Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east, the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean, the geography and wildlife of the country are extremely diverse. At 3.8 million square miles and with over 324 million people, the United States is the worlds third- or fourth-largest country by area, third-largest by land area. It is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century, the United States emerged from 13 British colonies along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the following the Seven Years War led to the American Revolution. On July 4,1776, during the course of the American Revolutionary War, the war ended in 1783 with recognition of the independence of the United States by Great Britain, representing the first successful war of independence against a European power.
The current constitution was adopted in 1788, after the Articles of Confederation, the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War led to the end of slavery in the country. By the end of century, the United States extended into the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the status as a global military power. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the sole superpower. The U. S. is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States. The United States is a developed country, with the worlds largest economy by nominal GDP. It ranks highly in several measures of performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP. While the U. S. economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge economy, the United States is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.
In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America after the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci
Lafayette is a city located along the Vermilion River in southwestern Louisiana. The city of Lafayette is the fourth-largest in the state, with a population of 127,657 according to 2015 U. S. Census estimates and it is the principal city of the Lafayette, Louisiana Metropolitan Statistical Area, with a 2015 estimated population of 490,488. The larger trade area or Combined Statistical Area of Lafayette-Opelousas-Morgan City CSA was 627,146 in 2015, Lafayette is the parish seat of Lafayette Parish, Louisiana. Its nickname is The Hub City, the American city was founded as Vermilionville in 1821 by Jean Mouton, a French-speaking man of Acadian descent. In 1884, it was renamed for General Lafayette, who fought with, the citys economy was primarily based on agriculture until the 1940s, when the petroleum and natural gas industries became dominant. Lafayette is considered the center of Acadiana, the area of Cajun and Creole culture in Louisiana and it developed following the relocation of Acadians after their expulsion by the British from eastern Canada in the late 18th century following Frances defeat in the Seven Years War.
There is a strong Louisiana Creole influence in the area, Lafayette is located at 30°13′N 92°2′W and has an elevation of 36 feet. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 49.2 square miles. Lafayette is located on the West Gulf Coastal Plain, what is now Lafayette was part of the seabed during the earlier Quaternary Period. During this time, the Mississippi River cut a 325-foot-deep valley between what is now Lafayette and Baton Rouge and this valley was filled and is now the Atchafalaya Basin. Lafayette is located on the rim of this valley. This land, called the southwestern Louisiana Prairie Terrace, is higher up and not made of wetland like much of the areas to the south. The Vermilion River runs through the center of Lafayette, other significant waterways in the city are Isaac Verot Coulee, Coulee Mine, Coulee des Poches and Coulee Ile des Cannes, which are natural drainage canals that lead to the Vermilion River. Lafayettes climate is described as humid subtropical using Köppen climate classification, Lafayette is typical of areas along the Gulf of Mexico in that it has hot, humid summers and mild winters.
As of the census of 2010, there were 120,623 people,43,506 households, the population density was 2,316.7 people per square mile. There were 46,865 housing units at a density of 984.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 68. 23% White,28. 51% African American,0. 25% Native American,1. 44% Asian,0. 02% Pacific Islander,0. 58% from other races, and 0. 97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7. 88% of the population
Amoco Corporation, originally Standard Oil Company, was a global chemical and oil company that was founded in 1889 around a refinery located in Whiting, United States. It absorbed the American Oil Company, founded in Baltimore in 1910 and incorporated in 1922 by Louis Blaustein, Amoco merged with British Petroleum in December 1998, forming BP Amoco. Shortly after the merger, Amoco stations began a rebranding that saw the stations change their names to the BP marque while continuing to sell Amoco-branded fuel. Eventually all traces of the Amoco brand name were eliminated and the stations adopted the BP branding permanently, the firms innovations included two essential parts of the modern industry, the gasoline tanker truck and the drive-through filling station. Its headquarters were located in the Amoco Building in Chicago, Standard Oil was formed in 1889 by John D. Rockefeller as part of the Standard Oil trust. In 1910, with the rise in popularity of the automobile, in 1911, the year it became independent from the Standard Oil trust, the company sold 88% of the gasoline and kerosene sold in the Midwest.
In 1912 it opened its first gas station in Minneapolis. It had the rights to use the Standard name in the region. It purchased the Dixie Oil Company of Louisiana in 1919 and began investing in oil companies outside its Standard marketing territory. Blaustein incorporated his business as the American Oil Co. in 1922, in 1923 the Blausteins sold a half interest in American Oil to the Pan American Petroleum & Transport company in exchange for a guaranteed supply of oil. Before this deal, Amoco was forced to depend on Standard Oil of New Jersey, Standard Oil of Indiana acquired Pan American in 1925, beginning John D. Rockefellers association with the Amoco name. In the 1920s and 1930s Indiana Standard opened up dozens more refining and oil-drilling facilities, combined with a new oil-refining process, Indiana Standard created its exploration and production business, Stanolind, in 1931. In the following years, a period of exploration and search for oil-rich fields ensued. In 1925, it bought a stake in the Pan American Petroleum, the acquired company had previously bought a half interest in the American Oil Company, which marketed half of PATs oil in the United States.
Indiana Standard raised its stake in PAT to 81 percent by 1929, in 1931, Stanolind completed its acquisition of Sinclair Pipeline and acquired the Sinclair Crude Oil Purchasing Company. All of the companies were consolidated into the newly formed Stanolind Pipeline Company. The crude oil purchasing operations became Stanolind Crude Oil Purchasing Company, the pipeline company headquarters were located in the Philcade building in Tulsa, Oklahoma. In 1957, all of the corporations pipeline activities were merged into a single entity, the Amoco lead-free gasoline was sold at Americans stations in the eastern and southern U. S. alongside American Regular gasoline, which was a leaded fuel
Daughters of the American Revolution
The Daughters of the American Revolution is a lineage-based membership service organization for women who are directly descended from a person involved in the United States struggle for independence. A non-profit group, they work to promote preservation, education. It currently has approximately 180,000 members in the United States and its motto is God and Country. The DAR is a white organization with a record of excluding African American women. In 1889 the centennial of President George Washingtons inauguration was celebrated, out of the renewed interest in United States history, numerous patriotic and preservation societies were founded. The first meeting of the society was held August 9,1890, the first DAR chapter was organized on October 11,1890, at the Strathmore Arms, the home of Mary Smith Lockwood, one of the DARs four co-founders. Other founders were Eugenia Washington, a great-grandniece of George Washington, Ellen Hardin Walworth and they had held organizational meetings in August 1890.
The First Lady, Caroline Lavina Scott Harrison, wife of President Benjamin Harrison, lent her prestige to the founding of DAR, having initiated a renovation of the White House, she was interested in historic preservation. She helped establish the goals of DAR, which was incorporated by charter in 1896. This was in addition to fraternal and civic organizations flourishing in this period. The DAR chapters raised funds to initiate a number of historic preservation and they began a practice of installing markers at the graves of Revolutionary War veterans to indicate their service, and adding small flags at their gravesites on Memorial Day. Other activities included commissioning and installing monuments to battles and other related to the War. The DAR recognized women patriots contributions as well as those of soldiers, for instance, they installed a monument at the site of a spring where Polly Hawkins Craig and other women got water to use against flaming arrows, in the defense of Bryan Station.
In addition to installing markers and monuments, DAR chapters have purchased and operated historic houses, see DAR Historic Sites and Database for a map and database of DAR sites. Washington, D. C. had segregated facilities under laws established by a Southern-dominated Congress, in 1945, African-American jazz singer Hazel Scott was excluded from performing at Constitution Hall. In October 1945, the DAR invited First Lady Bess Truman to a tea at the hall, congressman Powell protested and asked Truman not to attend the tea. She chose to go, but said publicly that she opposed discrimination, the White House received letters asking Bess Truman to resign from the DAR in protest of their policy, she declined to do so. Other letters supported her having attended the tea, the DAR did not officially reverse its white performers only policy until 1952
The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia-Pacific War, was the theater of World War II that was fought in the Pacific and East Asia. It was fought over a vast area that included the Pacific Ocean and islands, the South West Pacific, South-East Asia, and in China. The Pacific War saw the Allied powers pitted against the Empire of Japan, the formal and official surrender of Japan took place aboard the battleship USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay on 2 September 1945. In Allied countries during the war, The Pacific War was not usually distinguished from World War II in general, or was known simply as the War against Japan. Japan used the name Greater East Asia War, as chosen by a decision on 10 December 1941. Japanese officials integrated what they called the Japan–China Incident into the Greater East Asia War, in Japan, the Fifteen Years War is used, referring to the period from the Mukden Incident of 1931 through 1945. The Phayap Army sent troops to invade and occupy northeastern Burma, involved were the Japanese puppet states of Manchukuo and Mengjiang, and the collaborationist Wang Jingwei regime.
The official policy of the U. S. Government is that Thailand was not an ally of the Axis, Japan conscripted many soldiers from its colonies of Korea and Formosa. To a small extent, some Vichy French, Indian National Army and Italy both had limited involvement in the Pacific War. The German and the Italian navies operated submarines and raiding ships in the Indian, the Italians had access to concession territory naval bases in China, while the Germans did not. After Japans attack on Pearl Harbor and the subsequent declarations of war, Free France and many other countries took part, especially forces from other British colonies. Between 1942 and 1945, there were four main areas of conflict in the Pacific War, the Central Pacific, South East Asia, U. S. sources refer to two theaters within the Pacific War, the Pacific theater and the China Burma India Theater. However these were not operational commands, in the Pacific, the Allies divided operational control of their forces between two supreme commands, known as Pacific Ocean Areas and Southwest Pacific Area.
In 1945, for a period just before the Japanese surrender. By 1937, Japan controlled Manchuria and was ready to move deeper into China, the Marco Polo Bridge Incident on 7 July 1937 provoked full-scale war between China and Japan. In August 1937, Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek deployed his best army to fight about 300,000 Japanese troops in Shanghai, the Japanese continued to push the Chinese forces back, capturing the capital Nanking in December 1937 and committed which was known as Nanking Massacre. In March 1938, Nationalist forces won their first victory at Taierzhuang, but the city of Xuzhou was taken by Japanese in May. In June 1938, Japan deployed about 350,000 troops to invade Wuhan, the Japanese achieved major military victories, but world opinion—in particular in the United States—condemned Japan, especially after the Panay incident
F. Jay Taylor
Foster Jay Taylor, known as F. Jay Taylor, was a historian who served from 1962 to 1987 as the president of Louisiana Tech University in Ruston in Lincoln Parish in north Louisiana, Taylor wrote books on the American and the Spanish civil wars. Taylor was born in Gibsland in Bienville Parish to Lawrence Foster Taylor and he graduated from Gibsland High School in 1940. He attended Louisiana Tech as a student for four semesters from 1940 to 1942, in May 1942, he enlisted in the United States Navy. He completed aviation training in 1943 and was commissioned as an ensign, as a Navy pilot, he logged two thousand hours of flight time during World War II. He was sent to the Pacific theatre for two tours of duty and rose to the rank of lieutenant commander and he was honorably discharged from military service in 1946. Taylor received his Bachelor of Arts degree in science in 1948 from the University of California at Berkeley. In 1949, he obtained a Master of Arts from Claremont Graduate University and he was named to the Claremont Alumni Hall of Fame.
He procured his Ph. D. in history and government in 1952 from Tulane University in New Orleans, Taylor was thirty-nine when he was named as the Louisiana Tech president. He presided over the transformation and expanded enrollment of the institution, founded in 1894, many modern buildings were constructed under his watch, some of which, such as Neilson Hall mens dormitory, have since been discarded. Jay Taylor was not the first Taylor to have been president of the institution, W. E. Taylor, a biology professor and partial namesake of the Carson-Taylor Science Building, was the president from 1904 to 1906. Taylor was an active, highly visible president who spoke before educational, in 1968, Taylor hired Wiley W. Hilburn from Shreveport Times to revamp the Louisiana Tech Journalism Department and make the college newspaper, The Tech Talk, more indicative of student viewpoints. Hilburn went on to head the department for thirty-one years and to continue to write editorials, columns. In 1974, Taylor hired Sonja Hogg, a 28-year-old physical education instructor at Ruston High School, the program began with a $5,000 appropriation, reached the Final Four in 1979, and won the national championship in 1981.
Hogg was succeeded as coach of the Lady Techsters by Leon Barmore, since 1979, Tech has given an annual award in Taylors name to a successful faculty member engaged in undergraduate teaching duties. Jay Taylor Eminent Scholar Chair of Journalism and an F, under Walkers tenure ULM expanded fourfold in enrollment. Meanwhile, Arnold R. Kilpatrick from 1966 to 1978 was the president of NSU, ralph Waldo Emerson Jones was president of historically black Grambling State University in Grambling, some five miles from the Tech campus during this same period. Taylor was inducted into the Louisiana Tech University Athletic Hall of Fame in 1992, Taylor was eulogized by attorney and fellow arbitrator Sidney Sid Moreland, IV, a former Louisiana Tech Student Body President under Dr. Taylors tenure at Tech
Ruston is a small city and the parish seat of Lincoln Parish, United States. It is the largest city in the Eastern Ark-La-Tex region, as of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 21,859, reflecting an increase of 6.4 percent from the count of 20,546 counted in the 2000 Census. Ruston is near the border of the Ark-La-Tex region and is the home of Louisiana Tech University. Its economy is based on its college population. Ruston hosts the annual Peach Festival, Ruston is the principal city of the Ruston Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Lincoln parish. Robert Edwin Russ, the Lincoln Parish sheriff from 1877–1880, donated 640 acres to the town, in 1883, commercial and residential lots were created and sold for $375 apiece, and soon the sawing of lumber and clacking of hammers could be heard throughout the area. As the town began to shape, new churches, civic organizations. In 1900 a second railroad, running north and south, was built through Ruston and this brought even more business and industry to the area and the population continued to provide a foundation for the local economy.
By the time the U. S. entered World War I in 1917, Ruston was established as a center for learning, in 1938, an African-American 19-year old named R. C. Williams was accused of killing a man and assaulting a white woman. A crowd captured the man and tortured him with hot pokers before hanging him from a tree in a lynching. A grand jury ruled that there was insufficient evidence to press charges against any of the perpetrators, Ruston grew steadily during the post-World War II years. By the middle 1960s, Interstate 20 passed through the part of Ruston. This coast-to-coast highway made Ruston more easily accessible, much as the railroad had done a century earlier, in the 1980s, the state of Louisiana economy declined as the oil industry went into a recession. Ruston, continued growing steadily because of the expansion of Louisiana Tech. The city had its centennial celebration during this decade, more than fifteen buildings have been placed on the National Register of Historic Places. The city has a new general aviation airport to serve existing business and industry, Ruston is located at 32°31′47″N 92°38′26″W and has an elevation of 331 feet.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 18.2 square miles
Arkansas is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the states diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U. S. Interior Highlands, to the forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River. Arkansas is the 29th largest by area and the 33rd most populous of the 50 United States, the capital and most populous city is Little Rock, located in the central portion of the state, a hub for transportation, business and government. The northwestern corner of the state, such as the Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers Metropolitan Area and Fort Smith metropolitan area, is a population, the largest city in the eastern part of the state is Jonesboro. The largest city in the part of the state is Pine Bluff. The Territory of Arkansas was admitted to the Union as the 25th state on June 15,1836, in 1861 Arkansas withdrew from the United States and joined the Confederate States of America during the Civil War.
Upon returning to the Union in 1868, the state would continue to suffer due to its reliance on slavery. White rural interests continued to dominate the politics until the Civil Rights Movement. Arkansas began to diversify its economy following World War II and relies on its service industry, poultry, tourism and rice. The culture of Arkansas is observable in museums, novels, television shows, restaurants and physicist William L. McMillan, who was a pioneer in superconductor research, have all lived in Arkansas. The name Arkansas derives from the root as the name for the state of Kansas. The Kansa tribe of Native Americans are closely associated with the Sioux tribes of the Great Plains, the word Arkansas itself is a French pronunciation of a Quapaw word, meaning land of downriver people or the Sioux word akakaze meaning people of the south wind. In 2007, the legislature passed a non-binding resolution declaring the possessive form of the states name to be Arkansass which has been followed increasingly by the state government.
Arkansas borders Louisiana to the south, Texas to the southwest, Oklahoma to the west, Missouri to the north, as well as Tennessee, the United States Census Bureau classifies Arkansas as a southern state, sub-categorized among the West South Central States. The state line along the Mississippi River is indeterminate along much of the border with Mississippi due to these changes. Arkansas can generally be split into two halves, the highlands in the northwest half and the lowlands of the southeastern half, the highlands are part of the Southern Interior Highlands, including The Ozarks and the Ouachita Mountains. The southern lowlands include the Gulf Coastal Plain and the Arkansas Delta and this dual split can yield to general regions named northwest, northeast, southeast, or central Arkansas
United Methodist Church
The United Methodist Church is a mainline Protestant denomination, and a major part of Methodism. In the 19th century, its main predecessor—the Methodist Church—was a leader in Evangelicalism and it was founded in 1968 in Dallas, United States, by union of the Methodist Church and the Evangelical United Brethren Church. The UMC traces its roots back to the movement of John. As such, the theological orientation is decidedly Wesleyan. It embraces both liturgical and evangelical elements and it has a connectional polity, a typical feature of a number of Methodist denominations. The United Methodist Church, with at least 12 million members as of 2014, is the largest denomination within the wider Methodist movement of approximately 80 million people across the world. In the United States, the UMC ranks as the largest mainline Protestant denomination, the largest Protestant church after the Southern Baptist Convention, and the third largest Christian denomination. In 2014, its membership was distributed as follows,7.2 million in the United States.
It is a member of the World Council of Churches, the World Methodist Council, the movement which would become The United Methodist Church began in the mid-18th century within the Church of England. A small group of students, including John Wesley, Charles Wesley and George Whitefield and they focused on Bible study, methodical study of scripture and living a holy life. Other students mocked them, saying they were the Holy Club, the so-called Methodists started individual societies or classes for members of the Church of England who wanted to live a more religious life. In 1735, John and Charles Wesley went to America, hoping to teach the gospel to the American Indians in the colony of Georgia, John became vicar of the church in Savannah. His preaching was very legalistic and full of rules. After two years in America, he returned to England dejected and confused, Peter believed a person is saved solely through the grace of God and not by works, and John had many conversations with Peter about this topic.
On May 25,1738, after listening to a reading of Martin Luthers preface to Romans, John finally understood that his works could not save him. For the first time in his life, he felt complete peace, in less than two years, the Holy Club disbanded. John Wesley met with a group of clergy, the ministers retained their membership in the Church of England. Though not always emphasized or appreciated in the Anglican churches of their day, their teaching emphasized salvation by Gods grace, three teachings they saw as the foundation of Christian faith were, People are all by nature dead in sin and consequently, children of wrath
American Civil War
The American Civil War was an internal conflict fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865. The Union faced secessionists in eleven Southern states grouped together as the Confederate States of America, the Union won the war, which remains the bloodiest in U. S. history. Among the 34 U. S. states in February 1861, War broke out in April 1861 when Confederates attacked the U. S. fortress of Fort Sumter. The Confederacy grew to eleven states, it claimed two more states, the Indian Territory, and the southern portions of the western territories of Arizona. The Confederacy was never recognized by the United States government nor by any foreign country. The states that remained loyal, including border states where slavery was legal, were known as the Union or the North, the war ended with the surrender of all the Confederate armies and the dissolution of the Confederate government in the spring of 1865. The war had its origin in the issue of slavery. The Confederacy collapsed and 4 million slaves were freed, but before his inauguration, seven slave states with cotton-based economies formed the Confederacy.
The first six to declare secession had the highest proportions of slaves in their populations, the first seven with state legislatures to resolve for secession included split majorities for unionists Douglas and Bell in Georgia with 51% and Louisiana with 55%. Alabama had voted 46% for those unionists, Mississippi with 40%, Florida with 38%, Texas with 25%, of these, only Texas held a referendum on secession. Eight remaining slave states continued to reject calls for secession, outgoing Democratic President James Buchanan and the incoming Republicans rejected secession as illegal. Lincolns March 4,1861 inaugural address declared that his administration would not initiate a civil war, speaking directly to the Southern States, he reaffirmed, I have no purpose, directly or indirectly to interfere with the institution of slavery in the United States where it exists. I believe I have no right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so. After Confederate forces seized numerous federal forts within territory claimed by the Confederacy, efforts at compromise failed, the Confederates assumed that European countries were so dependent on King Cotton that they would intervene, but none did, and none recognized the new Confederate States of America.
Hostilities began on April 12,1861, when Confederate forces fired upon Fort Sumter, while in the Western Theater the Union made significant permanent gains, in the Eastern Theater, the battle was inconclusive in 1861–62. The autumn 1862 Confederate campaigns into Maryland and Kentucky failed, dissuading British intervention, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which made ending slavery a war goal. To the west, by summer 1862 the Union destroyed the Confederate river navy, much of their western armies, the 1863 Union siege of Vicksburg split the Confederacy in two at the Mississippi River. In 1863, Robert E. Lees Confederate incursion north ended at the Battle of Gettysburg, Western successes led to Ulysses S. Grants command of all Union armies in 1864
East Carroll Parish, Louisiana
East Carroll Parish is a parish located in the U. S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,759, the parish seat is Lake Providence. The parish was split in 1877, prior to 1814, all of the territory covered by the current East Carroll Parish was part of the now defunct Warren Parish. The famous black bear hunt waged in 1907 by U. S. President Theodore Roosevelt began in East Carroll Parish near Lake Providence, when a particular bear managed to elude the hunters, the camp was moved to Bear Lake in Madison Parish near Tallulah. The 21-year-old Arthur Spencer of Richland Parish took a picture of Roosevelt in the heavily armed hunting party, among the hunters was future Governor John M. Parker, the vice-presidential choice of the Bull Moose Party ticket in the 1916 presidential election. East Carroll Parish is heavily Democratic in political configuration, in 1988, Governor Michael S. Dukakis of Massachusetts carried East Carroll Parish over Vice President George Herbert Walker Bush, himself a Massachusetts native,1,809 votes to 1,536.
In the 2004 presidential race, East Carroll gave the George W. Bush - Richard B. Cheney electors 1,357 votes to 1,980 ballots for the Democrat John Kerry - John Edwards slate. In 2012, U. S. President Barack H. Obama swept the parish with 2,478 votes to Republican Mitt Romneys 1,508, in 2008, Obama had handily defeated John S. McCain in East Carroll Parish,2,267 to 1,254. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the parish has an area of 442 square miles. The population density was 22 people per square mile, there were 3,303 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the parish was 31. 60% White,67. 29% Black or African American,0. 18% Native American,0. 33% Asian,0. 25% from other races,1. 19% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25. 60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11. 30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.40. In the parish the population was out with 30. 30% under the age of 18,11. 50% from 18 to 24,27. 20% from 25 to 44,18. 50% from 45 to 64.
The median age was 31 years, for every 100 females there were 104.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.90 males, the median income for a household in the parish was $20,723, and the median income for a family was $24,554. Males had an income of $22,099 versus $18,672 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $9,629, about 32. 60% of families and 40. 50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 56. 80% of those under age 18 and 32. 70% of those age 65 or over. The countys per-capita income makes it one of the poorest counties in the United States, of 3,197 counties ranked by the U. S. Census Bureau in 2011 for estimated percent of people of all ages in poverty, East Carroll Parish was fifth
Louisiana is a state located in the southern region of the United States. Louisiana is the 31st most extensive and the 25th most populous of the 50 United States and its capital is Baton Rouge and largest city is New Orleans. Louisiana is the state in the U. S. with political subdivisions termed parishes. The largest parish by population is East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana is bordered by Arkansas to the north, Mississippi to the east, Texas to the west, and the Gulf of Mexico to the south. Much of the lands were formed from sediment washed down the Mississippi River, leaving enormous deltas and vast areas of coastal marsh. These contain a rich southern biota, typical examples include birds such as ibis, there are many species of tree frogs, and fish such as sturgeon and paddlefish. In more elevated areas, fire is a process in the landscape. These support a large number of plant species, including many species of orchids. Louisiana has more Native American tribes than any other state, including four that are federally recognized, ten that are state recognized.
Before the American purchase of the territory in 1803, the current Louisiana State had been both a French colony and for a period, a Spanish one. In addition, colonists imported numerous African people as slaves in the 18th century, many came from peoples of the same region of West Africa, thus concentrating their culture. Louisiana was named after Louis XIV, King of France from 1643 to 1715, when René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle claimed the territory drained by the Mississippi River for France, he named it La Louisiane. The suffix -ana is a Latin suffix that can refer to information relating to an individual, subject. Thus, Louis + ana carries the idea of related to Louis, the Gulf of Mexico did not exist 250 million years ago when there was but one supercontinent, Pangea. As Pangea split apart, the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico opened, Louisiana slowly developed, over millions of years, from water into land, and from north to south. The oldest rocks are exposed in the north, in such as the Kisatchie National Forest.
The oldest rocks date back to the early Tertiary Era, some 60 million years ago, the history of the formation of these rocks can be found in D. Spearings Roadside Geology of Louisiana. The sediments were carried north to south by the Mississippi River