The building known as the London Planetarium is in Marylebone Road, London. It is owned by the same company. A famous London landmark, it was once a notable tourist attraction, housing a planetarium, which offered shows relating to space and astronomy, it is now part of Madame Tussauds. From 2010 forward, the building that once housed the London Planetarium houses the Marvel Super Heroes 4D attraction; the only planetarium in London is now the Peter Harrison Planetarium in Greenwich, south east London. In 1958 the London Planetarium was opened by Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh on 19 March, with public presentations commencing on the 20th, it occupied the site of an old cinema, destroyed in the Second World War, seated an audience of around 330 beneath a horizontal dome 18 m in diameter. For its first five decades of operation, an opto-mechanical star projector, a Zeiss mark IV, offered the audience a show based on a view of the night sky as seen from earth. Between 1977 and 1990, evening laser performances called.
In 1995, one of the world's first digital planetarium systems, Digistar II was installed in a £4.5 million redevelopment, allowing monochromatic 3D journeys through space and many other kinds of show to be presented. The planetarium was used to teach students from University College London's astronomy department the complexity of the Celestial co-ordinate system, allowing for practical lectures delivered by a team of planetarium and UCL staff. In 2004, the Planetarium was upgraded to a full-colour Digistar 3 system that allows both pre-rendered and real-time shows to transport the audience in an immersive fulldome video environment to distant realms of time and space. In January 2006, freelance journalist Paul Sutherland broke the news in the London Evening Standard that the London Planetarium was being renamed the Auditorium and would replace astronomical presentations with entertainment shows. Madame Tussauds subsequently announced that in July 2006 the Auditorium would open with a show by Aardman Animations about celebrities.
To say'farewell' to the planetarium, Madame Tussauds allowed free entry to the show in its penultimate, week. Dr Henry C. King served as Scientific Director before opening and curating the McLaughlin Planetarium in Toronto, Canada. John Ebdon, author and Graecophile was director of the London Planetarium; the London Planetarium no longer exists and it is no longer possible to visit it as a separate attraction. The web site is redirected to Madame Tussauds and here is a statement from their web site: "In 2006 the Planetarium was rebranded and renamed the Star Dome; the Star Dome is included in the ticket price. Please note that we no longer show astronomy-based shows" From 2010 forward, the building that once housed the London Planetarium houses the Marvel Super Heroes 4D attraction. Peter Harrison Planetarium – another planetarium in London, which opened in 2007 "Why Tussauds no longer has space for the Planetarium" – article from London Evening Standard by Paul Sutherland It inspired generations of children, but now the Planetarium is focusing on lesser stars Article from The Times by Joanna Bale
Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC
Blundell's School is a co-educational day and boarding independent school located in the town of Tiverton in the county of Devon, England. It was founded in 1604 under the will of Peter Blundell, one of the richest men in England at the time, moved to its present site on the outskirts of the town in May 1882, it was known until the 19th century as Tiverton Grammar School. While the full boarding fees are £31,755 per year, the school offers several scholarships and bursaries, provides flexi-boarding; the school has 350 boys and 225 girls, including 107 boys and 65 girls in the Sixth Form, is a member of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference. The Good Schools Guide calls Blundell's a "distinguished rural school of ancient lineage". Peter Blundell, one of the wealthiest merchants of Elizabethan England, died in 1601, having made his fortune principally in the cloth industry, his will set aside considerable money and land to establish a school in his home town "to maintain sound learning and true religion".
Blundell asked his friend John Popham, Lord Chief Justice of England, to carry out his wishes, appointed a number of local merchants and gentry as his first trustees. The position of feoffee is no longer hereditary, but a number of notable local families have held the position for a considerable period: the first ancestor of the current Chairman of the Governors to hold that position was elected more than 250 years ago, the Heathcoat-Amory family have a long tradition of service on the Governing Body, since Sir John Heathcoat-Amory was appointed in 1865; the Old Blundell's School was built to be much larger and grander than any other in the West Country, with room for 150 scholars and accommodation for a master and an usher. The Grade 1 listed building is now in the care of the National Trust and the forecourt is open to visitors. One ex-Blundell's boy was the writer R. D. Blackmore, who in the novel Lorna Doone set the stage for a fight between John Ridd and Robin Snell on the Blundell's triangular lawn.
Peter Blundell's executors established links with Balliol College and with Sidney Sussex College and large sums were settled to provide for scholarships for pupils of the school to attend those colleges. The first Sidney Sussex scholar was nominated in 1610 and the first Blundell's Balliol scholar in 1615; the links with these colleges continue today. In 1645 Thomas Fairfax used the school for his headquarters during the siege of Tiverton Castle. In 1882 the school moved to one mile from the original location; the new buildings were designed by Hayward & Son of Exeter, built in red Halberton stone, the foundation stone was laid by the William Courtenay, 11th Earl of Devon, chairman of the governors, in June 1880. Reginald Blomfield, the architect and garden designer, was responsible for the additions to the school, which were completed in 1901; the School's War Memorial was carved by the school's sculpture teacher, Estcourt James Clack and is a replica of the Celtic Cross in Eyam churchyard, but with the missing part intact.
The clock tower contains a statue by Alain John, a pupil of the School and aspiring sculptor, who joined the RAF as a navigator and was killed during the Second World War. The statue was subsequently re-cast at the commission of Neville Gorton Bishop of Coventry, stands in the ruins of the old Coventry Cathedral as a memorial to those who lost their lives in the war. In recent years Blundell's has undergone some development. In 1989 Ondaatje Hall was opened, following a donation by OB Christopher Ondaatje for its construction. Among its many facilities is a 150-seat professional theatre, which as well as putting on in-house productions is used for public performances. Girls were admitted from the age of 13 in 1993, to make the school co-educational. To make room for them, the boys' boarding house North Close was changed into a girls' house. In 1997 School House became a junior house for pupils aged 11–13; the prep school St Aubyn's was moved to the Blundell's campus in 2000, taking over the day-boy house Milestones and the Sanatorium, was renamed Blundell's Prep School.
It has about 300 pupils aged from two-and-a-half years to eleven. The current Headmaster is Andy Southgate. A change to the way the U6 boarders are housed took place when the old Westlake was sold off and a new Westlake built on the site of the CCF parade ground. Opened in 2004, the new Westlake houses all girls who are in their final year; the two latest developments to be completed are an extension to the Music school, the building of the Popham Academic Centre, which houses the new Economics and Business School department, the new server for the school intranet and a dedicated IT teaching area. Rugby is the main sport played at Blundell's in the Spring terms; the earliest mention of "football" in the Blundellian was in 1861 and the first recorded "rugger" match played by boys at Blundell's was in 1868 against Tiverton Rugby Club, making the school one of the oldest anywhere formally to play the game. The Blundell's crest still hangs in the main room at Twickenham in recognition of this; the first OB to gain International Honours was R. S. Kindersley for England in 1884 and on 1 January 1908 Thomas Kelly captained England to a 19-0 victory over France.
The strongest years for Blundell's were the two decades after World War 2, when Clem Thomas gained 26 caps for Wales in 1949–59, Richard Sharp won 14 caps for England 1960-67 and David Shepherd won five caps for Australia in 1964–66. Both Thomas and Sharp played in two tests for Britain in South Africa. Of note was Charles Kent, who played for Rosslyn Park and