Morris Township, New Jersey
For other places with similar names, see Morristown, New Jersey. Morris Township is a township in New Jersey, United States; as of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 22,306, reflecting an increase of 510 from the 21,796 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,844 from the 19,952 counted in the 1990 Census. It is known as the "doughnut" around Morristown since it encapsulates it, has at least five times the area, though near Morris Plains the width of Morris Township is less than a mile. Morris Township was formed as of March 25, 1740. Portions of the township were taken on December 24, 1740, to form Roxbury Township and on March 29, 1749, to form Mendham Township. Morris Township was incorporated as a township by the Township Act of 1798 by the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798, as part of the state's initial group of 104 townships. Portions of the township were taken to create Chatham Township and Passaic Township; the township was named for colonial governor of New Jersey.
In 1992, Arthur Seale and his wife kidnapped Exxon executive Sidney Reso, a township resident, from his home. The Seals sought a ransom of $18.5 million. The case received nationwide attention. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 15.762 square miles, including 15.618 square miles of land and 0.144 square miles of water. Unincorporated communities and place names located or within the township include Convent Station, Gillespie Hill, Loantaka Terrace, Normandy Heights, Normandy Park and Washington Valley. Morris Township surrounds Morristown, making it part of 21 pairs of "doughnut towns" in the state, where one municipality surrounds another; the township borders the Morris County municipalities of Parsippany-Troy Hills Township, Morris Plains and Hanover Township to the north, Harding Township to the south, Mendham Township and Randolph to the west and Florham Park and Madison to the east. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 22,306 people, 8,128 households, 5,770.880 families residing in the township.
The population density was 1,428.3 per square mile. There were 8,502 housing units at an average density of 544.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 85.28% White, 5.65% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 5.12% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.99% from other races, 1.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.55% of the population. There were 8,128 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.3% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.0% were non-families. 23.9% of all households were made up of individuals, 10.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.08. In the township, the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 29.9% from 45 to 64, 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.3 years.
For every 100 females there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 94.4 males. The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that median household income was $132,191 and the median family income was $154,265. Males had a median income of $108,448 versus $64,753 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $65,335. About 1.0% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.0% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2000 United States Census there were 21,796 people, 8,116 households, 5,949 families residing in the township; the population density was 1,383.0 people per square mile. There were 8,298 housing units at an average density of 526.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 88.63% White, 5.46% African American, 0.15% Native American, 3.90% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.91% from other races, 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.81% of the population.
There were 8,116 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.6% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.7% were non-families. 21.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 2.99. In the township the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 27.9% from 45 to 64, 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 64.9 males. The median income for a household in the township was $101,902, the median income for a family was $116,866. Males had a median income of $80,946 versus $50,864 for females; the per capita income for the township was $54,782. About 2.1% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.9% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.
Honeywell had been headquartered in Morris Township. Companies with offices and facilities in Morris Township incl
William Henry Harrison
William Henry Harrison Sr. was a United States military officer and politician who served as the ninth president of the United States in 1841. He died of paratyphoid fever 31 days into his term, he became the first president to die in office. His death sparked a brief constitutional crisis regarding succession to the presidency, as the Constitution was unclear as to whether Vice President John Tyler should assume the office of President or execute the duties of the vacant office. Tyler claimed a constitutional mandate to carry out the full powers and duties of the presidency and took the presidential oath of office, setting an important precedent for an orderly transfer of presidential power when a president leaves office. Harrison was a son of Founding Father Benjamin Harrison V and the paternal grandfather of Benjamin Harrison, the 23rd president, he was the last president born as a British subject in the Thirteen Colonies before the start of the Revolutionary War in 1775. During his early military career, he participated in the 1794 Battle of Fallen Timbers, an American military victory that ended the Northwest Indian War.
He led a military force against Tecumseh's Confederacy at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811, where he earned the nickname "Old Tippecanoe". He was promoted to major general in the Army in the War of 1812, in 1813 led American infantry and cavalry at the Battle of the Thames in Upper Canada. Harrison began his political career in 1798, when he was appointed Secretary of the Northwest Territory in 1798, in 1799 he was elected as the territory's delegate in the House of Representatives. Two years President John Adams named him governor of the newly established Indiana Territory, a post he held until 1812. After the War of 1812, he moved to Ohio where he was elected to represent the state's 1st district in the House in 1816. In 1824, the state legislature elected him to the United States Senate. Afterward, he returned to private life in Ohio until he was nominated as the Whig Party candidate for president in the 1836 election. Four years the party nominated him again with John Tyler as his running mate, the Whig campaign slogan was "Tippecanoe and Tyler Too".
They defeated Van Buren in the 1840 election. Harrison was 68 years, 23 days old at the time of his inauguration, the oldest person to have assumed office until Ronald Reagan in 1981 at 69 years, 349 days, Donald Trump in 2017 at 70 years, 220 days. Due to his brief tenure and historians forgo listing him in historical presidential rankings. However, historian William W. Freehling calls him "the most dominant figure in the evolution of the Northwest territories into the Upper Midwest today". Harrison was the seventh and youngest child of Benjamin Harrison V and Elizabeth Harrison, born on February 9, 1773 at Berkeley Plantation, the Harrison family home along the James River in Charles City County, Virginia, he was a member of a prominent political family of English descent whose ancestors had been in Virginia since the 1630s and the last American president born as a British subject. His father was a Virginia planter who served as a delegate to the Continental Congress and who signed the Declaration of Independence.
His father served in the Virginia legislature and as the fifth governor of Virginia in the years during and after the American Revolutionary War. Harrison's older brother Carter Bassett Harrison represented Virginia in the House of Representatives. Harrison was tutored at home until age 14 when he entered Hampden–Sydney College, a Presbyterian college in Virginia, he studied there for three years, receiving a classical education which included Latin, French and debate. His Episcopalian father removed him from the college for religious reasons, he attended a boys' academy in Southampton County, Virginia before being transferred to Philadelphia in 1790, he boarded with Robert Morris and entered the University of Pennsylvania in April 1791, where he studied medicine under Doctor Benjamin Rush and William Shippen Sr. His father died in the spring of 1791, shortly, he was only 18 and Morris became his guardian. Governor Henry Lee III of Virginia was a friend of Harrison's father, persuaded Harrison to join the military.
He was commissioned as an ensign in the Army in the 1st Infantry Regiment within 24 hours of meeting Lee. He was assigned to Fort Washington, Cincinnati in the Northwest Territory where the army was engaged in the ongoing Northwest Indian War. Harrison was promoted to lieutenant after Major General "Mad Anthony" Wayne took command of the western army in 1792 following a disastrous defeat under Arthur St. Clair. In 1793, he learned how to command an army on the American frontier. Harrison was a signatory of the Treaty of Greenville as witness to Wayne, the principal negotiator for the U. S. Under the terms of the treaty, a coalition of Indians ceded a portion of their lands to the federal government, opening ⅔ of Ohio to settlement. Following his mother's death in 1793, Harrison inherited a portion of his family's Virginia estate
Supreme Court of New Jersey
The Supreme Court of New Jersey is the highest court in the U. S. state of New Jersey. In its current form, the Supreme Court of New Jersey is the final judicial authority on all cases in the state court system, including cases challenging the validity of state laws under the state constitution. One of its former members, William J. Brennan, Jr. became an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. It has existed in three different forms under the three different state constitutions since the independence of the state in 1776; as constituted, the court replaced the prior New Jersey Court of Errors and Appeals, the highest court created under the Constitution of 1844. Now, the Supreme Court hears appeals from the Appellate Division and, on rare occasions, directly by order of the Court from other cases within the judicial and administrative system; until the Constitution of 1947, the Supreme Court was an intermediate court. Under the two previous New Jersey state constitutions, the phrase "Supreme Court" referred to a lower court, similar to the New York Supreme Court.
Both the "supreme court" and the actual highest court were composed in a radically different manner from that of the current supreme court or its inferior courts. Under the colonial constitution of 1776 the upper house of the legislature along with the governor was to be "the Court of Appeals", defined as the court of last resort, similar to the Law Lords of Great Britain. A separate "Supreme Court" was mentioned, but no indication of its duties was given, only term limits of its judges; as time progressed and political philosophies changed, people took issue with numerous parts of the original constitution: It was hastily thrown together, used property qualifications for enfranchisement, contained scant guarantees of freedoms, was unamendable, intermingled the three branches of government. Under the current constitution, the highest court in the state is the Supreme Court, it does not have original jurisdiction, hearing appeals, regulating the state's court system, regulating the legal profession within the state.
An appeal from one of the trial divisions of the New Jersey Superior Court goes to the Appellate Division of that court. Thereafter, it may be brought before the Supreme Court if a statute provides that the case may go to that court, or if it meets one or more of the following five requirements: as of right if the case involves a question of constitutionality. In practice, appeal to the Supreme Court as of right is rare, the Supreme Court hears cases on certification; the court serves as a de facto tie-breaker in case the twelve-member New Jersey Redistricting Commission fails to come to an agreement on who the 13th independent tie-breaking member will be, following the decennial United States Census. If the commission reports to the court that it is evenly divided, the commission may nominate two people to become an independent 13th member; the court appoints the one deemed "more qualified," who will break the tie. If the Commission still cannot reach a 7–6 majority in favor of a final redistricting configuration, the two district plans receiving the greatest number of votes, but not fewer than five votes, are submitted to the Supreme Court, which selects and certifies whichever of the two plans so submitted conforms most to the requirements of the Constitution and laws of the United States.
In the case of the Apportionment Commission for state legislative districts, the Chief Justice alone gets to pick the final 11th member of the Commission. The court acts as final arbiter of the inability or absence of the Governor or Lieutenant Governor, following a declaration by the Legislature; as in federal impeachment trials, in case of impeachment of the Governor, the Chief Justice presides. The Governor nominates all Justices to the Court but may choose only from among those lawyers admitted to the New Jersey bar for at least ten years. Following seven days of public notice, nominees are put before the Senate for "advice and consent". Once appointed after State Senate confirmation, justices serve for an initial term of seven years. After their initial term, the Governor may choose to nominate them for tenure, sending the nomination for tenure to the State Senate, which must again decide whether or not to grant advice and consent. Judges confirmed to a tenured position on the Court serve until they die, retire or are retired, are impeached and removed, or reach the age of 70, at which point they are automatically retired.
The Court consists of seven justices. The Chief Justice may select judges from the Superior Court, senior in service, to serve temporarily on the Supreme Court when he determines it necessary to fill a vacancy; the salary of the Chief Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court is $192,795 while the salary of each Associate Justice is $185,482. Once in office, the salary of judges may not be decreased. While sitting on the bench, judges are not permitted to practice law or earn money from any other source. A majority of the General Assembly may pas
Peyton Short was a land speculator and politician in Kentucky. He was a member of the first Kentucky Senate, he was the brother of William Short. Peyton Short was born December 17, 1761 to William and Elizabeth Short at Spring Garden, their estate in Surry County, Virginia, he received his early education under the tutelage of his brother William. He followed his brother to The College of William and Mary where he was a member of Phi Beta Kappa Society; the society was struggling to retain membership, Short was absent from meetings with poor or no excuse given. His attendance improved, he graduated from William and Mary in 1780. Though many sources refer to him as "Major" Peyton Short, no documentation of his rank has been discovered. If the rank was legitimate, it was most earned in either the Virginia or Kentucky militia. Upon his father's death and his brother William became co-executors of their father's estate; because of a scarcity of money in the family, they defied their father's request to pay off all debts and instead decided to hold the majority of his assets for investment.
Short merged much of his brother's inheritance with his own, with no explanation given. As a young lawyer, Short boarded with a widow in Kentucky. While there, he became acquainted with Rachel Donelson Robards, who would become the wife of President Andrew Jackson. At the time, Robards was married to Lewis Robards, the son of the widow with whom Short was boarding. On one occasion, Robards came, he opined. A heated argument ensued, though Robards's mother took her daughter-in-law's side, Robards ordered Rachel never to show her face in the house again. Though they reconciled, Robards accused Short of breaking up their marriage. Short came to Kentucky with future Governor of Kentucky Charles Scott. Rather than cross the wilderness from Virginia, the pair traveled down the Ohio River and landed at the Falls of the Ohio. From there, Short journeyed to Lincoln County. While there, he was invited to become a member of the Danville Political Club, a debating society, active in that city from 1786 to 1790.
In 1788, he married Maria Symmes, the daughter of John Cleves Symmes, who he had met at James Wilkinson's house two years earlier. He moved to Greenfield, his estate in Woodford County about 1790; the couple had three children: Charles and Anna. His son, John married Betsey Basset Harrison, the daughter of Peyton's brother-in-law, William Henry Harrison; that year, he partnered with Wilkinson in opening a general store. Short took an active part in the early economic life of Kentucky. In 1789, he became the first collector of the port at Louisville. In 1791, he was elected one of the trustees of the city of Lexington, but resigned the post the following year, he was one of the electors chosen to elect the first governor of Kentucky and its first state senators. The other electors chose him to represent Fayette County in the first Kentucky Senate from 1792 to 1796. In 1793, Short became president of the Transylvania Company. In this capacity, he managed a lottery to raise funds for the school, known as Transylvania University.
He served on the board of trustees for the seminary. He voted in the minority against elevating Harry Toulmin, a Unitarian, to the presidency of the Presbyterian institution. Short, Caleb Wallace, Christopher Greenup resigned their positions on the board in protest. Short's wife Maria died in 1802. About 1803, he married widow of Armistead Churchill. Together, they had three daughters, Jane and Sarah. Jane Churchill-Short died in 1808 or 1809. Short incurred severe financial losses. In 1809, he traveled through Mississippi Territory trying to recover his fortune, his attempt was futile, by 1813 the only thing he owned was his own home. He had to sell the estate and relocated to Christian County, settling near Hopkinsville, he died September 1825 in Christian County. Clark, William. Dear Brother. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-10106-6. Retrieved 2008-12-11. Hamlin, L. Belle. "Peyton Short". The quarterly publication of the Historical and Philosophical Society of Ohio. 5. Retrieved 2008-12-10. Merrill, Boynton.
Jefferson's Nephews. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-8297-4. Retrieved 2008-12-10. Patterson, Benton Rain; the Generals. NYU Press. ISBN 0-8147-6717-6. Retrieved 2008-12-11. Peter, Robert. Transylvania University: Its Origin, Rise and Fall. J. P. Morton and Company. Retrieved 2008-12-11. Shackelford, George Green. Jefferson's Adoptive Son. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-1797-6. Retrieved 2008-12-11. Speed, Thomas; the Political Club, Kentucky, 1786–1790. John P. Morton. Retrieved 2008-12-02. Staples, Charles R.. The History of Pioneer Lexington, 1779–1806; the University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-1913-8. Retrieved 2008-12-11. Wilkinson, Ann Biddle. Letters of Mrs. Ann Biddle Wilkinson from Kentucky, 1788–1789. Kessinger Publishing. ISBN 1-4286-6212-X. Retrieved 2008-12-11
A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney at law, barrister-at-law, bar-at-law, civil law notary, counselor, counselor at law, chartered legal executive, or public servant preparing and applying law, but not as a paralegal or charter executive secretary. Working as a lawyer involves the practical application of abstract legal theories and knowledge to solve specific individualized problems, or to advance the interests of those who hire lawyers to perform legal services; the role of the lawyer varies across legal jurisdictions, so it can be treated here in only the most general terms. In practice, legal jurisdictions exercise their right to determine, recognized as being a lawyer; as a result, the meaning of the term "lawyer" may vary from place to place. Some jurisdictions have two types of lawyers and solicitors, whilst others fuse the two. A barrister is a lawyer. A solicitor is a lawyer, trained to prepare cases and give advice on legal subjects and can represent people in lower courts.
Both barristers and solicitors have gone through law school, completed the requisite practical training. However, in jurisdictions where there is a split-profession, only barristers are admitted as members of their respective bar association. In Australia, the word "lawyer" can be used to refer to both barristers and solicitors, whoever is admitted as a lawyer of the Supreme Court of a state or territory. In Canada, the word "lawyer" only refers to individuals who have been called to the bar or, in Quebec, have qualified as civil law notaries. Common law lawyers in Canada are formally and properly called "barristers and solicitors", but should not be referred to as "attorneys", since that term has a different meaning in Canadian usage, being a person appointed under a power of attorney. However, in Quebec, civil law advocates call themselves "attorney" and sometimes "barrister and solicitor" in English, all lawyers in Quebec, or lawyers in the rest of Canada when practising in French, are addressed with the honorific title, "Me." or "Maître".
In England and Wales, "lawyer" is used to refer to persons who provide reserved and unreserved legal activities and includes practitioners such as barristers, solicitors, registered foreign lawyers, patent attorneys, trade mark attorneys, licensed conveyancers, public notaries, commissioners for oaths, immigration advisers and claims management services. The Legal Services Act 2007 defines the "legal activities" that may only be performed by a person, entitled to do so pursuant to the Act.'Lawyer' is not a protected title. In Pakistan, the term "Advocate" is used instead of lawyer in The Legal Practitioners and Bar Councils Act, 1973. In India, the term "lawyer" is colloquially used, but the official term is "advocate" as prescribed under the Advocates Act, 1961. In Scotland, the word "lawyer" refers to a more specific group of trained people, it includes advocates and solicitors. In a generic sense, it may include judges and law-trained support staff. In the United States, the term refers to attorneys who may practice law.
It is never used to refer to patent paralegals. In fact, there are statutory and regulatory restrictions on non-lawyers like paralegals practicing law. Other nations tend to have comparable terms for the analogous concept. In most countries civil law countries, there has been a tradition of giving many legal tasks to a variety of civil law notaries and scriveners; these countries do not have "lawyers" in the American sense, insofar as that term refers to a single type of general-purpose legal services provider. It is difficult to formulate accurate generalizations that cover all the countries with multiple legal professions, because each country has traditionally had its own peculiar method of dividing up legal work among all its different types of legal professionals. Notably, the mother of the common law jurisdictions, emerged from the Dark Ages with similar complexity in its legal professions, but evolved by the 19th century to a single dichotomy between barristers and solicitors. An equivalent dichotomy developed between procurators in some civil law countries.
Several countries that had two or more legal professions have since fused or united their professions into a single type of lawyer. Most countries in this category are common law countries, though France, a civil law country, merged its jurists in 1990 and 1991 in response to Anglo-American competition. In countries with fused professions, a lawyer is permitted to carry out all or nearly all the responsibilities listed below. Arguing a client's case before a judge or jury in a court of law is the traditional province of the barrister in England, of advocates in some civil law jurisdictions. However, the boundary between barristers and solicitors has evolved. In England today, the barrister monopoly covers only appellate courts, barristers must compete directly with solicitors in many trial courts. In countries like the United States, that have fused legal professions, there are trial lawyers who specialize in trying cases in court, but trial lawyers do not have a de jure monopoly like barristers.
In some countries, litigants have the option of arguing pro
New Jersey Legislative Council
The New Jersey Legislative Council was the upper house of the New Jersey Legislature under the New Jersey Constitution of 1776 until it was replaced by the New Jersey Senate under the Constitution of 1844. The Legislative Council replaced the New Jersey Provincial Council, the upper house under colonial rule; the Provincial Council consisted of up to twelve members, appointed by and serving at the pleasure of the British crown. As this created an overly aristocratic and non representative body, the framers of the 1776 state constitution provided for an elected Legislative Council, with one Member of Council elected in each county for a one-year term; this structure would remain in place after 1844, when the Legislative Council would be replaced by the New Jersey Senate, continued until 1965. The 1776 Constitution set up a fusion of powers system of state government, which allowed for an overlap of executive and judicial authority, it provided for a bicameral legislature consisting of a General Assembly with three members from each county and a Legislative Council with one member from each county.
All state officials, including the governor, were to be appointed by the Legislature under this constitution. The Vice-President of Council would succeed the Governor; the Governor was elected to a one-year term by the Legislative Council and the General Assembly — in joint meeting — and served, with casting vote, as the President of the Council. The Legislative Council itself chose one of its members to be Vice-President of Council who would succeed if a vacancy occurred in the Governor's office; each county elected one member for a one-year term. Members were required to be "an inhabitant and freeholder in the county in which he is chosen, worth at least one thousand pounds proclamation money, of real and personal estate, within the same county". Thirteen counties in 1776 increased to eighteen by 1844. In addition to electing the Governor, the Legislative Council and the General Assembly — in joint meeting — chose the Judges of the New Jersey Supreme Court, Judges of the Inferior Court of Common Pleas, Justices of the Peace, Clerks of the Supreme Court, County Clerks, Attorney General, Secretary of State.
Under the fusion of powers system, the Governor and Council comprised the Court of Appeals, "in the last resort", continuing the system in use under colonial rule. Three or more Members of the Legislative Council were to be a privy council to the Governor. Under the 1776 constitution, the Legislative Council had the same powers as the Assembly in the introduction and passage of bills, with the exception that the Council could not "prepare or alter any money bill". Sessions of the Legislative Council could only be convened; the Speaker of the Assembly was required to notify the Governor or Vice President of Council at each adjournment of the lower house of the time at which it would reconvene. The following is a list of past Vice-Presidents of the New Jersey Legislative Council from the adoption of the 1776 State Constitution; the Avalon Project: New Jersey Constitution of 1776 Richard J. Connors, The Constitution of 1776 New Jersey Legislature
The Kentucky Senate is the upper house of the Kentucky General Assembly. The Kentucky Senate is composed of 38 members elected from single-member districts throughout the Commonwealth. There are no term limits for Kentucky Senators; the Kentucky Senate meets at the Kentucky State Capitol in Frankfort. According to Section 32 of the Kentucky Constitution, a state senator must: be at least 30 years old. Per section 30 of the Kentucky Constitution, senators are elected to four year staggered terms, with half the Senate elected every two years. Prior to a 1992 constitutional amendment, the Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky presided over the Senate. President: Robert Stivers President pro tempore: David P. Givens Additionally, each political party elects a floor leader and caucus chairman. Current party leadership of the Kentucky Senate: Republican Party Leader: Damon Thayer Whip: Jimmy Higdon Caucus chair: Dan Seum Democratic Party Leader: Morgan McGarvey Whip: Dennis Parrett Caucus chair: Johnny Ray Turner As of 10 January 2019: Carolyn Conn Moore became the first woman to serve in the Kentucky Senate when in November 1949 she won a special election to replace her husband, J. Lee Moore, in the legislature after his death.
Gerald Neal became the first African-American to be elected to the Kentucky Senate in 1988. Gerald Neal became the first African-American to be elected to a leadership position in the Kentucky General Assembly in 2014; as of 16 July 2018. Kentucky General Assembly Kentucky House of Representatives Government of Kentucky American Legislative Exchange Council members Kentucky Legislature Senate Members official government website State Senate of Kentucky at Project Vote Smart Kentucky Senate at Ballotpedia