John Buchanan Robinson

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
John Buchanan Robinson
John Buchanan Robinson (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 6th district
In office
March 4, 1891 – March 3, 1897
Preceded bySmedley Darlington
Succeeded byThomas S. Butler
Pennsylvania House of Representatives, Delaware County
In office
1884–1888
Preceded byWilliam Garrigues Powel
Succeeded byJesse Matlack Baker
Pennsylvania State Senate, 9th district
In office
1889–1892
Preceded byThomas Valentine Cooper
Succeeded byJesse Matlack Baker
Personal details
BornMay 23, 1846
Allegheny City, Pennsylvania
DiedJanuary 28, 1933 (aged 86)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Elizabeth Waddington

John Buchanan Robinson (May 23, 1846 – January 28, 1933) was an American politician from Pennsylvania who served as a Republican member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives for Delaware County from 1884 to 1888, the Pennsylvania State Senate for the 9th district from 1889 to 1892 and the U.S. House of Representatives for Pennsylvania's 6th congressional district from 1891 to 1897.

Early life and education[edit]

The Ledger Building, home of the Media Ledger, built 1895
Elizabeth Robinson

John Buchanan Robinson was born in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania and was the grandson of the politician, businessman and militia general William Robinson, Jr.[1]

He attended private schools in Pittsburgh, entered the University of Pittsburgh and finished at Amherst College,[1][2] he enlisted in the Union Army in 1864, however the Robinson family already had two sons at the front in the Civil War and used the influence of his grandfather William Robinson, Jr. to have John released from service against his wishes. As compensation, he was appointed a cadet at the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland by Congressman Thomas Williams[3] and graduated in 1868,[4] he was commissioned a Lieutenant and circumnavigated the globe on the USS Colorado. He was a member of the second U.S. party to become audience before the Emperor of Japan.

In 1873, Robinson returned to the U.S. and served on the USS Michigan on the Great Lakes. He also served on the USS Juniata when it sailed to Santiago de Cuba to demand the release of American citizens seized on the Virignius by Spanish authorities.[1]

He resigned from the Navy in 1875 and moved to Delaware County, Pennsylvania,[5] he studied law under John G. Johnson and was admitted to the Philadelphia bar in 1876. In 1878, Robinson moved to Media, Pennsylvania and was admitted to the Delaware County bar, he was also admitted to practice in the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania.[1]

He worked as editor of the Delaware County Gazette in 1881 and 1882, and as a newspaper correspondent and owner of the Media Ledger.

Political career[edit]

Robinson was elected to the Pennsylvania House of Representatives in 1884 and 1886 and to the Pennsylvania State Senate from 1889 to 1892.

Robinson was elected as a Republican to the Fifty-second, Fifty-third, and Fifty-fourth Congresses, he was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1896.

He served as president of the League of Republican Clubs of Pennsylvania from 1891 to 1897, he was a member of the Board of Visitors to the United States Naval Academy in 1893.[6] Robinson was also a delegate to the Republican National Conventions in 1892, 1896, and 1908.

In 1900, Robinson was appointed by President McKinley as United States marshal for the eastern district of Pennsylvania, he was reappointed in 1905 by President Theodore Roosevelt and again in 1912 by President Taft. Robinson served until 1913.[1]

Personal life[edit]

In 1874, Robinson married Elizabeth Waddington in St. Louis, Missouri and together they had seven children.[1] Elizabeth was a granddaughter of Charles Gilpin, the Mayor of Philadelphia from 1850 to 1854; the couple met during summer vacations in Cresson, Pennsylvania.[7]

Robinson was a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the American Protestant Association, Knights of Pythias, Order of Chosen Friends, Knights of the Golden Eagle, Improved Order of Red Men, Independent Order of Mechanics and the Bradbury Post No. 149 Grand Army of the Republic.[1]

Robinson died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and is interred at the Allegheny Cemetery in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.[8]

Bibliography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Jordan, John W. (1914). A History of Delaware County Pennsylvania and Its People. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company. pp. 634–637. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  2. ^ "ROBINSON, John Buchanan, (1846-1933)". www.bioguide.congress.gov. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  3. ^ Encyclopaedia of contemporary biography, of Pennsylvania: Vol. II. New York: Atlantic Publishing & Engraving Co. 1890. pp. 248–251. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  4. ^ "Pennsylvania House of Representatives - John Buchanan Robinson". www.legis.state.pa.us. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  5. ^ "Pennsylvania State Senate - John Buchanan Robinson". www.legis.state.pa.us. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  6. ^ "John Buchanan Robinson". www.usna.edu. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  7. ^ Hinman, Ida (1895). The Washington sketch book. Washington, D.C.: Hartman & Cadick Printers. p. 79. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  8. ^ "John Buchanan Robinson". www.findagrave.com. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
Pennsylvania House of Representatives
Preceded by
William Garrigues Powel
Member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives, Delaware County
1884–1888
Succeeded by
Jesse Matlack Baker
Pennsylvania State Senate
Preceded by
Thomas Valentine Cooper
Member of the Pennsylvania Senate, 9th district
1889-1892
Succeeded by
Jesse Matlack Baker
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Smedley Darlington
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 6th congressional district

1891–1897
Succeeded by
Thomas S. Butler