Walk Hard: The Dewey Cox Story
Walk Hard: The Dewey Cox Story is a 2007 American comedy film directed by Jake Kasdan, written by Kasdan and co-producer Judd Apatow. It stars John C. Reilly, Jenna Fischer, Tim Meadows and Kristen Wiig; the plot echoes the storyline of 2005's Johnny Cash biopic Walk the Line and 2004's Ray Charles biopic Ray. Walk Hard is a parody of the biopic genre as a whole; as Walk Hard references the film Walk the Line, the Dewey Cox persona is based on Johnny Cash. The film portrays fictional versions of artists Buddy Holly, The Big Bopper, Elvis Presley, The Beatles. In addition, the film parodies or pays tribute to the musical styles of Bob Dylan, David Bowie, Billy Joel, Van Dyke Parks with Brian Wilson, the seventies punk rock movement; the film was released in North America on December 21, 2007. It received positive reviews from critics, but was unsuccessful commercially - grossing only $20 million against a $35 million budget; the film has since developed a cult following. In Springberry, Alabama, 1946, young Dewey Cox accidentally cuts his brother Nate in half with a machete.
The trauma causes Dewey to lose his sense of smell. Dewey meets a blues guitarist, who discovers Dewey is a natural musician. In 1953, after a successful talent show performance, 14-year-old Dewey leaves Springberry with his 12-year-old girlfriend Edith. Working at an all-African American nightclub, Dewey replaces singer Bobby Shad onstage and impresses Hasidic Jewish record executive L'Chaim. While recording a rockabilly rendition of "That's Amore," Dewey is berated by an executive. A desperate Dewey performs "Walk Hard," a song inspired by a speech he gave Edith, which restores the executive's belief in Judaism and rockets Dewey to superstardom; the song becomes a hit within 35 minutes, Dewey becomes caught up in the rock-and-roll lifestyle. Dewey is introduced to marijuana by his drummer Sam, becomes unfaithful to Edith. Dewey's father informs him that his mother has died while dancing to Dewey's song, blames Dewey's music for her death. Distraught, Dewey finds Sam using cocaine and partakes, resulting in a cocaine-fueled punk rock performance.
Choirgirl Darlene Madison enters Dewey's life, he produces several hit records amid their courtship laden with sexual tension. He weds Darlene while still married to Edith, which leads to both women leaving him, purchases drugs from an undercover cop. After he serves time in prison and in rehab, Darlene returns, they move to California in 1966 at the beginning of the counterculture movement. Dewey's new singing style is compared to that of Bob Dylan. In the next scene, a music video shows that Dewey's new song mimics Dylan's style, including opaque lyrics. On a band visit to India, Dewey takes LSD with The Beatles, leading to a "Yellow Submarine"-esque hallucination. Dewey becomes obsessed with every aspect of the recording process and is consumed with creating his masterpiece "Black Sheep"; the band resents his insane musical style and abusive behavior, breaks up. During another stint in rehab, Dewey is visited by the ghost of Nate, who ridicules his self-pity and tells him to start writing songs again.
In the 1970s, Dewey now hosts a CBS variety television show, but is unable to compose a masterpiece for his brother. Nate urges Dewey to reconcile with their father. In his dying moments, he tells him to be a better father. Dewey breaks down and destroys everything in his home. Dewey is approached by one of his illegitimate children, decides to spend time with his many offspring. In 1992, a divorced Darlene returns to Dewey. Realizing what is most important to him, Dewey regains his sense of smell and remarries Darlene. In the present day, L'Chaim's son Dreidel informs Dewey of his popularity with young listeners through rapper Lil' Nutzzak's sampling of "Walk Hard." Dewey learns. However, with his family’s support, he reunites with his band and is able to create one great masterpiece, summing up his entire life with his final song, "Beautiful Ride." A title card reveals. Following the credits is a short black-and-white clip of "The actual Dewey Cox, April 16, 2002". John C. Reilly as Dewey Cox, a parody of several 20th century musicians, including Ray Charles, Johnny Cash, Bob Dylan, Brian Wilson.
Conner Rayburn as young Dewey Cox Kristen Wiig as Edith, a parody of Vivian Liberto Raymond J. Barry as Pa Cox is similar to Johnny Cash's father Ray Cash, Elvis Presley's father Vernon Presley, or Brian Wilson's father Murry Wilson Margo Martindale as Ma Cox is similar to Johnny Cash's mother Carrie Cash or Elvis Presley's mother Gladys Presley. Jenna Fischer as Darlene, a parody of June Carter Angela Correa as Darlene's singing voice Tim Meadows as Sam McPherson, drummer an
Lee Strasberg Theatre and Film Institute
The Lee Strasberg Theatre and Film Institute is an acting school located at 115 East 15th Street between Union Square East and Irving Place in the Union Square neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City, as well as at 7936 Santa Monica Boulevard in West Hollywood, California. The school was founded by Lee Strasberg, himself a noted actor and director, in 1969 to teach and promote the techniques of method acting; the Institute has a relationship with the Tisch School of the Arts at New York University, where students can study in an eight credit program. The institute is under the artistic direction of Anna Strasberg, Lee Strasberg's widow. Actors Studio Group Theatre Stanislavski's system Explanatory notes Citations Official website Tsunoda, Wake. "Can You Imagine That? Teens Try Method Acting Exercises", The Milwaukee Journal Green Sheet, pp. 1–2
Kyle Merritt MacLachlan is an American actor. MacLachlan is best known for his role as Dale Cooper in Twin Peaks and its film prequel Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me, as well as roles in two of David Lynch's films: Paul Atreides in Dune and Jeffrey Beaumont in Blue Velvet. MacLachlan's other film roles include Lloyd Gallagher in The Hidden, Ray Manzarek in The Doors, Cliff Vandercave in The Flintstones, Zack Carey in Showgirls, the voice of Riley's dad in Inside Out, he has had prominent roles in television shows including appearing as Trey MacDougal in Sex and the City, Orson Hodge in Desperate Housewives, The Captain in How I Met Your Mother, the Mayor of Portland in Portlandia and Calvin Zabo in Agents of S. H. I. E. L. D.. MacLachlan has won a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Television Series Drama, was nominated in the same category in 2017, for playing the role of Dale Cooper in Twin Peaks, he has been nominated for two Emmy Awards for Twin Peaks. MacLachlan was born at Yakima Valley Memorial Hospital in Washington.
His mother, was a public relations director for a school district and a homemaker, active in community arts programs. His father, Kent Alan MacLachlan, was a lawyer. Kyle has Scottish and German ancestry, he grew up in the eldest of three children. His two younger brothers and Kent Jr. live in the Seattle area. Kyle graduated from Eisenhower High School in Yakima, his mother left his father when he was 17. His parents divorced in his senior year of high school in 1977. MacLachlan was introduced to stage acting by his mother when she became director of a youth theater program for teenagers that she helped set up in Yakima, she sent him to piano lessons from age 9 to 14, when he began to study classical singing. While in high school, he performed in plays and in class musicals, acting in his first play at age 15. For his senior year, MacLachlan played the lead role of Brindsley Miller in a production of Peter Shaffer's one-act play Black Comedy and performed as Henry Higgins in My Fair Lady. In 1982, he graduated cum laude with a BFA in drama from the University of Washington, as a student of the Professional Actor Training Program.
He planned to major in business and studied classical voice at UW, before focusing on acting. He moved to Los Angeles in 1985 after the release of the movie Dune in 1984, where he made his film debut in the starring role. MacLachlan has worked extensively with David Lynch, he first appeared as Paul Atreides in the film Dune, Lynch's adaptation of Frank Herbert's novel, a flop and met with poor reviews from critics, as Jeffrey Beaumont in Blue Velvet. He starred in the 1987 Science Fiction Action film The Hidden as FBI agent Lloyd Gallagher. MacLachlan played Special Agent Dale Cooper in Lynch's ABC television series Twin Peaks, reprising that role for Lynch's 1992 prequel Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me. Lynch commented on those roles in a GQ story about MacLachlan: "Kyle plays innocents who are interested in the mysteries of life. He's the person you trust enough to go into a strange world with." MacLachlan appeared as musician Ray Manzarek in Oliver Stone's 1991 film The Doors, about the band of the same name.
He had turned down Stone's offer to play Chris in the 1986 movie Platoon, which went to Charlie Sheen. In the 1993 film version of Franz Kafka's The Trial, with a screenplay by Harold Pinter, MacLachlan played the lead role of the persecuted Josef K. MacLachlan co-starred with Samuel L. Jackson as a rookie prison guard in John Frankenheimer's 1994 Emmy-winning HBO film Against the Wall about the Attica prison riots. In 1994, he was featured in The Flintstones, a live-action movie adaptation of the animated sitcom of the same name, portraying Cliff Vandercave, the movie's primary antagonist, opposite John Goodman and Rick Moranis. In 1995, MacLachlan starred in Paul Verhoeven's Showgirls; the movie was panned by critics and it collected a record seven Golden Raspberry Awards. MacLachlan recalls that when he watched Showgirls for the first time before the premiere, he thought it was "horrible", but he realised that the movie was "inadvertently funny" and embraced for its campiness. According to MacLachlan, although he skipped the movie's press tour, he had sat through the whole screening, contrary to reports that he walked out.
In the 1990s, MacLachlan was offered by NBC to be one of the lead actors on the then-new soap opera Passions as a powerful, wealthy villain and head of a multimillion-dollar company, but MacLachlan turned it down. From 2000 to 2002, MacLachlan had a recurring role in the American television series Sex and the City, portraying Dr. Trey MacDougal, the one-time husband of Charlotte York. MacLachlan played King Claudius in the 2000 film Hamlet based on William Shakespeare's play. In the video game Grand Theft Auto III released in 2001, he voiced the character of the sociopathic real-estate developer Donald Love. In 2002 he made his West End debut in John Kolvenbach's On an Average Day with Woody Harrelson. In 2003, MacLachlan made his Broadway debut as Aston in Harold Pinter's The Caretaker with Patrick Stewart, he portrayed the spirit of Cary Grant in the 2004 film Touch of Pink. His resemblance to Grant had been noted in an episode of Twin Peaks. In 2004 he had a guest role on Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, in which he played a psychiatrist who shot and killed a sociopathic child who had murdered his son.
He was a guest star on the show again
Twin Peaks is an American mystery horror drama television series created by Mark Frost and David Lynch that premiered on April 8, 1990, on ABC. It was one of the top-rated series of 1990, but declining ratings led to its cancellation after its second season in 1991, it nonetheless has been referenced in a wide variety of media. In subsequent years, Twin Peaks is listed among the greatest television series of all time; the series follows an investigation headed by FBI Special Agent Dale Cooper into the murder of homecoming queen Laura Palmer in the fictional suburban town of Twin Peaks, Washington. The show's narrative draws on elements of detective fiction, but its uncanny tone, supernatural elements, campy, melodramatic portrayal of eccentric characters draw on American soap opera and horror tropes. Like much of Lynch's work, it is distinguished by surrealism, offbeat humor, distinctive cinematography; the acclaimed score was composed by Angelo Badalamenti with Lynch. The success of the show sparked a media franchise, the series was followed by a 1992 feature film, Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me, that serves as a prequel to the series.
Additional tie-in books were released. Following a hiatus of over 25 years, the show returned in 2017 with a third season on Showtime, marketed as Twin Peaks: The Return; the season was directed by Lynch and written by Lynch and Frost, starred many original cast members, including MacLachlan. In 1989, the logger Pete Martell discovers a naked corpse wrapped in plastic on the bank of a river outside the town of Twin Peaks, Washington; when Sheriff Harry S. Truman, his deputies, Dr. Will Hayward arrive, the body is identified as homecoming queen Laura Palmer. A badly injured second girl, Ronette Pulaski, is discovered in a fugue state. FBI Special Agent Dale Cooper is called in to investigate. Cooper's initial examination of Laura's body reveals a tiny typed letter "R" inserted under her fingernail. Cooper informs the community that Laura's death matches the signature of a killer who murdered another girl in southwestern Washington the previous year, that evidence indicates the killer lives in Twin Peaks.
The authorities discover through Laura's diary. She was cheating on her boyfriend, football captain Bobby Briggs, with biker James Hurley, prostituting herself with the help of truck driver Leo Johnson and drug dealer Jacques Renault. Laura was addicted to cocaine, which she obtained by coercing Bobby into doing business with Jacques. Laura's father, attorney Leland Palmer, suffers a nervous breakdown, her best friend, Donna Hayward, begins a relationship with James. With the help of Laura's cousin Maddy Ferguson and James discover that Laura's psychiatrist, Dr. Lawrence Jacoby, was obsessed with Laura, but he is proven innocent of the murder. Hotelier Ben Horne, the richest man in Twin Peaks, plans to destroy the town's lumber mill along with its owner Josie Packard, murder his lover, Catherine Martell, so that he can purchase the land at a reduced price and complete a development project, Ghostwood. Horne's sultry, troubled daughter, becomes infatuated with Cooper and spies for clues in an effort to gain his affections.
Cooper has a dream in which he is approached by a one-armed otherworldly being who calls himself MIKE. MIKE says that Laura's murderer is a similar entity, Killer BOB, a feral, denim-clad man with long gray hair. Cooper finds himself decades older with Laura and a dwarf in a red business suit, who engages in coded dialogue with Cooper; the next morning, Cooper tells Truman that, if he can decipher the dream, he will know who killed Laura. Cooper and the sheriff's department find the one-armed man from Cooper's dream, a traveling shoe salesman named Phillip Gerard. Gerard knows the veterinarian who treats Renault's pet bird. Cooper interprets these events to mean that Renault is the murderer, with Truman's help, tracks Renault to One-Eyed Jack's, a brothel owned by Horne across the border in Canada, he lures Jacques Renault back onto U. S. soil to arrest him. Leland, learning that Renault has been arrested, sneaks into murders him; the same night, Horne orders Leo to burn down the lumber mill with Catherine trapped inside and has Leo gunned down by Hank Jennings to ensure Leo's silence.
Cooper is shot by a masked gunman. Lying hurt in his hotel room, Cooper has a vision in which a giant appears and reveals three clues: "There is a man in a smiling bag", he takes Cooper's gold ring and explains that when Cooper understands the three premonitions, his ring will be returned. Leo Johnson is brain-damaged. Catherine Martell disappears, presumed killed in the mill fire. Leland Palmer, whose hair has turned white overnight, behaves erratically. Cooper deduces. MIKE is inhabiting the body of Phillip Gerard, his personality surfaces. MIKE reveals that he and BOB once collaborated in killing humans and that BOB is inhabiting a man in the town. Cooper and the sheriff's department use MIKE, in control of Gerard's body, to help find BOB Donna befriends an agoraphobic orchid grower named Harold Smith whom Laura entrusted with a second, secret diary she kept. Harold hangs himself in despair. Cooper and the sheriff's department take possession of Laura's secret diary
Needham is a town in Norfolk County, United States. A suburb of Boston, its population was 28,886 at the 2010 census, it is home to an engineering school. Needham was first settled in 1680 with the purchase of a tract of land measuring 4 miles by 5 miles from Chief Nehoiden for the sum of 10 pounds, 40 acres of land, 40 shillings worth of corn, it was incorporated in 1711. Part of the Dedham Grant, Needham split from Dedham and was named after the town of Needham Market in Suffolk, England. By the 1770s settlers in the western part of the town who had to travel a long distance to the meeting house on what is now Central Avenue sought to form a second parish in the town. Opposition to this desire created conflict, in 1774 a mysterious fire destroyed the extant meeting house; some time afterwards. In 1857 the City of Boston began a project to fill in the Back Bay with landfill by filling the tidewater flats of the Charles River; the fill to reclaim the bay from the water was obtained from Needham, Massachusetts from the area of present-day Route 128.
The firm of Goss and Munson, railroad contractors, built 6 miles of railroad from Needham and their 35-car trains made 16 trips a day to Back Bay. The filling of present-day Back Bay was completed by 1882; the project was the largest of a number of land reclamation projects, beginning in 1820, over the course of time, more than doubled the size of the original Boston peninsula. In 1865, William Carter established a knitting mill company in Needham Heights that would become a major manufacturer and leading brand of children's apparel in the United States; the site of Mill #1 houses the Avery Manor assisted living center, while Mill #2 stood along the shores of Rosemary Lake. By the 1960s, the company owned seven mills in the south; the Carter family sold the business in 1990, after which Carter's, Inc. moved its headquarters to Atlanta, Georgia. In the late 1860s William Emerson Baker moved to Needham. A notably wealthy man due to his having improved the mechanical sewing machine, Baker assembled a parcel of land exceeding 800 acres and named it Ridge Hill Farm.
He built two man made lakes including Sabrina lake near present-day Locust Lane. Baker turned part of his property into an amusement park with exotic animals, subterranean tunnels, trick floors and mirrors. In 1888 he built a sizable hotel, near the intersection of present-day Whitman Road and Charles River Street, called the Hotel Wellesley which had a capacity of over 300 guests; the hotel burned to the ground on December 19, 1891. In 1891, George Walker, Boston owner of a lithograph company, Gustavos Gordon, formed Walker-Gordon Laboratories to develop processes for the prevention of contamination of milk and to answer the call by enlightened physicians for better babies' milk formulas; this plant was located in the Charles River Village section of Needham with another large facility in New Jersey. The scientific dairy production facilities of the Walker-Gordon Dairy Farm were advertised and utilized modern advancements in the handling of milk products. In 1881 the West Parish was separately incorporated as the town of Wellesley.
The following year and Wellesley high schools began playing an annual football game on Thanksgiving, now the second-longest running high school football rivalry in the United States. The longest running public high school rivalry. In 2013 Wellesley broke a 3-year Thanksgiving game losing streak to the Needham Rockets, defeating them 22-6; the Wellesley Raiders now hold a 60-57-9 advantage in the historic rivalry. With the loss of the West Parish to Wellesley, the town lost its town hall and plans to build a new one began in 1902 with the selection of a building committee; the cornerstone was laid by the Grand Lodge of Masons on September 2, 1902 and the building was dedicated on December 22, 1903. The total cost for the hall was $57,500 including furnishings; because it was located on the town common, the cost did not include land. In 2011, the town hall was extensively expanded. In the process, the second-floor meeting hall was restored to its original beauty. Needham's population grew by over 50 percent during the 1930s.
In 2005, Needham became the first city in the United States to raise the age to buy tobacco products to 21. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 12.7 square miles, of which 12.6 square miles is land and 0.1 square mile is water. Needham's area is in the shape of an acute, northward-pointing triangle; the Charles River forms nearly all of the southern and northeastern boundaries, the town line with Wellesley forming the third, northwestern one. In addition to Wellesley on the northwest, Needham borders Newton and the West Roxbury section of Boston on the northeast, Dover and Dedham on the south; the majority of Cutler Park is in Needham and is located along the Charles River and the border with Newton and West Roxbury. Needham is elevated at sea level, but is a hilly town; as of the census of 2010, there were 28,886 people, 10,341 households, 7,792 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,292.7 people per square mile. There were 10,846 housing units at an average density of 860.1 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the town was 92.3% White, 1.4% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 7.1% Asian, 0.6% from other races, 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any
Riders in the Sky (band)
Riders in the Sky is an American Western music and comedy group which began performing in 1977. Their style appeals to children, they are sometimes considered a children's band, they have won two Grammy Awards and have written and performed music for major motion pictures, including "Woody's Roundup" from Toy Story 2 and Pixar's short film, For the Birds. The Riders first performed on November 11, 1977 at Herr Harry's Frank N' Steins in Nashville, TN. For this first performance, the Riders consisted of Deputy Doug, Windy Bill Collins, Fred LaBour. Happy with the crowds reaction, the Riders performed for the second time at Herr Harry's the next evening. Between the second and third performances, the band still didn't have a name, but that changed in December 1977, when Fred LaBour found a copy of The Sons of The Pioneers album: Riders In The Sky; when LaBour saw the album, he called Green and told him that Riders In The Sky should be the band's name. Green agreed and from their third performance on, they were billed as Riders In The Sky.
In 1978, Bill Collins left the Riders shortly. Shortly after Collins left, "Woody Paul" Chrisman joined the band. In mid-1979, Tommy Goldsmith left the Riders shortly before the recording of their first album, which would become Three on The Trail, though Goldsmith would perform on the album, but not as a member of the Riders. In 1982, Doug Green wrote a letter to Opry manager Hal Durham telling him the Riders would like to join. Durham responded and said western music was under-represented in the Opry, it wouldn't conflict with the other materials and performances in the Opry. On June 19, 1982, the Riders were inducted into the Opry. Prior to being inducted, the Riders had performed twenty six times on the Opry stage. In late 1982, the Riders were approached by Steve Arwood and Randy Hale to host a television show on The Nashville Network called Tumbleweed Theater; the premise of the show was that their 90-minute program would show edited public domain "B-Westerns" of the 1930s and 40s with Riders In The Sky performing skits and songs before, in between, after the films.
After screening the movie that would be featured in the episode and Fred LaBour wrote the sketches that played between the films, with many of the skits carrying over to the Riders' live shows and albums. Tumbleweed Theater premiered March 7, 1983, the same day TNN began broadcasting and continued for five seasons overall, the last two consisting of repackaged skits and songs. In late 1983, the Riders made their Hollywood debut when the trio landed parts in Sweet Dreams, a biographical film about the life of Patsy Cline; the Riders played The Jordanaires. Beginning in 1988, Riders In The Sky were the stars of Riders Radio Theater, a weekly radio show written by Fred LaBour and Steve Arwood, the Tumbleweed Theater television show minus the "B-Western" films; the half-hour show was taped at the Tennessee Performing Arts Center in Nashville, but moved to Cincinnati, Ohio. The weekly show was canceled in 1995, but came back as occasional specials beginning in 1998. In 1990, CBS approached the Riders to do a Saturday morning television show that would be described as "Pee-Wee's Playhouse meets the wild west".
Only airing for one season due to low ratings and weekly schedule changes, the show was written by George McGrath instead of the Riders themselves. Fred LaBour reflected on the show, saying "Everything we've had a hand in writing had been a success, we didn't have a hand in that, it wasn't." The show premiered on September 1991 as Riders In The Sky. In 1998, Ash Brannon recommended to Disney and Pixar executives that Riders In The Sky be the performers of "Woody's Round-Up" for their upcoming film Toy Story 2; the executives were so impressed with the Riders' performance, they had the Riders create a tie-in album around the characters of Toy Story 2 called Woody's Roundup: A Rootin' Tootin' Collection of Woody's Favorite Songs. The album won the Grammy Award for Best Musical Album for Children at the Grammy Awards of 2001. After the success of the Woody's Round-Up album, the Riders were called back into Pixar in 2002 to do another tie-in album, except based on Pixar's latest film: Monsters Inc.
The album, titled Monsters, Inc. Scream Factory Favorites, won the Riders a second Grammy Award for Best Musical Album for Children at the Grammy Awards of 2003; the Riders made their animated debut in 2003, in the Warner Bros. animated series Duck Dodgers, where they played a robot band modeled after themselves. Their second animated appearance was in Disney's direct-to-DVD animated adventure children's film titled Stanley's Dinosaur Round-Up, their most recent animated role was in the Kickstarter-funded film Cartoon Cowboys by WonderVista Studios. Cartoon Cowboys borrows from Riders Radio Theater, including characters from the show and the Riders having the same personalities as their radio counterparts; the Riders appeared as musical spokesmen in a series of YellaWood commercials, which re-united the Riders with Steve Arwood and featured a set similar to the one seen on Tumbleweed Theater. The Riders performed the theme song for YellaWood's The Adventures of Yella Fella and make cameos in the first episodes of seasons one and two.
Ranger Doug – Guitar, Vocals Too Slim –
Wheel of Fortune (U.S. game show)
Wheel of Fortune is an American television game show created by Merv Griffin that debuted in 1975. The show features a competition in which contestants solve word puzzles, similar to those used in Hangman, to win cash and prizes determined by spinning a giant carnival wheel. Wheel aired as a daytime series on NBC from January 6, 1975, to June 30, 1989. After some changes were made to its format, the daytime series moved to CBS from July 17, 1989, to January 11, 1991, it returned to NBC from January 14, 1991, until it was cancelled on September 20, 1991. The popularity of the daytime series led to a nightly syndicated edition being developed, which premiered on September 19, 1983, has aired continuously since; the network version was hosted by Chuck Woolery and Susan Stafford, with Charlie O'Donnell as its announcer. O'Donnell was replaced by Jack Clark. After Clark's death in 1988, M. G. Kelly took over as announcer until O'Donnell returned in 1989. O'Donnell remained on the network version until its cancellation, continued to announce on the syndicated show until his death in 2010, when Jim Thornton succeeded him.
Woolery left in 1981, was replaced by Pat Sajak. Sajak left the network version in January 1989 to host his own late-night talk show, was replaced on that version by Rolf Benirschke. Bob Goen replaced Benirschke when the network show moved to CBS remained as host until the network show was canceled altogether. Stafford left in 1982, was replaced by Vanna White, who remained on the network show for the rest of its run; the syndicated version has been hosted continuously by White since its inception. Wheel of Fortune ranks as the longest-running syndicated game show in the United States, with over 6,000 episodes aired. TV Guide named it the "top-rated syndicated series" in a 2008 article, in 2013, the magazine ranked it at No. 2 in its list of the 60 greatest game shows ever. The program has come to gain a worldwide following with sixty international adaptations; the syndicated series' 36th season premiered on September 10, 2018, Sajak became the longest-running host of any game show, surpassing Bob Barker, who did Price Is Right from 1972 to 2007.
The core game is based on Hangman. Each round has a category and a blank word puzzle, with each blank representing a letter in the answer, punctuation revealed as needed. Most puzzles are straightforward figures of speech that fit within a static list of categories, this list has evolved over the course of the series. Crossword puzzles were added to the rotation in 2016. In such rounds, a clue bonding the words in the puzzle is given instead of a traditional category, contestants win by solving all the words in the crossword; the titular Wheel of Fortune is a roulette-style wheel mechanism with 24 spaces, most of which are labeled with dollar amounts ranging from $500 to $900, plus a top dollar value: $2,500 in round 1, $3,500 in rounds 2 and 3, $5,000 for round 4 and any subsequent rounds. The wheel features two Bankrupt wedges and one Lose a Turn, both of which forfeit the contestant's turn, with the former eliminating any cash or prizes the contestant has accumulated within the round; each game features three contestants, or three two-contestant teams positioned behind a single scoreboard with its own flipper.
The left scoreboard from the viewer's perspective is colored red, the center yellow, the right blue, with the contestants' positions determined by a random selection prior to taping. A contestant spins the wheel to guess a consonant. Calling a correct letter earns the value before the corresponding flipper, multiplied by the number of times that the letter appears in the puzzle. Calling a correct letter keeps the wheel in the contestant's control, allowing the contestant to spin again, buy a vowel for a flat rate of $250, or attempt to solve the puzzle. Contestants may continue to buy vowels so long as they have enough money to keep doing so, until all of the vowels in the puzzle have been revealed. Control passes to the next contestant clockwise if the wheel lands on Lose a Turn or Bankrupt, if the contestant calls a letter, not in the puzzle, calls a letter, called in that round, fails to call a letter within five seconds of the wheel stopping, or attempts unsuccessfully to solve the puzzle.
The only exception is the Free Play wedge, on which the contestant may call a consonant for $500 per occurrence, call a free vowel, or solve the puzzle, with no penalty for an incorrect letter or answer. In the first three rounds, the wheel contains a Wild Card and a Gift Tag, while two ½ Car tags are present in rounds two and three only; the Wild Card may be used to call an additional consonant after any turn or taken to the bonus round to call an extra consonant there. The Gift Tag offers either a $1,000 credit toward purchases from, or $1,000 in cash courtesy of the sponsoring company; the 1/2 Car tags award a car if the contestant wins the round in which she claims both. Unlike the other tags, the 1/2 Car tags are replaced in subsequent rounds. A special wedge in the first two rounds awards a prize, described by the announcer if won. All of the tags and the prize wedge are located over the $500 wedges, so calling a letter that appears in the puzzle when landed upon awards both the tag/wedge and $500 per every occurrence of that letter in the puzzle.
The first three rounds contain a special wedge which, if won and taken to the bonus round, offers an opportunity to play that round for $1 million. A contestant must solve the puzzle in order to keep any cash, prizes, or