Philately is the study of stamps and postal history and other related items. It refers to the collection and research activities on stamps and other philatelic products. Philately involves more than just stamp collecting, which does not involve the study of stamps, it is possible to be a philatelist without owning any stamps. For instance, the stamps being studied may be rare, or reside only in museums; the word "philately" is the English translation of the French "philatélie", coined by Georges Herpin in 1864. Herpin stated that stamps had been collected and studied for the previous six or seven years and a better name was required for the new hobby than timbromanie, disliked, he took the Greek root word φιλ- phil-, meaning "an attraction or affinity for something", ἀτέλεια ateleia, meaning "exempt from duties and taxes" to form "philatelie". The introduction of postage stamps meant that the receipt of letters was now free of charge, whereas before stamps it was normal for postal charges to be paid by the recipient of a letter.
The alternative terms "timbromania", "timbrophily" and "timbrology" fell out of use as philately gained acceptance during the 1860s. Traditional philately is the study of the technical aspects of stamp production and stamp identification, including: The stamp design process The paper used The method of printing The gum The method of separation Any overprints on the stamp Any security markings, underprints or perforated initials The study of philatelic fakes and forgeries Thematic philately known as topical philately, is the study of what is depicted on individual stamps. There are hundreds of popular subjects, such as birds, ships, presidents, maps, space craft and insects on stamps. Stamps depicted on stamps constitute a topical area of collecting. Interesting aspects of topical philately include design alterations. Postal history studies the postal systems and how they operate and, or, the study of postage stamps and covers and associated material illustrating historical episodes of postal systems both before and after the introduction of the adhesive stamps.
It includes the study of postmarks, post offices, postal authorities, postal rates and regulations and the process by which letters are moved from sender to recipient, including routes and choice of conveyance. A classic example is the Pony Express, the fastest way to send letters across the United States during the few months that it operated. Covers that can be proven to have been sent by the Pony Express are prized by collectors. Aerophilately is the branch of postal history. Philatelists have observed the development of mail transport by air from its beginning, all aspects of airmail services have been extensively studied and documented by specialists. Astrophilately is the branch of postal history that specializes in the study of stamps and postmarked envelopes that are connected to the outer space. Postal stationery includes stamped envelopes, postal cards, letter sheets, aérogrammes and wrappers, most of which have an embossed or imprinted stamp or indicia indicating the prepayment of postage.
Erinnophilia is the study of objects that are not postal stamps. Examples include Easter Seals, Christmas Seals, propaganda labels, so forth. Philatelic literature documents the results of philatelic study and includes thousands of books and periodicals. Revenue philately is the study of stamps used to collect taxes or fees on such things as, legal documents, court fees, tobacco, alcoholic drinks and medicines, playing cards, hunting licenses and newspapers. Maximaphily is the study of Maximum Cards. Maximum Cards can be defined as a picture post card with postage stamp on the same theme and a cancellation, with a maximum concordance between all three. Youth philately is the study of stamps with colorful characters, it is aimed at getting kids to be interested in stamp collecting. Philately uses a number of tools, including stamp tongs to safely handle the stamps, a strong magnifying glass and a perforation gauge to measure the perforation gauge of the stamp; the identification of watermarks is important and may be done with the naked eye by turning the stamp over or holding it up to the light.
If this fails watermark fluid may be used, which "wets" the stamp to reveal the mark. Some tools are available online; these are collector clubs, enthusiast forums and trading platforms. Other common tools include stamp stock books and stamp hinges. Philatelic organisations sprang up soon after people started studying stamps, they include local and international clubs and societies where collectors come together to share the various aspects of their hobby. One of the most known organizations is the American Philatelic Society. List of notable postage stamps List of philatelic topics List of philatelists Postal history Stamp collecting Sefi, A. J. An Introduction to Advanced Philately, with special reference to typical methods of stamp production. London: Rowley & Rowley, 1926. Sutton, R. J. & K. W. Anthony; the Stamp Collector's Encyclopaedia. 6th edition. London: Stanley Paul, 1966. Williams, L. N. & M. Fundamentals of Philately. State College: The American Philatelic Society, 1971. Can Plastic Films
Roll of Distinguished Philatelists
The Roll of Distinguished Philatelists is a philatelic award of international scale, created by the Philatelic Congress of Great Britain in 1921. The Roll consists of three pieces of parchment; those who have assisted the development of philately through their research, expertise or giving their time can be candidates to sign the Roll if they are sponsored by one of the existing signatories. The following four years, the candidate is examined once a year with the other current ones by a Board of election; the ceremony of signature of the Roll happens at the annual Philatelic Congress of Great Britain. Under the Congress' rules, the signatories can vote during the Congress. Forty-two philatelists were honoured posthumously on the first page of the Roll as "Fathers of Philately". Four other names were added in the 1950s at the bottom of the first page. In 1951, Edward R. Woodward and J. Stanley Telfer were honoured by the Board of election because they were two important philatelists and member of the Board.
In 1956, because the Board was sure they would have been called to sign the Roll if they would have lived longer, United States citizen Clarence W. Hennan and A. Tort Nicolau of Spain were added too. On 30 October 1919, Percy C. Bishop, a member of the London Stamp Club, proposed the institution of an "Philatelic Order of Merit" to honour philatelic writers; this order would be given more importance than existing philatelic prizes and would have an international importance. In late 1919, F. H. Vallencey, President of the Club, presented the idea to the readers of his Stamp Collecting paper. In March 1920, a jury of five published a list of twenty-five names who the jury selected from the ninety-one names sent by the readers and British associations. However, to gain official recognition, the London Stamp Club let the associative members of the 1920 Philatelic Congress of Great Britain in Newcastle upon Tyne decide the future of Bishop's idea. A sub-committee was constituted to write rules of the award.
At the 1921 Congress in Harrogate, the "Roll of Distinguished Philatelists" was created without any discussion. The subcommittee has got the signature of King and philatelist George V on the printed parchment, the twenty-four of the selected by the first jury and fifteen other philatelists were invited to sign the Roll on the last day of the Congress. Starting in 1922, the selection of the signatories was annual except between the Congresses of 1940 and 1946 because of World War II; the names of forty-two deceased philatelists are printed on the Roll page, signed between 1921 and 1935. They were placed in the ribbons, they were included as "fathers of philately". James H. Abbott, pioneer of the overprint collection. Sir William Beilby Avery, director of W & T Avery Ltd. great collector. François Georges Oscar Berger-Levrault and collector, author of the first stamp catalogue in 1862. Friedrich Andreas Breitfuss, one of the collectors of essays and proofs. Mount Brown, author of a stamp catalogue between 1862 and 1864.
Maitland Burnett, editor of The Philatelic Record. Gustave and Martial Caillebotte and stamp collectors. Marcellus Purnell Castle, President of the Royal Philatelic Society London from 1913 to 1917, editor of The London Philatelist. Daniel Cooper, first President of the Philatelic Society, London from 1869 to 1878. Henry J. Crocker, great collector. J. A. Dunbar-Dunbar, a Scottish reverend, his Australian collection went to the Museum of Science and Art in Edinburgh. Henry J. Duveen, important collector. Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, King George V's uncle, Honorary President of the Philatelic Society, London de 1890 à 1900. Philip la Renotiere von Ferrary, rich buyer of stamps and stationery from many countries. Douglas Garth, Honorary Secretary of the Philatelic Society, London from 1888 to 1894, collector of India. John Edward Gray, zoologist at the British Museum, author of A Hand Catalogue for the Use of Collectors. Gilbert Harrison, specialist of Afghanistan and Portuguese India. Leslie Leopold Rudolph Hausburg, Honorary Secretary of the Royal Philatelic Society London from 1913 to 1917, spécialist of plating.
Andrew Houison, specialist of the postal history of New South Wales. Henry King-Tenison, 8th Earl of Kingston, President of the Philatelic Society, London from 1892 to 1896. Jacques Amable Legrand, pioneer of philately in France, inventor of the perforation gauge. Gerald FitzGerald, 5th Duke of Leinster, important Irish collector. James Lindsay, 26th Earl of Crawford, President of the Royal Philatelic Society London from 1910 to 1913, one of the first to include essays and proofs in his collections. Pierre Mahé, stamp dealer in Paris, in charge of Philipp von Ferrary's collection. David Parkes Masson, specialist of India. Arthur Maury, stamp dealer in Paris, philatelic author and journalist, editor of Le Collectionneur de timbres-poste. Paul Mirabaud, specialist of Switzerland. Jean-Baptiste Moens, stamp dealer in Brussels and philatelic