The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
The New Kids
The New Kids is a 1985 American horror-thriller film, directed by Sean S. Cunningham and starring Shannon Presby and Lori Loughlin; the film was released on January 1985, by Columbia Pictures. When Abby and Loren McWilliams' parents are killed in an accident, it is decided that they will live in the small town of Glenby, Florida with their uncle Charlie and aunt Fay, who own a gas station and a small amusement park, both of which share the property. Loren and Abby do not have much trouble making friends at their new school. However, trouble arises. Mark tells Loren and Abby that the thug is Eddie Dutra, a drug-addicted teenager who heads a gang as bad as he is, with Gideon, Moonie and Joe Bob. Dutra finds Abby attractive, uses that as his motive. Loren helps Abby keep Dutra at a distance, Dutra does not like that at all. Dutra and his gang start retaliating against Loren for keeping them away from Abby. Dutra's retaliations keep getting more and more vicious until Dutra forces a showdown at the amusement park by kidnapping Abby.
Charlie is injured by Dutra. Gordo is killed by a vicious dog, Dutra kills the dog. Loren causes Moonie to be thrown to his death from the Ferris wheel Loren causes Joe Bob to be electrocuted above the bumper car ride Loren uses the roller coaster to decapitate Gideon. Dutra fires a shot at Abby, who flees to the parking lot of the gas station, where Dutra hits her with the gun. Dutra grabs a nozzle from one of the gas pumps and lights it up to be used as a flame thrower. Loren grabs Dutra, Loren and Dutra struggle over the nozzle. Dutra dies. Charlie survives his injuries, the park is reopened after being repaired; as Abby and Karen drive away in a car, Joe Bob's little brother looks on in a threatening state. Shannon Presby as Loren McWilliams Lori Loughlin as Abby McWilliams James Spader as Eddie Dutra John Philbin as Gideon David H. MacDonald as Moonie Vince Grant as Joe Bob Theron Montgomery as Gordo Eddie Jones as Charlie McWilliams Lucy Martin as Fay McWilliams Eric Stoltz as Mark Paige Lyn Price as Karen Court Miller as Sheriff Tom Atkins as Mac McWilliams Jean De Baer as Mary Beth McWilliams Robertson Carricart as Deputy Filming took place in Homestead, Florida.
AllMovie's review of the film was unfavorable. The New Kids on IMDb The New Kids at Rotten Tomatoes The New Kids at Box Office Mojo
Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC
Dead Run (The Twilight Zone)
"Dead Run" is the second segment of the nineteenth episode from the first season of the television series The Twilight Zone. Johnny Davis is unemployed due to his many accidents. Johnny asks a friend of his father, for help getting a job. Pete warns Johnny that the jobs he takes require unusual resilience and fortitude. Johnny insists that he understands and Pete agrees to take him on his next run. Johnny discovers that the run involves delivering souls to Hell via semi-trailer truck, he finds out that the souls of the newly dead have been causing disturbances in Hell and it is making the truckers nervous. Dropping their cargo in Hell and Johnny witness anarchy. Souls run around loose and some of the dead plead with Johnny to rescue them. Other souls attack the drivers. Gary tells Johnny that the cause of the commotion is that people are being sent to Hell who don't deserve it. Gary explains that a new bureaucracy has taken over the job of deciding who goes to Hell. Pete and one of the guards in Hell find Johnny, summoned to a meeting with upper management.
Johnny relates what he heard and saw, the manager explains how the process works. Johnny thinks the standards used to determine, sent to Hell are excessive and biased and people are being damned for minor offenses; the executive reasons that they're using "time-honored Biblical standards". Johnny decides to interview the dead that ride with him and he can decide which of the dead should go to Hell and which he should release; when one of the souls asks why he is doing this, Johnny replies that he remembered a story from the Bible: between the Crucifixion and Resurrection, Jesus went down to Hell to give the souls there another chance. Johnny reasons that he is just using his own "time-honored Biblical standard." This episode is based on the short story "Dead Run" by Greg Bear, first published in Omni. Zicree, Marc Scott: The Twilight Zone Companion. Sillman-James Press, 1982 "Dead Run" on IMDb "Dead Run" at TV.com
Blonde is a 2001 comedy film written and directed by Andrew Van Slee and starring Krista Allen, Maeve Quinlan and Michael Bublé. The musical soundtrack was released as the album Totally Bublé; the airhead comedy was Bublé's second film, after a bit part as a singer in Duets starring Gwyneth Paltrow and Huey Lewis, followed by a role as Hap in The Snow Walker. The soundtrack, moderately successful, was soon followed by his first major label release Michael Bublé. Meg Peters just can't seem to find Mr. Right. Men begin to swarm around, but none she feels is Mr. Right until she meets a crooner at a local club; the plot thickens when she meets an old high-school friend, now a wealthy hunk. Typical situations follow, such as a scene where she stands up Bublé for a date with Hutzler, Bublé ends up making out with her girlfriend played by Maeve Quinlan. In the rather contrived ending, everything ends happily. One critic describes the film as a "fairly disastrous romantic comedy", but says that Bublé's music, written by Van Slee, helps redeem it, as does the likable cast.
Blonde on IMDb Totally Blonde at Rotten Tomatoes
The Couch Trip
The Couch Trip is a 1988 American comedy film directed by Michael Ritchie. It stars Walter Matthau, Charles Grodin and Donna Dixon. Alleged mental patient John Burns, a former computer hacker, is sent to Dr Lawrence Bairds' office after causing a riot in the hospital cafeteria. Dr Baird receives a message from his secretary; as Dr Baird leaves his office, coincidentally Burns intercepts a telephone call from Dr Maitlins' Lawyer, requesting if Dr Baird could fill in for Dr. George Maitlin on his popular radio talk show. Burns assumes Dr. Baird's identity and jumps at the chance to escape the hospital. With the help of Dr. Baird's secretary, he breaks out and picks up a waiting ticket at the Chicago airport. Burns arrives in Los Angeles, where he is met by Dr. Maitlin's radio show assistant Laura Rollins and escorted to the waiting limousine, he crosses paths with Donald Becker, a crazy priest, collecting money to save plants. Becker recognizes; when the time comes to do the radio talk show, Burns is a huge hit, offering people free consultations and using profanity on the air.
He arranges for listeners to go to a baseball game at Dodger Stadium for free. All goes well until Dr. Maitlin meets the real Dr. Baird in London, when they both attend the same seminar, they fly back to L. A. to try to find what is going on behind their backs. Burns has been paid for the show and is ready to leave town when he sees on the in-flight TV that Becker is on top of the Hollywood sign shouting Baird's name. Burns decides to go back and help to resolve the situation, where he is arrested only to be rescued on the way to the penitentiary by Becker and Maitlin's assistant Rollins. In the last few scenes of the movie, Burns gives his inmate number "7474505B", the same number that Jake Blues had in The Blues Brothers and Louis Winthorpe III in Trading Places. Dan Aykroyd as John Burns Walter Matthau as Donald Becker Charles Grodin as George Maitlin Donna Dixon as Laura Rollins Richard Romanus as Harvey Michaels Mary Gross as Vera Maitlin David Clennon as Lawrence Baird Scott Thomson as Klevin David Wohl as Dr. Smet Arye Gross as Perry Kovin Victoria Jackson as Robin Chevy Chase as "Condom Father" The movie received mixed reviews.
It has a rating of 38% based on 8 reviews on Rotten Tomatoes. Although the film was a flop at the box office, it did well on home video; the Couch Trip on IMDb The Couch Trip at Box Office Mojo The Couch Trip at Rotten Tomatoes