La Plata, Maryland
La Plata is a town in Charles County, United States. The population was 8,753 at the 2010 census, it is the county seat of Charles County. According to an unconfirmed local story, the town was named by one Colonel Samuel Chapman, whose family owned 6,000 acres of land in Charles County; the Colonel traveled to South America with his son George, who had contracted tuberculosis, in search of a cure. In his travels, the Colonel had encountered the Río de la Plata, which flows through Argentina and Uruguay, thus naming a portion of his property "La Plata."In the 1870s, a section of the Pennsylvania Railroad had been constructed through the town of La Plata, leading to its 1888 incorporation. The La Plata courthouse had been built soon after the 1819 Port Tobacco courthouse caught fire in 1895 under suspicious circumstances. In 1904, the historic Christ Episcopal Church in Port Tobacco, which dates to 1683 and was reconstructed in 1884, was dismantled and its stones were transported by oxen and cart to its current lot in La Plata.
In 1940, the opening of the Potomac River Bridge, which carries U. S. Route 301 over the Potomac River, provided a link to King George and brought long-distance east coast traffic through the town as an alternative to U. S. 1 and Interstate 95. La Plata has been affected by two major tornadoes in its history. On November 9, 1926, an F4 tornado killed 17 people, 14 of them in the La Plata Elementary School, destroyed. On April 28, 2002, another F4 tornado cut a 24-mile-long swath through Charles County, with areas around La Plata damaged most severely; this tornado caused four deaths. Local officials credited federal- and state-assisted new construction efforts with helping them to remodel the downtown area following the tornado, as several new public buildings replaced some of those damaged there. A new La Plata Town Hall, for example, became Southern Maryland's first LEED certified building, an old building considered historic by local residents, which housed a CVS Pharmacy store at the time of the tornado, was rebuilt in a new location after the storm.
In the days after the tornado, help was provided by twenty-seven different jurisdictions, as well as the nearby Amish community in St. Mary's County. La Plata is located at 38°32′3″N 76°58′24″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 7.45 square miles, of which, 7.40 square miles is land and 0.05 square miles is water. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, La Plata has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps; the median income for a household in the town was $56,490, the median income for a family was $66,288. Males had a median income of $42,492 versus $32,125 for females; the per capita income for the town was $24,669. About 8.3% of families and 10.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.0% of those under age 18 and 18.1% of those age 65 or over. As of the census of 2010, there were 8,753 people, 3,062 households, 2,091 families residing in the town.
The population density was 1,182.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 3,234 housing units at an average density of 437.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 66.3% White, 26.7% African American, 0.5% Native American, 2.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.2% of the population. There were 3,062 households of which 38.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 15.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, 31.7% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.17. The median age in the town was 38.4 years. 24.4% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 48.3% male and 51.7% female. La Plata is a residential community.
Some residents work for the Charles County government, while others commute to Waldorf or the Washington, D. C. and Baltimore areas for work, including to Andrews Air Force Base and Naval Air Station Patuxent River. The town is experiencing a transformation into a thriving business and commercial center, thanks to development of office buildings and the town's recent reconstruction. Historic Mount Carmel, a Catholic convent, is just outside La Plata, near the main campus of the College of Southern Maryland. La Plata has county offices, University of Maryland Charles Regional Medical Center, the main campus of the College of Southern Maryland, a community theater, a large outdoor athletic complex, a large construction business, two nursing homes, a host of stores and restaurants, in addition to a twice-weekly farmers' market. At the north edge of town are Walmart and Target department stores, three supermarkets, a Lowe's home-improvement store, two all-night drugstores. Rosewick Road is connected with St. Charles Parkway to adjacent Waldorf, providing drivers an alternative to using U.
S. Route 301. Public schools in La Plata include La Plata High School, Milton Somers Middle School, Walter Mitchell Elementary, Mary Matula Elementary. 1963-1967 Lowell E. Hawthorne 1967-1973 Raymond T. Tilghman 1973-1983 Victor B. Bowling, Jr. 1983-2005
William H. Watson
Lieutenant Colonel William H. Watson commanded the Battalion of Baltimore and District of Columbia Volunteers in the Mexican–American War. Prior to that, he had been a captain in the "Independent Blues" Company of the 5th Maryland and served with the West Indies Squadron of the United States Navy against pirates, he was killed in the Battle of Monterrey on September 22, 1846. Watson is mentioned in the fourth verse of the official state song "Maryland, My Maryland." The song was written in 1861, fifteen years after Watson's death in Mexico, by James Ryder Randall while teaching in Louisiana, after hearing about the outbreak of rioting and loss of life as Massachusetts and Pennsylvania militia troops in Baltimore. The troops were marching between the President Street Station of the Philadelphia and Baltimore Railroad west on Pratt Street to the Camden Street Station of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad to get to Washington, D. C. in response to President Abraham Lincoln's request for 75,000 volunteers and proclamation of a state of rebellion after the shelling of Fort Sumter in Charleston harbor in South Carolina on April 14, 1861, at the beginning the Civil War.
This "First Bloodshed of the War" was called the Pratt Street Riot. The "Maryland" song became a Southern battle hymn during the War and was adopted as the official state song in 1939. A monument to Watson exists at the corner of West North Avenue and Mount Royal Terrace in Baltimore near the old Gateway Entrance Pillars to Druid Hill Park where it was re-located in 1930; the Monument with its ten-foot bronze statue by famed local artist Edward Berge, placed on a granite pedestal, flanked by two captured Mexican Army mortars was erected and dedicated in late September 1903, on the 57th anniversary of his death at the Storming of Monterrey in Mexico on September 22, 1846. Bronze plaques on either side of the pedestal record the names of those killed in the engagement, the surviving members of the Maryland Association of Veterans of the Mexican War, the deceased members of the Veterans, the members of the Monument/Memorial Committee, it was unveiled by his sole surviving child—a daughter, Monterey Watson Iglehart, born on the day her father was killed.
The statue was covered by the same U. S. flag that shrouded his body. The main speaker and orator for the ceremonies that day was Edwin Warfield, the founder and president of the influential Fidelity and Deposit Trust Company of Maryland (located in a landmark granite skyscraper headquarters, built 1894, at North Charles and West Lexington Streets. Warfield was elected the next year as the 45th Governor of Maryland. Several other Baltimore and Maryland officials were joined by surviving veterans and their leaders along with representatives of other veterans groups from other wars; the original site of the Watson Monument when it was dedicated was at the intersection of West Mount Royal Avenue and West Lanvale Street, several blocks southwest of its location. It was moved back in 1930 because of a planned extension to the north of North Howard Street. Monument to William H. Watson Brief mention of Watson Roll of Honor, Descendants of Mexican War Veterans Explore Baltimore Heritage - Watson Monument
Wicomico River (Potomac River tributary)
The Wicomico River is a 13.0-mile-long tributary of the lower tidal portion of the Potomac River located in the U. S. state of Maryland south of Washington, DC. The river empties into the Potomac at St. Margaret's Island, its watershed area is 77 square miles, with 2% impervious surface in 1994. in Charles, St. Mary's, southern Prince George's counties; the lower section of the river forms part of the boundary between St. Mary's counties; the Wicomico River was designated a Scenic River under the Maryland Scenic River Act in 1968, there are Scenic River Commissions for it in both Charles and St. Mary's counties. Allens Fresh Run Willmer Creek Cramer Gut Posey Creek Tears Gut Steinhauser Gut Bunker Hill Branch Foggy Bottoms Gut Colby Run Newport Marsh Run Newport Run Hickory Gut St. Clair Gut Murphy Run Hodister Run Lloyd Drain Bowling Gut Budds Creek Chaptico Bay Chaptico Run Burroughs Run Bull Run Maddox Creek Charleston Creek Neale Sound Wicomico Scenic River Commission--St. Mary's County Wicomico Scenic River Commission--Charles County
The Maryland Senate, sometimes referred to as the Maryland State Senate, is the upper house of the General Assembly, the state legislature of the U. S. state of Maryland. Composed of 47 senators elected from an equal number of constituent single-member districts, the Senate is responsible, along with the Maryland House of Delegates, for passage of laws in Maryland, for confirming executive appointments made by the Governor of Maryland, it evolved from the upper house of the colonial assembly created in 1650 when Maryland was a proprietary colony controlled by Cecilius Calvert. It consisted of the Governor and members of the Governor's appointed council. With slight variation, the body to meet in that form until 1776, when Maryland, now a state independent of British rule, passed a new constitution that created an electoral college to appoint members of the Senate; this electoral college was abolished in 1838 and members began to be directly elected from each county and Baltimore City. In 1972, because of a Supreme Court decision, the number of districts was increased to 47, the districts were balanced by population rather than being geographically determined.
To serve in the Maryland Senate, a person must be a citizen of Maryland 25 years of older. Elections for the 47 Senate seats are held every four years coincident with the federal election in which the President of the United States is not elected. Vacancies are filled through appointment by the Governor; the Senate meets for three months every year. It has been controlled by Democrats for a number of years. In the 2018 election, more than two-thirds of the Senate seats were won by Democrats. Senators elect a President to serve as presiding officer of the legislative body, as well as a President Pro Tempore; the President appoints chairs and membership of six standing committees, four legislative committees as well as the Executive Nominations and Rules Committees. When compared to other state legislatures in the United States, the Maryland Senate has one of the strongest presiding officers and some of the strongest committee chairs. Senators are organized into caucuses, including party- and demographically-based caucuses.
They are assisted in their work by paid staff of the non-partisan Department of Legislative Services and by partisan office staff. The origins of the Maryland Senate lie in the creation of an assembly during the early days of the Maryland colony; this assembly first met in 1637, making it the longest continuously operating legislative body in the United States. The assembly was unicameral, but in 1650, the Governor and his appointed council began serving as the upper house of a now bicameral legislature; these appointees had close political and economic ties to the proprietors of the Maryland colony, Cecilius Calvert and his descendants. Thus, the upper house in colonial times disagreed with the lower house, elected, tended to be more populist, pushed for greater legislative power in the colony; the upper house was abolished during the English Civil War, as Puritan governors attempted to consolidate control and prevent the return of any proprietary influence. It was again abolished by Governor Josias Fendall in 1660, who sought to create a colonial government based on an elected unicameral legislature like that of the Virginia colony.
The position of Governor was removed from the legislature in 1675, but for the following century, its function and powers remained the same. In 1776, following the signing of the Declaration of Independence and the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, Maryland threw off proprietary control and established a new constitution. Under this new constitution, the upper house of the General Assembly first became known as the Maryland Senate; the new body consisted of fifteen Senators appointed to five-year terms by an electoral college. The college, made up of two electors from each county and one each from the cities of Baltimore and Annapolis, was limited in its selections only by the stipulation that nine Senators need be from the western shore and six from the eastern shore; the first election under the 1776 constitution took place in 1781, the system would not change again until 1838. In the interim, a number of problems had cropped up in the appointment process, the 1838 election saw the passage of a number of constitutional amendments that fundamentally changed how Senators were chosen.
The electoral college was abolished, terms were lengthened to six years with rotating elections such that a third of the senate would be elected every two years, a single Senator was chosen by direct election from each county and the City of Baltimore. The Senate no longer acted as the Governor's Council, although they would continue to confirm the Governor's appointments. Constitutional changes altered this new system in 1851, when terms were shortened to four years, 1864, when Baltimore City was given three Senate districts rather than one, but substantial change to the structure of the Senate did not come again until 1964. In 1964, the Supreme Court ruled in Reynolds v. Sims that state legislative seats must be apportioned on the principle of one man, one vote. A number of state legislatures, including Maryland, had systems based on geography rather than population, the court rules that this violated the 14th Amendment. Disproportionate population growth across Maryland since 1838 meant that the principle of one seat per county gave the voters of some counties, such as those on the eastern shore, disproportionate representation.
Other counties those in suburban areas, were underrepresented. A special session of the legislature in 1965 changed the Senate to represent 16 districts and reapp
Henry S. Neal
Henry Safford Neal was a U. S. Representative from Ohio. Born in Gallipolis, Neal attended the common schools, he was graduated from Marietta College in 1847. He studied law, he was admitted to the bar in 1851 and commenced practice in Ironton, Ohio. He served as prosecuting attorney of Lawrence County about 1851, he served as member of the State senate from 1861 to 1863. He was appointed consul to Lisbon, Portugal, in 1869. By the resignation of the Minister Resident, he became Chargé d'Affaires in December 1869 and served until July 1870, when he resigned and returned to Ohio, he served as delegate to the Ohio constitutional convention in 1873. Neal was elected as a Republican to the Forty-fifth, Forty-sixth, Forty-seventh Congresses, he served as chairman of the Committee on District of Columbia. He was not a candidate for renomination in 1882, he resumed the practice of his profession at Ohio. He was appointed Solicitor of the Treasury by President Arthur and served from July 3, 1884, to April 13, 1885, when a successor was appointed by President Cleveland.
He again resumed the practice of law. He died in Ironton, July 13, 1906, he was interred in Woodland Cemetery. United States Congress. "Henry S. Neal". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Henry S. Neal at Find a Grave This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov
Henry St. George Tucker Sr.
Henry St. George Tucker Sr. was a Virginia jurist, law professor, U. S. Congressman. Tucker was born in Chesterfield County, Virginia on December 29, 1780 to St. George Tucker and Frances Bland, the daughter of Theodorick Bland of Cawsons, he was thus the half-brother through his mother of U. S. Representative and Senator John Randolph of Roanoke; as a young man, he pursued classical studies at the College of Mary. Tucker stayed in Williamsburg, Virginia to study law at William and Mary as well as under his father, an established Virginia lawyer, he excelled in the study of law, obtaining his law degree in 1801. After being admitted to the Virginia bar, Tucker commenced a legal practice in Virginia. Notably, Tucker was appointed to the law faculty at the College of William & Mary and was captain of Cavalry in the War of 1812, he was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the U. S. House of Representatives and served for two terms, from 1815 to 1819. During his tenure, Tucker was a supporter of the American System, including the establishment of the Second Bank of the United States and the passage of the Tariff of 1816.
In 1823 he had John Randolph Tucker. From 1824 to 1831 he operated the Winchester Law School, he went on to be judge and president of the Court of Appeals of Virginia and became a professor of law at the University of Virginia. As a law professor, Tucker authored Commentaries on the Law of Virginia as well as several treatises on natural law and on the formation of the Constitution of the United States, he is known for adding a mandatory pledge to the student honor code while a professor at the University of Virginia. On July 4, 1842, St. George Tucker offered the following resolution as a gesture of confidence in students: "...resolved, that in all future examinations... each candidate shall attach to the written answers... a certificate of the following words: I, A. B. do hereby certify on my honor that I have derived no assistance during the time of this examination from any source whatsoever." Tucker's pledge was adopted and soon became the following: "I do hereby certify on honor that I have derived no assistance during the time of this examination from any source whatever, whether oral, written or in print."
This basic pledge has, in another, been adopted at many American universities. Tucker resigned in 1845 due to ill health, he died in Winchester, Virginia in 1848. 1815. S. House of Representatives with 71.5% of the vote, defeating Federalist Griffin Taylor and Independent Robert Bailey. 1817. The papers of the Tucker-Coleman family, including the papers of Henry St. George Tucker, are held by the Special Collections Research Center at the College of William & Mary, his home near Leetown, West Virginia, known as Woodbury, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974. Commentaries on the Law of Virginia Lectures on Constitutional Law Lectures on Natural Law and Government Tucker County, West Virginia, named for Tucker United States Congress. "Henry St. George Tucker Sr.". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Wilson, J. G.. "Tucker, Thomas Tudor". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton. Henry St. George Tucker Sr. at Find a Grave Finding aid for the Tucker-Coleman Papers
Edward Dodd was a U. S. Representative from New York. Born in Salem, New York, Dodd attended the public schools, he engaged in mercantile pursuits. He moved to Argyle, New York, in 1835. County clerk of Washington County 1835-1844, he served as delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1846. Dodd was elected as an Opposition Party candidate to the Thirty-fourth Congress and reelected as a Republican to the Thirty-fifth Congress, he served as chairman of the Committee on District of Columbia. United States marshal for the northern district of New York from April 1863 to April 1869, he was editor of the County Post for thirty years. Trustee of the Argyle Academy for fifty-one years, he served as president of the village of Argyle for eight years. He served as member of the Republican State committee for many years, he died in Argyle, New York, March 1, 1891. He was interred in Prospect Hill Cemetery. United States Congress. "Edward Dodd". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress; this article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov