For named individuals, see Phil Reid. Phillip Reed was an American actor, he was best known for his role as Steve Wilson in a series of four films based on the Big Town radio series. Reed was a star athlete at Erasmus Hall High School in Brooklyn and attended college for one year before going into acting, his name was changed. Billed as Milton Leroy, Reed appeared in two Broadway plays: Melody and Ballyhoo of 1932. Reed played Russ Barrington in the soap opera Society Girl on CBS radio and Brian Wells in the soap opera David Harum on CBS. Reed's television appearances include a lead role in the 1955 anthology drama series Police Call, he appeared in the Alfred Hitchcock Presents episodes "The Derelicts" and "A Bullet for Baldwin". He appeared as King Toranshah in the 1965 Elvis Presley musical film Harum Scarum. Reed was buried at Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Glendale, California. Phillip Reed on IMDb Phillip Reed at the Internet Broadway Database Phillip Reed at Find a Grave
Laurel and Hardy
Laurel and Hardy were a comedy duo act during the early Classical Hollywood era of American cinema. The team was composed of American Oliver Hardy, they became well known during the late 1920s to the mid-1940s for their slapstick comedy, with Laurel playing the clumsy and childlike friend of the pompous bully Hardy. The duo's signature tune is known variously as "The Cuckoo Song", "Ku-Ku", or "The Dance of the Cuckoos", it was played over the opening credits of their films and has become as emblematic of the duo as their bowler hats. Prior to emerging as a team, both actors had well-established film careers. Laurel had appeared in over 50 films as an actor; the two comedians had worked together as cast members on the film The Lucky Dog in 1921. However, they were not a comedy team at that time and it was not until 1926 that they appeared in a movie short together, when both separately signed contracts with the Hal Roach film studio. Laurel and Hardy became a team in 1927 when they appeared together in the silent short film Putting Pants on Philip.
They remained with the Roach studio until 1940 and appeared in eight "B" movie comedies for 20th Century Fox and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer from 1941 to 1945. After finishing their movie commitments at the end of 1944, they concentrated on performing in stage shows and embarked on a music hall tour of England and Scotland, they made their last film in 1950, a French-Italian co-production called Atoll K. They appeared as a team in 107 films, starring in 32 short silent films, 40 short sound films, 23 full-length feature films, they made 12 guest or cameo appearances, including the Galaxy of Stars promotional film of 1936. On December 1, 1954, the pair made their one American television appearance, when they were surprised and interviewed by Ralph Edwards on his live NBC-TV program This Is Your Life. Since the 1930s, the works of Laurel and Hardy have been released in numerous theatrical reissues, television revivals, 8-mm and 16-mm home movies, feature-film compilations, home videos. In 2005, they were voted the seventh-greatest comedy act of all time by a UK poll of fellow comedians.
The official Laurel and Hardy appreciation society is known as The Sons of the Desert, named after a fictitious fraternal society featured in the film of the same name. Stan Laurel was born Arthur Stanley Jefferson in Ulverston, England into a theatrical family, his father, Arthur Joseph Jefferson, was a theatrical entrepreneur and theatre owner in northern England and Scotland who, with his wife, was a major force in the industry. In 1905, the Jefferson family moved to Glasgow to be closer to their business mainstay of the Metropole Theatre, Laurel made his stage debut in a Glasgow hall called the Britannia Panopticon one month short of his 16th birthday. Arthur Jefferson secured Laurel his first acting job with the juvenile theatrical company of Levy and Cardwell, which specialized in Christmas pantomimes. In 1909, Laurel was employed by Britain's leading comedy impresario Fred Karno as a supporting actor, as an understudy for Charlie Chaplin. Laurel said, he had no equal. His name was box-office."In 1912, Laurel left England with the Fred Karno Troupe to tour the United States.
Laurel had expected the tour to be a pleasant interval before returning to London. S. In 1917, Laurel was teamed with Mae Dahlberg as a double act for film; the same year, Laurel made his film debut with Dahlberg in Nuts in May. While working with Mae, he began using the name "Stan Laurel" and changed his name in 1931. Dahlberg demanded roles in his films, her tempestuous nature made her difficult to work with. Dressing room arguments were common between the two. In 1925, Laurel joined the Hal Roach film studio as a writer. From May 1925 until September 1926, he received credit in at least 22 films. Laurel appeared in over 50 films for various producers before teaming up with Hardy. Prior to that, he experienced only modest success, it was difficult for producers and directors to write for his character, with American audiences knowing him either as a "nutty burglar" or as a Charlie Chaplin imitator. Oliver Hardy was born Norvell Hardy in Georgia. By his late teens, Hardy was a popular stage singer and he operated a movie house in Milledgeville, the Palace Theater, financed in part by his mother.
For his stage name he took his father's first name, calling himself "Oliver Norvell Hardy", while offscreen his nicknames were "Ollie" and "Babe". The nickname "Babe" originated from an Italian barber near the Lubin Studios in Jacksonville, who would rub Hardy's face with talcum powder and say "That's nice-a baby!" Other actors in the Lubin company mimicked this, Hardy was billed as "Babe Hardy" in his early films. Seeing film comedies inspired him to take up comedy himself and, in 1913, he began working with Lubin Motion Pictures in Jacksonville, he started by helping around the studio with lights and other duties learning the craft as a script-clerk for the company. It was around this time that Hardy married Madelyn Salosihn. In 1914, Hardy was billed as "Babe Hardy" in Outwitting Dad. Between 1914 and 1916 Hardy made 177 shorts as Babe with the Vim Comedy Company, which were released up to the end of 1917. Exhibiting a versatility in playing heroes, villains and
Helen Parrish was an American movie actress, the daughter of stage and film actress Laura Parrish. She started in movies at the age of 2, getting her first part playing Babe Ruth's daughter in the silent film Babe Comes Home in 1927, she was featured in the Our Gang comedy shorts and sometimes played the lead character as a child, co-starring with some of the great female stars of the day. In her teens she made. During this time she starred opposite Deanna Durbin in several of her films, playing a jealous, spiteful rival, their first film together, Mad About Music, worked so well that they soon formed a sort of Shirley Temple/Jane Withers team in a couple of other movie confections for Universal. In their second film together, Three Smart Girls Grow Up, Parrish replaced Barbara Read as sister Kay Craig, her films included X Marks the Spot, When a Feller Needs a Friend, A Dog of Flanders, Little Tough Guy, I'm Nobody's Sweetheart Now, Too Many Blondes, X Marks the Spot, The Wolf Hunters. By her mid-twenties she had left motion pictures and turned to television, co-hosting Hour Glass, the first U.
S. network variety show in 1946-47. In an era when "... it was a social'taboo' for a pregnant woman to display herself in public," Parrish was forced to leave Hour Glass as a result of her pregnancy. One notable TV role was that of Geraldine Rutherford in the first season of the American television situation comedy Leave It to Beaver, her last role on television was as women's editor of a morning program, Panorama Pacific, on the West Coast. Her brother, Robert Parrish, was a minor child actor who earned respect as a film editor and director and her other sister, Beverly Parrish, died at the age of 11 after filming only one movie. On July 11, 1942, Parrish married actor Charles G. Lang, Jr. in Hollywood. They divorced in 1954 and in 1958, she married television producer John Guedel. Parrish has a star at 6263 Hollywood Boulevard in the Motion Pictures section of the Hollywood Walk of Fame, it was dedicated on February 8, 1960. Parrish died of cancer at Presbyterian Hospital in Hollywood in 1959, several weeks before her 35th birthday.
Willson, Dixie. Little Hollywood Stars. Akron, OH, e New York: Saalfield Pub. Co. 1935. Helen Parrish on IMDb Helen Parrish at Find a Grave
The New York Times
The New York Times is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership. Founded in 1851, the paper has won more than any other newspaper; the Times is ranked 17th in the world by circulation and 2nd in the U. S; the paper is owned by The New York Times Company, publicly traded and is controlled by the Sulzberger family through a dual-class share structure. It has been owned by the family since 1896. G. Sulzberger, the paper's publisher, his father, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. the company's chairman, are the fourth and fifth generation of the family to helm the paper. Nicknamed "The Gray Lady", the Times has long been regarded within the industry as a national "newspaper of record"; the paper's motto, "All the News That's Fit to Print", appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. Since the mid-1970s, The New York Times has expanded its layout and organization, adding special weekly sections on various topics supplementing the regular news, editorials and features.
Since 2008, the Times has been organized into the following sections: News, Editorials/Opinions-Columns/Op-Ed, New York, Sports of The Times, Science, Home and other features. On Sunday, the Times is supplemented by the Sunday Review, The New York Times Book Review, The New York Times Magazine and T: The New York Times Style Magazine; the Times stayed with the broadsheet full-page set-up and an eight-column format for several years after most papers switched to six, was one of the last newspapers to adopt color photography on the front page. The New York Times was founded as the New-York Daily Times on September 18, 1851. Founded by journalist and politician Henry Jarvis Raymond and former banker George Jones, the Times was published by Raymond, Jones & Company. Early investors in the company included Edwin B. Morgan, Christopher Morgan, Edward B. Wesley. Sold for a penny, the inaugural edition attempted to address various speculations on its purpose and positions that preceded its release: We shall be Conservative, in all cases where we think Conservatism essential to the public good.
We do not believe that everything in Society is either right or wrong. In 1852, the newspaper started a western division, The Times of California, which arrived whenever a mail boat from New York docked in California. However, the effort failed. On September 14, 1857, the newspaper shortened its name to The New-York Times. On April 21, 1861, The New York Times began publishing a Sunday edition to offer daily coverage of the Civil War. One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair, the subject of twenty editorials in the Times alone; the main office of The New York Times was attacked during the New York City Draft Riots. The riots, sparked by the beginning of drafting for the Union Army, began on July 13, 1863. On "Newspaper Row", across from City Hall, Henry Raymond stopped the rioters with Gatling guns, early machine guns, one of which he manned himself; the mob diverted, instead attacking the headquarters of abolitionist publisher Horace Greeley's New York Tribune until being forced to flee by the Brooklyn City Police, who had crossed the East River to help the Manhattan authorities.
In 1869, Henry Raymond died, George Jones took over as publisher. The newspaper's influence grew in 1870 and 1871, when it published a series of exposés on William Tweed, leader of the city's Democratic Party—popularly known as "Tammany Hall" —that led to the end of the Tweed Ring's domination of New York's City Hall. Tweed had offered The New York Times five million dollars to not publish the story. In the 1880s, The New York Times transitioned from supporting Republican Party candidates in its editorials to becoming more politically independent and analytical. In 1884, the paper supported Democrat Grover Cleveland in his first presidential campaign. While this move cost The New York Times a portion of its readership among its more progressive and Republican readers, the paper regained most of its lost ground within a few years. After George Jones died in 1891, Charles Ransom Miller and other New York Times editors raised $1 million dollars to buy the Times, printing it under the New York Times Publishing Company.
However, the newspaper was financially crippled by the Panic of 1893, by 1896, the newspaper had a circulation of less than 9,000, was losing $1,000 a day. That year, Adolph Ochs, the publisher of the Chattanooga Times, gained a controlling interest in the company for $75,000. Shortly after assuming control of the paper, Ochs coined the paper's slogan, "All The News That's Fit To Print"; the slogan has appeared in the paper since September 1896, has been printed in a box in the upper left hand corner of the front page since early 1897. The slogan was a jab at competing papers, such as Joseph Pulitzer's New York World and William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal, which were known for a lurid and inaccurate reporting of facts and opinions, described by the end of the century as "yellow journalism". Under Ochs' guidance, aided by Carr
The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet
The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet is an American sitcom, which aired on ABC from October 3, 1952 through April 23, 1966, starred the real-life Nelson family. After a long run on radio, the show was brought to television, where it continued its success running on radio and TV; the series starred the entertainment duo of Ozzie Nelson and his wife, singer Harriet Nelson, their sons and Ricky. Don DeFore had a recurring role as the Nelsons' neighbor "Thorny". Ozzie Nelson Harriet Nelson David Nelson Ricky Nelson The following represents the major supporting cast associated with the show. Don DeFore as Erskin "Thorny" Thornberry Parley Baer as Darby Lyle Talbot as Joe Randolph Mary Jane Croft as Clara Randolph Connie Harper as Miss Edwards Skip Young as Wally Plumstead Gordon Jones as Butch Barton Frank Cady as Doc Williams Lloyd Corrigan as Wally Dipple Joseph Kearns as Herb Dunkle James Stacy as Fred Jack Wagner as the announcer and the soda clerk Joe Flynn as Mr. Kelley Kent McCord as Kent, Kappa Sigma fraternity brother Jimmy Hawkins as Jimmy, Kappa Sigma fraternity brother In the early 1930s, a booking at the Glen Island Casino in New Rochelle, New York gained national network radio exposure for Ozzie Nelson's orchestra.
After three years together with the orchestra and Harriet signed to appear on the radio show, The Baker's Broadcast, hosted first by Joe Penner by Robert Ripley, by cartoonist Feg Murray. The couple married on October 8, 1935 during this series run, realized working together in radio would keep them together more than continuing their musical careers separately. In 1941, the Nelsons joined the cast of The Red Skelton Show providing much of the show's music; the couple stayed with the series for three years. They built their radio experience by guest appearances and individually, on many top radio shows, from comedies such as The Fred Allen Show, to the mystery titan Suspense, in a 1947 episode called "Too Little to Live On"; when Red Skelton was drafted in March 1944, Ozzie Nelson was prompted to create his own family situation comedy. The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet launched October 8, 1944 on CBS, it moved to NBC in October 1948 made a late-season switch back to CBS in April 1949; the final years of the radio series were on ABC from October 14, 1949 to June 18, 1954.
In total 402 radio episodes were produced. In an arrangement that exemplified the growing pains of American broadcasting, as radio "grew up" into television, the Nelsons' deal with ABC gave the network the option to move their program to television; the struggling network needed proven talent, not about to defect to the more established and wealthier networks like CBS or NBC. The Nelsons' sons and Ricky, did not join the cast until the radio show's fifth year; the two boys were played by professional actors prior to their joining because both were too young to perform. The role of David was played by Joel Davis from 1944 until 1945 when he was replaced by Tommy Bernard. Henry Blair appeared as Ricky. Other cast members included John Brown as Syd "Thorny" Thornberry, Lurene Tuttle as Harriet's mother, Bea Benaderet as Gloria, Janet Waldo as Emmy Lou, Francis "Dink" Trout as Roger. Vocalists included Harriet Nelson, The King Sisters, Ozzie Nelson; the announcers were Verne Smith. The music was by Ozzie Nelson.
The producers were Ozzie Nelson. The show's sponsors included International Silver Company, H. J. Heinz Company and Lambert Pharmacal's Listerine. In 1952, the Nelsons starred with Rock Hudson in the Universal-International feature film, Here Come the Nelsons; the film depicted Ozzie as an advertising executive assigned to a campaign promoting women's underwear. The film, produced in the summer of 1951 while the radio show was on hiatus, opened theatrically on February 23, 1952, it doubled as a pilot for the television series, as Ozzie wanted to see if his family would be accepted on film as they were on radio. The success of Here Come the Nelsons convinced him that Ozzie & Harriet's future was on the small screen, while continuing their weekly radio show. Before the television series aired, Ozzie Nelson persuaded ABC to agree to a 10-year contract that paid the Nelsons whether the series was canceled or not; the unprecedented contract and Ozzie's insistence on perfection in the series' production paid off in the series' remarkable longevity.
The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet premiered on ABC on October 10, 1952, staying until April 23, 1966. The series strove for realism and featured exterior shots of the Nelsons' actual southern California home at 1822 Camino Palmero Street in Los Angeles as the fictional Nelsons' home. Interior shots were filmed on a Hollywood Center Studios sound stage recreated to look like the real interior of the Nelsons' home. Viewers assumed the action took place in Los Angeles since the occasional exterior shots were of actual Los Angeles streets rather than a studio backlot, but for many years the opening credits of each episode noted that the Nelson characters were "played by" the Nelson family, as though taking pains to ensure viewers knew these were not literal true-life accounts. And a 1959 episode titled "Ozzie Changes History" is devoted to the history of "Warfield," the fictional town where they live; this accounted for the small-town
House Party (radio and TV show)
House Party is an American radio daytime variety/talk show that aired on CBS Radio and on ABC Radio from January 15, 1945 to October 13, 1967. The show had an long run on CBS Television as Art Linkletter's House Party and, in its final season, The Linkletter Show, airing from September 1, 1952 to September 5, 1969; the series was launched when producer John Guedel learned that an ad agency wanted to do a new daytime audience participation show, he pitched a series that would star Art Linkletter. Asked to provide an outline and Linkletter came up with a format that would give Linkletter great freedom and allow for spontaneity. Sponsored by General Electric, the 25-minute House Party premiered on CBS Radio on January 15, 1945, ran weekdays at 4 p.m. three days a week, through January 10, 1947. Following a break, it ran weekdays at 3:30 p.m. from December 1, 1947 to December 31, 1948. It continued to be sponsored by General Electric as it switched to ABC Radio, where it ran for 30 minutes in the same timeslot from January 3 to July 1, 1949.
ABC aired it as a 25-minute sustained-advertising program weekdays at noon from September 19 to December 30, 1949. The show returned to CBS Radio only days making its longest continued run from January 2, 1950 to October 13, 1967 as a 30-minute show running weekdays at various times. Sponsors included Pillsbury from 1950 to 1952, Lever Brothers from 1952 to 1956. During its first season, the soundtrack from the TV show was run on radio following the telecast. Linkletter and Guedel first spun off the format to television with the prime-time ABC show Life with Linkletter, which ran October 6, 1950 to April 25, 1952. Under the title Art Linkletter's House Party, the show premiered on CBS Television on September 1, 1952 and had become television's longest-running daytime variety show by the time it completed its run on September 5, 1969; the show ran first at 2:45 pm ET for only fifteen minutes, but by February 1953 it aired from 2:30 pm to 3:00 pm ET, remaining in that time slot for 15 years. From 1968 to 1969, the show aired.
Linkletter had a similar but unrelated prime-time TV series, The Art Linkletter Show, on NBC television from February 18 to September 16, 1963. Following CBS' cancellation of the daytime TV show, NBC Television revived the old ABC series Life With Linkletter, this time co-hosted by Linkletter and his son Jack Linkletter; this aired on weekday afternoons from December 29, 1969, to September 25, 1970. A new, syndicated version of the show, called House Party with Steve Doocy, ran during 1990. Hosted by Linkletter, House Party featured everything from household hints to hunts for missing heirs. A humorous monologue by Linkletter could be followed by an audience participation quiz to win prizes, musical groups, informal celebrity interviews and guest speakers from assorted walks of life. One popular long running feature of the program was "Guess What's In The House", a game in which studio audience members would be given clues to the contents of a small model of a split level home placed on a center stage podium.
A similar concept was adapted for the "What's Inside The Box" segment on the game show "Let's Make A Deal". Ideas for the show were devised by producer John Guedel and his father, but Linkletter never used scripts or rehearsed; the show's best-remembered segment was "Kids Say the Darndest Things", in which Linkletter interviewed schoolchildren between the ages of five and ten. During the segment's 27-year run, Linkletter interviewed an estimated 23,000 children; the popularity of the segment led to a TV series with the same title hosted by Bill Cosby on CBS-TV from January 1998 to June 2000. The show's popularity led to the books Kids Say the Darndest Things with House Party mentioned in the front cover blurb, it was followed by Kids Still Say the Darndest Things!, both illustrated by Peanuts cartoonist Charles Schulz. The 1957 book was reissued in 2005 by Ten Speed Press "Art Linkletter was first a radio guy" "Our Fifteen Minutes of Fame" by Gary Mussell Art Linkletter's House Party on IMDb
Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were