HMS Erebus (1826)
HMS Erebus was a Hecla-class bomb vessel designed by Sir Henry Peake and constructed by the Royal Navy in Pembroke dockyard, Wales in 1826. The vessel was the second in the Royal Navy named after Erebus, the dark region of Hades in Greek mythology; the 372-ton ship was armed with 10 guns. The ship took part in the Ross expedition of 1839-1843, was abandoned in 1848 during the third Franklin expedition; the sunken wreck was discovered by the Canadian Victoria Strait Expedition in September 2014. After two years' service in the Mediterranean Sea, Erebus was refitted as an exploration vessel for Antarctic service, on 21 November 1840 – captained by James Clark Ross – she departed from Van Diemen's Land for Antarctica in company with Terror. In January 1841, the crews of both ships landed on Victoria Land, proceeded to name areas of the landscape after British politicians and acquaintances. Mount Erebus, on Ross Island, was named after Mount Terror after the other; the crew discovered the Ross Ice Shelf, which they were unable to penetrate, followed it eastward until the lateness of the season compelled them to return to Van Diemen's Land.
The following season, 1842, Ross continued to survey the "Great Ice Barrier", as it was called, continuing to follow it eastward. Both ships returned to the Falkland Islands before returning to the Antarctic in the 1842–1843 season, they conducted studies in magnetism, returned with oceanographic data and collections of botanical and ornithological specimens. The plants were described in the resulting The Botany of the Antarctic Voyage of H. M. Discovery Ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839–1843, under the Command of Captain Sir James Clark Ross. Birds collected on the first expedition were described and illustrated by George Robert Gray and Richard Bowdler Sharpe in The Zoology of the Voyage of HMS Erebus & HMS Terror. Birds of New Zealand, 1875; the revised edition of Gray. The future botanist Joseph Dalton Hooker aged 23, was assistant-surgeon to Robert McCormick. In 1845, HMS Erebus and HMS Terror left England on a voyage of exploration to the Canadian Arctic, under Sir John Franklin. Both ships were outfitted with steam engines from the London and Greenwich Railway steam locomotives.
That of Erebus could propel the ship at 4 knots. The ships carried 12 days' supply of coal; the ships had iron plating added to their hulls. Sir John Franklin sailed in Erebus, in overall command of the expedition, Terror was again commanded by Francis Crozier; the expedition was ordered to gather magnetic data in the Canadian Arctic and to complete a crossing of the Northwest Passage, charted from both the east and west but had never been navigated. The ships were last seen by Europeans entering Baffin Bay in August 1845; the disappearance of the Franklin expedition set off a massive search effort in the Arctic. The broad circumstances of the expedition's fate were first revealed when Hudson's Bay Company doctor John Rae collected artifacts and testimony from local Inuit in 1853. Expeditions up to 1866 confirmed these reports. Both ships had become icebound and had been abandoned by their crews, totaling about 130 men, all of whom died from a variety of causes, including hypothermia and starvation while trying to trek overland to the south.
Subsequent expeditions until the late 1980s, including autopsies of crew members revealed that Erebus and Terror's shoddily canned rations may have been tainted by both lead and botulism. Oral reports by local Inuit that some of the crew members resorted to cannibalism were at least somewhat supported by forensic evidence of cut marks on the skeletal remains of crew members found on King William Island during the late 20th century. In April 1851 the British transport ship, spotted two ships on a large ice floe off the coast of Newfoundland; the identities of the ships were not confirmed. It was suggested over the years that these might have been Erebus and Terror, though it is now certain they could not have been and were most abandoned whaling ships. On 15 August 2008, Parks Canada, an agency of the Government of Canada, announced a Can$75,000 six-week search deploying the icebreaker Sir Wilfrid Laurier, with the goals of finding the ships and reinforcing Canada's claims regarding sovereignty over large portions of the Arctic.
The search was headed by underwater archeologist Robert Grenier, of Parks Canada, local historian Louie Kamookak, who had collected Inuit oral histories related to the wreck, as well as working with the written records. Kamookak, who died in 2018 at the age of 58, was made an officer of the Order of Canada and a member of the Order of Nunavut for his work; the wreckage of one of Franklin's ships was found on 2 September 2014 by a Parks Canada team led by Ryan Harris and Marc-André Bernier. On 1 October 2014, it was announced. Recovery of the ship's bell was announced on 6 November 2014. On 4 March 2015, it was announced that a diving expedition on Erebus, by Parks Canada and Royal Canadian Navy divers, would begin in April. On 12 September 2016, it was announced that the wreck of HMS Terror had been found submerged in Terror Bay, off the south-west coast of King William Island; the wrecks are designated a National Historic Site of Canada with the precise location of the designation in abeyance.
On 23 October 2017, it was announced by the UK's defence minister, Sir Michael Fallon, that the British government would be giving HMS Erebus and its sister ship HMS Terror to Canada, retaining only a few relics and any gold, along with the right to repatriate any human remains. HMS Erebus is featured alongside
Vincent Lam is a Canadian writer and medical doctor. Born in London and raised in Ottawa, Lam's parents came to Canada from the Chinese expatriate community in Vietnam, he attended St. Pius X High School and did his medical training at the University of Toronto, graduating in 1999. Lam worked as an emergency physician at Toronto East General Hospital and has done international air evacuation work and expedition medicine on Arctic and Antarctic ships.. He is working as an addictions physician at Coderix Medical Clinic. Lam's first book Bloodletting and Miraculous Cures is based on his experiences in medical school. Bloodletting and Miraculous Cures won the 2006 Scotiabank Giller Prize, Canada's most prestigious literary award, on November 7, 2006. Bloodletting and Miraculous Cures was a finalist for The Story Prize in 2008, his second book, the Flu Pandemic and You, co-authored by Dr Colin Lee, was published in 2008. Following Lam's Giller win, Shaftesbury Films announced that it had reached a deal to adapt Bloodletting into a television series, which debuted in January 2010 on HBO Canada.
Lam published a biography of Canadian politician Tommy Douglas, as part of Penguin Canada's Extraordinary Canadians series of historical biographies. His first novel, The Headmaster's Wager, was published in 2012 by Doubleday Canada and has been shortlisted for the 2012 Governor General's Literary Award. Lam lives with his wife and 3 children in Toronto; the Flu Pandemic and You, co-written with Colin Lee with a foreword by Margaret Atwood Bloodletting and Miraculous Cures Extraordinary Canadians: Tommy Douglas The Headmaster's Wager Val Ross. "Prizewinning fiction and undoctored". The Globe and Mail. Official website Vincent Lam on IMDb
Margaret Eleanor Atwood is a Canadian poet, literary critic, inventor and environmental activist. She has published seventeen books of poetry, sixteen novels, ten books of non-fiction, eight collections of short fiction, eight children's books, one graphic novel, as well as a number of small press editions in poetry and fiction. Atwood and her writing have won numerous awards and honors including the Man Booker Prize, Arthur C. Clarke Award, Governor General's Award, Franz Kafka Prize, the National Book Critics and PEN Center USA Lifetime Achievement Awards. Atwood is the inventor and developer of the LongPen and associated technologies that facilitate the remote robotic writing of documents; as a novelist and poet, Atwood's works encompass a variety of themes including the power of language and identity, religion and myth, climate change, "power politics." Many of her poems are inspired by myths and fairy tales which interested her from a early age. Among her contributions to Canadian literature, Atwood is a founder of the Griffin Poetry Prize and Writers' Trust of Canada.
Atwood was born in Ottawa, Canada, as the second of three children of Carl Edmund Atwood, an entomologist and Margaret Dorothy, a former dietitian and nutritionist from Woodville, Nova Scotia. Because of her father's ongoing research in forest entomology, Atwood spent much of her childhood in the backwoods of northern Quebec and travelling back and forth between Ottawa, Sault Ste. Marie, Toronto, she did not attend school full-time. She became a voracious reader of literature, Dell pocketbook mysteries, Grimms' Fairy Tales, Canadian animal stories and comic books, she attended Leaside High School in Leaside and graduated in 1957. Atwood began writing poems at the age of six. Atwood realized. In 1957, she began studying at Victoria College in the University of Toronto, where she published poems and articles in Acta Victoriana, the college literary journal, participated in the sophomore theatrical tradition of The Bob Comedy Revue, her professors included Northrop Frye. She graduated in 1961 with a Bachelor of minors in philosophy and French.
In 1961 Atwood began graduate studies at Radcliffe College of Harvard University, with a Woodrow Wilson fellowship. She obtained a master's degree from Radcliffe in 1962 and pursued doctoral studies for two years, but did not finish her dissertation, "The English Metaphysical Romance". In 1968, Atwood married an American writer, she formed a relationship with fellow novelist Graeme Gibson soon afterward and moved to a farm near Alliston, where their daughter, Eleanor Jess Atwood Gibson, was born in 1976. The family returned to Toronto in 1980. Although she is an accomplished writer, Margaret Atwood claims to be a terrible speller. Atwood's first book of poetry, Double Persephone, was published as a pamphlet by Hawskhead Press in 1961, winning the E. J. Pratt Medal. While continuing to write, Atwood was a lecturer in English at the University of British Columbia, from 1964 to 1965, Instructor in English at the Sir George Williams University in Montreal from 1967 to 1968, taught at the University of Alberta from 1969 to 1970.
In 1966, The Circle Game was published. This collection was followed by three other small press collections of poetry: Kaleidoscopes Baroque: a poem, Cranbrook Academy of Art. Atwood's first novel, The Edible Woman, was published in 1969; as a social satire of North American consumerism, many critics have cited the novel as an early example of the feminist concerns found in many of Atwood's works. Atwood taught at York University in Toronto from 1971 to 1972 and was a writer-in-residence at the University of Toronto during the 1972/1973 academic year. A prolific period for her poetry, Atwood published six collections over the course of the decade: The Journals of Susanna Moodie, Procedures for Underground, Power Politics, You Are Happy, Selected Poems 1965–1975, Two-Headed Poems. Atwood published three novels during this time: Surfacing. Surfacing, Lady Oracle, Life Before Man, like The Edible Woman, explore identity and social constructions of gender as they relate to topics such as nationhood and sexual politics.
In particular, along with her first non-fiction monograph, Survival: A Thematic Guide to Canadian Literature, helped establish Atwood as an important and emerging voice in Canadian literature. In 1977 Atwood published her first short story collection, Dancing Girls, the winner of the St. Lawrence Award for Fiction and the award of The Periodical Distributors of Canada for Short Fiction. By 1976 interest in Atwood, her works, her life were high enough that Maclean's declared her to be "Canada's most gossiped-about writer." Atwood's literary reputation continued to rise in the 1980s with the publication of Bodily Harm. Despite her distaste for literary labels, Atwood has since conceded to referring to The Handmaid's Tale as a work of science fiction or, more spec
Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton was a British polar explorer who led three British expeditions to the Antarctic. He was one of the principal figures of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. Born in Kilkea, County Kildare, Ireland and his Anglo-Irish family moved to Sydenham in suburban south London when he was ten, his first experience of the polar regions was as third officer on Captain Robert Falcon Scott's Discovery Expedition 1901–1904, from which he was sent home early on health grounds, after he and his companions Scott and Edward Adrian Wilson set a new southern record by marching to latitude 82°S. During the second expedition 1907–1909 he and three companions established a new record Farthest South latitude at 88°S, only 97 geographical miles from the South Pole, the largest advance to the pole in exploration history. Members of his team climbed Mount Erebus, the most active Antarctic volcano. For these achievements, Shackleton was knighted by King Edward VII on his return home.
After the race to the South Pole ended in December 1911 with Roald Amundsen's conquest, Shackleton turned his attention to the crossing of Antarctica from sea to sea, via the pole. To this end, he made preparations for what became the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition, 1914–17. Disaster struck this expedition when its ship, became trapped in pack ice and was crushed before the shore parties could be landed; the crew escaped by camping on the sea ice until it disintegrated by launching the lifeboats to reach Elephant Island and the inhabited island of South Georgia, a stormy ocean voyage of 720 nautical miles and Shackleton's most famous exploit. In 1921, he returned to the Antarctic with the Shackleton–Rowett Expedition, but died of a heart attack while his ship was moored in South Georgia. At his wife's request, he was buried there. Away from his expeditions, Shackleton's life was restless and unfulfilled. In his search for rapid pathways to wealth and security, he launched business ventures which failed to prosper, he died in debt.
Upon his death, he was lauded in the press but was thereafter forgotten, while the heroic reputation of his rival Scott was sustained for many decades. In the 20th century, Shackleton was "rediscovered", became a role model for leadership as one who, in extreme circumstances, kept his team together in a survival story described by cultural historian Stephanie Barczewski as "incredible". In his 1956 address to the British Association, Sir Raymond Priestley, one of his contemporaries, said "Scott for scientific method, Amundsen for speed and efficiency but when disaster strikes and all hope is gone, get down on your knees and pray for Shackleton", paraphrasing what Apsley Cherry-Garrard had written in a preface to The Worst Journey in the World. In 2002, Shackleton was voted eleventh in a BBC poll of the 100 Greatest Britons. Shackleton was born on 15 February 1874 in Kilkea, County Kildare, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, his father, Henry Shackleton, tried to enter the army, but his poor health prevented him from doing so.
He became a farmer instead. The Shackleton family are of English origin from Yorkshire. Abraham Shackleton, an English Quaker, moved to Ireland in 1726 and started a school at Ballitore, County Kildare. Shackleton's mother, Henrietta Letitia Sophia Gavan, was descended from the Fitzmaurices, an Anglo-Irish family which had arrived in Ireland during the Anglo-Norman Invasion. Ernest was the first of two sons. In 1880, when Ernest was six, Henry Shackleton gave up his life as a landowner to study medicine at Trinity College, moving his family to the city. Four years the family moved again, from Ireland to Sydenham in suburban London; this was in search of better professional prospects for the newly qualified doctor, but another factor may have been unease about their Anglo-Irish ancestry, following the assassination by Irish nationalists of Lord Frederick Cavendish, the British Secretary for Ireland, in 1882. From early childhood, Shackleton was a voracious reader, a pursuit which sparked a passion for adventure.
He was schooled by a governess until the age of eleven, when he began at Fir Lodge Preparatory School in West Hill, Dulwich, in southeast London. At the age of thirteen, he entered Dulwich College; the young Shackleton did not distinguish himself as a scholar, was said to be "bored" by his studies. He was quoted as saying: "I never learned much geography at school... Literature, consisted in the dissection, the parsing, the analysing of certain passages from our great poets and prose-writers... teachers should be careful not to spoil taste for poetry for all time by making it a task and an imposition." In his final term at the school he was still able to achieve fifth place in his class of thirty-one. Shackleton's restlessness at school was such that he was allowed to go to sea; the options available were a Royal Naval cadetship at HMS Britannia, which Dr Shackleton could not afford. The third option was chosen, his father was able to secure him a berth with the North Western Shipping Company, aboard the square-rigged sailing ship Hoghton Tower.
During the following four years at sea, Shackleton learned his trade, visiting the far corners of the earth and forming acquaintances with a variety of people from m
The Globe and Mail
The Globe and Mail is a Canadian newspaper printed in five cities in western and central Canada. With a weekly readership of 2,018,923 in 2015, it is Canada's most read newspaper on weekdays and Saturdays, although it falls behind the Toronto Star in overall weekly circulation because the Star publishes a Sunday edition while the Globe does not; the Globe and Mail is regarded by some as Canada's "newspaper of record". The newspaper is owned based in Toronto; the predecessor to The Globe and Mail was called The Globe. Brown's liberal politics led him to court the support of the Clear Grits, precursor to the modern Liberal Party of Canada; the Globe began in Toronto as a weekly party organ for Brown's Reform Party, but seeing the economic gains that he could make in the newspaper business, Brown soon targeted a wide audience of liberal minded freeholders. He selected as the motto for the editorial page a quotation from Junius, "The subject, loyal to the Chief Magistrate will neither advise nor submit to arbitrary measures."
The quotation is carried on the editorial page to this day. By the 1850s, The Globe had become an well-regarded daily newspaper, it began distribution by railway to other cities in Ontario shortly after Confederation. At the dawn of the twentieth century, The Globe added photography, a women's section, the slogan "Canada's National Newspaper", which remains on its front-page banner, it began opening bureaus and offering subscriptions across Canada. On 23 November 1936, The Globe merged with The Mail and Empire, itself formed through the 1895 merger of two conservative newspapers, The Toronto Mail and Toronto Empire. Press reports at the time stated, "the minnow swallowed the whale" because The Globe's circulation was smaller than The Mail and Empire's; the merger was arranged by George McCullagh, who fronted for mining magnate William Henry Wright and became the first publisher of The Globe and Mail. McCullagh committed suicide in 1952, the newspaper was sold to the Webster family of Montreal.
As the paper lost ground to The Toronto Star in the local Toronto market, it began to expand its national circulation. The newspaper was unionised under the banner of the American Newspaper Guild. From 1937 until 1974, the newspaper was produced at the William H. Wright Building, located at 140 King Street West on the northeast corner of King Street and York Street, close to the homes of the Toronto Daily Star at Old Toronto Star Building at 80 King West and the Old Toronto Telegram Building at Bay and Melinda; the building at 130 King Street West was demolished in 1974 to make way for First Canadian Place, the newspaper moved to 444 Front Street West, the headquarters of the Toronto Telegram newspaper, built in 1963. In 1965, the paper was bought by Winnipeg-based FP Publications, controlled by Bryan Maheswary, which owned a chain of local Canadian newspapers. FP put a strong emphasis on the Report on Business section, launched in 1962, thereby building the paper's reputation as the voice of Toronto's business community.
FP Publications and The Globe and Mail were sold in 1980 to The Thomson Corporation, a company run by the family of Kenneth Thomson. After the acquisition there were few changes made in news policy. However, there was more attention paid to national and international news on the editorial, op-ed, front pages in contrast to its previous policy of stressing Toronto and Ontario material; the Globe and Mail has always been a morning newspaper. Since the 1980s, it has been printed in separate editions in six Canadian cities: Montreal, Winnipeg and Vancouver. Southern Ontario Newspaper Guild employees took their first strike vote at The Globe in 1982 marking a new era in relations with the company; those negotiations ended without a strike, the Globe unit of SONG still has a strike-free record. SONG members voted in 1994 to sever ties with the American-focused Newspaper Guild. Shortly afterwards, SONG affiliated with the Communications and Paperworkers Union of Canada. Under the editorship of William Thorsell in the 1980s and 1990s, the paper endorsed the free trade policies of Progressive Conservative Prime Minister Brian Mulroney.
The paper became an outspoken proponent of the Meech Lake Accord and the Charlottetown Accord, with their editorial the day of the 1995 Quebec Referendum quoting a Mulroney speech in favour of the Accord. During this period, the paper continued to favour such liberal policies as decriminalizing drugs and expanding gay rights. In 1995, the paper launched globeandmail.com. Since the launch of the National Post as another English-language national paper in 1998, some industry analysts had proclaimed a "national newspaper war" between The Globe and Mail and the National Post; as a response to this threat, in 2001, The Globe and Mail was combined with broadcast assets held by Bell Canada to form the joint venture Bell Globemedia. In 2004, access to some features of globeandmail.com became restricted to paid subscribers only. The subscription service was reduced a few years to include an electronic edition of the newspaper, access to its archives, membership to a premium investment site
Third Man factor
The Third Man factor or Third Man syndrome refers to the reported situations where an unseen presence such as a spirit provides comfort or support during traumatic experiences. Sir Ernest Shackleton in his book South, described his belief that an incorporeal being joined him and two others during the final leg of their journey. Shackleton wrote, "during that long and racking march of thirty-six hours over the unnamed mountains and glaciers of South Georgia, it seemed to me that we were four, not three." His admission resulted in other survivors of extreme hardship coming forward and sharing similar experiences. In recent years well-known adventurers like climber Reinhold Messner and polar explorers Peter Hillary and Ann Bancroft have reported the experience. One study of cases involving adventurers reported that the largest group involved climbers, with solo sailors and shipwreck survivors being the second most common group, followed by polar explorers; some journalists have related this to the concept of imaginary friend.
Scientific explanations consider this an example of bicameralism. The concept was popularized by a book by John G. Geiger The Third Man Factor, that documents scores of examples. Modern psychologists have used the'third man factor' to treat victims of trauma; the ` cultivated inner character' lends imagined comfort. Lines 359 through 365 of T. S. Eliot's modernist poem The Waste Land were inspired by Shackleton's experience, as stated by the author in the notes included with the work. In Geraldine McCaughrean's young adult fiction novel, The White Darkness, the teenage heroine, joins a doomed Antarctic expedition. Abandoned and lost, she is guided to safety by a "third man", her imaginary friend, Captain Lawrence Oates. In Larry McMurtry's Western novel Lonesome Dove, Pea Eye, after surviving an Indian attack with Gus, makes a trek back to Call and has an experience of a "ghost" or "spirit" that guides him during his walk. Thomas Pynchon's novel Against the Day makes reference to the experience.
In Max Brooks's novel World War Z, Colonel Christina Eliopolis crash lands in the midst of zombie-infested territory but is able to survive and be picked up with the assistance of a Sky Watcher codenamed "Mets Fan", revealed to be a figment of her imagination. She maintains the belief. In the 2013 film Gravity, biomedical engineer Ryan Stone watches astronaut Matt Kowalski float away into space to certain death. In the film, as an exhausted Stone is about to give up, we see Kowalski appear and enter her space capsule, he gives Stone the strength of will to continue, shows her a means to survive. Geiger, John; the Third Man Factor. Toronto: Viking Canada. ISBN 0-14-301751-9. "The Current for January 27, 2009 - Part 3: Third Man Factor". CBC Radio: The Current. January 27, 2009. Messner, Reinhold. "Guardian Angels Or The'Third Man Factor'?". NPR. Retrieved 26 January 2010. Literature DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2014.09.049 - Neurological and robot-controlled induction of an apparition - describes how the Third man factor, is produced in experiments as ´feelings of presence´ - with normal persons.
Chalmers, Sarah. "The Third Man Factor: How those in dire peril have felt a sudden presence at their side, inspiring them to survive". Mail Online. Retrieved 6 July 2009. John Geiger's Website
Ann Bancroft is an American author, teacher and public speaker. She was the first woman to finish a number of arduous expeditions to the Arctic and Antarctic, she was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame in 1995. Ann Bancroft was born in Mendota Heights and grew up in St. Paul, Minnesota. Bancroft spent two years in Kenya in sixth grades. Bancroft began leading wilderness expeditions when she was 8-years-old when she convinced her cousins to join her on backyard expeditions, she described her family as one of risk takers. Bancroft struggled with dyslexia from an early age, but she graduated High School and was accepted at the University of Oregon where she graduated with a Physical Education Degree in 1981. Bancroft was a camper and staff member at YMCA Camp Widjiwagan in Ely, MN. Bancroft taught Physical Education and Special Education in St. Paul and Minneapolis, Minnesota. Bancroft became a gym teacher in Minneapolis and St. Paul. Ann Bancroft founded the Ann Bancroft Foundation in 1991.
The Ann Bancroft foundation supports the Wilderness Inquiry group and Bancroft teaches at Wilderness Inquiry. The Wilderness Inquiry group allows individuals and families to go on outdoor adventures, the adventures are open to people of all ability levels. Bancroft co-owns an exploration company, Bancroft Arnesen Explore, with Liv Arnesen. Bancroft has been on expeditions on the Ganges River in India, crossed Greenland, traveled to the North Pole, crossed the South Pole. Bancroft gave up her physical education and special education teaching posts in 1986 in order to participate with the "Will Steger International North Pole Expedition", she arrived at the North Pole together with five other team members after 56 days using dogsleds. This made Bancroft the first woman to reach the North Pole by sled, she was the first woman to cross both polar ice caps to reach the North and South Poles, as well as the first woman to ski across Greenland. In 1992–1993, Bancroft led a four-woman expedition to the South Pole on skis.
In 2001, Ann and Norwegian adventurer Liv Arnesen became the first women to ski across Antarctica. In March 2007, Bancroft and Liv Arnesen took part in a trek across the Arctic Ocean to draw attention to the problem of global warming; the two explorers were followed be millions of school children. However, according to The Washington Post, the expedition was called off "after Liv Arnesen suffered frostbite in three of her toes, extreme cold temperatures drained the batteries in some of their electronic equipment."In 2017, Bancroft led an expedition on the Ganges River as part of the "Access Water Initiative Series." The Ganges River expedition's purpose was to raise awareness of the importance of clean water and that waste will travel downstream. This expedition was a 60-day trip on 1,500 miles of waterway. Bancroft plans to boat down the Mississippi river in 2018 with other female explorers. Future expeditions will be conducted on every continent; this initiative aims to encourage children to protect their waterways, a vital resource.
In 2018, Bancroft will paddle down the 2,320 mile Mississippi River. Future trips include Africa in 2019, Oceania in 2021, South America in 2023, Europe in 2025, Antarctica in 2027. Bancroft is gay and in 2006, she publicly campaigned against a proposed amendment to the Minnesota Constitution to prohibit any legal recognition of marriages or civil unions between members of the same sex. Bancroft supports awareness of Access Water, Winter Warm-Up challenges, global warming. First woman to reach the North Pole in 1986. Named Woman of the Year by Ms. Magazine in 1987. Leader of the first east-west crossing of Greenland in 1992. Became the first woman to reach both poles in 1992. Leader of the first all-female expedition to the South Pole in 1992–1993. Included in Remarkable Women of the Twentieth Century in 1998. One of the first two women to cross Antarctica on foot in 2001. Named Woman of the Year by Glamour Magazine in 2001. Induction into the National Women's Hall of Fame for the United States in 2005.
Attempted another expedition to the North Pole with Liv Arnesen, but frostbite stopped their trek in 2007 Named one of history's greatest polar explorers in 2011. Finished the first Source to Sea Access Water expedition on the Ganges River with seven other women in 2015, covering 1,500 miles in 60 days. Bancroft, Ann & Nancy Loewen. Four to the Pole! The American Women's Expedition to Antarctica, 1992–1993. Linnet Books. Arnesen, Liz & Ann Bancroft with Cheryl Dahle. No Horizon Is So Far: Their Extraordinary Journey Across Antarctica. De Capo Press. ISBN 0-7382-0794-2. No Horizon Is So Far describes Ann Bancroft's and Lis Arnesen's 1,700 mile trek across Antarctica in 2000–2001; the nonfiction book won an Amelia Bloomer award in 2005. Bancroft, Ann & Liz Arnesen. Ann and Liz Cross Antarctica. De Capo Press. ISBN 0-7382-0934-1. Duncan, Joyce. Ahead of Their Time: a Biographical Dictionary of Risk-Taking Women. Portsmouth: Greenwood Publishing Group. Pp. 38–42. ISBN 9781280908699. "Explorer Ann Bancroft Plays'Not My Job'", NPR, Wait Wait Don't Tell Me, June 26, 2010