John Eardley Inglis

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Sir John Inglis with sword from Nova Scotia House of Assembly by William Gush, Province House (Nova Scotia) (sword is displayed at University of King's College Library, Halifax)[1]

Major General Sir John Eardley Wilmot Inglis KCB (15 November 1814 – 27 September 1862) was a British Army officer, best known for his role in protecting the British compound for 87 days in the siege of Lucknow.

Military career[edit]

In 1833 he joined the 32nd (Cornwall) Regiment of Foot, in which all his regimental service was passed. In 1837 he saw active service in Canada in the Lower Canada Rebellion, including the actions at St. Denis and St. Eustache.

During the Second Anglo-Sikh War, in 1848 to 1849 in the Punjab, He was in command at the Siege of Multan and at the Battle of Gujrat.

In 1857, on the outbreak of the Indian Mutiny, he was in command of his regiment at Lucknow. Sir Henry Lawrence being mortally wounded during the siege of the residency, Inglis took command of the garrison, and maintained a successful defence for 87 days against an overwhelming force. He was promoted to major-general and made K.C.B.

After further active service in India, he was, in 1860, given command of the British troops in the Ionian Islands. In 1860 he was given the colonelcy of his regiment, now the 32nd (Cornwall) Regiment of Foot (Light Infantry), a position he held until his death.

He died at Homburg on 27 September 1862, aged 47 and was buried in the crypt of Saint Paul's Cathedral, London.


Part of a series on the
Military history of
Nova Scotia
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Siege of Port Royal 1710
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Northeast Coast Campaign 1745
Battle of Grand Pré 1747
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Fall of Louisbourg 1758
Headquarters established for Royal Navy's North American Station 1758
Halifax Treaties 1760–1761
Battle of Fort Cumberland 1776
Raid on Lunenburg 1782
Halifax Impressment Riot 1805
Establishment of New Ireland 1812
Capture of USS Chesapeake 1813
Battle at the Great Redan 1855
Siege of Lucknow 1857
CSS Tallahassee Escape 1861
Departing Halifax for Northwest Rebellion 1885
Departing Halifax for the Boer War 1899
Imprisonment of Leon Trotsky 1917
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Sinking of HMHS Llandovery Castle 1918
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He was born in Nova Scotia, the son of John Inglis, the third bishop of that colony and grandson of Charles Inglis (bishop).

He was married to Julia Selina Thesiger (1833–1904), daughter of Frederick Thesiger[2] who wrote of her experiences during the siege of Lucknow including extracts from her diary.[3]

Their children included Rupert Edward Inglis who was an England rugby international, who was killed at the Battle of the Somme in 1916. His letters home to his wife from the front were published by his widow after the war.[4]


Inglis is the namesake of Inglis Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia, which connects with Lucknow Street


See also[edit]


  1. ^ After his defence of Lucknow the Legislature of Nova Scotia presented him with a sword of honour. The blade of which, was made of steel from Nova Scotia iron pp.12-13
  2. ^ "Hon. Julia Selina Thesiger". 13 February 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2011. 
  3. ^ Inglis, Julia Selina (1892). "The Siege of Lucknow: a Diary". A Celebration of Woman Writers. James R. Osgood, McIlvaine & Co.,. Retrieved 16 April 2011. 
  4. ^ "Diary of Rupert Inglis". Retrieved 16 April 2011. 

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Willoughby Cotton
Colonel of the 32nd (The Cornwall) Regiment of Foot (Light Infantry)
Succeeded by
Henry Dundas, 3rd Viscount Melville