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Robert Foster (politician)

Robert Foster is an American politician from the state of Mississippi. A Republican, he serves in the Mississippi House of Representatives, he became a candidate for governor of Mississippi in the 2019 election. Foster was first elected to the Mississippi House in November 2015. Foster received national attention in July 2019 when he refused to allow a female journalist from Mississippi Today to interview him alone, which she said constituted sexism. Foster said that his position was grounded in a fear that he could be accused of being in an "inappropriate relationship" if he was seen alone with a woman other than his wife, something he called the Billy Graham rule. Profile at Vote Smart

Robert Behringer

Robert P. Behringer was an American physicist based at Duke University, whose research first dealt with Critical phenomena and transport properties in fluid helium, such as Rayleigh–Bénard convection, since 1986 was involved with granular material, where his most notable achievements were in the development of the technique of photoelasticity to study spatio-temporal fluctuations; this enabled him to extract vector forces from images of photo-elastic disks, which are models for granular materials. His research demonstrated the fluctuating nature of granular flows. Another aspect of his research involved the concept of jamming in granular materials. A native of Baltimore and the son of Frederick and Elizabeth Behringer, he obtained his BSc in Physics at Duke University in 1970, his PhD in Physics in 1975 at Duke University, with Horst Meyer as his mentor, was a research associate at Bell Labs under the direction of Guenter Ahlers from 1975 -77. A faculty position at Wesleyan University was the next step and in 1982 he was appointed by Duke University, where he became a James B.

Duke Professor in 1994. Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Fellow Fellow, American Physical Society Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science James B. Duke Professor Visiting Scientist, Ecole Supérieure de Physique et Chimie Industrielles, Paris, 1997. Joliot Curie Chair, Ecole Supérieure de Physique et Chimie Industrielles, Paris, 2010. Visiting Scientist, C. E. A. Saclay, Fall 2010. Chair Line, American Physical Society Topical Group on the Physics of Climate, American Physical Society, 2012 Jesse Beams Award of the Physical Society, South-Eastern Section, 2013

Peter Acland

Brigadier Peter Bevil Edward Acland was a British soldier. He was the younger son of Alfred Dyke Acland and his wife Beatrice, daughter of William Henry Smith and his wife Emily Danvers Smith, 1st Viscountess Hambleden. Acland was educated at subsequently Christ Church, Oxford. In 1932, he was invested an Officer of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem. Acland joined the Sudan Political Service in 1924 and was decorated with the Order of the Nile in 1936. During the Second World War, he served in the Sudan Defence Force, was wounded and honoured with a Military Cross in 1941, he was fought in the Western Desert. Acland was transferred to the Aegean Islands, where he was wounded and mentioned in despatches, receiving the Greek War Cross. After the war, he was chief administrator first of the Dodecanese of the Cyrenaica until 1946, for which he was awarded an Officer of the Order of the British Empire in the King's Birthday Honours. Three years he received the Territorial Decoration.

Acland was promoted to lieutenant-colonel in 1947, commanding the 296 Field Regiment, Royal Devon Yeomanry the next four years until 1951, when he was granted the rank of honorary brigadier. He became colonel in 1954 and retired from active service in 1961. In 1952, Acland was appointed honorary colonel of a Territorial Army Unit and subsequently in 1967 of The Devonshire Territorials until the following year, he was nominated High Sheriff of Devon in 1961, representing the county as Justice of the Peace. Having been Deputy Lieutenant from 1948, Acland served as Vice Lord Lieutenant of Devon from 1962 until 1978. On 7 July 1927, he married Bridget Susan Barnett, daughter of Reverend Herbert Barnett, had by her two sons; the older John was a major-general in the British Army, while the younger Antony was a diplomat


Chandeen is a musical project from Frankfurt am Main, founded in 1990 and popular in the darkwave scene in the first half of the 1990s. The band refers to its own style as "Electronic poetry". From the middle of the 1990s, the band's style changed to a more pop-oriented sound with influences from rock and trip hop. Chandeen was founded in 1990 by Harald Löwy and Oliver Henkel, working on musical experiments together from the winter of 1989; the name comes from a pet iguana owned by a friend of Löwy. In 1991 Aline Akbari joined, additional singer Antje Schulz joined in 1992. After two cassette releases, they came to the attention of Hyperium Records head Oliver Rösch, who signed them. Aline Akbari was replaced by Catrin Mallon. Under this lineup they recorded their first two full-lengths, Shaded by the Jutland. In the process of the studio work for Jutland, internal differences arose between the members, Catrin Mallon and Oliver Henkel left the group in 1994; the pair went on to collaborate on the project Edera, which produced only one album before dissolving.

New singer Stephanie Härich joined for the 1995 EP Light Within Time. She had worked with Harald Löwy on the project Incept Date, singing background vocals on their Archipelago album in 1994. After several releases on Hyperium, the group separated from that label and began releasing on Synthetic Symphony, a sublabel of SPV GmbH, their 1998 single "Skywalking" was broadcast on MTV Europe and VIVA, the band made appearances on NBC Giga, but the exposure did not bring them widespread success. Harald Löwy created his own independent label, Kalinkaland, in 2001, which became the primary vehicle for the release of Chandeen's music. Several further releases followed. In 2007 Löwy reactivated the project, releasing a new album, Teenage Poetry, in 2008. Julia Beyer joined for this release. Furthermore there was an additional steady band member with Mike Brown, who died in 2012.2011 saw the release of their album Blood Red Skies, followed by Forever And Ever in 2014. ArtistsHarald Löwy founded a second project Incept Date besides Chandeen with which he released the two albums Archipelago and Harem.

Together with Chandeen guest musician Ion Javelin Harald Löwy initiated the project Broken Surface. From this collaboration emanated the album Broken Surface and the single Generator X.0.7/8. Additionally Harald Löwy was active for neoclassic formation Stoa, with whose singer Antje Buchheiser he is in a relationship. A long-term friendship connects him with Steffen Keth, the singer of De/Vision, who supported Chandeen for live performances; some Chandeen albums were produced by Axel Henninger, who made a name for himself in the German electropop scene as producer for bands like Camouflage and Moskwa TV. The album Forever And Ever, released in 2014, was mastered in collaboration with the New Yorker music and mastering studio The Lodge under the direction of Grammy nominee Emily Lazar. Besides his commitment for Chandeen, Mike Brown was the founder and engineer of the synthesizer company Livewire Electronics, whose modules are being used by bands like M83 or Nine Inch Nails. CurrentJulia Beyer - vocals, songwriting Harald Löwy - music, songwritingFormerMike Brown - music, songwriting Aline Akbari - vocals, songwriting Catrin Mallon - vocals, songwriting Stephanie Härich - vocals, songwriting Oliver Henkel - music Antje Schulz - vocals, songwriting CollaboratorsMichael Schwalm - management, artwork, production Dorothea Hohnstedt - flute Ion Javelin - vocals, songwriting Harald Gottschalk - guitar Florian Walther - guitar Axel Henninger - guitar, production Antje Buchheiser - programming Phillip Ritmannperger - drums Steve Roach - remixer Daniel Myer - remixer Steffen Keth - remixer Klive Humberstone - remixer Nigel Humberstone - remixer Anji Bee - vocals, songwriting Chandeen – Homepage of the band Chandeen at Discogs Chandeen at Allmusic Interview - Teenage Poetry at MichaelFloydsMusic

Socialism in one country

Socialism in one country was a theory put forth by Joseph Stalin and Nikolai Bukharin in 1924, adopted by the Soviet Union as state policy. The theory held that given the defeat of all the communist revolutions in Europe in 1917–1923 except Russia, the Soviet Union should begin to strengthen itself internally; this turn toward national communism was a shift from the held position by classical Marxism that socialism must be established globally. However, proponents of the theory argue that it contradicts neither world revolution nor world communism; the theory was in opposition to Leon Trotsky's theory of permanent revolution and the earlier communist left theory of world revolution. The defeat of several proletarian revolutions in countries like Germany and Hungary ended Bolsheviks' hopes for an imminent world revolution and began promotion of socialism in one country by Joseph Stalin. In the first edition of The Foundations of Leninism, Stalin was still a follower of the orthodox Marxist idea that revolution in one country is insufficient.

Vladimir Lenin died in January 1924 and by the end of that year in the second edition of the book Stalin's position started to turn around as he claimed that "the proletariat can and must build the socialist society in one country". In April 1925, Nikolai Bukharin elaborated the issue in his brochure Can We Build Socialism in One Country in the Absence of the Victory of the West-European Proletariat? and the Soviet Union adopted socialism in one country as state policy after Stalin's January 1926 article On the Issues of Leninism. 1925–1926 signaled a shift in the immediate activity of the Communist International from world revolution towards a defense of the Soviet state. This period was known up to 1928 as the Second Period, mirroring the shift in the Soviet Union from war communism to the New Economic Policy. In his 1915 article On the Slogan for a United States of Europe, Lenin had written: Uneven economic and political development is an absolute law of capitalism. Hence, the victory of socialism is possible first in several or in one capitalist country alone.

After expropriating the capitalists and organising their own socialist production, the victorious proletariat of that country will arise against the rest of the world. In January 1918, Lenin wrote: I know that there are, of course, sages who think they are clever and call themselves Socialists, who assert that power should not have been seized until the revolution had broken out in all countries, they do not suspect that by speaking in this way they are deserting the revolution and going over to the side of the bourgeoisie. To wait until the toiling classes bring about a revolution on an international scale means that everybody should stand stock-still in expectation; that is nonsense. After Lenin's death, Stalin used these quotes and others to argue that Lenin shared his view of socialism in one country. Grigory Zinoviev and Leon Trotsky vigorously criticized the theory of socialism in one country. In particular, Trotskyists claimed and still claim that socialism in one country opposes both the basic tenets of Marxism and Lenin's particular beliefs that the final success of socialism in one country depends upon the revolution's degree of success in proletarian revolutions in the more advanced countries of Western Europe.

At the Seventh Congress in March 1918, Lenin explained: Regarded from the world-historical point of view, there would doubtlessly be no hope of the ultimate victory of our revolution if it were to remain alone, if there were no revolutionary movements in other countries. I repeat, our salvation from all these difficulties is an all Europe revolution. At all events, under all conceivable circumstances, if the German revolution does not come, we are doomed; the exponents of socialism in one country contend that Stalin's theory was in line with the basic tenets of Leninism in that the victory of socialism is possible in one or separate countries while other countries may continue to remain bourgeois for some time. To support this assertion, they quote Lenin, who said: ocialism cannot achieve victory in all countries, it will achieve victory first in one or several countries, while the others will for some time remain bourgeois or pre-bourgeois. The defeat of all the 1917–1923 revolutions in Europe, except Russia, ended the Bolsheviks and Lenin's hopes for an imminent world revolution.

In his 1918 Letter to American Workers, Lenin wrote: We are banking on the inevitability of the world revolution, but this does not mean that we are such fools as to bank on the revolution coming on a definite and early date. In his report to the Extraordinary Seventh Congress of the R. C. P. which met on 6 March 1918, Lenin said: Yes, we shall see the world revolution, but for the time being it is a good fairy-tale, a beautiful fairy-tale—I quite understand children liking beautiful fairy-tales. But I ask, is it proper for a serious revolutionary to believe in fairy-tales? There is an element of reality in every fairy-tale. If you told children fairy-tales in which the cock and the cat did not converse in human language they would not be interested. In the same way, if you tell the people that civil war will break out in Germany and guarantee that instead of a clash with imperialism we shall have a field revolution on a world-wide scale, the people will say you are deceiving them. In doing this you will be overcoming the difficulties with which history has confronted us only in your own minds, by your own wishes.

It will be a good thing. But have you measured it, have you discovered an in