact in March 2013, with the Saturday and Sunday editions retaining the broadsheet format, on 22/23 February 2014, the final weekend edition were produced in broadsheet format with these too converted to compact format on 1/2 March 2014. The Ages parent company Chief executive officer, Greg Hywood, has foreshadowed the end of the print edition of the newspaper, with some analysts saying this will occur during 2017.
The Age was founded by three Melbourne businessmen, the brothers John and Henry Cooke, who had arrived from New Zealand in the 1840s, the first edition appeared on 17 October 1854. The first edition under the new owners was on 17 June 1856, Ebenezer Syme was elected to the Victorian Legislative Assembly shortly after buying The Age, and his brother David Syme soon came to dominate the paper and managerially. When Ebenezer died in 1860, David became editor-in-chief, a position he retained until his death in 1908, in 1891, Syme bought out Ebenezers heirs and McEwans and became sole proprietor. He built up The Age into Victorias leading newspaper, in circulation, it soon overtook its rivals The Herald and The Argus, and by 1890 it was selling 100,000 copies a day, making it one of the worlds most successful newspapers. Under Symes control The Age exercised enormous political power in Victoria, Syme was originally a free trader, but converted to protectionism through his belief that Victoria needed to develop its manufacturing industries behind tariff barriers.
In the 1890s, The Age was a supporter of Australian federation. After Symes death the paper remained in the hands of his three sons, with his eldest son Herbert Syme becoming general manager until his death in 1939, by the 1940s, the papers circulation was smaller than it had been in 1900, and its political influence declined. Although it remained more liberal than the extremely conservative Argus, it lost much of its political identity. The historian Sybil Nolan writes, Accounts of The Age in these years generally suggest that the paper was second-rate, walker described a newspaper which had fallen asleep in the embrace of the Liberal Party, querulous and turgid are some of the epithets applied by other journalists. In 1942, David Symes last surviving son, Oswald Syme and he modernised the papers appearance and standards of news coverage. A takeover attempt by the Warwick Fairfax family, publishers of The Sydney Morning Herald, was beaten off and this new lease on life allowed The Age to recover commercially, and in 1957 it received a great boost when The Argus ceased publication
Australian rules football
The main way to score points is by kicking the oval-shaped ball between the two tall goal posts. The team with the score by the end of the match wins unless a draw is declared. During general play, players may position themselves anywhere on the field, the primary methods are kicking and running with the ball. There are rules on how the ball can be handled, for example, throwing the ball is not allowed and players must not get caught holding the ball. A distinctive feature of the game is the mark, where players anywhere on the field who catch a ball from a kick are awarded possession, possession of the ball is in dispute at all times except when a free kick or mark is paid. Players can tackle using their hands or use their body to obstruct opponents. The game features frequent physical contests, spectacular marking, fast movement of players and the ball and high scoring. The sports origins can be traced to matches played in Melbourne, Victoria in 1858. Its annual Grand Final is the highest attended club championship event in the world, the sport is played at amateur level in many countries and in several variations.
The games rules are governed by the AFL Commission with the advice of the AFLs Laws of the Game Committee, there is evidence of football being played sporadically in the Australian colonies in the first half of the 19th century. The earliest such match, held in St Kilda on 15 June, was between Melbourne Grammar and St Kilda Grammar. Born in Australia, Wills played a nascent form of rugby football whilst a pupil at Rugby School in England and his letter is regarded by many historians as giving impetus for the development of a new code of football today known as Australian football. Two weeks later, Wills friend, cricketer Jerry Bryant, posted an advertisement for a match at the Richmond Paddock adjoining the Melbourne Cricket Ground. This was the first of several kickabouts held that year involving members of the Melbourne Cricket Club, including Wills, Bryant, W. J. Hammersley, trees were used as goalposts and play typically lasted an entire afternoon. Without an agreed code of laws, some players were guided by rules they had learned in the British Isles.
Another significant milestone in 1858 was a match played under experimental rules between Melbourne Grammar and Scotch College, held at the Richmond Paddock. This 40-a-side contest, umpired by Wills and Scotch College teacher John Macadam, began on 7 August and it is commemorated with a statue outside the MCG, and the two schools have competed annually ever since in the Cordner-Eggleston Cup, the worlds oldest continuous football competition. Since the early 20th century, it has suggested that Australian football was derived from the Irish sport of Gaelic football
1971 VFL Grand Final
It was the 73rd annual Grand Final of the Victorian Football League, staged to determine the premiers for the 1971 VFL season. The match, attended 118,192 spectators, was won by Hawthorn by a margin of 7 points, marking that clubs second premiership. This was St Kildas first appearance in a premiership decider since winning the 1966 VFL Grand Final, both clubs were aiming for their second premiership. At the conclusion of the regular season, Hawthorn had finished first on the ladder with 19 wins and 3 losses. St Kilda had finished second with 16 wins and 6 losses, Hawthorns Peter Hudson was the leading goal-kicker in the competition with 140 goals. In the finals series leading up to the Grand Final, Hawthorn met St Kilda in the Second Semi Final, St Kilda staged a fightback to lose by only two points. Hawtorns victory sent them straight through to the Grand Final, St Kilda, after this loss, defeated Richmond by 30 points in the Preliminary Final to match up with Hawthorn in the premiership decider.
The Grand Final was played in wet conditions and it was probably the toughest grand final ever played, both sides dished out physical punishment and copped it as well. It was an evenly fought contest throughout, Hawthorn started well with star full forward Peter Hudson kicking two goals early in the term. St Kildas fullback Bob Murray was hurt early, and Cowboy Neale clashed heavily with Hudson leaving Hudson with double vision for the rest of the game, Murray was moved to full forward and Barry Lawrence was moved onto Hawthorns Hudson and kept him well in check. Les Hawken who had a fitness test earlier in the week hurt his ankle again after a clash with Carl Ditterich and was replaced by Ken Beck. The rain was relentless and Peter Crimmins kicked a goal, Murray was replaced by Stephen Rae. St Kilda managed to inch ahead with goals to John Manzie, Hudson with concussion kicked his third after a in the back free kick. In the Hawthorn rooms, both Hudson and Robert Day were suffering from concussion, Day being worst, was replaced at half time by Ray Wilson, as no-one else could replace Hudson he played on.
The Saints were two points up at half time and had the better of the third term, John Bonney goaled from a mark within thirty seconds. Bonney again goaled five minutes after a free 30 metres out in front, Barry Breen goaled after being disallowed a mark and playing on, and Ross Smith kicked the Saints fourth goal and they led by twenty seven points by the fifteen-minute mark. A late snap from Leon Rice kicked the Hawks only goal for the quarter, at the 3/4 time address John Kennedy told Bob Keddie Youll have to win this for us. Keddie had been quiet with only five touches, Crimmins kicked the Hawks third in three minutes from a running snap
International Standard Book Number
The International Standard Book Number is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation of a book, for example, an e-book, a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, the method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit Standard Book Numbering created in 1966, the 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO2108. Occasionally, a book may appear without a printed ISBN if it is printed privately or the author does not follow the usual ISBN procedure, this can be rectified later. Another identifier, the International Standard Serial Number, identifies periodical publications such as magazines, the ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 in the United Kingdom by David Whitaker and in 1968 in the US by Emery Koltay.
The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO2108, the United Kingdom continued to use the 9-digit SBN code until 1974. The ISO on-line facility only refers back to 1978, an SBN may be converted to an ISBN by prefixing the digit 0. For example, the edition of Mr. J. G. Reeder Returns, published by Hodder in 1965, has SBN340013818 -340 indicating the publisher,01381 their serial number. This can be converted to ISBN 0-340-01381-8, the check digit does not need to be re-calculated, since 1 January 2007, ISBNs have contained 13 digits, a format that is compatible with Bookland European Article Number EAN-13s. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation of a book, for example, an ebook, a paperback, and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, a 13-digit ISBN can be separated into its parts, and when this is done it is customary to separate the parts with hyphens or spaces.
Separating the parts of a 10-digit ISBN is done with either hyphens or spaces, figuring out how to correctly separate a given ISBN number is complicated, because most of the parts do not use a fixed number of digits. ISBN issuance is country-specific, in that ISBNs are issued by the ISBN registration agency that is responsible for country or territory regardless of the publication language. Some ISBN registration agencies are based in national libraries or within ministries of culture, in other cases, the ISBN registration service is provided by organisations such as bibliographic data providers that are not government funded. In Canada, ISBNs are issued at no cost with the purpose of encouraging Canadian culture. In the United Kingdom, United States, and some countries, where the service is provided by non-government-funded organisations. Australia, ISBNs are issued by the library services agency Thorpe-Bowker
Burnie Dockers Football Club
Burnie Football Club is an Australian rules football club in Burnie, Australia. The Burnie Dockers were formed as a result of a merger between former TFL Statewide League club Burnie Hawks and NTFL club the Burnie Tigers. After several years of hatred in the city between the two rival clubs, both clubs were struggling both on-field and financially by the early 1990s. From 1995 the Burnie Dockers were successful, making the 1996 and 1997 Grand Finals, shortly after, the Dockers found themselves in serious financial trouble and facing extinction until a late bailout by the Burnie City Council saved them. After two lean years, the Dockers bounced back in 2008, playing in a thrilling NTFL grand final, the Dockers fought tenaciously against the all-conquering Launceston Blues, but fell short by 13 points in front of 5,274 fans at Latrobe. Burnie rejoined the newly re-established Tasmanian State League competition in 2009, since 2015, its reserves team has competed in the North West Football League seniors, and it has fielded teams in the junior grades of that competition.
The club song is Were a happy team at Burnie which is based on The Yankee Doodle Boy
North Hobart Oval
North Hobart Oval is a sports venue in North Hobart, used for Australian rules football. The first official match to place on North Hobart Oval was a TFL match between Lefroy and New Town on 6 May 1922, the match was won by Lefroy before 1. North Hobart Oval became League Headquarters for the TFL/TANFL/TFL Statewide League in 1922, the final Tasmanian Football League match to be held at the ground was the 2000 SWL Preliminary Final between North Hobart and North Launceston which resulted in a narrow win to the Northern Bombers. North Hobart Oval has hosted three Australian National Football Carnivals, the first was in August 1924, which was won by Victoria before an official attendance of 60,705 for the entire carnival. Victorian once again triumphed, this time on percentage, the 1966 Carnival was the last to be played in Tasmania. A total attendance of 91,347 were present to view the matches played and once again, the ground hosted numerous intrastate and state of origin clashes in its history.
Subsequently, through the rest of the 1990s Tasmania went on to defeat the South Australia, the Western Australia and the Victorian Football Association, all at North Hobart Oval. North Hobarts first VFL/AFL match took place on 14 June 1952, there were numerous other Fosters Cup and Ansett Cup pre-season matches held there during the 1990s. North Hobart Oval has hosted other events throughout its long history. Cricket, Association football, ANZAC Day sports events and athletics have all been staged there at various times. In 1959 a Billy Graham crusade set an attendance record for the ground with a crowd in excess of 25,000 attending. The Argyle Street Stand was an 840-seat stand that began construction in 1923 and was opened in time for the 1924 Australian National Football Carnival. It remained unaltered until the rear-half of the structure was gutted-out in June 1991 to build the North Hobart Football Clubrooms which in years to come would be the headquarters for AFL Tasmania, the Letitia Street Stand was erected in 1924.
The concrete Roy Cazaly Stand was built during 1960/1961, other works carried out were the building of players tunnels at the foot of the Horrie Gorringe Stand and building the terraces during 1964/1965. The upgraded scoreboard was opened for use on 21 May 2011 for a TSL match between North Hobart and Clarence, North Hobart Oval has repeatedly been the subject of discussions over potential future redevelopment into a rectangular stadium in similar fashion to Perth Oval. 24,413 - New Norfolk v Clarence -1970 TANFL Grand Final,23,764 - Tasmania v VFL -1966 Australian National Football Carnival. 23,368 - Western Australia v VFL -1966 Australian National Football Carnival,20,775 - Sandy Bay v New Norfolk -1964 TANFL Grand Final