John Gadsby Chapman
John Gadsby Chapman was an American artist famous for Baptism of Pocahontas, commissioned by the United States Congress and hangs in the United States Capitol rotunda. John Chapman was born in 1808 in Virginia. Chapman began his study of art in Philadelphia for two years departed for Europe where he spent time in Italy. In 1831, Chapman returned to his hometown of Alexandria, exhibited his artwork in the nearest metropolitan areas, such as Washington, D. C. Richmond, Philadelphia, he specialized in portraits. By 1834, Chapman had moved to New York City and become a member of the National Academy of Design, found work as an illustrator. In New York, Chapman embarked on a series of historical paintings, such as Landing at Jamestown and the Crowning of Powhatan; the success of these paintings helped Chapman land a commission from the United States Congress in February 1837 to paint a historical scene for the rotunda of the Capitol building. For this work, Chapman received a total payment of $10,000.
On November 30, 1840, Baptism of Pocahontas was formally unveiled in the Capitol rotunda. Besides historical paintings and portraits, Chapman produced wood engravings and etchings, contributed illustrations to Harper Brothers' publications. Chapman's American Drawing Book, published in 1847, became a standard text for art students. On the swell of these successes, Chapman moved his family to Rome, made an earnest living selling paintings of rural Campania to American visitors. However, at the onset of the American Civil War, the tourist industry dried up, affecting Chapman's fortunes greatly. In addition, Chapman's own son, Conrad Wise Chapman, returned to America to fight on the side of the Confederate States of America; the economic deprivation inflicted on Chapman during the 1860s became insurmountable. In Rome, he was forced to live off the kindness of fellow expatriates, returned to America and poor, to spend his last days with another son, John Linton Chapman, in Brooklyn, New York, it was there, in 1889.
The elements of art: a manual for the amateur, basis of study for the professional artist Chapman Family Correspondence and Other Documents MSS 48. Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego Library. Library of Virginia biography of John G. Chapman and his son, Conrad Chapman. New York Times obituary of John Gadsby Chapman. Chapman Family Association John F. McGuigan Jr. and Mary K. McGuigan, John Gadsby Chapman: America’s First Artist-Etcher. With a Catalogue of His Italian Etchings. Harpswell, ME: Arcady Editions, 2015; the McGuigan Collection of John Gadsby Chapman Etchings at the New-York Historical Society
John Chapman, better known as Johnny Appleseed, was an American pioneer nurseryman who introduced apple trees to large parts of Pennsylvania, Ohio and Illinois, as well as the northern counties of present-day West Virginia. He became an American legend while still alive, due to his kind, generous ways, his leadership in conservation, the symbolic importance he attributed to apples, he was a missionary for The New Church and the inspiration for many museums and historical sites such as the Johnny Appleseed Museum in Urbana and the Johnny Appleseed Heritage Center in Ashland County, Ohio. The Fort Wayne TinCaps, a minor league baseball team in Fort Wayne, where Chapman spent his final years, is named in his honor. Chapman was born on 26 September 1774, in Leominster, the second child of Nathaniel and Elizabeth Chapman, his birthplace has a granite marker, the street is called Johnny Appleseed Lane. Chapman's mother, died in 1776 shortly after giving birth to a second son, Nathaniel Jr. who died a few days later.
His father, in the military, returned in 1780 to Longmeadow, Massachusetts where, in the summer of 1780, he married Lucy Cooley. According to some accounts, an 18-year-old John persuaded his 11-year-old brother Nathaniel Cooley Chapman to go west with him in 1792; the duo lived a nomadic life until their father brought his large family west in 1805 and met up with them in Ohio. The younger Nathaniel decided to help their father farm the land. Shortly after the brothers parted ways, John began his apprenticeship as an orchardist under a Mr. Crawford, who had apple orchards, thus inspiring his life's journey of planting apple trees. There are stories of Johnny Appleseed practicing his nurseryman craft in the area of Wilkes-Barre, of picking seeds from the pomace at Potomac cider mills in the late 1790s. Another story has Chapman living in Pittsburgh on Grant's Hill in 1794 at the time of the Whiskey Rebellion; the popular image is of Johnny Appleseed spreading apple seeds randomly everywhere he went.
In fact, he planted nurseries rather than orchards, built fences around them to protect them from livestock, left the nurseries in the care of a neighbor who sold trees on shares, returned every year or two to tend the nursery. He planted his first nursery on the bank of Brokenstraw Creek, south of Pennsylvania. Next, he seems to have moved to Venango County, along the shore of French Creek, but many of these nurseries were in the Mohican area of north-central Ohio; this area included the towns of Mansfield, Lucas and Loudonville. According to Harper's New Monthly Magazine, toward the end of his career he was present when an itinerant missionary was exhorting an open-air congregation in Mansfield, Ohio; the sermon was long and severe on the topic of extravagance, because the pioneers were buying such indulgences as calico and imported tea. "Where now is there a man who, like the primitive Christians, is traveling to heaven barefooted and clad in coarse raiment?" the preacher asked until Johnny Appleseed, his endurance worn out, walked up to the preacher, put his bare foot on the stump that had served as a podium, said, "Here's your primitive Christian!"
The flummoxed sermonizer dismissed the congregation. He would tell stories to children and spread The New Church gospel to the adults, receiving a floor to sleep on for the night, sometimes supper, in return. "We can hear him read now, just as he did that summer day, when we were busy quilting upstairs, he lay near the door, his voice rising denunciatory and thrillin—strong and loud as the roar of wind and waves soft and soothing as the balmy airs that quivered the morning-glory leaves about his gray beard. His was a strange eloquence at times, he was undoubtedly a man of genius," reported a lady who knew him in his years, he made several trips back east, both to visit his sister and to replenish his supply of Swedenborgian literature. He preached the gospel as he traveled, during his travels he converted many Native Americans, whom he admired; the Native Americans regarded him as someone, touched by the Great Spirit, hostile tribes left him alone. He cared deeply about animals, including insects.
Henry Howe visited all the counties in Ohio in the early nineteenth century and collected several stories from the 1830s, when Johnny Appleseed was still alive: One cool autumnal night, while lying by his camp-fire in the woods, he observed that the mosquitoes flew in the blaze and were burned. Johnny, who wore on his head a tin utensil which answered both as a cap and a mush pot, filled it with water and quenched the fire, afterwards remarked, "God forbid that I should build a fire for my comfort, that should be the means of destroying any of His creatures." Another time, he made a camp-fire in a snowstorm at the end of a hollow log in which he intended to pass the night but found it occupied by a bear and cubs, so he removed his fire to the other end and slept on the snow in the open air, rather than disturb the bear. In a story collected by Eric Braun, he had a pet wolf that had started following him after he healed its injured leg. More controversially, he planted dogfennel during his travels, believing that it was a useful medicinal herb.
It is now regarded as a invasive weed. According to another story, he heard that a horse was to be put down, so he bought the horse, bought a few grassy acres nearby, turned it out to recover; when it did, he gave the horse to someone needy. During his life, he was a vegetarian, he never married. He tho
John Chapman (evangelist)
John Charles Chapman, affectionately known as "Chappo", was an Australian preacher, Bible teacher and evangelist associated with the Sydney Anglican diocese. He wrote several books, including A Fresh Start; the Australian edition of A Fresh Start has sold nearly 40,000 copies since 1999. For 25 years he was the Director of the Anglican Department of Evangelism in Sydney, after beginning his career as a school teacher prior to theological training. In his retirement he continued to teach at Bible colleges, to speak at conventions around the world and to find time for the occasional game of tennis and golf; the single men's accommodation at Moore Theological College was renamed John Chapman House in Chapman's honour. A biography, written by Michael Orpwood, was published in 1995 entitled Chappo: For the Sake of the Gospel; the foreword was provided by Dick Lucas - rector of St Helen's Bishopsgate - a long-standing friend of Chapman. In 1959, Chapman was curate of the Moree Anglican parish and held the Billy Graham Crusade landline services for the whole of Moree there.
He started an interchurch prayer meeting in the Warriors Chapel of Moree's Anglican church in 1959, still going today. This is where he met Preston Walker, Aborigines Welfare District Officer and member of the Moree Methodist Church who joined the British and Foreign Bible Society. Chapman valued the Christian fellowship of Preston and Kath Walker as they were former United Aborigines Mission missionaries from Western Australia and were evangelical Christians. Chapman taught woodwork in Moree before becoming a curate at Moree
John Chapman (general)
Major General John Austin Chapman, was a professional soldier in the Australian Army. Joining the army in 1913, he served as a junior officer during the First World War and saw action on the Western Front. After the war he was appointed to a number of staff and teaching positions prior to the outbreak of the Second World War. Appointed chief of staff, 7th Division, he served during the Syrian Campaign in 1941 before taking up important staff positions in Australia, he retired from the army in 1953 after 41 years of service and died in Sydney in 1963 at the age of 67. John Austin Chapman was born on 15 December 1896 in Braidwood, New South Wales, the son of Austin Chapman, the Braidwood representative on the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, he attended Christian Brothers schools in Sydney and Melbourne before entering Royal Military College, Duntroon in 1913. Upon graduation from Duntroon in 1915, Chapman was commissioned as a lieutenant in the Australian Army. Volunteering for the Australian Imperial Force, his first assignment was to 30th Battalion being raised in New South Wales and destined for Egypt.
The battalion duly embarked for Egypt in November 1915 and would remain there for several months, undertaking guard duties at the Suez Canal. Part of 8th Brigade, subordinate to the 5th Division, the battalion was transferred to the Western Front in July 1916 along with the rest of the division. Chapman, now a captain, was wounded due to a gas attack in November, this necessitated his evacuation to England for treatment, he served in this capacity until October. Promoted to major, he was attached to the Australian 5th Division headquarters. During the Hundred Days Offensive, he was acting brigade major of 8th Brigade, he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order for his actions of 28 August 1918, when he carried out a reconnaissance of the front lines under heavy fire. He was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire for his services while attached to divisional headquarters during the latter stages of the war. Chapman remained in the army after the cessation of hostilities, returning to Australia in June 1919.
He married the following October, to Helena Mary de Booten from Chile. The couple would go on to have four children. From 1919 to 1930, Chapman was posted to a series of staff appointments, he attended Staff College at Camberley in England from 1930 to 1933. He was chief instructor at the Small Arms School in Randwick, Sydney from 1934 to 1938 before returning to Camberley in November with his wife to take up an instructor position, the first soldier from a British Dominion to do so. Still in England when the Second World War broke out in September 1939, he was posted to the British 52nd Infantry Division as a staff officer but returned to Australia in January 1940, having been promoted to lieutenant colonel. Based in Melbourne, he was responsible for training at army headquarters before transferring to the reformed AIF in April 1940. Promoted to colonel, he was chief of staff to Major General John Lavarack, the commander of 7th Division. Commencing on 8 June 1941, the division participated in the two-month-long Syrian Campaign against the Vichy French during which Chapman earned a recommendation for a Bar to his DSO.
This was duly gazetted and awarded in 1944. After the conclusion of the Syrian Campaign, Chapman was promoted to temporary brigadier and became responsible for the AIF Base Area in the Middle East, he returned to Australia as deputy adjutant and Quartermaster General, based in Brisbane. Promoted to major general in September 1942, he was appointed as Deputy Chief of the General Staff in October 1944, he served in this capacity until March 1946. From May 1946, Chapman was based in Washington, D. C. as the army representative on the Australian Joint Service Mission to the United States. After completing his four-year term in the United States, he had a spell as General Officer Commanding, Central Command before commencing his final post of Quartermaster General and member of the military board in February 1951, he was honoured with an appointment as Companion of the Order of the Bath in 1952. Chapman retired in December 1953 after 41 years of service in the army, he died of cancer at his home in Mosman on 19 April 1963, survived by a daughter.
His wife had predeceased him in 1961. He was buried with military honours in Sydney. Long, Gavin. Australia in the War of 1939–1945. Series 1 – Army: Volume II – Greece and Syria. Canberra, Australia: Australian War Memorial. Thompson, Roger C.. Chapman, John Austin in Australian Dictionary of Biography. Melbourne, Australia: Melbourne University Press
Johnny Chapman is an American stock car racing driver. Johnny Chapman has won 40 races in NASCAR's Late Model Stock Division as well as being a two-time Goody's Dash Series Champion on his way up the rankings in the late 1980s and early 1990s. In 1997, after running a few one-off races he signed a contract to run the #89 Sherwin Williams Ford in the NASCAR Busch Series, he had three top fifteen finishes that year, including his best major NASCAR finish of 11th in the Winston Motorsports 300 on June 13. His career died down for a while as he ran a handful of races in the next few years in the NASCAR Nationwide Series and NASCAR Camping World Truck Series. Chapman has run one NASCAR Sprint Cup race, he finished 36th. In 2008 and 2009, he drove full-time in the #90 Chevrolet for MSRP Motorsports, a start and park team in the Nationwide Series, he started and parked for Gunbroker Racing, Wyler Racing, SS-Green Light Racing in select Camping World Truck Series races. For 2010, Chapman has been tabbed by K-Automotive Motorsports to drive their #92 Dodge in the Nationwide Series.
Along with Dennis Setzer in the # 96, he parked to help fund the # 26 of Brian Keselowski. After driving Morgan Shepherd's 89 Chevrolet in 2010, he raced for Fleur-de-lis Motorsports at Texas. In 2011 he drove a Nationwide car for Rick Ware Racing as a start and park operation to support Ware's other Nationwide cars, he drove a few races for SS-Green Light Racing in the #07 truck. Chapman makes his living as a start-and-park driver for underfunded and unsponsored teams and last ran a NASCAR-sanctioned race in 2013. Chapman has two children. 1 Ineligible for series points Johnny Chapman driver statistics at Racing-Reference Driver Profile Yahoo Driver Page
John Curtis "Jack" Chapman was an American Major League Baseball player and manager, born in Brooklyn, New York. He began playing in the National Association when he played for the 1874 Brooklyn Atlantics and the 1875 St. Louis Brown Stockings. In 1876, when the National League formed, he became the player-manager for the Louisville Grays; the following season saw him staying with Louisville in the manager role only. After the 1877 season, the Louisville team was expelled from the National League and Chapman became manager of the Milwaukee Grays; the team had a poor record, he was fired. In all, he managed 11 seasons in the majors, compiling a record of 351 wins and 502 losses, winning one championship in 1890 with the Louisville Colonels of the American Association. Chapman's nickname was "Death to Flying Things", although fellow major leaguer Bob Ferguson had been given the nickname. Chapman died in Brooklyn at the age of 73, he is interred at Green-Wood Cemetery. List of Major League Baseball player–managers Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference Career Managerial Record Baseball-Reference.com
The Michigan Murders were a series of publicized killings of young women committed between 1967 and 1969 in the Ann Arbor/Ypsilanti area of Southeastern Michigan by an individual known as the Ypsilanti Ripper, the Michigan Murderer, the Co-Ed Killer. All the victims of the Michigan Murders were young women between the ages of 13 and 21 who were abducted, raped and murdered—typically by stabbing or strangulation—with their bodies mutilated after death before being discarded within a 15-mile radius of Washtenaw County; the perpetrator, John Norman Chapman was arrested one week after the final murder. He was sentenced to life imprisonment for this final murder attributed to the Michigan Murderer on August 19, 1970, is incarcerated at Marquette Branch Prison. Although never tried for the remaining five murders attributed to the Michigan Murderer, or the murder of a sixth girl killed in California whose death has been linked to the series, investigators believe Chapman to be responsible for all seven murders linked to the same perpetrator.
The first known victim linked to the Michigan Murderer was a 19-year-old Eastern Michigan University accounting student named Mary Terese Fleszar, last seen alive on the evening of July 9, 1967, by a neighbor walking towards her Ypsilanti apartment. This neighbor twice observed a young man in a blue-grey Chevrolet slow to a halt beside Fleszar and begin talking to her: each time, Fleszar had shook her head and walked away from the car, her nude body was found by two 15-year-old boys on an abandoned farm at Superior Township on August 7, was formally identified via dental records the following day. The corpse was badly decomposed, although the pathologist who examined Fleszar's remains was able to determine the young woman had been stabbed 30 times in the chest and abdomen with a knife or other sharp object, that her feet had been severed just above the ankle, the thumb and sections of the fingers of one hand were missing, that one forearm had been severed from her body. Despite the advanced state of decomposition, the pathologist was able to locate multiple lineal abrasions upon the victim's chest and torso, indicating that Fleszar had been extensively beaten before her death.
Although police theorized that Fleszar had been raped, the advanced state of decomposition of the corpse had erased any conclusive evidence of sexual assault. A detailed examination of the crime scene revealed that the body had been moved three times throughout the month it had lain undiscovered: the body had lain upon a pile of bottles and cans obscured from view by elder trees, before being dragged five feet from this location into a field, where it had remained exposed throughout much of the time it had lain undiscovered. Shortly before the body was discovered, the murderer had again returned to the body and moved the body a further three feet. Two days after the remains had been identified as those of Mary Fleszar, a young man claiming to be a friend of the Fleszar family arrived at the funeral home holding Fleszar's body prior to her scheduled burial; this individual had asked for permission to take a photograph of the body as it lay in the coffin as a keepsake for her parents. When informed his request was impossible, the young man had replied: "You mean you can't fix her up enough so I could just get one picture of her?"
Sternly informed a second time he would not be allowed to view the body, the young man had wordlessly exited the funeral home. The receptionist could not offer any clear description of the man beyond that he was a handsome young white male with dark hair, that he had driven a blue-grey Chevrolet, that he had not been carrying a camera. One year on July 5, 1968, the decomposed, mutilated body of a 20-year-old art student named Joan Elspeth Schell was found by construction workers on an Ann Arbor roadside, she had been raped stabbed 25 times with a knife estimated to have measured four inches in length. Several of these wounds had punctured her lungs and carotid artery, with one additional wound inflicted behind her left ear fracturing her skull. In addition, her throat had been slashed, her miniskirt tied around her neck. Although Schell had been dead for several days, her entire lower body was in a remarkably preserved condition, whereas her head and breasts were in an advanced state of decomposition, leading the pathologist to conclude her body had been stored in a cool environment, but with the upper third of her body exposed to natural heat.
The lack of blood beneath or near the corpse, plus the testimony of eyewitnesses, led investigators to determine Schell's body had lain in its present location for less than 24 hours. Her murderer had driven to the location to dispose of her body, before making rudimentary efforts to conceal the body with clumps of grass. In addition, the "outstanding similarities" between the wounds inflicted upon her body and those inflicted upon Mary Fleszar the previous year led investigators to establish a definite connection between both murders, four detectives were assigned to work full-time on both cases. Schell hailed from Plymouth and had moved into a house on Emmet Street in Ypsilanti. Schell had intended to travel to Ann Arbor to visit her boyfriend, her roommate had accompanied her to the bus stop. Kolbe informed investigators that Schell had informed her of her intentions to hitchhike when it became apparent she had missed the last bus, that one of the first vehicles to pass when Schell had begun hitchhiking was a red-and-black Pontiac Bonneville contai