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John Goldsmith (linguist)

John Anton Goldsmith is the Edward Carson Waller Distinguished Service Professor at the University of Chicago, with appointments in linguistics and computer science. He was educated at Swarthmore College, where he obtained his B. A. in 1972, at MIT, where he completed his Ph. D. in Linguistics under Morris Halle in 1976. He was on the faculty at the Department of Linguistics at Indiana University, before joining the University of Chicago in 1984, he has taught at the LSA Linguistic Institutes and has held visiting appointments at McGill, UCSD, among others. In 2007, Goldsmith was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Sciences. Goldsmith's research ranges from phonology to computational linguistics, his Ph. D thesis introduced autosegmental phonology, which regards phonological phenomena as a collection of parallel tiers with individual segments representing certain features of speech, his recent research deals with unsupervised learning of linguistic structure, as well as in extending computational linguistics algorithms to bioinformatics.

John A Goldsmith, Bernard Laks, Battle in the Mind Fields, University of Chicago Press, 2018 Goldsmith's homepage Autosegmental phonology

Denton Wilde Sapte

Denton Wilde Sapte LLP was an international law firm headquartered in London, United Kingdom. It merged with the United States-based law firm Sonnenschein Nath & Rosenthal in September 2010, forming SNR Denton. At the time of the merger, Denton Wilde Sapte employed around 610 lawyers. Denton Wilde Sapte was established on 1 February 2000 through a merger between the City of London-based law firms Denton Hall and Wilde Sapte; the merger created. Denton Hall had been established in 1788 by Sam Denton, Thomas Wilde founded what was to become Wilde Sapte with partner Samuel Archer Hussey in 1785. In September 1988 Anthony Alexander, the Senior Partner of City law firm Herbert Oppenheimer Nathan & Vanayk, had joined Denton Hall Burgin & Warren along with 17 partners and 62 other lawyers. Denton Hall was a co-founder of the international alliance of law firms, Denton International, dissolved on 31 December 2003 after the partnership of German member Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek voted against a merger with Denton Wilde Sapte.

In 2004 and 2005 Denton Wilde Sapte suffered a significant number of partner defections to rival firms, including of a group of 11 technology and telecoms partners to DLA Piper in 2004. It converted from a partnership to a limited liability partnership on 1 November 2006. On 26 May 2010 Denton Wilde Sapte and the United States-based law firm Sonnenschein Nath & Rosenthal announced their intention to merge. On 30 September 2010 the merger between Denton Wilde Sapte and Sonnenschein Nath & Rosenthal was formally completed, establishing SNR Denton. List of 100 largest law firms List of largest European law firms List of largest United Kingdom-based law firms

Virginia's 9th congressional district

Virginia's ninth congressional district is a United States congressional district in the Commonwealth of Virginia, covering much of the southwestern part of the state. The 9th is Virginia's second-largest district in area. Since 2011 it has been represented by Morgan Griffith, who took office after defeating Rick Boucher, the district's representative for 1983-2011; the white district was aligned with the Democratic Party well into the 20th century, when Virginia was among the Solid South states and African Americans were disenfranchised. Since the 1990s its voters have cast ballots for Republican presidential candidates, it last supported a Democrat for president in 1996, has supported a Democrat in only two statewide contests since then. Since the late 2000s, the 9th district has trended towards the Republican Party despite its historic support for the Democratic Party; the 9th is the only district in Virginia that cast more votes for Hillary Clinton than Barack Obama in the 2008 Democratic Presidential Primary.

Clinton won more than 60% of the vote, despite local Congressman Rick Boucher endorsing Obama. Republican presidential candidate John McCain received 59% of the vote in the 9th district in the 2008 General Election, his best performance in any of Virginia's eleven congressional districts. Voters in the 9th district supported McCain over Obama in the general election, despite reelecting Democratic Congressman Rick Boucher. In the 2010 Congressional midterm elections, in which Democrats lost their majority in Congress, Virginia State Delegate Morgan Griffith unseated Congressman Boucher by aligning Boucher with President Barack Obama and Speaker Nancy Pelosi, both unpopular figures in the district at the time. Since the district has not supported a Democrat in a statewide or federal election; as of 2017, the 9th district had the highest poverty rate of any Virginia Congressional District, at 18.7 percent. The 9th district covers all or part of the following political subdivisions: The entirety of: Lee Wise Dickenson Buchanan Scott Russell Tazewell Washington Smyth Bland Giles Grayson Wythe Pulaski Montgomery Carroll Craig Floyd PatrickPortions of: Alleghany Roanoke Henry Bristol Covington Galax Martinsville Norton Radford Salem As of February 2019, there is one living former member of the House from the district.

The most recent to die was William C. Wampler on May 23, 2012. Virginia's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

Festuca perennis

Festuca perennis is a ryegrass native to temperate Europe, though its precise native range is unknown. It is a herbaceous annual, biennial, or perennial grass, grown for silage, as a cover crop, it is grown as an ornamental grass. It naturalizes in temperate climates, can become a noxious weed in agricultural areas and an invasive species in native habitats, it is a host plant to wheat yellow leaf virus in its native Europe. It is sometimes considered a subspecies of perennial ryegrass, it differs from L. perenne in its spikelet, which has a long bristle at the top, its stem, round rather than folded. It can be mistaken for couch, which has spikelets along the broad side of the stem rather than the edge. Other common names in English include Australian ryegrass, short rotation ryegrass, Westerwolds ryegrass, it is one of several species called darnel. This species was known as Lolium multiflorum. In the United States, Festuca perennis is sometimes used as a winter cover crop to prevent erosion, build soil structure and suppress weeds.

As a palatable forage crop, it can be grazed by livestock and provide food in years when alfalfa suffers from winter kill

Chʼol language

The Chʼol language is a member of the western branch of the Mayan language family used by the Chʼol people in the Mexican state of Chiapas. There are two main dialects: Chʼol of Tila spoken by 43,870 people of whom 10,000 are monolinguals in the villages of Tila, Vicente Guerrero and Limar in Chiapas. Chʼol of Tumbalá spoken by 90,000 people of whom 30,000 are monolinguals in the villages of Tumbalá, Misijá, Limar and Vicente Guerrero; the Cholan branch of the Mayan languages is considered to be conservative and Chʼol along with its two closest relatives the Chʼortiʼ language of Guatemala and Honduras, the Chontal Maya language of Tabasco are believed to be the modern languages that best reflect their relationship with the Classic Maya language. Chʼol-language programming is carried by the CDI's radio station XEXPUJ-AM, broadcasting from Xpujil, Campeche; the basic word order is VOS. However, word order varies and VOS is not always grammatical: factors including animacy, definiteness and focus contribute to determining which word order is appropriate.

Chʼol is a split ergative language: its morphosyntactic alignment varies according to aspect. With perfective aspect, ergative-absolutive alignment is used, whereas with imperfective aspect, we rather observe nominative-accusative. Numeral classifiers are obligatorily included in noun phrases containing numerals, they occur between the noun. The classifiers vary according to semantic properties of the noun: -tyikil is used for persons, -tyejk for trees, etc. Below is the vowel inventory of Chʼol. Acala Chʼol Lakandon Chʼol Manche Chʼol El chʼol, website with links to unpublished scholarly work on the language Mayan Languages Collection of Victoria Bricker at the Archive of the Indigenous Languages of Latin America. Contains a recording of a Chʼol narrative from Tila, Chiapas


Cooker may refer to several types of cooking appliances and devices used for cooking foods. AGA cooker – a heat storage stove and cooker, which works on the principle that a heavy frame made from cast iron components can absorb heat from a low-intensity but continuously-burning source, the accumulated heat can be used when needed for cooking. Heated by slow-burning coal, the Aga cooker was invented in 1922 by the Nobel Prize-winning Swedish physicist Gustaf Dalén, employed first as the chief engineer of the Swedish AGA company. Cook stove – heated by burning wood, animal dung or crop residue. Cook stoves are used for cooking and heating food in developing countries. Electric cooker – an electric powered cooking device for heating and cooking of food Gas stove – uses natural gas, butane, liquefied petroleum gas or other flammable gas as a fuel source. Most modern stoves come in a unit with built-in extractor hoods. Induction cooker – heats a cooking vessel with induction heating, instead of infrared radiation from electrical wires or a gas flame as with a traditional cooking stove.

For all models of induction cooktop, a cooking vessel must be made of a ferromagnetic metal such as cast iron or stainless steel or at least compounded with a steel inlay. Copper and aluminum vessels can be placed on a ferromagnetic interface disk which enables these materials to be used. Kitchen stove – a kitchen appliance designed for the purpose of cooking food. Kitchen stoves rely on the application of direct heat for the cooking process and may contain an oven, used for baking. Pressure cooker – heats food because the internal steam pressure from the boiling liquid causes saturated steam to bombard and permeate the food. Thus, higher temperature water vapour, which transfers heat more compared to dry air, cooks food quickly. Rice cooker – referred to as a rice steamer, is an electric kitchen appliance used to boil or steam rice. Electric rice cookers were developed in Japan. Slow cooker – known as a Crock-Pot, is a countertop electrical cooking appliance, used for simmering, which requires maintaining a low temperature.

It allows for the unattended cooking for many hours of pot roast, soups, "boiled" dinners and other suitable dishes, including dips and beverages. Solar cooker – a device which uses the energy of direct sunlight to heat, cook or pasteurize food or drink. Many solar cookers presently in use are inexpensive, low-tech devices, although some are as powerful or as expensive as traditional stoves, advanced, large-scale solar cookers can cook for hundreds of people; the Cooker is the given name to a coin-activated robot made out of an oven and storage cabinet that patrols the moon, as seen in the 1989 Wallace and Gromit short, A Grand Day Out. It is protective of the moon and becomes hostile when it discovers that Wallace and Gromit have landed there, it secretly has a lifelong dream of skiing. As well as being called The Cooker, an audio adaptation of A Grand Day Out refers to it as The Moon Machine. Cookers Cooking apple Cook List of cooking appliances List of cooking techniques List of cooking vessels List of ovens List of stoves List of words having different meanings in British and American English: A–L#C