Seaside Park (Ventura)
Seaside Park is an event venue in Ventura, United States. The 62-acre site is the home of the Ventura County Fair. Trade shows and other events are held throughout the year at the fairgrounds; the beachfront site, near the mouth of the Ventura River includes Surfers' Point, known for its point break that produces distinctive waves. The original 65 acres were donated to the County of Ventura by Eugene Preston Foster and Orpha Foster, who envisioned the Seaside Park as a miniature Golden Gate Park; the Fosters wanted a beautiful gateway to Ventura, where families could walk and picnic, play tennis, enjoy family outings. Most of the site is now owned by the State of California and is managed by the 31st District Agricultural Association, am independent state agency; the 31st District Agricultural Association is a state special-purpose district in the Division of Fairs and Expositions of the California Department of Food and Agriculture. The Fair Board's role is to approve policies for the organization.
Members of the Board of Directors are appointed by the governor of California. They organize the annual Ventura County Fair and run the Derby Club, a live via satellite horse racing off-track wagering facility. Events are held throughout the year, including trade shows, conventions and festivals; the year-round facility has convention facilities, demonstration halls, equestrian facilities which include an 110,000 square feet arena, administrative offices. Although the original race track and grandstand are long gone, the Ventura Raceway is hosted at the fairgrounds when the fair is not in season; the Thousand Oaks shooting at the Borderline dance bar in November 2018 was a month before the last gun show of the year at the fairgrounds. While considering the 2019 season, the board fair only approved the first two guns shows of the new year with the desire to prepare a policy before approving the three additional gun shows requested by the company that puts on them on; the Omer Rains Bike Trail lies outside the fairgrounds fence running along the beach and river levee.
Connecting the San Buenaventura State Beach to the south and Emma Wood State Beach to the north, the path is on the Pacific Coast Bicycle Route and serves as an access point for California Coastal Trail. Surfing is popular here with its point break. Eugene P. and Orpha Foster envisioned a miniature Golden Gate Park since John McLaren, the designer of that park, was a family friend. They donated the original 65 acres to the County of Ventura, they wanted a beautiful gateway to Ventura, where families could walk and picnic, play tennis, enjoy family outings. Around 1901, John J. Coit installed and operated a miniature railway in Seaside Park with the unusual gauge of 14 1⁄2 in; the locomotive, which Coit had designed, was of the camelback type. After a short period of time, he relocated some of the equipment to the Long Beach and Asbury Park Railway. For many years, Babe Ruth Field occupied the area of the main parking lot and served as the home of the Ventura Braves, Ventura Yankees, Ventura Oilers professional baseball teams.
In 2011, the popular bike and pedestrian path was moved inland as part of a managed retreat project, a first of its kind in California. Fair officials wanted a buried sea wall to protect the bike path, damaged since it was built in 1989. Surfers fiercely objected, fearing that this would destroy the point break near the Ventura River that generates the distinctive waves at Surfers' Point at Seaside Park, the city park area. Environmentalists projected reduced habitat and increased erosion rates on nearby beaches by the altered wave patterns. In 1922, a horse race was filmed here for The Pride of Palomar, a movie bankrolled by newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst's Cosmopolitan Pictures. In 1927, Racing Romeo, a saga about a young race car driver starring football great Red Grange, used the fairground track. Billy Jones Wildcat Railroad Eastlake Park Scenic Railway Long Beach and Asbury Park Railway Venice Miniature Railway Urbita Lake Railway
William "Billy" Jones
William "Billy" Jones, a seasoned veteran of the steam era who established the Wildcat Railroad in Los Gatos, was born the son of a teamster in the town of Ben Lomond, California, USA. Jones found employment as an engine wiper at the age of 13 with the 3 ft narrow gauge South Pacific Coast Railroad at Boulder Creek, California. At 17, Jones was promoted to fireman, became an engineer; the South Pacific Coast Railroad, acquired by the Southern Pacific Railroad, was converted to a standard gauge road by 1909. Jones was among the first to work the first standard gauge portions of the line out of San Jose advancing to the Coast Daylight run between San Francisco and San Luis Obispo. After World War II, he was in charge of the reassembly of the preserved locomotive Gov. Stanford for Stanford University. Jones married the schoolteacher at Wright's Station, located south of Los Gatos. After settling down in Los Gatos on a 9-acre prune orchard known as "The Ranch", the Jones family grew to include two sons and Neal, two daughters and Geraldine.
The Ranch was located at the corner of the Santa Clara-Los Gatos Road. On the docks of San Francisco in 1939, Jones discovered an 18 in gauge steam locomotive built in 1905 and designed to run on the Venice Miniature Railway in Venice Beach, California, he bought the little engine, nicknamed the 2-spot, for $100 and got it running again on a miniature railway he and his railroad buddies constructed on the ranch, dubbed the "Wildcat Railroad". His only sons Robert and Neal were victims of World War II, Jones operated his "Wildcat Railroad" for the neighborhood children, every Sunday until his death in 1968, in memory of his two lost sons; the railroad attracted people from across the valley and beyond, including Walt Disney, who considered purchasing some of Jones' collection of miniature railway equipment. The two became friends, Jones was behind the throttle of Disney's 3 ft narrow gauge locomotives on opening weekend at Disneyland on July 17, 1955. In addition, the Wildcat Railroad's logo, depicting a smiling cartoon wildcat with an engineer's cap, was designed by Disney animator Ward Kimball.
Jones retired from the Southern Pacific Company in 1949. In January 1959, it is said Jones ceremoniously ran the last train out of Los Gatos before the rails were taken up throughout the town. Jones died of leukemia in 1968 at the age of 83, his "Wildcat Railroad" was purchased by local residents who formed a non-profit organization to relocate and operate it at Oak Meadow Park and Vasona Park in Los Gatos; the railroad opened for regular operations in July 1970 after nearly two years of restoration and construction, which included salvaging an 89-foot Southern Pacific piggyback flatcar from a wreck and using it as a bridge over Los Gatos Creek. In 1972, a one-and-a-half-mile extension was built, adding a working grade with a 40-foot trestle and bringing the railroad into Vasona Park, an extension built following complaints that the ride was too short. By 1992, the railroad was averaging well over 100,000 riders each year, it was in 1992 that the railroad acquired its first diesel locomotive.
The railroad had operated the steam locomotive that Billy had discovered in San Francisco in 1939. Realizing the need for a larger locomotive fleet, the railroad pursued options to acquire a more reliable diesel locomotive. Local businessman and railroad enthusiast Albert B. Smith purchased a brand new diesel-hydraulic locomotive from Chicago Locomotive Works and donated the locomotive to the railroad. Smith died a year and the diesel was, in years, named for him. In 1994, the 2-spot was in need of complete overhaul. In the meantime, the new diesel, dubbed #2502 and painted in the Southern Pacific's Black Widow paint scheme, would serve as the primary locomotive of the railroad for eleven years. After a ten year restoration project, the 2-spot returned to service in July 2005; the occasion marked the 100th birthday of the steam locomotive and celebrated the 35th anniversary of the Billy Jones Wildcat Railroad in Vasona Park The railroad purchased another diesel locomotive in 2006 and dubbed it #3502.
It wears the colors of the North Western Railway. #3502 started construction at the Chicago Locomotive Works, but was finished by the Merrick Light Railway Works after CLW went under. 3502 was named Larry H. Pederson, in honor of a railroad board member. Both diesels, built in the style of an EMD GP60M, continue to operate weekdays during summer and weekends during winter and early spring. A third diesel, #4, built in 2005 by volunteer Tom Waterfall in the style of a Davenport Locomotive Works locomotive, is used in work train service, sees use as a yard switcher; the restored 2-spot operates weekends from late spring until the end of fall, with sporadic weekday appearances. In May 2013, the railroad took delivery of a second steam locomotive, #5; the locomotive is a 4-6-2 oil burner built by the Merrick Light Railway Works, which built 3502. The 5-spot was put in rota
Ancón is a corregimiento in Panamá District, Panamá Province, Panama with a population of 29,761 as of 2010. Its population as of 1990 was 11,518, it is sometimes considered a suburb or small town within Panama City, northeast of the limits of the town of Balboa. Ancon Hill is the name of a large hill that overlooks Panama City and once served as a form of protection from pirates and sea invasion; the township was located around this hill, was created to house employees of the Panama Canal during its construction. As part of the construction effort, the historic Gorgas Army Hospital was founded and built on the hillside; the first ship to transit the canal, SS Ancon, was named after the district. The community continued to serve as housing for employees of the Panama Canal Company until 1980, when parts of it began to be turned over to the Panamanian government under the 1977 Torrijos-Carter Treaties. Modern-day Ancón is a corregimiento of Panama City, serving as a residential area; the Gorgas Army Hospital building is now the Panamanian Oncology Hospital used for cancer research.
The area houses Panama's Supreme Court, just a few feet away from the Gorgas Army Hospital building, several Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute buildings for research into tropical biology. Ancón is a parish of the District of Panama, located in the Panama Canal adjacent area; the area where the district of Ancón is located was always conceived as a place of transit. From the Spanish arrival on the Isthmus of Panama in 1501, it was thought to build there a road between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, an idea, materialized with the construction of the Panama Canal. During the years when the Panama Canal was under the control of the United States, many administrative facilities, military bases, communities were built in the adjacent areas, forming part of the former Panama Canal Zone; when these areas were reverted to Panama under the Torrijos-Carter Treaties, several alternatives were proposed to integrate the district to the city of Panama. The current district of Ancón was created when a new political-administrative division for the reverted areas was adopted, by Act No. 18 of August 29, 1979, amended by Law No. 1 of October 27, 1982.
The areas located in the Pacific sector became part of this district, while those located on the Atlantic side were incorporated into the district of Cristobal, in the province of Colon. They remain characterized by a strong US urban architectural style. Due to its geographical location, the district of Ancón is of great importance for the economy of Panama. In it are located most of the administrative facilities and services related to the Panama Canal. Balboa is home to the port of Panama City; the district home to the Administrative Unit of Reverted properties of the Ministry of Economy and Finance, established in 2007 as a replacement for the former Inter-Oceanic Region Authority. Many of the buildings belonging to former US military bases are today sites of Panamanian governmental and nongovernmental institutions, such as the City of Knowledge, the main science and technology park in the country, in the area of the former Fort Clayton. Besides its importance in the fields of trade and intermodal transportation, the district is becoming relevant in terms of services and tourism.
Ancón is home to the Marcos A. Gelabert International Airport, the Grand National Transportation Terminal, Albrook Mall, the largest mall in the country; the district of Ancón includes the Parque Natural Metropolitano, a vast jungle located a few minutes from the city, its highest elevation, Ancon Hill. In its urban areas, you can visit several historical sites of the Panamanian capital, the building that houses the headquarters of the Panama Canal Authority, popularly known as the Administration Building; the Amador Causeway, a section of which runs over the sea, joining three small Pacific islands, is one of the city's most popular tourist attractions, with marinas, restaurants and discothèques. There is the Figali Convention Center, while the Museum of Biodiversity, designed by renowned architect Frank Gehry, is in construction. Postage stamps and postal history of the Canal Zone
The West Indies is a region of the North Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean that includes the island countries and surrounding waters of three major archipelagos: the Greater Antilles, the Lesser Antilles and the Lucayan Archipelago. The region includes all the islands in or bordering the Caribbean Sea, plus The Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos Islands, which are in the Atlantic Ocean. Depending on the context, some references to the West Indies may include some nations of northern South America that share the history and culture of the West Indian islands. Indigenous peoples were the first inhabitants of the West Indies. In 1492, Christopher Columbus became the first European to arrive at the islands, where he is believed by historians to have first set foot on land in the Bahamas. After the first of the voyages of Christopher Columbus to the Americas, Europeans began to use the term West Indies to distinguish the region from the East Indies of South Asia and Southeast Asia. In the late sixteenth century, French and Dutch merchants and privateers began their operations in the Caribbean Sea, attacking Spanish and Portuguese shipping and coastal areas.
They took refuge and refitted their ships in the areas the Spanish could not conquer, including the islands of the Lesser Antilles, the northern coast of South America including the mouth of the Orinoco, the Atlantic Coast of Central America. In the Lesser Antilles they managed to establish a foothold following the colonisation of St Kitts in 1624 and Barbados in 1626, when the Sugar Revolution took off in the mid-seventeenth century, they brought in thousands of Africans to work the fields and mills as slave labourers; these Africans wrought a demographic revolution, replacing or joining with either the indigenous Caribs or the European settlers who were there as indentured servants. The struggle between the northern Europeans and the Spanish spread southward in the mid to late seventeenth century, as English, Dutch and Spanish colonists, in many cases their slaves from Africa first entered and occupied the coast of The Guianas and the Orinoco valley, which fell to the Spanish; the Dutch, allied with the Caribs of the Orinoco, would carry the struggles deep into South America, first along the Orinoco and along the northern reaches of the Amazon.
Since no European country had occupied much of Central America the English of Jamaica established alliances with the Miskito Kingdom of modern-day Nicaragua and Honduras, began logging on the coast of modern-day Belize. These interconnected commercial and diplomatic relations made up the Western Caribbean Zone, in place in the early eighteenth century. In the Miskito Kingdom, the rise to power of the Miskito-Zambos, who originated in the survivors of a rebellion aboard a slave ship in the 1640s and the introduction of African slaves by British settlers within the Miskito area and in Belize transformed this area into one with a high percentage of persons of African descent as was found in most of the rest of the Caribbean. From the 17th through the 19th century, the European colonial territories of the West Indies were the French West Indies, British West Indies, the Danish West Indies, the Netherlands Antilles, the Spanish West Indies. In 1916, Denmark sold the Danish West Indies to the United States for US$25 million in gold, per the Treaty of the Danish West Indies.
The Danish West Indies became an insular area of the U. S. called the United States Virgin Islands. Between 1958 and 1962, the United Kingdom re-organised all their West Indies island territories into the West Indies Federation, they hoped that the Federation would coalesce into a independent nation. However, the Federation had limited powers, numerous practical problems, a lack of popular support. West Indies or West India was the namesake of several companies of the 17th and 18th centuries, including the Danish West India Company, the Dutch West India Company, the French West India Company, the Swedish West India Company. West Indian is the official term used by the U. S. government to refer to people of the West Indies. Tulane University professor Rosanne Adderly says: he phrase "West Indies" distinguished the territories encountered by Columbus or and claimed by Spain from discovery claims by other powers in "East Indies"... The term "West Indies" was used by all European nations to describe their own acquired territories in the Americas... considering British Caribbean colonies collectively as the "West Indies" had its greatest political importance in the 1950s with the movement to create a federation of those colonies that could become an independent nation...
Despite the collapse of the Federation... the West Indies continues to field a joint cricket team for international competition. The West Indies cricket team includes participants from Guyana, geographically located in South America; the West Indies is a geologically complex island system consisting of 7,000 islands and islets stretching over 3,000 km from the Florida peninsula of North America south-southeast to the northern coast of Venezuela. These islands include active volcanoes, low-lying atolls, raised limestone islands, large fragments of continental crust containing tall mountains and insular rivers; each of the three archipelagos of the West Indies has geologic composition. The Greater Antilles is geologically the oldest of the three archipelagos and includes both the largest isla
Urbita Lake Railway
The Urbita Lake Railway was a 1⁄2 mile long miniature railway with a gauge of 18 in, which operated from 1910 to at least August 1915 at Urbita Hot Springs Park in San Bernardino, California. In 1910, the Pacific Electric Railway took-over the San Bernardino Valley Traction Company and thus became owner of the Urbita Hot Springs. At this time the Hot Springs were a profitable business, developed by R. Paragette in 1901. According to a contemporary newspaper, the railroad was unique, because it had the youngest president and oldest engineer in the world, the president being Buster ‘Buddy’ Courcy, at the age of two, the engineer being the retired railway worker Bill Simpson from the San Bernardino Valley; the locomotive had been built as No 1903 by John J. Coit and has been used on the Long Beach and Asbury Park Railway, the Venice Miniature Railway and the Eastlake Park Scenic Railway; the oilfired steam locomotive with a total length of 5.80 m from tip of pilot to end of tank couple and a height of 1,295 m from the top of rail to the top of stack was of the 2-6-0 type.
The locomotive had some technical innovations, such as a valve control without eccentrics, easy to adjust and to maintain. The locomotive had a bespoke oil burner, for which Coit filed a patent; the locomotive had a weight of 3.628 kg including the tender, 2,328 kg excluding the tender. The tender had a capacity of 780 L 322 L oil; the weight of the locomotive was spread over six driving wheels with a diameter of 463 mm and two smaller wheels of a pony truck with the diameter of 254 mm onto the rails. The Vanderbilt type boiler delivered 25 hp; the cylinders were 5 by 7 inches bore x stroke. The locomotive had a pulling power of 4.8 kN. Billy Jones Wildcat Railroad Eastlake Park Scenic Railway Long Beach and Asbury Park Railway Seaside Park Railway Venice Miniature Railway
Long Beach and Asbury Park Railway
The Long Beach and Asbury Park Railway was a profitable but short-lived miniature railway with the unusual gauge of 14 1⁄2 in, which operated from 1902 until 21 August 1903 at Long Beach in California. John J. Coit, an experienced locomotive driver, built the track of miniature railway together with his friends at cost of $1,200, he had worked as a master machinist at the Johnson Machine Works. Due to being physically handicapped he focussed on a user friendly design of his locomotives. In the night from 21 to 22 August 1903 the whole roadbed and ties of the Long Beach and Asbury Park Railway were washed away by the highest tide, recorded until then. With the experience gained, John Coit did not rebuild the track at this location, but built the Eastlake Park Scenic Railway and the Venice Miniature Railway with the larger gauge of 18 in; the 4-6-0 ten-wheeler steam locomotive of this railway was constructed by H. M. Leach of the Central Iron Works under Coit's supervision, it required four months for the five men.
The combined length of the locomotive and the tender was 16 feet. The height was 52 inches from the top of the rail to the top of the stack; the weight of the locomotive was spread over six driving wheels with a diameter of 18 1⁄4 inches and four smaller leading wheels in a bogie. The Vanderbilt type boiler had a maximum pressure of 200 psi, it had 73 pieces of 1⁄2 - inch diameter flues. The complete train was equipped with a Westinghouse straight air brake. Billy Jones Wildcat Railroad Eastlake Park Scenic Railway Seaside Park Railway Venice Miniature Railway Urbita Lake Railway